CN106577410A - Courtyard stereoscopic breeding method for leeches - Google Patents

Courtyard stereoscopic breeding method for leeches Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106577410A
CN106577410A CN201611124357.6A CN201611124357A CN106577410A CN 106577410 A CN106577410 A CN 106577410A CN 201611124357 A CN201611124357 A CN 201611124357A CN 106577410 A CN106577410 A CN 106577410A
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water
leech
cylinder body
glass
glass cylinder
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CN201611124357.6A
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CN106577410B (en
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张长伟
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Jiangsu World Agricultural Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co Ltd
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Jiangsu World Agricultural Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/20Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated from animal husbandry
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses a courtyard stereoscopic breeding method for leeches. The method includes steps of S100, preparing a pond; S200, letting water into the pond; S300, building a leech breeding tank; S400, allowing egg laying and incubation; S500, breeding baits; S600, releasing leech larvae; S700, performing daily breeding management. The method provided by the invention improves leech breeding economic benefits.

Description

Leech courtyard-style stereoscopic cultivation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to hirudiniculture, and in particular to a kind of leech courtyard-style stereoscopic cultivation method.
Background technology
Leech is Chinese medicine, is the primary raw material medicine of apoplexy, hemiplegia, hypertension, amenorrhoea, treatment cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease etc., , by agricultural chemicals, chemical plant blowdown, the pollution of house refuse water body, suitable leech living environment is severe, causes for the environment of leech growth Leech is seriously deficient, therefore hirudiniculture is developed rapidly in China for nearly 20 years.But field natural environment cultivation is mostly, is supported Grow that the time is longer, harmful animal constantly kills and devour in growth course.Summer heat high temperature, winter severe cold causes the yield of leech cannot be had Effect is improved, and current leech is typically using the cultivation of pool hole, and floor space is big, is not suitable for family's garden cultivation.Also there are numerous before Bright technical patent, but all unrealistic, leech bait is dead serious, water pollution, and young leech is difficult to look for food, poor growth, It is even not long to become thin naturally to death, many hirudiniculture failures are caused, and then leech price once raised up, pharmaceutical factory high price is adopted Purchase, patient gives a long price for medicine, causes vicious circle.
The content of the invention
For the defect of prior art, the invention provides a kind of leech courtyard-style stereoscopic cultivation method.
A kind of leech courtyard-style stereoscopic cultivation method, comprises the following steps:S100:Prepare pond:Build multiple solarization pools With bait culture pond, the independent Inlet and outlet water of each pool mouth, diagonally using pipeline communication, cultivation pasture and water in pool are shone;S200:Water filling, to Shine pool and inject free of contamination water body, and pasture and water are planted in the nutritive cube;S300:Build hirudiniculture pond, the leech Culturing pool includes being provided with divided glass lacing film 7 in multiple glass cylinder bodies 1, the glass cylinder body 1;S400:Spawning and hatching, will contain The fertile soil of water 30--35% is put in spawning pond, and depth is deep at 20--35 centimetre, then leech to be produced is put into into spawning pond product Ovum;S500:Breeding bait, live body spiral shell is put in the bait culture pond and concentrates feeding, and pieces of an egg are put into into institute after its spawning State in glass cylinder body 1;S600:Young leech seedling is thrown in, the Whitmania pigra Whitman spawns after hatching are taken out from the fertile soil, soaked, will Leech seedling is put in the glass cylinder body 1;S700:Daily aquaculture management, maintains the temperature of breeding environment in 20-25 degree, often Day draws water into the glass cylinder body 1 from the solarization pool and carries out changing water;It is net that the water discharged from glass cylinder body 1 enters sunning water pool Change.
