CN101416610B - Pigpen fermentation bed and use thereof - Google Patents

Pigpen fermentation bed and use thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101416610B
CN101416610B CN2008101154834A CN200810115483A CN101416610B CN 101416610 B CN101416610 B CN 101416610B CN 2008101154834 A CN2008101154834 A CN 2008101154834A CN 200810115483 A CN200810115483 A CN 200810115483A CN 101416610 B CN101416610 B CN 101416610B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
padding
bedding
pig
cfu
fermentation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN2008101154834A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101416610A (en
Inventor
彭生平
李季
高小弟
康文力
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Agricultural University
Original Assignee
李季
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 李季 filed Critical 李季
Priority to CN2008101154834A priority Critical patent/CN101416610B/en
Publication of CN101416610A publication Critical patent/CN101416610A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101416610B publication Critical patent/CN101416610B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The present invention relates to a fermentation bed for pigsty, comprising a groove for storing bedding materials, wherein the bedding materials formed by fermenting organic materials are laid in the groove. Using the fermenting bed to raise pigs can digest and decompose excrement such as feces and urine quickly, such that no flushing and no smell for the pigsty are in result by proper managementand maintenance. The influence to the environment and residents around farms are greatly eased and the economic benefit is raised obviously.

Description

A kind of pig house fermentation bed and application thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to the livestock and poultry cultivation technology, specifically a kind of pig house fermentation bed the invention still further relates to its application in raising pigs.
Technical background
Developing rapidly of scale animal and poultry cultivation industry caused serious pollution to environment in recent years.2006 data show that it is 2,400,000,000 tons that national feces of livestock and poultry year produces total amount, surpassed the generation of industrial solid wastes then, culture ight soil and enter the water body turnover rate up to 25-30%, in some areas, livestock and poultry breeding industry becomes the pollution source of local water body maximum just gradually.Country has polluted the control livestock and poultry cultivation as Important Project and has included " the moderately well-off environmental action plan in 11th Five-Year rural area " in, and furnishes a huge amount of money for to help the livestock and poultry dung recovery utilization, to improve rural environment.
The dirty treatment technology of present various breed excrement, many simple absorption urban sewage or technology of garbage disposal and technology, one-time investment is big, the cost height, operation is complicated, and effect is unsatisfactory, presses for to set up the dirty treatment technology of novel low cost, resources conservation and eco-friendly breed excrement.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to, problems such as treatment technology lack, treatment facility cost height and weak effect big, a kind of pig house fermentation bed is provided at the dirty generation of conventional piggery excrement.
The present invention's bed that ferments comprises and in the bedding and padding groove bedding and padding is housed by the bedding and padding groove that described bedding and padding are to be obtained through fermentation process by organic materials.
Above-mentioned bedding and padding specifically can prepare by the following method:
1) preparation fermentation raw material, making its C/N ratio is 40: 1~60: 1, moisture 45~50%, particle diameter is 0.32~1.27cm, pH value 6.5~7.5, the C/P ratio is 75~150: 1;
2) in fermentation materials, add fermenting agent by weight 1~2 ‰, carry out fermentation reactor system.Through 7~10 days fermentation process, heap temperature began to descend, and showed that fermentation process finishes substantially, and bedding and padding can be gone into the bedding and padding groove, constitute the fermentation bed.
Wherein, the method that step 1) prepares fermentation raw material can be: with wood chip, rice husk, crushing straw, in mushroom residue or the furfural dregs one or more are major ingredient, add suitable auxiliary material, making its C/N ratio is 40: 1~60: 1, moisture 45~50%, pH value 6.5~7.5, the C/P ratio is 75~150: 1, wherein said auxiliary material is selected from pig manure, rice bran, wheat bran, the peat composed of rotten mosses, quicklime, superphosphate, rock phosphate, in brown sugar or the molasses one or more, rice bran wherein, wheat bran, the peat composed of rotten mosses can be used for regulating C/N ratio, quicklime can be used to regulate pH, superphosphate, rock phosphate can be used to regulate C/P ratio, rice bran, wheat bran, the peat composed of rotten mosses can be used to regulate permeability.Normal conditions, major ingredient account for more than 70% (weight) of fermentation materials, and auxiliary material then is no more than 30%.
