CN105075871A - Fermentation bed making method for cattle - Google Patents

Fermentation bed making method for cattle Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105075871A
CN105075871A CN201510596688.9A CN201510596688A CN105075871A CN 105075871 A CN105075871 A CN 105075871A CN 201510596688 A CN201510596688 A CN 201510596688A CN 105075871 A CN105075871 A CN 105075871A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fermentation
fermentation bed
water
bed
rice
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510596688.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘文平
冀照明
Original Assignee
刘文平
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 刘文平 filed Critical 刘文平
Priority to CN201510596688.9A priority Critical patent/CN105075871A/en
Publication of CN105075871A publication Critical patent/CN105075871A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/015Floor coverings, e.g. bedding-down sheets ; Stable floors
    • A01K1/0152Litter
    • A01K1/0155Litter comprising organic material

Abstract

The invention discloses a fermentation bed making method for cattle and relates to a fermentation bed. The fermentation bed making method solves the problems that by means of an existing cattle breeding method, the environment is polluted seriously, the immunity of the cattle is low, and drug residues exist. The method includes the steps that 1, a fermentation bed culture faeces straw leavening agent is diluted with water to be evenly stirred, and culture diluent is obtained; 2, after fermentation raw materials are evenly mixed, culture diluent is added to be evenly stirred, and fermentation materials are obtained; 3, the fermentation materials are piled up for being covered by plastic cloth; after stack retting is conducted for 4 days to 6 days, the stacking temperature is controlled at the temperature of 60 DEG C to 70 DEG C, and fermentation pool padding is obtained; 4, the depth of a fermentation groove ranges from 80 cm to 100 cm, a heat preservation material with the thickness ranging from 2 cm to 4 cm is laid on the bottom layer, and then a mixture, with the thickness ranging from 25 cm to 35 cm, of stalk ranging from 3 cm to 8 cm in length and leaves is laid; the fermentation pool padding with the thickness ranging from 50 cm to 60 cm is laid, and the fermentation bed is obtained. The fermentation bed making method for cattle is low in cost, good in effect and capable of purifying the environment.

