CN104186368B - A kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat duck fermentation bed breeding house - Google Patents

A kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat duck fermentation bed breeding house Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104186368B
CN104186368B CN201410433219.0A CN201410433219A CN104186368B CN 104186368 B CN104186368 B CN 104186368B CN 201410433219 A CN201410433219 A CN 201410433219A CN 104186368 B CN104186368 B CN 104186368B
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duck
bed
fermentation
fermentation bed
padding
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CN201410433219.0A
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CN104186368A (en
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林勇
李健
赵伟
顾洪如
施振旦
张广勇
蒋岩
余新鹏
刘珊
吴庆平
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江苏省农业科学院
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat duck fermentation bed breeding house, belong to birds breeding technology field.The kind duck booth being characterized mainly in that in invention in the present invention includes bottom inflatable fermentation bed, and described bottom inflatable fermentation bed includes the inflation fermentation system below fermentation bed bed course and fermentation bed bed course;Described fermentation bed bed course includes top layer 20cm discreteness padding layer and the 20cm stalk layers of lower floor 15;Described inflation fermentation system includes the gas ducting device under inflation power set and its bed course being connected.The present invention effectively overcomes the hardened problem of fermenting bed padding caused by duck biological characteristics, improves the aerobic degradation ability of fermenting bed padding to kind of duck excrement just, reduces the discharge of foul gas and greenhouse gases, and the aerobic degradation ability for having played kind duck overlap high;The consumption at water source is saved while wherein drinking device and spray cleaning apparatus solve water demand when drought is supported.

Description

A kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat duck fermentation bed breeding house

Technical field

The invention belongs to birds breeding technology field, more particularly to a kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat duck fermentation bed Breeding house.

Background technology

With promoting the use for meat duck intensive culture, particularly Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck intensive culture, Growth of Cherry Valley meat Plant the foster mode of duck water and bring many drawbacks:First, meat duck high-density rearing causes duck excreta in the water body collection of limited areal Middle discharge, causes body eutrophication, destroys natural environment;Second, high-density rearing's mode causes to put in a suitable place to breed in the water body of kind of duck Various pathogenic microorganism content severe overweights, so as to cause the occurred frequently of kind of pest of duck disease, death and culling rate increase.

Duck fermentation bed feeding manner is planted to realize to kind of an ira situ degradation for duck excreta by the aerobic fermentation effect of fermentation bed, The process problem of duck group's excreta is solved, the breeding environment of kind of duck is optimized;But, the biological characteristics of duck is different from pig, What it did not had a pig turns over arch habit, and the web structure of duck pawl is easier to cause the hardened of fermenting bed padding, causes bedding and padding gas permeability It is deteriorated, aerobic fermentation suppresses, duck excrement is effectively degraded reduction, the dead bed of fermentation bed;Meanwhile, traditional fermenting bed padding thickness exists more 50-80cm, causes the ploughed depth required for turning over the machinery of rake for bedding and padding larger, and power demand is stronger, and (horsepower is more in 8-12 Or so diesel engine), so as to produce very big noise, the breeding of kind of duck is produced and had a strong impact on, laying eggs in production kind duck is caused Rate declines even stress be dead.

The artificial circulating water pool Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck feeding manner of modified, provides an artificial water body for kind of duck, has Effect solves intensive high density meat duck and raises the problems such as causing pollution, the pathogenic microorganism content overproof of water body, hence it is evident that drop The low incidence and death and culling rate for planting pest of duck disease;But, this mode needs to build the cement pit of certain area, and due to needing The cleannes of water body in pond are kept, it is necessary to frequently change water, so as to cause this feeding manner fixation means and day ordinary water Source, energy resource consumption are larger, while a large amount of externally discharged waste waters are polluted to environment.

Traditional foster mode of drought, solves dependence of kind of the duck to water source, but is due to the cleaning action without water source, causes to plant Duck enteron aisle and genital diseases are occurred frequently, cause kind of the duck death rate and mortality to raise, and the easier morbidity of high-yielding variety duck Eliminate.

The content of the invention

To overcome shortcoming and deficiency present in prior art, primary and foremost purpose of the invention is to provide a kind of environmental protection, defended Raw and economizing type meat duck fermentation bed breeding house.The environmental protection of the present invention, health, the foster mould of economizing type Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck fermentation bed drought Formula, on the basis of the cultivation of Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck is solved to water body dependence, realizes ira situ degradation, the reduction cultivation of meat duck excrement The infectious disease incidence and death and culling rate of area, effectively reduction Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck are built in field, improve laying eggs for Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck Performance.

