CN103609618A - Tea pollution-free pesticide - Google Patents

Tea pollution-free pesticide Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103609618A
CN103609618A CN201310523478.8A CN201310523478A CN103609618A CN 103609618 A CN103609618 A CN 103609618A CN 201310523478 A CN201310523478 A CN 201310523478A CN 103609618 A CN103609618 A CN 103609618A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
tea
kilograms
tealeaves
terpineol
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310523478.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈箭
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GUIPING XISHAN TEA PLANTATION
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GUIPING XISHAN TEA PLANTATION
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Priority to CN201310523478.8A priority Critical patent/CN103609618A/en
Publication of CN103609618A publication Critical patent/CN103609618A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/30Against vector-borne diseases, e.g. mosquito-borne, fly-borne, tick-borne or waterborne diseases whose impact is exacerbated by climate change

Abstract

The invention provides a tea pollution-free pesticide and a production method thereof. The pesticide comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 20 to 30 parts of garlic, 20 to 30 parts of pepper, 20 to 30 parts of ciderage, 10 to 15 parts of neem leaf, 5 to 10 parts of soap nut, and 2 to 5 parts of alpha-(L)-terpineol. The preparation method comprises the following steps: grinding big garlics, peppers, neem leaves, ciderage, and soap nuts, then mixing the materials together, adding water with an amount of 5 to 10 times of the mixture weight, boiling for 30 to 50 minutes, filtering, adding water with an amount of 3 to 5 times of the dreg weight into the filter residue, boiling for 20 minutes, mixing the two times filtrates together, adding alpha-(L)-terpineol into the mixed filtrate, and evenly mixing so as to obtain the product. The product can be diluted by 300 to 500 times and then sprayed onto tea leaves so as to prevent and treat insects such as euproctis pseudoconspersa strand, ectropis oblique, tea aphid, and cutworm.