Description

A kind of preparation method of ox fermentation bed
Technical field
The present invention relates to fermentation bed, be specifically related to a kind of preparation method of ox fermentation bed.
Background technology
Fermentation bed utilizes brand-new natural agriculture theory, in conjunction with a kind of environmental protection, the safe and effective ecological method for breeding of the proposition of Modern microbiological fermentation process technology.Fermentation bed integrates catle sicence, alimentology, engine hygiene, biology, soil fertilizer science, follows low cost, a set of eucyclic ecologic breeding system that high production, free of contamination principle are set up.
When plant layout cowboying develops into certain phase, the fecaluria that ox produces can produce dense stink, easily in cowshed, produces fly maggot; not only environment can be affected; and the resistance of ox can be reduced, when after use drug disinfection, medicament residue can be caused in ox body.
The present invention have developed a kind of ox fermentation bed, cowboying method, with realize cowboying without discharge, pollution-free, without the problem of environmental pollution in foul smell, thorough solution scale vaccary.
Summary of the invention
The environmental pollution existed when the object of the invention is to solve existing cowboying is serious, having a low resistance of ox, the problem of medicament residue, and provides a kind of preparation method of ox fermentation bed.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A preparation method for ox fermentation bed, step is:
(1) will fermentation bed bacterial classificationight soil stover ferment agent dilute with water stirs, and soaks 2-24 hour activated spawn, strengthens bacterial activity, obtains bacterial classification dilution; Wherein the weight ratio of ight soil stover ferment agent and water is 0.2:60-70;
(2), after fermentation raw material being mixed, add bacterial classification dilution and stir, obtain fermentation material; Wherein the weight ratio of fermentation raw material and bacterial classification dilution is 100:60-70; Described fermentation raw material is saw dust, rice hulls powder, ight soil, rice bran, vinasse;
(3) fermentation material is piled the rectangle bank of high 0.5-0.7 rice, wide 1.5-2.5 rice, and in the punching ventilation of heap top, finally cover with Polypropylence Sheet, Polypropylence Sheet and ground, every 1 meter of pressure one weight, make not only to ventilate but also avoid being heaved in film, fermentation process will take off film ventilation turning, stack retting, after 4 ~ 6 days, controls heap temperature at 60 ~ 70 DEG C, obtains fermentation vat filler;
(4) the fermentation tank degree of depth is 80-100cm, and lay the thick insulation material of 2-4cm at bottom, then laying length is the stalk of 3-8cm and the mixture 25-35cm of leaf; Then lay the fermentation vat filler of 50-65cm, to obtain final product.
Further, the water described in step (1) be well water or river time, soak 2-12 hour, when described water is running water, soak 12-24 hour.
Described fermentation raw material is made up of each component of following mass parts: saw dust 30-50, rice hulls powder 20-40, ight soil 10-15, rice bran 3-5, vinasse 5-7.
Fermentation bed of the present invention utilizes ight soil stover ferment agent, and mixed straw, saw dust, powdered rice hulls and ight soil etc. carry out fermentable breeding formation microecological fermentation bed factory by a certain percentage, and in this, as the bedding and padding of cattle pen; The arch of recycling beef cattle turns over habit as machining, cow dung, urine and bedding and padding are fully mixed, by the decomposing and fermenting of fermentation bed, makes the organic substance in cow dung, urine be decomposed fully and transform, microorganism is with still indigested cow dung for bait, and breeding is grown; Along with cow dung urine process, stink also just without; And simultaneously a large amount of microorganisms of flourish provide inorganic matter nutrition and bacterium protein by cattle fooder to beef cattle, thus complement each other cowshed pad material fermentation bed developed into micro-ecological feed processing factory, reach odorless, tasteless, innoxious object, be a kind of pollution-free, without discharge, novel environment friendly ecology cowboying technology without foul smell, have cost low, feed consumption is few, operation letter, high efficiency, the advantage such as pollution-free.Fermentation bed is exactly to the original living environment of a livestock natural, ecological in breeding process, and the improvement living environment mainly comprised in fermentation bed process and nursing two aspects, wherein living environment builds fermentation bed exactly, and pure ecology is raised in nursing fermented forageand drinking-water improves, in these three, give the living environment of a natural, ecological in the inhabitation of livestock and nursing process.
Fermentation bed divides underground type fermentation bed and ground type fermentation bed two kinds, and underground type fermentation bed requires the following hole digging 80-100 centimetre earthward, then fermentation tank is put into hole, then is put into by livestock, just can lightheartedly grown; In the place that subterranean water level is high, can adopt ground type fermentation bed, ground type fermentation bed is fixed on the ground.
When using fermentation bed, General Requirements cowshed is east-west, seat Northern Dynasties south, and such colony house daylighting is good, is beneficial to fermentation; And north and south can be opened wide, be applicable to well-ventilated, not smelly do not have mosquitos and flies yet; If be built into that small investment, cost are low, instant effect, change the line of production green house aquaculture model fast, that is exactly not only save trouble but also save money.Because booth cost is low, and microclimate more easily regulates.Daylighting in winter is good, warming, and ox can safe overwintering; Summer, sunshading board put by ceiling, surrounding skirt film shaken, can ventilate, lower the temperature.
Specifically, cowshed is generally wide 4 ~ 6 meters, and long 8 ~ 20 meters, column is high 1.8 ~ 2 meters, rises about 3 meters; Seat Northern Dynasties south, insulation design will be carried out in roof, in order to Winter protection and summer heat insulation, roof is provided with can the window of freely openable, sunlight can irradiate whole ox bed surface one of accumulates score of three, and north and south wall can be established large window or use roller shutter, and is raised up to the sun from the sun and falls, the every nook and cranny of whole ox bed can be irradiated, can make the microorganism of cowshed inside can growth and breeding aptly like this.If use green house pattern, cowboying booth span is generally 4 ~ 5 meters, and length is 20 ~ 25 meters, and surrounding fence is high 1.0 ~ 1.2 meters, and supporting booth can use hollow brickbe built into Deng material, canopy is high general at 2.7 ~ 3.0 meters.Material can select the material such as reinforcing bar, cement, top covered with plastic film, woven cloth, straw screen or mat etc.Booth surrounding does not establish enclosure wall, and summer equals mat shelter, and putting down plastic film winter just becomes a warm circle, cool in summer and warm in winter, for ox provides a good growing environment.Each cattle pen will be windowed.Roof needs to arrange transparent bright watt, let in the sunlight, and this is to circle end microorganism fermentation bed bacterial classificationnutrition partner companion and the fermentation of ight soil stover ferment agent extremely important, bright watt number can to shine cattle pen with sunlight when east orientation moves westwards dynamic be all the best, accomplish sunny as far as possible.Roof now their family mainly be cement tile.