The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:A kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat duck fermentation bed are raised House, including kind of duck booth and motion threshing ground are supported, described kind duck booth is connected with motion threshing ground;Described kind duck booth includes house Wall, ceiling and bottom inflatable fermentation bed, described ceiling are arranged on She Qiang, and described bottom inflatable fermentation bed is layed in She Qiang On the ground surrounded;Described bottom inflatable fermentation bed includes the inflation fermentation system below fermentation bed bed course and fermentation bed bed course System;Described fermentation bed bed course includes the 20cm discretenesses padding layer on top layer and the 15-20cm stalk layers of lower floor;

Described inflation fermentation system includes the gas ducting device under inflation power set and its bed course being connected;

Described gas ducting device includes nanometer aeration pipe, gas tube and gas tube solidification soleplate;Described nanometer Aeration tube is arranged in gas tube, is provided with described gas tube on venthole, described solidification soleplate and is provided with triangle Groove, described gas tube is arranged on triangle groove, and described nanometer aeration pipe connects with inflation power set, dynamic by inflation Power apparatus provides air;Described gas tube is laid on fermenting bed padding bottom according to 1~2m spacing.

Described inflation power set include blower fan, supervisor, valve and are in charge of;Described blower fan is connected with supervisor, described Supervisor with it is some be in charge of be connected, described being in charge of is provided with valve, and described being in charge of connects with nanometer aeration pipe.

Described blower fan is roots blower;

Described supervisor is that steel compiles flexible pipe;

Described being in charge of compiles flexible pipe for steel;

Described plant duck booth and the area ratio in motion threshing ground is 1:1~1.5;Described motion threshing ground is spread using fragment of brick If;The water gradient is returned from the lateral peripheral hardware 1-3% of duck shed canopy one is planted in described motion threshing ground.

Described motion threshing ground is provided with drinking device and spray cleaning apparatus, described drinking device and spray cleaning dress Put and be arranged in parallel with planting duck shed canopy;Described spray cleaning apparatus is arranged above described drinking device, described drinking-water dress Put including drinking trough, gutter and slatted floor, described gutter is arranged at the both sides of drinking trough, described slatted floor is set It is placed on gutter;Described drinking trough is made of external diameter 11-16cmPVC pipes, outer block cement support;Laid on gutter Slatted floor is used to stand to drinking-water kind duck;On the one hand the slatted floor and lower section gutter are used for kind of a duck drinking-water, play with water Water clock part is drained rapidly, keeps sports ground to dry;On the other hand it is used for duck group's spray cleaning apparatus sprinkling for cleaning The drop collection for planting duck body is drained.

Described ceiling includes the thermal insulation layer and heat-insulation layer set up on supporter and supporter;Described supporter is preferably Triangle steelframe, described thermal insulation layer is preferably color steel tile, and described heat-insulation layer is preferably 15cm foamed plastics;Kind can be made Duck booth is incubated and good heat-insulation effect, and duck shed is sturdy and durable.

Unpowered turbine ventilated device is provided with the top of described ceiling;Beneficial to miniclimate in regulation duck shed.

Described She Qiang is connect to surround and formed by the wall and other three face walls body phases close to motion threshing ground side;Described leans on The wall of nearly motion threshing ground side is made up of hollow concrete block fence high 1m and upside and the wound membrane curtain of ceiling side edge, institute State other three face walls bodies to be built into by hollow concrete block, ventilation window is provided with other described three face walls bodies.

Duck hopper is provided with described fermentation bed.

Laying nest is provided with described fermentation bed, described laying nest is arranged at beside the house wall away from wound membrane curtain.

The gas tube is PPR water pipe;

Described discreteness padding layer is waste matter or bacteria residue.

This Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck fermentation bed feeding and management method is compared traditional water and supported to be had with the foster pattern of traditional zymotic bed drought Following advantage:

First, using the thin pad material fermentation bed structure and management method of bottom inflatable fermentation system, real using fermentation bed Duck excrement is now planted just on the premise of ira situ degradation, the hardened problem of fermenting bed padding caused by duck biological characteristics is effectively overcome, optimizes Fermenting bed padding structure and management mode, improve the aerobic degradation ability of fermenting bed padding to kind of duck excrement just, reduce stench The discharge of gas and greenhouse gases, makes that the breeding environment of meat duck is much cleaner, environmental protection;Meanwhile, thin pad material fermentation bed structure is saved Kind duck fermenting bed padding input and management cost, wherein bedding and padding input cost decline more than 50%, and turn over the machinery of rake bedding and padding Power demand declines a lot, and the purchase and Energy Consumption Cost for making machine for turning up the soil and harrowing tool significantly decline, and mechanicalness noise decline subtracts The stress reaction for planting duck is lacked.

Second, the foster booth of the ecological drought of Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck, motion threshing ground and its allocation of facility structure are saved for kind of a duck The consumption of the facilities such as the pond of raising and water source, raises than the Traditional Man water surface save water source more than 90% according to statistics, so as to subtract Lacked the sewage discharge to surrounding enviroment, breeding process is more saved, environmental protection;Met using outer duck group spray cleaning system is given up The biological habit that duck played with water and cleared up feather is planted, the addition of disinfection agent of chlorine dioxide makes kind of a duck clean hygiene, effectively reduced The epidemic disease incidence and death and culling rate of duck are planted, the production performance of kind of duck is improved, improves culture benefit.

