CN102870594B - Method for culturing hericium erinaceus through tobacco stem facility - Google Patents

Method for culturing hericium erinaceus through tobacco stem facility Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102870594B
CN102870594B CN201110198394.2A CN201110198394A CN102870594B CN 102870594 B CN102870594 B CN 102870594B CN 201110198394 A CN201110198394 A CN 201110198394A CN 102870594 B CN102870594 B CN 102870594B
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Prior art keywords
hericium erinaceus
cigarette stalk
tobacco stem
controlled
facility
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CN201110198394.2A
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CN102870594A (en
Inventor
林兴生
罗海凌
林占熺
揭淑华
林辉
林冬梅
林应兴
林占森
林春梅
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Fujian Zhengyuan JUNCAO International Cooperation Co.,Ltd.
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BACTERIAL GRASS TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co FUJIAN AGRICULTURE UNIV
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for culturing hericium erinaceus through a tobacco stem facility, belongs to an edible fungus culture method in agricultural production and simultaneously relates to agricultural facility culture. The method provided by the invention comprises the following steps of: harvesting tobacco stems; crushing into tobacco stem powder; drying; composting and fermenting; preparing a hericium erinaceus culture medium according to the components and weight part of a formula; uniformly mixing raw materials, and bagging; and controlling facility culture conditions and thus realizing hericium erinaceus culture. According to the method provided by the invention, comprehensive development of abundant tobacco stem waste is realized, harm is turned into good and the tobacco stem waste is turned into hericium erinaceus which doubles as medicine and food through hericium erinaceus via the tobacco stem, so that not only the method for culturing hericium erinaceus is widened, and wood resources are saved, but also the added value of tobacco planting is improved. The method provided by the invention not only improves the income of farmers, but also benefits the protection of the ecological environment in the rural district.

