CN106719069B - Chicken coop with fermentation bed - Google Patents

Chicken coop with fermentation bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106719069B
CN106719069B CN201611044487.9A CN201611044487A CN106719069B CN 106719069 B CN106719069 B CN 106719069B CN 201611044487 A CN201611044487 A CN 201611044487A CN 106719069 B CN106719069 B CN 106719069B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box body
upper box
fermentation bed
pressure lever
rubber film
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CN201611044487.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106719069A (en
Inventor
钟绪猛
陈忆
扶本群
钟金昆
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Dongkou Fengxi Agricultural Ecological Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Bengbu Hrabero Intellectual Property Service Co ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K31/00Housing birds

Abstract

The patent discloses a henhouse with a fermentation bed, which comprises a henhouse body, wherein the fermentation bed is arranged in the henhouse body, the bottom of the fermentation bed is provided with a plurality of telescopic boxes, each telescopic box comprises an upper box body and a lower box body filled with water, the upper box body is connected with the lower box body in a sliding way, the top of the upper box body is provided with a pressure lever, the pressure lever is connected with the upper box body in a sliding way, the upper box body is provided with an elastic piece which pushes the pressure lever to move upwards, the inside of the pressure lever is provided with an air channel communicated with the inside of the upper box body, the air channel is provided with a one-way valve, the lower end of the pressure lever is connected with a material box with a plurality of through holes, calcium oxide particles are placed in the material box, an exhaust hole is formed in the upper portion of the side face of the upper box body, a stop block covers the exhaust hole, the stop block is connected with the side wall of the upper box body in a sliding mode in the vertical direction, and a locking block is arranged on the stop block; the problem of the fermentation bed of current chicken coop is stepped on closely by the chicken easily, leads to the gas permeability of fermentation bed to reduce is solved.

