CN106187639A - A kind of method of the aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure - Google Patents

A kind of method of the aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106187639A
CN106187639A CN201610538384.1A CN201610538384A CN106187639A CN 106187639 A CN106187639 A CN 106187639A CN 201610538384 A CN201610538384 A CN 201610538384A CN 106187639 A CN106187639 A CN 106187639A
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chicken manure
compost
nitrogen
leaven
protecting nitrogen
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CN201610538384.1A
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台夕市
张运臣
刘康宁
冯民
冯一民
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Weifang University
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Weifang University
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/90Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity for affecting the nitrification of ammonium compounds or urea in the soil
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

A kind of method that the invention discloses aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure, belongs to environmental technology field.This method comprises the following steps: scatters after being air-dried by chicken manure, waters by the 30 40% of chicken manure weight, it is ensured that water content is uniform, add leaven, diluent, after mix homogeneously, add calcium phosphate and ferrous sulfate, mend and add water to water content 45 55%, compost in enclosed environment, ventilate every day 1 2h, can be warming up to 40 60 DEG C after 35 days, compost after 46 days can turning once, compost 8 10 days can be well-done, i.e. can be used for Crop fertilizer.The inventive method can effectively improve the nutriment in a fertilizer in chicken manure, eliminates harmful entomogenous fungi, reduces the stink that the loss of nitrogen decreases ammonia simultaneously and hydrogen sulfide volatilization produces, the available nutrient content adding compost finished product, the beneficially absorption of crops.

Description

A kind of method of the aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure
Technical field
The invention belongs to environmental technology field, be specifically a kind of method of aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure.
Background technology
It is known that chicken manure is a kind of organic fertilizer comparing high-quality, containing abundant nutrition, wherein crude protein in chicken manure 18.7%, fat 2.5%, ash 13%, carbohydrate 11%, fiber 7%, nitrogenous 2.34%, phosphorus 2.32%, potassium 0.83%, use the content of organic matter that chicken manure adds in soil, it is special that organic matter can improve soil physics, chemistry and biology Property, vegetable soil, culture fertility.Owing to the intestinal of chicken is short, so the feedstuff that chicken is taken in does not has catapepsis and absorbs, there are about The nutrient of 40%-70% is excreted, and therefore chicken manure nutrient in the middle of all fowl and animal excrements is the highest.But chicken manure Processed or become thoroughly decomposed and be applied directly on crop, because containing a lot of parasites and ovum, spreading venereal diseases in chicken manure , there is the biggest harm and hidden danger in use, directly execute in soil in bacterium, ferments under suitable conditions and produce substantial amounts of heat Amount, burns crop root.Therefore crop can be just applied to after chicken manure must being carried out harmless treatment and becoming thoroughly decomposed completely.
Chicken manure has to pass through before administration and sufficiently becomes thoroughly decomposed, by the parasite existed in chicken manure and ovum thereof, and infectiousness Some pathogenic bacterias by being inactivated, owing to chicken manure produces high temperature during becoming thoroughly decomposed, easily in the process of become thoroughly decomposed (retting) Cause nitrogen loss.Therefore, to be protected the nitrogen in chicken manure, traditional method in digest process by some reagent is by chicken manure Seal compost, carry out anaerobic fermentation, typically take 3-4 month and just can become thoroughly decomposed, now by biotechnology, use aerobic fermentation, rotten Traditional fast 10-20 times of ripe speed ratio, resolves into little molecule by macromole such as the protein of chicken manure, and crop can directly absorb, and And the chicken manure completely that becomes thoroughly decomposed can't smell stink the most substantially.
Aerobic compost is under aerobic conditions, adds aerobic bacteria and absorbs refuse, aoxidizes, decomposes.Microorganism is passed through The vital movement of self, becomes simple inorganic matter a part of absorbed oxidation operation, discharges simultaneously and be available for microorganism Energy needed for vegetative activity, another part Organic substance is then synthesized new Cytoplasm, makes the continuous growth and breeding of microorganism, produces Bear the process of more organism.Therefore, aerobic compost and guarantor's nitrogen are combined by the present invention, the reduction chicken manure of higher efficiency In the loss of effective nutrient substance, eliminate harmful organism therein simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
Present invention solves the technical problem that and be to provide a kind of Process Design rationally, operating process is simple, low cost, has very well Economic benefit the method for aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure.
Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of method of aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure, comprises the following steps: scatter after being air-dried by chicken manure room temperature flat It is layered on the ground, waters by the 30-40% of chicken manure gross weight, it is ensured that the chicken manure water content of every part is uniform, add leaven, dilute Release agent, mechanical agitation mix homogeneously, mixing speed 120-240r/min, mixing time 1-3h, whipping process adds phosphoric acid Calcium and ferrous sulfate, amount of makeup water to moisture ratio is 45-55%, is deposited in by fertilizer on the leachy Polypropylence Sheet of band, and Inserting a plastic tube in the middle of fertile heap, plastic tube bore is 3-5cm, and plastic tube is connected above elastic tube to aerator, aerator Wind-force size and automatic ventilation time can be regulated, be placed in compost in the environment of temperature controllable, gravity-flow ventilation every day 1-2h, often 6-8h uses aerator to ventilate after 15min, a 3-5 day can be warming up to 40-60 DEG C, after compost 4-6 day can turning once, and and Time the content that keeps the skin wet to 50%, compost 8-10 day can be well-done, i.e. can be used for Crop fertilizer.
Further, described leaven preparation method is to be mixed according to 1:800 with distilled water by sodium humate, and stirring makes Dissolving, the RW adding sodium humate weight 20-30 times promotees rotten agent, stands 3-5h, be evaporated to paste after mechanical agitation, Use and be spray-dried the pale yellow powder obtained, mix according to the weight ratio of 1:3 with BM mycopowder, i.e. obtain described leaven, Compost is uniformly sprayed by using method for leaven is trained multiple bacterium solution, and this product is by can be in intensive decomposition chicken manure 11 kinds of bacterial strains such as antibacterial, filamentous bacteria, yeast and relevant enzymes compound and form, aerobic fermentation, decomposing protein, crude fibre energy Power is extremely strong, can reach intensification, deodorization, elimination pest and disease damage, weed seed and the effect of enrichment nutrient simultaneously.
Further, described multiple bacterium solution cultural method is: being joined by leaven in shaking flask and cultivate, the volume of bottle is 1000ml, loads culture fluid 300-400ml in bottle, and cultivation temperature is 25-30 DEG C, and shaking speed is 180-240r/min, training After supporting 3 days time, i.e. obtaining described multiple bacterium solution, bacterium solution usage amount is the 0.6-0.9% of composting material quality.
Further, described diluent preparation method is: straw and wheat bran mix according to the mass ratio of 3:2, Before mixing, dry straw and wheat bran are pulverized, particle size range 2-5mm, be layered on the thickness of 30-50cm on the ground after mix homogeneously, spread Upper carbamide, consumption is the 0.5% of mixture quality, and then water spray makes straw drench with the mixture of wheat bran, and ground there are flowing out It is advisable, is again stirring for uniformly and mixes, i.e. obtain after described diluent, straw and wheat bran can cover chicken manure, decreasing water Divide evaporation capacity, maintain the carrying out of normal temperature bottom fermentation, and also can buffer the heavy rain erosion to soil after applying fertilizer, reduce Surface runoff, adds topsoil reservoir storage, has isolated the sunlight direct projection to soil, and the exchange to the soil body with earth's surface warm rises Adjustment effect.
Further, the addition of described ferrous sulfate is the 0.2-0.4% of described composting material weight, described sulphuric acid Ferrous iron is industry Melanteritum, and ferrous sulfate to nitrogen in chicken manure and nitrogen compound complexation, can reduce the erodsion loss of microorganism.
