CN109134008A - A method of organic fertilizer is prepared using microorganism decomposition pig manure - Google Patents

A method of organic fertilizer is prepared using microorganism decomposition pig manure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109134008A
CN109134008A CN201710455377.XA CN201710455377A CN109134008A CN 109134008 A CN109134008 A CN 109134008A CN 201710455377 A CN201710455377 A CN 201710455377A CN 109134008 A CN109134008 A CN 109134008A
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parts
fermentation
fertilizer
organic fertilizer
pig manure
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CN201710455377.XA
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程金南
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程金南
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/50Treatments combining two or more different biological or biochemical treatments, e.g. anaerobic and aerobic treatment or vermicomposting and aerobic treatment
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of methods for preparing organic fertilizer using microorganism decomposition pig manure, comprising the following steps: (1) prepared by bio-fermentation agent;(2) mixing;(3) compost fermentation;(4) ingredient;(5) secondary fermentation;(6) it crushes;(7) it is granulated;(8) it dries.The method provided by the invention for preparing organic fertilizer using microorganism decomposition pig manure, the organic fertilizer product prepared has both the effect of bio-organic fertilizer and marine alga fertilizer, fertilizer product is rich in seaweed functional active components and a large amount of probiotics, the balance of Soil Microorganism can effectively be adjusted, decompose the organic or inorganics ingredients such as organic matter, the minerals in soil, soil hardening, desertification, salinization caused by relying on chemical fertilizer abuse throughout the year etc. are eliminated, soil is effectively improved, improves crops production capacity.

Description

A method of organic fertilizer is prepared using microorganism decomposition pig manure
Technical field
The invention discloses a kind of methods for preparing organic fertilizer using microorganism decomposition pig manure.
Background technique
With the continuous development of China's animal husbandry, pig breeding industry obtains biggish progress, and China has become supporting for the whole world first Pig big country.According to State Statistics Bureau, the annual feeding live pig total amount in China (amount of delivering for sale and breeding stock) is had been at present 1000000000.The continuous development of pig breeding industry is gradually meeting the needs of people are growing to pork, but while development, It is faced with some the problem of becoming increasingly conspicuous.In recent years, large―scale hoggery gradually increases, and decentralized household is fewer and fewer, pig raising mode by Rural area free-ranging is changed into intensive pig production, and the food of pig is also changed into unified feed, the number of pig manure by the remaining swill of people Measure huge, excrement gets worse the pollution of environment.Feces of livestock and poultry causes the pollution of underground water, and content of microorganisms is exceeded, toxic Harmful substance seriously exceeds the endurance of environment;Meanwhile excrement to the pollution of air it is also obvious that ammonia, sulfur dioxide etc. have Evil gas increases;Moreover, feces of livestock and poultry causes the problems such as soil acidification, heavy-metal residual.12 planning of country, each place political affairs The environmental ecology plan of mansion year clearly proposes that reducing livestock and poultry feces discharges pollution to environment, it is indicated that using the discharge of control waste as Emphasis is grabbed.The pollution of feces of livestock and poultry how is effectively treated, develops a circular economy, is efficiently turned waste into wealth using feces of livestock and poultry, Have become China's economic development urgent problem.
It is a kind of organic fertilizer full of nutrition containing elements such as a large amount of nitrogen, phosphorus in pig manure.At present in the fertilizer of pig manure Change in application, technique mainly has convection drying, Natural compost and microbial inoculant fermentation etc..Microbial inoculant fermentation be It by addition functional microorganism on the basis of compost, is bred rapidly using beneficial microorganism and replaces indigenous microorganism, adjust heap Fertile Bacterial community improves beneficial microbe activity, by the way that mutually synergistic effect forms complicated stable ecology between each strain System.Its advantage is that can the organic materials such as fast decoupled excrement and stalk and generate thermal energy, increase organic materials temperature rapidly, Inhibit or kill harmful microorganism, improves decomposed degree, prepare biological organic fertilizer truly.But current microorganism connects That there are still foul odours in the application of pig manure Fertilizer Transformed is serious for kind of agent zymotechnique, heavy-metal residual is high, decomposed degree is low, fermentation The drawbacks such as period length.