Description

Chicken coop with fermentation bed
Technical Field
The invention relates to a henhouse with a fermentation bed.
Background
In the large-scale breeding of chickens, a chicken house is an indispensable facility. The ground of the existing henhouse is generally hardened, chickens directly move and eat on the ground, and meanwhile, the chickens directly discharge excrement on the ground. And the excrement on the ground needs to be cleaned after a while to prevent the generation of germs. The fermentation bed is arranged on the ground in the existing henhouse, and the excrement of the chicken is decomposed through the fermentation bed, so that the work of clearing the excrement is reduced. The fermentation bed mainly comprises sawdust, rice husk, etc., wherein the fermentation bed contains a large amount of strains. The fermentation bed is loose when being used at the beginning, but the fermentation bed is gradually stepped by the chicken to be dense along with the increase of the use time, so that the air permeability of the fermentation bed is reduced, the oxygen obtained by the strains in the fermentation bed is reduced, the decomposition capacity of the strains is reduced, and the effect of the fermentation bed on decomposing the chicken manure is reduced.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a henhouse with a fermentation bed, and solves the problem that the fermentation bed is easy to be stepped by chickens to be dense in the prior art, so that the air permeability of the fermentation bed is reduced.
The henhouse with the fermentation bed comprises a henhouse body, wherein the fermentation bed is arranged inside the henhouse body, a plurality of telescopic boxes are arranged at the bottom of the fermentation bed and comprise an upper box body and a lower box body filled with water, the upper box body is in sliding connection with the lower box body, a vertical pressure rod is arranged at the top of the upper box body, the lower end of the pressure rod extends into the upper box body, the pressure rod is in sliding connection with the upper box body, an elastic piece for pushing the pressure rod to move upwards is arranged on the upper box body, an air channel communicated with the inside of the upper box body is arranged inside the pressure rod, a one-way valve is arranged at the air channel, the lower end of the pressure rod is connected with a material box, a plurality of through holes are formed in the material box, calcium oxide particles are placed in the material box, exhaust holes are formed in the upper part of the side surface of, the lateral wall of dog and last box body is along vertical sliding connection, upward be equipped with the spring that is used for promoting the vertical removal of dog on the box body, elastic connection has the locking piece that inserts the exhaust hole on the dog, is equipped with the locating part that is used for promoting the locking piece to withdraw from the exhaust hole on the lower box body, the lower extreme fixedly connected with push rod of dog.
The upper box body is arranged and used for forming a closed space with the lower box body, and the upper box body supports the compression rod to move. And a pressure lever is arranged and used for driving the material box to vertically move. An air passage is provided for communicating the inside and outside of the upper case. A check valve is provided for allowing air to enter the interior of the upper case only from the exterior of the upper case. And the material box is used for placing calcium oxide particles. The through holes are arranged, so that water can conveniently enter the material box to contact with calcium oxide. The air vent is arranged for exhausting the air in the upper box body. Set up the dog for block the air in the upper box body and discharge from the exhaust hole. A locking block is provided for securing the stop at the vent. And a limiting part is arranged for separating the locking block from the exhaust hole. A push rod is arranged for pushing the stop block to cover the exhaust hole.
The working principle is as follows: the material box is driven by the pressure rod to move downwards by pressing the pressure rod downwards, so that calcium oxide particles in the material box are contacted with water in the lower box body, the calcium oxide particles can generate chemical reaction after being contacted with the water, and a large amount of heat is released, thereby heating the air in the upper box body, the air expands after being heated, so that the air pushes the upper box body to move upwards, when the upper box body moves upwards, the fermentation bed filler above the upper box body is pushed to move upwards, when the upper box body moves to enable the limiting piece to push the locking block, the stop block loses the action of the locking block and is far away from the exhaust hole, thereby the air in the upper box body is discharged from the exhaust hole, the upper box body moves downwards without the supporting function of the air, the lower end of the push rod is abutted against the lower box body along with the downward movement of the upper box body, thereby pushing the stop block to cover the exhaust hole again, and preventing the air in the upper box body from being exhausted from the exhaust hole.
Compared with the prior art, the scheme has the advantages that: 1. the upper box body moves up and down to generate vibration effect on the packing of the fermentation bed, so that the packing of the fermentation bed is vibrated to be loosened, and the air permeability is enhanced. 2. The discharged air enters the fermentation bed, and due to certain pressure when the air is discharged, impact force is generated on the packing of the fermentation bed, so that the air quickly enters the packing of the fermentation bed, the fermentation bed becomes loose, and the air permeability is enhanced. 3. Calcium hydroxide is generated after the calcium oxide reacts with water, and meanwhile, air entering the upper box body from the air channel of the pressure rod is mainly air in the henhouse, the content of carbon dioxide is high, and the oxygen content of the air in the upper box body is increased through the absorption of the calcium hydroxide on the carbon dioxide, so that the oxygen content of the air discharged into the fermentation bed is high, and the fermentation of strains is facilitated.
Further, the upper end of depression bar is equipped with the return bend with air channel intercommunication, the one end and the depression bar fixed connection of return bend, the other end opening of return bend sets up downwards. The elbow pipe communicated with the air channel is arranged, and the opening of the elbow pipe faces downwards, so that the situation that the air channel is blocked when the filler or the chicken manure of the fermentation bed falls into the air channel is avoided.
