CN103636660B - A kind of for preventing and treating the Environmental-protection particle agent of Sugarcane Pests - Google Patents

A kind of for preventing and treating the Environmental-protection particle agent of Sugarcane Pests Download PDF

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CN103636660B
CN103636660B CN201310608947.6A CN201310608947A CN103636660B CN 103636660 B CN103636660 B CN 103636660B CN 201310608947 A CN201310608947 A CN 201310608947A CN 103636660 B CN103636660 B CN 103636660B
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sugarcane
essential oil
residue
clothianidin
agent
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CN103636660A (en
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温好菊
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Guangdong Zhenge Biotechnology Co ltd
Guangzhou Zhenge Agricultural Science & Technology Co ltd
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ZHAOQING ZHENGE BIOTECHNOLOGY CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of for preventing and treating the Environmental-protection particle agent of Sugarcane Pests, the component that contains following percentage by weight: effective active composition 0.1-10%, auxiliary agent 5%-20%, all the other are filler, filler supplies 100%; Described effective active composition is selected from one or both in clothianidin, phoxim, gamma cyhalothrin, AVM, chlopyrifos, Biphenthrin; Described filler is that aromatic plant extracts the residue after essential oil. Utilize aromatic plant to extract residue after essential oil as agricultural chemicals absorption carrier, utilize its good absorption property, utilize remaining essential oil in residue that insect is had and necessarily walked quickly and kept away and toxic action simultaneously, thereby reach the effect of preventing and treating more efficiently Sugarcane Pests, and residue after extraction essential oil is taking lignin as main, in environment, easily degraded, pollution-free, with respect to other carrier costs not only cost significantly reduce, and more environmental protection, safety, be not subject to resource limitation.

Description

A kind of for preventing and treating the Environmental-protection particle agent of Sugarcane Pests
Technical field:
The present invention relates to control of insect technical field, be specifically related to a kind of for preventing and treating the Environmental-protection particle of Sugarcane PestsAgent.
Background technology:
Sugarcane Pests is of a great variety, and sugarcane production different times is threatened by different insect pests, and sugarcane yield and quality are all hadVery large impact. The insect generally occurring on sugarcane has: sugarcane borer, cockchafer subclass, sugar cane cottony aphid, termite, Sugarcane Thrips, mealybug etc.,Gnaw rhizome and invasion growing point position, cause withered heart seedling, destroy sugarcane stem tissue, sugarcane sugar is reduced, and be prone to windbreakStem or spike top, reduce output, and when serious, the underproduction is more than 20%. Granule is the upper conventional formulation of Sugarcane Pests control, but conventionalGranule uses a large amount of quartz sand, kaolin, imvite, diatomite, clay powder, attapulgite, carclazyte, precipitated calcium carbonate etc.For carrier, both caused a large amount of wastings of resources, increased pesticide cost simultaneously.
Due to the savage harm of Sugarcane Pests, in spraying with fill with root and prevent and treat undesirable in the situation that, sugarcane desinsection particleAgent has become research and development focus, and domestic more existing research institutions and enterprise are at research and production sugarcane granule, and the patent No. is201210407726.8 denominations of invention are " a kind of fertilizer granules of preventing and treating sugarcane moth borer ", disclose one and have killed with anabasineThe medicine fertilizer of the control sugarcane moth borer that worm agent clothianidin or imidaclothiz are insecticidal constituent, carrier is kaolin, imvite, diatomOne or more combinations in soil, clay powder, attapulgite, carclazyte, precipitated calcium carbonate and talcum powder. Application number is201310014350.9 denominations of invention are: " a kind of sugarcane insecticide fertilizer granular formulation and preparation method thereof " discloses a kind of effective one-tenthBe divided into the fertile expenses for medicine granule of medicine of the control Sugarcane Pests of clothianidin and chlopyrifos, with starch, carboxymethyl cellulose, clay, siliconOne in algae soil, carclazyte, kaolin, bentonite or calcium carbonate is as excipient. Application number is 201010515180.9, inventionIt is to utilize anabasine insecticide Diacloden, Imidacloprid or thiacloprid that name is called " containing the sugarcane insecticide of anabasine insecticide "Composite with organophosphorus insecticides, sugarcane cotten aphid, snout moth's larva, thrips and subterranean pest-insect etc. are had to good preventive effect, but should simultaneouslyProduct adopts quartz sand, montmorillonite etc. as carrier in a large number, has wasted resource, has also increased drug cost. Application number is201110293141.3 denominations of invention are: " Synergistic insecticidal compositions that contains clothianidin and Biphenthrin and application thereof " disclosesPesticidal combination and an application thereof taking clothianidin and Biphenthrin as active ingredient, clothianidin and Biphenthrin are composite rear rightHomoptera pest has synergistic effect as trialeurodes vaporariorum, aphid etc., and filler is white carbon, precipitated calcium carbonate, potter's clay, kaolin, siliconOne or more combinations of algae soil, zeolite, talcum powder etc. The patent No. is 201210286737.5, and denomination of invention is " containing thiopheneThe granule of worm amine " to disclose active ingredient be the complex preparation granule of clothianidin, gamma cyhalothrin or Biphenthrin,The carrier of but using is white carbon, diatomite, active carbon kaolin, bentonite, calcium carbonate, urea, ammonium chloride etc.
