CN105061003A - Microbial organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Microbial organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105061003A
CN105061003A CN201510431932.6A CN201510431932A CN105061003A CN 105061003 A CN105061003 A CN 105061003A CN 201510431932 A CN201510431932 A CN 201510431932A CN 105061003 A CN105061003 A CN 105061003A
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Prior art keywords
organic fertilizer
parts
poultry
biological organic
feces
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CN201510431932.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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杨泉胜
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杨泉胜
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Abstract

The invention provides a microbial organic fertilizer. The microbial organic fertilizer is prepared from the following raw materials in proportion by weight: 55-65 parts of excrements of livestocks, 30-40 parts of straw meal, 3-5 parts of maize meal and 0.5-1.5 parts of multi-enzyme complex enzyme bacteria; and the multi-enzyme complex enzyme bacteria are formed by mixing photosynthetic bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, saccharomycetes, filamentous bacteria, thermostable bacillus and phosphorus and potassium solubilizing nitrogen-fixing bacteria in a proportion by weight of 1: 1: 1: 1: 1: 1. The microbial organic fertilizer has the beneficial effects that the decomposition of crude fibers, crude proteins and potassium compounds can be promoted, the contents of organic matters, nitrogen phosphorus and potassium and other nutrients are improved, and dynamic balance of effective nutrients in soil is promoted; the pollution problem of the excrements of livestocks for the environment is effectively solved; and the microbial organic fertilizer has great effects for the growth of crops and the improvement of the soil.

