CN101926303A - Dry-breeding method and breeding facilities for cherry valley ducks - Google Patents

Dry-breeding method and breeding facilities for cherry valley ducks Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101926303A
CN101926303A CN 201010143135 CN201010143135A CN101926303A CN 101926303 A CN101926303 A CN 101926303A CN 201010143135 CN201010143135 CN 201010143135 CN 201010143135 A CN201010143135 A CN 201010143135A CN 101926303 A CN101926303 A CN 101926303A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
duck
immunity
duckling
grain
sports ground
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN 201010143135
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈建良
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HUZHOU ZHONGWANG FOWL INDUSTRY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
HUZHOU ZHONGWANG FOWL INDUSTRY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HUZHOU ZHONGWANG FOWL INDUSTRY Co Ltd filed Critical HUZHOU ZHONGWANG FOWL INDUSTRY Co Ltd
Priority to CN 201010143135 priority Critical patent/CN101926303A/en
Publication of CN101926303A publication Critical patent/CN101926303A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to full control technology and breeding facilities under a dry-breeding method for cherry valley ducks. The technical scheme is that: the dry-breeding method for the cherry valley ducks comprises breeding management, epidemic disease control management and sewage treatment, wherein the breeding management comprises feed amount control, number control on male and female ducks and breeding density control; the epidemic disease control management comprises a step of regularly replacing bath water in a bath pool and a step of making an immunization program for the cherry valley ducks; and the sewage treatment comprises a step of regularly draining the bath water in the bath pool and a step of performing three-level settlement, aeration and filtering on the sewage.