China has abundant Aromatic Plant Resources, has more than 500 to plant volatile oil plant and be distributed widely in 20 Duo Ge provinces and cities.2005, national essential oil output was 19.8 ten thousand tons, and the provinces such as Guangdong, Guangxi, Jiangxi are China Chinese anise, Chinese cassia tree, eucalyptus, perfume (or spice)The important locality of the aromatic plants such as orange, camphor tree. Plants essential oil extracts the general methods such as distillation, squeezing, extraction that adopt and plants from fragranceExtract at the positions such as the branches and leaves of thing, bark, root, stem, flower, fruit, low boiling, the volatile essential oil class only extracted as a ruleCompound, the recovery rate of essential oil is not high, when conventional steam distillation processing essential oil raw material extraction of essential oil rate be generally 0.1~0.5%, supercritical CO2What extraction yield and solvent flashing extraction recovery rate had reaches 10%, produces a large amount of residues after extraction of essential oil,Also there is most valuable natural materials in residue. Because having that tagging, walks quickly and keeps away etc., plants essential oil aromatics plant itself killsWorm activity, also contains certain active material in the residue after extraction of essential oil, have sterol according to the literature, phosphorus in peppermint residueFat, organic acid, flavonoids, amino acids material. Clore basil, kind leaf, lavender, the plants essential oils such as peppermint extract in rear residueContain Natural Antioxidants vitamin E, flavonoids, sterol etc. Oleum Eucalypti extract residue can be used as growth regulator to multipleThe growth of crops and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control have good effect, and do not pollute and residual toxicity, have very large application and divePower (referring to document: А. Б. С к в o р ц o в а, Л. К. Г у р и н o в и ч, kingdom's beam. after essential oil Raw material processing, waste material combinesClose utilization---the natural products that scenting cosmetics industry is new. " fragrance flavor and cosmetic " 1992.02.). Although after extraction of essential oilResidue can extract other useful compound, but because the factor utilization rates such as equipment requirement is high, processing cost is large are not high quiltArbitrarily abandon, can not get reasonable utilization, cause the wasting of resources and environmental pollution.
Utilize the environment-protecting pesticide granule of the control Sugarcane Pests that the residue after aromatic plant extraction essential oil is carrier, orderFront not report.
Summary of the invention:
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of for preventing and treating the Environmental-protection particle agent of Sugarcane Pests.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical programs:
For preventing and treating an Environmental-protection particle agent for Sugarcane Pests, the component that contains following percentage by weight:
Effective active composition 0.1-10%,
Auxiliary agent 5%-20%,
All the other are filler, and filler supplies 100%;
Described effective active composition is selected from clothianidin, phoxim, gamma cyhalothrin, AVM, chlopyrifos, biphenylOne or both in chrysanthemum ester;
Described filler is that aromatic plant extracts the residue after essential oil, be selected from Chinese cassia tree, camphor tree, eucalyptus, China fir, Chinese anise,One or more in the aromatic plants such as clore basil, peppermint, lemongrass, Chinese ilex extract the residue after essential oil.
Described auxiliary agent is auxiliary agent conventional in agricultural chemicals, comprises cosolvent, emulsifying agent, dispersion moisture agent, bleeding agent, paintedAgent, binding agent.
Described cosolvent is selected from the soybean oil that methylates, biodiesel, turpentine oil, chloroform, methyl alcohol, ethanol, butanols, differentAt least one in amylalcohol, cyclohexanone, ethyl acetate, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), methyl cellosolve.
Described emulsifying agent is selected from laurate APEO, oleic acid polyoxyethylene, AEO, phenethylPhenol polyethenoxy polyethenoxy ether, tween, polyethylene glycol hard fatty acid ester, glycerine fatty acid, castor oil ethylene oxide adduct,One or more in APES formaldehyde condensation products, alkyl benzene calcium sulfonate, alkylnaphthalene sulfonate etc. DescribedEmulsifier is 0.5~10%(percentage by weight), preferably 1%~8%.
