CN104012361A - Method preventing soil, water and fertilizer from being lost when grapes are planted in sand and gravel land - Google Patents

Method preventing soil, water and fertilizer from being lost when grapes are planted in sand and gravel land Download PDF

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CN104012361A
CN104012361A CN201410272859.8A CN201410272859A CN104012361A CN 104012361 A CN104012361 A CN 104012361A CN 201410272859 A CN201410272859 A CN 201410272859A CN 104012361 A CN104012361 A CN 104012361A
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soil
layer
gravel
grape
sieves
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CN104012361B (en
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刘俊
李敬川
张东风
汉瑞峰
于祎飞
宫英振
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Hebei Academy of Forestry Sciences
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Hebei Academy of Forestry Sciences
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Abstract

The invention provides a method preventing soil, water and fertilizer from being lost when grapes are planted in sand and gravel land. The method comprises the steps that a planting furrow is dug, the furrow is paved with materials, watering and sedimentation are carried out, and the furrow is filled to be even. The method comprises the specific operation steps that the planting furrow is dug in the sand and gravel land, the wall and bottom of the planting furrow are paved with anti-seepage films, the anti-seepage films are paved with a gravel layer, the gravel layer is paved with a sieved soil layer, the sieved soil layer is paved with first mixed soil containing corn straws, sieved soil and organic fertilizer, the first mixed soil is watered, the subsided first mixed soil layer is paved with a second mixed soil layer containing sieved surface layer soil and the organic fertilizer, and the planting furrow is filled. The soil improved through the method can prevent the fertilizer and water from being lost, and is suitable for growth of the grapes, the purpose of saving water can be achieved, the productive investment is reduced, and earnings are increased.

Description

A kind of method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of agricultural production technologies, be specifically related to a kind of method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground.
Background technology
At present, along with the raising of people's living standard, increasing to demand vinous, therefore also increasing to the demand of grape-growing areas.Although the plantation of a lot of local suitable grapes of weather conditions of China, but due to soil and be not suitable for the growth of grape, as the Plain of some rivers impacts, soil content is large, gravel is many, the content of organic matter is low, soil nutrient is few, liquid manure easily runs off, the grape base that wants to set up high-quality must be improved soil, reduces liquid manure and runs off.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground, and the method can prevent the loss of liquid manure in soil, obtains the soil of suitable wine-growing.
In order to solve technical problem of the present invention, the technical scheme that inventor provides is:
Prevent the method that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground, wherein, operating procedure comprises:
A. at gravel soil, dig field planting ditch on the ground, field planting ditch depth 90-130cm, wide 100-120cm;
B. in field planting furrow bank, field planting bottom of trench both sides, lay respectively antiseepage film, antiseepage film leaves gap in field planting ditch bottom;
C. in antiseepage film, laying stone becomes stone layer, and the thickness of stone layer is 10cm;
D. on stone layer, laying the topsoil that sieves becomes the soil layer that sieves, and the thickness of the layer that sieves is 10cm;
E. the maize straw that laying is pulverized on the soil layer that sieves, the mixture of sieve topsoil and fertilizer become the first mixed soil layer, the volume ratio of described maize straw, sieve topsoil and fertilizer is 1:3:1, and described the first mixed soil layer thickness fills up field planting ditch;
F. on the first mixed soil layer, water, the first mixed soil layer generation sedimentation;
G. to the mixture of laying sieve topsoil and fertilizer on the first mixed soil layer after sedimentation, become the second mixed soil layer, described in the sieve volume ratio of topsoil and fertilizer be 4:1, the upper surface of described the second mixed soil layer is apart from earth's surface 10cm.
The above-mentioned method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground, in described step b, the width in gap is 10-20cm.
The above-mentioned method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground, in described step c, the diameter of stone is 1-3cm.
The above-mentioned method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground, the particle diameter≤0.5cm after the topsoil that sieves in described steps d sieves.
The above-mentioned method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground, after the topsoil that sieves in described step e sieves, particle diameter is 0.5cm.