Description

Cherry seed-grain duck drought raise method and breeding facility
Technical field
The present invention relates to omnidistance control technology and breeding facility under the drought raise method of cherry seed-grain duck.
Background technology
Foster duck already is one of important conventional industries, plays an important role to promoting development of rural economy.Yet, continuous quickening and people's improving constantly along with the urbanization of villages process to environmental requirement, the drawback that the duck mode is supported in traditional pond or river manifests day by day, is embodied in: 1, can reduce day by day for the breeding environment resource of utilizing, development space is restricted; 2, because unit plane stow fowl amount is excessive, and duck body metabolism excreta directly is discharged in pond or the river, surpass the natural purifying ability of water body, the enrichment of water body organic composition, little ecosystem balance is destroyed, and causes water quality deterioration and contaminated environment; 3, intensive raising has increased the mutual chance of propagating between duck body and pathogenic microorganism contact infection and the eqpidemic disease with relative open feeding environment, already constitute a serious threat to supporting duck, for the control eqpidemic disease adopts chemoprophylaxis treatment measure, then increase medicine residual in product, and then influence health.Environmental protection in above-mentioned drawback and the urbanization of villages process and people conflict to constituting sharp contradiction between the consumption demand of food security; how to change current foster duck industry contaminated environment present situation; solve the problem of environmental pollution of existing cultural method; the change pollution source are the regeneration resource; improve overall economic efficiency, optimize strong operability, economic benefit and social ecological benefits and support the duck method significantly to realize that supporting the duck industry has become the current problem of researching and solving that presses for harmonious development.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide the drought raise method that is fit to cherry seed-grain duck, this kind method has the advantages that to save feed, raising laying rate, reduce plant's floor space.
Above-mentioned technical purpose of the present invention is achieved by the following technical programs: cherry seed-grain duck drought raise method, and it comprises feeding and management, epidemic disease control management and waste water treatment; Described feeding and management comprises the control of material amount, the control of male and female quantity and stocking density control; Epidemic disease control management is for regularly to change the bathing water in bathing pond, and formulation cherry seed-grain duck immune programme for children; Described waste water treatment is discharged for regular bathing water to the bathing pond, and sewage is carried out three grades of precipitations, aeration and filtration treatment.
As of the present invention preferred, described material amount is controlled to be the amount of determining feed according to laying rate and egg size; The control of male and female quantity is that the ratio of drake quantity and duck quantity is 1:4.5 to 1:6.0; Stocking density control is as follows: the duckling under two ages in week is 28 to 40 every square metre, and two ages in week, the duckling in age was 20 to 25 every square metre extremely all around, and be 6 to 8 every square metre to opening the duck of breeding that produces the last fortnight age all around, and laying ducks is 3 to 5 every square metre.
As of the present invention preferred, described cherry seed-grain duck immune programme for children comprises duckling group immunity, duckling group immunity and plants duck group immunity;
Duckling group immunity comprises:
A, the duck virus hepatitis seedling immunity of living: duckling is used this works seedling immunity, hypodermic injection immunity, isolated rearing in immune back 7 days during 3 ages in days after going out shell;
B, the sick inactivated vaccine of riemerella anatipestifer, riemerella anatipestifer disease or the immunity of colibacillosis dyad inactivated vaccine: duckling is used single seedling or the immunity of bigeminy seedling, every hypodermic injection 0.5ml when 1 age in week age to 2 in week;
C, the immunity of duck influenza inactivated vaccine: duckling when 1 age in age to 2 week week with this vaccine II formulation or the immunity of I formulation inactivated vaccine, every plumage hypodermic injection 0.5ml;
D, duck plague seedling immunity alive: carry out duck plague seedling immunity alive during duckling 15 ages in days, hypodermic injection 0.5ml;
E, serum or Yolk antibody immunity: in that the popular zone of duckling virus hepatitis is arranged, to the duckling of health, every hypodermic injection duckling virus hepatitis antiserum 0.5ml in 7 ages in days, hypodermic injection duckling virus hepatitis Yolk antibody 1ml; To epidemic situation is arranged but the anosis duckling of outward appearance, every hypodermic injection duckling virus hepatitis antiserum 0.7 is to lml, and hypodermic injection duckling virus hepatitis Yolk antibody 1.4 is to 2ml; To sick duck injection duckling virus hepatitis antiserum l to 1.5ml, injection duckling virus hepatitis Yolk antibody 2 is to 3ml;
Duckling group immunity is after 1 month, to use the immunity of I formulation inactivated vaccine with the immunity of duck influenza inactivated vaccine II formulation more for the first time; Or using the immunity of I formulation inactivated vaccine for the first time after 1.5 to 2 months again with the immunity of I formulation inactivated vaccine, every muscle or hypodermic injection lml;
Planting duck group immunity comprises:
A, the immunity of duck influenza inactivated vaccine: plant duck and in preceding 2 to 4 weeks of laying eggs, use the inactivated vaccine immunity, every intramuscular injection 1.0 to 1.5ml I formulation inactivated vaccines; Once immunity, every intramuscular injection l to 1.5ml I formulation inactivated vaccine are carried out in immunity again in the time of back 2 months before laying eggs;
B, the immunity of cholera fowl inactivated vaccine;
C, duck plague seedling immunity alive;
D, the duckling virus hepatitis seedling immunity of living: plant duck in preceding 2 weeks of laying eggs with this work seedling immunity.
As of the present invention preferred, the frequency of bathing water discharging was to carry out primary emission summer every three days, and spring and autumn carried out primary emission every four days, carried out primary emission winter every five days; Described three grades of precipitations, aeration and filtration treatment are: sewage reaches Separation of Solid and Liquid after entering three grades of sedimentation basin precipitations 72 hours and anaerobic fermentation processing, and parting liquid enters the lagoon oxidation and purifies one month.
As present invention further optimization, the ratio of described drake quantity and duck quantity is 1:4.8; The stocking density of laying ducks is 4 every square metre.
The feed nutrition that drought is supported the cherry seed-grain duck of cherry seed-grain duck and pond putting in a suitable place to breed is identical, and concrete prescription sees Table 1(cherry paddy meat duck kind duck nutritional requirement), the vitamin requirement of table 2(cherry seed-grain duck) and show little ore deposit demand of 3(cherry seed-grain duck).
Table 1: cherry paddy meat duck kind duck nutritional requirement
Table 2: the vitamin requirement of cherry seed-grain duck
Table 3: little ore deposit demand of cherry seed-grain duck
Drought support cherry seed-grain duck and pond put in a suitable place to breed cherry kind paddy duck bathing and mating behavior, search for food and drinking behavior, rest and sleep behavior, the behavior of combing feather, the behavior five of laying eggs aspect contrast as follows:
(1) bathing and mating behavior: under the limited drought raise method of water area resource, the behavior performance of duck is normal substantially, drought supports group and group hair color no significant difference is put in the pond in a suitable place to breed, but under water surface condition of limited, the time that duck stays in the water surface shortens, and activity descends, in the pond common diving and upright clap the wing behavior then difficulty observe, mating behavior can normally be carried out at the water surface of 20 centimetres of the depth of waters, shows that drought raise method is suitable for cherry seed-grain duck and produces;
(2) search for food and drinking behavior: cherry seed-grain duck searching for food under drought raise method is normal with drinking behavior, there is not uncomfortable performance, but because the duck most of the time stand on the sports ground, activity time is short in water, activity is little, thereby feed intake puts duck in a suitable place to breed than the pond and reduces, and shows under the drought raise method and can save feed;
(3) have a rest and sleep behavior: duck has a rest and sleep behavior has 2 kinds of modes: a kind of is the rest behavior of standing, and another is the ground rest behavior of crouching, and drought supports that to put rest and the sleep behavior of duck in a suitable place to breed identical with the pond, and no significant abnormal shows;
(4) combing feather behavior: when drought was supported duck play with water the disembarkation rest in the bathing pond, the shake wing shrugged off a large amount of water on one's body earlier, picks the lubricated in certain sequence combing feather of tail fat with beak then, and to put duck in a suitable place to breed basic identical with the pond;
(5) behavior of laying eggs: drought is supported duck and is laid eggs that to put duck in a suitable place to breed the same for habit and pond, lays eggs to concentrate on 3 to 5 of late into the night during this period of time.
Drought is supported cherry seed-grain duck and is put cherry kind paddy duck in a suitable place to breed on productivity with the pond, comprise grow, laying rate, egg material compare, the contrast of fertilization rate and incubation rate is as follows:
The adult cherry seed-grain duck of laying eggs the initial stage and laying eggs mid-term is divided into 2 groups respectively at random, carries out drought foster (I group, experimental group) and pond respectively and puts (II group, control group) in a suitable place to breed, adds up productivitys such as egg production, fertilization rate and incubation rate respectively, 30 days experimental periods; Duration of test writes down feed intake and the egg production of every group of kind duck every day, meter laying rate and egg material ratio; Fertilization rate and incubation rate are unit with the week, weekly every group of kind duck are produced kind of egg and carry out fertilization rate and incubation rate mensuration.
The quantity of every composition year cherry seed-grain duck is as follows:
Group Lay eggs the initial stage (only) Lay eggs mid-term (only)
1380 1320
1380 1320
(1) grow: the beginning oviposition period of cherry seed-grain duck under drought raise method was 23 ages in week, and the body weight when beginning to lay eggs is drake 4.25kg, duck 3.20kg, and the situation of growing of putting duck with traditional pond in a suitable place to breed is suitable;