The raw material that the present invention makes fermentation bed is stalk, leaf weeds, rice hulls powder, saw dust, ight soil, the residual forage such as rice bran, vinasse.It is long that the stalk of general use, leaf weeds need be cut into 5 ~ 8cm in advance, is laid on above fermentation bed bottom layer heat insulation board, a main fluffy permeation functions, and make there is sufficient oxygen in bedding and padding, then lay fermentation material, the total moisture of fermentation material should control 60 ~ 70%., too high too low being all unfavorable for ferments, and water is very few, and fermentation is slow; Dilutional hyponatremia can cause ventilation poor, heat up slow and produce stink, whether suitable moisture is judges way: hand-tightly grab a material, and webs water breakthrough prints but do not drip, and lands and namely falls apart.
The present invention is by participating in bedding and padding and the effect of excrement of animals cooperative fermentation, the raw breeding waste such as excrement, urine of rapid conversion, eliminate stench, suppress insect, germ, simultaneously, bedding and padding, ight soil synthesis for the nutriment such as carbohydrate, protein, organic acid, vitamin of livestock edible, can be strengthened livestock resistance against diseases by beneficial microbe colony, promote animal health growth.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:
(1) cost is low: the object that can reach water-saving, saving of labor, material-saving, province's medicine, power saving:
(2) effective: and beef quality can be improved, reduce beef medicament residue, improve beef cattle resistance, deliver for sale in advance, improve meat feed ratio;
(3) environment purification: odorless, without fly maggot, non-environmental-pollution.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
A preparation method for ox fermentation bed, step is:
(1) will fermentation bed bacterial classificationthe dilution of ight soil stover ferment agent running water stirs, and soaks 24 hours activated spawn, strengthens bacterial activity, obtains bacterial classification dilution; Wherein the weight ratio of ight soil stover ferment agent and water is 0.2:60;
(2), after fermentation raw material being mixed, add bacterial classification dilution and stir, obtain fermentation material; Wherein the weight ratio of fermentation raw material and bacterial classification dilution is 100:70;
Described fermentation raw material is made up of each component of following mass parts: saw dust 30, rice hulls powder 40, ight soil 10, rice bran 5, vinasse 5;
(3) fermentation material is piled the rectangle bank of high 0.5-0.7 rice, wide 1.5-2.5 rice, and in the punching ventilation of heap top, finally cover with Polypropylence Sheet, Polypropylence Sheet and ground, every 1 meter of pressure one weight, make not only to ventilate but also avoid being heaved in film, fermentation process will take off film ventilation turning, stack retting, after 4 ~ 6 days, controls heap temperature at 60 ~ 70 DEG C, obtains fermentation vat filler;
(4) the fermentation tank degree of depth is 90cm, and lay the thick insulation material of 2cm at bottom, then laying length is the stalk of 3cm and the mixture 30cm of leaf; Then lay the fermentation vat filler of 50cm, to obtain final product.
Embodiment 2
A preparation method for ox fermentation bed, step is:
(1) will fermentation bed bacterial classificationthe dilution of ight soil stover ferment agent well water stirs, and soaks 12 hours activated spawn, strengthens bacterial activity, obtains bacterial classification dilution; Wherein the weight ratio of ight soil stover ferment agent and water is 0.2:65;
(2), after fermentation raw material being mixed, add bacterial classification dilution and stir, obtain fermentation material; Wherein the weight ratio of fermentation raw material and bacterial classification dilution is 100:60;
Each component of the following mass parts of described fermentation raw material: saw dust 50, rice hulls powder 20, ight soil 15, rice bran 3, vinasse 7;
(3) fermentation material is piled the rectangle bank of high 0.5-0.7 rice, wide 1.5-2.5 rice, and in the punching ventilation of heap top, finally cover with Polypropylence Sheet, Polypropylence Sheet and ground, every 1 meter of pressure one weight, make not only to ventilate but also avoid being heaved in film, fermentation process will take off film ventilation turning, stack retting, after 4 ~ 6 days, controls heap temperature at 60 ~ 70 DEG C, obtains fermentation vat filler;
(4) the fermentation tank degree of depth is 100cm, and lay the thick insulation material of 23cm at bottom, then laying length is the stalk of 8cm and the mixture 25cm of leaf; Then lay the fermentation vat filler of 65cm, to obtain final product.
Embodiment 3
A preparation method for ox fermentation bed, step is:
(1) will fermentation bed bacterial classificationthe dilution of ight soil stover ferment agent river stirs, and soaks 2 hours activated spawn, strengthens bacterial activity, obtains bacterial classification dilution; Wherein the weight ratio of ight soil stover ferment agent and water is 0.2:70;
(2), after fermentation raw material being mixed, add bacterial classification dilution and stir, obtain fermentation material; Wherein the weight ratio of fermentation raw material and bacterial classification dilution is 100:65;
Each component of the following mass parts of described fermentation raw material: saw dust 40, rice hulls powder 30, ight soil 10-15, rice bran 4, vinasse 6;
(3) fermentation material is piled the rectangle bank of high 0.5-0.7 rice, wide 1.5-2.5 rice, and in the punching ventilation of heap top, finally cover with Polypropylence Sheet, Polypropylence Sheet and ground, every 1 meter of pressure one weight, make not only to ventilate but also avoid being heaved in film, fermentation process will take off film ventilation turning, stack retting, after 4 ~ 6 days, controls heap temperature at 60 ~ 70 DEG C, obtains fermentation vat filler;
(4) the fermentation tank degree of depth is 80cm, and lay the thick insulation material of 4cm at bottom, then laying length is the stalk of 5cm and the mixture 35cm of leaf; Then lay the fermentation vat filler of 60cm, to obtain final product.