Wherein, step 2) described fermenting agent can adopt existing conventional compost fermentation microbial inoculum, preferably contains: saccharomyces cerevisiae (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) 5.0 * 10 8~1.0 * 10 10Cfu/mL, Lactobacillus plantarum (lactobacillus plantarum) 5.0 * 10 8~1.0 * 10 10Cfu/mL, Mucor racemosus (Mucor racemosus) 1.0 * 10 2~5.0 * 10 4Cfu/mL, aspergillus oryzae (Aspergillus oryzae) 1.0 * 10 3~5.0 * 10 4Cfu/mL.(its preparation method can referring to CN 1966664A)
Fermentation plant or fermentation canopy can be built up in the bedding and padding fabricating yard.Southern area is selected fermentation plant formula structure for use, is beneficial to ventilatedly, and northern area is selected fermentation canopy formula structure for use, is convenient to Winter protection.
Fermentation of the present invention bed, it also further comprises the blow vent that is positioned at bedding and padding groove exterior bottom double as sepage outlet, at ordinary times as ventilation hole, to regulate the improper moisture that causes excessive when bedding and padding moisture, or during accident such as colony house generation evaporating, emitting, dripping or leaking of liquid or gas, as penetrating passage.And pig house can also be provided with bedding and padding and import and export, and is positioned at the outside of pig house, is convenient to the turnover and the cleaning of bedding and padding.
Above-mentioned bedding and padding groove is advisable to account for pig house area 65~75%, and its degree of depth is advisable to be lower than hard place platform 50~80cm.
The present invention also provides a kind of method of above-mentioned fermentation bed of safeguarding to relate to permeability management, moisture adjusting, additional, the thin soil pipe reason of bedding and padding, mend bacterium, bedding and padding renewal several links.Specifically comprise:
1) bedding and padding permeability management
The long-term permeability that keeps bedding and padding, promptly the oxygen content in the bedding and padding maintains normal level all the time, is that the fermentation bed keeps one of key factor of higher fecaluria capacity of decomposition, also is simultaneously to suppress the pathogeny microbial reproduction, reduces the important means that disease takes place.Usually mode is often stirred bedding and padding exactly, to stir degree of depth child care pig be 15~20cm, breed pig 25~35cm, can bedding and padding be turned over evenly in conjunction with thin excrement or moisturizing, (50~60 days) will be stirred bedding and padding once completely in addition at set intervals, and padding layer will be mixed up and down;
2) moisture is regulated
Because the volatilizing naturally of bedding and padding moisture in the fermentation bed, the bedding and padding moisture can reduce gradually, but after bedding and padding moisture dropped to certain level, the breeding of microorganism will be obstructed or stop.Regularly keep the skin wet according to the bedding and padding water regime, be to keep the bedding and padding microorganism normally to breed, keep another key factor of bedding and padding fecaluria capacity of decomposition, the moisture that bedding and padding are suitable is generally 38~45%, water supplementing method can adopt and add the wet spray moisturizing, also can moisturizing when mending bacterium;
3) dredge the soil pipe reason
The child care pig carried out once dredging the soil pipe reason in 2~3 days, in big pig carried out once dredging the soil pipe reason in per 1~2 day;
4) mend bacterium
After fermentation inoculation microbial inoculum (the same) is accomplished once in a week, presses 0.3 of bedding and padding amount~0.5 ‰ and replenishes, and mends bacterium and can and dredge the soil pipe reason and carry out in conjunction with the moisture adjusting;
5) bedding and padding replenish and upgrade
The bedding and padding volume reduces by 10% back and in time replenishes, and the virgin material that replenishes will mix with the bedding and padding on the fermentation bed, and regulates moisture; After bedding and padding C/N is less than 20, bedding and padding all must be gone out clearly from the bedding and padding groove, be replaced with new bedding and padding.
The present invention also provides a kind of above-mentioned method of stating fermentation bed to raise pig of using, and comprising:
1) stocking density
