CN1175741C - Pure plant disease treatment insecticide and its producing method - Google Patents

Pure plant disease treatment insecticide and its producing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1175741C
CN1175741C CNB011295104A CN01129510A CN1175741C CN 1175741 C CN1175741 C CN 1175741C CN B011295104 A CNB011295104 A CN B011295104A CN 01129510 A CN01129510 A CN 01129510A CN 1175741 C CN1175741 C CN 1175741C
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pure plant
gram
plant disease
disease treating
insecticide
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CN1326679A (en
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丁小武
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丁小武
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/30Against vector-borne diseases, e.g. mosquito-borne, fly-borne, tick-borne or waterborne diseases whose impact is exacerbated by climate change

Abstract

The present invention relates to a pure plant disease treating insecticide and a producing method thereof, which belongs to a technology of disease treating insecticide formulas. The pure plant disease treating insecticide is prepared by mixing pure plant powder and water according to a proportion of 1 to 3. The pure plant materials have the components of the following proportion: 3 to 6 % of glossy privet fruit, climbing groundsel herb, garlic, coriaria sinica, purslane herb, european verbena, plantago and water pepper, 2 to 5 % of rhizoma acori calami, arborvitae leaf and scutellaria root, 1 to 2 % of bittersweet herb and shorttube lycoris bulb, 6 to 8 % of aconitum kusmezoffii, 4 to 6 % of periploca sepium, pyrethrum, croton and hellebore, 1 to 3 % of blackberrylily rhizome and 5 to 10 % of tobacco. The weight proportion of each component of the pure plant materials to cooling water is 1 to 3. The pure plant disease treating insecticide of the present invention is prepared by a method that the pure plant materials are soaked for 15 minutes; the temperature is kept at about 80 DEG C for 20 minutes after the pure plant materials are boiled; an obtained liquid is filtered. Compared with the prior art, the pure plant disease treating insecticide has the obvious advantage of no toxic and side effect due to the adoption of a pure plant preparation; besides, due to the characteristics of special components of various plants, the pure plant disease treating insecticide is a broad-spectrum pure plant disease treating insecticide with multiple purposes of killing insects, preventing insects, curing diseases, preventing diseases, dressing seeds, pouring roots, serving as organic fertilizer, etc.

Description

Pure plant disease treatment insecticide and preparation method thereof
The present invention relates to a kind of pure plant disease treatment insecticide and preparation method thereof, especially for desinsection, diseases prevention, cure the disease, soak seed and irritate a kind of pure plant disease treatment insecticide of root.
Existing various agricultural chemicals all has stronger toxicity and side effect, vegetables, flowers, tealeaves, use these to have the agricultural chemicals of toxic and side effect on woods fruit and the crops, its toxic ingredient to some extent can be by the soil, grain, vegetables, flowers, absorption such as tealeaves and melon and fruit, cause the soil, residual in water source and the biology, though people are at edible grain, all wash with water as vegetables etc. are last, but because toxic component has entered fruit inside, therefore only washing can not the full scale clearance toxic ingredient, this also is the one of the main reasons that causes human various diseases, in addition, the use of organic phosphor chemical fertilizer, brought disease because of suffering to the mankind more, in the today of advocating pollution-free food has been the use that pure plant disease treatment insecticide replaces poisonous agricultural chemicals and reduces chemical fertilizer, is that the task of top priority is imperative.
The objective of the invention is in order to overcome the weak point in the above-mentioned existing technology, and provide a kind of and be widely used in desinsection, insect protected, cure the disease, diseases prevention, filling root, seed soaking, can play the effect of organic manure simultaneously, belong to the pure plant disease treatment insecticide of plant character.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: this pure plant disease treatment insecticide is pulverized the back by plant and is mixed by 1: 3 with cold water, soaks 15 minutes, heat to boil afterwards temperature and remained on about 80 ℃ 20 minutes, filters gained liquid then.Wherein various plant material each component percentage by weights are:
Fruit of glossy privet 6-8% climbing groundsel 6-8% garlic 6-8% Coriaria sinica 6-8%
6-8% crotons 6-8% rhizoma calami 5-8% before the kitchen garden 6-8% car
Verbena officinalis 5-8% water pepper 5-8% bittersweet 5-8% north rhizome of Chinese monkshood 5-8%
Short-tube lycoris 4-6% periploca spium 4-6% arbor-vitae 4-6% Dalmatian chrysanthemum 4-6%
Blackberry lily 3-6% tobacco 3-6% root of large-flowered skullcap 3-6% black false hellebore 3-6%.