The above-mentioned method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground, the number of times watering in described step f is 1-2 time.
The above-mentioned method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground, the amount of watering in described step f is >0.5m 3water/1m 3soil
The above-mentioned method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground, in described step f, the time of sedimentation is >=10d.
The above-mentioned method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground, the particle diameter after the topsoil that sieves in described step g sieves is≤0.5cm.
The method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground provided by the invention, the cross section of described field planting ditch is rectangle, the antiseepage film that the field planting ditch bottom is laid can prevent the loss that moisture is too fast, for grape growth provides sufficient moisture, between antiseepage film, stay the gap of establishing can make unnecessary moisture flow away, guarantee that field planting ditch and deep soil have certain water, gas, fertile exchange, the grapevine seedling of avoiding excess moisture to cause is dead, guarantees the growth conditions that grapevine seedling is good.
Provided by the inventionly prevent that described stone layer can increase water penetration in the gravel soil method that on the ground soil liquid manure runs off during cultivating grape, prevent from accumulating in soil too much moisture.
The method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground provided by the invention, described the first mixed soil layer is the concentrated distribution layer of following grape root system, it is the organic matter increasing in soil that this layer adds more straw, animal wastes object, for grape growth provides nutrition and comparatively suitable soil porosity.
Provided by the inventionly prevent that after soil backfill, field planting ditch soil packing is inadequate, by watering, makes soil natural sedimentation in the gravel soil method that on the ground soil liquid manure runs off during cultivating grape, reach be suitable for grape growth tight ness rating.
The method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground provided by the invention, described the second mixed soil layer is seedling planting layer, is applicable to the growth of grape nursery stock then.The upper surface of the second mixed soil layer is set as 10cm apart from the distance on earth's surface, be convenient to grape to water, and current is concentrated while watering under this condition, is difficult for, to spreading in the soil away from from grape, having improved irrigation efficiency, has saved water.
Fertilizer of the present invention is animal wastes, plant residue, after fully becoming thoroughly decomposed, uses.
The method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground provided by the invention, the method can prevent the loss of liquid manure in soil, obtains the soil of suitable wine-growing, and can realize the object of water saving, reduces investment of production, additional income.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that field planting ditch of the present invention fills up the cross-sectional view after material.
In figure, the implication of each label is: 1 antiseepage film, 2 stone layers, 3 soil layers that sieve, 4 first mixed soil layers, 5 second mixed soil layers.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, content of the present invention is further described in detail.
Experimental field be positioned at Huailai, Hebei county, 146.36 kilocalories/cm2 of total solar radiation, 3500 ℃ of≤10 ℃ of active accumulated temperatures, 8.9 ℃ of year sammings, frost-free season 120~160d, year precipitation is between 420~480mm, and spring drought is serious, rain hot same period, skewness, focused mostly in 6,7,8 months, concerning plantation grape, rainfall is obviously not enough, can not meet the needs of grape growth.Test Orchard Soil is cinnamon soil, and quality is partially husky, many gravels, and this kind of gas permeability of soil is suitable for well the plantation of grape, but leaks, leaks fertile serious.
Test kind is the red earth, totally 14 mu of area under cultivations, wherein totally 7 mu of processing according to the method for the invention of cultivating soil.
Field planting ditch processing method is set to 3 kinds, processes I, processes II for soil is processed according to the method for the invention, specific as follows:
Process I: antiseepage 1.2m (wide) * 1.3m (deeply) * 110m (length).First, in both sides paving antiseepage film, at the bottom of film, stay seam 10-20cm for infiltration.By bottom, be upwards followed successively by stone layer (thickness 10cm, cobble-stone diameter 1-3cm), sieve that (maize straw, topsoil and fertilizer mixture sieve for soil layer 10cm, the first mixed soil layer, ratio 1:3:1), the second mixed soil layer (sieve topsoil and fertilizer mixture, ratio 4:1).