Described dispersion moisture agent is selected from sodium lignin sulfonate, calcium lignosulfonate, alkylnaphthalene sulfonate formaldehyde condensation, bayAlcohol polyoxyethylene groups ether sodium sulfate, Negel, naphthalene sulfonic acid-formaldehyde condensation product, methyl oleate, alkylphenol-polyethenoxy baseEther formaldehyde condensation products, alkyl polyoxyethylene ether sulfonate, pull open powder, the withered powder of tea, saponin, lauryl sodium sulfate, dodecylIn benzene sulfonic acid sodium salt one or more.
Described bleeding agent is selected from AEO, APES, poly alkyl alcohol oxyalkyl ether or fatThe condensation product of fat alcohol and oxirane.
Described colouring agent is selected from that famille rose, rigidity are red, red, one in Prussian blue, and consumption is 0.5%~2.0%(percentage by weight).
Described binding agent is selected from least one in starch, polyvinyl alcohol, carboxymethyl cellulose, clay, sucrose.
The Environmental-protection particle agent of the control Sugarcane Pests described in the present invention also provides is as the application of sugarcane insecticide.
The present invention has following beneficial effect:
The present invention utilizes aromatic plant to extract residue after essential oil after simple oven dry, pulverizing, and adsorbs as agricultural chemicalsCarrier, utilizes its good absorption property, utilizes remaining essential oil in residue that insect is had and necessarily walked quickly and kept away and toxic action simultaneously,Thereby reach the effect of preventing and treating more efficiently Sugarcane Pests, and extract residue after essential oil taking lignin as main, in environmentEasily degraded, pollution-free, with respect to other carrier costs not only cost significantly reduce, and more environmental protection, safety, not limit by resourceSystem. Other carriers are such as kaolin, silica flour, montmorillonite, diatomite etc. are non-renewable resources, and not only price is more expensive, andAnd exploit in a large number, can cause environmental pollution, the wasting of resources.
Detailed description of the invention:
Below to further illustrate of the present invention, instead of limitation of the present invention.
The aromatic plants such as Chinese cassia tree, camphor tree, eucalyptus, China fir, Chinese anise, camphor tree, clore basil, peppermint, lemongrass, Chinese ilex addAfter work, residue is all purchased from the Jishui County natural medicinal oil of health god refinery.
Described cosolvent is selected from the soybean oil that methylates, biodiesel, turpentine oil, chloroform, methyl alcohol, ethanol, butanols, differentAt least one in amylalcohol, cyclohexanone, ethyl acetate, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), methyl cellosolve;
Described emulsifying agent is selected from laurate APEO, oleic acid polyoxyethylene, AEO, phenethylPhenol polyethenoxy polyethenoxy ether, tween, polyethylene glycol hard fatty acid ester, glycerine fatty acid, castor oil ethylene oxide adduct,One or more in APES formaldehyde condensation products, alkyl benzene calcium sulfonate, alkylnaphthalene sulfonate etc. DescribedEmulsifier is 0.5~10%(percentage by weight), preferably 1%~8%
Described dispersion moisture agent is selected from sodium lignin sulfonate, calcium lignosulfonate, alkylnaphthalene sulfonate formaldehyde condensation, bayAlcohol polyoxyethylene groups ether sodium sulfate, Negel, naphthalene sulfonic acid-formaldehyde condensation product, methyl oleate, alkylphenol-polyethenoxy baseEther formaldehyde condensation products, alkyl polyoxyethylene ether sulfonate, pull open powder, the withered powder of tea, saponin, lauryl sodium sulfate, dodecylIn benzene sulfonic acid sodium salt one or more.
Described bleeding agent is selected from AEO, APES, poly alkyl alcohol oxyalkyl ether or fatThe condensation product of fat alcohol and oxirane.
Described colouring agent is selected from that famille rose, rigidity are red, red, one in Prussian blue, and consumption is 0.5%~2.0%(percentage by weight).
Described binding agent is selected from least one in starch, polyvinyl alcohol, carboxymethyl cellulose, clay, sucrose.
Embodiment mono-: formulation Example
Formulation Example 11.0% clothianidin granule
Clothianidin 1.0%, amino-oligosaccharide 0.5%, cosolvent 5%, dispersion moisture agent 3%, disintegrant 2.0%, colouring agent2.0%, binding agent 2%, eucalyptus slag supplies 100%.