3rd, this method improves the aerobic degradation ability of fermenting bed padding to kind of duck excrement just, can improve according to statistics identical Area colony house kind duck animal number 15-30%, improves the cultivation amount of unit duck shed;Meanwhile, the outer duck group spray of house described in this method Mist cleaning systems fundamentally solve tradition and plant dependence of the duck cultivation to nature or artificial water, reduce plant and build face Input in terms of product.

By experiment statisticses, using the method for breeding for planting the progress of duck breeding house of the present invention compared to the foster mould of traditional zymotic bed drought Formula improves laying rate 4.59%, supports pattern compared to traditional water and improves laying rate 1.48%;Rate of fertilization difference is not notable;Full period material egg Frequently the foster pattern reduction by 3.68% of tradition drought, pattern feedstuff-egg ratio reduction by 1.09% is supported than traditional water.And laying period kind duck death and culling rate It is lower by 40.31% than the foster pattern of traditional zymotic bed drought, support pattern than traditional water low by 29.96%;Effectively improve cultivation comprehensive benefit about 30%.This method is promoted the use of more in Pei County, Gaoyou etc., raises duck year only more than more than 80 ten thousand plumages, wherein Pei County drought supports 40 Wan Yu, accounts for the 80% of local raising total amount, problem of environmental pollution is solved substantially, save up to ten million sewage disposal expenses, society Benefit is notable with ecological benefits, accreditation and favorable comment by local government, enterprise and raiser.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is overall structure profile of the invention;

Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view of booth;

Fig. 3 is drinking device and the profile of spray cleaning apparatus structure;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of gas ducting device;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of inflation power set;

Wherein:1 kind of duck booth, 2 motion threshing grounds, 3 ceilings, 4 unpowered turbine ventilated devices, 5 wound membrane curtains, 6 fences, 7 inflations Power set, 8 fermentation bed bottom inflatable plumbing installations, 9 fermentation bed bed courses, 10 laying nests, 11 duck hoppers, 12 ventilation windows, 21 Spray cleaning apparatus, 22 drinking troughs, 23 gutters, 24 slatted floors, 71 blower fans, 72 supervisors, 73 valves, 74 are in charge of, 81 nanometers Aeration tube, 82 gas tubes, 83 solidification soleplates, 84 ventholes, 85 triangle grooves.

Embodiment

With reference to embodiment and accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited In this.

Embodiment 1

As shown in figures 1 and 3, it is special the invention provides a kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat duck fermentation bed breeding house Not Shi Yongyu Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck raising, including first, the ecological drought of Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck support kind of a duck booth 1, motion threshing ground 2 and Its allocation of facility structure and distribution;Second, give up outer duck group's spray cleaning apparatus 21 and its management method;3rd, band bottom inflatable The Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck fermentation bed structure and daily management method of fermentation system;

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the ecological drought of the Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck supports kind of a duck booth 1, motion threshing ground 2 and its with installing Apply structure and distribution:

Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck booth 1 is east-west, sits in the north facing the south, long 50-60m, span 10-12m, the high 4.5m in roof, eaves High 2.4m, optimizes ventilation effect, while providing the sufficient space of Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck, beneficial to duck health;Use color steel Watt with 15cm foamed plastics as ceiling 3, triangle steelframe is as supporter, insulation and good heat-insulation effect, and duck shed is more firm It is durable;Duck shed ceiling 3 installs unpowered turbine ventilated device 4, beneficial to miniclimate in regulation duck shed;Duck shed north side abutment wall uses cement Hollow brick is built into, and wall sets push-pull type ventilation window 12 at interval of 1m, at the 1m of ground, and duck shed southern side uses cement hollow The brick fence 6 high into 1m, duck shed southern side is provided with wound membrane curtain 5.Separate into 3 columns using brick inside duck shed, number is only produced beneficial to duck According to observation isolate with record, feeding management and epidemic disease, be allowed to growth uniform;Laying fermentation bed in duck shed, ferment mattress Material thickness is 35~40cm, is set in the fermentation bed at the abutment wall of duck shed north side and is uniformly arranged duck in the middle of laying nest 10, duck shed Hopper 11.Motion threshing ground 2 is open-air, is connected with duck shed southern side fence 6, and motion threshing ground 2 is 1 with planting the area ratio of duck booth 1 ~1.5:1;Move threshing ground 2 to lay using fragment of brick, the motion ground of threshing ground 2 sets 1-3% by north orientation south and returned in the middle part of the water gradient, sports ground A little greeneries are planted, are sheltered from heat or light for summer;As shown in figure 3, motion threshing ground 2 is provided with east-west drinking trough 22, the both sides of drinking trough 22 Setting gutter 23, the width 30-40cm of gutter 23, the bottom of gutter 23 is from moving in the middle of threshing ground 2 to both sides setting 0.5-1% The water gradient is returned, slatted floor 24 is laid on gutter 23 to be used to stand to drinking-water kind duck, width 40-60cm;Drinking trough 22 is just The outer duck group spray cleaning apparatus 21 of house is set along drinking trough direction at the 0.8-1m of top.The slatted floor 24 and lower section gutter 23 one side are used to rapidly drain kind of a duck drinking-water, water clock part of playing with water, and keep motion threshing ground 2 to dry;On the other hand being used for will The drop collection for being used to clean kind of duck body that duck group's spray cleaning apparatus 21 sprays is drained.