(2) laying rate: early stage (32 to 36 age in week) the cherry seed-grain duck of laying eggs is tested through 30d, drought is supported experimental group and is always laid eggs 5959 jin, laying rate 88.56%, and the pond is put control group in a suitable place to breed and is always laid eggs 5782 jin, laying rate 87.08%, the experimental group laying rate increases by 1.48% than control group; (64 to 68 age in week) the cherry seed-grain duck of laying eggs mid-term is tested through 30d, and drought is supported experimental group and always laid eggs 5407 jin, laying rate 83.23%, and the pond is put control group in a suitable place to breed and is always laid eggs 5033 jin, laying rate 78.20%, the experimental group laying rate increases by 5.03% than control group.Show and laying eggs early stage and laying eggs mid-term that the laying rate of the foster cherry seed-grain duck of drought is higher than traditional pond and puts in a suitable place to breed;
(3) egg material ratio: early stage (32 to 36 age in week) the cherry seed-grain duck of laying eggs is tested through 30d, and it is 0.285 that drought is supported experimental group egg material ratio, and it is 0.270 that control group egg material ratio is put in the pond in a suitable place to breed, and experimental group egg material compares control group increases by 0.015; (64 to 68 age in week) the cherry seed-grain duck of laying eggs mid-term is tested through 30d, and it is 0.237 that drought is supported experimental group egg material ratio, and it is 0.214 that control group egg material ratio is put in the pond in a suitable place to breed, and experimental group egg material compares control group increases by 0.023.Show and laying eggs early stage and laying eggs mid-term that drought is supported the feed conversion rate height of all putting cherry seed-grain duck than traditional pond in a suitable place to breed, saves feed respectively and reaches 2.35% and 2.01%;
(4) fertilization rate and incubation rate: early stage (32 to 36 age in week) cherry seed-grain duck fertility rate of hatching egg and the hatchability of fertile eggs under drought raise method of laying eggs is respectively 94.6% and 95.4%, and traditional pond is put the fertility rate of hatching egg and the hatchability of fertile eggs of control group in a suitable place to breed and is respectively 93.6% and 95.0%; (64 to 68 age in week) cherry seed-grain duck fertility rate of hatching egg and the hatchability of fertile eggs under drought raise method of laying eggs mid-term is respectively 86.0% and 85.48%, and traditional pond is put the fertility rate of hatching egg and the hatchability of fertile eggs of control group in a suitable place to breed and is respectively 86.2% and 85.2%, check there was no significant difference by statistics, the result shows under the situation of the limited water surface, plants the mating behavior of duck and the fertilization rate and the hatchability of fertile eggs of kind egg and all is not subjected to obvious influence.
Cherry seed-grain duck drought is supported male and female quantity than determining: the fertilization rate result of study that the male and female ratio is respectively each group kind of duck of 1:4.5 or 1:4.8,1:5.0,1:5.5,1:6.0 shows, the fertilization rate of each group is all more than 94%, but, from the fertilization rate between each group week is 1:4.8 for the highest group, fertilization rate more than 95% occurs 3 times, be up to 96.3% 35 ages in week, male and female ratio 1:4.5,1:5.0,1:5.5,1:6.0, reaching 95% above fertilization rate occurs 1 to 2 time, illustrate that drought is supported cherry seed-grain duck male and female ratio and pressed 1:4.8 raising the best.
Stocking density becomes positive correlation with the availability of assets, increasing density can reduce cost to a certain extent, but density becomes negative correlation again with production targets such as laying rate, fertilization rate, also increase raising stocking density that can not be simply and ignore influence accordingly to production target with the increase management difficulty of density with to the requirement of management.Cherry seed-grain duck drought is supported and is contrasted as follows with pond stocking method stocking density down:
With 32 to 36 the week ages cherry seed-grain duck respectively with 5.0/m 2With 4.0/m 2Density carry out drought and support, found that its average fertilization rate is respectively 89.4% and 94.3%, (3.0/m of ducks are put in the pond in a suitable place to breed 2) average fertilization rate be 94.6%, show that drought supports the stocking density of cherry seed-grain duck with 4.0/m 2More satisfactory, its average fertilization rate and stocking density are 3.0/m 2To put duck in a suitable place to breed suitable in the pond; Under the suitable situation of average fertilization rate, it is about 33.3% that the stocking density that drought is supported cherry seed-grain duck can be put duck in a suitable place to breed greater than the pond, thereby save plant's land area more than 30%.
The present invention also provides and implements the needed breeding facility of above-mentioned cherry seed-grain duck drought raise method, and it comprises duck shed, sports ground, bathing pond, sewage treatment facility, and sewage treatment facility comprises three grades of sedimentation basins, lagoon; The roof of described duck shed adopts heat-insulating material; The front and back walls of duck shed adopts full open type or semi-open-type; The ground of duck shed exceeds the outer ground of house; Sports ground is positioned at duck shed one length direction side, the sports ground area is 1 to 1.2 times of duck shed, be implanted with trees or sports ground top on the sports ground sunshade net is installed, the bathing pond is positioned at a length direction side of sports ground, the ground of sports ground has the gradient, and the physical features of a side of the close duck shed of sports ground is than the high-land of a side in close bathing pond; The sports ground top also is provided with spray equipment, and spray equipment is shower and the shower nozzle on shower spaced apart; Be hung with animal feeds bucket in the duck shed, also be provided with the district of laying eggs; Plant in the described lagoon and be implanted with the living plant of anti-rich water.