Formulation Example 22.5% clothianidin granule
Clothianidin 2.5%, brassin lactones 0.01%, cosolvent 5%, dispersion moisture agent 3.0%, disintegrant 5.0%, colouring agent2.0%, binding agent 2.5%, Chinese cassia tree, eucalyptus slag supply 100%.
Formulation Example 310% chlopyrifos granule
Chlopyrifos 10.0%, amino-oligosaccharide 0.5%, cosolvent 7%, dispersion moisture agent 3.5%, disintegrant 2.0%, colouring agent2.0%, binding agent 2.5%, Chinese cassia tree slag supplies 100%.
Formulation Example 43.0% phoxim granule
Phoxim 3.0%, amino-oligosaccharide 0.5%, cosolvent 8%, dispersion moisture agent 4%, disintegrant 3.0%, colouring agent0.5%, binding agent 2.5%, camphor tree slag supplies 100%.
Formulation Example 53.0% Biphenthrin clothianidin granule
Clothianidin 1.0%, Biphenthrin 2.0%, cosolvent 5%, amino-oligosaccharide 0.5%, dispersion moisture agent 5%, disintegrant5.0%, colouring agent 0.5%, binding agent 2.5%, Chinese anise slag supply 100%.
Formulation Example 61.0% clothianidin gamma cyhalothrin granule
Clothianidin 0.5%, gamma cyhalothrin 0.5%, amino-oligosaccharide 0.5%, dispersant wetting agent 6%, cosolvent5.0%, disintegrant 5%, colouring agent 1.0%, binding agent 3%, Chinese cassia tree slag supply 100%.
Formulation Example 73.0% clothianidin gamma cyhalothrin granule
Clothianidin 1.0%, gamma cyhalothrin 2.0%, brassin lactones 0.005%, dispersant wetting agent 4%, cosolvent5.0%, disintegrant 3%, colouring agent 1.0%, binding agent 3%, Chinese cassia tree slag supply 100%.
Formulation Example 83.5% clothianidin chlopyrifos granule
Clothianidin 0.5%, chlopyrifos 3.0%, brassin lactones 0.001%, dispersant wetting agent 5%, cosolvent 5.0%, disintegrationAgent 3%, colouring agent 1.0%, binding agent 5%, China fir, clore basil slag supply 100%.
Formulation Example 910.0% clothianidin chlopyrifos granule
Clothianidin 0.5%, chlopyrifos 9.5%, amino-oligosaccharide 1.0%, dispersant wetting agent 2%, cosolvent 5.0%, disintegrant5%, colouring agent 1.0%, binding agent 5%, peppermint slag supply 100%.
Formulation Example 105.0% clothianidin Abamectin
Clothianidin 1.0%, AVM 4.0%, brassin lactones 0.001%, dispersion moisture agent 5%, cosolvent 5%, colouring agent1.0%, disintegrant 8%, lemongrass slag supply 100%.
Formulation Example 114.0% clothianidin phoxim granule
Clothianidin 0.5%, phoxim 3.5%, brassin lactones 0.001%, dispersion moisture agent 5%, cosolvent 5.5%, colouring agent1.0%, disintegrant 8%, Chinese ilex wood slag supply 100%.
Embodiment bis-, evaluating drug effect test
Evaluating drug effect embodiment 1: toxicity screening
After aromatic plant Raw material processing, residue is to the toxicity of tagging to termite, sugarcane tortoise
Pesticide-clay mixture method is measured the tag toxicity of the rear residue of aromatic plant processing to termite. Mixing soil according to the consumption of 5mg/g uses.Take the arid soil that 100g crosses 60 mesh sieves, admix residue after 0.5g aromatic plant Raw material processing, be placed in the cultivation that diameter is 9cmIn ware (20g/ ware), evenly mat formation. Then 20 termites (work slave: soldier ant=9:1) are put into the culture dish of processing, and putEnter the sugarcane of 3cm left and right, as the food source of termite, drip water and keep moistening. Similarity condition is established blank, each processingIf 3 repetitions are cultivated under room temperature in dark surrounds. Observed and recorded result of the test after processing 48h, 72h. When observation, use tweezersTouch polypide, nymph body and feeler are all reactionless, are judged to death.
The test of sugarcane tortoise contact toxicity is the same, puts into 10 cephalonts in each culture dish, observed and recorded test after processing 48h, 72hResult.
Average mortality (%)=(for the total borer population one of examination borer population alive after treatment)/for the total borer population * 100% of examination.
Check experiment is selected quartz sand, diatomite.
