CN204272909U - A kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house - Google Patents

A kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204272909U
CN204272909U CN201420492663.5U CN201420492663U CN204272909U CN 204272909 U CN204272909 U CN 204272909U CN 201420492663 U CN201420492663 U CN 201420492663U CN 204272909 U CN204272909 U CN 204272909U
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China
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duck
fermentation bed
bed
fermentation
padding
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林勇
李健
赵伟
顾洪如
施振旦
张广勇
蒋岩
余新鹏
刘珊
吴庆平
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Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house, belong to bird breeding technology field.Principal character in the utility model is that the kind duck booth in utility model comprises bottom inflatable fermentation bed, and described bottom inflatable fermentation bed comprises the inflation fermentation system below fermentation bed bed course and fermentation bed bed course; Described fermentation bed bed course comprises discreteness padding layer and the lower floor 15-20cm stalk layer of top layer 20cm; Described inflation fermentation system comprises the gas ducting device under inflation power set and the bed course that is connected thereof.The utility model effectively overcomes fermenting bed padding that duck biological property causes and to harden problem, improves the aerobic degradation ability of fermenting bed padding to kind of duck ight soil, decreases the discharge of foul gas and greenhouse gases, and has played to plant the aerobic degradation ability of duck overlap high; The consumption at water source is saved while the water demand that wherein drinking device and spray cleaning apparatus solve when drought is supported.

Description

A kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house
Technical field
The utility model belongs to bird breeding technology field, particularly a kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house.
Background technology
Along with meat kind duck intensive culture, particularly the promoting the use of Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck intensive culture, the Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck water mode of supporting brings many drawbacks: first, meat kind duck high-density rearing causes duck excreta to concentrate discharge at the water body of limited areal, cause body eutrophication, destroy natural environment; The second, high-density rearing's mode, causes putting in a suitable place to breed various pathogenic microorganism content severe overweight in the water body of kind of duck, thus causes the occurred frequently of kind of pest of duck disease, and death rate increases.
Plant duck fermentation bed feeding manner to be realized the excremental ira situ degradation of kind of duck by the aerobic fermentation effect of fermentation bed, solve the excremental process problem of duck group, optimize the breeding environment of kind of duck; But the biological property of duck is different from pig, what it did not have a pig turns over arch habit, and the web structure of duck pawl more easily causes hardening of fermenting bed padding, causes bedding and padding gas permeability to be deteriorated, and aerobic fermentation suppresses, and duck excrement is effectively degraded minimizing, the dead bed of fermentation bed; Simultaneously, traditional fermenting bed padding thickness is many at 50-80cm, cause that to turn over the ploughing depth of the machinery of rake for bedding and padding larger, power demand stronger (horsepower is many at about 8-12 diesel engine), thus produce very large noise, produce the breeding of kind of duck and have a strong impact on, causing even stress be dead in the laying rate decline of product kind of duck.
Modified artificial circulating water pool Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck feeding manner, for kind of duck provides an artificial water body, efficiently solve intensive high density meat kind duck and raise the problem such as pollution, pathogenic microorganism content overproof causing water body, significantly reduce kind of the incidence of pest of duck disease and a death rate; But, this mode needs the cement pit building certain area, and owing to needing the cleannes keeping water body in pond, needs to change water frequently, thus causing this feeding manner fixation means and daily water source, energy resource consumption comparatively large, a large amount of externally discharged waste water is to environment simultaneously.
Tradition drought supports mode, solves the dependence of kind of duck to water source, but owing to there is no the cleaning action at water source, cause kind of duck enteron aisle and genital diseases occurred frequently, cause kind of duck lethality and mortality to raise, and high-yielding variety duck more easily fall ill superseded.
Utility model content
For overcoming the shortcoming and deficiency that exist in prior art, primary and foremost purpose of the present utility model is to provide a kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house.Environmental protection of the present utility model, health, economizing type Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck fermentation bed drought support pattern, solving the cultivation of Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck on the basis of water body dependence, realize the ira situ degradation of meat kind duck ight soil, reduce plant's construction area, the infectious disease incidence of effective reduction Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck and death rate, improve the egg laying performance of Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house, and comprise kind of duck booth and motion threshing ground, described kind duck booth is connected with motion threshing ground; Described kind duck booth comprises She Qiang, ceiling and bottom inflatable fermentation bed, and described ceiling is arranged on She Qiang, described bottom inflatable fermentation bed be layed in house circummure around ground on; Described bottom inflatable fermentation bed comprises the inflation fermentation system below fermentation bed bed course and fermentation bed bed course; Described fermentation bed bed course comprises the 20cm discreteness padding layer on top layer and the 15-20cm stalk layer of lower floor;
Described inflation fermentation system comprises the gas ducting device under inflation power set and the bed course that is connected thereof;
Described gas ducting device comprises nanometer aeration pipe, gas tube and gas tube solidification soleplate; Described nanometer aeration pipe is arranged in gas tube, described gas tube is provided with venthole, described solidification soleplate is provided with triangle groove, described gas tube is arranged on triangle groove, described nanometer aeration pipe connects with inflation power set, provides air by inflation power set; Described gas tube is laid on bottom fermenting bed padding according to the spacing of 1 ~ 2m.
