CN102887755A - Method for preparing organic fertilizer with chicken manure - Google Patents

Method for preparing organic fertilizer with chicken manure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102887755A
CN102887755A CN2012104405489A CN201210440548A CN102887755A CN 102887755 A CN102887755 A CN 102887755A CN 2012104405489 A CN2012104405489 A CN 2012104405489A CN 201210440548 A CN201210440548 A CN 201210440548A CN 102887755 A CN102887755 A CN 102887755A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chicken manure
fermentation
powder
ton
temperature
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN2012104405489A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曲田桂
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qingdao Jiahefeng Fertiliser Industry Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Qingdao Jiahefeng Fertiliser Industry Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Qingdao Jiahefeng Fertiliser Industry Co Ltd filed Critical Qingdao Jiahefeng Fertiliser Industry Co Ltd
Priority to CN2012104405489A priority Critical patent/CN102887755A/en
Publication of CN102887755A publication Critical patent/CN102887755A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention provides a method for preparing an organic fertilizer with chicken manure. The method comprises the following steps that: 1.8 tons of chicken manure, 0.3 ton of straw powder or leaf powder, 2.5kg of corn meal and 1kg of strain quick fermenting agent are selected as the raw materials (with ton as the unit); high-temperature fermentation of the chicken manure: the chicken manure is piled in a fermentation pool and the fermentation time is generally five to seven days; after the chicken manure is deeply fermented, the fermented chicken manure is mixed with the straw powder or leaf powder, the corn meal and the fermenting agent, the stirred ingredients are piled into strips with width being 1.5-2m and height being 0.3-0.4m and the strips are covered by straw mats or sack pieces to carry out aerobic fermentation and piling; and generally, the compost temperature rises to 50 DEG C within 24 hours and can rise to 60-70 DEG C within 48 hours, and all the pathogenic bacteria, eggs, grass seeds and the like can be killed at such a high temperature in the fermentation period. The organic fertilizer has simple process, is convenient to prepare, controls diseases and pests, improves the soil environment and pH value and is beneficial to crop growth.

Description

The manufacture method of chicken manure organic fertilizer
  
Technical field:
The present invention relates to the Production of manure technical field, particularly a kind of manufacture method of chicken manure organic fertilizer.
  
Background technology:
Fertilizer, mainly contain nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium element, for earth replenishes the nutrition of running off, thereby increase the output of crop, still, frequent and single use along with chemical fertilizer application, bring disadvantageous effect to edatope, soil is under the condition that lacks sufficient organic matter, and soil aggregate is difficult to form, adhesive power between the soil particle weakens, and has lowered the water retention capacity of soil now.When earth can't keep the moisture of abundance, even the chemical fertilizer quality is high, also is not easy to chemical fertilizer and under favourable condition, discharges nutrient.Fertilizer has appearred in the problem that causes for solving the single chemical fertilizer of life-time service on the market, not only contain the essential macroelement of plant, trace element in the fertilizer, also contains abundant organic nutrient, and fertilizer is the most comprehensive fertilizer.The effect of fertilizer in agriculture production is mainly manifested in the following aspects: after 1, improvement soil, culture fertility organic fertilizer are manured into soil, organic mass-energy is improved soil physical chemistry situation and biological nature effectively, vegetable soil, strengthen fertilizer supply and preservation ability and the surge capability of soil, for good edaphic condition is created in the growth of crop.2, increase output, raising quality organic fertilizer contain abundant organism and various nutritive element, for farm crop provide nutrition.Behind the fertilizer decomposition, for soil microbial activity provides energy and nutriment, promote microbial activities, accelerate organic matter decomposition, the active substance of generation etc. can promote the growth of crop and improve the quality of agricultural-food.3, it is many but relative content is low that the utilization ratio fertilizer that improves fertilizer contains nutrient, discharge slowly, and chemical fertilizer unit nutrient content is high, and composition is few, discharges soon.Both use by reasonable coordination, mutually replenish, and the organic acid that organic matter decomposition produces can also promote the dissolving of mineral nutrient in soil and the chemical fertilizer.Fertilizer and chemical fertilizer are mutually promoted, and are conducive to Crop, improve the utilization ratio of fertilizer.Though fertilizer has above-mentioned advantage, still, present fertilizer, prescription and manufacture craft on the market is too complicated, and the kind and the method that add bacterial classification cause high cost, have increased peasant's burden.
In view of above-mentioned technological deficiency, simple, easy to make in the urgent need to a kind of technique occurring, suppress disease and pest, improve edatope and potential of hydrogen, be conducive to the manufacture method of a kind of chicken manure organic fertilizer of plant growth.
  
