CN108739648A - A kind of foster technique of laying duck whole process plane drought - Google Patents

A kind of foster technique of laying duck whole process plane drought Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108739648A
CN108739648A CN201810557813.9A CN201810557813A CN108739648A CN 108739648 A CN108739648 A CN 108739648A CN 201810557813 A CN201810557813 A CN 201810557813A CN 108739648 A CN108739648 A CN 108739648A
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area
laying
argol
whole process
technique
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CN201810557813.9A
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CN108739648B (en
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陈培赛
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Anhui Binjiang Agricultural Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Cangnan County Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of foster technique of laying duck whole process plane drought, including:Raising area includes behaviour area and area of laying eggs;Mesh bed structure is taken in behaviour area, and net bed lower section dung scraping device, the excrement part scraped obtains argol mixture after being mixed by 1: 5-10 with dry soil after drying of being exposed to the sun;Area's area of laying eggs is consistent with behaviour area and connected accessible, and area of laying eggs is bedding and padding using straw, rice chaff, hay, argol mixture, and bedding and padding height is 10-20cm;Oviposition period is morning 2-5 point, keeps dim light;Lid column home above area is raised, column home periphery is equipped with isolation;Column home installs temperature control device, and summer is cooled to 30 degree hereinafter, column home installs exhaust equipment;Moisture control unit is installed, clean water is sprayed in timing above behaviour area;Disconnected beak is carried out when eating mao;Water drinking tube should be positioned in the net bed of behaviour area, and animal feeds bucket is positioned over behaviour area or area of laying eggs.