The present invention compared with prior art, because its raw material is the mixture of twenties kinds of pure natural plants and water, its tangible advantage is exactly nontoxic, because various pure natural plants have different architectural characteristics respectively, therefore determined the present invention be a kind ofly have desinsection, insect protected, cure the disease, diseases prevention, seed soaking, filling root, as multi-purpose wide spectrum class vegetable insecticides such as organic manure.Simultaneously, vegetables, tealeaves, woods fruit and the grain etc. of using pure plant disease treatment insecticide of the present invention by the people edible after, can not bring any disease because of suffering to the mankind.
The fruit of glossy privet: belong to green arbor, contain smelly ant aldehyde glucoside, nuzhenide, olive glucoside, can kill cotten aphid, vegetable aphid and cabbage caterpillar etc.
Climbing groundsel: belong to feverfew, contain chromocor compound, phenolic substance organic acid and tannin chrysanthemum flavine, can kill aphid, maggot, wriggler etc.
Garlic: belong to herbaceous plant for many years, contain garlic aminoacid, allicin and cycloalliin, can kill various pests, prevent and treat rust, mashed sick, angular leaf spot and pyreticosis etc.
Coriaria sinica: belong to shrub, contain coriarine, gallate-based, Kaempferol and Coriatin, can kill various pests, the sticking germ spore of zonate leaf spot disease and top, late blight spore-germination are suppressed.
Kitchen garden: belong to herbaceos perennial, contain phenolic substance, amino acid and other nitrogen substances and a large amount of potassium ion, alkaloid, cardiac glycoside and anthraquinones etc., can kill various pests, control late disease bacteria, stem rust of wheat bacterium.
Verbena officinalis: belong to herbaceos perennial, contain venbenalin, pinanol, gland glucoside and tannin, but pest control, prevent and treat rust, late blight.
Crotons: belong to long-term arbor, contain croton oil, crotonosine, crotonoside, can kill various pests and prevent and treat forest and vegetables on the software insect, the leaf rust bacterium is suppressed.
Before the car: belong to herbaceos perennial, contain plantagin, Aucubin, choline, but killing aphids, two spotted spider mite, wriggler and software insect.
Rhizoma calami: belong to herbaceos perennial, contain α-asarone, beta-Asarone, calamus enediol, acolamone.Can kill various pests, control late disease bacteria, verticillium wilt pathogen.
Water pepper: belong to the annual herb plant, contain methoxyl group anthraquinone, benzofuran compounds, can kill various pests, prevent and treat rust, the uncommon disease of bar and wheat leaf rust uredospore germinate and suppress.
Bittersweet: belong to the herbaceous perennial vine plant, contain the bittersweet alkaloid, can kill cotten aphid, vegetable aphid, cabbage caterpillar.
Tobacco: belong to the annual herb plant, contain 14 kinds of alkaloids, content 1%-9% can prevent and treat various pests, and puccinia graminis germ and leaf rust are suppressed.
Black false hellebore: belong to herbaceos perennial, contain total alkaloids amount 1%-2%, can kill various pests, rhizoctonia rot of cotton is suppressed.
The pure plant disease treatment insecticide of the present invention use of can soaking seed can be played strong, short long, the diseases prevention of seedling to crop; Irritate root and can prevent killing soil insect and drought resisting; Spray to use and can prevent and treat leaf disease, as rust, head blight, powdery mildew, brown rot, leaf-curl, black spot etc., sprinkling controlling object in period is as follows:
Greengrocery: discovery leaf disease and insects can be sprayed, but as the anosis sprinkling insect protected of no worm, diseases prevention.
Wheat and paddy rice: spray before and after the heading and can prevent rust, head blight, powdery mildew, rice blast, rice blast.
Sprayed in cotton: 5-7 days and can prevent and treat cotten aphid, two spotted spider mite, cotton gold brill and other insects, can prevent and treat angular leaf spot of cotton, cotton anthracnose, the brightly yellowish diseases such as the germ spore suppresses, the sticking sick spore-germination inhibition of cotton seedling zonate leaf spot disease and top of withering of cotton.