Claims (3)

1. a preparation method for ox fermentation bed, is characterized in that, step is:
(1) will fermentation bed bacterial classificationight soil stover ferment agent dilute with water stirs, and soaks 2-24 hour activated spawn, strengthens bacterial activity, obtains bacterial classification dilution; Wherein the weight ratio of ight soil stover ferment agent and water is 0.2:60-70;
(2), after fermentation raw material being mixed, add bacterial classification dilution and stir, obtain fermentation material; Wherein the weight ratio of fermentation raw material and bacterial classification dilution is 100:60-70; Described fermentation raw material is saw dust, rice hulls powder, ight soil, rice bran, vinasse;
(3) fermentation material is piled the rectangle bank of high 0.5-0.7 rice, wide 1.5-2.5 rice, and in the punching ventilation of heap top, finally cover with Polypropylence Sheet, Polypropylence Sheet and ground, every 1 meter of pressure one weight, make not only to ventilate but also avoid being heaved in film, fermentation process will take off film ventilation turning, stack retting, after 4 ~ 6 days, controls heap temperature at 60 ~ 70 DEG C, obtains fermentation vat filler;
(4) the fermentation tank degree of depth is 80-100cm, and lay the thick insulation material of 2-4cm at bottom, then laying length is the stalk of 3-8cm and the mixture 25-35cm of leaf; Then lay the fermentation vat filler of 50-65cm, to obtain final product.
2. the preparation method of a kind of ox fermentation bed according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the water described in step (1) be well water or river time, soak 2-12 hour, when described water is running water, soak 12-24 hour.
3. the preparation method of a kind of ox fermentation bed according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described fermentation raw material is made up of each component of following mass parts: saw dust 30-50, rice hulls powder 20-40, ight soil 10-15, rice bran 3-5, vinasse 5-7.
CN201510596688.9A 2015-09-18 2015-09-18 Fermentation bed making method for cattle Pending CN105075871A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510596688.9A CN105075871A (en) 2015-09-18 2015-09-18 Fermentation bed making method for cattle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510596688.9A CN105075871A (en) 2015-09-18 2015-09-18 Fermentation bed making method for cattle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105075871A true CN105075871A (en) 2015-11-25

Family

ID=54557945

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510596688.9A Pending CN105075871A (en) 2015-09-18 2015-09-18 Fermentation bed making method for cattle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105075871A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106070053A (en) * 2016-07-13 2016-11-09 重庆市斯格安畜牧养殖专业合作社 A kind of fermentation bed cowboying method
CN106172031A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-12-07 东莞市民益生物科技有限公司 A kind of half-fermented milch cow bed bedding and padding and its preparation method and application
CN106376473A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-08 南京国龙生物科技有限公司 Preparation method of economic environment-friendly biological fermenting bed suitable for breeding pigs
CN106376520A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-08 南丹县水产畜牧兽医局 Beef cattle breeding method
CN106689040A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-05-24 仁怀市泓熙养殖专业合作社 Ecological cattle raising method
CN109526762A (en) * 2019-01-18 2019-03-29 福建省农业科学院农业生态研究所 The cattle farm fermenting bed padding and preparation method thereof that after separating dry space from moist space prepared by cattle manure residue

