CN105309355A - Novel ecological breeding method for trionyx sinensis - Google Patents

Novel ecological breeding method for trionyx sinensis Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105309355A
CN105309355A CN201510820594.5A CN201510820594A CN105309355A CN 105309355 A CN105309355 A CN 105309355A CN 201510820594 A CN201510820594 A CN 201510820594A CN 105309355 A CN105309355 A CN 105309355A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shelled turtle
trionyx sinensis
pond
cultural method
soft
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
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CN201510820594.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈建明
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Suzhou Yangcheng Lake Modern Agriculture Industrial Park Special Aquaculture Co Ltd
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Suzhou Yangcheng Lake Modern Agriculture Industrial Park Special Aquaculture Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510820594.5A priority Critical patent/CN105309355A/en
Publication of CN105309355A publication Critical patent/CN105309355A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention provides a novel ecological breeding method for trionyx sinensis. The breeding method comprises the following steps that 1, micropore oxygen supplying equipment is installed in a pond; 2, the pond is disinfected; 3, grass is planted, and conches are put into the pond; 4, young trionyx sinensis is put into the pond; 5, feed is put into the pond; 6, diseases are prevented and controlled; 7, the water quality is improved. According to the novel ecological breeding method for the trionyx sinensis, the pond breeding environment is improved through micropore oxygen supplying and a biotechnology, not only is the incidence of the trionyx sinensis greatly decreased, but also the growing quality of the trionyx sinensis is significantly improved, and the trionyx sinensis breeding benefit is significantly increased.