Description

Tealeaves environmental-pollution insecticide
Technical field
The present invention relates to the insecticide that the harmless plant of a kind of use is made, particularly tealeaves environmental-pollution insecticide.Can effectively prevent and treat the insects such as tea caterpillar, tea geometrid, two spotted spider mite, tea aphid, cutworm.
Background technology
Tea planting than a lot of crop geneticss all than being easier to, implantation methods generally comprises whole ground, fertilising, field management, beta pruning, damage by disease and insect and the step such as prevents and kill off, wherein to prevent and kill off be a process of outbalance to damage by disease and insect, and modal insect is tea caterpillar, tea geometrid, two spotted spider mite, tea aphid and cutworm etc.; Tea caterpillar, tea geometrid, two spotted spider mite are the most serious with July to September, normal moth food tealeaves, sprig and young sprout, and sprig skin is withered after being eaten, dead after seedling is killed, has a strong impact on the growth of tealeaves.Aphid is gathered on bud, tender leaf or the spray of plant more, is ceaselessly sucking juice, killed plant branches and leaves jaundice distortion, and when serious, plant wither is dead.The rhizome of cutworm harm tealeaves, special autumn and winter season, cutworm gnaws rhizome makes the whole strain of tealeaves dead.
But because current peasants are for convenient and quick, mostly use agricultural chemicals, when having sprayed the agricultural chemicals that has residual toxin, will cause having the agricultural chemicals of residual toxin to work the mischief to our health, so, advocate and use non-toxic and non-pollution insecticide, Tea planting is just become to extremely important.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of tealeaves environmental-pollution insecticide, make it to plant out without agricultural chemicals, without hormone and the tealeaves that pollutes without chemicals.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A tealeaves environmental-pollution insecticide, its raw material and parts by weight comprise:
20~30 parts of garlics;
20~30 parts, capsicum;
20~30 parts of polygonum flaccidums;
10~15 parts of bitter fruit leafs;
Soapberry fruit 5-10 part;
Levogyrate alpha-terpineol 2-5 part.
Above-described tealeaves environmental-pollution insecticide, its production method is by garlic, capsicum, polygonum flaccidum, bitter fruit leaf, soapberry is really smashed, and adds 5~10 times of water, boil 30-50 minute, filter, filter residue adds 3-5 times of water boil 20 minutes again, merges filtrate twice, add levogyrate alpha-terpineol to mix, obtain product.
The using method of described tealeaves environmental-pollution insecticide is that product is diluted around the cauline leaf and root that 300-500 is doubly sprayed on tea tree, the insects such as control tea caterpillar, tea geometrid, tea aphid, cutworm.
In described raw material, garlic and capsicum are vegetables common on our dining table, need not explain here.
Polygonum flaccidum ( polygonum hydropiper L.) genus polygonaceae ( polygonaceae) Polygonum ( polygonum L.) a kind of Chinese traditional herbs , China most areas of annual herb plant ,Shi China have distribution, be the plant that a kind of resource is very abundant; Polygonum flaccidum is to insect, and such as looper, cutworm etc., has very strong food refusal, deterrent effect, be developed as a kind of novel vegetable insecticide, when using as Chinese medicine, polygonum flaccidum is for dysentery, have loose bowels, acute tonsillitis, malaria, arthralgia due to wind-dampness, treating swelling and pain by traumatic injury, uterine bleeding, the carbuncle furunculosis that swells, scrofula, venomous snake bite, eczema, the ringworm of the foot, traumatism and bleeding.
Bitter fruit leaf, Latin formal name used at school: melia azedarach L,be Meliaceae deciduous tree plant leaf, high 10-20m, is born in wilderness or roadside, often cultivates after room anterior chamber.This plant grows rapidly on moistening fertile soil, not tight to soil requirement, in acid soil, neutral soil and In Limestone Area, all can grow, and be the good reproducting tree species of Plain and low height above sea level hills area, wing other plantation in village's is more suitable.Margosa is that material is used plant, is also medicinal plant, and its flower, leaf, fruit, root skin all can be used as medicine.Be widely distributed in Tropical Asian and subtropical zone, also there is cultivation Temperate Region in China.Azedarach: with the bark of plant and the root skin bitter that is used as medicine; Cold in nature; Poisonous desinsection; Treat tinea.Folium Meliae: with the leaf of the plant bitter that is used as medicine; Cold in nature; Poisonous heat-clearing and damp-drying drug; Killing parasites to relieve itshing; Promoting qi circulation and relieving pain.Use bitter fruit leaf need not get bark, needn't fall trees.
Above-described soapberry fruit, claims again the fruit of washing one's hands, Latin plant animal mineral name: sapindusmukorossiGaertn,be distributed in East China, in reach southwest in the south, there is wild and plantation in a lot of places, soaking the aqueous solution has foam, can be used as surfactant, the fruit soak of washing one's hands separately can also play desinsection and anthelmintic action.
