CN104798724A - Ecological pig breeding method and special hog house - Google Patents

Ecological pig breeding method and special hog house Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104798724A
CN104798724A CN201410033138.1A CN201410033138A CN104798724A CN 104798724 A CN104798724 A CN 104798724A CN 201410033138 A CN201410033138 A CN 201410033138A CN 104798724 A CN104798724 A CN 104798724A
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China
Prior art keywords
pig
padding
ecological
fermentation
fermentation tank
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CN201410033138.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙立霞
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Tianjin Yi Jia Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Tianjin Yi Jia Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410033138.1A priority Critical patent/CN104798724A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of the pig breeding technique and in particular relates to the ecological pig breeding method. An ecological fermenting bed is manufactured in a hog house; a fermenting trough is formed in the ecological fermenting bed; organic padding is arranged inside the fermenting trough; the raw material of the organic padding is divided into two layers; the bottom layer is made up of straws; the upper layer is composed of sawdust, rice husks, crude salt, EM (Effective Microorganisms) bacteria, brown sugar and water; the manufacturing method comprises the steps: 1, mixing sawdust, rick husks, crude salt, EM bacteria, brown sugar and water according to a mass ratio and uniformly mixing, thereby obtaining a crude material of the fermenting bed; 2, composting and fermenting the crude material of the fermenting bed for 4-6 days, thereby obtaining the organic padding; 3, paving the organic padding into the hog house, wherein the total thickness of the padding is about 200cm and the weight of the padding is about 100kg per square meter. Concentration of harmful gases in blood and feces is reduced. After feces enter the bottom of the hog house, the feces are degraded by capnocytophaga species, saccharomycetes, lactic acid bacteria and protein bacteria, thus the feces have no odor.

Description

Ecological pig cultural method and special pig house thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to pig-breeding technical field, particularly relate to a kind of ecological pig cultural method and special pig house thereof.
Background technology
In tradition aquaculture model, feed addictive is applied wantonly, and feed addictive is often containing a certain amount of heavy metal.China every year heavy metal of nearly about 100,000 tons is used for feed addictive, and these heavy metals are just discharged with animal manure and contaminated environment.In pig manure, the heavy metal element such as arsenic, cadmium, chromium-copper seriously exceedes the agricultural control criterion of national townm refuse (GB8172-87) according to investigations.External also have many reports to show, in feces of livestock and poultry, contents of heavy metal elements is too high.It is estimated, ten thousand pig farms are pressed U.S. FDA and are allowed the arsenic preparation dosage of use to calculate, if use continuously containing arsenic medicated feed, may discharge nearly 1 ton of arsenic after 5-8 to pig farm periphery.And the larger input of heavy metal needs will be removed, the heavy metal therefore in these fertilizer also can be accumulated in soil, becomes a kind of pollution source.
China is a herding big country, the prostatitis in the livestock culture quantity Jun Ju world, wherein the number of animals raised of live pig just accounts for about 50% of world's feeding live pig amount, and its output value accounts for more than 60% of China's livestock breeding gross output value, and raising pigs already becomes its people and increase income one of important channel of structure of making the life better.According to statistics, China's pig industry average year Fecal wastes is 10.62 hundred million tons.1 year, the number of animals raised be the pig farm ammonia drained in environment of 1000 was 100 tons, 30 tons, phosphorus.In the annual pig manure in the whole nation, the discharge capacity of ammonia is about 1,000 ten thousand tons, and phosphorus is about 2,000,000 tons, if these pollutions do not carry out harmless treatment, and will severe contamination surrounding environment and water source.The pollution source of many rivers,lakes and seas of China are mainly from the pollution of area source in rural area, and the pollution as the periphery livestock and poultry breeding industry of Taihu Lake, Jiangsu, Chaohu, Anhui Province, China etc. makes the great outburst repeatedly of Taihu Lake blue-green algae, causes serious pollution to the environment of surrounding.But the pig-breeding of China's most area is but still in cultivation idea backwardness, cultivation infrastructure is simple and crude, aquaculture management is lack of standardization, environmental pollution is serious, economic benefit is undesirable, and the pollution of environment brings prolific chance to pathogen from many aspects, cause the state of an illness multiple, be difficult to control.Being very popular of last summer blue-ear disease of pig to have arrived great impact to the production of live pig.
