CN103975730A - Strawberry cutting seedling raising method - Google Patents

Strawberry cutting seedling raising method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103975730A
CN103975730A CN201410174700.2A CN201410174700A CN103975730A CN 103975730 A CN103975730 A CN 103975730A CN 201410174700 A CN201410174700 A CN 201410174700A CN 103975730 A CN103975730 A CN 103975730A
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China
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seedling
cuttage
stolon
strawberry
culture method
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CN201410174700.2A
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卞佳林
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Individual
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Abstract

The invention discloses a strawberry cutting seedling raising method. The strawberry cutting seedling raising method comprises the following steps: 1) selecting stolon seedlings with 2-3 expanded leaves; 2) soaking the lower ends of the stolon seedlings in fresh water for 10-12h and then soaking the lower ends of the stolon seedlings in growth regulating agent for 10-12h to obtain adventitious roots; 3) trimming a seedbed, punching holes in a ridge surface at distance with plant spacing of 20cm according to the standard of two rows per ridge, then inserting the adventitious roots in the holes, performing watering and keeping the ground temperature to be 10-20DEG C; 4) firstly erecting a sunshade net on the seedbed, simultaneously performing fertilization treatment, and keeping the temperature to be 20-25DEG C, illuminating time to be 10-12h and water holdup to be 70-80 percent. The strawberry cutting seedling raising method disclosed by the invention has the advantages that the steps are simple, the operation is convenient to perform, the cost is low, the performance of stock strawberries is effectively guaranteed to be excellent, the characteristics of short cultivation period, good rooting effect, quick seedling growth and high survival rate are realized, and the practice and popularization significance is great.