Described inflation power set comprise blower fan, supervisor, valve and are in charge of; Described blower fan is connected with supervisor, and described supervisor was connected with some being in charge of, and described being in charge of is provided with valve, and described being in charge of connects with nanometer aeration pipe.
Described blower fan is roots blower;
Described supervisor is steel volume flexible pipe;
Described is in charge of for flexible pipe compiled by steel;
Described kind duck booth is 1:1 ~ 1.5 with the area ratio in motion threshing ground; Described motion threshing ground adopts fragment of brick to lay; Described motion threshing ground returns the water gradient from planting duck shed canopy side to peripheral hardware 1-3%.
Described motion threshing ground is provided with drinking device and spray cleaning apparatus, and described drinking device and spray cleaning apparatus and kind duck shed canopy be arranged in parallel; Described spray cleaning apparatus is arranged at above described drinking device, and described drinking device comprises drinking trough, drain ditch and slatted floor, and described drain ditch is arranged at the both sides of drinking trough, and described slatted floor is arranged on drain ditch; Described drinking trough adopts external diameter 11-16cmPVC pipe to make, and outer block cement supports; Drain ditch is laid slatted floor for standing to drinking-water kind of a duck; Described slatted floor and drain ditch, below are used for kind of a duck drinking-water, water clock part of playing with water to drain rapidly on the one hand, keep sports ground dry; The drop collection being used for clean kind of duck health being used for duck group spray cleaning apparatus to spray on the other hand is drained.
Described ceiling comprises thermal insulation layer and heat-insulation layer that supporter and supporter are set up; Described supporter is preferably triangle steelframe, and described thermal insulation layer is preferably color steel watt, and described heat-insulation layer is preferably 15cm foamed plastics; Can make kind of the insulation of duck booth and a good heat-insulation effect, and duck shed is sturdy and durable.
The top of described ceiling is provided with unpowered turbine ventilated device; Be beneficial to and regulate microclimate in duck shed.
Described She Qiang connects around forming by the body of wall near motion side, threshing ground and other three face walls bodies; The described body of wall near motion side, threshing ground is made up of the volume film curtain of the high hollow concrete block fence of 1m and upside and ceiling side edge, and other three face walls bodies described are built into by hollow concrete block, and other described three face walls bodies are provided with ventilation window.
Described fermentation bed is provided with duck hopper.
Described fermentation bed is provided with laying nest, and described laying nest is arranged at the She Qiang side away from volume film curtain.
Described gas tube is PPR water pipe;
Described discreteness padding layer is waste matter or bacterium slag.
This Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck fermentation bed feeding and management method is compared traditional water non-irrigated pattern of supporting with traditional zymotic bed of supporting and is had following advantage:
First, adopt thin pad material fermentation bed structure and the management method of bottom inflatable fermentation system, under utilizing fermentation bed to realize kind of the prerequisite of duck ight soil ira situ degradation, effectively overcome fermenting bed padding that duck biological property causes to harden problem, optimize fermenting bed padding structure and management mode, improve the aerobic degradation ability of fermenting bed padding to kind of duck ight soil, decrease the discharge of foul gas and greenhouse gases, make that the breeding environment of meat kind duck is much cleaner, environmental protection; Simultaneously, thin pad material fermentation bed structure has been saved kind duck fermenting bed padding and has been dropped into and management cost, wherein bedding and padding input cost declines more than 50%, and the machine power of turning over rake bedding and padding requires to decline a lot, the purchase of machine for turning up the soil and harrowing tool and Energy Consumption Cost are significantly declined, and mechanicalness noise decline decrease the stress reaction of kind of duck.
Second, the ecological drought of Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck supports booth, motion threshing ground and allocation of facility structure thereof, save the consumption at the facilities such as the pond of raising for kind of duck and water source, raise than the Traditional Man water surface according to statistics and save water source more than 90%, thus the sewage discharge decreased surrounding enviroment, breeding process is saved more, environmental protection; The outer duck group spray cleaning system of utilization house meets the biological habit that kind of duck plays with water and clears up feather, the interpolation of disinfection agent of chlorine dioxide makes kind of a duck clean hygiene, effectively reduce epidemic disease incidence and the death rate of kind of duck, improve the productivity of kind of duck, improve culture benefit.
3rd, this method improves the aerobic degradation ability of fermenting bed padding to kind of duck ight soil, can improve equal area colony house kind duck stock-carrying capacity 15-30% according to statistics, improve the cultivation amount of unit duck shed; Meanwhile, give up outer duck group spray cleaning system described in this method and fundamentally solve tradition and plant duck cultivation to the dependence of nature or artificial water, reduce the input of plant's construction area aspect.
