CN103535389B - Plant source fruit tree insecticide - Google Patents

Plant source fruit tree insecticide Download PDF

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CN103535389B
CN103535389B CN201310510743.9A CN201310510743A CN103535389B CN 103535389 B CN103535389 B CN 103535389B CN 201310510743 A CN201310510743 A CN 201310510743A CN 103535389 B CN103535389 B CN 103535389B
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parts
fruit tree
insecticide
kilograms
plant source
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CN103535389A (en
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莫晟琼
劳恒
黎芷杉
来临
来光业
莫明鑫
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莫晟琼
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/30Against vector-borne diseases, e.g. mosquito-borne, fly-borne, tick-borne or waterborne diseases whose impact is exacerbated by climate change

Abstract

The invention discloses a plant source fruit tree insecticide. The plant source fruit tree insecticide comprises the following materials in parts by weight: 20-30 parts of bulbs of garlic, 20-30 parts of pyrethrums, 20-30 parts of red-knees herb, 5-10 parts of soap nuts, 10-15 parts of rotenone and 2-5 parts of levo alphla-terpilenol. A production method of the plant source fruit tree insecticide comprises the following steps of smashing the bulbs of garlic, the pyrethrums, the red-knees herb and the soap nuts; adding water 5-10 times the amount of the materials, boiling for 30 minutes-50 minutes, filtering, and adding water 3-5 times the amount of the filter residue into the filter residue for boiling for 20 minutes; and combining twice filtrates, adding the rotenone and the levo alphla-terpilenol for uniformly mixing to obtain a product. The product is taken and diluted by 300-500 times to spray, so that insects such as leaf roller moths, red spiders, aphids and tessaratoma papillosa drury can be effectively prevented.