Summary of the invention:
The object of the invention is to overcome the shortcoming that exists in the prior art, provide a kind of technique simple, easy to make, suppress disease and pest, improve edatope and potential of hydrogen, be conducive to the manufacture method of a kind of chicken manure organic fertilizer of plant growth.
To achieve these goals, the invention provides a kind of manufacture method of chicken manure organic fertilizer, wherein, comprise the steps:
Raw material (to prepare one ton as unit): 1.8 tons of chicken manures, straw powder or 0.3 ton of leaf powder, 2.5 kilograms of Semen Maydis powders, 1 kilogram of bacterial classification quick fermentation microbial inoculum;
The chicken manure thermophilic fermentation: chicken manure is deposited in the fermentation vat, and the time of fermentation is 5-7 days usually;
The process degree of depth is sent out the chicken manure behind this ferment, and with straw powder or leaf powder, Semen Maydis powder, fermenting agent mixes, and the batching that stirs piles wide 1.5-2 meters, and high 0.3-0.4 meter is rectangular, and upper cover straw screen or mat or hessian cloth carry out aerobic fermentation composting.Generally banking up, temperature rises to 50 ° of C in 24 hours, and temperature can rise to 60-70 ° of C in 48 hours, and during fermentation high like this temperature can be killed all pathogeny bacterium and worm's ovum, grass-seeds etc.According to the composting test, spring and summer stack retting in autumn composting generally needs 6 days, and generally need 7 days winter, treats that fertilizer covers with up and down white hypha, namely all becomes thoroughly decomposed, and airing is sieved and got final product a little.
  
The proportioning of the fertilizer that makes is
Chicken manure 1.8-2 ton,
Straw powder or leaf powder 0.3-0.5 ton,
Semen Maydis powder 2.5-4 kilogram,
Fermenting agent 1-1.2 kilogram.
Perhaps, comprise following composition:
Chicken manure 1.8-1.9 ton,
Straw powder or leaf powder 0.3-0.4 ton,
Semen Maydis powder 2.5-3.5 kilogram,
Fermenting agent 1-1.1 kilogram.
Perhaps, comprise following composition:
Chicken manure 1.9-2 ton,
Straw powder or leaf powder 0.4-0.5 ton,
Semen Maydis powder 3-4 kilogram,
Fermenting agent 1.1-1.2 kilogram.
  
The invention has the advantages that technique of the present invention is simple, and is easy to make, suppress disease and pest, improve edatope and potential of hydrogen, increase fertilizer nitrogen content, be conducive to crop growing state.
  
Embodiment:
Example 1
1.8 tons of chicken manures,
0.3 ton of straw powder or leaf powder,
2.5 kilograms of Semen Maydis powders,
1 kilogram of fermenting agent.
Perhaps,
1.9 tons of chicken manures,
0.4 ton of straw powder or leaf powder,
3.5 kilograms of Semen Maydis powders,
1.1 kilograms of fermenting agents.
Perhaps,
2 tons of chicken manures,
0.5 ton of straw powder or leaf powder,
4 kilograms of Semen Maydis powders,
1.2 kilograms of fermenting agents.
  
Concrete preparation method:
1, with poaches such as duck excrement, grass, flower, leaves, choose the non-toxic plastic bag of packing into behind the impurity removing and add together water by fermentation or pile up and cover tightly fermentation with plastics, when reaching 45 ℃, leavening temperature can ted cooling.The constant fermenting process that namely solves of homo(io)thermism.Fermentation can be used
2, raw material (to produce 1 ton of fertilizer as example): need 1.8 tons of chicken manures, straw powder or 0.3 ton of leaf powder, 2.5 kilograms of Semen Maydis powders, 1 kilogram of bacterial classification quick fermentation microbial inoculum.Human excrement, feces of livestock and poultry+leaf or straw powder+Semen Maydis powder+bacterial classification → stirring → stack retting → dry.
2.1 first the raw material moisture that mixes is controlled at about 40%-50%, then mix bacterial classification with the aqua regin face, be sprinkling upon the fertilizer top layer that mixes, manually equably the raw material stirrer of packing into is carried out crushing, stirring.Fertilizer stirs its water content of GPRS when pulverizing, and general water content is no more than 40%-45%.Moisture is excessive or too smallly all can affect fermented quality, with hand with fertilizer degree of pinching group, hand seam water breakthrough but do not drip to loose one's grip to land to fall and dare to be advisable.Stir and want evenly, want thoroughly, want the fluffy living piece that do not stay.2.2 the batching that stirs piles wide 1.5-2 meters, high 0.3-0.4 meter is rectangular, and upper cover straw screen or mat or hessian cloth carry out aerobic fermentation composting.Generally banking up, temperature rises to 50 ° of C in 24 hours, and temperature can rise to 60-70 ° of C in 48 hours, and during fermentation high like this temperature can be killed all pathogeny bacterium and worm's ovum, grass-seeds etc.According to the composting test, spring and summer stack retting in autumn composting generally needs 6 days, and generally need 7 days winter, treats that fertilizer covers with up and down white hypha, namely all becomes thoroughly decomposed, and airing is sieved and got final product a little.
Contain the harmful germ of a large amount of microorganisms in 3 chicken manures, definitely can not directly use, must carry out degree of depth thermophilic fermentation.The purpose of certain fermentation mainly is two, the one, and the kill harmful germ, the one, the material that does not fully digest is carried out organic materialization, increase actual organic content.
3.1 fermentation mainly is to carry out in fermentation vat, is about to chicken manure and is deposited in the fermentation vat, adds an amount of fermented bacterium in the time of best, still carries out film with agricultural mulching afterwards and covers, the time of fermentation is 10-20 days usually.
3.2 the process degree of depth is sent out the chicken manure behind this ferment, dries, and pulverizes.Chicken manure after the pulverizing can directly be used, but also just is referred to as traditional farm manure, still can not be referred to as Commodity Organic Fertilizer.