Child care pig: 0.3~0.7m 2/ head is bred pig: 0.7~1.5m 2/ head;
2) bedding and padding sterilization
When pig is jumped, after perhaps breeding pig and delivering for sale, bedding and padding are taked the disinfection of heap fermentation mode.The bedding and padding disinfectant method is to sprinkle fresh wood chip or powder of straw or rice bran on the bedding and padding surface, spray an amount of fermenting agent, mix and regulate the accumulation of putting together behind moisture to 40~50%, keep after heap temperature rises to more than 50 ℃ getting final product in 24 hours, wherein said fermenting agent is identical with above-mentioned fermenting agent;
3) management in midsummer
The management of fermentation in midsummer bed is noted: gradually reduce the rate of water make-up of bedding and padding, allow bedding and padding moisture progressively control to about 38%, avoid fermentation to produce high temperature and high humidity; With the bedding and padding appropriate compacting, reduce the oxygen content in the bedding and padding; Strengthen the benefit bacterium amount that bacterium amount, particularly fecaluria are concentrated the discharge area of mending;
4) composite microbial feed additive of feeding
Add in the feed in following ratio: the child care pig: 1~1.2 ‰, breed pig: 1.2~1.5 ‰
Or drink for pig after diluting 400~500 times, take the mode of regularly drinking every day, once a day;
Wherein said additive for microbe feedstuff contains: saccharomyces cerevisiae (Saccharomycescerevisiae) 1.0 * 10 8~5.0 * 10 9Cfu/mL, Lactobacillus plantarum (Lactobacillusplantarum) 1.0 * 10 8~5.0 * 10 10Cfu/mL, Lactobacillus casei cheese subspecies (Lactobacillus casei subsp.casei) 1.0 * 10 8~4.0 * 10 10Cfu/mL.(its preparation method can referring to CN 1965674A)
Using fermentation bed of the present invention raises pigs, excreta such as digest and decompose fecaluria fast, by appropriate managerial and maintenance, can realize purpose according to pig house (hurdle, circle) flushing-free, free from extraneous odour, not only alleviated the influence of plant greatly, can also significantly improve economic benefit surrounding environment and resident.
Embodiment
Following examples further specify content of the present invention, but should not be construed as limitation of the present invention.Without departing from the spirit and substance of the case in the present invention, modification or replacement to the inventive method, step or condition are done all belong to scope of the present invention.
If do not specialize the conventional means that used technological means is well known to those skilled in the art among the embodiment.
Adopt the colony house of fermentation bed to raise pig except the fence of indispensability, crib, drinking device, damping device, operating walk way etc., increased also that bedding and padding groove, bedding and padding, bedding and padding are imported and exported newly, bedding and padding sepage and blow vent etc.
1, the structure of fermentation bed:
1) the bedding and padding groove becomes to be lower than the latent groove of hard place platform 50~80cm with 65~75% area construction in the hutch (or transformation), and promptly the bedding and padding groove is used to deposit the bedding and padding of raising pigs;
2) bedding and padding carry out fermentation process with organic matters such as wood chip, powder of straw, rice bran, pig manures, fill up the bedding and padding groove after reaching innoxious index, as the gasket materials of raising pigs.Bedding and padding height child care pig 40~50cm, breed pig 60~80cm;
3) bedding and padding are imported and exported the outside that is positioned at pig house, are convenient to the turnover and the cleaning of bedding and padding;
4) bedding and padding sepage and blow vent are positioned at bedding and padding groove exterior bottom, and at ordinary times as ventilation hole, to regulate the improper moisture that causes excessive when bedding and padding moisture, or during accident such as colony house generation evaporating, emitting, dripping or leaking of liquid or gas, as penetrating passage.
2, the making of bedding and padding
With in wood chip, rice husk, crushing straw, mushroom residue or the furfural dregs one or more is major ingredient, add suitable auxiliary material, making its C/N ratio is 40: 1~60: 1, moisture 45~50%, pH value 6.5~7.5, the C/P ratio is 75~150: 1, add 1~2 ‰ fermenting agent by weight, wherein said auxiliary material is selected from one or more in pig manure, rice bran, wheat bran, the peat composed of rotten mosses, quicklime, superphosphate, rock phosphate, brown sugar or the molasses, and wherein fermenting agent contains: saccharomyces cerevisiae (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) 5.0 * 10 8~1.0 * 10 10Cfu/mL, Lactobacillus plantarum (lactobacillus plantarum) 5.0 * 10 8~1.0 * 10 10Cfu/mL, Mucor racemosus (Mucorracemosus) 1.0 * 10 2~5.0 * 10 4Cfu/mL, aspergillus oryzae (Aspergillus oryzae) 1.0 * 10 3~5.0 * 10 4Cfu/mL.