The drinking trough 22 is made of external diameter 11-16cmPVC pipes, outer block cement support.

The outer duck group spray cleaning apparatus 21 of the house is by time control switch, doser, water pump, water pipe, atomizer group Into:The external duck shed running water pipe of doser, automatically can add chlorine dioxide concentrate by a certain percentage when water pipe reclaimed water flows Enter in spraying water, one doser of pressure pump, other end is connected with water pipe, be equipped with water pipe spraying pipeline every 1-1.5m Atomizer.The KG316T type microcomputer time controlleds that the time control switch is produced using Zhejiang Ai Deli Electrical Appliances Co., Ltd are opened Close, time control switch is directly connected to power supply, control the switch time of daily pump power;Pressure pump used is commercially available common Carwash compression pump, operating pressure 1-6MPa.The water pipe uses commercially available PVC4-7 hollow billets (internal diameter 4mm, external diameter 7mm), atomization Shower nozzle closes atomizer using commercially available band threeway is adjustable, and capacity of sprinkler and atomizing effect can be adjusted, and water fog particle is trickle ≤ 70 microns, flow 0-7L/h, spread of spray diameter about 80cm, nozzle are detachably easy to cleaning.

The outer duck group spray cleaning apparatus 21 of house so works:

According to daily duck on daytime group's characteristic of activities and seasonal characteristic, make kind of duck in drinking-water while receiving spray contains titanium dioxide The water smoke (chlorine dioxide concentration 5-20ppm in spray water) of chlorine;By regulating time controlling switch, daily pressure pump work is set Make 3-5 times (general summer high temperature weather is opened 4-5 times, and spring and autumn is opened 3 times), each spray time 10-20min;According to kind Duck cleans situation and temperature height, and each capacity of sprinkler is controlled in 3-5L/h by adjusting atomizer, it is general plant duck body surface compared with Dirty, recent death and culling rate is higher or improves capacity of sprinkler during higher temperature.

The outer duck group spray cleaning apparatus 21 of house was sprayed mainly in spring, summer, three seasons of autumn, and winter cold snap is not sprayed. General weather spraying 3 times daily of having a moderate climate, when respectively morning kind duck puts circle, afternoon 1-2 points, kind duck in afternoon returned 1 before duck shed Hour.Concrete operations are:First, morning kind duck, which has just been put into after sports ground, opens the outer duck group spray cleaning system progress whole day of house Spray for the first time, now plant duck and pass through a night in duck shed, be badly in need of drinking-water, while planting the defecation of duck night and high density phase mutual connection Touch, plant duck mating, cause morning duck body, feather seriously polluted, so now spraying to kind of duck cleaning effect preferably, reduce simultaneously Duck is planted to play with water pollution to drinking water;Second, afternoon 1-2 points provide second and sprayed, and now plant duck by the morning in motion Duck body is dirtier after activity, contact, defecation on field, and now temperature is higher, and spraying can effectively clean duck body and reduce high yield Plant the heat stress of duck;3rd, afternoon, kind duck was returned before duck shed 1 hour, was accumulated due to duck excrement in sports ground within one day, now planted duck contact Excrement amount is maximum, at the same it is i.e. that the kind duck night density of loop is big, contact many, easily cause epidemic disease infection, now spraying can have Effect cleaning duck body, is prevented effectively from the propagation of duck disease.On this basis when temperature is higher, daily daytime can be suitably in the high temperature period 1-2 spraying of increase, to cool to kind of duck.

The advantage of the outer duck group spray cleaning apparatus 21 of house is:First, meet Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck and pass through cleaning of playing with water The biological habit of duck body and feather, while inhibiting kind of a duck to be dabbled in drinking trough frequency, reduces kind of duck to drinking water Pollution and waste;Second, due to adding chlorine dioxide in spray water, disinfective action is played to kind of a duck body surface, effectively reduced The epidemic disease incidence and death and culling rate of Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck, take the fermentation bed kind duck drought of house external spraying cleaning systems to support side according to statistics Formula is lower by 40.3% than without the foster mode kind duck full period death and culling rate of fermentation bed kind duck drought of house external spraying cleaning systems;3rd, with The artificial circulating water pool Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck feeding manner of modified is compared, and is greatly lowered and is used water cost:By taking summer as an example, improve One duck shed of the artificial circulating water pool Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck feeding manner of type is per 4.5 tons or so of daily water consumption, and duck group's spray cleaning System is started 5 times daily, each 15-20min, (50 shower nozzle * 4L*1.5h) duck shed water consumption 300kg or so, than the former Water saving more than 90%;4th, cooling function is also acted to the spraying of Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck in hot weather, simultaneously because crack Plate and following ditch, which are set, makes unnecessary water quickly discharge, and maintains the drying of sports ground, reduces Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck heat Stress incidence.