Description

Plant source fruit tree insecticide
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of is the insecticide that raw material is made, particularly fruit tree insecticide with harmless plant, effectively can prevent and treat the insects such as leaf roller, two spotted spider mite, aphid, lichee stinkbug.
Background technology
Planting fruit trees than a lot of crop genetics all than being easier to, implantation methods generally comprises wholely, fertilising, field management, beta pruning, protect flower, the step such as phylactocarp, damage by disease and insect are prevented and kill off, wherein damage by disease and insect is prevented and kill off is a process of outbalance, and the modal insect such as oranges and tangerines, lichee, longan, mango of Southern Fruit Trees is leaf roller, two spotted spider mite, aphid, lichee stinkbug etc.
Leaf roller, two spotted spider mite are the most serious with July to September, and normal moth food tealeaves, sprig and young sprout, sprig skin is namely withered after being eaten, namely dead after seedling is killed, has a strong impact on the growth of fruit tree.Aphid is gathered on the bud of plant, tender leaf or spray more, ceaselessly sucks juice, and killed plant branches and leaves jaundice distortion, time serious, plant wither is dead.The branches and leaves of lichee stinkbug harm litchi and longan, make fruit tree growth slow.
On fruit tree, common insecticide kind is a lot; current peasants conveniently and fast; mostly use agricultural chemicals; due to when having sprayed the agricultural chemicals having residual toxin; will cause having the agricultural chemicals of residual toxin to work the mischief to our health; along with the rise of pollution-free food and pollution-free food, in order to ensure people's health and protect the environment from pollution, some severe toxicity and persistent pesticide are eliminated gradually, forbid.So, advocate and use non-toxic and non-pollution insecticide, planting fruit trees is just become extremely important.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a planting fruit-trees environmental-pollution insecticide, make it to plant out without agricultural chemicals, without hormone and the fruit without chemicals pollution.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of plant source fruit tree insecticide, is characterized in that, its raw material and parts by weight as follows:
Garlic 20 ~ 30 parts;
Dalmatian chrysanthemum 20 ~ 30 parts;
Polygonum flaccidum 20 ~ 30 parts;
Soapberry fruit 5-10 part;
Rotenone 10 ~ 15 parts;
Levogyrate alpha-terpineol 2-5 part.
Above-described plant source fruit tree insecticide, production method is by garlic, Dalmatian chrysanthemum, polygonum flaccidum, soapberry is smashed by fruit, add 5 ~ 10 times of water, boil 30-50 minute, filter, filter residue adds 3-5 times of water boil 20 minutes again, merge twice filtrate, add rotenone and levogyrate alpha-terpineol mixes, obtain product.
The using method of plant source fruit tree insecticide of the present invention product is diluted 300-500 to be doubly sprayed on around the stem stalk of fruit tree, leaf and root, control leaf roller, two spotted spider mite, aphid, lichee stinkbug.
In described raw material, garlic is vegetables common on our dining table, need not explain here.
The active ingredient of Dalmatian chrysanthemum is pyrethrin, be from chrysanthemum cinesariaefolium ( pyrethrum cinerarifolium Trev.) flower in the insecticide active substance that extracts, it is by the pyrethrins work with insecticidal activity, II, cinerin work, II and jasmolin work, II 6 kinds of material compositions, these 6 kinds of components, insecticidal power emphasizes particularly on different fields, insecticidal action differs, therefore good disinsection effect, insecticidal spectrum is wide, the mode of action is various, have and tag, repellent and Antifeedant Effects, insect not easily develops immunity to drugs, see that light slowly resolves into C02 and water, do not produce any poisonous or pollutant, therefore noresidue after using, people and animals are had no side effect, environmentally safe, internationally recognized safety, pollution-free natural insecticide belongs to pure natural plant insecticide, produce at Agriculture, forestry And Animal Husbandry, all there is extensive use in the fields such as storage and hygienic biocide.Pyrethrin, on agriculture forest and husbandry is produced, can be made into multiple formulation and is used for killing the insects such as aphid, cabbage caterpillar, aleyrodid, caterpillar, various noctuid and two spotted spider mite.Result of the test shows: 5% pyrethrum 800 times liquid is better to cucumber America spot Liriomyza control efficiency, and preventive effect can reach more than 90%; 5% pyrethrin missible oil is to 800 times, water and 1000 times of sprayings, better to the preventive effect of peach two spotted spider mite; 2. 5% pyrethrin missible oil has good control efficiency to cigarette aphid, and acceptable diluent multiple is 1000 ~ 1200 times, and by even for liquid spraying _ hand leave dual sides, every mu sprays liquid 60kg, and the lasting period was at about 7 days.