Through experiment statistics, apply raising method that of the present utility model kind of duck breeding house carry out and compare traditional zymotic bed drought pattern of supporting and improve laying rate 4.59%, compare traditional water pattern of supporting and improve laying rate 1.48%; Fertilization rate difference is not remarkable; Full phase feedstuff-egg ratio reduces by 3.68% than tradition drought pattern of supporting, and supports pattern feedstuff-egg ratio reduce by 1.09% than traditional water.And laying period kind duck death rate support pattern non-irrigateier in traditional zymotic bed is low by 40.31%, support pattern than traditional water low by 29.96%; Effective raising cultivation comprehensive benefit about 30%.How this method is promoted the use of in Pei County, Gaoyou etc., raise duck year only more than more than 80 ten thousand plumages, wherein Pei County drought supports 400,000 plumages, account for 80% of local raising total amount, substantially problem of environmental pollution is solved, save up to ten million waste water treatment expense, social benefit and ecological benefits are remarkable, are subject to local government, the accreditation of enterprise and raiser and favorable comment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is overall structure profile of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view of booth;
Fig. 3 is the profile of drinking device and spray cleaning apparatus structure;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of gas ducting device;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of inflation power set;
Wherein: a kind of duck booth, 2 motion threshing grounds, 3 ceilings, 4 unpowered turbine ventilated devices, 5 volume film curtains, 6 fences, 7 inflation power set, 8 fermentation bed bottom inflatable plumbing installations, 9 fermentation bed bed courses, 10 laying nests, 11 duck hoppers, 12 ventilation windows, 21 spray cleaning apparatus, 22 drinking troughs, 23 drain ditchs, 24 slatted floors, 71 blower fans, 72 supervisors, 73 valves, 74 are in charge of, 81 nanometer aeration pipes, 82 gas tubes, 83 solidification soleplates, 84 ventholes, 85 triangle grooves.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail, but embodiment of the present utility model is not limited thereto.
Embodiment 1
As shown in figures 1 and 3, the utility model provides a kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house, be specially adapted to the raising of Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck, comprise the first, the ecological drought of Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck supports kind of a duck booth 1, motion threshing ground 2 and allocation of facility structure and distribution thereof; The second, give up outer duck group spray cleaning apparatus 21 and management method thereof; 3rd, the Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck fermentation bed structure of band bottom inflatable fermentation system and daily management method;
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the ecological drought of described Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck supports kind of a duck booth 1, motion threshing ground 2 and allocation of facility structure and distribution thereof:
Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck booth 1 is east-west, sits in the north facing the south, long 50-60m, span 10-12m, roof height 4.5m, eaves height 2.4m, optimizes ventilation effect, provides the space of Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck abundance simultaneously, is beneficial to duck only health; Use color steel watt and the thick foamed plastics of 15cm as ceiling 3, triangle steelframe as supporter, insulation and good heat-insulation effect, duck shed is more sturdy and durable; Unpowered turbine ventilated device 4 installed by duck shed ceiling 3, is beneficial to and regulates microclimate in duck shed; Duck shed north side abutment wall uses hollow concrete block to be built into, and body of wall arranges push-pull type ventilation window 12 at interval of 1m, distance 1m place, ground, and duck shed southern side uses hollow concrete block to be built into the high fence of 1m 6, and duck shed southern side is provided with volume film curtain 5.Duck shed inside uses brick to cut off into 3 hurdles, is beneficial to observation and record, feeding and management and the epidemic disease isolation etc. of a duck creation data, makes it growth evenly; Lay fermentation bed in duck shed, fermenting bed padding thickness is 35 ~ 40cm, the fermentation bed near abutment wall place, duck shed north side is arranged laying nest 10, evenly arranges duck hopper 11 in the middle of duck shed.Motion threshing ground 2 is outdoor formula, is connected with duck shed southern side fence 6, and motion threshing ground 2 is 1 ~ 1.5:1 with planting duck booth 1 area ratio; Motion threshing ground 2 adopts fragment of brick to lay, and motion ground, threshing ground 2 establishes 1-3% to return the water gradient by north orientation south, plants a little greenery, shelter from heat or light for summer in the middle part of sports ground; As shown in Figure 3, motion threshing ground 2 is provided with east-west drinking trough 22, drinking trough 22 both sides arrange drain ditch 23, drain ditch 23 width 30-40cm, the water gradient is returned by arranging 0.5-1% to both sides in the middle of motion threshing ground 2 bottom drain ditch 23, drain ditch 23 is laid slatted floor 24 for standing to drinking-water kind of a duck, width 40-60cm; Directly over drinking trough 22,0.8-1m place arranges the outer duck group spray cleaning apparatus 21 of house along drinking trough direction.Described slatted floor 24 and aspect, drain ditch, below 23 1 are used for kind of a duck drinking-water, water clock part of playing with water to drain rapidly, keep motion threshing ground 2 dry; The drop collection being used for clean kind of duck health being used for duck group spray cleaning apparatus 21 to spray on the other hand is drained.
Described drinking trough 22 adopts external diameter 11-16cmPVC pipe to make, and outer block cement supports.