Description

A kind of biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to Agricultural Fertilizer technical field, refer to a kind of biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof especially.
Background technology
Fertilizer is to provide one or more plant essential nutrient elements, improves soil property, a class material of level of increasing soil fertility.The kind of fertilizer is a lot, and Different Crop is because habit is different, growth phase is different, also different to the demand of fertilizer.Reasonably fertilising is carried out to farm crop extremely important, quality and the speed of growth of farm crop can be improved, increase corps nutrient and health value, promote human health, promote the well-being of mankind.
At present, the fertilizer that the most of proportion of crop planting family of China generally uses has the chemical fertilizer such as nitrogenous fertilizer, potash fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, and a certain chemical fertilizer of long-term dull use makes soil lack nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium element, and soil floorization is serious.Use chemical fertilizer in a large number to farm crop, can cause that agricultural-food have a large amount of fertilizer residue, low quality, HUMAN HEALTH is also worked the mischief.
Along with the adjustment of the structure of agricultural production, China's aquaculture development is very fast, and the consequent is the pollution of feces of livestock and poultry to environment, at present, the feces of livestock and poultry of aquaculture developed regions causes serious harm to the physical environment of locality, solves the task of top priority that Animal manure loss has been aquaculture.
Some proportion of crop planting family by feces of livestock and poultry directly when fertilizer is used, like this, the roundworm egg contained in feces of livestock and poultry and intestinal bacteria will make to grow ground maggot in soil, and ground maggot can eat up the root system of farm crop in growth and breeding process, has a strong impact on growing of farm crop.
Summary of the invention
The present invention proposes a kind of biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof, solve conventional chemical fertilizers in prior art and easily cause nutrient disappearance, agricultural-food objectionable impurities in soil to remain, and traditional farm manure affects the problem of crop growth.
Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that
A kind of biological organic fertilizer, it is made up of the raw material of following weight proportioning: feces of livestock and poultry 55 ~ 65 parts, straw powder 30 ~ 40 parts, Semen Maydis powder 3 ~ 5 parts and multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium 0.5 ~ 1.5 part; Described multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium is mixed according to the ratio that weight proportion is 1: 1: 1: 1: 1: 1 by photosynthetic bacteria, milk-acid bacteria, yeast, thread fungus, heat-resistant bacillus and P and K decomposing vinelandii.
As preferably, the weight proportion of described each raw material is: feces of livestock and poultry 60 parts, straw powder 35 parts, Semen Maydis powder 4 parts and multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium 1 part.
As preferably, described feces of livestock and poultry is freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement.
A preparation method for biological organic fertilizer, its method steps is as follows:
(1) various raw material is taken by weight ratio;
(2) the multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium weighed up and Semen Maydis powder are mixed, and stir;
(3) feces of livestock and poultry weighed up and straw powder are mixed, and stir;
(4) mixture that step (2) and step (3) obtain separately is mixed, and stir;
(5) mixture that step (4) obtains is carried out normal temperature fermentation, when the temperature of mixture reaches 50 DEG C ~ 60 DEG C, again carry out stirring heat radiation, normal temperature fermentation is proceeded after stirring, so, stir after three times, namely obtain biological organic fertilizer finished product.
As preferably, in described step (5) when mixture temperature reaches 55 DEG C, carry out stirring heat radiation.
In biological organic fertilizer raw material of the present invention, Semen Maydis powder can promote the Fast-propagation of various flora in multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium, for the fermentation of fertilizer lays the foundation.
In biological organic fertilizer raw material of the present invention, in feces of livestock and poultry, the content of nitrogen and phosphorus is higher, and in straw powder, the content of potassium is higher, and cooperatively interact fermentation, thus keeps the equilibrium of Nitrogen, Phosphorus potassium content and the benign cycle in soil.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
Biological organic fertilizer of the present invention contains the various active biological enzymes of a large amount of beneficial microorganisms and secretion thereof, the decomposition of robust fibre, crude protein and phosphorus potassium compound can be promoted, improve the content of soil with organic matter, N P and K and other nutrient, promote the running balance of available nutrient in soil.
Long-term application biological organic fertilizer of the present invention can be improved and activating soil, culture fertility, improves Tiny ecosystem and the physico-chemical property of soil; Improve the organic matter of soil, increase porosity, reduce molten heavy, improve soil water-reataining fertilizer-keeping ability, transformation salinity ground; Promote the balance of soil with organic matter; Improve microaggregate and soil combined humus in soil, improve the crumb structure of soil, solid phase reduces, and permeability improves, and is conducive to Substance Transformation and root growth.
Long-term application biological organic fertilizer of the present invention, can improve crop drought resistance ability; Impel farm environment carbon dioxide content to increase, be conducive to substance accumulation, improve the soil moisture, be applicable to plant growth; Increase the content of plant growth Auto-regulator in soil, promote plant growth, improve crop yield; Kill pathogenic bacterium, alleviate crop pest, save cost accounting; Improve Agro-ecology, promote that agricultural steps into benign cycle.
The present invention utilizes biotechnology to carry out harmless treatment to produce bio-organic fertilizer to feces of livestock and poultry, efficiently solves the pollution problem of feces of livestock and poultry to environment; Not containing the objectionable impurities such as roundworm egg and intestinal bacteria in the fertilizer produced, there is significant role to the growth of farm crop and the improvement of soil.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, be clearly and completely described the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention, obviously, described embodiment is only the present invention's part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art, not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of biological organic fertilizer, it is made up of the raw material of following weight proportioning: feces of livestock and poultry 55 kilograms, straw powder 30 kilograms, Semen Maydis powder 3 kilograms and multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium 0.5 kilogram; Described multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium is mixed according to the ratio that weight proportion is 1: 1: 1: 1: 1: 1 by photosynthetic bacteria, milk-acid bacteria, yeast, thread fungus, heat-resistant bacillus and P and K decomposing vinelandii; Wherein feces of livestock and poultry can be freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement.
The preparation method of above-mentioned biological organic fertilizer is as follows:
(1) various raw material is taken by weight ratio;
(2) the multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium weighed up and Semen Maydis powder are mixed, and stir;
(3) feces of livestock and poultry weighed up and straw powder are mixed, and stir;
(4) mixture that step (2) and step (3) obtain separately is mixed, and stir;
(5) mixture that step (4) obtains is carried out normal temperature fermentation, when the temperature of mixture reaches 55 DEG C, again carry out stirring heat radiation, proceed normal temperature fermentation after stirring, so, stir after three times, namely obtain biological organic fertilizer finished product.