Process II: antiseepage 1.0m (wide) * 0.9cm (deeply) * 110m (length).First, in both sides paving antiseepage film, at the bottom of film, stay seam 10-20cm for infiltration.By bottom, be upwards followed successively by stone layer (thickness 10cm, cobble-stone diameter 1-3cm), sieve that (maize straw, topsoil and fertilizer mixture sieve for soil layer 10cm, the first mixed soil layer, ratio 1:3:1), the second mixed soil layer (sieve topsoil and fertilizer mixture, ratio 4:1).
Contrast (CK): non-antiseepage 1.2m (wide) * 1.1m (deeply) * 110m (length).The mixed packing gross thickness of soil, cow dung, broken corn stalk and phosphate fertilizer 50kg is 95cm, is the soil layer of 15cm on it.
Carry out the red Globe Grape of field planting in spring in 2009, each processing method was investigated in 2011.
The impact of embodiment 1 on soil moisture content
(1) materials and methods
Test period: 2011
Test material: varieties of plant: the red earth, age of tree life in 3 years.
Test method: after spring in 2011, grape was unearthed, every processing (centre position) every 20m in ditch arranges a sample point, tetra-layers of minute 0~5cm, 15~20cm, 35~40cm, 55~60cm measure soil moisture contents.Grape is analyzed a soil moisture content in after pouring water every 2 days, until pour water for the second time, sets up soil moisture change curve, and statistics year irrigation frequency and irrigation quantity (irrigation volume=irrigation time * water yield).
(2) results and analysis
1. the unearthed rear soil moisture content investigation of grape in spring
On April 17th, 2011 is investigated soil moisture content in Valley of Vineyards after being unearthed, and the results are shown in Table 1.
The unearthed Hou Gounei of table 1 grape soil moisture content unit: water content %
Processing method 0~5cm 15~20cm 35~40cm 55~60cm
Process 1 7.4a 12.5a 14.3a 15.2a
Process 2 7.2a 11.8a 14.2a 15.4a
CK 7.2a 8.3b 9.0b 9.8b
Significant difference between alphabetical a, b representative processing in table.
Data declaration in table 1, except topsoil (0~5cm) water content difference is not remarkable, the soil moisture content under antiseepage pattern is all significantly higher than non-antiseepage pattern.Testing after measured maxmun field capacity in garden is 20%, and the required field capacity of grape growth is 12%~16%.In this research under antiseepage cultivation condition, after grape is unearthed, soil moisture content can meet grape normal growth, but not under antiseepage cultivation condition, the unearthed rear soil moisture content of grape, lower than the lower limit of the required soil moisture content of grape, will exert an influence to the growth of grape if watered not in time.
2. different disposal is irrigated rear soil moisture content variation
Carried out Continuous Observation to respectively processing different depth soil moisture content after irrigating in June, 2011, and every two days records once, until irrigate next time, the results are shown in Table 2-4.
Table 2 is processed 1 different depth soil moisture content and is changed (%)
Soil depth 2 days 4 days 6 days 8 days 10 days 12 days 14 days 16 days 18 days 20 days
0~5cm 14.60 14.51 13.33 12.92 11.29 8.15 6.80 5.63 5.23 4.11
15~20cm 15.46 14.81 14.64 14.43 14.39 14.31 13.25 13.12 12.83 12.03
35~40cm 16.80 16.10 15.96 15.16 15.11 14.98 14.59 13.94 13.35 12.75
55~60cm 17.82 17.20 16.55 15.93 15.52 15.33 14.82 14.33 13.92 13.25
Table 3 is processed 2 different depth soil moisture contents and is changed (%)
Soil depth 2 days 4 days 6 days 8 days 10 days 12 days 14 days 16 days 18 days 20 days
0~5cm 14.72 14.55 13.44 12.83 11.27 7.66 6.55 5.65 5.42 4.05
15~20cm 15.37 14.82 14.53 14.52 14.32 14.20 13.84 13.02 12.79 12.52
35~40cm 16.77 16.03 15.82 15.20 15.13 14.77 14.68 13.83 13.27 12.86
55~60cm 17.73 17.12 16.47 15.88 15.43 15.00 14.78 14.35 13.87 13.22
Table 4 contrast (CK) different depth soil moisture content changes (%)
Soil depth 2 days 4 days 6 days 8 days 10 days 12 days 14 days 16 days 18 days 20 days
0~5cm 13.44 13.16 12.01 11.33 10.10 7.15 6.42 5.11 4.92 4.22
15~20cm 14.43 13.85 12.58 11.93 11.73 10.99 10.60 9.57 8.75 7.21
35~40cm 15.71 14.31 13.86 12.81 12.72 12.15 11.24 10.33 9.72 9.10
55~60cm 16.02 15.44 14.96 14.53 13.92 13.44 12.78 12.10 11.22 10.63
The data of table in 2-4 show, after irrigation, each process in soil moisture content all present in time decline trend, wherein topsoil water content decline rate is the fastest.Because the soil moisture content of test region grape suitable growth is 12% left and right, therefore from table 2-4, we can find out that red Globe Grape 15cm~60cm deep soil water content of antiseepage cultivation all can reach the soil moisture content level that meets grape suitable growth irrigating for the second time.And the soil moisture content of each level of contrast has dropped to below 12% before irrigating for the second time, be not suitable for the growth of grape.