Summary of the invention
Place in order to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention, which provides, a kind of prepares organic fertilizer using microorganism decomposition pig manure Method, technological resources producing level is high for this, is easy to large-scale industrial production, helps to realize pig breeding waste recycling Utilize, solve presently, there are the pollution of pig breeding environment and short two hang-ups of highly effective biological organic fertilizer.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A method of organic fertilizer is prepared using microorganism decomposition pig manure, comprising the following steps:
(1) bio-fermentation agent prepare: take 12~14 parts of adsorbents, 6~8 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 10~13 parts of fermented bean dregs, 16~18 parts of rice brans, 16~18 portions of corn flour, 6~8 parts of rape cakes, 16~18 parts of wheat brans, 4~6 parts of EM bacteria agents, 3~5 parts of black songs It is mould, it is mixed evenly;Then moisture is adjusted at 40~45%, 30 DEG C~33 DEG C with the aqueous solution containing 3-5% molasses 10~12d of anaerobic fermentation;The adsorbent is one or more of zeolite, active carbon, bentonite, vermiculite;
(2) mixing: 70~80 parts of pig manure, 30~50 parts of stalk, 10~15 parts of turf, wormcast 20~30 in mass ratio 3~5 parts of part, 5~8 parts of bio-fermentation agent, cellulase ratios are uniformly mixed, and adjust moisture with the aqueous solution of the molasses containing 3-5% To 40~45%;The stalk is one or more of straw, wheat stalk, corn stover, green grass;
(3) compost fermentation: by mixed mixture compost 12~15d of spontaneous fermentation, periodic agitation;
(4) after compost fermentation, 20~30% seaweed of mass ratio, 10~15% alcohol active muds, 4 ingredient: is added ~6% lactic acid bacteria powder, 3~5% bacillus subtilis powders, 3~5% bacillus licheniformis powder are uniformly mixed, with containing 3-5% sugar Mulse solution adjusts moisture to 40%~50%;The seaweed refers to one or more of kelp, Enteromorpha, sea lettuce etc.;
(5) secondary fermentation: 35~38 DEG C of 5~7d of compost fermentation of temperature control;
(6) it crushes: the material for completing secondary fermentation being crushed using semi-moist materials crusher, smashing fineness will reach 30~40 mesh;
(7) it is granulated: fermented and smashed material being delivered to granulating disc and carries out disc granulation;
(8) dry: by after granulation bio-organic fertilizer carry out drying and processing, water content 15~17% up to fertilizer at Product.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: the present invention is organic using multiple-microorganism composite anaerobic fermentation pig manure production high-performance bio Fertilizer can effectively adsorb NH by the strong suction-operated of physical absorbent first in pig manure mixed process3、H2S、CH4 Deng more than 10 kinds of foul gas, then by the fermentation of microorganism, be deodorized pig manure in the form of dehydrogenation, deodorizing effect compared with It is good;The auxiliary materials such as stalk, turf, wormcast are added in During High-Temperature Composting fermentation process, test result shows NH in pig manure3Removal Rate is greater than 95.71%, H2The removal rate of S is greater than 96.45%, is respectively increased compared with control group (direct microbial inoculant fermentation) 94.51%, 141.36%, difference reaches extremely significant horizontal (P < 0.01), effectively realizes pig manure fermentative deodorizing and guarantor The purpose of nitrogen;Pig manure is decomposed quickly sufficiently, when fermenting between when reaching the 10th day seed germination index be 88.2%, compared with control group 17 days in advance, show that the present invention slows down fermentation time, advantageously reduce production cost, promotes industrialized production;Two-step fermentation It is added to seaweed in the process, the effect of product has both bio-organic fertilizer and marine alga fertilizer, fertilizer efficiency is good.Utilization provided by the invention The method that microorganism decomposition pig manure prepares organic fertilizer, the organic fertilizer product prepared have both bio-organic fertilizer and marine alga fertilizer Effect, fertilizer product are rich in seaweed functional active components and a large amount of probiotics, can effectively adjust the balance of Soil Microorganism, point The organic or inorganics ingredients such as organic matter, the minerals in soil are solved, soil hardening, sand caused by relying on chemical fertilizer abuse throughout the year are eliminated Change, salinization etc. are effectively improved soil, improve crops production capacity;Furthermore product is full of nutrition, and the nutrient action period is long, has and changes Good crop quality improves the special efficacy of crop anti-adversity, is a kind of excellent soil conditioner and crop growth accelerant, is Develop the ideal fertilizer of green ecological agricultural.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention will be described in detail, herein illustrative examples and explanation of the invention For explaining the present invention, but it is not as a limitation of the invention.