Optionally, step S100 includes:Nontoxic film is laid in solarization pool bottom, and sunning water pool pool bottom is placed Nutritious alms bowl, is put into plantation pasture and water in 3--10 centimetre of soil, the nutritive cube in nutritive cube.Step S200 includes:Adopt With the free of contamination water body in underground, the solarization pool, total height 60%- of water body to pond are injected within 1-3 month before hirudiniculture 80%, pasture and water area accounts for whole water body 50%-70%.Multilayer cultivation glass cylinder body 1 is placed on support 2, under glass cylinder body 1 Go up greatly it is little progressively reduce, with layer the intermediate conduit of glass cylinder body 1 be connected, the top edge of glass cylinder body 1 with sponge wrap up, the glass Glass lacing film 7 at intervals of 5-7 centimetre, about 20--30 centimetre of the total height of glass lacing film 7, apart from the bottom 15-25 of glass cylinder body 1 Centimetre, glass lacing film 7 surfaces 10-20 centimetre.One end of glass cylinder body 1 is provided with inlet channel 3, arranges in inlet channel 3 There is multiple tracks glass partition 4, the height of glass partition 4 is reduced successively, the current into glass cylinder body 1 are caused by glass partition 4 Form waterfall shape.Step S300 includes:Light-coloured vinegar is poured into according to every cubic metre of 150-200 milliliter into the glass cylinder body 1, Add water, sterilization immersion is drained after 5-10 days, standby.Step S400 includes:Leech lay eggs temperature control 18--25 degree it Between, leech enters after fertile soil and passes through the vaporific surface moisturizing of watering can.Step S600 includes:Its ovum cocoon is concentrated on into container It is interior, gradually soak ovum cocoon 10-20 centimetre, leech gradually from cocoon out, surface, plastic foil is sprinkled upon into the water surface, children Leech assembles on the plastic film, puts it into afterwards in glass cylinder body 1.Step S700 includes:The quantity of exchanged water is stream daily Fall the half of the cultivation water of the superiors in the glass cylinder body 1.Step S700 includes:According to 20-50 times of the young leech of cultivation Quantity feed spiral shell ovum.Kind of a spiral shell is thrown in the bait culture pond, is 5%- by kind of spiral shell weight concentration before kind of spiral shell is thrown in 8% saline solution cleaning 10-20 minutes.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:By the process to water body, the purifying aquaculture of pasture and water, glass cylinder body is transparent to support the present invention Grow, floor space is little, cultivation density is high, suitable garden cultivation, the requirement of constant temperature and water body, leech to illuminance, according to throwing Put, forage feed, effective setting of the management in later stage etc. so that leech plant leech breed, ovum cocoon hatching and the growth of seedling During, the oxygen content of water body has been effectively ensured, the incubation rate of young leech, survival rate, the feeding of bait establish benign ecology System, is to save water source to create bigger value.Simultaneously the probability that leech catches is reduced, improve surviving for leech Rate, reduces manually, hirudiniculture density is improve, so as to improve the economic benefit of hirudiniculture.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the flow chart of cultural method of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the dimensional structure diagram of glass cylinder body;
Fig. 3 is the front view of glass cylinder body;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation for shining pool;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of culture pond.
Specific embodiment
It is understandable to enable the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention to become apparent from, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings to the present invention Specific embodiment be described in detail, the above and other purpose of the present invention, feature and advantage will be become apparent from.Complete Identical reference indicates identical part in portion's accompanying drawing.Not deliberately accompanying drawing drawn to scale, it is preferred that emphasis is illustrate this Bright purport.
As shown in figure 1, the hirudiniculture method of the present invention is comprised the following steps.
S100:Prepare pond:Outdoor ponds three are built, the A pools, the B pools, the C pools (many pools do not limit) is set to for the time being, in addition in list Solely prepare D, E, F pool (bait cultivation is used), the independent Inlet and outlet water of each pool mouth is diagonally connected, AB, BC connections using PVC, if There is unnecessary pool mouth by that analogy, but AC is without connection.On the C pools, least significant end opens a gap, and height is about the 80% of pool depth. Pool mouth is cement pit (needing immersion removing alkaline matter to use) or underground Tu Chi, it is also possible to laid with nontoxic film In bottom of pond portion, tank depth about 2--2.5 rice, size is determined according to the actual scale of hirudiniculture, and each pool mouth is actual cultivation 5-10 times of size of area.If if cement pit or the nontoxic film of laying, by B, C pool bottom 20--35 centimetre of battalion of bore Foster alms bowl is put into bottom of pond, and 3--10 centimetre of soil is put in nutritive cube, if the step for directly Tu Chi can remove nutritive cube from.
S200:Groundwater abstraction.Using the free of contamination water body in underground, 2 months injection A, B, C pools, water before hirudiniculture When the close nutritive cube height in source, wide leaf pasture and water (lake willow, flood are blue) can be planted into nutritive cube, the total height of water body to pond 80%, cursive script area constitutes about whole water body 70%, when treating pasture and water to water surface elevation, you can carry out next step.