Polygonum flaccidum ( polygonum hydropiper L.) genus polygonaceae ( polygonaceae) Polygonum ( polygonum L.) annual herb plant, be a kind of Chinese traditional herbs of China, in China, most area has distribution, is the plant that a kind of resource is very abundant; Arsesmart all has desinsection, food refusal, repellent activity mostly, and polygonum flaccidum is being used as insecticide by people very early.The principle active component of its desinsection is the sequiterpene vinyl compounds such as polygodial, a kind of left-handed sesquiterpene compounds polygodial such as extracted from polygonum flaccidum leaf, good antifeedant activity is had to insect, to aphid, mythimna separata, diamond-back moth, cabbage caterpillar and the effective polygonum flaccidum of the various pests such as rice fulgorid and confused flour beetle are to insect, such as looper, cutworm etc., there is very strong food refusal, deterrent effect, be developed as a kind of novel vegetable insecticide, when using as Chinese medicine, polygonum flaccidum is used for dysentery, have loose bowels, acute tonsillitis, malaria, arthralgia due to wind-dampness, treating swelling and pain by traumatic injury, uterine bleeding, carbuncle swells furunculosis, scrofula, venomous snake bite, eczema, the ringworm of the foot, traumatism and bleeding.
Rotenone is early stage people extraction and isolation a kind of materials having insecticidal activity out from the plants such as Derris, is one of three great tradition vegetable insecticide.It is mainly present in leguminous plant, and particularly in the plant such as Derris and Baptisia, and research is more deep.The mode of action of rotenone is more.It has strong action of contace poison and stomach poison function to insects such as cabbage caterpillars, has Antifeedant Effects to Japanese beetle, has Growth inhibition to some lepidoptera pest.Trifoliate jewelvine extract can suppress sprouting and the growth of some germ spore, or stops germ to invade plant.Trifoliate jewelvine is to 15 orders, and 800 various pests of 137 sections have certain control efficiency, and action spectrum is wide, especially remarkably productive to aphid mite pest.Research shows that the mechanism of action of rotenone mainly affects the respiration of insect, and a certain composition mainly and between nadh dehydrogenase and ubiquinone is had an effect.Rotenone makes the electron transport chain of pest cell be suppressed, thus reduces the ATP level in organism, finally makes insect can not get energy supply, then drumble, paralysis and slowly dead.
Above-described soapberry fruit, also known as fruit of washing one's hands, Latin plant animal mineral name: sapindusmukorossiGaertn,be distributed in East China, in reach southwest in the south, there is wild and plantation in a lot of place, and soaking the aqueous solution has foam, can as surfactant, and fruit soak of washing one's hands separately can also play desinsection and anthelmintic action.
Levogyrate alpha-terpineol, Chinese another name: terpineol, take turpentine oil as raw material, add at sulfuric acid and averagely on a small quantity add as emulsifier, carrying out hydration reaction under normal temperature, after making in turpentine oil main component firpene generate terpini hydras, obtaining thick terpineol through dewatering, obtain terpineol through fractionation, then go out left-handed and dextrorotation product by chiral separation.The levogyrate alpha-terpineol that the present invention adopts buys from Guangxi Chemical Inst..
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
1, the material composition of insecticide of the present invention is nontoxic, and noresidue is nuisanceless, and production method is simple, and cost is low, easy to use.
2, insecticide of the present invention is to effectively preventing and treating the insects such as leaf roller, two spotted spider mite, aphid, lichee stinkbug, and one time killing rate reaches more than 80%; More than 75% is reached to the killing rate of tea aphid and two spotted spider mite; And there is no resistance to medical, can use by 3-5, and some agricultural chemicals, even highly toxic pesticide, maximum Second Year, insect has just adapted to the property of medicine, and double could be effective.
3, the effect of surfactant is not only by fruit soak of washing one's hands, and is used alone and can also plays desinsection and anthelmintic action.With washing one's hands, fruit soak is directly anti-separately eliminates aphis for the present inventor, also have about 50% prevent and kill off rate.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Choose garlic 20 kilograms, Dalmatian chrysanthemum 20 kilograms, polygonum flaccidum 10 kilograms, soapberry fruit 5 kilograms, smashes above-mentioned material, adds the water of 6 times by whole dose weight, boil half an hour, filter, filter residue adds 5 times of water boils 20 minutes again, merge twice filtrate, add rotenone 10 kilograms, levogyrate alpha-terpineol 2 kilograms, mix, obtain product, dilute stem stalk and leaf that 300 times are sprayed on fruit tree, for preventing and treating leaf roller, control rate reaches 68%.
