CN101803588B - Method for breeding encarsia formosa all year round - Google Patents

Method for breeding encarsia formosa all year round Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101803588B
CN101803588B CN2010101373078A CN201010137307A CN101803588B CN 101803588 B CN101803588 B CN 101803588B CN 2010101373078 A CN2010101373078 A CN 2010101373078A CN 201010137307 A CN201010137307 A CN 201010137307A CN 101803588 B CN101803588 B CN 101803588B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
anniversary
encarsia formosa
breeding
greenhouse
workshop
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN2010101373078A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101803588A (en
Inventor
郑礼
王玉波
郑书宏
刘冬
何晓庆
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Dry Land Farming Institute of Hebei Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences
Original Assignee
TIANYI BIOLOGIC PREVENTION CO Ltd HENGSHUI
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TIANYI BIOLOGIC PREVENTION CO Ltd HENGSHUI filed Critical TIANYI BIOLOGIC PREVENTION CO Ltd HENGSHUI
Priority to CN2010101373078A priority Critical patent/CN101803588B/en
Publication of CN101803588A publication Critical patent/CN101803588A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101803588B publication Critical patent/CN101803588B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for breeding encarsia formosa all the year round, which includes greenhouse construction, production material selection, year-round clean tobacco seedling cultivation, year-round greenhouse whitefly breeding and year-round encarsia formosa breeding. The invention solves the problem that insects in different subareas get into one another's subareas to interfere, thus greatly reducing energy consumption; the uniformity and production efficiency of encarsia formosa products are increased; tobacco seedlings can be cultivated weekly, greenhouse whiteflies and encarsia formosa can be bred daily, and year-round continuous breeding is realized.