As shown in figure 1, the Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck fermentation bed structure with bottom inflatable fermentation system, including:Top layer 20cm discreteness padding layer, lower floor's 15-20cm stalk layers, the fermentation bed bottom inflatable fermentation system of bottom.

Described inflation fermentation system includes the gas ducting device 8 under inflation power set 7 and its bed course being connected.

As shown in figure 4, described gas ducting device 8 includes nanometer aeration pipe 81, gas tube 82 and gas tube solidification base Plinth plate 83;The gas tube is PPR water pipe.

As shown in figure 5, described inflation power set 7 include blower fan 71, supervisor 72, valve 73 and are in charge of 74;Described Blower fan 71 is roots blower;Described supervisor 72 is that steel compiles flexible pipe;It is described to be in charge of 74 and compile flexible pipe for steel.

The roots blower uses HRE50L types roots blower (the specified work(that Zhejiang Zhenglin Machinery Manufacturing Co., Ltd. produces Rate 1.5kw, rated voltage 220/380v, maximum quantity of wind 180m3/ h, maximum gas pressure 30kpa, noise≤60db), a such a rule GROZ-BECKERT motor can be inflated to the kind duck of 4000-8000 ㎡ specification of the present invention with fermentation bed bottom, effectively be promoted Enter pad material fermentation.

The steel compile flexible pipe using commercially available internal diameter 6.4mm steel wire reinforcement rubber outer covering layer flexible pipe (operating pressure 25Mpa, Burst pressure 100Mpa);The nanometer aeration pipe uses the hundred river board antibacterials that river oxygen increasing equipment Co., Ltd of Jiangyin City hundred produces Type micropore aeration pipe (aeration tube external diameter:Internal diameter:Micropore average pore size:Micropore arranges density:700~1200/meter).

Fermentation bed bottom inflatable fermentation system structure includes main line and branch line, and Roots's motor and therewith is included on main line structure The steel of connection compiles flexible pipe, and steel compiles flexible pipe and is provided with branch, and the air-flow that Roots's motor is produced is transported to each duck shed, each branch Place is provided with valve 73, the switch of each duck shed inflation fermentation air-flow of control;Reach the steel outside every duck shed and compile flexible pipe along duck shed north Side extends, and branch is formed every 1-2 meters and is laid on duck shed fermenting bed padding bottom of pond portion, these branches constitute fermentation bed bottom inflatable Installation for fermenting branch line, branch line is compiled flexible pipe by steel and introduced behind duck shed fermenting bed padding bottom of pond portion every 30-50cm installations 10-15cm Nanometer aeration pipe, 1 cun of PPR water pipe of nanometer aeration pipe overcoat diameter, water pipe two is sealed by paraffin and fixed, water pipe outer surface water Diameter 0.2cm ventholes 84 are opened at interval of 0.5-1cm distances square to both sides and both sides obliquely downward, for fermentation bed lower floor pad Material inflation.

Inflation line solidifies soleplate 83:Fermenting bed padding bottom of pond portion laying fermentation bed bottom inflatable fermentation system branch line position The ground put need to tamp in advance, and lay the cement plate with triangle groove 85, for placing and solid-state fermentation bed bottom inflatable Installation for fermenting branch line.

Before laying fermentation bed bed course 9, the steel for having installed nanometer aeration pipe 81 and overcoat PPR water pipe is compiled into flexible pipe pipe Line is laid on fermenting bed padding bottom of pond portion according to 1-2m spacing.

The advantage of Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck fermentation bed structure with bottom inflatable fermentation system is:First, pipe installation letter Single, durable in use, cost is low:It is main piping material to compile flexible pipe as a result of steel, and the resistance to compression of steel volume flexible pipe, pliability are good, can The features such as bending, acid and alkali-resistance, high temperature resistant, low temperature, it is laid on earth's surface and fermenting bed padding bottom is all hardly damaged, and into This is very low;Simultaneously as being directly to fermentation bed bottom inflatable, it is not necessary to which the mechanicalness to bottom bedding and padding turns over rake operation, so The large-scale machine for turning up the soil and harrowing tool such as powerful turner need not be bought, the consumption of machine for turning up the soil and harrowing tool and energy cost is reduced.Second, change Kind breeding environment, and it is more environmentally friendly:Bottom inflatable fermentation promotes fermentation bed bottom anaerobic environment to be changed into aerobic environment, suppresses NH3、 H2The foul gas such as S and CH4、N2The generation of O isothermal chamber gases, improves cultivation and ecological environment, reduces kind of a hair for pest of duck disease Raw rate.3rd, the density of Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck intensive farm is further increased, bottom inflatable fermentation system also promotes table The aerobic degradation of duck excrement, so as to improve the animal number of unit area fermentation bed, adds the kind duck of identical duck shed in layer 20cm The number of animals raised.4th, the opening frequency of inflation fermentation system is increased in the winter time can effectively improve the temperature inside bedding and padding, to Growth of Cherry Valley Meat duck provides warm living environment, it is to avoid the appearance of Cold stress.5th, addition is opened using bottom inflatable fermentation system The bedding and padding of dynamic leavening and syrup are inflated fermentation, can quickly improve bedding and padding temperature, can effectively kill residual in fermenting bed padding The sex pheromone and parasitic ovum stayed.