The different depth soil moisture content of different disposal is compared separately, as shown in table 5-8.
Underground 0~the 5cm of table 5 place soil moisture content changes
Processing method 2 days 4 days 6 days 8 days 10 days 12 days 14 days 16 days 18 days 20 days
Process 1 14.60 14.51 13.33 12.92 11.29 8.15 6.80 5.63 5.23 4.11
Process 2 14.72 14.55 13.44 12.83 11.27 7.66 6.55 5.65 5.42 4.05
Contrast (CK) 13.44 13.16 12.01 11.33 10.10 7.15 6.42 5.11 4.92 4.22
Underground 10~the 20cm of table 6 place soil moisture content changes
Processing method 2 days 4 days 6 days 8 days 10 days 12 days 14 days 16 days 18 days 20 days
Process 1 15.46 14.81 14.64 14.43 14.39 14.31 13.25 13.12 12.83 12.03
Process 2 15.37 14.82 14.53 14.52 14.32 14.20 13.84 13.02 12.79 12.52
Contrast (CK) 14.43 13.85 12.58 11.93 11.73 10.99 10.60 9.57 8.75 7.21
Underground 35~the 40cm of table 7 place soil moisture content changes
Processing method 2 days 4 days 6 days 8 days 10 days 12 days 14 days 16 days 18 days 20 days
Process 1 16.80 16.10 15.96 15.16 15.11 14.98 14.59 13.94 13.35 12.75
Process 2 16.77 16.03 15.82 15.20 15.13 14.77 14.68 13.83 13.27 12.86
Contrast (CK) 15.71 14.31 13.86 12.81 12.72 12.15 11.24 10.33 9.72 9.10
Underground 55~the 60cm of table 8 place soil moisture content changes
Processing method 2 days 4 days 6 days 8 days 10 days 12 days 14 days 16 days 18 days 20 days
Process 1 17.82 17.20 16.55 15.93 15.52 15.33 14.82 14.33 13.92 13.25
Process 2 17.73 17.12 16.47 15.88 15.43 15.00 14.78 14.35 13.87 13.22
Contrast (CK) 16.02 15.44 14.96 14.53 13.92 13.44 12.78 12.10 11.22 10.63
Above-mentioned result of study shows, each level soil moisture content of control group is all less than antiseepage and processes I and II, and that each level soil moisture content difference is processed between I and II in antiseepage is not remarkable.Control group is not owing to adopting antiseepage cultivation, and each level soil moisture content underspeeds all higher than other processing.In each level soil, when antiseepage cultivation drops to 12% with the vineyard of non-antiseepage cultivation, required number of days is different, underground 0~5cm place wherein, and the number of days that antiseepage is cultivated when respectively processing soil moisture content and reaching 12% is 8 days, contrast is 6 days; Underground 15~20cm place, number of days when antiseepage cultivation is respectively processed water content and reached 12% is 20, contrast is 8; Underground 35~40cm place and underground 55~60cm place, number of days when antiseepage cultivation is respectively processed water content and reached 12% is more than 20 days, and contrast is respectively 12 days and 14 days.Visible, use the mode of antiseepage cultivation to compare with antiseepage planting type not, the irrigation time that at least can extend a week.