Description

A kind of method of anniversary breeding Encarsia formosa
Technical field
The present invention relates to useful insect batch production and produce and pest biological control technical field, particularly a kind of method of anniversary breeding Encarsia formosa.
Background technology
Encarsia formosa is the obligatory parasitism natural enemy of Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood, is widely used in facility for prevention and control vegetable greenhouse trialeurodes vaporariorum and Bemisia tabaci.Along with developing rapidly of facilities vegetable, Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood and Bemisia tabaci take place and cause harm to increase the weight of year by year, preventing and controlling are difficulty further, at first be that insect generation overlap, body are caused control difficult by features such as wax powder, next is that pest resistance to insecticide and transmitted virus increase difficulty of prevention and cure, is new demands such as the living standards of the people raising is green, healthy, nontoxic, pollution-free to its means of prevention and standard proposition, ecological safety at last.Green prevention and control technology based on Encarsia formosa control aleyrodid insect technology has been subjected to the great attention of all circles.In production application, at different facility types, different cultivation season, require to supply with all the year round the Encarsia formosa product, and the anti-storage time of Encarsia formosa pupa is shorter, only can short-term deposit 15~20 days, occurred breeding untimely, can not continue problem such as supply, have only and realize that the high efficiency anniversary breeds and could solve this type of problem.
Existing Encarsia formosa artificial propagation production method (patent No. 200510002746.7) adopts tomato, wild cabbage or cucumber breeding Bemisia tabaci or Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood, again with Bemisia tabaci or Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood breeding Encarsia formosa.The propagation method of providing a kind of and selected kind of a honeybee, cultivate tomato seedling, cage being inoculated aleyrodid, inoculation 24~48h, dichlorvos is fumigated 10~12h, inoculate the beneficial evil ratio 1: 20~30 of Encarsia formosa, connect the propagation method of 8~9 days honeybee time, but do not relate to aspects such as the construction of workshop, greenhouse, the selection of production material, cleaning seedling anniversary cultivation, the breeding of host insect anniversary, the breeding of natural enemy insect anniversary.The present invention is directed to above problem, a kind of low energy consumption, breeding of high efficiency anniversary Encarsia formosa method are provided.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to solve the Encarsia formosa product can not supply with problem all the year round, and a kind of method of full automatic control glass greenhouse anniversary cultivating host plant, breeding host insect and natural enemy insect of utilizing is provided, and realizes low energy consumption, high efficiency, output all the year round.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of method of anniversary breeding Encarsia formosa, and comprise and build automatic control glass greenhouse workshop, selection production material, anniversary cultivation cleaning cigarette seedling, anniversary plant propagation greenhouse trialeurodes vaporariorum, anniversary breeding Encarsia formosa, may further comprise the steps:
(1) builds full automatic control glass greenhouse workshop, cleaning seedling district and host insect district intersection, host insect district and natural enemy insect district intersection in corridor, workshop, greenhouse increase glass partition and air curtain, cascade heat sink and 80 order fly nets are installed in the both sides, corridor, configuration ventilation, cooling, intensification equipment.Workshop sealing and isolation are tight, and each subregion slit is less than 0.2mm; 20~32 ℃ of temperature, humidity 70~85%, illumination abundance; Adopt " cascade+blower fan " cooling, substitute the large-size air conditioning running.
(2) select to produce material: selection is suitable for the greenhouse climate growth, aleyrodid is got the tobacco bred of food and chalcid fly breeding, potting soil is the special-purpose peat 60% of flowers, vermiculite 20%, perlite 20%, and fertilizer is the coated with resin spacetabs type composite fertilizer of nitrogenous, phosphorus, potassium and the nutrient solution that contains trace element.Tobacco seedling growth is fast, leaf area is big, carry worm measures many; The short seedling of nutrition soil is fast, the time short, and salt marsh is low, can reuse.
(3) anniversary potted plant cultivation cleaning cigarette seedling: 1 week sowing is 1 time at interval, and little cross is transplanted into small size nutritive cube during the phase (5 * 5cm), grand cross is transplanted into the medium size nutritive cube and (is transplanted into large size nutritive cube (26 * 21cm) during 16 * 14cm), 5 true leaves during the phase.Transplant the promotion root system for 3 times and evenly distribute in the soil of limiting the quantity of, fully absorb nutrient, tobacco seedling growth speed is fast, and big or small basin engages raising greenhouse availability.
(4) anniversary plant propagation greenhouse trialeurodes vaporariorum: move into fresh cigarette seedling between the aleyrodid seed receiving vehicle every day, 2~4/cm of inoculation Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood adult 2, expel adult with hair-dryer after 24 hours, and plant moved to the growth workshop; Growing the workshop, discharging is treated nymphal development to 3 during age according to the order of sequence, and a part is used to inoculate chalcid fly, another part is used for aleyrodid worm amount and replenishes.