Further, the addition of described calcium phosphate is the 0.5-0.8% of described composting material weight, and calcium phosphate is not only The decomposition of composition in compost, or humectant metaphosphate very well can be accelerated, the temperature in composting process can be effectively reduced and raise The nitrogen discharge caused.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the nutriment in a fertilizer that the inventive method can effectively improve in chicken manure, eliminate harmful entomogenous fungi, The available nutrient reduce the loss of nitrogen decreases ammonia simultaneously and hydrogen sulfide volatilization produces stink, adding compost finished product contains Amount, beneficially the absorption of crops, simple to operate, easily realizes, and whole production process will not produce discharge of poisonous waste, becomes This is cheap, can promote in vast Countryside, so can not only reduce environmental pollution and can also bring good economic benefit.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1:
A kind of method of aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure, comprises the following steps: scatter after being air-dried by chicken manure room temperature flat It is layered on the ground, waters by the 30% of chicken manure gross weight, it is ensured that the chicken manure water content of every part is uniform, adds leaven, dilution Agent, mechanical agitation mix homogeneously, mixing speed 120r/min, mixing time 1h, whipping process adds calcium phosphate and sulphuric acid Ferrous iron, amount of makeup water to moisture ratio is 45%, is deposited in by fertilizer on the leachy Polypropylence Sheet of band, and inserts in the middle of fertile heap A piece plastic tube, plastic tube bore is 3cm, and plastic tube is connected above elastic tube to aerator, and it is big that aerator can regulate wind-force Little and automatic ventilation time, being placed in compost in the environment of temperature controllable, gravity-flow ventilation every day 1h, every 6h use aerator to ventilate 15min, can be warming up to 40 DEG C after 3 days, compost after 4 days can turning once, and the content that keeps the skin wet in time is to 50%, compost 8 days can be well-done, i.e. can be used for Crop fertilizer.
Wherein, described leaven preparation method is to be mixed according to 1:800 with distilled water by sodium humate, and stirring makes molten Solving, the RW adding sodium humate weight 20 times promotees rotten agent, stands 3h, is evaporated to paste, use spray after mechanical agitation The pale yellow powder that mist is dried to obtain, mixes according to the weight ratio of 1:3 with BM mycopowder, i.e. obtains described leaven, user Compost is uniformly sprayed by method for leaven is trained multiple bacterium solution, this product by can antibacterial in intensive decomposition chicken manure, 11 kinds of bacterial strains such as filamentous bacteria, yeast and relevant enzymes compound and form, aerobic fermentation, decomposing protein, crude fibre ability pole By force, intensification, deodorization, elimination pest and disease damage, weed seed and the effect of enrichment nutrient can be reached simultaneously.Described multiple bacterium solution training Breeding method is: being joined by leaven in shaking flask and cultivate, the volume of bottle is 1000ml, loads culture fluid 300ml, cultivate in bottle Temperature is 25 DEG C, and shaking speed is 180r/min, and incubation time, after 3 days, i.e. obtains described multiple bacterium solution, and bacterium solution usage amount is The 0.6% of composting material quality.Described diluent preparation method is: straw mixes according to the mass ratio of 3:2 with wheat bran , before mixing, dry straw and wheat bran are pulverized, particle size range 2mm, be layered on the thickness of 30cm on the ground after mix homogeneously, sprinkle Carbamide, consumption is the 0.5% of mixture quality, and then water spray makes the mixture of straw and wheat bran drench, ground there are flowing out into Preferably, it is again stirring for uniformly and mixes, i.e. obtaining after described diluent, straw and wheat bran can cover chicken manure, decreasing moisture Evaporation capacity, maintains the carrying out of normal temperature bottom fermentation, and also can buffer the heavy rain erosion to soil after applying fertilizer, decrease Surface runoff, adds topsoil reservoir storage, has isolated the sunlight direct projection to soil, and the exchange to the soil body with earth's surface warm has played tune Agent effect.The addition of described ferrous sulfate is the 0.2% of described composting material weight, and described ferrous sulfate is that industry is green Vitriol, ferrous sulfate to nitrogen in chicken manure and nitrogen compound complexation, can reduce the erodsion loss of microorganism.Described calcium phosphate Addition is the 0.5% of described composting material weight, and calcium phosphate is possible not only to accelerate the decomposition of composition in compost, or water very well Divide retention agent, the temperature in composting process can be effectively reduced and raise the nitrogen discharge caused.