Embodiment 2
Choose garlic 25 kilograms, Dalmatian chrysanthemum 22 kilograms, polygonum flaccidum 23 kilograms, soapberry fruit 7 kilograms, smashes above-mentioned material, adds the water of 7 times by whole dose weight, boil half an hour, filter, filter residue adds 5 times of water boils 20 minutes again, merge twice filtrate, add rotenone 12 kilograms, levogyrate alpha-terpineol 3 kilograms, mix, obtain product, dilute stem stalk and leaf that 300 times are sprayed on fruit tree, eliminate aphis for anti-, control rate reaches 89%.
Embodiment 3
Choose garlic 28 kilograms, Dalmatian chrysanthemum 25 kilograms, polygonum flaccidum 26 kilograms, soapberry fruit 10 kilograms, smashes above-mentioned material, adds the water of 7 times by whole dose weight, boil half an hour, filter, filter residue adds 5 times of water boils 20 minutes again, merge twice filtrate, add rotenone 13 kilograms, levogyrate alpha-terpineol 4 kilograms, mix, obtain product, dilute stem stalk and leaf that 500 times are sprayed on fruit tree, for preventing and treating two spotted spider mite, control rate reaches 85%.
Embodiment 4
Choose garlic 28 kilograms, Dalmatian chrysanthemum 27 kilograms, polygonum flaccidum 26 kilograms, soapberry fruit 6 kilograms, smashes above-mentioned material, the water of 7 times is added by whole dose weight, boil half an hour, filter, filter residue adds 5 times of water boils 20 minutes again, merge twice filtrate, add rotenone 14 kilograms, levogyrate alpha-terpineol 3 kilograms, mixes, obtain product, dilute stem stalk and leaf that 500 times are sprayed on litchi, for preventing and treating lichee stinkbug, one time control rate reaches 67%, every 2 days, second time was sprayed later, and control rate reaches 87%.
Embodiment 5
Choose garlic 30 kilograms, Dalmatian chrysanthemum 22 kilograms, polygonum flaccidum 25 kilograms, soapberry fruit 7 kilograms, smashes above-mentioned material, adds the water of 8 times by whole dose weight, boil half an hour, filter, filter residue adds 6 times of water boils 20 minutes again, merge twice filtrate, add rotenone 15 kilograms, levogyrate alpha-terpineol 4 kilograms, mix, obtain product, dilute stem stalk and leaf that 500 times are sprayed on litchi, for preventing and treating the two spotted spider mite of orange tree, aphid, control rate reach 88%.
Embodiment 6
Choose garlic 21 kilograms, Dalmatian chrysanthemum 28 kilograms, polygonum flaccidum 24 kilograms, soapberry fruit 5 kilograms, smashes above-mentioned material, adds the water of 7 times by whole dose weight, boil 25 minutes, filter, filter residue adds 4 times of water boils 20 minutes again, merge twice filtrate, add rotenone 12 kilograms, levogyrate alpha-terpineol 5 kilograms, mix, obtain product, dilute stem stalk and leaf that 500 times are sprayed on litchi, for preventing and treating the leaf roller of longan, control rate reaches 75%.
The present invention and chemical pesticide 40% omethoate emulsifiable solution 1000-2000 doubly, once prevent and treat the comparative test of leaf roller, two spotted spider mite, aphid, lichee stinkbug: the results are shown in following table 1:
Table 1:
From above-mentioned, the entirety control of embodiment of the present invention 1-6 to leaf roller, two spotted spider mite, aphid, lichee stinkbug is slightly poorer than flolimat separately, but owing to not poisoning and not polluting, do not remain, or be worth using, if once do not eliminated destructive insects, can spray 2-3 time, just have better effects.

Claims (2)

1. a production method for plant source fruit tree insecticide, is characterized in that, described insecticide is made up of following raw material and parts by weight:
Garlic 20 ~ 30 parts;
Dalmatian chrysanthemum 20 ~ 30 parts;
Polygonum flaccidum 20 ~ 30 parts;
Soapberry fruit 5-10 part;
Rotenone 10 ~ 15 parts;
Levogyrate alpha-terpineol 2-5 part;
Described production method is smashed at garlic, Dalmatian chrysanthemum, polygonum flaccidum, soapberry fruit, adds 5 ~ 10 times of water, boil 30-50 minute, filter, filter residue adds 3-5 times of water boil 20 minutes again, merges twice filtrate, add rotenone and levogyrate alpha-terpineol mixes, obtain product.
2. the production method of plant source fruit tree insecticide according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described insecticide using method product is diluted stem stalk and the leaf that 300-500 is doubly sprayed on fruit tree, control leaf roller, two spotted spider mite, aphid, lichee stinkbug.
CN201310510743.9A 2013-10-27 2013-10-27 Plant source fruit tree insecticide Active CN103535389B (en)

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