(5) anniversary breeding Encarsia formosa: every day, the plant with nymphal development to 3 age moved into, and than the inoculation chalcid fly, with hair-dryer expelled into honeybee after 24 hours by certain beneficial evil, and moved into the growth workshop; When treating by the aleyrodid nymphal development of parasitism to pupa time (black pupa), the record from date of pupating washed away blade with pressure (hydraulic) water after 4 days, and bee pupa and aleyrodid pupa are collected, and promptly get the Encarsia formosa pupa after separating for several times, placed 11 ℃ of insulating boxs preservations or made the honeybee card; Connect the new honeybee in honeybee workshop and replenish, avoid new honeybee to replenish not to be subjected to the weather factor affecting for satisfying, put into an amount of bee pupa at 25 ℃ of insulating boxs and heat every day.
Above-mentioned be used for anniversary plant propagation greenhouse trialeurodes vaporariorum 3 age nymph plant quantity account for 1/6, the plant quantity of inoculation chalcid fly accounts for 5/6.
Above-mentioned inoculation Encarsia formosa benefit evil is than being 1: 10, connects the new honeybee in honeybee workshop and replenishes 25 ℃ of insulating boxs of employing bee pupa of heating every day.
Advantage of the present invention is:
The greenhouse and the appointed condition of (1) clear and definite breeding Encarsia formosa have realized that the workshop, greenhouse is airtight, it is strict to isolate, and its cascade and blower fan make up alternative air-conditioning temperature-reducing, a large amount of energy savings.
(2) selected production material tobacco leaf area big, raise Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood and Encarsia formosa efficient height, be beneficial to mechanization and collect bee pupa, adopt potting soil and nutrient solution to cultivate the cigarette seedling, fast growth, production efficiency height, and nutrition soil can repeatedly reuse, production cost is lower.
(3) the control aleyrodid lays eggs and the parasitic 24 hours time of Encarsia formosa, and 1/6 aleyrodid nymph is used for numerous kind, 5/6 nymph and is used for numerous honeybee, has improved product regularity and chalcid fly production efficiency.
(4) cultivating with " week " because of the cigarette seedling is that unit cycling, Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood breeding and Encarsia formosa breeding are the unit cycling with " day ", and the anniversary of having realized breeds continuously.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:
With in March, 2008 to 2010 year Encarsia formosa anniversary in the March breeding of Hengshui City field benefit biological and ecological methods to prevent plant disease, pests, and erosion Co., Ltd is that embodiment further specifies:
1, workshop, greenhouse: the cleaning seedling is cultivated 480 square metres in district, 720 square metres of aleyrodid multiplication plots, and 400 square metres of Encarsia formosa multiplication plots amount to 1600 square metres.Cleaning seedling district and aleyrodid multiplication plot intersection, aleyrodid multiplication plot and Encarsia formosa multiplication plot intersection in the corridor increase glass partition and air curtain, and cascade heat sink and 80 order fly nets are installed in the both sides, corridor, configuration ventilation, cooling, intensification equipment.Workshop sealing and isolation are tight, and each subregion slit is less than 0.2mm; 20~32 ℃ of temperature, humidity 70~85%, illumination abundance; Adopt " cascade+blower fan " cooling, substitute the large-size air conditioning running.
2, select to produce material: tobacco bred is a Hengshui farmers' kind, and potting soil is the special-purpose peat 60% of flowers, vermiculite 20%, perlite 20%, and fertilizer is the coated with resin spacetabs type composite fertilizer of nitrogenous, phosphorus, potassium and contains micro-nutrient solution.
3, anniversary potted plant cultivation cleaning cigarette seedling: 1 week sowing is 1 time at interval, sows 180 seedlings of the 3 every dishes of dish at every turn; With little cross phase cigarette seedling, be transplanted into small size 5 * 5cm nutritive cube, 450 of total amounts weekly; The healthy and strong grand cross phase cigarette seedling of picking every day is transplanted into medium size 16 * 14cm nutritive cube, 50 of total amounts; 5 true leaf cigarettes of picking every day seedling is transplanted into large size 26 * 21cm nutritive cube, 40 of total amounts.
4, anniversary plant propagation greenhouse trialeurodes vaporariorum: 30 of the healthy and strong cleaning of picking every day cigarette seedlings, the back of pinching moves between the aleyrodid seed receiving vehicle, 2~4/cm of inoculation Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood adult 2, expel adult with hair-dryer after 24 hours, move to aleyrodid nymphal development workshop, discharging according to the order of sequence, and fetch the plant in 5 aleyrodid nymphal development to 3 ages and be used to breed aleyrodid, 25 are used to connect honeybee in addition.
5, anniversary breeding Encarsia formosa: move into every day 3 age 25 of nymph plant, inoculation Encarsia formosa benefit evil was expelled into honeybee with hair-dryer after 1: 10,24 hours, move to chalcid fly and grow the workshop; When treating by the aleyrodid nymphal development of parasitism (black pupa) to pupa time, write down the from date of pupating, wash away blade with pressure (hydraulic) water after 4 days, bee pupa and aleyrodid pupa are collected, after separating for several times, promptly get 500,000/day of Encarsia formosa pupas, place 11 ℃ of insulating boxs to preserve or make the honeybee card; Be used to connect honeybee workshop new honeybee and replenish at 25 ℃ of insulating boxs, 30,000 bee pupas of heating every day.