Embodiment 2 different disposal method year irrigation quantities are measured
Inventor adds up the irrigation time of different disposal method and irrigation volume, the results are shown in Table 9.
Red Globe Grape mu irrigation volume is cultivated in the different antiseepages of table 9
In table 9, result shows: the average irrigation time of processing I and processing II has reduced 13min compared with the control, and irrigation volume has reduced 10.7m 3.Use antiseepage cultivation to extend irrigation number of days, year irrigation frequency ratio not antiseepage grape has reduced 1 time, and a year irrigation volume has reduced by 34.4%.Visible, grape antiseepage cultivation can be played the effect of water saving effectively, reduces investment of production, additional income.
Brief summary
1. Huailai Areas is because amount of rainfall in the winter is less, grape in spring 0~60cm deep soil water content when unearthed is only 7.2%~9.8%, do not reach the soil moisture content standard that meets red Globe Grape normal growth needs 12%, and the grape that adopts antiseepage cultivation while being unearthed 40~60cm (the main area of grape root system) deep soil water content all reached more than 14% and can meet red Globe Grape normal growth needs, for grape rudiment provides sufficient moisture.
2. in vineyard, Huailai Areas, adopt antiseepage cultivation to compare with antiseepage planting type not, can extend the irrigation time of a week.Reduced a year irrigation frequency, a year irrigation volume has reduced by 34.4%, visible, and grape antiseepage cultivation can be played the effect of water saving effectively, reduces investment of production, additional income.
The impact of embodiment 3 on soil nutrient content
(1) materials and methods
Test period: in September, 2011
Test material: the red earth, age of tree life in 3 years.
Test method: each is processed every 20m a sample point is set, all be positioned at field planting ditch centre position, each sample point is got underground 20cm, 40cm, each 0.5kg of soil of 60cm place, the soil of different depth is evenly mixed respectively, utilize cross split plot design to cut apart, finally remain 0.5kg to be measured.Main testing index is full nitrogen, full phosphorus, full potassium, available nitrogen, rapid available phosphorus, available potassium, effective iron, the content of organic matter.
Evaluation of Soil Nutrients standard and method: according to Soil In Beijing nutrient code of points, carry out, as shown in table 10.
Table 10 soil nutrient index code of points
Note: the separation inclusion relation between each index value graded region is down (limit) and contains, upper (limit) do not contain, and for example, in organic " height " grade, " 25~20 " expression " is more than or equal to 20, and is less than 25 interval value ", and other are roughly the same.
Table 11 is soil nutrient index weights.
Table 11 soil nutrient index weights
Project Weight (W)
Organic 0.30
Full nitrogen (N) or available nitrogen (N) 0.25
Rapid available phosphorus (P) 0.25
Available potassium (K) 0.20
Add up to 1.00
Calculate the nutrient composite index that each evaluates plot, adopt addition model:
I=∑ Fi * Wi (i=1,2,3 ..., n), in formula: I represents plot nutrient composite index, i index score value of Fi=, the weight of i index of Wi=.
Table 12 is soil nutrient grade classification rule.
Table 12 soil nutrient grade classification rule
Grade Composite index (I)
High 100~95
High 95~75
In 75~50
Low 50~30
Extremely low 30~0
Note: the separation inclusion relation between comprehensive grading numerical value graded region is down (limit) and contains, upper (limit) do not contain, in " height " grade, the interval value that " 95~75 " expression " is more than or equal to 75, and is less than 95 ", other are roughly the same.
(2) results and analysis
Mostly be ground, river course Huailai County wine-growing, though remove part ratchel during field planting, but sandstone ratio is still higher, this kind of gas permeability of soil is good, be suitable for the plantation of grape, but it is serious to leak, leak fertilizer, for this improves fertilizing method, the using method of base manure is become to autumn Shi Weichun and execute, concrete fertilising scheme is in Table 13.