S300:Build hirudiniculture pond.Start the construction in hirudiniculture pond when underground water source is dried, leech is supported Grow container for glass, as shown in Figure 2,3, place multilayer cultivation glass cylinder body 1 on support 2, glass cylinder body 1 using it is lower it is big on Little progressively to reduce, (with easy to operate space indentation) builds about four layers, and about 1 meter of length, three layers of cultivation leech are cultivating Per layer of glass cylinder body 1 in the middle of widened the view with 20 or 32 pipes, use corresponding PVC pipeline, (height of water pipe is exactly cultivation water to height The height of body) top one applies sponge wrapping (prevention leech escape when water is changed), cultivates each layer of leech of glass The collar extension of cylinder body 1 is adhered to using sponge, and apart from the centimeters of 1 inwall of glass cylinder body 25 glass lacing film 7 is hung, and density is between 5-7 centimetre Every about 20--30 centimetre of the total height of glass lacing film 7 starts to hang glass lacing film apart from the bottom 15-25 centimeters of glass cylinder body 1 7, glass lacing film 7 surfaces about 10-20 centimetre.Glass lacing film 7 is primarily to increase hirudiniculture density, leech is liked Lie prone side in the surrounding of water body, space is thus make use of very well, saved cost, can be using being not added with glass in most last layer Piece, primarily to after outdoor water source is entered, next day opens top level control valve, or automatic overflow mouth, also or time control Device processed flows into the cylinder body of hirudiniculture naturally.Can be every one meter of adhesion, one group of glass cylinder body 1, two groups of glass cylinder bodies 1 are symmetrically altogether With, between separated by dividing plate 6, be similar to Chinese " mountain ".Glass cylinder body 1 is provided with inlet channel 3, is provided with inlet channel 3 Multiple tracks glass partition 4, the height of glass partition 4 is reduced successively, and by glass partition 4 the current shape into glass cylinder body 1 is caused Into waterfall shape, can so increase water body oxygen content.
All glass viscose glues use nontoxic Aci-Jel, after glass cylinder body bonds solidification in 7 days or so, water immersion are cultivated Topnotch (gap is blocked), according to every cubic metre of 150-200 milliliter in cylinder light-coloured vinegar is poured into, water of draining after soaking 5-10 days of sterilizing Source is standby.
S400:Spawning and hatching:Mate under the natural temperature of leech 15-20 degree, start within about 22-30 days to select obstetric table to produce Ovum, if it exceeds also do not lay eggs within 30 days will cause swollen abdomen and it is dead, but the spawning medium for choosing is then crucial, by moisture content The fertile soil of 30--35% is put in spawning pond, casing, and depth is deep at 20--35 centimetre, is then put into leech to be produced, leech Naturally enter in fertile soil, if it find that some leech do not enter into after two hours, or the leech having is bored half and enters rotten Grow in soil, with watering can spray form 3-5 second moisturizings, ponding (rather few not many) can not be formed.For 24 hours also in spawning pond, case table The leech in face is taken out.
Leech egg-laying environment requires temperature control between 18--25 degree, and illuminance is in 0.75 meter of 70Lx.Leech enters matchmaker Start within about 12 hours after Jie spawning, keep the peace and quiet of egg-laying environment, should not arbitrarily overturn soil, mobile spawning case.About 3 days Use the vaporific moisturizing of watering can afterwards, the only moisturizing on surface, general spraying 5-10 second, afterwards according to air themperature and humidity mending Spray water, about 10 days or so, leech spawning terminated.Leech, Whitmania pigra Whitman spawns will now be planted separate, hatching ovum cocoon repetition spawning step , temperature and humidity is consistent.As weather is increasingly warmed up, the temperature of hatching does not necessarily exceed 26 degree, particularly daytime.Greatly The young leech of fertilization can all be hatched to come within about 20 days, this kind of pattern is leech spawning, the hatching of most saving trouble, can save a large amount of Time, improve leech spawning quantity and hatching children leech quality.
S500:Bait is cultivated:The main bait of leech is exactly snail and clam shell class, the general high-volume of current numerous raisers Go to buy finished product snail and clam shell class, but the spiral shell bought is, through long-distance transport, to pile up transport, and breechblock is easily injured, dead, The spiral shell that such spiral shell input enters then to eat up can be dead, and the human body rots to cause the ammonia of water body, nitrogen, nitrite exceeded and dirty Dye.For the method in this present invention using autotrophy bait, when spiral shell is pulled back from field or plant cultivation is isolated, The spiral shell for surviving is put in kind of spiral shell pond after ten days concentrates feeding, the three-dimensional leech being put on pieces of an egg after sterilization after its spawning is supported In the glass jar grown, suitable temperature promotes spiral shell ovum to hatch naturally in pond, and young spiral shell out afterwards according to the life habit of spiral shell, feeds bait Material.