Embodiment 2
A kind of biological organic fertilizer, it is made up of the raw material of following weight proportioning: feces of livestock and poultry 65 kilograms, straw powder 40 kilograms, Semen Maydis powder 5 kilograms and multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium 1.5 kilograms; Described multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium is mixed according to the ratio that weight proportion is 1: 1: 1: 1: 1: 1 by photosynthetic bacteria, milk-acid bacteria, yeast, thread fungus, heat-resistant bacillus and P and K decomposing vinelandii; Wherein feces of livestock and poultry can be freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement.
The preparation method of above-mentioned biological organic fertilizer is as follows:
(1) various raw material is taken by weight ratio;
(2) the multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium weighed up and Semen Maydis powder are mixed, and stir;
(3) feces of livestock and poultry weighed up and straw powder are mixed, and stir;
(4) mixture that step (2) and step (3) obtain separately is mixed, and stir;
(5) mixture that step (4) obtains is carried out normal temperature fermentation, when the temperature of mixture reaches 55 DEG C, again carry out stirring heat radiation, proceed normal temperature fermentation after stirring, so, stir after three times, namely obtain biological organic fertilizer finished product.
Embodiment 3
A kind of biological organic fertilizer, it is made up of the raw material of following weight proportioning: feces of livestock and poultry 60 kilograms, straw powder 35 kilograms, Semen Maydis powder 4 kilograms and multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium 1 kilogram; Described multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium is mixed according to the ratio that weight proportion is 1: 1: 1: 1: 1: 1 by photosynthetic bacteria, milk-acid bacteria, yeast, thread fungus, heat-resistant bacillus and P and K decomposing vinelandii; Wherein feces of livestock and poultry can be freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement.
The preparation method of above-mentioned biological organic fertilizer is as follows:
(1) various raw material is taken by weight ratio;
(2) the multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium weighed up and Semen Maydis powder are mixed, and stir;
(3) feces of livestock and poultry weighed up and straw powder are mixed, and stir;
(4) mixture that step (2) and step (3) obtain separately is mixed, and stir;
(5) mixture that step (4) obtains is carried out normal temperature fermentation, when the temperature of mixture reaches 55 DEG C, again carry out stirring heat radiation, proceed normal temperature fermentation after stirring, so, stir after three times, namely obtain biological organic fertilizer finished product.
In above-mentioned biological organic fertilizer raw material, Semen Maydis powder can promote the Fast-propagation of various flora in multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium, for the fermentation of fertilizer lays the foundation.
In above-mentioned biological organic fertilizer raw material, in feces of livestock and poultry, the content of nitrogen and phosphorus is higher, and in straw powder, the content of potassium is higher, and cooperatively interact fermentation, thus keeps the equilibrium of Nitrogen, Phosphorus potassium content and the benign cycle in soil.
In sum, biological organic fertilizer of the present invention contains the various active biological enzymes of a large amount of beneficial microorganisms and secretion thereof, the decomposition of robust fibre, crude protein and phosphorus potassium compound can be promoted, improve the content of soil with organic matter, N P and K and other nutrient, promote the running balance of available nutrient in soil.
Long-term application biological organic fertilizer of the present invention can be improved and activating soil, culture fertility, improves Tiny ecosystem and the physico-chemical property of soil; Improve the organic matter of soil, increase porosity, reduce molten heavy, improve soil water-reataining fertilizer-keeping ability, transformation salinity ground; Promote the balance of soil with organic matter; Improve microaggregate and soil combined humus in soil, improve the crumb structure of soil, solid phase reduces, and permeability improves, and is conducive to Substance Transformation and root growth.
Long-term application biological organic fertilizer of the present invention, can improve crop drought resistance ability; Impel farm environment carbon dioxide content to increase, be conducive to substance accumulation, improve the soil moisture, be applicable to plant growth; Increase the content of plant growth Auto-regulator in soil, promote plant growth, improve crop yield; Kill pathogenic bacterium, alleviate crop pest, save cost accounting; Improve Agro-ecology, promote that agricultural steps into benign cycle.
The present invention utilizes biotechnology to carry out harmless treatment to produce bio-organic fertilizer to feces of livestock and poultry, efficiently solves the pollution problem of feces of livestock and poultry to environment; Not containing the objectionable impurities such as roundworm egg and intestinal bacteria in the fertilizer produced, there is significant role to the growth of farm crop and the improvement of soil.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a biological organic fertilizer, is characterized in that, it is made up of the raw material of following weight proportioning: feces of livestock and poultry 55 ~ 65 parts, straw powder 30 ~ 40 parts, Semen Maydis powder 3 ~ 5 parts and multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium 0.5 ~ 1.5 part; Described multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium is mixed according to the ratio that weight proportion is 1: 1: 1: 1: 1: 1 by photosynthetic bacteria, milk-acid bacteria, yeast, thread fungus, heat-resistant bacillus and P and K decomposing vinelandii.
2. a kind of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the weight proportion of described each raw material is: feces of livestock and poultry 60 parts, straw powder 35 parts, Semen Maydis powder 4 parts and multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium 1 part.
3. a kind of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described feces of livestock and poultry is freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement.
4. a preparation method for biological organic fertilizer, is characterized in that, its method steps is as follows:
(1) various raw material is taken by weight ratio;
(2) the multienzyme composite enzyme bacterium weighed up and Semen Maydis powder are mixed, and stir;
(3) feces of livestock and poultry weighed up and straw powder are mixed, and stir;
(4) mixture that step (2) and step (3) obtain separately is mixed, and stir;
(5) mixture that step (4) obtains is carried out normal temperature fermentation, when the temperature of mixture reaches 50 DEG C ~ 60 DEG C, again carry out stirring heat radiation, normal temperature fermentation is proceeded after stirring, so, stir after three times, namely obtain biological organic fertilizer finished product.
5. the preparation method of a kind of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 4, is characterized in that, in described step (5) when mixture temperature reaches 55 DEG C, carries out stirring heat radiation.
CN201510431932.6A 2015-07-15 2015-07-15 Microbial organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof Pending CN105061003A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105347869A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-02-24 重庆市旺利原农业发展有限公司 Livestock manure bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105684795A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-06-22 柳州市净元生物科技有限公司 Method for preventing and treating huanglongbing by means of novel microorganisms
CN105693426A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-06-22 柳州市净元生物科技有限公司 High-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106146105A (en) * 2016-08-24 2016-11-23 南通禾宝生物科技有限公司 A kind of containing amino acid whose cassava grain stillage fertilizer and production method thereof
CN106495820A (en) * 2016-01-13 2017-03-15 中弘新缘生物科技(天津)有限公司 A kind of preparation method of concentrated type composite microbiological fertilizer
CN108314585A (en) * 2018-03-15 2018-07-24 黄淮学院 Agriculture probiotics conversion stalk and the method for cultivating excrement production biological organic fertilizer