The laying structure and its management method of Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck fermentation bed:

Described kind of duck fermenting bed padding thickness about 35-40cm.Fermenting bed padding laying structure and processing method are:Lower floor 20cm uses complete maize straw or rice wheat straw, and stalk intersects laying in 90 ° every 5cm thickness, lays every layer of stalk mistake Cheng Zhong, inoculation fermentation bed is uniformly sprayed into stalk and starts leavening, lower floor's stalk padding layer humidity is kept in 35-45%;On Layer laying is using bedding and padding such as vinasse, the mushroom brans of discreteness, and process of deployment sprays inoculation fermentation bed into bedding and padding and starts leavening, protects Upper strata stalk padding layer humidity is held 45% or so, then overlay film fermentation, 7 days fermentation time winters, 14 days summers, during which daily Open fermentation bed bottom inflatable fermentation system to inflate bottom bedding and padding 0.5-1 hours, so as to promote the fermenting bed padding just laid Bulk temperature is climbed to 55-60 DEG C, completes to start fermentation.

Plant the daily management method of duck fermenting bed padding:

Because the web structure of duck pawl is easily caused the hardened of fermenting bed padding top layer, bedding and padding gas permeability is caused to be deteriorated, so Periodically kind of a duck shed fermentation bed top layer 15-20cm bedding and padding are carried out to turn over rake processing, fermentation bed bottom stalk layer is also required to regular replenishment Oxygenation, promotes aerobic fermentation, accelerates the zymohydrolysis of fermenting bed padding integrally to kind of duck excrement just, suppresses reproducibility foul gas (NH3、H2S etc.) generation.Specifically:According to the hardened degree of top layer bedding and padding, top layer bedding and padding are carried out every 3-5 days to turn over rake.It is early In morning, take advantage of kind of duck and all gone out from duck shed onto kind of duck sports ground after activity, kind of a duck is isolated in outside duck shed with isolation purse seine, prevent It is only indivedual to plant ducks and run back kind of a duck shed;Then, the farthest one jiao of startup machine for turning up the soil and harrowing of duck shed of duck playground is planted in distance, starts turn over every time First kept after rake machine under machine for turning up the soil and harrowing idling mode 1-2 minutes, observation kind duck group's state, when duck group's performance is not substantially kept away noise Allow, faint from fear etc. after stress reaction, running machine for turning up the soil and harrowing, kind of a duck shed fermentation bed top layer bedding and padding are carried out turning over rake, crushed, rake depth is turned over 17.5-20cm;After the completion of fermenting bed padding turns over rake, start centrifugation humidifier, advance, uniformly sprayed into house along duck shed southern side Mist, is rapidly removed due to turning over the airborne dust produced by rake bedding and padding in kind of duck shed, while fermentation bed bottom inflatable fermentation system is opened, it is right The bedding and padding inflation oxygenating of fermentation bed bottom, promotes aerobic fermentation, and inflation fermentation time controls small in 0.5-1 according to bedding and padding humidity condition When, inflationtime is long during high humidity, and humidity hour inflationtime shortens;After kind of duck shed airborne dust is removed, remove isolation purse seine and permit Perhaps plant duck and be freely accessible to duck shed., can be as needed in the Water in Water Tank of centrifugation humidifier when using centrifugation humidifier spray for dust suppression Middle addition 5-10ppm chlorine dioxide is used to sterilize colony house, and fermentation bed fermenting agent can be also added in Water in Water Tank to supplement Beneficial bacterium in bedding and padding, promotes the progress of the beneficial fermentation of fermentation bed.The fermentation bed fermenting agent is raiseeed using academy of agricultural sciences of Jiangsu Province Herd II type fermentation bed fermenting agent of Research Institute.

Management of the bottom inflatable fermentation system to fermentation bed lower floor bedding and padding:

In addition to when top layer bedding and padding turn over rake to the inflation fermentation of bottom bedding and padding, in addition to situations below is carried out to bottom bedding and padding Management:First, daily inflation fermentation is laid eggs early stage, per 2-3 days once, each 20-30min, Growth of Cherry Valley in Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck Per 1-2 days once, each 30min typically took advantage of and hair was inflated in sports ground kind of a duck daytime to eliminating meat duck laying period Ferment;Second, winter low temperature weather, in order to improve fermentation bed duck shed temperature, 8-10 points start fermentation bed bottom inflatable hair at night Ferment system, each 30-50min can typically improve kind of 3-5 DEG C of a duck ABD pad material temperature degree;3rd, introduce before novel species duck newly-hatched duckling, it is right During fermenting bed padding restarting fermentation, fermentation is inflated to the bedding and padding that addition starts leavening and white sugar, can quickly be improved Bedding and padding temperature, can effectively kill the sex pheromone and parasitic ovum remained in fermenting bed padding, be specifically, and first bedding and padding are carried out Entirety turns over rake, and then depth 30-35cm adds and started by the I type fermentation bed containing academy of agricultural sciences of Jiangsu Province herding Research Institute Fermenting agent and white sugar water, fermentation bed bacteria addition 1kg/500-600 ㎡, white sugar addition 5-10kg/100 ㎡, adjusting pad Humidity is expected to 40-50%, and now the overcover such as fermentation bed Surface mulch film or straw screen or mat, starts fermentation bed bottom inflatable fermentation system System, 3 times a day, each 30-50min rose to 50 DEG C or so, local temperature is more than 60 by 3-5 days bedding and padding ensemble average temperature DEG C, remove Surface mulch thing, mean temperature continues to rise 5 DEG C or so, maintained 3-5 days, harmful sex pheromone in bedding and padding with Parasitic ovum is killed substantially, now stops above-mentioned inflation fermentation operation, and fermenting bed padding is restarted fermentation and completed, then by 7-10 It can introduce newly-hatched duckling raising.