S600:Throw in young leech seedling:Whitmania pigra Whitman spawns are taken out in hatching fertile soil, if it find that leech (eurysome golden thread leech) Color is coffee-like, illustrate young leech body full maturity, if leech tripe in be similar to and bullate turn white just that explanation children leech is also Do not hatch completely.The Whitmania pigra Whitman spawns hatched completely are shifted to an earlier date into 2 hours to be put in breeding environment, is hatched medium and is removed Afterwards, its ovum cocoon is concentrated in container, gradually to soak the cm of ovum cocoon 20.Leech gradually from cocoon out, expose The water surface, plastic foil now can be torn into irregularly be sprinkled upon the water surface, and young leech is gathered in plastic foil, and glass is put it into after half an hour In glass cylinder, this kind of pattern is repeatedly thrown in, until young leech grabs totally, allows its young leech that plastic foil, plastics are voluntarily left because eating food There is no secondary pollution water quality or contaminated in film, can take away after young leech is put down 15 days in water.
S700:Daily aquaculture management:Environment needed for cultivation leech:It is required that there is thermostatic equipment interior, 20-25 degree can adjust model Enclose, if outdoor temperature is below or above this temperature, equipment can be with automatic running.The central area brightness requirement of cultivation 1.2 meters of eminences reach 200Lx, shine upon less than cultivation cylinder body.
Because breeding environment is under controlled temperature conditions, enter into C pools end by cultivating certainly after the completion of glass jar is sterilized first Water, water inlet adopts time opening, Ordination of pump to open 1 every 4 hours little with 8 cubes of water bodys per hour, 16 meters of lift When, certainly this is fixed, because the cylinder body of cultivation is not fixed size, supporting with the glass cylinder body the superiors of pouring off daily Grow water half to be advisable.In 2 months, when spiral shell ovum starts to breed, not up to breed and to be set up temperature-controlling chamber, January where temperature Start cultivation kind spiral shell, at the latest spiral shell ovum will be gathered the April, is put into glass cylinder body and is started to cultivate young spiral shell, when spiral shell ovum enters glass cylinder body After cultivation, indoor temperature should natural temperature control at 15-25 degree Celsius, it is allowed to the day-night change maximum of every day, about 10-15 Its spiral shell ovum starts young spiral shell.Feed suitable bait, put quality before quantity feed mode can reduce bait rot and polluted water. The quantity of spiral shell ovum is entered according to 20-50 times of the young leech of cultivation of quantity.The young leech that early stage can so be ensured takes for 15-25 days naturally Food, propagates artificially and only needs to control temperature and illuminance.Into 4 months at the beginning of, the leech of pregnancy initially entered spawning, April The last ten-days period initially enter incubation period, and now outdoor natural temperature can reach 15--25 degree, be particularly suitable for leech spawning, hatching, Plant spiral shell, the cultivation of young spiral shell to breed, then the water source purifying in the pool has also obtained extraordinary purification.May, young leech was afterwards out Can be directly entered in cultivation base, the quantity of young spiral shell has reached certain quantity, and now large, medium and small, young spiral shell is balanced, and young leech exists The bait oneself liked is eaten in culturing jar body, because being the transparent body of glass, can at any time observe bait situation, young leech is No situation of being satiated with food.With the increase of young leech own body weight, the pollution of defecation of eating food, we will should now cultivate cylinder body end Water pipeline is arranged to B ponds, and approach C pond enters pasture and water circularly purifying, so goes round and begins again, when pasture and water are stained with pond more than 60% When, then pasture and water are pulled out daily and come a part of, knock down D, E, F pool feeding snail.Into June, plant spiral shell and cultivate on the D pools, Spiral shell ovum was put in E, F pool according to 20 days for a cycle, when not having spiral shell in cultivation glass jar, then the spiral shell in E, F pool was pulled out To be fed.Now the A pools daily into new water body total amount 10% as the consumption of supplement water level, A pools water only enters well water Underground Xin Shui, the cultivation water after circulation must not enter A ponds, the recycling that can only be gone round and begun again inside B, C and cultivation leech, D, E, F can be discharged directly into support in spiral shell pond, the water that the pond through supporting spiral shell ejects can again again through water plant list Solely use after purification.