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0473889A2 (en) * 1990-06-18 1992-03-11 Gnosis Srl A plant for the treatment of animal dejections
CN101565684A (en) * 2009-06-04 2009-10-28 千智伟 Method for making fermenting bed for ecological pig breeding by using composite strain culture
CN102224804A (en) * 2011-06-01 2011-10-26 丹阳市康乐农牧有限公司 Novel microbial fermentation bed mattress material and preparation method thereof
CN104692851A (en) * 2015-03-01 2015-06-10 牛连壁 Heating type organic fertilizer fermentation bed
CN104823918A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-08-12 安徽省霍山县众益生态农业有限公司 Breeding method for piglet

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0473889A2 (en) * 1990-06-18 1992-03-11 Gnosis Srl A plant for the treatment of animal dejections
CN101565684A (en) * 2009-06-04 2009-10-28 千智伟 Method for making fermenting bed for ecological pig breeding by using composite strain culture
CN102224804A (en) * 2011-06-01 2011-10-26 丹阳市康乐农牧有限公司 Novel microbial fermentation bed mattress material and preparation method thereof
CN104692851A (en) * 2015-03-01 2015-06-10 牛连壁 Heating type organic fertilizer fermentation bed
CN104823918A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-08-12 安徽省霍山县众益生态农业有限公司 Breeding method for piglet

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
周辛平等: "《循环利用与综合开发》", 31 December 2011 *
武英: "《肉猪养殖专家答疑》", 30 September 2013, 山东科学技术出版社 *
程备久: "《现代生物技术概论》", 30 September 2003 *

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106070053A (en) * 2016-07-13 2016-11-09 重庆市斯格安畜牧养殖专业合作社 A kind of fermentation bed cowboying method
CN106172031A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-12-07 东莞市民益生物科技有限公司 A kind of half-fermented milch cow bed bedding and padding and its preparation method and application
CN106172031B (en) * 2016-07-15 2019-03-01 东莞市民益生物科技有限公司 A kind of semi-fermented milk cow bed padding and its preparation method and application
CN106376520A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-08 南丹县水产畜牧兽医局 Beef cattle breeding method
CN106376473A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-08 南京国龙生物科技有限公司 Preparation method of economic environment-friendly biological fermenting bed suitable for breeding pigs
CN106689040A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-05-24 仁怀市泓熙养殖专业合作社 Ecological cattle raising method
CN106689040B (en) * 2016-11-24 2019-12-10 苏州睿澎诚科技有限公司 Ecological cattle raising method
CN109526762A (en) * 2019-01-18 2019-03-29 福建省农业科学院农业生态研究所 The cattle farm fermenting bed padding and preparation method thereof that after separating dry space from moist space prepared by cattle manure residue

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103688906B (en) The method of the ecological circulation utilization of life in the countryside waste material and cultivation waste material
CN105075871A (en) Fermentation bed making method for cattle
CN101416610B (en) Pigpen fermentation bed and use thereof
CN101703033B (en) Method for building pigsty fermentation bed
CN106106372A (en) A kind of solid waste biologic treating technique based on vermiculture
CN104067984B (en) A kind of balance pig raising method
CN102783424A (en) Making method of biological fermentation bed for pig farming
CN101993182A (en) Livestock and poultry farm dung dirt biological fermentation treatment method and device
CN103081855A (en) Method utilizing fermentation bed pool to raise agkistrodon acutus
CN202151064U (en) Roof biomass circulating planting system
CN102630515A (en) Biomass cyclic planting system on roof
CN108739677B (en) Method for breeding earthworms in Ningxia area in open field
CN108112541A (en) A kind of cultural method of livestock and poultry cultivation zero-emission
CN103483025B (en) Technology for preparing bio-organic fertilizer through aquaculture waste and forestry and agricultural waste in sealed and aerobiotic mode
CN104193426A (en) Method and equipment for fermenting and drying excrement in one step
CN102531721A (en) Production method of recycling-type fermentation bedding material and beef cattle raising technique
CN104844287A (en) Method for simultaneously preparing solid and liquid organic fertilizer
CN104206286B (en) Scaled cattle farms cow dung cascaded utilization of energy combines method of disposal
CN102687678A (en) Biological fermentation bed and breeding method of gosling
CN102531725A (en) Normal pressure aerated fermentation equipment and method
CN104557168A (en) Method for producing environmentally friendly bedding material by using dairy cattle farm wastes
CN104429993A (en) Manufacturing method of pig fermentation bed
CN106070053A (en) A kind of fermentation bed cowboying method
CN105248371A (en) Pig raising method based on fermenting bed
CN108976013A (en) Cow dung urinates integrated organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20151125