The machine for turning up the soil and harrowing uses the YYS-101 self-propelled rotary cultivators that Yiwu Yuan You plant equipment Co., Ltd produces, and uses 6.5 a petrol engine, ploughed depth 175-350mm.

The centrifugation humidifier uses the SC-LX-YD type spinning disk humidifiers that upper sea cowry water chestnut Electrical Appliances Co., Ltd produces, volume Determine voltage 220V, Maximum Ventilatory Volume 6000m3, maximum spray amount 50kg/h.

The laying structure of Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck fermentation bed and its advantage of management method are:First, reduce fermentation bed The cost input of bedding and padding, the bedding and padding thickness of general fermentation bed cultivation is 50-80cm, and more using wood chip, rice husk etc. relative into This higher bedding and padding raw material, the bedding and padding thickness that the present invention is used only has 35-40cm, and the lower floor's bedding and padding used is in vast rural areas The corn or rice wheat straw that can be readily available, what top layer was used is also the agricultural wastes such as waste matter and bacteria residue, so that greatly Reduce Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck fermentation bed raising bedding and padding cost;Second, small using top layer machine for turning up the soil and harrowing tool horsepower, noise is small, Kind of duck is produced stress be small, and kind of a duck production performance is not influenceed:Because the duck shed fermenting bed padding gross thickness of use is less than 40cm, table Layer scattering bedding and padding thickness only has 20cm, uses rotary cultivator using 6.5 petrol engines, noise compares conventional diesel rotary tillage Machine is much smaller, simultaneously as turn over rake bedding and padding depth only need to 15-20cm, to turn over rake power demand less, general warranty 1/3- 1/2 power output can complete top layer bedding and padding and turn over rake, be driven into while turning over kind duck during rake outside house, so substantially will not be to kind of a duck Produce influence.

This Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck fermentation bed feeding and management method is compared traditional water and supported to be had with the foster pattern of traditional zymotic bed drought Following advantage:

First, using the thin pad material fermentation bed structure and management method of bottom inflatable fermentation system, real using fermentation bed Duck excrement is now planted just on the premise of ira situ degradation, the hardened problem of fermenting bed padding caused by duck biological characteristics is effectively overcome, optimizes Fermenting bed padding structure and management mode, improve the aerobic degradation ability of fermenting bed padding to kind of duck excrement just, reduce stench The discharge of gas and greenhouse gases, makes that the breeding environment of meat duck is much cleaner, environmental protection;Meanwhile, thin pad material fermentation bed structure is saved Kind duck fermenting bed padding input and management cost, wherein bedding and padding input cost decline more than 50%, and turn over the machinery of rake bedding and padding Power demand declines a lot, and the purchase and Energy Consumption Cost for making machine for turning up the soil and harrowing tool significantly decline, and mechanicalness noise decline subtracts The stress reaction for planting duck is lacked.

Second, the ecological drought of Growth of Cherry Valley meat duck foster booth, sports ground and its allocation of facility structure are saved and raised for kind of duck The consumption of the facilities such as foster pond and water source, raises than the Traditional Man water surface save water source more than 90% according to statistics, so as to reduce Sewage discharge to surrounding enviroment, makes breeding process more save, environmental protection;Planted using outer duck group spray cleaning system satisfaction is given up Duck plays with water and cleared up the biological habit of feather, and the addition of disinfection agent of chlorine dioxide makes kind of a duck clean hygiene, effectively reduces kind The epidemic disease incidence and death and culling rate of duck, improve the production performance of kind of duck, improve culture benefit.

3rd, this method improves the aerobic degradation ability of fermenting bed padding to kind of duck excrement just, can improve according to statistics identical Area colony house kind duck animal number 15-30%, improves the cultivation amount of unit duck shed;Meanwhile, the outer duck group spray of house described in this method Mist cleaning systems fundamentally solve tradition and plant dependence of the duck cultivation to nature or artificial water, reduce plant and build face Input in terms of product.