Claims (3)

1. the method for an anniversary breeding Encarsia formosa comprises and builds automatic control glass greenhouse workshop, selection production material, anniversary cultivation cleaning cigarette seedling, anniversary plant propagation greenhouse trialeurodes vaporariorum, anniversary breeding Encarsia formosa, it is characterized in that:
(1) build automatic control glass greenhouse workshop: cleaning seedling district and host insect district intersection, host insect district and natural enemy insect district intersection in corridor, workshop, greenhouse increase glass partition and air curtain, and cascade heat sink and 80 order fly nets are installed in the both sides, corridor;
(2) select to produce material: select to be suitable for the tobacco bred of greenhouse climate growth, host insect and natural enemy insect breeding as producing material, potting soil is the special-purpose peat 60% of flowers, vermiculite 20%, perlite 20%, and fertilizer is the coated with resin spacetabs type composite fertilizer of nitrogenous, phosphorus, potassium and the nutrient solution that contains trace element;
(3) anniversary potted plant cultivation cleaning cigarette seedling: 1 week sowing is 1 time at interval, and little cross is transplanted into small size 5 * 5cm nutritive cube during the phase, and grand cross is transplanted into medium size 16 * 14cm nutritive cube during the phase, be transplanted into large size 26 * 21cm nutritive cube during 5 true leaves;
(4) anniversary plant propagation greenhouse trialeurodes vaporariorum: move into fresh cigarette seedling between the aleyrodid seed receiving vehicle every day, 2~4/cm of inoculation Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood adult 2, the cigarette seedling adult that hair-dryer expulsion has been laid eggs 24 hours moves to aleyrodid nymphal development workshop and grows, nymph during 3 ages part plant be used to inoculate chalcid fly, another part plant is used to breed aleyrodid;
(5) anniversary breeding Encarsia formosa: move into every day 3 age the nymph plant, the inoculation Encarsia formosa is after 24 hours, expel into honeybee with hair-dryer, move to chalcid fly and grow the workshop and grow, collect bee pupa when being become black pupa by parasitic aleyrodid nymph, be product, place 11 ℃ of insulating boxs to preserve.
2. the method for a kind of anniversary breeding Encarsia formosa according to claim 1, it is characterized in that being used for anniversary plant propagation greenhouse trialeurodes vaporariorum 3 age nymph plant quantity account for 1/6, the plant quantity of inoculation chalcid fly accounts for 5/6.
3. the method for a kind of anniversary breeding Encarsia formosa according to claim 1 is characterized in that inoculating Encarsia formosa benefit evil than being 1: 10, connects the new honeybee in honeybee workshop and replenishes 25 ℃ of insulating boxs of employing bee pupa of heating every day.
CN2010101373078A 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 Method for breeding encarsia formosa all year round Active CN101803588B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101373078A CN101803588B (en) 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 Method for breeding encarsia formosa all year round

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101373078A CN101803588B (en) 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 Method for breeding encarsia formosa all year round

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101803588A CN101803588A (en) 2010-08-18
CN101803588B true CN101803588B (en) 2011-11-23

Family

ID=42605676

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010101373078A Active CN101803588B (en) 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 Method for breeding encarsia formosa all year round

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101803588B (en)

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102273432B (en) * 2011-06-26 2012-12-26 西北农林科技大学 Method for producing drone of light yellow encarsia amicula by taking encarsia formosa gahan as breeding host
CN104604809A (en) * 2014-06-07 2015-05-13 云南省农业科学院农业环境资源研究所 Biological control method using encarsia formosa for controlling tobacco whitefly
CN105340836A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-02-24 山东省农业科学院植物保护研究所 Method for improving factory propagation efficiency of encarsia formosa
CN106857409A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-06-20 张家港市永联菜篮农业专业合作社 The lasting diffusion propagating system of Encarsia formosa
CN107079884A (en) * 2017-05-03 2017-08-22 武汉超拓生态农业有限公司 The cultivation apparatus and its worm's ovum of a kind of speck stratiomyiid trap device
CN112655653A (en) * 2020-12-22 2021-04-16 北京禾木生防科技有限公司 Intelligent encarsia formosa collecting device

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1631125A (en) * 2005-01-26 2005-06-29 北京市农林科学院 Artificial progagation method for Encarsia formosa
CN1211010C (en) * 2003-09-28 2005-07-20 衡水田益生防有限责任公司 Process for industrial production for eretmocerus SP.