Through 7-10 days fermentation process, heap temperature began to descend in the fermentation place, showed that fermentation process finishes substantially.Concrete criterion is:
1, C/N drops to below 30
2, heap temperature drops to below 40 ℃
3, living bacteria count reach 200,000,000/gram more than
4, the colibacillus of excrement number 100/gram below
5, induced worm egg death rate is more than 98%
6, moisture is below 40%
7, the pH value is about 7.2
Be preferred embodiment below:
The formation of embodiment 1 pig house fermentation bed
Adopt the colony house of fermentation bed to raise pig except the fence of indispensability, crib, drinking device, damping device, operating walk way etc., increased also that bedding and padding groove, bedding and padding, bedding and padding are imported and exported newly, bedding and padding sepage and blow vent etc.
1, the structure of fermentation bed:
1) the bedding and padding groove becomes to be lower than the latent groove of hard place platform 50~80cm with 65~75% area construction in the hutch (or transformation), and promptly the bedding and padding groove is used to deposit the bedding and padding of raising pigs;
2) bedding and padding carry out fermentation process with organic matters such as wood chip, powder of straw, rice bran, pig manures, fill up the bedding and padding groove after reaching innoxious index, as the gasket materials of raising pigs.Bedding and padding height child care pig 40~50cm, breed pig 60~80cm;
3) bedding and padding are imported and exported the outside that is positioned at pig house, are convenient to the turnover and the cleaning of bedding and padding;
4) bedding and padding sepage and blow vent are positioned at bedding and padding groove exterior bottom, and at ordinary times as ventilation hole, to regulate the improper moisture that causes excessive when bedding and padding moisture, or during accident such as colony house generation evaporating, emitting, dripping or leaking of liquid or gas, as penetrating passage.
2, the making of bedding and padding
Raw material is by weight: pig manure 20% wood chip 60% powder of straw 20% brown sugar 0.1% fermenting agent 0.1%
Wherein, fermenting agent contains saccharomyces cerevisiae 1.60 * 10 9Cfu/mL, Lactobacillus plantarum 1.5 * 10 9Cfu/mL, Mucor racemosus 1.0 * 10 3Cfu/mL, aspergillus oryzae 6.2 * 10 3Cfu/mL.
The preparation method:
Above-mentioned raw materials is mixed, and regulating C/N ratio (C/N) is about 50: 1, and moisture is about 45%, and particle diameter (diameter is in cm) is 0.32~1.27, and pH is 7, and C/P is 110: 1.
Through 7-10 days fermentation process, heap temperature began to descend in the fermentation place, showed that fermentation process finishes substantially.After testing:
1, C/N drops to below 30
2, heap temperature drops to below 40 ℃
3, living bacteria count reach 200,000,000/gram more than
4, the colibacillus of excrement number 100/gram below
5, induced worm egg death rate is more than 98%
6, moisture is below 40%
7, the pH value is about 7.2
The formation of embodiment 2 fermentation beds
The preparation method of the structure of fermentation bed and bedding and padding is identical with example 1 in this example, but adopts following different organic materials to make bedding and padding: (please provide different raw materials and be used for preparing fermentation) scheme 1:
800 kilograms of wood chips
200 kilograms of pig manures
1 liter of fermenting agent
1 kilogram in brown sugar
Scheme 2:
500 kilograms of wood chips
300 kilograms of powder of straw
200 kilograms of pig manures
1 liter of fermenting agent
1 kilogram in molasses
Scheme 3:
700 kilograms of wood chips
300 kilograms of powder of straw
1 liter of fermenting agent
1 kilogram in brown sugar or molasses
The fermentation bed to raise pig of piggery, embodiment 3 Beijing
With piggery, Beijing is example, and this delivers 5000 market pig scales for sale for year, adopts the fermentation bed of embodiment 1 to raise pigs, and Managed Solution comprises:
1) stocking density
Child care pig: 0.3~0.7m 2/ head is bred pig: 0.7~1.5m 2/ head;
2) bedding and padding sterilization
When pig is jumped, after perhaps breeding pig and delivering for sale, with the bedding and padding disinfection.The bedding and padding disinfectant method is to sprinkle fresh wood chip or powder of straw or rice bran on the bedding and padding surface, spray an amount of fermenting agent, the accumulation of putting together after mixing and regulate about moisture to 45%, keep after heap temperature rises to more than 50 ℃ getting final product in 24 hours, wherein said fermenting agent is identical with above-mentioned fermenting agent;
3) management in midsummer