It is heat insulation that the roof of duck shed adopts heat-insulating material to help summer, the insulation in winter; The front and back walls of duck shed adopts full open type or semi-open-type to help ventilation; The ground of duck shed exceeds the outer ground of house and is convenient to sterilization and keeps duck shed inner drying, health; Because it is movable in sports ground that drought is supported the duck most of the time, therefore the design of sports ground is particularly important, the sports ground area is beneficial to the activity of cherry seed-grain duck greatly, also reduce cross-infection, it is to have ponding in the sports ground for preventing that sport surface has the gradient, also is beneficial to the sanitation and hygiene of cherry seed-grain duck and the cleaning of excrement; Shower nozzle is the gondola water faucet that is connected on the shower, and the spacing distance between the shower nozzle is 18cm to 20cm, and each shower nozzle can spray 4 to 120 cherry seed-grain ducks, and spray time is a spring and autumn twice, is respectively 8:30 to 12:30,16:30 to 18:00; Be four summer, is respectively 7:00 to 8:00,10:00 to 11:00,13:00: to 15:00,17:30 to 19:00; Be twice winter, is respectively 10:00 to 11:00,14:00 to 15:00; Be implanted with the living plant of anti-rich water in the lagoon and both beautified environment, and these water plants cherry seed-grain duck that also can be used for feeding, economy and ecological benefits improved.
As of the present invention preferred, the roof of duck shed is the triangle roof, and value of slope is 1/4 to 1/3, and clear height is more than or equal to 2.8m; The ground of duck shed exceeds the outer ground 0.3m to 0.5m of house; The length of duck shed is 100m, and width is 12m.
As of the present invention preferred, described sports ground area equates with the duck shed area; The ground of sports ground has the gradient, and value of slope is 2% to 4%; The sports ground top is provided with the sunshade net.
As of the present invention preferred, the wide 3.0m to 4.0m in described bathing pond, dark 0.2m; And duck shed, sports ground, bathing pond three's equal in length.
The design in bathing pond is to be the happiness water habit that adapts to cherry seed-grain duck and the physilogical characteristics of needs mating in water, and using water wisely helps concentrating discharging and handles.
As of the present invention preferred, this facility also comprises auxiliary facility, and described auxiliary facility comprises hatching room, warehouse and tank; The area in described hatching room is 400 square metres; The area in warehouse is 500 square metres; The tank volume is 8000 cubic metres.
In sum, the present invention extremely is fit to raise cherry seed-grain duck, and has following beneficial effect:
1, from searching for food and drinking behavior shows that drought supports cherry seed-grain duck feed intake and put cherry seed-grain duck in a suitable place to breed than the pond and reduce, drought raise method descends to save feed and compares ratio according to the egg material under drought raise method and the pond stocking method as can be known, be further illustrated in and lay eggs in early days and lay eggs mid-term, drought is supported the feed conversion rate height of all putting cherry seed-grain duck than traditional pond in a suitable place to breed, saves feed respectively and reaches 2.35% and 2.01%;
2, support the contrast of putting two kinds of laying rate under the method with the pond in a suitable place to breed according to drought, show and laying eggs early stage and laying eggs mid-term that non-irrigated laying rate of supporting cherry seed-grain duck is higher than traditional pond and puts in a suitable place to breed;
3, support and the stocking density contrast down of pond stocking method according to cherry seed-grain duck drought, it is about 33.3% to show that stocking density that drought supports cherry seed-grain duck is put duck in a suitable place to breed greater than the pond, thereby saving plant land area is more than 30%;
4, to be beneficial to summer heat insulation in the design of duck shed, and preserve moisture winter, and be beneficial to ventilation, keeps house inner drying health; The design of sports ground is beneficial to the eliminating dirt and keeps hygienically clean; The design in bathing pond has been saved water and has been helped concentrating discharging and disposing of sewage; Above-mentioned design all provides good living environment for cherry seed-grain duck;
5, be implanted with the living plant of anti-rich water in the lagoon and both beautified environment, and these water plants cherry seed-grain duck that also can be used for feeding, economy and ecological benefits improved.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is duck shed, sports ground and bathing pond three's a distribution map;
Fig. 2 is the flow chart of three grades of precipitations, aeration and filtration treatment.
Among the figure, 1, duck shed, 2, sports ground, 3, the bathing pond, 11, animal feeds bucket, 22, shower, 23, gondola water faucet, 21, the sunshade net.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is described in further detail.
This specific embodiment only is an explanation of the invention; it is not a limitation of the present invention; those skilled in the art can make the modification that does not have creative contribution to present embodiment as required after reading this specification, but as long as all are subjected to the protection of Patent Law in claim scope of the present invention.
The key facility that cherry seed-grain duck drought is supported intensive culture comprises duck shed 1, sports ground 2, bathing pond 3, and above-mentioned three's distribution mode as shown in Figure 1.
The front and back walls of duck shed 1 adopts full open type or semi-open-type; The ground of duck shed 1 exceeds the outer ground 0.4m of house, duck shed 1 long 100m, wide 12m; Be hung with animal feeds bucket 11 in the duck shed 1; The roof of duck shed 1 is the triangle roof, and value of slope is 1/4, and clear height is 2.8m.