The outer duck group spray cleaning apparatus 21 of described house is made up of time control switch, doser, water pump, water pipe, atomizer: the external duck shed running water pipe of doser, when can automatically chlorine dioxide concentrate be added in spraying water by a certain percentage during water flow in water pipe, pressure pump doser, other end is connected with water pipe, and water pipe spraying pipeline is equipped with atomizer every 1-1.5m.The KG316T type microcomputer time-controlled switch that described time control switch adopts Zhejiang Ai Deli Electrical Appliances Co., Ltd to produce, time control switch directly connects power supply, controls the switch time of pump power every day; Pressure pump used is commercially available common carwash force pump, operating pressure 1-6MPa.Described water pipe adopts commercially available PVC4-7 hollow billet (internal diameter 4mm, external diameter 7mm), atomizer adopts that commercially available band threeway is adjustable closes atomizer, capacity of sprinkler and atomizing effect can regulate, water fog particle is trickle≤and 70 microns, flow 0-7L/h, spread of spray diameter is about 80cm, and nozzle is detachably convenient to cleaning.
Giving up outer duck group spray cleaning apparatus 21 is work like this:
According to duck group characteristic of activities and seasonal characteristic on daytime every day, make kind of duck accept the water smoke (in spray water chlorine dioxide concentration 5-20ppm) of spray containing chlorine dioxide at drinking-water simultaneously; By regulating time gauge tap, setting pressure pump work every day 3-5 time (general summer high temperature weather is opened 4-5 time, and spring and autumn opens 3 times), each spray time 10-20min; Cleaning situation and temperature height according to kind of a duck, by regulating atomizer to control each capacity of sprinkler at 3-5L/h, when dirtier, the recent death rate of general kind duck body surface is higher or temperature is higher, improving capacity of sprinkler.
Giving up outer duck group spray cleaning apparatus 21 sprays main in spring, summer, three seasons of autumn, and winter, cold snap was not sprayed.The weather that generally has a moderate climate is sprayed 3 times every day, when being respectively that morning, kind duck put circle, afternoon 1-2 point, afternoon kind duck return duck shed first 1 hour.Concrete operations are: first, morning kind duck namely open after just having put into sports ground house outer duck group spray cleaning system carry out whole day first time spray, now plant duck in duck shed through a night, be badly in need of drinking-water, the defecation at night of kind duck and high density contact with each other, plant duck mating simultaneously, cause duck body in morning, feather seriously polluted, so it is best to kind of duck cleaning effect now to spray, decreases kind of duck simultaneously and play with water to the pollution of drinking water; The second, afternoon 1-2 point provides second time spraying, and now kind duck duck body after the activity of the morning on sports ground, contact, defecation is dirtier, and now temperature is higher, and spraying effectively can be cleaned duck body and reduce the heat stress of high-yielding variety duck; 3rd, afternoon, kind duck returned duck shed first 1 hour, because duck excrement is accumulated at sports ground for one day, now plant duck contact ight soil amount maximum, the kind duck density in night simultaneously by loop is large, and contact is many, easily cause epidemic disease to infect, now spraying effectively can clean duck body, effectively avoids the propagation of duck disease.On this basis when temperature is higher, daytime every day suitably can increase 1-2 spraying in the high temperature period, to lower the temperature to kind of duck.
The advantage of giving up outer duck group spray cleaning apparatus 21 is: the first, meets Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck by cleaning duck body and the biological habit of feather of playing with water, and inhibits kind of duck to dabble in drinking trough frequency simultaneously, decreases kind of duck to the pollution of drinking water and waste; Second, owing to adding chlorine dioxide in spray water, disinfective action is played to kind of a duck body surface, effectively reduce epidemic disease incidence and the death rate of Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck, take the foster mode of fermentation bed kind duck drought of giving up external spraying cleaning systems lower by 40.3% than supporting mode kind duck death rate of full phase without the fermentation bed kind duck drought of giving up external spraying cleaning systems according to statistics; 3rd, compared with modified artificial circulating water pool Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck feeding manner, low water usage cost significantly falls: for summer, the every daily water consumption of modified artificial circulating water pool Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck feeding manner duck shed about 4.5 tons, and duck group spray cleaning system starts 5 times every day, each 15-20min, (50 shower nozzle * 4L*1.5h) duck shed about water consumption 300kg, economizes on water more than 90% than the former; 4th, at hot weather, also cooling function is served to the spraying of Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck, because slatted floor and ditch are below arranged, unnecessary water is discharged fast simultaneously, maintain the drying of sports ground, reduce the incidence of Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck heat stress.
As shown in Figure 1, the Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck fermentation bed structure of described band bottom inflatable fermentation system, comprising: the discreteness padding layer of top layer 20cm, lower floor 15-20cm stalk layer, the fermentation bed bottom inflatable fermentation system of bottom.
Described inflation fermentation system comprises the gas ducting device 8 under inflation power set 7 and the bed course that is connected thereof.
As shown in Figure 4, described gas ducting device 8 comprises nanometer aeration pipe 81, gas tube 82 and gas tube solidification soleplate 83; Described gas tube is PPR water pipe.
As shown in Figure 5, described inflation power set 7 comprise blower fan 71, supervisor 72, valve 73 and are in charge of 74; Described blower fan 71 is roots blower; Described supervisor 72 is steel volume flexible pipe; Described is in charge of 74 for steel volume flexible pipe.