The management of fermentation in midsummer bed is noted: gradually reduce the rate of water make-up of bedding and padding, allow bedding and padding moisture progressively control to about 38%, avoid fermentation to produce high temperature and high humidity; With the bedding and padding appropriate compacting, reduce the oxygen content in the bedding and padding; Strengthen the benefit bacterium amount that bacterium amount, particularly fecaluria are concentrated the discharge area of mending;
4) composite microbial feed additive of feeding
Add in the feed in following ratio (weight): the child care pig: 1~1.2 ‰, breed pig: 1.2~1.5 ‰.
Wherein said additive for microbe feedstuff contains: saccharomyces cerevisiae 8.0 * 10 8Cfu/mL, Lactobacillus plantarum 1.0 * 10 9Cfu/mL, Lactobacillus casei cheese subspecies 2.1 * 10 9Cfu/mL.
The maintenance scheme of fermentation bed comprises:
1) bedding and padding permeability management
Bedding and padding are often stirred (1 time/2 days), to stir degree of depth child care pig be 15~20cm, breed pig 25~35cm, in conjunction with thin excrement or moisturizing bedding and padding are turned over evenly, (50~60 days) are stirred bedding and padding once completely in addition at set intervals, and padding layer is mixed up and down;
2) moisture is regulated
Moisture is maintained 38~45%, and water supplementing method adopts and to add the wet spray moisturizing, or moisturizing when mending bacterium;
3) dredge the soil pipe reason
The child care pig carried out once dredging the soil pipe reason in 2~3 days, in big pig carried out once dredging the soil pipe reason in per 1~2 day;
4) mend bacterium
After fermentation inoculation microbial inoculum (the same) is accomplished once in a week, presses 0.3 of bedding and padding amount~0.5 ‰ and replenishes, and the benefit bacterium is regulated and dredges the soil pipe reason and carries out in conjunction with moisture;
5) bedding and padding replenish and upgrade
Bedding and padding volume minimizing 10% back in time replenishes, and the bedding and padding on virgin material that replenishes and the fermentation bed mix, and regulate moisture; After bedding and padding C/N is less than 20, bedding and padding are all gone out clearly from the bedding and padding groove, be replaced with new bedding and padding.
Implementation result:
By ten thousand calculating, after transforming, fatten the cycle (146 days) for one and reduce about 7500 tons fecaluria discharging, be equivalent to reduce BOD 5260 tons, COD Cr266 tons, NH 345 tons of-N20 ton, 17 tons of TP and TN.Alleviated the influence of plant thus greatly to surrounding environment and resident.
From Economic and Efficiency Analysis, fatten computation of Period with one of 10,000 pig, save 300,000 yuan of medications, save 50,000 yuan in feed, reduce 20,000 yuan of energy consumption costs, increase by 90,000 yuan of fertilizer incomes, add up to 460,000 yuan of direct economic benefits.Remove bedding and padding and pig house and transform about 300,000 yuan, and consider factors such as reducing lethality, raising product quality, this environment-friendly engineering has fairly obvious economic benefit.
In addition, can solve the long-term pollution control problem that perplexs China's aquaculture after this project implementation, save the colony house irrigation and disinfection water more than 90% simultaneously.
The fermentation bed to raise pig of piggery, embodiment 4 Hangzhou
With the pig farm, Hangzhou is example, and this delivers 50,000 market pig scales for sale for year, because the dirty discharge capacity of excrement is big, surrounding enviroment has been caused have a strong impact on before, and the fermentation bed that adopts embodiment 2 schemes 2 to make is raised pigs, and other Managed Solution is with embodiment 3.
Implementation result:
By ten thousand calculating, after transforming, fatten the cycle (146 days) for one and reduce about 7600 tons fecaluria discharging, be equivalent to reduce BOD 5270 tons, COD Cr276 tons, NH 346 tons of 18 tons of 22 tons of-N, TP and TN.Alleviated the influence of plant thus greatly to surrounding environment and resident.
From Economic and Efficiency Analysis, fatten computation of Period with one of 10,000 pig, save 200,000 yuan of medications, save 80,000 yuan in feed, reduce 20,000 yuan of energy consumption costs, increase by 200,000 yuan of fertilizer incomes, add up to 500,000 yuan of direct economic benefits.Remove bedding and padding and pig house and transform about 300,000 yuan, and consider factors such as reducing lethality, raising product quality, this environment-friendly engineering has fairly obvious economic benefit.
In addition, can solve the long-term pollution control problem that perplexs China's aquaculture after this project implementation, save the colony house irrigation and disinfection water more than 90% simultaneously.