Levogyrate alpha-terpineol, Chinese another name: terpineol, to take turpentine oil as raw material, at sulfuric acid, add a small amount of average emulsifier that adds as, under normal temperature, carry out hydration reaction, main component firpene in turpentine oil is generated after terpini hydras, through the thick terpineol that dewaters to obtain, through fractionation, make terpineol, then by chiral separation, go out left-handed and dextrorotation product.Levogyrate alpha-terpineol Shi Cong Guangxi Chemical Inst. that the present invention adopts buys.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
1, the material composition of insecticide of the present invention is nontoxic, and noresidue is nuisanceless, and production method is simple, and cost is low, easy to use.
2, insecticide of the present invention is to can effectively preventing and treating the insects such as tea caterpillar, tea geometrid, two spotted spider mite, tea aphid, cutworm, and one time killing rate reaches more than 80%; Killing rate to tea caterpillar, tea geometrid, tea aphid and two spotted spider mite reaches more than 75%; Cutworm killing rate is reached more than 85%, and there is no resistance to medical, can use by 3-5, and some agricultural chemicals, even highly toxic pesticide, maximum Second Years, insect has just adapted to the property of medicine, double just can produce effect.
3, the fruit soak of washing one's hands is not only the effect of surfactant, and use can also be played desinsection and anthelmintic action separately.The inventor with directly anti-the eliminating aphis of fruit soak of washing one's hands, also has the rate of preventing and kill off of 50% left and right separately.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Choose 20 kilograms of garlics, 20 kilograms, capsicum, 10 kilograms of bitter fruit leafs, 20 kilograms of polygonum flaccidums, 5 kilograms of soapberry fruits, smash above-mentioned material, by whole dose weight, add the water of 6 times, boil half an hour, filter, filter residue adds 5 times of water boils 20 minutes again, merges filtrate twice, adds 2 kilograms of levogyrate alpha-terpineols, mix, obtain product, dilute 300 times of sprinklings, be used for preventing and treating tea caterpillar, control rate reaches 75%.
Embodiment 2
Choose 25 kilograms of garlics, 30 kilograms, capsicum, 23 kilograms of polygonum flaccidums, 12 kilograms of bitter fruit leafs, 7 kilograms of soapberry fruits, smash above-mentioned material, by whole dose weight, add the water of 8 times, boil half an hour, filter, filter residue adds 5 times of water boils 20 minutes again, merges filtrate twice, adds 3 kilograms of levogyrate alpha-terpineols, mix, obtain product, dilute 500 times of sprinklings, be used for preventing and treating two spotted spider mite, tea aphid, control rate reaches 85%.
Embodiment 3
Choose 28 kilograms of garlics, 25 kilograms, capsicum, 13 kilograms of bitter fruit leafs, 28 kilograms of polygonum flaccidums, 8 kilograms of soapberry fruits, smash above-mentioned material, by whole dose weight, add the water of 8 times, boil 40 minutes, filter, filter residue adds 5 times of water boils 20 minutes again, merges filtrate twice, adds 4 kilograms of levogyrate alpha-terpineols, mix, obtain product, dilute 500 times of sprinklings, be sprayed on the insects such as tealeaves root control cutworm, control rate reaches 88%.
Embodiment 4
Choose 28 kilograms of garlics, 28 kilograms, capsicum, 13 kilograms of bitter fruit leafs, 30 kilograms of polygonum flaccidums, 6 kilograms of soapberry fruits, smash above-mentioned material, by whole dose weight, add the water of 10 times, boil half an hour, filter, filter residue adds 5 times of water boils 20 minutes again, merge filtrate twice, add 5 kilograms of levogyrate alpha-terpineols, mix, obtain product, dilute 500 times of sprinklings, for preventing and treating the insects such as tea caterpillar, one time control rate reaches 67%, every 2 days, sprays for the second time later, and control rate reaches 87%.
Embodiment 5
Choose 30 kilograms of garlics, 20 kilograms, capsicum, 15 kilograms of bitter fruit leafs, 25 kilograms of polygonum flaccidums, 10 kilograms of soapberry fruits, smash above-mentioned material, by whole dose weight, add the water of 5 times, boil half an hour, filter, filter residue adds 5 times of water boils 20 minutes again, merges filtrate twice, adds 2 kilograms of levogyrate alpha-terpineols, mix, obtain product, dilute 400 times of sprinklings, mix, the two spotted spider mite on control tealeaves, control rate reaches 80%.
Embodiment 6
Choose 24 kilograms of garlics, 25 kilograms, capsicum, 13 kilograms of bitter fruit leafs, 25 kilograms of polygonum flaccidums, 8 kilograms of soapberry fruits, smash above-mentioned material, by whole dose weight, add the water of 8 times, boil: 50 minutes, filter, filter residue adds 5 times of water boils 15 minutes again, merges filtrate twice, adds 3 kilograms of levogyrate alpha-terpineols, mix, obtain product, dilute 350 times of sprinklings, the two spotted spider mite and the tealeaves root that are sprayed on tealeaves are prevented and treated the insects such as cutworm, and control rate reaches 85%.
The present invention and chemical pesticide 40% omethoate emulsifiable solution 1000-2000 doubly, once prevent and treat the comparative test of tea caterpillar, tea geometrid, two spotted spider mite, tea aphid, cutworm: the results are shown in following table 1:
Table 1:
From above-mentioned, embodiment of the present invention 1-5 is slightly poorer than flolimat separately to the integral body control of tea caterpillar, tea geometrid, two spotted spider mite, tea aphid and cutworm, but owing to not poisoning and not polluting, not residual, or be worth using, if once do not eliminated destructive insects, can spray 2-3 time, just have better effects.