Embodiment 1
A method of organic fertilizer is prepared using microorganism decomposition pig manure, comprising the following steps:
(1) prepared by bio-fermentation agent: taking 12 parts of adsorbents, 6 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 10 parts of fermented bean dregs, 16 parts of rice brans, 16 Part corn flour, 6 parts of rape cakes, 16 parts of wheat brans, 4 parts of EM bacteria agents, 3 parts of aspergillus nigers, are mixed evenly;Then with sugared containing 3% Moisture is adjusted to 40% by the aqueous solution of honey, anaerobic fermentation 10d at 30 DEG C;Adsorbent is zeolite, active carbon, bentonite, vermiculite One or more of;
(2) mixing: in mass ratio 70 parts of pig manure, 30 parts of stalk, 10 parts of turf, 20 parts of wormcast, 5 parts of bio-fermentation agent, 3 parts of ratios of cellulase are uniformly mixed, and adjust moisture to 40% with the aqueous solution containing 3% molasses;Stalk is straw, Wheat Straw One or more of stalk, corn stover, green grass;
(3) compost fermentation: by mixed mixture compost spontaneous fermentation 12d, periodic agitation;
(4) after compost fermentation, 20% seaweed of mass ratio, 10% alcohol active mud, 4% lactic acid bacteria ingredient: is added Powder, 3% bacillus subtilis powder, 3% bacillus licheniformis powder are uniformly mixed, and adjust moisture extremely with containing 3% molasses aqueous solution 40%;Seaweed refers to one or more of kelp, Enteromorpha, sea lettuce etc.;
(5) secondary fermentation: 35 DEG C of compost fermentation 5d of temperature control;
(6) it crushes: the material for completing secondary fermentation being crushed using semi-moist materials crusher, smashing fineness will reach 30 mesh;
(7) it is granulated: fermented and smashed material being delivered to granulating disc and carries out disc granulation;
(8) it dries: the bio-organic fertilizer after granulation being subjected to drying and processing, water content is 15% up to fertilizer finished product.
Embodiment 2
A method of organic fertilizer is prepared using microorganism decomposition pig manure, comprising the following steps:
(1) prepared by bio-fermentation agent: taking 14 parts of adsorbents, 8 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 13 parts of fermented bean dregs, 18 parts of rice brans, 18 Part corn flour, 8 parts of rape cakes, 18 parts of wheat brans, 6 parts of EM bacteria agents, 5 parts of aspergillus nigers, are mixed evenly;Then with sugared containing 5% Moisture is adjusted to 45% by the aqueous solution of honey, anaerobic fermentation 12d at 33 DEG C;Adsorbent is zeolite, active carbon, bentonite, vermiculite One or more of;
(2) mixing: in mass ratio 80 parts of pig manure, 50 parts of stalk, 15 parts of turf, 30 parts of wormcast, 8 parts of bio-fermentation agent, 5 parts of ratios of cellulase are uniformly mixed, and adjust moisture to 45% with the aqueous solution containing 5% molasses;Stalk is straw, Wheat Straw One or more of stalk, corn stover, green grass;
(3) compost fermentation: by mixed mixture compost spontaneous fermentation 15d, periodic agitation;
(4) after compost fermentation, 30% seaweed of mass ratio, 15% alcohol active mud, 6% lactic acid bacteria ingredient: is added Powder, 5% bacillus subtilis powder, 5% bacillus licheniformis powder are uniformly mixed, and adjust moisture extremely with containing 5% molasses aqueous solution 50%;Seaweed refers to one or more of kelp, Enteromorpha, sea lettuce etc.;
(5) secondary fermentation: 38 DEG C of compost fermentation 7d of temperature control;
(6) it crushes: the material for completing secondary fermentation being crushed using semi-moist materials crusher, smashing fineness will reach 40 mesh;
(7) it is granulated: fermented and smashed material being delivered to granulating disc and carries out disc granulation;
(8) it dries: the bio-organic fertilizer after granulation being subjected to drying and processing, water content is 17% up to fertilizer finished product.