Innoxious to feces of livestock and poultry according to country, resource, the principle of industrialization process, utilize the sawdust having adsorbed the composite bacteria agent capable of fast degradation pig manure, rice husks etc. do circle heelpiece material, harmful pathogen is killed the generation decreasing disease by the high temperature that microorganism produces in the fermentation process of degraded Pig dung and urine, swine excrements by fermentation etc. can directly use as organic manure, the zero-emission of cultivation ight soil is ensure that from source, achieve harmless treatment, not only improve breeding environment, enhance live pig health and store product safety, and do not need extra land occupation to process the fecaluria of pig, reach make colony house odorless effect while also achieve the economic effect of pig manure recycling fermentation to produce biological fertilizer.And coordinate in feed and add prebiotic component, make pig-breeding really realize " pollution-free, zero-emission, high benefit ".
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to the deficiency overcoming above-mentioned technology, and provide a kind of ecological pig cultural method, economize energy.
The present invention for achieving the above object, by the following technical solutions: a kind of ecological pig cultural method, it is characterized in that: in pig house, making one is ecological fermentation bed, ecological fermentation bedly be provided with fermentation tank, the surrounding of described fermentation tank is equipped with brick wall, is provided with organic bedding and padding in described fermentation tank, and the raw material of these organic bedding and padding is divided into two-layer, bottom is stalk, and upper strata is made up of sawdust, rice husk, crude salt, EM bacterium, brown sugar and water; Its preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) by sawdust, rice husk, crude salt, EM bacterium, brown sugar and water be in mass ratio
Mix and stir at 79: 6: 0.6: 0.6: 0.6: 39, obtains fermentation bed coarse fodder;
(2) by above-mentioned fermentation tank coarse fodder pile fermentation 4 ~ 6 days, organic bedding and padding must be with;
(3) be laid in pig house by organic bedding and padding, the gross thickness of bedding and padding is about 200 centimetres, heavily about 100 kilograms, every square metre of bedding and padding.
Will pile up fermentation in 3 ~ 5 days after bedding and padding mixing, spread out afterwards, the wood sawdust of place mat 5 cm thick is wanted on surface, 3 ~ 5 days afterwards just can above pig.
Above-mentioned fermentation 1-2 in summer days or after 5-7 days winter, before entering pig ferment ecological fermentation bed on spread the dry sawdust of 10cm.
The described fermentation tank degree of depth is between 50cm-100cm.
The described fermentation tank degree of depth is between 80cm-100cm.
The inner surface of described brick wall is coated with cement.
A kind of special pig house for ecological pig cultural method, it is characterized in that: in pig house, be provided with fermentation tank, the surrounding of described fermentation tank is equipped with brick wall, organic padding layer is provided with in described fermentation tank, the front end of described fermentation tank is provided with feed table, the cross section of described feed table is triangular in shape, and the top of feed table is by rotating shaft support on fence, and described feed table front end is provided with feed alley.
The wall of described pig house is provided with axial flow blower.
Described machine padding layer is divided into two-layer, and bottom is stalk layer, and last time is sawdust layer.
The thickness of described stalk layer is 20-30cm, and the thickness of described sawdust layer is 50-60cm.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the method for ecologically raising pigs of the present invention is by the reasonable utilization microbial bacteria of nature at the bottom of Tiny ecosystem circle with science, it effectively acts on to cause each microorganism to play all greatly, swine excrement decomposes through tens of kinds of beneficial microorganisms, oxidation, synthesis, by the biological ammonia in enteron aisle, indoles, the converting compounds such as sulphide are the material of nontoxic odorless, thus reduce the harmful gas concentration in blood and ight soil.After ight soil enters the circle end, by by fiber bacterium, saccharomycete, lactic acid bacteria, the degraded such as protein fungus ight soil, causes ight soil odorless; Ight soil is that microorganism provides nutriment simultaneously, is able to amount reproduction.After using this technology, really reach zero-emission of raising pigs, pollution-free, can not stink to high heaven in pig house.Recycling economy.The method straw of ecologically raising pigs of the present invention, sawdust are as pig house bedding and padding, and the high-quality fertilizer that the straw after absorption fecaluria, sawdust produce by fermenting can as the fertilizer of production safety, high quality agricultural products.Material-saving is efficient.Containing four kinds of beneficial microbes in the microbial inoculum adopted in the method for ecologically raising pigs of the present invention, not only can improve feed conversion rate 10%, and pathogen can be kept outside of the door.The raising of feed conversion rate is the material that some microorganism produces in the process of metabolism, non-digestible macromolecular substances can be converted into the polysaccharose of small-molecule substance, be easy to body and digest and assimilate.Making the average feeding period of pig shorten 10-15 days, is only on average the saving of veterinary drug, feed the while of every pig material-saving 30%, and every pig can synergy 50-80 unit.The automatic feeding of methods combining of ecologically raising pigs of the present invention, automatic water-drinking technology, a people can raise 800-1000 head big porker, and 100-200 head sow, efficiency improves more than 1 times.Improve cad pig body performance, restoration ecosystem state, every sow produces sub-rate and improves 30-50%.Live pig physique strengthens, not easily sick, reduces the use of antibiotic etc, substantially solves the problem of medicament residue, reach national nuisance-free pork standard.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Embodiment