Apple: control tetranychids, brown rot are sprayed in after the rudiment or 2 week backs, bloom preceding or fallen flowers after can control from the powder disease in 12 days, the back sprinkling of bearing fruit can autonomous codling moth, the resting stage sprinkling can prevent and treat rot.
Citrus: germination period to the fruit phase sprays and can prevent and treat tetranychid, worm, embroidery tick, rust.
Pears: the sprinkling of vernalization phase can prevent and treat leaf-curl, scab, desinsection.
Peach: the sprinkling of vernalization phase can prevent and treat leaf-curl, scab, desinsection.
Tealeaves: germination period to the picking period can be killed oily gross tea worm, tea caterpillar, be prevented and treated powdery mildew.
Potato: the back sprinkling of emerging can be killed soil insect, potato rot, the inhibition of phytophthora infestans spore-germination.
In addition, because the present invention is a pure plant disease treatment insecticide, and also with low cost, therefore can repeatedly spray, be extensive use of, generally can about 20 days, spray once.
State the present invention below in conjunction with the detailed speed of embodiment.
The optimum weight percentage of pure its raw material of galenical among the present invention:
The fruit of glossy privet 5% Verbena officinalis 5% arbor-vitae 4% northern rhizome of Chinese monkshood 8%
Preceding 5% root of large-flowered skullcap of climbing groundsel 5% car 4% Dalmatian chrysanthemum 6%
Garlic 5% water pepper 5% bittersweet 2% crotons 6%
Coriaria sinica 5% periploca spium 5% short-tube lycoris 2% black false hellebore 6%
Kitchen garden 5% rhizoma calami 4% blackberry lily 3% tobacco 10%
Take by weighing by above-mentioned prescription
The fruit of glossy privet 30 gram climbing groundsels 30 gram garlics 30 gram Coriaria sinicas 30 grams
The preceding 30 gram water peppers of kitchen garden 30 gram Verbena officinalis, 30 gram cars 30 grams
The northern rhizome of Chinese monkshood 48 grams of each 30 gram rhizoma calamis, 24 gram bittersweets, 12 gram of periploca spium
Short-tube lycoris 12 gram arbor-vitaes 24 gram Dalmatian chrysanthemums 36 gram blackberry lilys 18 grams
The crotons 36 gram tobaccos 60 gram roots of large-flowered skullcap 24 gram black false hellebores 36 grams, pulverizing the back soaked 15 minutes by 1: 3 with cold water, the heating boil the back temperature remain on 80 the degree about 20 minutes, filter gained liquid then and both made pure plant disease treatment insecticide of the present invention.But thin up when using pure plant disease treatment insecticide finished product of the present invention.
Purpose of the present invention can also realize by the following embodiment of being:
Raw material weight percentages such as following table in the pure galenical
Material name Percentage by weight (%)
One group Two groups Three groups Four groups
The fruit of glossy privet 5 4 6 3
Climbing groundsel 5 4 6 3
Garlic 5 3 4 3
Coriaria sinica 5 6 7 8
Kitchen garden 5 4 3 4
Verbena officinalis 5 6 4 4
Before the car 5 6 7 8
Rhizoma calami 4 5 6 7
Water pepper 5 6 7 8
Bittersweet 2 2 2 2
The north rhizome of Chinese monkshood 8 9 10 11
Short-tube lycoris 2 2 2 2
Periploca spium 5 6 4 6
Arbor-vitae 4 3 2 2
Remove the chrysanthemum worm 6 7 8 9
Blackberry lily 3 2 2 2
Crotons 6 6 4 4
Tobacco 10 9 8 7
The root of large-flowered skullcap 4 4 3 3
Black false hellebore 6 6 5 4
Take by weighing four groups of raw materials respectively by the last table four assembly sides that give, they are: first group:
The fruit of glossy privet 30 gram climbing groundsels 30 gram kitchen gardens 30 gram garlics 30 grams
The preceding 30 gram water peppers of Coriaria sinica 30 gram Verbena officinalis, 30 gram cars 30 grams
Periploca spium 30 gram rhizoma calamis 12 gram arbor-vitaes 12 gram bittersweets 12 grams
The northern rhizome of Chinese monkshood 48 gram Dalmatian chrysanthemums of the short-tube lycoris 12 gram roots of large-flowered skullcap 24 grams 36 grams
Crotons 36 gram black false hellebores 36 gram blackberry lilys 18 gram tobaccos 60 grams
Various pure plants add up to weight 600 grams.