Description

Utilize the method for cigarette stalk facility cultivation Hericium erinaceus
Technical field
The present invention relates to the method for edible fungus culturing in agricultural production, relate to agricultural facility cultivation simultaneously, utilize specifically cigarette stalk as raw material, by the facility of drafting, a kind of method of cultivation Hericium erinaceus.
Background technology
Hericium erinaceus is a kind of macro fungi, is subordinate to hedgehog hydnum Cordycepps, Hericium.Hericium erinaceus fruiting body is spherical in shape, is covered with needle-like bacterium thorn as hair above, the spitting image of the head of little monkey, therefore claim hedgehog hydnum.
Hericium erinaceus is a kind of medicine-food two-purpose fungi, and its property is flat, and taste is sweet, the effects such as favourable the five internal organs, aid digestion, nourishing, anticancer, treatment neurasthenia.Development and the clinical testing of modern medicine technology prove, the intension that Hericium erinaceus medical value constantly makes new advances in excavation, and the medical value of Hericium erinaceus is mainly manifested in the following aspects: 1, antiulcer and antiinflammatory action.2, improve body's hypoxia tolerance, increase heart blood output quantity, accelerate body blood circulation.3, the effect of liver protection function 4, anti-aging effects 5, reduction blood sugar and blood fat.6, antitumor action.Domesticly the digestive system disease such as indigestion, duodenal ulcer, stomach ulcer, cancer of the esophagus, cancer of the stomach have been widely used in curing.
Tobacco is a kind of economic crops, has special economic and is worth, and tobacco is after the tobacco leaf of gathering, its cigarette stalk often becomes discarded object, or is abandoned in field, becomes agricultural solid residue contaminated environment, or burned and cause atmospheric pollution, both wasted resource, destroyed again ecotope.
The main component of cigarette stalk is carbonaceous material, mainly xylem, phloem and marrow portion three parts, consists of, so can be used as the culturing raw material of Hericium erinaceus.
By utilizing abundant cigarette stalk waste material facility cultivation Hericium erinaceus, cigarette stalk is carried out to comprehensive exploitation, make it to turn harm into good, not only improved the added value of plantation tobacco, increase farmers' income, and be conducive to protect Ecological Environment.
Traditional Hericium erinaceus produces that mainly to take linden, wood chip etc. be primary raw material, in order to protect forest resources, China Duo Di government all to a certain extent restriction use timber culturing edible fungus, restricted in a sense the development of bacterium industry.
Traditional cultivating method for edible fungi is subject to seasonal restrictions, and product yield is low, of poor quality, benefit is low, serious waste of resources, bears the ability of natural risk, and the ability of bearing the market risk is more weak.Edible mushroom facility cultivation has been introduced environment controlling technique, for mushroom class provides optimum growth conditions, be completely free of the disadvantage of the traditional farming production model of that " living at the mercy of the elements " in the past, the round-the-clock production of energy, can realize the production cultivation anniversary, target level of product quality.
From comprising that the retrieval of the interrelated data of Chinese patent shows, there is not yet at present, utilize cigarette stalk facility cultivation Hericium erinaceus both at home and abroad, thus the relevant report of recycling cigarette stalk.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to make full use of a large amount of cigarette straw waste facility cultivation Hericium erinaceus that tobacco produces in producing, turn harm into good, recycling cigarette stalk has been widened the method for Hericium erinaceus culture simultaneously, realizes Hericium erinaceus annually cultivating.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: utilize cigarette stalk by facility cultivation Hericium erinaceus, realize the method for cigarette stalk recycling, it is characterized in that:
One cigarette stalk is got the raw materials ready
1) cigarette stalk harvesting: the cigarette stalk that gathers in the tobacco leaf of having gathered;
2) pulverize: the particle (cigarette stalk powder) that cigarette stalk is ground into diameter 3mm~4mm;
3) dry: by drying or drying, wherein used cigarette stalk powder water content is 25~40%, as the cigarette stalk powder water content that long term storage is standby, is down to 12~15%;
4) fermentation reactor system: add 2% limewash to carry out composting in cigarette stalk powder, ferment 6 days, turning therebetween 1 time;
Two Hericium erinaceus culture medium prescriptions:
1) component of culture medium prescription and weight ratio
Cigarette stalk powder (by siccative) 65~35% after fermentation, wheat bran 20%, wood chip 13~43%, gypsum 1%, lime 1%; Material-water ratio is 1: 1.2
2) by each material rate in Hericium erinaceus culture medium prescription, weigh, each raw material is mixed to rear pack.
3) Protected Cultivation is controlled: the temperature of hericium mycelium growth is controlled at 22 ± 1 ℃, and half-light is cultivated, and relative air humidity is less than 70%; Temperature when former base forms is controlled at 20 ± 1 ℃, and the temperature that sporophore growth is grown is 18 ± 1 ℃, and relative air humidity is controlled at 83~88%, illumination 50Lux.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: because the present invention carries out comprehensive exploitation to abundant cigarette stalk waste material, by utilizing cigarette stalk cultivation Hericium erinaceus, thereby make it to turn harm into good, be converted into the Hericium erinaceus of medicine, food dual-purpose, both widened the method for Hericium erinaceus culture, save timber resources, improved again the added value of plantation tobacco.Not only increase farmers' income, also helped protection Ecological Environment.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:
1) cigarette stalk harvesting: the cigarette stalk that gathers in the tobacco leaf of having gathered;
2) pulverize: the particle (cigarette stalk powder) that cigarette stalk is ground into diameter 3mm~4mm;
3) dry: by the cigarette stalk powder water content of drying or drying, to be 25~40%;
4) fermentation reactor system: add 2% limewash to carry out composting in cigarette stalk powder, ferment 6 days, turning therebetween 1 time;
4) Hericium erinaceus culture medium prescription:
Cigarette stalk powder (by siccative) 65% after fermentation, wheat bran 20%, wood chip 13%, gypsum 1%, lime 1%; Material-water ratio is 1: 1.2
5) by each material rate in above-mentioned Hericium erinaceus culture medium prescription, weigh, each raw material is mixed to rear pack.
6) Protected Cultivation is controlled: the temperature of hericium mycelium growth is controlled at 22 ± 1 ℃, and half-light is cultivated, and relative air humidity is less than 70%; Temperature when former base forms is controlled at 20 ± 1 ℃, and the temperature that sporophore growth is grown is 18 ± 1 ℃, and relative air humidity is controlled at 83~88%, illumination 50Lux.
Embodiment 2:
1) cigarette stalk harvesting: the cigarette stalk that gathers in the tobacco leaf of having gathered;
2) pulverize: the particle (cigarette stalk powder) that cigarette stalk is ground into diameter 3mm~4mm;
3) dry: by the cigarette stalk powder water content of drying or drying, to be 25~40%;
4) fermentation reactor system: add 2% limewash to carry out composting in cigarette stalk powder, ferment 6 days, turning therebetween 1 time;
4) Hericium erinaceus culture medium prescription:
Cigarette stalk powder (by siccative) 45% after fermentation, wheat bran 20%, wood chip 33%, gypsum 1%, lime 1%; Material-water ratio is 1: 1.2
5) by each material rate in above-mentioned Hericium erinaceus culture medium prescription, weigh, each raw material is mixed to rear pack.
6) Protected Cultivation is controlled: the temperature of hericium mycelium growth is controlled at 22 ± 1 ℃, and half-light is cultivated, and relative air humidity is less than 70%; Temperature when former base forms is controlled at 20 ± 1 ℃, and the temperature that sporophore growth is grown is 18 ± 1 ℃, and relative air humidity is controlled at 83~88%, illumination 50Lux.
Embodiment 3:
1) cigarette stalk harvesting: the cigarette stalk that gathers in the tobacco leaf of having gathered;
2) pulverize: the particle (cigarette stalk powder) that cigarette stalk is ground into diameter 3mm~4mm;
3) dry: as the standby cigarette stalk powder of long term storage, by drying or drying, to make water content be down to 12~15%;
4) it is identical with embodiment 1 or 2 when the standby cigarette stalk powder of long term storage is used.