Description

A kind of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis novel ecological cultural method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of aquaculture method, particularly relate to a kind of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis novel ecological cultural method, belong to technical field of aquaculture.
Background technology
Aquatic products are important sources of mankind's high-quality protein, and it is rich in high-quality protein, amino acid, vitamin and mineral matter etc., and quantity and ratio meet human body needs, particularly containing the larger leucine of human body requirements amount and lysine.Along with the raising of people's income level, increasing people starts using the primary need of trophism demand as food consumption, and the consumption proportion of aquatic products presents the trend risen year by year.Present stage, the aquatic products kind that China carries out large-scale cultivation has reached kind more than 50, and the development such as industrial aquaculture, deep-water net cage culture, ecologic breeding rapidly.Aquaculture had become one of the important component part of China's agricultural and the main growth factor of Rural Areas at Present economy already.
Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis is commonly called as soft-shelled turtle, has larger edibility and medical value, and in aquaculture field, the pond of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis is propagated artificially widely.At present, tradition turtle's pond dissolved oxygen amount vary within wide limits, in Chi Shui, the change of physical and chemical factor is fast, the pond ecological self-purification ability of enviroment is poor, often cause water quality deterioration, cause Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis resistance against diseases to decline, bring out the breeding of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis pathogenic bacteria simultaneously and spread, cause Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis even disease of falling ill to die, this badly influences the culture benefit of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis.
Summary of the invention
For the demand, the invention provides a kind of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis novel ecological cultural method, this cultural method by utilizing micro-pore oxygenation, biotechnology improves pond culture environment, not only greatly reduce the incidence of disease of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, and significantly improve the growth quality of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, significantly add foster soft-shelled turtle income.
The present invention is a kind of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis novel ecological cultural method, and described cultural method comprises the steps: that a) micro-pore oxygenation equipment is installed in pond, b) pond disinfection, c) plant grass and throw spiral shell, d) soft-shelled turtle kind is thrown in, e) feedstuff feeding, f) disease control, g) water quality improvement.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step a), micro-pore oxygenation equipment comprises 1 5.5kW Roots blower, 1 road PVC supervisor, 4 road PVC arms and internal diameter 1.5cm flexible pipe.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step b), pond disinfection comprises the steps: 1) drain pond desurfacing mud and tan by the sun; 2) by 80kg/667m 2consumption is by full pool spilling head after water-soluble for quicklimeization solution.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step c), plant grass and throw spiral shell and comprise the steps: 1) by water lettuce and spiral shell through 20mg/L disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate; 2) pour water after 30cm and plant water lettuce by coverage rate 10% kind in pond; 3) by 100kg/667m 2density throws in fresh and alive spiral shell.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step d), soft-shelled turtle kind is thrown in and is comprised the steps: 1) put front 20mg/L liquor potassic permanganate immersion soft-shelled turtle kind 10min in a suitable place to breed; 2) select put soft-shelled turtle kind in a suitable place to breed mid-April, breeding density is 1800/667m 2.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step e), feedstuff feeding comprises the steps: 1) soft-shelled turtle kind enters pond and to throw something and feed after 3 days fresh fish processing fent, throw something and feed continuously once a day 5 days; The Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis artifical compound feed of 2) Channel-catfish fish processing fent mixing 10% ~ 80% is thrown something and fed, once a day until by the end of September; 3) fresh fish processing fent fish of throwing something and feeding is rotten, sooner or later respectively throws something and feeds 1 time until by the end of October.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step f), disease control comprises the steps: 1) sterilize with chlorine dioxide, povidone iodine full pool spilling head in soft-shelled turtle pond every 20d; 2) in feed, add the yellow and Radix Isatidis of Chinese herbal medicine three every 30d, probiotic, immune polysaccharide preparation throw something and feed.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step g), water quality improvement comprises the steps: 1) monthly by 10g/m 3consumption executes quicklime 1 time; 2) regular full pool spilling head EM bacteria microorganism preparation.
Present invention is disclosed a kind of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis novel ecological cultural method, this cultural method by utilizing micro-pore oxygenation, biotechnology improves pond culture environment, not only greatly reduce the incidence of disease of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, and significantly improve the growth quality of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, significantly add foster soft-shelled turtle income.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is further detailed explanation:
Fig. 1 is the process figure of embodiment of the present invention Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis novel ecological cultural method.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, can be easier to make advantages and features of the invention be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, thus more explicit defining is made to protection scope of the present invention.
Fig. 1 is the process figure of embodiment of the present invention Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis novel ecological cultural method; This cultural method comprises the steps: that a) micro-pore oxygenation equipment is installed in pond, b) pond disinfection, and c) plant grass and throw spiral shell, d) soft-shelled turtle kind is thrown in, e) feedstuff feeding, f) disease control, g) water quality improvement.
The Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis novel ecological cultural method that the present invention mentions by installing micro-pore oxygenation equipment in traditional turtle's pond, plant pasture and water, throw something and feed spiral shell alive and fresh fish bait, science management, achieve higher foster soft-shelled turtle benefit.Wherein, micro-pore oxygenation supports soft-shelled turtle can improve turtle's pond water body environment, improves the pond ecological self-purification ability of enviroment, improves Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis immunocompetence, reduces the incidence of disease, reduces Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis morbidity dead.Plantation pasture and water can be soft-shelled turtle and provide habitat in soft-shelled turtle pond, purify water, and especially to shelter from heat or light season cooling at summer high temperature, while can clean soft-shelled turtle body.Throw something and feed spiral shell alive and fresh fish bait, can make Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis bright, thick, the wide reality in shirt rim, fat yellow inside four limbs, meat taste is good, thus increases the price of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis.
Embodiment
Concrete cultural method is as follows:
A) micro-pore oxygenation equipment is installed in pond, micro-pore oxygenation equipment comprises 1 5.5kW Roots blower, 1 road PVC supervisor, 4 road PVC arms and internal diameter 1.5cm flexible pipe, wherein, four road PVC arm connecting hoses are laid at the bottom of pond, and 1 road PVC supervisor is laid at the bottom of feeding platform pond, pond.Adopt micro-pore oxygenation can improve turtle's pond water body environment, accelerate the decomposition of pond bottom organic matter, thus improve the pond ecological self-purification ability of enviroment, promote Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis growth, reduce the incidence of disease of soft-shelled turtle.
B) pond disinfection, first drains pond, then removes top layer mud at the bottom of pond, then tans by the sun 12d; Press 80kg/667m afterwards 2consumption is by full pool spilling head after water-soluble for quicklimeization solution.
C) plant grass and throw spiral shell, first by water lettuce and spiral shell through 20mg/L disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate; Then pour water to pond 30cm, and side, pond FX plantation water lettuce, its coverage rate accounts for 10% of the full pond gross area; Press 100kg/667m subsequently 2density throws in fresh and alive spiral shell, allows it purify water, and breeds the natural bait of young spiral shell as Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis simultaneously.
D) soft-shelled turtle kind is thrown in, and selects in mid-April, weather is fine, puts soft-shelled turtle kind in a suitable place to breed under water temperature 22 DEG C of conditions.First soft-shelled turtle kind 10min is soaked with 20mg/L liquor potassic permanganate before putting in a suitable place to breed; Then by 1800/667m 2breeding density throws in soft-shelled turtle kind, and soft-shelled turtle kind specification is average every 327g.
E) feedstuff feeding, specifically the process of throwing something and feeding is: first enter pond in soft-shelled turtle kind and throw something and feed after 3 days and account for the fresh fish processing fent of soft-shelled turtle body weight 2%, prosubiculum material of throwing something and feeding first is cleaned, 10min is soaked again with 8% saline solution, then use clear water rinsing, throw on the food platform emerged, throw something and feed continuously once a day 5 days; Then Yong Channel-catfish fish processing fent, the Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis artifical compound feed of initial mixing 10% is thrown something and fed, and once a day, increase Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis artifical compound feed gradually, until Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis artifical compound feed accounts for 80%, Feeding time lasts till by the end of September later; Fresh fish processing fent fish of finally throwing something and feeding is rotten, sooner or later respectively throws something and feeds 1 time until by the end of October.
F) disease control, first sterilizes 1 time with chlorine dioxide, povidone iodine full pool spilling head in soft-shelled turtle pond every 20d; Then in feed, add the yellow and Radix Isatidis of Chinese herbal medicine three every 30d, probiotic, immune polysaccharide preparation throw something and feed, throw something and feed 3d continuously.
G) water quality improvement, first monthly presses 10g/m 3consumption executes quicklime 1 time; Then regular full pool spilling head EM bacteria microorganism preparation, wherein, within 6,10 2 months, monthly respectively execute 1 time, 7 ~ September monthly respectively executes 2 times, to reduce ammonia nitrogen in water, content of nitrite and other harmful substances, decomposes organic, improves water body self-purification ability.
Present invention is disclosed a kind of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis novel ecological cultural method, this cultural method by utilizing micro-pore oxygenation, biotechnology improves pond culture environment, not only greatly reduce the incidence of disease of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, and significantly improve the growth quality of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, significantly add foster soft-shelled turtle income.
The above; be only the specific embodiment of the present invention; but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto; any those of ordinary skill in the art are in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention; the change can expected without creative work or replacement, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, the protection domain that protection scope of the present invention should limit with claims is as the criterion.