Claims (9)

1. a pig house fermentation bed comprises the bedding and padding groove, it is characterized in that in the bedding and padding groove bedding and padding are housed, described bedding and padding are to be obtained through fermentation process by organic materials, and described bedding and padding prepare by the following method:
1) preparation fermentation raw material, making its C/N ratio is 40: 1~60: 1, moisture 45~50%, particle diameter is 0.32~1.27cm, pH value 6.5~7.5, the C/P ratio is 75~150: 1;
2) in fermentation materials, add fermenting agent by weight 1~2 ‰, carry out fermentation reactor system.
2. fermentation as claimed in claim 1 bed is characterized in that, wherein step 2) described fermenting agent contains: saccharomyces cerevisiae (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) 5.0 * 10 8~1.0 * 10 10Cfu/mL, Lactobacillus plantarum (lactobacillus plantarum) 5.0 * 10 8~1.0 * 10 10Cfu/mL, Mucor racemosus (Mucor racemosus) 1.0 * 10 2~5.0 * 10 4Cfu/mL, aspergillus oryzae (Aspergillus oryzae) 1.0 * 10 3~5.0 * 10 4Cfu/mL.
3. fermentation bed as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, wherein step 1) prepares the method for fermentation raw material and is: with in wood chip, rice husk, crushing straw, mushroom residue or the furfural dregs one or more is major ingredient, add suitable auxiliary material, making its C/N ratio is 40: 1~60: 1, moisture 45~50%, pH value 6.5~7.5, the C/P ratio is 75~150: 1, and wherein said auxiliary material is selected from one or more in pig manure, rice bran, wheat bran, the peat composed of rotten mosses, quicklime, superphosphate, rock phosphate, brown sugar or the molasses.
4. fermentation bed as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it also comprises the blow vent that is positioned at bedding and padding groove exterior bottom double as sepage outlet.
5. fermentation bed as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that the bedding and padding groove accounts for pig house area 65~75%, and it is lower than hard place platform 50~80cm.
6. each described fermentation bed application in raising pigs of claim 1~5.
7. the maintaining method of each described fermentation bed of claim 1~5 is characterized in that:
1) bedding and padding permeability management
In conjunction with thin excrement or moisturizing bedding and padding are turned over evenly, to stir degree of depth child care pig be 15~20cm, breed pig 25~35cm; Completely bedding and padding were stirred once every 50~60 days, and padding layer will be mixed up and down;
2) moisture is regulated
Regulate bedding and padding moisture, make its moisture maintain 38~45%;
3) dredge the soil pipe reason
The child care pig carried out once dredging the soil pipe reason in 2~3 days, in big pig carried out once dredging the soil pipe reason in per 1~2 day;
4) mend bacterium
Once in a week press 0.3 of bedding and padding amount~0.5 ‰ after fermentation microbial inoculums, described fermenting agent contains: saccharomyces cerevisiae (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) 5.0 * 10 8~1.0 * 10 10Cfu/mL, Lactobacillus plantarum (lactobacillus plantarum) 5.0 * 10 8~1.0 * 10 10Cfu/mL, Mucor racemosus (Mucor racemosus) 1.0 * 10 2~5.0 * 10 4Cfu/mL, aspergillus oryzae (Aspergillus oryzae) 1.0 * 10 3~5.0 * 10 4Cfu/mL;
5) bedding and padding replenish and upgrade
The bedding and padding volume reduces by 10% back and in time replenishes, and the virgin material that replenishes will mix with the bedding and padding on the fermentation bed, and regulates moisture; After the bedding and padding C/N ratio is less than 20, bedding and padding all must be gone out clearly from the bedding and padding groove, be replaced with new bedding and padding.
8. an application rights requires the method for 1~5 each described fermentation bed to raise pig, it is characterized in that:
1) stocking density
Child care pig: 0.3~0.7m 2/ head is bred pig: 0.7~1.5m 2/ head;
2) bedding and padding sterilization
When pig is jumped, after perhaps breeding pig and delivering for sale, bedding and padding are adopted the method disinfection of heap fermentation;
3) management in midsummer
When arriving midsummer, gradually reduce the rate of water make-up of bedding and padding, allow bedding and padding moisture progressively control to 35~38%, do not plough deeply bedding and padding during routine servicing, only top layer bedding and padding and fecaluria are mixed when dredging the soil pipe reason; To assist the cooling of exhaust ventilation or wet curtain or spray pattern simultaneously;
4) composite microbial feed additive of feeding
Add in the feed by following part by weight: the child care pig: 1~1.2 ‰, breed pig: 1.2~1.5 ‰
Or drink for pig after diluting 400~500 times, take the mode of regularly drinking every day, once a day;
Wherein said composite microbial feed additive contains: saccharomyces cerevisiae (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) 1.0 * 10 8~5.0 * 10 9Cfu/mL, Lactobacillus plantarum (Lactobacillus plantarum) 1.0 * 10 8~5.0 * 10 10Cfu/mL, Lactobacillus casei cheese subspecies (Lactobacillus casei subsp.casei) 1.0 * 10 8~4.0 * 10 10Cfu/mL.
9. method of raising pigs as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that, the bedding and padding disinfectant method is to sprinkle fresh wood chip or powder of straw or rice bran on the bedding and padding surface, spray an amount of fermenting agent, mix and regulate the accumulation of putting together behind moisture to 40~50%, keep after heap temperature rises to more than 50 ℃ getting final product in 24 hours, wherein said fermenting agent contains: saccharomyces cerevisiae (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) 5.0 * 10 8~1.0 * 10 10Cfu/mL, Lactobacillus plantarum (lactobacillus plantarum) 5.0 * 10 8~1.0 * 10 10Cfu/mL, Mucor racemosus (Mucor racemosus) 1.0 * 10 2~5.0 * 10 4Cfu/mL, aspergillus oryzae (Aspergillus oryzae) 1.0 * 10 3~5.0 * 10 4Cfu/mL.
CN2008101154834A 2008-06-24 2008-06-24 Pigpen fermentation bed and use thereof Active CN101416610B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008101154834A CN101416610B (en) 2008-06-24 2008-06-24 Pigpen fermentation bed and use thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008101154834A CN101416610B (en) 2008-06-24 2008-06-24 Pigpen fermentation bed and use thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101416610A CN101416610A (en) 2009-04-29
CN101416610B true CN101416610B (en) 2011-08-17