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of method of aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure, comprises the following steps: scatter after being air-dried by chicken manure room temperature flat It is layered on the ground, waters by the 35% of chicken manure gross weight, it is ensured that the chicken manure water content of every part is uniform, adds leaven, dilution Agent, mechanical agitation mix homogeneously, mixing speed 180r/min, mixing time 2h, whipping process adds calcium phosphate and sulphuric acid Ferrous iron, amount of makeup water to moisture ratio is 50%, is deposited in by fertilizer on the leachy Polypropylence Sheet of band, and inserts in the middle of fertile heap A piece plastic tube, plastic tube bore is 4cm, and plastic tube is connected above elastic tube to aerator, and it is big that aerator can regulate wind-force Little and automatic ventilation time, being placed in compost in the environment of temperature controllable, gravity-flow ventilation every day 1.5h, every 7h use aerator to lead to 15min of wind, can be warming up to 50 DEG C after 4 days, compost after 5 days can turning once, and the content that keeps the skin wet in time is to 50%, Compost 9 days can be well-done, i.e. can be used for Crop fertilizer.
Wherein, described leaven preparation method is to be mixed according to 1:800 with distilled water by sodium humate, and stirring makes molten Solving, the RW adding sodium humate weight 25 times promotees rotten agent, stands 4h, is evaporated to paste, use spray after mechanical agitation The pale yellow powder that mist is dried to obtain, mixes according to the weight ratio of 1:3 with BM mycopowder, i.e. obtains described leaven, user Compost is uniformly sprayed by method for leaven is trained multiple bacterium solution, this product by can antibacterial in intensive decomposition chicken manure, 11 kinds of bacterial strains such as filamentous bacteria, yeast and relevant enzymes compound and form, aerobic fermentation, decomposing protein, crude fibre ability pole By force, intensification, deodorization, elimination pest and disease damage, weed seed and the effect of enrichment nutrient can be reached simultaneously.Described multiple bacterium solution training Breeding method is: being joined by leaven in shaking flask and cultivate, the volume of bottle is 1000ml, loads culture fluid 350ml, cultivate in bottle Temperature is 27.5 DEG C, and shaking speed is 210r/min, and incubation time, after 3 days, i.e. obtains described multiple bacterium solution, bacterium solution usage amount For composting material quality 0.75%.Described diluent preparation method is: straw and wheat bran mix according to the mass ratio of 3:2 and Become, before mixing, dry straw and wheat bran pulverized, particle size range 3.5mm, after mix homogeneously, be layered on the thickness of 40cm on the ground, Sprinkling carbamide, consumption is the 0.5% of mixture quality, and then water spray makes straw drench with the mixture of wheat bran, and there are current on ground Go out to be advisable, be again stirring for uniformly and mix, i.e. obtain after described diluent, straw and wheat bran can cover chicken manure, decreasing Water evaporation quantity, maintains the carrying out of normal temperature bottom fermentation, and also can buffer the heavy rain erosion to soil after applying fertilizer, subtract Having lacked surface runoff, added topsoil reservoir storage, isolated the sunlight direct projection to soil, the exchange warming the soil body and earth's surface rises Adjustment effect.The addition of described ferrous sulfate is the 0.3% of described composting material weight, and described ferrous sulfate is industry Melanteritum, ferrous sulfate to nitrogen in chicken manure and nitrogen compound complexation, can reduce the erodsion loss of microorganism.Described calcium phosphate Addition is described composting material weight 0.65%, calcium phosphate is possible not only to accelerate the decomposition of composition in compost, the most very Good humectant metaphosphate, can effectively reduce the temperature in composting process and raise the nitrogen discharge caused.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of method of aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure, comprises the following steps: scatter after being air-dried by chicken manure room temperature flat It is layered on the ground, waters by the 40% of chicken manure gross weight, it is ensured that the chicken manure water content of every part is uniform, adds leaven, dilution Agent, mechanical agitation mix homogeneously, mixing speed 240r/min, mixing time 3h, whipping process adds calcium phosphate and sulphuric acid Ferrous iron, amount of makeup water to moisture ratio is 55%, is deposited in by fertilizer on the leachy Polypropylence Sheet of band, and interleaves at Fei Duizhong Entering a plastic tube, plastic tube bore is 5cm, and plastic tube is connected above elastic tube can regulate wind-force to aerator, aerator Size and automatic ventilation time, being placed in compost in the environment of temperature controllable, gravity-flow ventilation every day 2h, every 8h use aerator to lead to 15min of wind, can be warming up to 60 DEG C after 5 days, compost after 6 days can turning once, and the content that keeps the skin wet in time is to 50%, heap Macerating 10 days can be well-done, i.e. can be used for Crop fertilizer.