Duck shed 1 one length direction sides are provided with sports ground 2, sports ground 2 areas equate that with the duck shed area sports ground 2 tops are equipped with sunshade net 21, and the ground of sports ground 2 has the gradient, and value of slope is 3%, and the physical features of a side of sports ground 2 close duck sheds 1 is than the high-land of a side in close bathing pond 3; Sports ground 2 tops also are provided with spray equipment, and spray equipment is shower 22 and the shower nozzle on shower 22 spaced apart, and shower nozzle is a gondola water faucet 23; Spacing distance between the shower nozzle is 20cm, and each shower nozzle can spray 4 to 120 cherry seed-grain ducks, and spray time is a spring and autumn twice, is respectively 8:30 to 12:30,16:30 to 18:00; Be four summer, is respectively 7:00 to 8:00,10:00 to 11:00,13:00: to 15:00,17:30 to 19:00; Be twice winter, is respectively 10:00 to 11:00,14:00 to 15:00.
One length direction side of sports ground 2 is provided with bathing pond 3, bathing pond 3 wide 4m, dark 0.2m; And duck shed 1, sports ground 2, bathing pond 3 threes' equal in length.
This cherry seed-grain duck drought is supported the intensive culture facility and is also comprised sewage treatment facility, i.e. three grades of sedimentation basins and lagoon, and plantation is useful on the weter hyacinth of feeding cherry seed-grain duck in the lagoon.
This cherry seed-grain duck drought is supported the intensive culture facility and is also comprised auxiliary facility, promptly hatches room, warehouse and tank; The area in described hatching room is 400 square metres; The area in warehouse is 500 square metres; The tank volume is 8000 cubic metres.
The drought raise method of using the foster cherry seed-grain duck of the foster intensive culture facility drought of above-mentioned cherry seed-grain duck drought is as follows: comprise feeding and management, epidemic disease control management and waste water treatment.
Described feeding and management comprises the control of material amount, the control of male and female quantity and stocking density control; Described material amount is controlled to be the amount of determining feed according to laying rate and egg size; The control of male and female quantity is that the ratio of drake quantity and duck quantity is 1:4.8; Stocking density control is as follows: the duckling under two ages in week is 35 every square metre, and two ages in week, the duckling in age was 26 every square metre extremely all around, and be 7 every square metre to opening the duck of breeding that produces the last fortnight age all around, and laying ducks is 4 every square metre.
Epidemic disease control management is for regularly to change the bathing water in bathing pond 3, and formulation cherry seed-grain duck immune programme for children; Described cherry seed-grain duck immune programme for children comprises duckling group immunity, duckling group immunity and plants duck group immunity;
Duckling group immunity comprises:
A, the duck virus hepatitis seedling immunity of living: duckling is used this works seedling immunity, hypodermic injection immunity, isolated rearing in immune back 7 days during 3 ages in days after going out shell;
B, the sick inactivated vaccine of riemerella anatipestifer, riemerella anatipestifer disease or the immunity of colibacillosis dyad inactivated vaccine: duckling is used single seedling or the immunity of bigeminy seedling, every hypodermic injection 0.5ml when 1 age in week age to 2 in week;
C, the immunity of duck influenza inactivated vaccine: duckling when 1 age in age to 2 week week with this vaccine II formulation work seedling immunity, every plumage hypodermic injection 0.5ml;
D, duck plague seedling immunity alive: carry out duck plague seedling immunity alive during duckling 15 ages in days, hypodermic injection 0.5ml;
E, serum or Yolk antibody immunity: in that the popular zone of duckling virus hepatitis is arranged, to the duckling of health, every hypodermic injection duckling virus hepatitis antiserum 0.5ml in 7 ages in days, hypodermic injection duckling virus hepatitis Yolk antibody 1ml; To epidemic situation is arranged but the anosis duckling of outward appearance, every hypodermic injection duckling virus hepatitis antiserum 0.8ml, hypodermic injection duckling virus hepatitis Yolk antibody 1.8ml; To sick duck injection duckling virus hepatitis antiserum 1.3ml, injection duckling virus hepatitis Yolk antibody 2.5ml.
Duckling group immunity is for the first time after 1 month, to use the immunity of I formulation inactivated vaccine with the immunity of duck influenza inactivated vaccine II formulation again, every muscle or hypodermic injection lml;
Planting duck group immunity comprises:
A, the immunity of duck influenza inactivated vaccine: plant duck and in preceding 2 to 4 weeks of laying eggs, use the inactivated vaccine immunity, every intramuscular injection 1.2ml I formulation inactivated vaccine; Once immunity, every intramuscular injection 1.2ml I formulation inactivated vaccine are carried out in immunity again in the time of back 2 months before laying eggs;
B, the immunity of cholera fowl inactivated vaccine;
C, duck plague seedling immunity alive;
D, the duckling virus hepatitis seedling immunity of living: plant duck in preceding 2 weeks of laying eggs with this work seedling immunity.
Described waste water treatment is discharged for regular bathing water to bathing pond 3, and sewage is carried out three grades of precipitations, aeration and filtration treatment; The frequency of bathing water discharging was to carry out primary emission summer every three days, and spring and autumn carried out primary emission every four days, carried out primary emission winter every five days; Described three grades of precipitations, aeration and filtration treatment, as shown in Figure 2, for: sewage reaches Separation of Solid and Liquid after entering three grades of sedimentation basin precipitations 72 hours and anaerobic fermentation processing, and parting liquid enters the lagoon oxidation and purifies one month.