Claims (8)

1. a Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis novel ecological cultural method, is characterized in that, described cultural method comprises the steps: that a) micro-pore oxygenation equipment is installed in pond, b) pond disinfection, c) plant grass and throw spiral shell, d) soft-shelled turtle kind is thrown in, e) feedstuff feeding, f) disease control, g) water quality improvement.
2. Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis novel ecological cultural method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step a), micro-pore oxygenation equipment comprises 1 5.5kW Roots blower, 1 road PVC supervisor, 4 road PVC arms and internal diameter 1.5cm flexible pipe.
3. Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis novel ecological cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step b), pond disinfection comprises the steps: 1) drain pond desurfacing mud and tan by the sun; 2) by 80kg/667m 2consumption is by full pool spilling head after water-soluble for quicklimeization solution.
4. Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis novel ecological cultural method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step c), plants grass and throws spiral shell and comprise the steps: 1) by water lettuce and spiral shell through 20mg/L disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate; 2) pour water after 30cm and plant water lettuce by coverage rate 10% kind in pond; 3) by 100kg/667m 2density throws in fresh and alive spiral shell.
5. Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis novel ecological cultural method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step d), soft-shelled turtle kind is thrown in and comprised the steps: 1) put front 20mg/L liquor potassic permanganate immersion soft-shelled turtle kind 10min in a suitable place to breed; 2) select put soft-shelled turtle kind in a suitable place to breed mid-April, breeding density is 1800/667m 2.
6. Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis novel ecological cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step e), feedstuff feeding comprises the steps: 1) soft-shelled turtle kind enters pond and to throw something and feed after 3 days fresh fish processing fent, throw something and feed continuously once a day 5 days; The Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis artifical compound feed of 2) Channel-catfish fish processing fent mixing 10% ~ 80% is thrown something and fed, once a day until by the end of September; 3) fresh fish processing fent fish of throwing something and feeding is rotten, sooner or later respectively throws something and feeds 1 time until by the end of October.
7. Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis novel ecological cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step f), disease control comprises the steps: 1) sterilize with chlorine dioxide, povidone iodine full pool spilling head in soft-shelled turtle pond every 20d; 2) in feed, add the yellow and Radix Isatidis of Chinese herbal medicine three every 30d, probiotic, immune polysaccharide preparation throw something and feed.
8. Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis novel ecological cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step g), water quality improvement comprises the steps: 1) monthly by 10g/m 3consumption executes quicklime 1 time; 2) regular full pool spilling head EM bacteria microorganism preparation.
CN201510820594.5A 2015-11-24 2015-11-24 Novel ecological breeding method for trionyx sinensis Pending CN105309355A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105850795A (en) * 2016-04-12 2016-08-17 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所 Intensive breeding method of Chinese soft-shell turtles
CN108419753A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-08-21 蚌埠市禹会区天河湖斯祥甲鱼养殖农民专业合作社 A kind of somatotrophic cultural method of raising soft-shelled turtle survival rate
CN108668994A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-10-19 蚌埠市禹会区天河湖斯祥甲鱼养殖农民专业合作社 A kind of somatotrophic cultural method of improvement soft-shelled turtle meat
CN110810331A (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-02-21 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 Ecological cycle breeding method of Chinese herbal turtles

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105850795A (en) * 2016-04-12 2016-08-17 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所 Intensive breeding method of Chinese soft-shell turtles
CN105850795B (en) * 2016-04-12 2018-07-31 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所 A kind of intensive culture method of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis
CN108419753A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-08-21 蚌埠市禹会区天河湖斯祥甲鱼养殖农民专业合作社 A kind of somatotrophic cultural method of raising soft-shelled turtle survival rate
CN108668994A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-10-19 蚌埠市禹会区天河湖斯祥甲鱼养殖农民专业合作社 A kind of somatotrophic cultural method of improvement soft-shelled turtle meat
CN110810331A (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-02-21 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 Ecological cycle breeding method of Chinese herbal turtles

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