Wherein, described leaven preparation method is to be mixed according to 1:800 with distilled water by sodium humate, and stirring makes molten Solving, the RW adding sodium humate weight 30 times promotees rotten agent, stands 5h, is evaporated to paste, use spray after mechanical agitation The pale yellow powder that mist is dried to obtain, mixes according to the weight ratio of 1:3 with BM mycopowder, i.e. obtains described leaven, user Compost is uniformly sprayed by method for leaven is trained multiple bacterium solution, this product by can antibacterial in intensive decomposition chicken manure, 11 kinds of bacterial strains such as filamentous bacteria, yeast and relevant enzymes compound and form, aerobic fermentation, decomposing protein, crude fibre ability pole By force, intensification, deodorization, elimination pest and disease damage, weed seed and the effect of enrichment nutrient can be reached simultaneously.Described multiple bacterium solution training Breeding method is: being joined by leaven in shaking flask and cultivate, the volume of bottle is 1000ml, loads culture fluid 400ml, cultivate in bottle Temperature is 30 DEG C, and shaking speed is 240r/min, and incubation time, after 3 days, i.e. obtains described multiple bacterium solution, and bacterium solution usage amount is The 0.9% of composting material quality.Described diluent preparation method is: straw mixes according to the mass ratio of 3:2 with wheat bran , before mixing, dry straw and wheat bran are pulverized, particle size range 5mm, be layered on the thickness of 50cm on the ground after mix homogeneously, sprinkle Carbamide, consumption is the 0.5% of mixture quality, and then water spray makes the mixture of straw and wheat bran drench, ground there are flowing out into Preferably, it is again stirring for uniformly and mixes, i.e. obtaining after described diluent, straw and wheat bran can cover chicken manure, decreasing moisture Evaporation capacity, maintains the carrying out of normal temperature bottom fermentation, and also can buffer the heavy rain erosion to soil after applying fertilizer, decrease Surface runoff, adds topsoil reservoir storage, has isolated the sunlight direct projection to soil, and the exchange to the soil body with earth's surface warm has played tune Agent effect.The addition of described ferrous sulfate is the 0.4% of described composting material weight, and described ferrous sulfate is that industry is green Vitriol, ferrous sulfate to nitrogen in chicken manure and nitrogen compound complexation, can reduce the erodsion loss of microorganism.Described calcium phosphate Addition is the 0.8% of described composting material weight, and calcium phosphate is possible not only to accelerate the decomposition of composition in compost, or water very well Divide retention agent, the temperature in composting process can be effectively reduced and raise the nitrogen discharge caused.
Verification experimental verification:
1. subjects: the chicken manure in certain chicken farm three days is for processing object.
2. experimental technique: take above-mentioned pending chicken manure totally three parts, every part of 1kg, be respectively labeled as test group 1, test group 2, test group 3, three groups of test group use the embodiment of the present invention 1, embodiment 2, the method for embodiment 3 to process respectively, process Before the nitrogen content in chicken manure is detected, then to process after chicken manure carry out nitrogen content detection.