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1211010C (en) * 2003-09-28 2005-07-20 衡水田益生防有限责任公司 Process for industrial production for eretmocerus SP.
CN1631125A (en) * 2005-01-26 2005-06-29 北京市农林科学院 Artificial progagation method for Encarsia formosa

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
徐维红等.不同寄主植物对丽芽小蜂寄生、发育、存活和增殖的影响.《山东农业科学》.2007,(第6期),73-75. *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101803588A (en) 2010-08-18

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102823406B (en) Year-round industrial rapid production method of organic little cabbage based on solar greenhouses
CN103385220B (en) Scale breeding method for encarsia formosa
CN102172231B (en) Method for overwintering species conservation propagation of myzus persicae
CN100546459C (en) Utilize the method for greenhouse by solar heat plantation forage grass
CN104585135A (en) Overwintering breeding method for aphidiusgifuensis in northern area
CN105684738A (en) Sunlight greenhouse tomato culture method
CN111248079B (en) Staged hydroponic pasture cultivation device and cultivation method
CN101796940A (en) Super flour weevil culture technology
CN101803588B (en) Method for breeding encarsia formosa all year round
CN103988762B (en) A kind of water planting transplanting method of Tissue-cultured apple seedling
CN104186155A (en) Intensified integrated solar greenhouse environmental-friendly efficient cultivation method for autumn cucumbers grown in winter and spring
CN103535328B (en) Method for industrially breeding phyoseiulus persimilis
CN106577410A (en) Courtyard stereoscopic breeding method for leeches
CN102960223B (en) Method for simply, easily and quickly cultivating tobacco seedlings
CN105123479A (en) Water culture transplanting method for cherry tissue culture seedlings
CN106900656A (en) A kind of cigarette fleahopper industrial production method
CN106689069A (en) Large-scale feeding and storage method of aphids and predators of aphids
CN104429499B (en) A kind of method of horse mound kind of watermelon industrial seedling rearing
CN108207601A (en) Aeroponics breed potato primary stock High efficiency and high quality cultivation method
CN101803587B (en) Scale artificial breeding method for Kallima inachus in northern area
CN104770173A (en) High-efficiency seedling cultivation method for promoting premature tillering of sugarcane tissue cultured seedlings
CN104429853A (en) Seed potato production method
CN104756955B (en) Aphidius gifuensis are with numerous method together with Encarsia formosa
CN112385608A (en) Breeding method of lugworm
CN108157041B (en) Seedling culture domestication method for dormant plants

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: DRY FARMING AGRICULTURE INST., HEBEI PROV. ACADEMY

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: TIANYI BIOLOGIC PREVENTION CO LTD, HENGSHUI

Effective date: 20140919

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20140919

Address after: Hengshui City, Hebei province Shengli road 053000 Taocheng District No. 1966

Patentee after: Dry-Land Farming Institute of Hebei Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences

Address before: Rainbow Street Hengshui city Hebei province 053000 Tian Yisheng Taocheng District company

Patentee before: Tianyi Biologic Prevention Co., Ltd., Hengshui

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20100818

Assignee: Hengshui bee Biotechnology Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Dry-Land Farming Institute of Hebei Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences

Contract record no.: 2015130000117

Denomination of invention: Method for breeding encarsia formosa all year round

Granted publication date: 20111123

License type: Exclusive License

Record date: 20150730

LICC Enforcement, change and cancellation of record of contracts on the licence for exploitation of a patent or utility model