Experimental example
The preparation of underground water source:A bite missile silo is beaten, water yield is at daily 30-100 cube.The choosing on the sunning water pool pool Select:The rectangular pond of January excavation goodies is wide 6 meters, 50 meters of length, 2.3 meters of depth, A, B, C, D, E, F (Fig. 3), pool mouth All laid using plastic foil, main purpose is to avoid later stage water body muddy, and pot planting water is used in B, C, D, E, F pool Grass, 2 meters of F pools mouth overflow pipes open height, AB, BC, CD, DE, EF ending dislocation pipeline communication.
Cultivation leech bait pond prepares:G, H, I, J, K pool mouth (Fig. 4) are excavated at the beginning of one month, wide 6 meters, 50 meters of length is deep 2.3 meters, 100 mesh anti-escape network all around is dug behind pond, entered water and start in each pond plant pasture and water area more than 50%.Separately It is S-shaped shape to also need to outward excavate the L pools, lays in the water body purification that Luo Chi is ejected.
Cultivation leech factory prepares:Cultivation factory builds according to self-condition and environment, using insulation material, and installs control Warm system 15-25 degree, 1.5 meters of clear glass window (best doubling double glazing) is opened every 2 meters, and is lived in window outdoor installation Dynamic sunshade net, opens when needing, and closes, and can play a part of to adjust room brilliancy.
The preparation of cultivation cylinder body:Every one meter of adhesion, one group of cylinder body, symmetrically share per two groups, be similar to " mountain " of Chinese, cylinder Body bottom is most wide, and according to height progressively indentation, the centimeters of edge 25 of interior distance management passage start to be pasted with glass every 7 centimetres Glass bar, bar is wide 25 centimetres, and apart from 15 centimetres of bottom beginning bonding, plus deep water level is apart from 10 centimetres of glass bar top, such leech The cultivation cylinder body depth of water has 25 centimetres, and the needs of leech growth can be met completely.
Leech spawning and hatching case:The size that inside plastic fruit basket or wood chip are conventionally carried is principle, April When leech lays eggs, laying anti-escape network in bottom puts afterwards fertile soil, plantation is thrown in by drenching after soil and is entered, as long as Soil water humidity 35% is kept, moving into can natural spawning hatching in the environment of 15-22 degree.
Pond pre-treatment:The pond carries out shining the pool and disinfects.It is described disinfect during use disappear Malicious water is limewash or bleaching powder.Plantation pasture and water:The pond (A is not planted on the pool) is planted into pasture and water, the coverage rate of pasture and water is formed Product is the 40-55% of whole pond area, and L pools cultivated area should reach more than 80%.
Throw in kind of a spiral shell:Before kind of spiral shell is thrown in, the sterilization processing of kind of spiral shell need to be carried out, sterilization processing is concretely comprised the following steps kind of a spiral shell Weight concentration is that 5% saline solution cleans 20 minutes.Primary vaccination is screwed into G ponds within 2 months, and the kind spiral shell point pond point that will be survived is started by the end of February Do not enter H, I pond, and the dead kind spiral shell in G ponds is chosen, stop kind of a spiral shell, the overhead roof insulating of J, K pool mouth plastic covering.Ensure that room temperature exists 20 degree or so, when March kind spiral shell is laid eggs, remove spiral shell ovum and start to hatch young spiral shell, April in the glass cylinder body of hirudiniculture Spiral shell ovum out moves into J, K pool.It is also to give supplementary spiral shell when spiral shell is not enough in culturing jar, so can endlessly supplements New living body bait.
Young leech is thrown in:Hatch and after young leech, leech to be moved into and is direct plungeed in glass jar body after breeding environment.If gone out Existing children leech hatching is skimble-scamble, it should which young leech is put into into the cylinder body without bait, the young leech for coming is hatched with the later stage and is fed in the lump, Observation more directly perceived will be so easy to and leech is managed.
Throw in young leech final-period management:Because early stage bait is sufficient in cylinder body, leech can freely take food.Now need out Open that water pump is quantitative, timing controller, the water for ejecting in glass jar body is entered into B ponds front end, such water body is through B, C, D, E, F Water weeds purification in the pool can be used into leech again.A ponds water inlet should daily into the 10% of new water body, with waterproof Body is aging.If there is unnecessary water body, we can be directly discharged into breechblock and cultivate in each pond, finally will eject in spiral shell pond Water source enter L ponds, by the catharsis of pasture and water, so directly water circulation can be used.When pasture and water are unnecessary, When feed feeding snail.Leech in hirudiniculture cylinder body can directly observe each water according to the transparency of glass The growing state of leech, it is found that when bait is not enough, the spiral shell in E, F pool is pulled out to put in culturing jar body.Supported using temperature control Grow and do not exist seasonality, regionality, suitable family oriented is also suitable for factory's three-dimensional, more than this measure, labour is saved, man-hour is saved, Conveniently feed, arrest leech, through our checking, hirudiniculture is very successful.