Family

ID=40627761

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2008101154834A Active CN101416610B (en) 2008-06-24 2008-06-24 Pigpen fermentation bed and use thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101416610B (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104293714A (en) * 2014-10-08 2015-01-21 金年吉 Bacterium generating agent and method for fermenting mushroom waste into feed by using bacterium generating agent

Families Citing this family (42)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101703033B (en) * 2009-12-09 2011-12-07 湖南省微生物研究所 Method for building pigsty fermentation bed
CN101965801A (en) * 2010-06-22 2011-02-09 镇江市天成畜禽有限公司 Pigsty cooling control technology in summer during ecological pannage in fermentation bed
CN102379246A (en) * 2010-08-31 2012-03-21 苟宪福 Formula of fermenting tank packing made of rape stalk, sawdust and effective microorganism (EM) stock solution
CN102379244A (en) * 2010-08-31 2012-03-21 苟宪福 Formula of fermenting tank packing made of linen stalk, sawdust and effective microorganism (EM) stock solution
CN102379245A (en) * 2010-08-31 2012-03-21 苟宪福 Formula of fermenting tank packing made of sunflower stalk, sawdust and effective microorganism (EM) stock solution
CN102617239B (en) * 2012-04-09 2013-11-06 北京林业大学 Compound type plant cultivation matrix and preparation method thereof
CN102792895B (en) * 2012-09-03 2013-12-18 山东省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Beef cattle fermentation bed and production method thereof
CN102884985B (en) * 2012-10-13 2014-04-30 安徽省向阳牧业有限责任公司 Pig fermenting bed
CN103053432B (en) * 2013-01-07 2014-07-23 湖南省微生物研究所 Fermenting bed bioactive padding and preparation and application methods thereof
CN103355179A (en) * 2013-04-18 2013-10-23 湖北宏全农牧有限公司 Biological environment-friendly zymogen bed and preparation method thereof
CN103355180A (en) * 2013-04-18 2013-10-23 湖北宏全农牧有限公司 Livestock breeding zymogen bed and preparation method thereof
CN103435387A (en) * 2013-08-17 2013-12-11 东瑞食品集团有限公司 Method for changing pen manure into solid cultivated soil
CN103609461B (en) * 2013-11-26 2015-02-25 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Mushroom dreg fermentation bed and manufacturing method thereof
CN103749315A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-04-30 叶树林 Pigpen cushion ring formula
CN103749314A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-04-30 叶树林 Pigpen cushion ring and use method thereof
CN103749382B (en) * 2014-01-03 2016-01-27 江苏省农业科学院 A kind of fermentation bed ecological pig-culturing method
CN103891674A (en) * 2014-04-17 2014-07-02 北京华牧伟业科技有限公司 Ecological cultivation method with health care fermented feed matched with probiotic fermentation bed
CN104285825B (en) * 2014-09-30 2016-01-20 青岛嘉瑞生物技术有限公司 A kind of recycling cow dung prepares the method for fermenting bed padding
CN104304040A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-28 安徽万利生态园林景观有限公司 Preparing method of novel and efficiently degrading pig house padding and padding bed of padding
CN104304046A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-28 安徽万利生态园林景观有限公司 Preparing method of novel pig house padding capable of improving food intake amount and padding bed of padding
CN104335912A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-02-11 安徽万利生态园林景观有限公司 Novel pig house pad materials with good economic benefits and preparation method of pig house pad bed
CN104351067B (en) * 2014-10-10 2016-11-23 安徽万利生态园林景观有限公司 A kind of novel fast well-fattened pig house bedding and padding and the preparation method of equalizing bed thereof
CN104304044A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-28 安徽万利生态园林景观有限公司 Preparing method of novel and high-nutrition pig house padding and padding bed of padding
CN104261919B (en) * 2014-10-10 2016-03-09 青岛嘉瑞生物技术有限公司 A kind of recycling cow manure produces the technique of highly effective biological organic fertilizer
CN104221885B (en) * 2014-10-10 2016-08-24 安徽万利生态园林景观有限公司 A kind of pig house equalizing bed having food calling effect
CN104396778B (en) * 2014-10-10 2016-12-07 安徽万利生态园林景观有限公司 The pig house bedding and padding of a kind of novel raising food-intake and the preparation method of equalizing bed thereof
CN105165637A (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-12-23 蚌埠龙达农业专业合作社 Pig farm site bedding and preparation method thereof
CN105766694B (en) * 2015-12-28 2019-04-12 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 A kind of aquatic bird cultivation Tiny ecosystem padding and preparation method thereof
CN105724318A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-07-06 浙江省农业科学院 Low-carbon nursery pig breeding method
CN106305487A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-01-11 山东省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Biological active padding material of fermentation bed for poultry, preparation method and application
CN106719069B (en) * 2016-11-24 2020-10-23 蚌埠翰邦知识产权服务有限公司 Chicken coop with fermentation bed
CN106719077B (en) * 2016-11-24 2020-11-20 刘祥 Method for raising chicken by using fermentation bed
CN106508691A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-03-22 蚌埠达福盛新广饲料有限公司 Pig fermentation mattress material for summer
CN107750966A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-03-06 北京昊业同宇科技有限公司 A kind of flushing-free ecological environmental protection pig house
CN109089909A (en) * 2018-09-20 2018-12-28 徐晓鑫 The environmental-friendly displacement full dose of one kind collects biological equalizing bed and preparation method thereof
CN109777757B (en) * 2019-02-22 2022-04-15 湖北金旭农业资源开发有限公司 Composite fermentation bed microbial inoculum and preparation method and application thereof
CN110050708A (en) * 2019-06-10 2019-07-26 刘坚 A kind of weanling pig growth fermenting equalizing bed padding and preparation method thereof
CN111034626B (en) * 2019-12-31 2021-09-10 宏业生物科技股份有限公司 Method for preparing cat litter by using biomass waste
CN111616056B (en) * 2020-06-19 2021-09-14 江西省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Method for removing peculiar smell in captive sheep house in winter
CN112136698A (en) * 2020-09-16 2020-12-29 湖南中闵思齐农牧科技有限公司 Method for manufacturing calf overwintering biological bedding material bed
CN112772425A (en) * 2021-02-05 2021-05-11 骆祥九 Manufacturing and management method of fermentation bed for cattle raising
CN115443910A (en) * 2022-09-14 2022-12-09 鄂州市乐猪农牧机械设备制造有限公司 Pig farm deodorization system of taking a breath and deodorizing device thereof