The red Globe Grape fertilising of table 13 scheme
* base manure, base manure fertilization time is to execute in the spring, fertilizing method is that the interior paving of being first expert at spring is executed, (be the annual the first tenday period of a month in May by different disposal consumption fertilizer uniform spreading in grape is capable, the rear soil that gently ploughs under of pouring water twice), after autumn grape maturity, the dressing furrow of dark wide 60cm * 50cm is opened in the south of being expert at apart from grapevine seedling 1m place, be then layered on spring fertilizer in row and table native mix together to apply in ditch also pour water in time.
After picking fruit, the soil of processing according to the method for the invention and the soil nutrient content of contrast are measured, be the results are shown in Table 14.
Table 14 different disposal soil nutrient content
Significant difference between alphabetical a, b representative processing in table.
Can find out, between the soil of processing according to the method for the invention and control soil all there is significant difference in full potassium, full nitrogen, available potassium, available nitrogen, rapid available phosphorus, DTPA-Fe, and between two processing nutrient contents of antiseepage cultivation, difference is not remarkable.The full potassium of soil that the method for the invention is processed, available potassium, full nitrogen, available nitrogen, full phosphorus, rapid available phosphorus, effective iron, the content of organic matter are followed successively by 22.8%, 29.5%, 64.3%, 15.6%, 33.3%, 38.9%, 27.2%, 4.5% compared with the average increase rate of control group.Because vineyard, Project Areas is sandy soil many containing gravel, between soil particle, lack cementing power, become fragmentary simple grain more, though draining and air capacity of soils are good, but preserve moisture and fertility ability, is therefore used antiseepage restriction cultivation can effectively reduce the loss of soil nutrient in field planting ditch.
The anti-soil nutrient that blends non-antiseepage grape is carried out to overall merit, and evaluation result is as table 15.Result shows, uses the soil nutrient overall target (I) of antiseepage cultivation mode to be 70, has reached medium level.Although the red Globe Grape soil nutrient of antiseepage has not reached medium level yet, soil nutrient overall target is 61, much smaller than each processing of antiseepage.
Table 15 is respectively processed nutrient comprehensive evaluation index and score value
(3) brief summary
, contain on the sandy soil of gravel more, adopt anti-seepage method cultivation of the present invention can improve the Lou fertile phenomenon of leaking, in soil, in full potassium, available potassium, full nitrogen, available nitrogen, full phosphorus, rapid available phosphorus, effective iron, more not antiseepage situation of the content of organic matter, be all significantly improved.
In sum, the gravel soil method that on the ground soil liquid manure runs off during cultivating grape that prevents provided by the invention, can effectively improve the Lou fertile phenomenon of leaking, play the effect of water saving, reduce investment of production, additional income, the growth of the suitable grape of soil after the method improvement.

Claims (9)

1. prevent the method that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground, it is characterized in that, operating procedure comprises:
A. at gravel soil, dig field planting ditch on the ground, field planting ditch depth 90-130cm, wide 100-120cm;
B. in field planting furrow bank, field planting bottom of trench both sides, lay respectively antiseepage film (1), antiseepage film (1) leaves gap in field planting ditch bottom;
C. at the upper stone of laying of antiseepage film (1), become stone layer (2), the thickness of stone layer (2) is 10cm;
D. at the upper topsoil that sieves of laying of stone layer (2), become the soil layer that sieves (3), the thickness of the soil layer that sieves (3) is 10cm;
E. the maize straw of pulverizing in the upper laying of the soil layer that sieves (3), the mixture of sieve topsoil and fertilizer become the first mixed soil layer (4), the volume ratio of described maize straw, sieve topsoil and fertilizer is 1:3:1, and described the first mixed soil layer (4) thickness fills up field planting ditch;
F. on the first mixed soil layer (4), watering, there is sedimentation in the first mixed soil layer (4);
G. to the upper mixture of laying sieve topsoil and fertilizer of the first mixed soil layer (4) after sedimentation, become the second mixed soil layer (5), the volume ratio of described sieve topsoil and fertilizer is 4:1, and the upper surface of described the second mixed soil layer (5) is apart from earth's surface 10cm.