HRE50L type roots blower (rated power 1.5kw, rated voltage 220/380v, maximum quantity of wind 180m that described roots blower adopts Zhenglin, Zhejiang Machinery Manufacturing Co., Ltd. to produce 3/ h, maximum gas pressure 30kpa, noise≤60db), one this kind specification Roots motor can to 4000-8000m 2specification described in the utility model kind duck fermentation bed bottom inflate, effectively promote pad material fermentation.
The steel wire reinforcement rubber outer covering layer flexible pipe (operating pressure 25Mpa, burst pressure 100Mpa) that flexible pipe adopts commercially available internal diameter 6.4mm compiled by described steel; Hundred river board antimicrobial form micropore aeration pipes that described nanometer aeration pipe adopts river, Jiangyin City hundred oxygen increasing equipment Co., Ltd to produce (aeration tube external diameter: internal diameter: micropore average pore size: micropore arranges density: 700 ~ 1200/meter).
Fermentation bed bottom inflatable fermentation system structure comprises main line and branch line, steel volume flexible pipe main line structure comprising Roots's motor and be attached thereto, steel is compiled flexible pipe and is provided with branch, the pneumatic convey produced by Roots's motor is to each duck shed, each bifurcation is provided with valve 73, controls the switch of each duck shed inflation fermentation air-flow, the steel arrived outside every duck shed is compiled flexible pipe and is extended along duck shed north side, forming branch every 1-2 rice is laid on bottom duck shed fermenting bed padding pond, these branches form fermentation bed bottom inflatable installation for fermenting branch line, branch line is compiled flexible pipe by steel and is introduced after bottom duck shed fermenting bed padding pond every 30-50cm installation 10-15cm nanometer aeration pipe, nanometer aeration pipe overcoat diameter 1 cun of PPR water pipe, water pipe two is fixing by paraffin sealing, diameter 0.2cm venthole 84 is opened at interval of 0.5-1cm distance below water pipe outer surface horizontal direction both sides and two skew backs, for inflating to fermentation bed lower floor bedding and padding.
Inflation line solidification soleplate 83: laying the ground that fermentation bed bottom inflatable fermentation system props up line position bottom fermenting bed padding pond need tamp in advance, and the cement plate laid with triangle groove 85, for placing and solid-state fermentation bed bottom inflatable installation for fermenting branch line.
Before laying fermentation bed bed course 9, the steel installing nanometer aeration pipe 81 and overcoat PPR water pipe is compiled hose line and is laid on bottom fermenting bed padding pond according to the spacing of 1-2m.
The advantage of the Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck fermentation bed structure with bottom inflatable fermentation system is: first, pipe installation is simple, durable in use, cost is low: due to have employed steel compile flexible pipe be primary line material, flexible pipe resistance to compression compiled by steel, pliability is good, the features such as flexible, acid and alkali-resistance, high temperature resistant, low temperature, be laid on bottom earth's surface and fermenting bed padding not fragile, and cost is very low; Meanwhile, owing to being directly to fermentation bed bottom inflatable, not needing to turn over rake operation to the mechanicalness of bottom bedding and padding, so do not need to buy the large-scale machine for turning up the soil and harrowing tools such as powerful turner, reduce the consumption of machine for turning up the soil and harrowing tool and energy cost.The second, improve breeding environment, and more environmental protection: bottom bottom inflatable fermentation promotion fermentation bed, anaerobic environment becomes aerobic environment, suppresses NH 3, H 2the foul gas such as S and CH 4, N 2the generation of O isothermal chamber gas, improves cultivation and ecotope, reduces kind of an incidence for pest of duck disease.3rd, further increase the density of Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck intensive farm, bottom inflatable fermentation system also promotes the aerobic degradation of duck excrement in the 20cm of top layer, thus improves the stock-carrying capacity of unit are fermentation bed, adds the kind duck number of animals raised of identical duck shed.4th, that strengthens inflation fermentation system in the winter time opens the temperature that frequency effectively can improve bedding and padding inside, provides warm living environment, avoid the appearance of Cold stress to Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck.5th, adopting bottom inflatable fermentation system to carry out inflation fermentation to adding the bedding and padding starting leavening and syrup, bedding and padding temperature can be improved fast, effectively can kill sex pheromone residual in fermenting bed padding and parasitic ovum.
The laying structure of Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck fermentation bed and management method thereof:
Described kind of duck fermenting bed padding thickness is about 35-40cm.Fermenting bed padding laying structure and processing method are: lower floor 20cm adopts complete maize straw or rice and wheat straw, stalk is that 90 ° of intersections are laid every 5cm thickness, lay in every layer of stalk process, in stalk, evenly spray inoculation fermentation bed start leavening, keep lower floor's stalk padding layer humidity at 35-45%; The bedding and padding such as vinasse, bacterium chaff adopting discreteness are laid on upper strata, process of deployment is sprayed inoculation fermentation bed and is started leavening in bedding and padding, keep upper strata stalk padding layer humidity about 45%, then overlay film fermentation, in 7 days winters of fermentation time, in 14 days summers, open fermentation bed bottom inflatable fermentation system every day period to bottom bedding and padding inflation 0.5-1 hour, thus promote that the fermenting bed padding bulk temperature of just having laid is climbed to 55-60 DEG C, complete and start fermentation.