Claims (10)

1. cherry seed-grain duck drought raise method, it is characterized in that: it comprises feeding and management, epidemic disease control management and waste water treatment; Described feeding and management comprises the control of material amount, the control of male and female quantity and stocking density control; Epidemic disease control management is for regularly to change the bathing water in bathing pond, and formulation cherry seed-grain duck immune programme for children; Described waste water treatment is discharged for regular bathing water to the bathing pond, and sewage is carried out three grades of precipitations, aeration and filtration treatment.
2. cherry seed-grain duck drought raise method according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described material amount is controlled to be the amount of determining feed according to laying rate and egg size; The control of male and female quantity is that the ratio of drake quantity and duck quantity is 1:4.5 to 1:6.0; Stocking density control is as follows: the duckling under two ages in week is 28 to 40 every square metre, and two ages in week, the duckling in age was 20 to 25 every square metre extremely all around, and be 6 to 8 every square metre to opening the duck of breeding that produces the last fortnight age all around, and laying ducks is 3 to 5 every square metre.
3. cherry seed-grain duck drought raise method according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described cherry seed-grain duck immune programme for children comprises duckling group immunity, duckling group immunity and plants duck group immunity;
Duckling group immunity comprises:
A, the duck virus hepatitis seedling immunity of living: duckling is used this works seedling immunity, hypodermic injection immunity, isolated rearing in immune back 7 days during 3 ages in days after going out shell;
B, the sick inactivated vaccine of riemerella anatipestifer, riemerella anatipestifer disease or the immunity of colibacillosis dyad inactivated vaccine: duckling is used single seedling or the immunity of bigeminy seedling, every hypodermic injection 0.5ml when 1 age in week age to 2 in week;
C, the immunity of duck influenza inactivated vaccine: duckling when 1 age in age to 2 week week with this vaccine II formulation or the immunity of I formulation inactivated vaccine, every plumage hypodermic injection 0.5ml;
D, duck plague seedling immunity alive: carry out duck plague seedling immunity alive during duckling 15 ages in days, hypodermic injection 0.5ml;
E, serum or Yolk antibody immunity: in that the popular zone of duckling virus hepatitis is arranged, to the duckling of health, every hypodermic injection duckling virus hepatitis antiserum 0.5ml in 7 ages in days, hypodermic injection duckling virus hepatitis Yolk antibody 1ml; To epidemic situation is arranged but the anosis duckling of outward appearance, every hypodermic injection duckling virus hepatitis antiserum 0.7 is to lml, and hypodermic injection duckling virus hepatitis Yolk antibody 1.4 is to 2ml; To sick duck injection duckling virus hepatitis antiserum l to 1.5ml, injection duckling virus hepatitis Yolk antibody 2 is to 3ml;
Duckling group immunity is after 1 month, to use the immunity of I formulation inactivated vaccine with the immunity of duck influenza inactivated vaccine II formulation more for the first time; Or using the immunity of I formulation inactivated vaccine for the first time after 1.5 to 2 months again with the immunity of I formulation inactivated vaccine, every muscle or hypodermic injection lml;
Planting duck group immunity comprises:
A, the immunity of duck influenza inactivated vaccine: plant duck and in preceding 2 to 4 weeks of laying eggs, use the inactivated vaccine immunity, every intramuscular injection 1.0 to 1.5ml I formulation inactivated vaccines; Once immunity, every intramuscular injection l to 1.5ml I formulation inactivated vaccine are carried out in immunity again in the time of back 2 months before laying eggs;
B, the immunity of cholera fowl inactivated vaccine;
C, duck plague seedling immunity alive;
D, the duckling virus hepatitis seedling immunity of living: plant duck in preceding 2 weeks of laying eggs with this work seedling immunity.
4. cherry seed-grain duck drought raise method according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the frequency of bathing water discharging was to carry out primary emission summer every three days, and spring and autumn carried out primary emission every four days, carried out primary emission winter every five days; Described three grades of precipitations, aeration and filtration treatment are: sewage reaches Separation of Solid and Liquid after entering three grades of sedimentation basin precipitations 72 hours and anaerobic fermentation processing, and parting liquid enters the lagoon oxidation and purifies one month.
5. cherry seed-grain duck drought raise method according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the ratio of described drake quantity and duck quantity is 1:4.8; The stocking density of laying ducks is 4 every square metre.
6. implement the needed breeding facility of claim 1 described cherry seed-grain duck drought raise method, it is characterized in that: it comprises duck shed, sports ground, bathing pond, sewage treatment facility, and sewage treatment facility comprises three grades of sedimentation basins, lagoon; The roof of described duck shed adopts heat-insulating material; The front and back walls of duck shed adopts full open type or semi-open-type; The ground of duck shed exceeds the outer ground of house; Sports ground is positioned at duck shed one length direction side, the sports ground area is 1 to 1.2 times of duck shed, be implanted with trees or sports ground top on the sports ground sunshade net is installed, the bathing pond is positioned at a length direction side of sports ground, the ground of sports ground has the gradient, and the physical features of a side of the close duck shed of sports ground is than the high-land of a side in close bathing pond; The sports ground top also is provided with spray equipment, and spray equipment is shower and the shower nozzle on shower spaced apart; Be hung with animal feeds bucket in the duck shed, also be provided with the district of laying eggs; Plant in the described lagoon and be implanted with the living plant of anti-rich water.
7. breeding facility according to claim 6 is characterized in that: the roof of duck shed is the triangle roof, and value of slope is 1/4 to 1/3, and clear height is more than or equal to 2.8m; The ground of duck shed exceeds the outer ground 0.3m to 0.5m of house; The length of duck shed is 100m, and width is 12m.
8. breeding facility according to claim 6 is characterized in that: described sports ground area equates with the duck shed area; The ground of sports ground has the gradient, and value of slope is 2% to 4%; The sports ground top is provided with the sunshade net.
9. breeding facility according to claim 6 is characterized in that: the wide 3.0m to 4.0m in described bathing pond, dark 0.2m; And duck shed, sports ground, bathing pond three's equal in length.
10. breeding facility according to claim 6 is characterized in that: this facility also comprises auxiliary facility, and described auxiliary facility comprises hatching room, warehouse and tank; The area in described hatching room is 400 square metres; The area in warehouse is 500 square metres; The tank volume is 8000 cubic metres.
CN 201010143135 2010-04-09 2010-04-09 Dry-breeding method and breeding facilities for cherry valley ducks Pending CN101926303A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010143135 CN101926303A (en) 2010-04-09 2010-04-09 Dry-breeding method and breeding facilities for cherry valley ducks