Description

The cuttage and seedling culture method of a kind of strawberry
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cuttage and seedling culture method, especially relate to the cuttage and seedling culture method of a kind of strawberry, belong to the raising technology field of nursery stock.
Background technology
Strawberry can high-quality and efficient production basis be choosing of strawberry nursery stock, meanwhile, the quality of nursery stock also directly has influence on the height of the survival rate of planting, results duration, output etc.At present, the seedling-cultivating method of strawberry routine is graft seedling growth and cuttage and seedling culture, and wherein the method cycle of graft seedling growth length, complicated operation and efficiency are low.And cottage propagation is exactly directly to utilize strawberry branches and tendrils to carry out cottage breeding nursery stock, at present, due in the selection in cuttings in the process of cottage propagation, storage, early stage processing procedure, method is not fine, and causing final strawberry be not fine aspect rooting efficiency, survival rate.Therefore the cuttage and seedling culture method of being badly in need of a kind of high-quality improves current method.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, goal of the invention of the present invention is to provide the cuttage and seedling culture method of the strawberry that a kind of rooting efficiency is good, survival rate is high.
The technical scheme that the present invention takes is:
A cuttage and seedling culture method for strawberry, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) choosing of stolon seedling: choose the stolon seedling of the annual 2-3 of having sheet expansion leaf, the lower end of described stolon seedling is cut into wedge shape;
(2) processing of taking root: 10-12h is first soaked in the lower end of stolon seedling in clear water, so that stolon seedling can fully be absorbed water, improve survival rate, then under the temperature condition of 20-22 DEG C (this temperature range is the fastest temperature range of taking root), the lower end of stolon seedling is immersed in and in growth regulator, after 10-12h, obtains adventive root, until grow to 1.0-1.2cm, described growth regulator can effectively prevent that the tender shoots sprouting from not going up and withering because of moisture and nutrient supply, have a strong impact on the survival rate of cuttage, processing therefore needs to take root;
(3) cuttage: first repair seedbed, after fertilising, seedling field is arranged with the wide furrow interval of 40-50cm wide ridge face, 20-25cm, then, on the face of ridge, punch with the distance of every ridge two row, spacing in the rows 20cm, then by adventive root cuttage in hole, in furrow, poured water 1 time every 3-5 days again, and keep ground temperature 10-20 DEG C;
(4) after cuttage, manage: first on seedbed, set up shade net, after slow seedling, withdraw from, and sprayed bactericide every 10-12 days, the irrigation of watering every 3-5 days is carried out fertilizer treatment, in addition simultaneously, keep temperature 20-25 DEG C, light application time 10-12h, water-holding capacity is 70-80%.
Further, described growth regulator is any in the ABT root-inducing powder of naphthalene acid solution, 220-250mg/L of the concentration heteroauxin that is respectively 35-40mg/L, 50-60mg/L.
Described bactericide is carbendazim or the thiophanate-methyl of 1000 times.
And the degree of depth of the furrow described in step (4) is 25-30cm.
And the fertilizer described in step (4) is that concentration is the urea of 0.2-0.3% or the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 0.2-0.4%, to promote the healthy and strong growth of nursery stock.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: strawberry cuttage and seedling culture method step of the present invention is simple, easy to operate, and cost is low, in effectively ensureing the premium properties of strawberry maternal plant, also there is the characteristic that cultivation period is short, rooting efficiency good, seedling growth is fast, survival rate is high, there is important practice and dissemination.
Embodiment
With reference now to specific embodiment, the present invention is described in detail.
Embodiment 1:
A cuttage and seedling culture method for strawberry, comprises the following steps:
(1) choosing of stolon seedling: choose the stolon seedling of the annual 2-3 of having sheet expansion leaf, the lower end of described stolon seedling is cut into wedge shape;
(2) processing of taking root: 10h is first soaked in the lower end of stolon seedling in clear water, so that stolon seedling can fully be absorbed water, improve survival rate, then under the temperature condition of 22 DEG C (this temperature range is the fastest temperature range of taking root), the lower end of stolon seedling is immersed in the heteroauxin growth regulator that concentration is 35mg/L and obtains adventive root after 10h, until grow to 1.2cm, described growth regulator can effectively prevent that the tender shoots sprouting from not going up and withering because of moisture and nutrient supply, have a strong impact on the survival rate of cuttage, therefore need the processing of taking root,
(3) cuttage: first repair seedbed, after fertilising, seedling field is arranged with the wide furrow interval of 40cm wide ridge face, 20cm, and the degree of depth of furrow is 25cm, then, on the face of ridge, punch with the distance of every ridge two row, spacing in the rows 20cm, then by adventive root cuttage in hole, then poured water 1 time every 3 days in furrow, and keep ground temperature 10-20 DEG C;
(4) after cuttage, manage: first on seedbed, set up shade net, after slow seedling, withdraw from, and be carbendazim or the thiophanate-methyl of 1000 times every injection in 10 days, fertilizer treatment is carried out in the irrigation of watering every 3 days simultaneously, fertilizer is that concentration is the urea of 0.2-0.3%, to promote the healthy and strong growth of nursery stock, in addition, keep temperature 20-25 DEG C, light application time 10-12h, water-holding capacity is 70-80%.
Embodiment 2:
A cuttage and seedling culture method for strawberry, comprises the following steps:
(1) choosing of stolon seedling: choose the stolon seedling of the annual 2-3 of having sheet expansion leaf, the lower end of described stolon seedling is cut into wedge shape;
(2) processing of taking root: 12h is first soaked in the lower end of stolon seedling in clear water, so that stolon seedling can fully be absorbed water, improve survival rate, then under the temperature condition of 22 DEG C (this temperature range is the fastest temperature range of taking root), the lower end of stolon seedling is immersed in the naphthalene acid solution growth regulator that concentration is 50-60mg/L and obtains adventive root after 12h, until grow to 1.2cm, described growth regulator can effectively prevent that the tender shoots sprouting from not going up and withering because of moisture and nutrient supply, have a strong impact on the survival rate of cuttage, therefore need the processing of taking root,
(3) cuttage: first repair seedbed, after fertilising, seedling field is arranged with the wide furrow interval of 50cm wide ridge face, 25cm, and the degree of depth of furrow is 30cm, then, on the face of ridge, punch with the distance of every ridge two row, spacing in the rows 20cm, then by adventive root cuttage in hole, then poured water 1 time every 5 days in furrow, and keep ground temperature 10-20 DEG C;
(4) after cuttage, manage: first on seedbed, set up shade net, after slow seedling, withdraw from, and be the thiophanate-methyl of 1000 times every injection in 12 days, fertilizer treatment is carried out in the irrigation of watering every 5 days simultaneously, fertilizer is that concentration is the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 0.2-0.4%, to promote the healthy and strong growth of nursery stock, in addition, keep temperature 20-25 DEG C, light application time 10-12h, water-holding capacity is 70-80%.
Embodiment 3:
A cuttage and seedling culture method for strawberry, comprises the following steps:
(1) choosing of stolon seedling: choose the stolon seedling of the annual 2-3 of having sheet expansion leaf, the lower end of described stolon seedling is cut into wedge shape;
(2) processing of taking root: 10h is first soaked in the lower end of stolon seedling in clear water, so that stolon seedling can fully be absorbed water, improve survival rate, then under the temperature condition of 22 DEG C (this temperature range is the fastest temperature range of taking root), the lower end of stolon seedling is immersed in the ABT root-inducing powder growth regulator that concentration is 220-250mg/L and obtains adventive root after 112h, until grow to 1.2cm, described growth regulator can effectively prevent that the tender shoots sprouting from not going up and withering because of moisture and nutrient supply, have a strong impact on the survival rate of cuttage, therefore need the processing of taking root,
(3) cuttage: first repair seedbed, after fertilising, seedling field is arranged with the wide furrow interval of 45cm wide ridge face, 22cm, and the degree of depth of furrow is 30cm, then, on the face of ridge, punch with the distance of every ridge two row, spacing in the rows 20cm, then by adventive root cuttage in hole, then poured water 1 time every 3-5 days in furrow, and keep ground temperature 10-20 DEG C;
(4) after cuttage, manage: first on seedbed, set up shade net, after slow seedling, withdraw from, and be the carbendazim of 1000 times every injection in 10-12 days, fertilizer treatment is carried out in the irrigation of watering every 5 days simultaneously, fertilizer is that concentration is the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 0.2-0.4%, to promote the healthy and strong growth of nursery stock, in addition, keep temperature 20-25 DEG C, light application time 10-12h, water-holding capacity is 70-80%.
Taking embodiment 3 as most preferred embodiment.
More than show and described general principle of the present invention, principal character and advantage.The technical staff of the industry should understand; that in above-mentioned specification, describes just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.The claimed scope of the present invention is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (5)