Plant the daily management method of duck fermenting bed padding:
Because the web structure of duck pawl easily causes hardening of fermenting bed padding top layer, bedding and padding gas permeability is caused to be deteriorated, so regularly turn over rake process to kind of duck shed fermentation bed top layer 15-20cm bedding and padding, bottom fermentation bed, stalk layer also needs regular replenishment oxygenation, promote aerobic fermentation, accelerate fermenting bed padding overall to kind of a zymohydrolysis for duck ight soil, suppress reproducibility foul gas (NH 3, H 2s etc.) generation.Specifically: to harden degree according to top layer bedding and padding, every 3-5 days, rake is turned over to top layer bedding and padding.In morning, take advantage of kind of duck and all go out kind of duck sports ground after activity from duck shed, with isolation purse seine, kind of a duck is isolated in outside duck shed, prevent from planting individually duck and to run back kind of a duck shed; Then, plant duck playground duck shed one jiao farthest in distance and start machine for turning up the soil and harrowing, 1-2 minute under machine for turning up the soil and harrowing idling mode is first kept after each startup machine for turning up the soil and harrowing, observe kind of a duck group state, when duck group performance is not obviously dodged noise, after the stress reaction such as convulsions, run machine for turning up the soil and harrowing, rake, fragmentation are turned over to kind of duck shed fermentation bed top layer bedding and padding, turn over rake degree of depth 17.5-20cm; When fermenting bed padding turns over after rake completes, start centrifugal humidifier, advance along duck shed southern side, even spraying in house, removing kind of duck shed is interior owing to turning over the airborne dust that rake bedding and padding produce rapidly, open fermentation bed bottom inflatable fermentation system simultaneously, to bedding and padding inflation oxygenating bottom fermentation bed, promote aerobic fermentation, inflation fermentation time controls at 0.5-1 hour according to bedding and padding humidity condition, during high humidity, inflationtime is long, and humidity hour inflationtime shortens; After kind of duck shed airborne dust is removed, remove isolation purse seine and allow kind of a duck freely to enter duck shed.When using centrifugation humidifier spray for dust suppression, 5-10ppm chlorine dioxide can be added as required for sterilizing to colony house in the Water in Water Tank of centrifugation humidifier, also can add fermentation bed fermenting agent in order to the beneficial bacterium in supplementary bedding and padding in Water in Water Tank, promote the carrying out of the useful fermentation of fermentation bed.Described fermentation bed fermenting agent adopts II type fermentation bed fermenting agent of academy of agricultural sciences of Jiangsu Province herding Research Institute.
Bottom inflatable fermentation system is to the management of fermentation bed lower floor bedding and padding:
Except the inflation of bottom bedding and padding being fermented when top layer bedding and padding turn over rake, also comprise following situation to manage bottom bedding and padding: first, daily inflation fermentation, lay eggs early stage Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck, every 2-3 days once, each 20-30min, Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck laying period, is to eliminating, every 1-2 days once, each 30min, generally takes advantage of kind of a duck and carry out inflation fermentation when sports ground daytime; The second, winter low temperature weather, in order to improve fermentation bed duck shed temperature, 8-10 point starts fermentation bed bottom inflatable fermentation system at night, and each 30-50min, generally can improve kind of a duck ABD pad material temperature degree 3-5 DEG C; 3rd, before introducing novel species duck newly-hatched duckling, when fermentation is restarted to fermenting bed padding, inflation fermentation is carried out to adding the bedding and padding starting leavening and white sugar, bedding and padding temperature can be improved fast, effectively can kill sex pheromone residual in fermenting bed padding and parasitic ovum, specifically, first entirety is carried out to bedding and padding and turn over rake, degree of depth 30-35cm, then the water being started fermenting agent and white sugar by the I type fermentation bed containing academy of agricultural sciences of Jiangsu Province herding Research Institute is added, fermentation bed bacteria addition 1kg/500-600m 2, white sugar addition 5-10kg/100m 2adjustment bedding and padding humidity is to 40-50%, the now overcover such as fermentation bed Surface mulch film or straw screen or mat, start fermentation bed bottom inflatable fermentation system, every day 3 times, each 30-50min, rise to about 50 DEG C through 3-5 days bedding and padding ensemble average temperature, local temperature, more than 60 DEG C, removes Surface mulch thing, mean temperature continues rising about 5 DEG C, maintain 3-5 days, the harmful sex pheromone in bedding and padding and parasitic ovum are killed substantially, now stop above-mentioned inflation fermentation operation, fermenting bed padding was restarted fermentation and is completed, then can introduce newly-hatched duckling raising through 7-10 days.
The YYS-101 self-propelled rotary cultivator that described machine for turning up the soil and harrowing adopts Yiwu Yuan You plant equipment Co., Ltd to produce, adopts 6.5 petrol engines, ploughing depth 175-350mm.