Result of the test is as shown in table 1, and after aromatic plant extracts essential oil, residue has certain contact toxicity, meat to termiteAfter osmanthus, Chinese anise, camphor tree residue treatment 72h, the termite death rate is greater than 15%. After aromatic plant extracts essential oil, residue is to sugarcane tortoiseContact toxicity poor, Chinese cassia tree, lemongrass process after 72h, the death rate of sugarcane tortoise is 10%. Quartz sand and diatomite processing, termite,The death rate of sugarcane tortoise is 0.
The death rate of table 1 different disposal termite, sugarcane tortoise
Evaluating drug effect embodiment 2: field efficacy evaluation test:
Control, the test processing of carrying out sugarcane moth borer, sugarcane tortoise with embodiment 1-4 products obtained therefrom arrange as follows:
Process 11.0% clothianidin granule
Process 22.5% clothianidin granule
Process 310% chlopyrifos granule
Process 43.0% phoxim granule
Contrast 150% clothianidin water dispersible granules
Contrast 215% chlopyrifos granule
Contrast 33% phoxim granule
Above-mentioned processing is used in the time that sugarcane is sowed, and admixes certain proportion sand or earth and imposes in ditch, contrast 1 clothianidin waterDispersible granule, after dilute with water, fills with root and uses, and within after medicine 60 days, 90 days, carries out respectively sugarcane moth borer, sugarcane tortoise situation of the harm tuneLook into, carry out when sugarcane harvesting determination of yield, final statistics is as shown in table 2:
Table 2: Sugarcane Pests control and volume increase field test results statistical form
As known from Table 2: clothianidin, chlopyrifos, phoxim all have certain prevention effect to snout moth's larva, sugarcane tortoise, termite, utilizeDescribed in the embodiment of the present invention, granule is applied to sugarcane field, better to the prevention effect of Sugarcane Pests compared with the control, medicationAfter latter 90 days, sugarcane moth borer, sugarcane tortoise, termite preventive effect, more than 80%, are all greater than to contrast. Because wood chip suction-operated is strong, slow downActive ingredient discharges, and drug effect is sustainable more than 90 days, and whole dispenser breeding time of sugarcane 1 time, saves labour cost greatly.
With the composite product of embodiment 5-11 gained carry out sugarcane aphid, scale insect thrips control, test process arrange asUnder:
Process 13.0% Biphenthrin clothianidin granule (1:3)
Process 21.0% clothianidin gamma cyhalothrin granule (1:1)
Process 33.0% clothianidin gamma cyhalothrin granule (1:2)
Process 43.5% clothianidin chlopyrifos granule (1:6)
Process 510.0% clothianidin chlopyrifos granule (1:19)
Process 65.0% clothianidin Abamectin (1:4)
Process 74.0% clothianidin phoxim granule (1:7)
Contrast 13% carbofuran granule
Above-mentioned processing is used in the time that sugarcane is sowed, and admixes certain proportion sand or earth and imposes in ditch, after medicine 30 days, 60 daysCarry out respectively sugarcane aphid, scale insect, the investigation of thrips situation of the harm, carry out determination of yield, final statistics when sugarcane harvestingAs shown in table 3:
Table 3: Sugarcane Pests control and volume increase field test results statistical form
As known from Table 3: utilize granule described in the embodiment of the present invention, be applied to sugarcane field, compare with contrasting medicament, rightSugarcane aphid, scale insect thrips all has good preventive effect, wherein 3.0% Biphenthrin clothianidin granule (1:3), 1.0%Clothianidin gamma cyhalothrin granule (1:1), 3.5% clothianidin chlopyrifos granule (1:6), 4.0% clothianidinPhoxim granule (1:7) reaches more than 90% the preventive effect of sugarcane aphid, 3.0% Biphenthrin clothianidin granule (1:3)To 30 days preventive effects of thrips be 96.7%, 60 day 90.89% all higher than contrast. Regulate sugarcane production, strengthen resistance, have certainProduction-increasing function.

Claims (2)

1. for preventing and treating an Environmental-protection particle agent for Sugarcane Pests, it is characterized in that the component that contains following percentage by weight:
Effective active composition 0.1-10%,
Auxiliary agent 5%-20%,
All the other are filler, and filler supplies 100%;
Described effective active composition is selected from clothianidin, phoxim, gamma cyhalothrin, AVM, chlopyrifos, BiphenthrinIn one or both; Described filler is that aromatic plant extracts the residue after essential oil; Described aromatic plant be selected from Chinese cassia tree, camphor tree,One or more in eucalyptus, China fir, Chinese anise, clore basil, peppermint, lemongrass, Chinese ilex.
2. the Environmental-protection particle agent of control Sugarcane Pests claimed in claim 1 is as the application of sugarcane insecticide.
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