By experiment statisticses, this method for breeding improves laying rate 4.59% compared to the foster pattern of traditional zymotic bed drought, compared to biography Water of uniting supports pattern and improves laying rate 1.48%;Rate of fertilization difference is not notable;The pattern reduction more foster than tradition drought of full period feedstuff-egg ratio 3.68%, support pattern feedstuff-egg ratio reduction by 1.09% than traditional water.And laying period kind duck death and culling rate is than the foster pattern of traditional zymotic bed drought It is low by 40.31%, support pattern than traditional water low by 29.96%;Effectively improve cultivation comprehensive benefit about 30%.This method Pei County, Gaoyou etc. is promoted the use of more, raises duck year only more than more than 80 ten thousand plumages, wherein Pei County drought supports 400,000 plumages, accounts for locality and raises total amount 80%, problem of environmental pollution is solved substantially, up to ten million sewage disposal expenses are saved, and social benefit is notable with ecological benefits, by Accreditation and favorable comment to local government, enterprise and raiser.

Above-described embodiment is preferably embodiment, but embodiments of the present invention are not by above-described embodiment of the invention Limitation, other any Spirit Essences without departing from the present invention and the change made under principle, modification, replacement, combine, simplification, Equivalent substitute mode is should be, is included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat duck fermentation bed breeding house, it is characterised in that including kind of duck booth and a sports ground Institute, described kind duck booth is connected with motion threshing ground;Described kind duck booth includes She Qiang, ceiling and bottom inflatable fermentation bed, Described ceiling is arranged on She Qiang, described bottom inflatable fermentation bed be layed in house walled around ground on;Described bottom Inflating fermentation bed includes the inflation fermentation system below fermentation bed bed course and fermentation bed bed course;Described fermentation bed bed course includes table Layer 20cm discreteness padding layer and lower floor's 15-20cm stalk layers;Described inflation fermentation system include inflation power set and Gas ducting device under its bed course being connected;
Described gas ducting device includes nanometer aeration pipe, gas tube and gas tube solidification soleplate;Described nanometer aeration Pipe is arranged in gas tube, is provided with described gas tube on venthole, described solidification soleplate and is provided with triangle groove, Described gas tube is arranged on triangle groove, and described nanometer aeration pipe connects with inflation power set, is filled by inflation power Offer air is provided;Described gas tube is laid on fermenting bed padding bottom according to 1~2m spacing;
Described inflation power set include blower fan, supervisor, valve and are in charge of;Described blower fan is connected with supervisor, described master Pipe with it is some be in charge of be connected, described being in charge of is provided with valve, and described being in charge of connects with nanometer aeration pipe;
Described blower fan is roots blower;
Described supervisor is that steel compiles flexible pipe;
Described being in charge of compiles flexible pipe for steel;
Described plant duck booth and the area ratio in motion threshing ground is 1:1~1.5;
Laid using fragment of brick in described motion threshing ground;Water slope is returned from the lateral peripheral hardware 1-3% of duck shed canopy one is planted in described motion threshing ground Degree;
Described motion threshing ground is provided with drinking device and spray cleaning apparatus, described drinking device and spray cleaning apparatus with Duck shed canopy is planted to be arranged in parallel;Described spray cleaning apparatus is arranged above described drinking device, described drinking device bag Drinking trough, gutter and slatted floor are included, described gutter is arranged at the both sides of drinking trough, and described slatted floor is arranged at On gutter;Described drinking trough is made of external diameter 11-16cmPVC pipes, outer block cement support;
Described ceiling includes the thermal insulation layer and heat-insulation layer set up on supporter and supporter;Described supporter is triangle steel Frame, described thermal insulation layer is color steel tile, and described heat-insulation layer is 15cm foamed plastics;
Unpowered turbine ventilated device is provided with the top of described ceiling;
Described She Qiang is connect to surround and formed by the wall and other three face walls body phases close to motion threshing ground side;Described close fortune The wall of dynamic threshing ground side is made up of hollow concrete block fence high 1m and upside and the wound membrane curtain of ceiling side edge, it is described its He is built into three face wall bodies by hollow concrete block, and ventilation window is provided with other described three face walls bodies;
Duck hopper is provided with described fermentation bed;
Laying nest is provided with described fermentation bed, described laying nest is arranged at beside the house wall away from wound membrane curtain;
The gas tube is PPR water pipe;Described discreteness padding layer is waste matter or bacteria residue.
CN201410433219.0A 2014-08-28 2014-08-28 A kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat duck fermentation bed breeding house CN104186368B (en)

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CN105494148A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-04-20 太仓东浔生物科技有限公司 Livestock and poultry feeding shed
CN106719077B (en) * 2016-11-24 2020-11-20 刘祥 Method for raising chicken by using fermentation bed
CN106719069B (en) * 2016-11-24 2020-10-23 蚌埠翰邦知识产权服务有限公司 Chicken coop with fermentation bed
CN106718981A (en) * 2017-01-11 2017-05-31 重庆市农业科学院 A kind of method of pig bedding and padding and Rapid Fermentation in situ
CN107335076A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-11-10 北京金星鸭业有限公司 A kind of sterilization method of fermentation bed

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