The SC-LX-YD type spinning disk humidifier that described centrifugal humidifier adopts upper sea cowry water chestnut Electrical Appliances Co., Ltd to produce, rated voltage 220V, Maximum Ventilatory Volume 6000m 3, maximum spray amount 50kg/h.
The laying structure of Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck fermentation bed and the advantage of management method thereof are: first, the cost reducing fermenting bed padding drops into, the bedding and padding thickness of general fermentation bed cultivation is 50-80cm, and adopt wood chip more, the bedding and padding raw material that the relative costs such as rice husk are higher, the bedding and padding thickness that the utility model adopts only has 35-40cm, and the lower floor's bedding and padding adopted are the corn or rice and wheat straw that can easily obtain in vast rural area, what top layer adopted is also the agricultural wastes such as waste matter and bacterium slag, thus greatly reduce the bedding and padding cost of Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck fermentation bed raising, second, adopt top layer machine for turning up the soil and harrowing tool horsepower little, noise is little, producing kind of duck stress be little, do not affect kind of a duck productivity: because the duck shed fermenting bed padding gross thickness adopted is less than 40cm, top layer discreteness bedding and padding thickness only has 20cm, institute's use rotovator adopts 6.5 petrol engines, it is much little that noise compares conventional diesel rotovator, simultaneously, only 15-20cm is needed owing to turning over the rake bedding and padding degree of depth, little to the power demand of turning over rake, general warranty 1/3-1/2 Power output can complete top layer bedding and padding and turn over rake, when turning over rake, kind duck is driven into outside house simultaneously, so substantially can not have an impact to kind of a duck.
This Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck fermentation bed feeding and management method is compared traditional water non-irrigated pattern of supporting with traditional zymotic bed of supporting and is had following advantage:
First, adopt thin pad material fermentation bed structure and the management method of bottom inflatable fermentation system, under utilizing fermentation bed to realize kind of the prerequisite of duck ight soil ira situ degradation, effectively overcome fermenting bed padding that duck biological property causes to harden problem, optimize fermenting bed padding structure and management mode, improve the aerobic degradation ability of fermenting bed padding to kind of duck ight soil, decrease the discharge of foul gas and greenhouse gases, make that the breeding environment of meat kind duck is much cleaner, environmental protection; Simultaneously, thin pad material fermentation bed structure has been saved kind duck fermenting bed padding and has been dropped into and management cost, wherein bedding and padding input cost declines more than 50%, and the machine power of turning over rake bedding and padding requires to decline a lot, the purchase of machine for turning up the soil and harrowing tool and Energy Consumption Cost are significantly declined, and mechanicalness noise decline decrease the stress reaction of kind of duck.
Second, the ecological drought of Growth of Cherry Valley meat kind duck supports booth, sports ground and allocation of facility structure thereof, save the consumption at the facilities such as the pond of raising for kind of duck and water source, raise than the Traditional Man water surface according to statistics and save water source more than 90%, thus the sewage discharge decreased surrounding enviroment, breeding process is saved more, environmental protection; The outer duck group spray cleaning system of utilization house meets the biological habit that kind of duck plays with water and clears up feather, the interpolation of disinfection agent of chlorine dioxide makes kind of a duck clean hygiene, effectively reduce epidemic disease incidence and the death rate of kind of duck, improve the productivity of kind of duck, improve culture benefit.
3rd, this method improves the aerobic degradation ability of fermenting bed padding to kind of duck ight soil, can improve equal area colony house kind duck stock-carrying capacity 15-30% according to statistics, improve the cultivation amount of unit duck shed; Meanwhile, give up outer duck group spray cleaning system described in this method and fundamentally solve tradition and plant duck cultivation to the dependence of nature or artificial water, reduce the input of plant's construction area aspect.
Through experiment statistics, this raising method is compared traditional zymotic bed drought pattern of supporting and is improved laying rate 4.59%, compares traditional water pattern of supporting and improves laying rate 1.48%; Fertilization rate difference is not remarkable; Full phase feedstuff-egg ratio reduces by 3.68% than tradition drought pattern of supporting, and supports pattern feedstuff-egg ratio reduce by 1.09% than traditional water.And laying period kind duck death rate support pattern non-irrigateier in traditional zymotic bed is low by 40.31%, support pattern than traditional water low by 29.96%; Effective raising cultivation comprehensive benefit about 30%.How this method is promoted the use of in Pei County, Gaoyou etc., raise duck year only more than more than 80 ten thousand plumages, wherein Pei County drought supports 400,000 plumages, account for 80% of local raising total amount, substantially problem of environmental pollution is solved, save up to ten million waste water treatment expense, social benefit and ecological benefits are remarkable, are subject to local government, the accreditation of enterprise and raiser and favorable comment.