Embodiment 3
A method of organic fertilizer is prepared using microorganism decomposition pig manure, comprising the following steps:
(1) prepared by bio-fermentation agent: taking 13 parts of adsorbents, 7 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 12 parts of fermented bean dregs, 17 parts of rice brans, 17 Part corn flour, 7 parts of rape cakes, 17 parts of wheat brans, 5 parts of EM bacteria agents, 4 parts of aspergillus nigers, are mixed evenly;Then with sugared containing 4% Moisture is adjusted to 43% by the aqueous solution of honey, anaerobic fermentation 11d at 31 DEG C;Adsorbent is zeolite, active carbon, bentonite, vermiculite One or more of;
(2) mixing: in mass ratio 75 parts of pig manure, 40 parts of stalk, 13 parts of turf, 25 parts of wormcast, 7 parts of bio-fermentation agent, 4 parts of ratios of cellulase are uniformly mixed, and adjust moisture to 43% with the aqueous solution containing 4% molasses;Stalk is straw, Wheat Straw One or more of stalk, corn stover, green grass;
(3) compost fermentation: by mixed mixture compost spontaneous fermentation 13d, periodic agitation;
(4) after compost fermentation, 25% seaweed of mass ratio, 13% alcohol active mud, 5% lactic acid bacteria ingredient: is added Powder, 4% bacillus subtilis powder, 4% bacillus licheniformis powder are uniformly mixed, and adjust moisture extremely with containing 4% molasses aqueous solution 45%;Seaweed refers to one or more of kelp, Enteromorpha, sea lettuce etc.;
(5) secondary fermentation: 36 DEG C of compost fermentation 6d of temperature control;
(6) it crushes: the material for completing secondary fermentation being crushed using semi-moist materials crusher, smashing fineness will reach 35 mesh;
(7) it is granulated: fermented and smashed material being delivered to granulating disc and carries out disc granulation;
(8) it dries: the bio-organic fertilizer after granulation being subjected to drying and processing, water content is 16% up to fertilizer finished product.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of method for preparing organic fertilizer using microorganism decomposition pig manure, which comprises the following steps:
(1) bio-fermentation agent prepare: take 12~14 parts of adsorbents, 6~8 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 10~13 parts of fermented bean dregs, 16~ 18 parts of rice brans, 16~18 portions of corn flour, 6~8 parts of rape cakes, 16~18 parts of wheat brans, 4~6 parts of EM bacteria agents, 3~5 parts of aspergillus nigers, It is mixed evenly;Then moisture is adjusted to anaerobism at 40~45%, 30 DEG C~33 DEG C with the aqueous solution containing 3-5% molasses Ferment 10~12d;The adsorbent is one or more of zeolite, active carbon, bentonite, vermiculite;
(2) mixing: 70~80 parts of pig manure, 30~50 parts of stalk, 10~15 parts of turf, 20~30 parts of wormcast, life in mass ratio 3~5 parts of 5~8 parts of object leavening, cellulase ratios are uniformly mixed, with the aqueous solutions of the molasses containing 3-5% adjust moisture to 40~ 45%;The stalk is one or more of straw, wheat stalk, corn stover, green grass;
(3) compost fermentation: by mixed mixture compost 12~15d of spontaneous fermentation, periodic agitation;
(4) after compost fermentation, 20~30% seaweed of mass ratio, 10~15% alcohol active muds, 4~6% ingredient: is added Lactic acid bacteria powder, 3~5% bacillus subtilis powders, 3~5% bacillus licheniformis powder are uniformly mixed, water-soluble with molasses containing 3-5% Liquid adjusts moisture to 40%~50%;The seaweed refers to one or more of kelp, Enteromorpha, sea lettuce etc.;
(5) secondary fermentation: 35~38 DEG C of 5~7d of compost fermentation of temperature control;
(6) it crushing: the material for completing secondary fermentation being crushed using semi-moist materials crusher, smashing fineness will reach 30~ 40 mesh;
(7) it is granulated: fermented and smashed material being delivered to granulating disc and carries out disc granulation;
(8) it dries: the bio-organic fertilizer after granulation being subjected to drying and processing, water content is 15~17% up to fertilizer finished product.
CN201710455377.XA 2017-06-16 2017-06-16 A method of organic fertilizer is prepared using microorganism decomposition pig manure Withdrawn CN109134008A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109699439A (en) * 2019-02-26 2019-05-03 沈阳丰恒泰农业科技有限公司 A kind of graininess cultivation matrix and the preparation method and application thereof
CN110156515A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-08-23 云南联展科技有限公司 A kind of biological material and its preparation process using organic microbial fermentation
WO2021022341A1 (en) * 2019-08-08 2021-02-11 Commonwealth Scientific And Industrial Research Organisation Methods for producing treated manure

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109699439A (en) * 2019-02-26 2019-05-03 沈阳丰恒泰农业科技有限公司 A kind of graininess cultivation matrix and the preparation method and application thereof
CN110156515A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-08-23 云南联展科技有限公司 A kind of biological material and its preparation process using organic microbial fermentation
WO2021022341A1 (en) * 2019-08-08 2021-02-11 Commonwealth Scientific And Industrial Research Organisation Methods for producing treated manure

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Application publication date: 20190104