2. a kind of method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step b, the width in gap is 10-20cm.
3. a kind of method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step c, the diameter of stone is 1-3cm.
4. a kind of method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground according to claim 1, is characterized in that the particle diameter≤0.5cm after the topsoil that sieves in described steps d sieves.
5. a kind of method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground according to claim 1, is characterized in that, after the topsoil that sieves in described step e sieves, particle diameter is 0.5cm.
6. a kind of method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the number of times watering in described step f is 1-2 time.
7. a kind of method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the amount of watering in described step f is >0.5m 3water/1m 3soil
8. a kind of method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step f, the time of sedimentation is >=10d.
9. a kind of method that prevents that soil liquid manure runs off when the cultivating grape of gravel soil ground according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the particle diameter after the topsoil that sieves in described step g sieves is≤0.5cm.
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CN104686280A (en) * 2015-03-25 2015-06-10 上海交通大学 Method for planting grapes and interplanting grain crops such as wheat
CN105284355A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-02-03 中国农业大学 Facility leak-stopping and evaporation-limiting cultivation method for non-arable land
CN106688782A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-05-24 常州市金坛区园艺技术指导站 Multilayer fertilization method for increasing content of vineyard soil organic matter at a time
CN106962089A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-07-21 胡绍林 The quick prosperity method of poor desert economy is allowed using afforestation
CN107567964A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-01-12 无为县姚沟镇太白瓜蒌种植专业合作社 A kind of high yield cultivating method of Snakegourd Fruit
CN107683739A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-02-13 界首市金灵种植专业合作社 A kind of method of sand grape high-yield cultivation
CN110476695A (en) * 2019-08-15 2019-11-22 中粮长城葡萄酒(宁夏)有限公司 The method of cultivating grape in the soil rich in gravel
CN111724271A (en) * 2020-04-27 2020-09-29 齐实 High-salinity and alkalinity area greening plant growing method based on growth nutrition space
CN112166730A (en) * 2020-11-02 2021-01-05 青岛农业大学 Inverted convex planting ditch for saline-alkali soil and construction method and application thereof
CN113079733A (en) * 2021-04-13 2021-07-09 山西大学 Water retention method for sandy farmland

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CN104686280A (en) * 2015-03-25 2015-06-10 上海交通大学 Method for planting grapes and interplanting grain crops such as wheat
CN105284355A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-02-03 中国农业大学 Facility leak-stopping and evaporation-limiting cultivation method for non-arable land
CN105284355B (en) * 2015-10-26 2018-06-26 中国农业大学 One kind steams cultural method for non-arable land facility leak stopping limit
CN106688782A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-05-24 常州市金坛区园艺技术指导站 Multilayer fertilization method for increasing content of vineyard soil organic matter at a time
CN106962089A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-07-21 胡绍林 The quick prosperity method of poor desert economy is allowed using afforestation
CN107683739A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-02-13 界首市金灵种植专业合作社 A kind of method of sand grape high-yield cultivation
CN107567964A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-01-12 无为县姚沟镇太白瓜蒌种植专业合作社 A kind of high yield cultivating method of Snakegourd Fruit
CN110476695A (en) * 2019-08-15 2019-11-22 中粮长城葡萄酒(宁夏)有限公司 The method of cultivating grape in the soil rich in gravel
CN110476695B (en) * 2019-08-15 2021-09-10 中粮长城葡萄酒(宁夏)有限公司 Method for cultivating grapes in gravel-rich soil
CN111724271A (en) * 2020-04-27 2020-09-29 齐实 High-salinity and alkalinity area greening plant growing method based on growth nutrition space
CN112166730A (en) * 2020-11-02 2021-01-05 青岛农业大学 Inverted convex planting ditch for saline-alkali soil and construction method and application thereof
CN113079733A (en) * 2021-04-13 2021-07-09 山西大学 Water retention method for sandy farmland

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