Above-described embodiment is the utility model preferably embodiment; but embodiment of the present utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments; change, the modification done under other any does not deviate from Spirit Essence of the present utility model and principle, substitute, combine, simplify; all should be the substitute mode of equivalence, be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. environmental protection, health and an economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house, it is characterized in that comprising kind of duck booth and motion threshing ground, described kind duck booth is connected with motion threshing ground; Described kind duck booth comprises She Qiang, ceiling and bottom inflatable fermentation bed, and described ceiling is arranged on She Qiang, described bottom inflatable fermentation bed be layed in house circummure around ground on; Described bottom inflatable fermentation bed comprises the inflation fermentation system below fermentation bed bed course and fermentation bed bed course; Described fermentation bed bed course comprises discreteness padding layer and the lower floor 15-20cm stalk layer of top layer 20cm; Described inflation fermentation system comprises the gas ducting device under inflation power set and the bed course that is connected thereof;
Described gas ducting device comprises nanometer aeration pipe, gas tube and gas tube solidification soleplate; Described nanometer aeration pipe is arranged in gas tube, described gas tube is provided with venthole, described solidification soleplate is provided with triangle groove, described gas tube is arranged on triangle groove, described nanometer aeration pipe connects with inflation power set, provides air by inflation power set; Described gas tube is laid on bottom fermenting bed padding according to the spacing of 1 ~ 2m.
2. environmental protection according to claim 1, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house, is characterized in that: described inflation power set comprise blower fan, supervisor, valve and are in charge of; Described blower fan is connected with supervisor, and described supervisor was connected with some being in charge of, and described being in charge of is provided with valve, and described being in charge of connects with nanometer aeration pipe.
3. environmental protection according to claim 2, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house, is characterized in that: described blower fan is roots blower;
Described supervisor is steel volume flexible pipe;
Described is in charge of for flexible pipe compiled by steel.
4. environmental protection according to claim 1, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house, is characterized in that: described kind duck booth is 1:1 ~ 1.5 with the area ratio in motion threshing ground;
Described motion threshing ground adopts fragment of brick to lay; Described motion threshing ground returns the water gradient from planting duck shed canopy side to peripheral hardware 1-3%.
5. environmental protection according to claim 1, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house, it is characterized in that: described motion threshing ground is provided with drinking device and spray cleaning apparatus, described drinking device and spray cleaning apparatus and kind duck shed canopy be arranged in parallel; Described spray cleaning apparatus is arranged at above described drinking device, and described drinking device comprises drinking trough, drain ditch and slatted floor, and described drain ditch is arranged at the both sides of drinking trough, and described slatted floor is arranged on drain ditch; Described drinking trough adopts external diameter 11-16cmPVC pipe to make, and outer block cement supports.
6. environmental protection according to claim 1, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house, is characterized in that: described ceiling comprises thermal insulation layer and heat-insulation layer that supporter and supporter are set up; Described supporter is triangle steelframe, and described thermal insulation layer is color steel watt, and described heat-insulation layer is 15cm foamed plastics.
7. environmental protection according to claim 1, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house, is characterized in that: the top of described ceiling is provided with unpowered turbine ventilated device.
8. environmental protection according to claim 1, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house, is characterized in that: described She Qiang connects around forming by the body of wall near motion side, threshing ground and other three face walls bodies; The described body of wall near motion side, threshing ground is made up of the volume film curtain of the high hollow concrete block fence of 1m and upside and ceiling side edge, and other three face walls bodies described are built into by hollow concrete block, and other described three face walls bodies are provided with ventilation window.
9. environmental protection according to claim 1, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house, is characterized in that: described fermentation bed is provided with duck hopper;
Described fermentation bed is provided with laying nest, and described laying nest is arranged at the She Qiang side away from volume film curtain.
10. environmental protection according to claim 1, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house, is characterized in that: described gas tube is PPR water pipe;
Described discreteness padding layer is waste matter or bacterium slag.
CN201420492663.5U 2014-08-28 2014-08-28 A kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat kind duck fermentation bed breeding house Expired - Fee Related CN204272909U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104186368A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-10 江苏省农业科学院 Environment-friendly, sanitary and saving type meat breeding duck fermentation bed raising house
CN104813952A (en) * 2015-04-27 2015-08-05 厦门嘉烨兴农业科技有限公司 Zero-emission ecological obstetric table for sow
CN105766694A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-07-20 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 Micro-ecological bedding material for raising aquatic birds and preparation method thereof
CN106305606A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-01-11 骆鑫 Breeding method of ecotype rabbits
CN113207711A (en) * 2021-05-26 2021-08-06 安徽农业大学 Fermentation bed for Wanyue black pigs

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104186368A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-10 江苏省农业科学院 Environment-friendly, sanitary and saving type meat breeding duck fermentation bed raising house
CN104186368B (en) * 2014-08-28 2017-07-21 江苏省农业科学院 A kind of environmental protection, health and economizing type meat duck fermentation bed breeding house
CN104813952A (en) * 2015-04-27 2015-08-05 厦门嘉烨兴农业科技有限公司 Zero-emission ecological obstetric table for sow
CN105766694A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-07-20 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 Micro-ecological bedding material for raising aquatic birds and preparation method thereof
CN106305606A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-01-11 骆鑫 Breeding method of ecotype rabbits
CN113207711A (en) * 2021-05-26 2021-08-06 安徽农业大学 Fermentation bed for Wanyue black pigs

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