Description

A kind of foster technique of laying duck whole process plane drought
Technical field
The present invention relates to animal husbandry fields, and in particular to a kind of foster technique of laying duck whole process plane drought.
Background technology
Current plane cultivation realizes that full drought is supported not yet, generally configures a small-scale swimming pool and swims for laying duck.It deposits The problem of be that displacement is larger, a water will be changed within general three or four days, a large amount of duck excrement, sewage disposal difficulty are mixed in draining Greatly, cost is big.The presence of swimming pool also causes many cause of diseases to be propagated by drinking water, leads to the outburst of epidemic disease.Existing skill Art:CN104521883A discloses a kind of method improving meat duck egg production, including:(1) the daily light application time control of meat duck exists 16-18 hours;(2) retain the drake of 2-5% in duck group;(3) the moult phase of meat duck controlled at 35-45 days.Phase is cultivated with tradition Than the present invention can significantly improve the egg production of meat duck.The prior art:The present invention relates to a kind of laying duck cage feeding management sides Method includes and includes the following steps:(1) duck cage is put and is arranged:Using stair shape superposed multi-layer cage arrangement mode, towards feeding The side gaps Ya Long of slot are arranged to circle, and spray equipment is arranged in centre position above every layer of duck cage;(2) cage on;(3) daily Feeding management:Start within 15 days before the initial stage of laying eggs to gradually decrease the amount of feeding, until lay eggs pay the bill before 1 week feeding amount be down to daily feeding amount 20%, be continued for lay eggs start;(4) feeding management of laying period;(5) illumination:It is artificial to control 15 days before the initial stage of laying eggs Then illumination system processed, first illumination 2 hours control laying duck 6 hours in dark environment, light and shade crosses one another;It lays eggs initial stage Start, daily light application time is not less than 12h;Mid-term of the laying eggs light application time daily with the later stage of laying eggs is not less than 16h;(6) warm Degree;(7) humidity.
However, with duck intensive culture, especially laying duck intensive culture promotes the use, and laying duck water supports mode and bring Many drawbacks:First, laying duck high-density rearing causes duck excreta to concentrate discharge in the water body of limited areal, and water body richness is caused to be sought Fosterization destroys natural environment;Second, high-density rearing's mode leads to put in a suitable place to breed various pathogenic microorganism contents in the water body of laying duck It severely exceeds, so as to cause the occurred frequently of laying duck epidemic disease, death and culling rate increases.
Traditional foster mode of drought, solves dependence of the laying duck to water source, but due to the cleaning action at not no water source, causes egg Duck enteron aisle and genital diseases are occurred frequently, cause the laying duck death rate and mortality to increase, and the easier morbidity of high laying ducks It eliminates.
Invention content
In view of the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides a kind of laying duck whole process plane droughts to support technique, by duck shed and bedding and padding into Row improvement, and temperature and humidity is controlled, so that laying duck is kept fit, and keep high yield, economy and ecological benefits can be obtained.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, technical solution is provided:
A kind of foster technique of laying duck whole process plane drought, which is characterized in that raising area includes behaviour area and area of laying eggs;It adopts behaviour area Mesh bed structure is taken, mesh is at 2-4 centimeters;Dung scraping device below net bed, the excrement part scraped be exposed to the sun it is dry after with dry soil By argol mixture is obtained after 1: 5-10 mixing, make fertilizer in periphery farmland after remainder elder generation fermentation process;It lays eggs area's area Consistent with behaviour area and connected accessible, area of laying eggs uses straw, rice chaff, hay, argol mixture for bedding and padding, the straw, Rice chaff, hay, argol mixture weight ratio be 5-10: 5-10: 2-5: 2-5, bedding and padding height be 10-20cm;Oviposition period is Morning 2-5 point keeps dim light;Lid column home above area is raised, column home periphery is equipped with isolation;Column home installs temperature control device, summer It is cooled to 30 degree hereinafter, column home installs exhaust equipment;Moisture control unit is installed, clean water is sprayed in timing above behaviour area; Disconnected beak is carried out when eating mao;Water drinking tube should be positioned in the net bed of behaviour area, and animal feeds bucket is positioned over behaviour area or area of laying eggs.
Further, the excrement part scraped obtains argol after being mixed by 1: 7.5 with dry soil after drying of being exposed to the sun Mixture.
Further, the bedding and padding include straw, rice chaff, hay, argol mixture weight ratio be 7.5: 7.5: 2.5: 2.5。
Further, breeding density is every square metre of 10-20.
Further, oviposition period keeps dim light using barn door.
Further, the net bed is antibiotic plastic net.
Further, sprinkling clean water 3 times daily, are sprayed, 15 minutes every time in the form of humidifier.
Behaviour area of the present invention must take mesh bed structure, and mesh is at 2-4 centimeters.Dung scraping device below net bed keeps column home Air do not polluted by ammonia;Area's area of laying eggs is consistent with behaviour area and connected accessible, and area of laying eggs generally uses straw, rice huller Chaff, hay are bedding and padding;Oviposition period is generally morning 2-5 point, should keep dim light, prevents from pecking anus being inflamed;Activity Area and lay eggs area be collectively referred to as raising area, raising area above should lid column home, realize rain dirt separation, there is isolation on column home periphery, windproof, anti- Rain;Column home installs temperature control device, and summer is cooled to 30 degree or less;Column home installs exhaust equipment, prevents ammonia, foul smell accumulation on column Laying duck health is influenced in house;Should break beak in time when eating mao;Water drinking tube should be positioned in the net bed of behaviour area, for laying duck freedom Drinking-water, animal feeds bucket can be positioned over behaviour area or the Qu Junke that lays eggs;In periphery agriculture after the generally first fermentation process of the waste for scraping out Make fertilizer in ground.
The excrement part scraped in the present invention obtains argol mixing after being mixed by 1: 5-10 with dry soil after drying of being exposed to the sun Object, using the weight ratio of straw, rice chaff, hay, argol mixture for 5-10: 5-10: 2-5: 2-5 as bedding and padding, with routine techniques It compares, laying duck can be effectively promoted and carry out particular place and lay eggs by being mixed with the bedding and padding of part argol mixture, and improve laying rate And percentage of head rice, to improve yield.Aforementioned proportion needs to control in a certain range, will excessively noxious odor be caused to generate, mistake It is small to cause invention effect that cannot realize well.It is also added into rice chaff in bedding and padding, so as to control aridity, prevents bacterium Excessively grow.
The present invention by by control temperature and humidity, keep laying duck dynamic, promote growth and the health of laying duck, Egg rate is received to improve.
The present invention realizes whole laying duck drought and supports, and laying duck high yield or peak period is kept to extend, keep duck egg shell it is clean and tidy, Breakage rate is low, and excreta decrement, processing are simple, laying duck fully achieved with the external world be isolated, epidemic disease it is few.
Specific implementation mode