The specific embodiment of the present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and preferred embodiment.A kind of ecological pig cultural method, in pig house, making one is ecological fermentation bed, ecological fermentation bedly be provided with fermentation tank, the surrounding of described fermentation tank is equipped with brick wall, organic bedding and padding are provided with in described fermentation tank, the raw material of these organic bedding and padding is divided into two-layer, and bottom is stalk, and upper strata is made up of sawdust, rice husk, crude salt, EM bacterium, brown sugar and water; Its preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) by sawdust, rice husk, crude salt, EM bacterium, brown sugar and water be in mass ratio
Mix and stir at 79: 6: 0.6: 0.6: 0.6: 39, obtains fermentation bed coarse fodder;
(2) by above-mentioned fermentation tank coarse fodder pile fermentation 4 ~ 6 days, organic bedding and padding must be with;
(3) be laid in pig house by organic bedding and padding, the gross thickness of bedding and padding is about 200 centimetres, heavily about 100 kilograms, every square metre of bedding and padding.Will pile up fermentation in 3 ~ 5 days after bedding and padding mixing, spread out afterwards, the wood sawdust of place mat 5 cm thick is wanted on surface, 3 ~ 5 days afterwards just can above pig.Above-mentioned fermentation 1-2 in summer days or after 5-7 days winter, before entering pig ferment ecological fermentation bed on spread the dry sawdust of 10cm.The described fermentation tank degree of depth is between 50cm-100cm.The described fermentation tank degree of depth is between 80cm-100cm.The inner surface of described brick wall is coated with cement.
As shown in Figure 1, present invention also offers a kind of special pig house for ecological pig cultural method, fermentation tank 1 is provided with in pig house, the surrounding of described fermentation tank is equipped with brick wall 2, be provided with organic padding layer 3 in described fermentation tank, the front end of described fermentation tank is provided with feed table 4, and the cross section of described feed table is triangular in shape, the top of feed table is by rotating shaft support on fence 5, and described feed table front end is provided with feed alley 6.The wall of described pig house is provided with axial flow blower 7.Described machine padding layer is divided into two-layer, and bottom is stalk layer 8, and last time is sawdust layer 9.The thickness of described stalk layer is 20-30cm, and the thickness of described sawdust layer is 50-60cm.
The method of ecologically raising pigs of the present invention need not rinse colony house in production overall process, every pig reduce water consumption every day more than 90%, utilize biological heat energy to improve temperature in house in winter simultaneously, overcome winter cold in the unfavorable factor of raising pigs, a large amount of coals and electricity can be saved.The method of ecologically raising pigs of the present invention is by the reasonable utilization microbial bacteria of nature at the bottom of Tiny ecosystem circle with science, it effectively acts on to cause each microorganism to play all greatly, swine excrement decomposes through tens of kinds of beneficial microorganisms, oxidation, synthesis, by the biological ammonia in enteron aisle, indoles, the converting compounds such as sulphide are the material of nontoxic odorless, thus reduce the harmful gas concentration in blood and ight soil.After ight soil enters the circle end, by by fiber bacterium, saccharomycete, lactic acid bacteria, the degraded such as protein fungus ight soil, causes ight soil odorless; Ight soil is that microorganism provides nutriment simultaneously, is able to amount reproduction.After using this technology, really reach zero-emission of raising pigs, pollution-free, can not stink to high heaven in pig house.Recycling economy.The method straw of ecologically raising pigs of the present invention, sawdust are as pig house bedding and padding, and the high-quality fertilizer that the straw after absorption fecaluria, sawdust produce by fermenting can as the fertilizer of production safety, high quality agricultural products.Material-saving is efficient.Containing four kinds of beneficial microbes in the microbial inoculum adopted in the method for ecologically raising pigs of the present invention, not only can improve feed conversion rate 10%, and pathogen can be kept outside of the door.The raising of feed conversion rate is the material that some microorganism produces in the process of metabolism, non-digestible macromolecular substances can be converted into the polysaccharose of small-molecule substance, be easy to body and digest and assimilate.Making the average feeding period of pig shorten 10-15 days, is only on average the saving of veterinary drug, feed the while of every pig material-saving 30%, and every pig can synergy 50-80 unit.The automatic feeding of methods combining of ecologically raising pigs of the present invention, automatic water-drinking technology, a people can raise 800-1000 head big porker, and 100-200 head sow, efficiency improves more than 1 times.Improve cad pig body performance, restoration ecosystem state, every sow produces sub-rate and improves 30-50%.Live pig physique strengthens, not easily sick, reduces the use of antibiotic etc, substantially solves the problem of medicament residue, reach national nuisance-free pork standard.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. an ecological pig cultural method, it is characterized in that: in pig house, making one is ecological fermentation bed, ecological fermentation bedly be provided with fermentation tank, the surrounding of described fermentation tank is equipped with brick wall, organic bedding and padding are provided with in described fermentation tank, the raw material of these organic bedding and padding is divided into two-layer, and bottom is stalk, and upper strata is made up of sawdust, rice husk, crude salt, EM bacterium, brown sugar and water; Its preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) by sawdust, rice husk, crude salt, EM bacterium, brown sugar and water be in mass ratio
Mix and stir at 79: 6: 0.6: 0.6: 0.6: 39, obtains fermentation bed coarse fodder;
(2) by above-mentioned fermentation tank coarse fodder pile fermentation 4 ~ 6 days, organic bedding and padding must be with;
(3) be laid in pig house by organic bedding and padding, the gross thickness of bedding and padding is about 200 centimetres, heavily about 100 kilograms, every square metre of bedding and padding.