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102040416A (en) * 2010-11-19 2011-05-04 黑龙江八一农垦大学 Preparation and application methods of special fertilizer for continuous-cropping isatis indigotica
CN102126877A (en) * 2010-12-04 2011-07-20 徐贵阁 Green biological seedling raising matrix
CN102249752A (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-11-23 北京康源三色生物科技有限公司 Microbial fertilizer and preparation method and application thereof
CN102887755A (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-01-23 青岛嘉禾丰肥业有限公司 Method for preparing organic fertilizer with chicken manure
CN102887745A (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-01-23 青岛嘉禾丰肥业有限公司 Organic fertilizer
CN104355873A (en) * 2014-11-13 2015-02-18 常熟市尚湖农业生态园有限公司 Ecological organic fertilizer

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102040416A (en) * 2010-11-19 2011-05-04 黑龙江八一农垦大学 Preparation and application methods of special fertilizer for continuous-cropping isatis indigotica
CN102126877A (en) * 2010-12-04 2011-07-20 徐贵阁 Green biological seedling raising matrix
CN102249752A (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-11-23 北京康源三色生物科技有限公司 Microbial fertilizer and preparation method and application thereof
CN102887755A (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-01-23 青岛嘉禾丰肥业有限公司 Method for preparing organic fertilizer with chicken manure
CN102887745A (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-01-23 青岛嘉禾丰肥业有限公司 Organic fertilizer
CN104355873A (en) * 2014-11-13 2015-02-18 常熟市尚湖农业生态园有限公司 Ecological organic fertilizer

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105347869A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-02-24 重庆市旺利原农业发展有限公司 Livestock manure bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106495820A (en) * 2016-01-13 2017-03-15 中弘新缘生物科技(天津)有限公司 A kind of preparation method of concentrated type composite microbiological fertilizer
CN105684795A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-06-22 柳州市净元生物科技有限公司 Method for preventing and treating huanglongbing by means of novel microorganisms
CN105693426A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-06-22 柳州市净元生物科技有限公司 High-efficiency microbial organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105684795B (en) * 2016-01-25 2019-04-09 柳州市净元生物科技有限公司 A method of yellow twig is prevented and treated using Novel microbial organic fertilizer
CN106146105A (en) * 2016-08-24 2016-11-23 南通禾宝生物科技有限公司 A kind of containing amino acid whose cassava grain stillage fertilizer and production method thereof
CN108314585A (en) * 2018-03-15 2018-07-24 黄淮学院 Agriculture probiotics conversion stalk and the method for cultivating excrement production biological organic fertilizer

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Application publication date: 20151118