The following is a clear and complete description of the technical scheme in the embodiments of the invention, it is clear that described embodiment Only a part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, the common skill in this field The every other embodiment that art personnel are obtained, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of foster technique of laying duck whole process plane drought, which is characterized in that raising area includes behaviour area and area of laying eggs;It adopts behaviour area Mesh bed structure is taken, mesh is at 3 centimeters;Dung scraping device below net bed, the excrement part scraped is after drying of being exposed to the sun with dry soil by 1 : it obtains argol mixture after 7.5 mixing, makees fertilizer in periphery farmland after remainder elder generation fermentation process;It lays eggs area's area and work Dynamic area is consistent and is connected accessible, and area of laying eggs is bedding and padding using straw, rice chaff, hay, argol mixture, the straw, rice chaff, Hay, argol mixture weight ratio be 7.5: 7.5: 2.5: 2.5, bedding and padding height be 15cm;Oviposition period is morning 2-5 point, Keep dim light;Lid column home above area is raised, column home periphery is equipped with isolation;Column home installs temperature control device, and summer is cooled to 30 Degree is hereinafter, column home installs exhaust equipment;Moisture control unit is installed, clean water is sprayed in timing above behaviour area;When eating mao Carry out disconnected beak;Water drinking tube should be positioned in the net bed of behaviour area, and animal feeds bucket is positioned over behaviour area or area of laying eggs.Breeding density is every Square metres 15.The net bed is antibiotic plastic net.Sprinkling clean water 3 times daily, is sprayed in the form of humidifier, and every time 15 Minute.
Embodiment 2
A kind of foster technique of laying duck whole process plane drought, which is characterized in that raising area includes behaviour area and area of laying eggs;It adopts behaviour area Mesh bed structure is taken, mesh is at 2 centimeters;Dung scraping device below net bed, the excrement part scraped is after drying of being exposed to the sun with dry soil by 1 : it obtains argol mixture after 10 mixing, makees fertilizer in periphery farmland after remainder elder generation fermentation process;Lay eggs area's area with activity Area is consistent and connected accessible, and area of laying eggs is bedding and padding using straw, rice chaff, hay, argol mixture, and the straw, is done rice chaff Careless, argol mixture weight ratio is 5: 10: 2: 5, and bedding and padding height is 10cm;Oviposition period is morning 2-5 point, keeps dark It is light;Lid column home above area is raised, column home periphery is equipped with isolation;Column home installs temperature control device, and summer is cooled to 30 degree hereinafter, column home Exhaust equipment is installed;Moisture control unit is installed, clean water is sprayed in timing above behaviour area;Disconnected beak is carried out when eating mao;Drink Water pipe should be positioned in the net bed of behaviour area, and animal feeds bucket is positioned over behaviour area or area of laying eggs.Breeding density is 20 every square metre. The net bed is antibiotic plastic net.Sprinkling clean water 3 times daily, is sprayed, 15 minutes every time in the form of humidifier.
Embodiment 3
A kind of foster technique of laying duck whole process plane drought, which is characterized in that raising area includes behaviour area and area of laying eggs;It adopts behaviour area Mesh bed structure is taken, mesh is at 4 centimeters;Dung scraping device below net bed, the excrement part scraped is after drying of being exposed to the sun with dry soil by 1 : it obtains argol mixture after 5 mixing, makees fertilizer in periphery farmland after remainder elder generation fermentation process;Lay eggs area's area with activity Area is consistent and connected accessible, and area of laying eggs is bedding and padding using straw, rice chaff, hay, argol mixture, and the straw, is done rice chaff Careless, argol mixture weight ratio is 10: 5: 5: 2, and bedding and padding height is 20cm;Oviposition period is morning 2-5 point, keeps dark It is light;Lid column home above area is raised, column home periphery is equipped with isolation;Column home installs temperature control device, and summer is cooled to 30 degree hereinafter, column home Exhaust equipment is installed;Moisture control unit is installed, clean water is sprayed in timing above behaviour area;Disconnected beak is carried out when eating mao;Drink Water pipe should be positioned in the net bed of behaviour area, and animal feeds bucket is positioned over behaviour area or area of laying eggs.Breeding density is 10 every square metre. The net bed is antibiotic plastic net.Sprinkling clean water 3 times daily, is sprayed, 15 minutes every time in the form of humidifier.
Comparative example 1
It is essentially identical with the technique of embodiment 1, it is added without argol in unique different argol mixture.
Comparative example 2
Essentially identical with the technique of embodiment 1, the ratio of argol and dry soil is 1 in unique different argol mixture ∶1。
Comparative example 3
It is essentially identical with the technique of embodiment 1, it is unique the difference is that being added without rice chaff in bedding and padding.
Comparative example 4
It is essentially identical with the technique of embodiment 1, it is unique the difference is that without humid control.
Simulation raising test is carried out to embodiment 1-3 and comparative example 1-4, every 50 laying ducks are one group, duck 1.5-1.7 thousand Gram, 120-500 ages in days are as a result as follows.
The present invention realizes whole laying duck drought and supports, and keeping laying duck high yield to keep, duck egg shell is clean and tidy, breakage rate is low, excretion Object decrement, processing are simple, laying duck fully achieved with the external world be isolated, epidemic disease it is few.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention With within principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention god.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of laying duck whole process plane drought supports technique, which is characterized in that raising area includes behaviour area and area of laying eggs;It takes behaviour area Mesh bed structure, mesh is at 2-4 centimeters;Dung scraping device below net bed, the excrement part scraped is after drying of being exposed to the sun with dry soil by 1 : it obtains argol mixture after 5-10 mixing, makees fertilizer in periphery farmland after remainder elder generation fermentation process;It lays eggs area's area and work Dynamic area is consistent and is connected accessible, and area of laying eggs is bedding and padding using straw, rice chaff, hay, argol mixture, the straw, rice chaff, Hay, argol mixture weight ratio be 5-10: 5-10: 2-5: 2-5, bedding and padding height be 10-20cm;Oviposition period is morning 2- , keep dim light at 5 points;Lid column home above area is raised, column home periphery is equipped with isolation;Column home installs temperature control device, summer cooling To 30 degree hereinafter, column home installs exhaust equipment;Moisture control unit is installed, clean water is sprayed in timing above behaviour area;It eats Disconnected beak is carried out when hair;Water drinking tube should be positioned in the net bed of behaviour area, and animal feeds bucket is positioned over behaviour area or area of laying eggs.
2. laying duck whole process plane drought according to claim 1 supports technique, which is characterized in that the excrement part scraped is sudden and violent Argol mixture is obtained after being mixed by 1: 7.5 with dry soil after solarization is dry.
3. laying duck whole process plane drought according to claim 1 supports technique, which is characterized in that the bedding and padding include straw, rice huller Chaff, hay, argol mixture weight ratio be 7.5: 7.5: 2.5: 2.5.
4. laying duck whole process plane drought according to claim 1 supports technique, which is characterized in that breeding density is every square metre 10-20 is only.
5. laying duck whole process plane drought according to claim 1 supports the preparation method of technique, which is characterized in that oviposition period makes Dim light is kept with barn door.
6. laying duck whole process plane drought according to claim 1 supports technique, which is characterized in that the net bed is antibiotic plastic Net.
7. laying duck whole process plane drought according to claim 1 supports technique, which is characterized in that sprinkling clean water 3 times daily, with Humidifier form is sprayed, 15 minutes every time.
CN201810557813.9A 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 All-range planar dry-farming process for laying ducks Active CN108739648B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109479820A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-03-19 赵永祥 A kind of feeding technique of laying duck whole process plane drought
CN110338145A (en) * 2019-07-29 2019-10-18 中国热带农业科学院热带作物品种资源研究所 A kind of method of the good product duck of net bed raising
CN110973050A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-04-10 湖北省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Half-net-bed breeding method and system for laying ducks