2. ecological pig cultural method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: will pile up fermentation in 3 ~ 5 days after bedding and padding mixing, spread out afterwards, the wood sawdust of place mat 5 cm thick is wanted on surface, 3 ~ 5 days afterwards just can above pig.
3. ecological pig cultural method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: above-mentioned fermentation 1-2 in summer days or after 5-7 days winter, before entering pig ferment ecological fermentation bed on spread the dry sawdust of 10cm.
4. ecological pig cultural method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the described fermentation tank degree of depth is between 50cm-100cm.
5. ecological pig cultural method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the described fermentation tank degree of depth is between 80cm-100cm.
6. ecological pig cultural method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the inner surface of described brick wall is coated with cement.
7. the special pig house for ecological pig cultural method, it is characterized in that: in pig house, be provided with fermentation tank, the surrounding of described fermentation tank is equipped with brick wall, organic padding layer is provided with in described fermentation tank, the front end of described fermentation tank is provided with feed table, the cross section of described feed table is triangular in shape, and the top of feed table is by rotating shaft support on fence, and described feed table front end is provided with feed alley.
8. the special pig house for ecological pig cultural method according to claim 7, is characterized in that: the wall of described pig house is provided with axial flow blower.
9. the special pig house for ecological pig cultural method according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described machine padding layer is divided into two-layer, bottom is stalk layer, and last time is sawdust layer.
10. the special pig house for ecological pig cultural method according to claim 7, is characterized in that: the thickness of described stalk layer is 20-30cm, and the thickness of described sawdust layer is 50-60cm.
CN201410033138.1A 2014-01-23 2014-01-23 Ecological pig breeding method and special hog house Pending CN104798724A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106973800A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-07-25 合肥慧谷农业科技有限公司 A kind of Pigpen fermentation bed padding and preparation method thereof
RU2629589C1 (en) * 2016-05-04 2017-08-30 Георгий Александрович Осипов Method of obtaining organic fertilisers from bird droppings and animal manure
CN107148943A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-12 昆明金水优农牧业有限公司 The method of ecologically raising pigs
CN107439472A (en) * 2017-08-25 2017-12-08 贵港正邦农牧科技有限公司 A kind of diseases prevention cultural method of live pig
CN107466964A (en) * 2017-08-25 2017-12-15 贵港正邦农牧科技有限公司 A kind of diseases prevention cultural method of live pig
CN107926857A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-04-20 广东省农业科学院动物科学研究所 A kind of method that environmental health is efficiently raised pigs
CN109221007A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-01-18 安徽徽名山农业股份有限公司 A kind of piglet cultural method that ecology is recyclable

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2629589C1 (en) * 2016-05-04 2017-08-30 Георгий Александрович Осипов Method of obtaining organic fertilisers from bird droppings and animal manure
CN106973800A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-07-25 合肥慧谷农业科技有限公司 A kind of Pigpen fermentation bed padding and preparation method thereof
CN107148943A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-12 昆明金水优农牧业有限公司 The method of ecologically raising pigs
CN107439472A (en) * 2017-08-25 2017-12-08 贵港正邦农牧科技有限公司 A kind of diseases prevention cultural method of live pig
CN107466964A (en) * 2017-08-25 2017-12-15 贵港正邦农牧科技有限公司 A kind of diseases prevention cultural method of live pig
CN107926857A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-04-20 广东省农业科学院动物科学研究所 A kind of method that environmental health is efficiently raised pigs
CN109221007A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-01-18 安徽徽名山农业股份有限公司 A kind of piglet cultural method that ecology is recyclable

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