Claims (1)

1. utilize cigarette stalk by facility cultivation Hericium erinaceus, realize the method for cigarette stalk recycling, it is characterized in that:
One cigarette stalk is got the raw materials ready
1) cigarette stalk harvesting: the cigarette stalk that gathers in the tobacco leaf of having gathered;
2) pulverize: the particle that cigarette stalk is ground into diameter 3mm~4mm;
3) dry: by drying or drying, wherein used cigarette stalk powder water content is 25~40%, as the cigarette stalk powder water content that long term storage is standby, is down to 12~15%;
4) fermentation reactor system: add 2% limewash to carry out composting in cigarette stalk powder, ferment 6 days, turning therebetween 1 time;
Two Hericium erinaceus culture medium prescriptions:
1) component of culture medium prescription and weight ratio
Cigarette stalk powder 65~35% after fermentation, wheat bran 20%, wood chip 13~43%, gypsum 1%, lime 1%; Material-water ratio is 1: 1.2;
2) by each material rate in Hericium erinaceus culture medium prescription, weigh, each raw material is mixed to rear pack;
3) Protected Cultivation is controlled: the temperature of hericium mycelium growth is controlled at 22 ± 1 ℃, and half-light is cultivated, and relative air humidity is less than 70%; Temperature when former base forms is controlled at 20 ± 1 ℃, and the temperature that sporophore growth is grown is 18 ± 1 ℃, and relative air humidity is controlled at 83~88%, illumination 50Lux.
CN201110198394.2A 2011-07-14 2011-07-14 Method for culturing hericium erinaceus through tobacco stem facility Active CN102870594B (en)

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103408368B (en) * 2013-08-03 2014-12-24 邬金飞 Compatibility and manufacturing method of Hericium erinaceus cultivation material
CN103392514B (en) * 2013-08-20 2015-04-08 罗定市桂之神生物科技有限公司 Method for cultivating edible mushroom by using cinnamon sawdust
CN105254364A (en) * 2015-09-15 2016-01-20 上海雪榕生物科技股份有限公司 Formula capable of replacing wood chip and shortening fruiting time
CN107721598A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-02-23 贵州毕节乌蒙富民菌业发展有限公司 A kind of cigarette straw medium for White mushroom cultivation and preparation method thereof
CN108522141A (en) * 2018-05-04 2018-09-14 习水县富农菌业种植农民专业合作社 A method of planting Hericium erinaceus using straw
CN109673382A (en) * 2019-02-20 2019-04-26 文山学院 A method of Hericium erinaceus is cultivated using Radix Notoginseng undesirable root

Citations (2)

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CN1037440A (en) * 1988-05-05 1989-11-29 刘学系 Method with tobacco or Eupatorium adenophorum cultivating flammulina velutipes or Hericium erinaceus
CN101941870A (en) * 2010-09-09 2011-01-12 上海市农业科学院 Compost for artificially culturing hericium erinaceus

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1037440A (en) * 1988-05-05 1989-11-29 刘学系 Method with tobacco or Eupatorium adenophorum cultivating flammulina velutipes or Hericium erinaceus
CN101941870A (en) * 2010-09-09 2011-01-12 上海市农业科学院 Compost for artificially culturing hericium erinaceus

Non-Patent Citations (5)

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林中麟等.烟秆替代木屑栽培真姬菇初探.《食用菌》.2011,第33卷(第3期),第39-40页.
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Address before: Jinshan JUNCAO research Fujian Agriculture And Forestry University Fuzhou 350002 Fujian Province

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