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4218233A (en) * 1976-08-09 1980-08-19 G. D. Searle & Co. Method for deodorizing poultry houses
CN2810171Y (en) * 2005-07-19 2006-08-30 吴达新 Zero-discharging environment-friendly pig shed with biological fermentation underlayer
CN1965674A (en) * 2006-05-12 2007-05-23 李季 Compound microbial feed additive, preparation process and use thereof
CN1966664A (en) * 2006-05-12 2007-05-23 李季 Composite microorganism bacteria agent for compost fermentation and its producing method and use

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4218233A (en) * 1976-08-09 1980-08-19 G. D. Searle & Co. Method for deodorizing poultry houses
CN2810171Y (en) * 2005-07-19 2006-08-30 吴达新 Zero-discharging environment-friendly pig shed with biological fermentation underlayer
CN1965674A (en) * 2006-05-12 2007-05-23 李季 Compound microbial feed additive, preparation process and use thereof
CN1966664A (en) * 2006-05-12 2007-05-23 李季 Composite microorganism bacteria agent for compost fermentation and its producing method and use

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104293714A (en) * 2014-10-08 2015-01-21 金年吉 Bacterium generating agent and method for fermenting mushroom waste into feed by using bacterium generating agent

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101416610A (en) 2009-04-29

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101416610B (en) Pigpen fermentation bed and use thereof
CN103918479B (en) Scale steer ration field waste comprehensive utilization process
CN102742544B (en) Low-carbon environment-friendly micro-ecological fermentation bed pig farming technology
CN106106372A (en) A kind of solid waste biologic treating technique based on vermiculture
CN101993182A (en) Livestock and poultry farm dung dirt biological fermentation treatment method and device
CN108046855A (en) A kind of hot fermentation is preposition to strengthen organic fertilizer production technique
CN103461149B (en) A kind of padding for biological fermentation bed and application thereof
CN104193426B (en) A kind of manure fermentation is dried the method and apparatus that a step completes
CN110407424A (en) A kind of dystopy fermentation bed processing animals and plants waste method
CN104798724A (en) Ecological pig breeding method and special hog house
CN102876421A (en) Method for preparing biomass fuel by taking cow dung as raw material
CN105075871A (en) Fermentation bed making method for cattle
CN104496578A (en) Technological process for improving saline land by using waterworks sludge composting fertilizer
CN102687678A (en) Biological fermentation bed and breeding method of gosling
CN108112541A (en) A kind of cultural method of livestock and poultry cultivation zero-emission
CN108976013A (en) Cow dung urinates integrated organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN109526762A (en) The cattle farm fermenting bed padding and preparation method thereof that after separating dry space from moist space prepared by cattle manure residue
CN104067984A (en) Balance pig raising method
CN206188669U (en) Quick compost reactor
CN108148790A (en) A kind of mixed bacteria, carrier and the method for livestock and poultry biology dejection degradation
CN106818632A (en) One boar and the stereo ecological fermenting bed raising method of chicken
CN110172006A (en) A kind of novel biological fertilizer and preparation method
CN106070053A (en) A kind of fermentation bed cowboying method
CN105519495A (en) Method for cultivating earthworms under pig house with elevated mesh beds
CN110178798A (en) A method of utilizing edible fungi residue breeding earthworm

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20151222

Address after: 100193, Room 203, West building, nuclear energy station, 2 West Old Summer Palace Road, Beijing, Haidian District

Patentee after: China Agricultural University

Address before: 100094 School of resources and environment, China Agricultural University, 2 West Old Summer Palace Road, Beijing, Haidian District

Patentee before: Li Ji