Furthermore, the elastic piece is a rubber film with elasticity, the rubber film is annularly arranged at the joint of the pressing rod and the upper box body, the rubber film is in sealing bonding with the upper box body, and the pressing rod penetrates through the rubber film and is in sealing bonding with the rubber film. The rubber film drives the pressing rod to move upwards after being pressed downwards, and the rubber film isolates the connecting gap between the pressing rod and the upper box body from the inside of the upper box body, so that the work of sealing the connecting gap is reduced, and the rubber film not only plays a role in driving the elastic part of the pressing rod to move, but also plays a role in sealing the connecting gap.
Further, the pressure spring is a tower spring. The space that the tower spring took when compressing is few to conveniently set up in less space.
Further, the pressure lever is connected with the spline of the upper box body. The compression bar and the upper box body can only slide relatively but can not rotate, and the rubber film is prevented from being damaged by the rotation of the compression bar.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a telescopic box in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a state view of the trigger block of fig. 1 inserted into the exhaust hole to push the locking block.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail below by way of specific embodiments:
reference numerals in the drawings of the specification include: the device comprises an upper box body 11, a lower box body 12, an exhaust hole 111, a pressure lever 21, an air channel 211, a one-way valve 22, a material box 23, a support rod 31, an excitation block 32, a stop block 41, a locking block 42 and a push rod 43.
The henhouse with the fermentation bed comprises a henhouse body, wherein the fermentation bed is arranged inside the henhouse body, and a plurality of telescopic boxes are arranged at the bottom of the fermentation bed.
The telescopic box shown in fig. 1 and 2 comprises an upper box body 11 and a lower box body 12, wherein the upper box body 11 and the lower box body 12 form a closed cavity, and the upper box body 11 is vertically connected with the lower box body 12 in a sliding manner. The lower case 12 is filled with a certain amount of water. The top of the upper box body 11 is provided with a vertical pressure lever 21, the lower end of the pressure lever 21 extends to the inside of the upper box body 11, and the pressure lever 21 is connected with the upper box body 11 through a spline. The interior of the pressure lever 21 is provided with an air passage 211, and the air passage 211 communicates the interior of the upper case 11 with the outside. The upper end of the pressing rod 21 is bent downward to form a bent pipe. The lower end of the air passage 211 is provided with a check valve 22, and the check valve 22 is in threaded connection with the pressure lever 21. When the air pressure in the upper case 11 is less than the external air pressure, the external air is supplemented to the inside of the upper case 11 through the air passage 211; when the air pressure inside the upper case 11 is greater than the external air pressure, the air inside the upper case 11 cannot enter the air passage 211, thereby forming a sealed space. The position where the pressure lever 21 is connected with the upper box body 11 is provided with a rubber film, the pressure lever 21 penetrates through the rubber film and is in sealing bonding with the rubber film, and the upper part of the rubber film is in sealing bonding with the upper box body 11. The lower end of the pressure lever 21 is connected with a material box 23 in a threaded manner, and the bottom and the side part of the material box 23 are provided with a plurality of through holes. A plurality of calcium oxide particles are filled in the material box 23. Water enters the material box 23 through the through hole to contact with calcium oxide particles, and simultaneously, calcium hydroxide is generated after the calcium oxide reacts with the water and is dissolved in the water, so that the water in the lower box body 12 becomes calcium hydroxide solution, and the water absorbs carbon dioxide in the air, so that the oxygen content in the air is increased. An air outlet hole 111 is arranged on the upper part of the right side wall of the upper box body 11, the air outlet hole 111 is in a circular truncated cone shape, and the right end of the air outlet hole 111 is the end with a larger area. The left side of the exhaust hole 111 is provided with a stop block 41, and the stop block 41 is connected with the upper box body 11 in a sliding manner along the vertical direction. The right side of dog 41 is equipped with the recess, is equipped with locking piece 42 in the recess, locking piece 42 and recess sliding fit, is equipped with the tower spring that promotes locking piece 42 and remove right between the bottom surface of the left end of locking piece 42 and recess. The locking block 42 is cylindrical, and the right end of the locking block 42 is spherical. A spring is arranged above the stop block 41 and is welded with the upper box body 11. The push rod 43 is welded to the lower end of the stopper 41, and when the locking block 42 is inserted into the exhaust hole 111, the lower end of the push rod 43 abuts against the lower case 12. Be equipped with the locating part that is used for arousing locking piece 42 on box body 12 down, the locating part includes bracing piece 31 and arouses piece 32, bracing piece 31's lower extreme and box body 12 welding down, bracing piece 31 is the elastic rod, arouse piece 32 locate bracing piece 31 the top and with bracing piece 31 integrated into one piece, arouse piece 32 and be the trapezoidal form, arouse the length of piece 32 horizontal direction and equal to the length of exhaust hole 111 horizontal direction.
When the device is used, the pressure lever 21 is pressed downwards, so that the pressure lever 21 drives the material box 23 to move downwards, and calcium oxide particles in the material box 23 are contacted with water in the lower box body 12. The calcium oxide particles are chemically reacted upon contact with water and release a large amount of heat, thereby heating the air in the upper case 11. The air is heated and expanded, so that the air pushes the upper case 11 to move upward. When the upper box body 11 moves upwards, the fermentation bed filler above the upper box body 11 is pushed to move upwards, when the upper box body 11 moves to enable the excitation block 32 to be inserted into the exhaust hole 111 and push the locking block 42 leftwards, the stop block 41 loses the effect of the locking block 42 and slides downwards and is far away from the exhaust hole 111, so that air in the upper box body 11 is exhausted from the exhaust hole 111, the upper box body 11 loses the supporting effect of the air and moves downwards, and the push rod 43 pushes the stop block 41 to cover the exhaust hole 111 again along with the downward movement of the upper box body 11, so that the air in the upper box body 11 cannot be exhausted from the exhaust hole 111. The pressing of the pressing rod 21 may be manually controlled, or the chicken may step on the pressing rod 21 to press the pressing rod during normal activities.