3. reclaim record data after terminating as shown in the table:
From above-mentioned data, having by the method for the present invention and well protect nitrogen effect, removal process is easily achieved, and has no different Often.
Last it is noted that above example is only in order to illustrate technical scheme, it is not intended to limit;Although With reference to previous embodiment, the present invention is described in detail, it will be understood by those within the art that: it still may be used So that the technical scheme described in previous embodiment to be modified, or wherein portion of techniques feature is carried out equivalent;And These amendments or replacement, do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from spirit and the model of embodiment of the present invention technical scheme Enclose.

Claims (7)

1. the method for the aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps: chicken manure room temperature is air-dried After scatter and be laid on the ground, water by the 30-40% of chicken manure gross weight, it is ensured that the chicken manure water content of every part is uniform, adds Leaven, diluent, mechanical agitation mix homogeneously, mixing speed 120-240r/min, mixing time 1-3h, in whipping process Adding calcium phosphate and ferrous sulfate, amount of makeup water to moisture ratio is 45-55%, and fertilizer is deposited in the leachy Polypropylence Sheet of band On, and in the middle of fertile heap, inserting a plastic tube, plastic tube bore is 3-5cm, and plastic tube is connected above elastic tube to aerator, Aerator can regulate wind-force size and automatic ventilation time, is placed in compost in the environment of temperature controllable, gravity-flow ventilation every day 1-2h, every 6-8h can be warming up to 40-60 DEG C after using aerator 15min, a 3-5 day of ventilation, can turning one after compost 4-6 day Secondary, and the content that keeps the skin wet in time is to 50%, compost 8-10 day can be well-done, i.e. can be used for Crop fertilizer.
A kind of method of aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure, it is characterised in that described fermentation Agent preparation method is: is mixed according to 1:800 with distilled water by sodium humate, is stirred to dissolve, and adds sodium humate weight 20- The RW of 30 times promotees rotten agent, stands 3-5h, is evaporated to paste, use and be spray-dried the yellowish toner obtained after mechanical agitation End, mixes according to the weight ratio of 1:3 with BM mycopowder, i.e. obtains described leaven, and using method is many for being trained by leaven Plant bacterium solution compost is uniformly sprayed.
A kind of method of aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure, it is characterised in that described is multiple Bacterium solution cultural method is: being joined by leaven in shaking flask and cultivate, the volume of bottle is 1000ml, loads culture fluid 300-in bottle 400ml, cultivation temperature is 25-30 DEG C, and shaking speed is 180-240r/min, and incubation time is after 3 days, i.e. obtains described multiple Bacterium solution, bacterium solution usage amount is the 0.6-0.9% of composting material quality.
A kind of method of aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure, it is characterised in that described dilution Agent preparation method is: straw and wheat bran mix according to the mass ratio of 3:2, by dry straw and wheat bran powder before mixing Broken, particle size range 2-5mm, it is layered on the thickness of 30-50cm on the ground after mix homogeneously, sprinkles carbamide, consumption is mixture quality 0.5%, then water spray makes straw drench with the mixture of wheat bran, and ground there are flowing out is advisable, and is again stirring for uniformly and mixes, i.e. Obtain described diluent.
A kind of method of aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure, it is characterised in that described sulphuric acid The ferrous 0.2-0.4% that addition is described composting material weight, described ferrous sulfate is industry Melanteritum.
A kind of method of aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure, it is characterised in that described phosphoric acid The addition of calcium is the 0.5-0.8% of described composting material weight.
A kind of method of aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure, it is characterised in that described compost The widest 1-1.5m, high 0.4-0.5m, length does not limits.
CN201610538384.1A 2016-07-08 2016-07-08 A kind of method of the aerobic compost protecting nitrogen for chicken manure Pending CN106187639A (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN109400417A (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-03-01 广东巴斯德环境科技有限公司 A method of microbial manure is made using chicken manure

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