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010143135 CN101926303A (en) 2010-04-09 2010-04-09 Dry-breeding method and breeding facilities for cherry valley ducks

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101926303A true CN101926303A (en) 2010-12-29

Family

ID=43365952

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201010143135 Pending CN101926303A (en) 2010-04-09 2010-04-09 Dry-breeding method and breeding facilities for cherry valley ducks

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101926303A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102687700A (en) * 2012-05-24 2012-09-26 山东省农业科学院家禽研究所 Efficient supporting breeding method of meat-type breeding ducks
CN103598139A (en) * 2013-10-29 2014-02-26 胡辉 Zhijiang duck pollution-free cultivating method
CN103734033A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-23 四川农业大学 High bed and playground spraying type breeding goose house
CN106259159A (en) * 2016-07-26 2017-01-04 广西陆川县润润养殖有限公司 A kind of duck culturing method preventing and treating E. coli isolated from ducks
CN107624709A (en) * 2017-10-09 2018-01-26 广西吉朋投资有限公司 A kind of cherry valley duck cultural method
CN109329211A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-02-15 宋立刚 A kind of meat duck constant temperature fork flower hatching method

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1943325A (en) * 2006-10-20 2007-04-11 江宵兵 Ground raising equipment for egg ducle in pens and its raising method

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1943325A (en) * 2006-10-20 2007-04-11 江宵兵 Ground raising equipment for egg ducle in pens and its raising method

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
《中国牧业通讯》 20091231 迟兰等 樱桃谷种鸭旱养的应用与推广 第36-37页 1-10 , 第23期 2 *
《河南农业大学学报》 20071231 吴一平等 信阳畜禽园区主要废弃物无害化处理的实证分析 第225-231页 4,6-10 第41卷, 第2期 2 *
《浙江畜牧兽医》 20091231 钟水清等 旱养对樱桃谷种鸭繁殖性能的影响研究 第26页 1-4 , 第4期 2 *

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102687700A (en) * 2012-05-24 2012-09-26 山东省农业科学院家禽研究所 Efficient supporting breeding method of meat-type breeding ducks
CN103598139A (en) * 2013-10-29 2014-02-26 胡辉 Zhijiang duck pollution-free cultivating method
CN103598139B (en) * 2013-10-29 2016-03-09 胡辉 Root of Dahurian angelica river duck non-nuisance method
CN103734033A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-23 四川农业大学 High bed and playground spraying type breeding goose house
CN106259159A (en) * 2016-07-26 2017-01-04 广西陆川县润润养殖有限公司 A kind of duck culturing method preventing and treating E. coli isolated from ducks
CN107624709A (en) * 2017-10-09 2018-01-26 广西吉朋投资有限公司 A kind of cherry valley duck cultural method
CN109329211A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-02-15 宋立刚 A kind of meat duck constant temperature fork flower hatching method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101720720B (en) Method for artificial induction breeding and biomimetic breeding of andrias davidiamus
CN103719014A (en) Ecological cycle pig breeding method
CN103503820B (en) Circulating water cultivation propagating system of holding concurrently is adopted to impel the method for migration fishes natural propagation
CN101926303A (en) Dry-breeding method and breeding facilities for cherry valley ducks
CN205596919U (en) Gather formula inner loop equipment of breeding fish
CN101731180A (en) Ecological breeding method of quasipaa spinosas
CN104054614B (en) A kind of ecological polyculturing method of crab, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) and China
CN201436847U (en) Turtle farm
CN104186368B (en) A kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat duck fermentation bed breeding house
CN102972346B (en) Culture method based on graded stocking and cyclic utilization of soft-shelled turtles in greenhouse
CN104381204A (en) Artificial indoor feeding method for Asian yellow pond turtles in south
CN102687700A (en) Efficient supporting breeding method of meat-type breeding ducks
CN105325366A (en) Ecological circulation method for feeding and fattening pigs
CN103283678A (en) Balanced breeding geese production method
CN103081864A (en) Method for turtle egg intensive cultivation in lighting greenhouse
CN104756932A (en) Inclination-matrix breeding pond for anguilla marmorata
CN203136815U (en) Daylighting greenhouse
CN108739648A (en) A kind of foster technique of laying duck whole process plane drought
CN204272909U (en) A kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house
CN103798189B (en) The feeding method of a kind of Ranaspinosa David froglet
CN206559930U (en) A kind of box breeding consubstantiality ecologic breeding floating bed
CN205993424U (en) A kind of band is casted off a skin the fermentation bed snake room in room
CN205196682U (en) Supplementary cultured equipment of combination formula of field is put in a suitable place to breed to ecological soil chicken
CN204682201U (en) A kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system
CN205813024U (en) A kind of pond Three-dimensional cultivating system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20101229

C12 Rejection of a patent application after its publication