Second group:
The fruit of glossy privet 24 gram climbing groundsels 24 gram kitchen gardens 24 gram roots of large-flowered skullcap 24 grams
Garlic 18 gram arbor-vitaes 18 gram Coriaria sinicas 36 gram Verbena officinalis 36 grams
The preceding 36 gram water peppers of car 36 gram periploca spiums 36 gram crotons 36 grams
Black false hellebore 36 gram rhizoma calamis 30 gram bittersweets 12 gram blackberry lilys 12 grams
The northern rhizome of Chinese monkshood 54 gram tobaccos of short-tube lycoris 12 grams 54 gram Dalmatian chrysanthemums 42 grams
Various pure plants add up to weight 600 grams.
The 3rd group:
The fruit of glossy privet 36 gram climbing groundsels 36 gram rhizoma calamis 36 gram garlics 24 grams
Verbena officinalis 24 gram periploca spiums 24 gram crotons 24 gram Coriaria sinicas 42 grams
The preceding 42 gram water peppers of the car 42 gram kitchen gardens 18 gram roots of large-flowered skullcap 18 grams
Bittersweet 12 gram short-tube lycoris 12 gram arbor-vitaes 12 gram blackberry lilys 12 grams
The north rhizome of Chinese monkshood 60 gram Dalmatian chrysanthemums 48 gram tobaccos 48 gram black false hellebores 30 grams
Various pure plants add up to weight 600 grams.
The 4th group:
The fruit of glossy privet 18 gram climbing groundsels 18 gram garlics 18 gram roots of large-flowered skullcap 18 grams
The preceding 48 gram water peppers of Coriaria sinica 48 gram cars 48 gram kitchen gardens 24 grams
Verbena officinalis 24 gram black false hellebores 24 gram crotons 24 gram rhizoma calamis 42 grams
Tobacco 42 gram bittersweets 12 gram blackberry lilys 12 gram arbor-vitaes 12 grams
The northern rhizome of Chinese monkshood 66 gram periploca spiums of short-tube lycoris 12 grams 36 gram Dalmatian chrysanthemums 54 grams
Various pure plants add up to weight 600 grams.
Press preparation method described in the most preferred embodiment, pulverize the back and mixes by 1: 3 with cold water and soaked 15 minutes, heat boil after temperature remain on 80 spend about 20 minutes, filter gained liquid then and both made pure plant disease treatment insecticide of the present invention.But thin up when using pure plant disease treatment insecticide finished product of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. pure plant disease treatment insecticide is characterized in that forming (percentage by weight) by following component:
Before the fruit of glossy privet, climbing groundsel, garlic, Coriaria sinica, kitchen garden, Verbena officinalis, the car, water pepper
Each 3-6%, rhizoma calami, arbor-vitae, each 2-5% of the root of large-flowered skullcap, bittersweet, each 1-2% of short-tube lycoris,
North rhizome of Chinese monkshood 6-8%, periploca spium, Dalmatian chrysanthemum, crotons, each 4-6% of black false hellebore, blackberry lily 1-3%,
Tobacco 5-10%.
2. according to the described pure plant disease treatment insecticide of claim 1, it is characterized in that each component percentage by weight the best is:
The fruit of glossy privet 5%, climbing groundsel 5%, garlic 5%, Coriaria sinica 5%, kitchen garden 5%, Verbena officinalis
5%, preceding 5%, the rhizoma calami 4% of car, water pepper 5%, bittersweet 2%, the northern rhizome of Chinese monkshood 8%, short-tube lycoris
2%, periploca spium 5%, arbor-vitae 4%, Dalmatian chrysanthemum 6%, blackberry lily 3%, crotons 6%, tobacco 10%,
The root of large-flowered skullcap 4%, black false hellebore 6%.
CNB011295104A 2001-06-22 2001-06-22 Pure plant disease treatment insecticide and its producing method Expired - Fee Related CN1175741C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN1175741C true CN1175741C (en) 2004-11-17

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