Claims (1)

1. the manufacture method of a chicken manure organic fertilizer is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
Raw material (to prepare one ton as unit): 1.8 tons of chicken manures, straw powder or 0.3 ton of leaf powder, 2.5 kilograms of Semen Maydis powders, 1 kilogram of bacterial classification quick fermentation microbial inoculum;
The chicken manure thermophilic fermentation: chicken manure is deposited in the fermentation vat, and the time of fermentation is 5-7 days usually;
The process degree of depth is sent out the chicken manure behind this ferment, and with straw powder or leaf powder, Semen Maydis powder, fermenting agent mixes, and the batching that stirs piles wide 1.5-2 meters, and high 0.3-0.4 meter is rectangular, and upper cover straw screen or mat or hessian cloth carry out aerobic fermentation composting;
Generally banking up, temperature rises to 50 ° of C in 24 hours, and temperature can rise to 60-70 ° of C in 48 hours, and during fermentation high like this temperature can be killed all pathogeny bacterium and worm's ovum, grass-seed.
CN2012104405489A 2012-11-07 2012-11-07 Method for preparing organic fertilizer with chicken manure Pending CN102887755A (en)

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CN2012104405489A CN102887755A (en) 2012-11-07 2012-11-07 Method for preparing organic fertilizer with chicken manure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012104405489A CN102887755A (en) 2012-11-07 2012-11-07 Method for preparing organic fertilizer with chicken manure

Publications (1)

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CN102887755A true CN102887755A (en) 2013-01-23

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104003774A (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-08-27 安徽长青电子机械(集团)有限公司 Chicken manure-based organic fertilizer
CN104291883A (en) * 2014-09-29 2015-01-21 青海绿杰特种养殖种植有限公司 Organic fertilizer
CN104355873A (en) * 2014-11-13 2015-02-18 常熟市尚湖农业生态园有限公司 Ecological organic fertilizer
CN104446702A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-03-25 马英臣 Sheep manure fermented fertilizer and processing process thereof
CN104649749A (en) * 2015-03-02 2015-05-27 苏州奥然日用品有限公司 Method for preparing novel chicken manure organic fertilizer
CN104774787A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-07-15 泰安市农业再生资源综合利用研究开发中心 Compounding method of microorganism agent for chicken manure fermentation
CN105061003A (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-11-18 杨泉胜 Microbial organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105175116A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-23 王晶怡 Preparation method of chicken manure fermented organic fertilizer
CN105347869A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-02-24 重庆市旺利原农业发展有限公司 Livestock manure bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105732229A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-07-06 康燕 Preparation method of organic compound microorganism fertilizer
CN105820010A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-08-03 镇远县万恒科技有限公司 Chicken manure organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106187639A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-12-07 潍坊学院 A kind of method of the aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104003774A (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-08-27 安徽长青电子机械(集团)有限公司 Chicken manure-based organic fertilizer
CN104291883A (en) * 2014-09-29 2015-01-21 青海绿杰特种养殖种植有限公司 Organic fertilizer
CN104355873A (en) * 2014-11-13 2015-02-18 常熟市尚湖农业生态园有限公司 Ecological organic fertilizer
CN104446702A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-03-25 马英臣 Sheep manure fermented fertilizer and processing process thereof
CN104649749A (en) * 2015-03-02 2015-05-27 苏州奥然日用品有限公司 Method for preparing novel chicken manure organic fertilizer
CN104774787A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-07-15 泰安市农业再生资源综合利用研究开发中心 Compounding method of microorganism agent for chicken manure fermentation
CN105061003A (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-11-18 杨泉胜 Microbial organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105175116A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-23 王晶怡 Preparation method of chicken manure fermented organic fertilizer
CN105347869A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-02-24 重庆市旺利原农业发展有限公司 Livestock manure bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105732229A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-07-06 康燕 Preparation method of organic compound microorganism fertilizer
CN105820010A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-08-03 镇远县万恒科技有限公司 Chicken manure organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106187639A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-12-07 潍坊学院 A kind of method of the aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure

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Application publication date: 20130123

C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)