Claims (3)

1. a tealeaves environmental-pollution insecticide, is characterized in that, its raw material and parts by weight are as follows:
20~30 parts of garlics;
20~30 parts, capsicum;
20~30 parts of polygonum flaccidums;
10~15 parts of bitter fruit leafs;
Soapberry fruit 5-10 part;
Levogyrate alpha-terpineol 2-5 part.
2. tealeaves environmental-pollution insecticide claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: production method is by garlic, capsicum, bitter fruit leaf, polygonum flaccidum, soapberry is really smashed, and adds 5~10 times of water, boil 30-50 minute, filter, filter residue adds 3-5 times of water boil 20 minutes again, merges filtrate twice, add levogyrate alpha-terpineol to mix, obtain product.
3. tealeaves environmental-pollution insecticide claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: using method is that product is diluted around the cauline leaf and root that 300-500 is doubly sprayed on tea tree, the insects such as control tea caterpillar, tea geometrid, tea aphid, cutworm.
CN201310523478.8A 2013-10-30 2013-10-30 Tea pollution-free pesticide Pending CN103609618A (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104146009A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-11-19 卞佳林 Composite insecticide special for fruit trees and preparation method for composite insecticide
CN104206574A (en) * 2014-10-11 2014-12-17 谢达国 Production method for organic miraflor green tea
CN104222392A (en) * 2014-10-11 2014-12-24 谢达国 Organic miraflor black tea preparation method
CN104222393A (en) * 2014-10-11 2014-12-24 张聪聪 Organic miraflor dark green loose tea preparing method
CN104642411A (en) * 2015-02-03 2015-05-27 刘晓 Pollution-free insecticide for tea tree
CN105248202A (en) * 2015-11-20 2016-01-20 黄乃宁 Method for controlling ceratovacuna lanigera
CN106106569A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-11-16 潜山县富源科技有限公司 A kind of diseases and pests of tea tree control agent and preparation method thereof
CN106922758A (en) * 2017-03-13 2017-07-07 李章� A kind of efficient pesticides
CN107484783A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-12-19 浦江县合洪园艺研发有限公司 Edible apple fruit tree method for producing insecticide
CN107788033A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-03-13 江西省长实竹子科技有限公司 One vegetative insecticide and preparation method thereof
CN107927010A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-04-20 大新县科学技术情报研究所 A kind of Chinese olive tree nutritive insecticidal injection drying agent and preparation method thereof
CN107996634A (en) * 2018-01-08 2018-05-08 江西省农业科学院园艺研究所 A kind of method using plants essential oil prevention and control ash ectropis obliqua
CN108077329A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-05-29 大新县科学技术情报研究所 A kind of lemon nutritive insecticidal injection drying agent and preparation method thereof
CN108112639A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-06-05 大新县科学技术情报研究所 A kind of jujube tree nutritive insecticidal injection drying agent and preparation method thereof
CN110663707A (en) * 2019-11-06 2020-01-10 贵州省仁怀市小叶茶种植开发有限公司 Biological pesticide for tea and preparation method thereof

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104146009A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-11-19 卞佳林 Composite insecticide special for fruit trees and preparation method for composite insecticide
CN104206574B (en) * 2014-10-11 2016-08-17 谢达国 The manufacture method of organic Flos Aglaiae Odoratae green tea
CN104206574A (en) * 2014-10-11 2014-12-17 谢达国 Production method for organic miraflor green tea
CN104222392A (en) * 2014-10-11 2014-12-24 谢达国 Organic miraflor black tea preparation method
CN104222393A (en) * 2014-10-11 2014-12-24 张聪聪 Organic miraflor dark green loose tea preparing method
CN104642411A (en) * 2015-02-03 2015-05-27 刘晓 Pollution-free insecticide for tea tree
CN105248202A (en) * 2015-11-20 2016-01-20 黄乃宁 Method for controlling ceratovacuna lanigera
CN105248202B (en) * 2015-11-20 2018-03-27 黄乃宁 A kind of method for preventing and treating sugar cane cottony aphid worm
CN106106569A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-11-16 潜山县富源科技有限公司 A kind of diseases and pests of tea tree control agent and preparation method thereof
CN106922758A (en) * 2017-03-13 2017-07-07 李章� A kind of efficient pesticides
CN107484783A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-12-19 浦江县合洪园艺研发有限公司 Edible apple fruit tree method for producing insecticide
CN107788033A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-03-13 江西省长实竹子科技有限公司 One vegetative insecticide and preparation method thereof
CN107927010A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-04-20 大新县科学技术情报研究所 A kind of Chinese olive tree nutritive insecticidal injection drying agent and preparation method thereof
CN108077329A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-05-29 大新县科学技术情报研究所 A kind of lemon nutritive insecticidal injection drying agent and preparation method thereof
CN108112639A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-06-05 大新县科学技术情报研究所 A kind of jujube tree nutritive insecticidal injection drying agent and preparation method thereof
CN107996634A (en) * 2018-01-08 2018-05-08 江西省农业科学院园艺研究所 A kind of method using plants essential oil prevention and control ash ectropis obliqua
CN107996634B (en) * 2018-01-08 2020-06-23 江西省农业科学院园艺研究所 Method for preventing and controlling gray tea leaf miner by using plant essential oil
CN110663707A (en) * 2019-11-06 2020-01-10 贵州省仁怀市小叶茶种植开发有限公司 Biological pesticide for tea and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20140305