Elaborate many details in order to fully understand the present invention in the above description.But above description is only Presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, the present invention can be implemented with being much different from alternate manner described here, therefore this Invention is not embodied as being limited by disclosed above.Simultaneously any those skilled in the art are without departing from the technology of the present invention In the case of aspects, all make many possible to technical solution of the present invention using the methods and techniques content of the disclosure above Change and modify, or the Equivalent embodiments for being revised as equivalent variations.Every content without departing from technical solution of the present invention, according to this The technical spirit of invention still falls within skill of the present invention to any simple modification made for any of the above embodiments, equivalent variations and modification In the range of the protection of art scheme.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of leech courtyard-style stereoscopic cultivation method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
S100:Prepare pond:Build multiple solarization pools and bait culture pond, the independent Inlet and outlet water of each pool mouth is diagonally connected using pipeline It is logical, shine and cultivate in pool pasture and water;
S200:Water filling, to pool is shone free of contamination water body is injected, and pasture and water are planted in the nutritive cube;
S300:Hirudiniculture pond is built, the hirudiniculture pond includes being set in multiple glass cylinder bodies (1), the glass cylinder body (1) It is equipped with divided glass lacing film (7);
S400:Spawning and hatching, the fertile soil of aqueous 30--35% is put in spawning pond, and depth is deep at 20--35 centimetre, then Leech to be produced is put into into spawning pond spawning;
S500:Breeding bait, live body spiral shell is put in the bait culture pond and concentrates feeding, and pieces of an egg are put into into institute after its spawning State in glass cylinder body (1);
S600:Young leech seedling is thrown in, the Whitmania pigra Whitman spawns after hatching are taken out from the fertile soil, soaked, leech seedling is put Enter in the glass cylinder body (1);
S700:Daily aquaculture management, maintains the temperature of breeding environment in 20-25 degree, draws water from the solarization pool enter institute daily Stating glass cylinder body (1) carries out changing water;The water discharged from glass cylinder body (1) is purified into sunning water pool.
2. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step S100 includes:Solarization pool bottom Nontoxic film is laid, sunning water pool pool bottom is placed with nutritive cube, and 3--10 centimetre of soil, the nutrition are put in nutritive cube Plantation pasture and water in alms bowl.
3. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step S200 includes:It is pollution-free using underground Water body, inject the solarization pool within 1-3 month before hirudiniculture, total height 60%-80% of water body to pond, pasture and water area is accounted for Whole water body 50%-70%.
4. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that multilayer cultivation glass jar is placed on support (2) Body (1), go up greatly under glass cylinder body (1) it is little progressively reduce, with layer glass cylinder body (1) intermediate conduit be connected, on glass cylinder body (1) Portion edge is wrapped up with sponge, the glass lacing film (7) at intervals of 5-7 centimetre, the total height about 20--30 of glass lacing film (7) Centimetre, apart from 15-25 centimetre of glass cylinder body (1) bottom, glass lacing film (7) surfaces 10-20 centimetre.
5. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that one end of glass cylinder body (1) is provided with inlet channel (3), multiple tracks glass partition (4) is provided with inlet channel (3), the height of glass partition (4) is reduced successively, by glass partition (4) current into glass cylinder body (1) are caused to form waterfall shape;Or step S300 includes:According to every cubic metre of 150- 200 milliliters are poured into light-coloured vinegar into the glass cylinder body (1), are added water, and sterilization immersion is drained after 5-10 days, standby.
6. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step S400 includes:Leech spawning temperature control Between 18--25 degree, leech enters after fertile soil and passes through watering can vaporific surface moisturizing system.
7. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step S600 includes:Its ovum cocoon is concentrated on In container, gradually soak ovum cocoon 10-20 centimetre, leech gradually from cocoon out, surface, plastic foil is sprinkled upon into water Face, young leech assembles on the plastic film, puts it into afterwards in glass cylinder body (1).
8. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step S700 includes:The quantity of exchanged water is every The half of the cultivation water of its interior the superiors of the glass cylinder body (1) of pouring off.
9. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step S700 includes:According to the young leech of cultivation 20-50 times of quantity feeds spiral shell ovum.
10. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that throw in kind of a spiral shell to the bait culture pond, throws in Before planting spiral shell, the saline solution that kind of spiral shell weight concentration is 5%-8% is cleaned into 10-20 minutes.
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