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CN201709238U (en) * 2010-07-23 2011-01-19 山东省农业科学院家禽研究所 Device for dry-breeding on net inside egg duck house
CN102027889A (en) * 2010-10-03 2011-04-27 赵克学 Cultural method of meat ducks by using biological fermentation bed
CN201846680U (en) * 2010-10-03 2011-06-01 赵克学 Biological environment-friendly colony house for breeding ducks
CN103563837A (en) * 2013-09-10 2014-02-12 江西赣玉林农业开发有限公司 Method for culturing laying ducks with duck cages

Patent Citations (7)

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SU1692450A1 (en) * 1983-04-07 1991-11-23 Всесоюзный научно-исследовательский и технологический институт птицеводства Method for obtaining mulards
CN1943325A (en) * 2006-10-20 2007-04-11 江宵兵 Ground raising equipment for egg ducle in pens and its raising method
CN101796936A (en) * 2010-01-18 2010-08-11 内蒙古塞飞亚集团有限责任公司 Energy-saving and environment-protection zero-emission technology for scale duck cultivation by fermenting packing
CN201709238U (en) * 2010-07-23 2011-01-19 山东省农业科学院家禽研究所 Device for dry-breeding on net inside egg duck house
CN102027889A (en) * 2010-10-03 2011-04-27 赵克学 Cultural method of meat ducks by using biological fermentation bed
CN201846680U (en) * 2010-10-03 2011-06-01 赵克学 Biological environment-friendly colony house for breeding ducks
CN103563837A (en) * 2013-09-10 2014-02-12 江西赣玉林农业开发有限公司 Method for culturing laying ducks with duck cages

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109479820A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-03-19 赵永祥 A kind of feeding technique of laying duck whole process plane drought
CN110338145A (en) * 2019-07-29 2019-10-18 中国热带农业科学院热带作物品种资源研究所 A kind of method of the good product duck of net bed raising
CN110973050A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-04-10 湖北省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Half-net-bed breeding method and system for laying ducks

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