1. a cuttage and seedling culture method for strawberry, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) choosing of stolon seedling: choose the stolon seedling of the annual 2-3 of having sheet expansion leaf, the lower end of described stolon seedling is cut into wedge shape;
(2) processing of taking root: 10-12h is first soaked in the lower end of stolon seedling in clear water, then, under the temperature condition of 20-22 DEG C, the lower end of stolon seedling is immersed in growth regulator and obtains adventive root after 10-12h, until grow to 1.0-1.2cm;
(3) cuttage: first repair seedbed, after fertilising, seedling field is arranged with the wide furrow interval of 40-50cm wide ridge face, 20-25cm, then, on the face of ridge, punch with the distance of every ridge two row, spacing in the rows 20cm, then by adventive root cuttage in hole, in furrow, poured water 1 time every 3-5 days again, and keep ground temperature 10-20 DEG C;
(4) after cuttage, manage: first on seedbed, set up shade net, after slow seedling, withdraw from, and sprayed bactericide every 10-12 days, the irrigation of watering every 3-5 days is carried out fertilizer treatment, in addition simultaneously, keep temperature 20-25 DEG C, light application time 10-12h, water-holding capacity is 70-80%.
2. the cuttage and seedling culture method of a kind of strawberry according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described growth regulator is any in the ABT root-inducing powder of naphthalene acid solution, 220-250mg/L of the concentration heteroauxin that is respectively 35-40mg/L, 50-60mg/L.
3. the cuttage and seedling culture method of a kind of strawberry according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described bactericide is carbendazim or the thiophanate-methyl of 1000 times.
4. the cuttage and seedling culture method of a kind of strawberry according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the degree of depth of the furrow described in step (4) is 25-30cm.
5. the cuttage and seedling culture method of a kind of strawberry according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described fertilizer is that concentration is the urea of 0.2-0.3% or the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 0.2-0.4%.
CN201410174700.2A 2014-04-29 2014-04-29 Strawberry cutting seedling raising method Pending CN103975730A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106561330A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-04-19 界首市艳兵家庭农场 Strawberry cuttage seedling-raising method
CN107360846A (en) * 2017-09-01 2017-11-21 杭州贵妃家庭农场有限公司 A kind of method that stolon discarded using cultivated strawberry cultivates numerous seedling maternal plant
CN110226468A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-09-13 新疆农业科学院综合试验场 A kind of method for culturing seedlings and implantation methods of the open country strawberry being suitble to cold ground

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103563591A (en) * 2012-07-28 2014-02-12 倪慧艳 Fast growth technique of strawberry seedlings
CN103688835A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-04-02 临海市博优草莓研究所 Strawberry potted tray cutting seedling method

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103563591A (en) * 2012-07-28 2014-02-12 倪慧艳 Fast growth technique of strawberry seedlings
CN103688835A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-04-02 临海市博优草莓研究所 Strawberry potted tray cutting seedling method

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Title
周恒等: "草莓组培苗瓶外生根研究初报", 《中国南方果树》, vol. 37, no. 06, 31 December 2008 (2008-12-31), pages 60 - 61 *
张桢等: "长江中下游地区草莓工厂化繁苗技术", 《长江蔬菜》, no. 05, 8 March 2014 (2014-03-08) *
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106561330A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-04-19 界首市艳兵家庭农场 Strawberry cuttage seedling-raising method
CN107360846A (en) * 2017-09-01 2017-11-21 杭州贵妃家庭农场有限公司 A kind of method that stolon discarded using cultivated strawberry cultivates numerous seedling maternal plant
CN110226468A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-09-13 新疆农业科学院综合试验场 A kind of method for culturing seedlings and implantation methods of the open country strawberry being suitble to cold ground
CN110226468B (en) * 2019-07-23 2021-10-15 新疆农业科学院综合试验场 Seedling raising method and planting method for open-field strawberries suitable for cold areas

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Application publication date: 20140813