Claims (2)

1. Chicken coop with fermentation bed, including the chicken coop body, the inside of chicken coop body is equipped with fermentation bed, its characterized in that: the bottom of the fermentation bed is provided with a plurality of telescopic boxes, each telescopic box comprises an upper box body and a lower box body, water is filled in the lower box body, the upper box body is connected with the lower box body in a sliding manner, a vertical compression rod is arranged at the top of the upper box body, the lower end of the compression rod extends to the inside of the upper box body, the compression rod is connected with the upper box body in a sliding manner, an elastic part for pushing the compression rod to move upwards is arranged on the upper box body, an air channel communicated with the inside of the upper box body is arranged in the compression rod, a one-way valve is arranged at the air channel, the lower end of the compression rod is connected with a material box, a plurality of through holes are arranged on the material box, calcium oxide particles are placed in the material box, exhaust holes are arranged at the upper part of the side surface of the upper box body, a stop, the lower box body is provided with a limiting piece used for pushing the locking piece to exit the exhaust hole, and the lower end of the stop block is fixedly connected with a push rod;
the upper end of the pressure lever is provided with a bent pipe communicated with the air channel, one end of the bent pipe is fixedly connected with the pressure lever, and the other end of the bent pipe is provided with an opening facing downwards.
2. The henhouse with fermentation bed as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the elastic piece is a rubber film with elasticity, the rubber film is annularly arranged at the joint of the pressing rod and the upper box body, the rubber film is in sealing bonding with the upper box body, and the pressing rod penetrates through the rubber film and is in sealing bonding with the rubber film.
CN201611044487.9A 2016-11-24 2016-11-24 Chicken coop with fermentation bed Active CN106719069B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611044487.9A CN106719069B (en) 2016-11-24 2016-11-24 Chicken coop with fermentation bed

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611044487.9A CN106719069B (en) 2016-11-24 2016-11-24 Chicken coop with fermentation bed

Publications (2)

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CN106719069A CN106719069A (en) 2017-05-31
CN106719069B true CN106719069B (en) 2020-10-23

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101416610B (en) * 2008-06-24 2011-08-17 李季 Pigpen fermentation bed and use thereof
CN203851597U (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-10-01 泉州市润山生态农业综合开发有限公司 Fermenting bed free of flushing for chicken and duck houses
CN104186368B (en) * 2014-08-28 2017-07-21 江苏省农业科学院 A kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat duck fermentation bed breeding house
CN205596874U (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-09-28 兴文县新星农业发展有限责任公司 Chicken coop is bred in multi -use environmental protection
CN106069815A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-11-09 安徽万利生态园林景观有限公司 A kind of antimicrobial form pig fermenting bed padding

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Effective date of registration: 20200925

Address after: 233000 Room 1402, Ziyang Building, Pearl Plaza, Huaishang District, Bengbu City, Anhui Province

Applicant after: Bengbu HRABERO Intellectual Property Service Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 564509 Huayang village, Longjing Township, Zunyi, Guizhou

Applicant before: RENHUAI HONGXI BREEDING PROFESSIONAL COOPERATIVE

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Effective date of registration: 20210910

Address after: 422300 group 2, Fengxi village, Yulan Town, Dongkou County, Shaoyang City, Hunan Province

Patentee after: Dongkou Fengxi Agricultural Ecological Technology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 233000 Room 1402, Ziyang Building, Pearl Plaza, Huaishang District, Bengbu City, Anhui Province

Patentee before: Bengbu HRABERO Intellectual Property Service Co.,Ltd.

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