CN104429589A - Method for producing monkey head mushrooms through sisal hemp waste residues - Google Patents

Method for producing monkey head mushrooms through sisal hemp waste residues Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104429589A
CN104429589A CN201410590978.8A CN201410590978A CN104429589A CN 104429589 A CN104429589 A CN 104429589A CN 201410590978 A CN201410590978 A CN 201410590978A CN 104429589 A CN104429589 A CN 104429589A
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hericium erinaceus
sisal hemp
fermentation
temperature
hemp waste
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梁莲香
钟静海
龚卫新
韦秀学
叶金仁
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FUSUI PRODUCTIVITY PROMOTION CENTER
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FUSUI PRODUCTIVITY PROMOTION CENTER
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor

Abstract

Provided is a method for producing monkey head mushrooms through sisal hemp waste residues. Monkey head mushroom cultivation materials comprise the following raw materials: by weight, 80 to 100 parts of the sisal hemp waste residues, 30 to 40 parts of coconut shells and10 to 20 parts of chinese weeping cypress leaves. Hot fermentation is carried out on the monkey head mushroom cultivation materials in advance, the sisal hemp waste residues are smashed firstly, lime and strains are added, water is sprayed after full mixing, and mixtures are covered with a thin film for fermentation for three to five days. Then, pile turning is carried out, the coconut shells and the chinese weeping cypress leaves are scattered into the cultivation materials and mixed evenly, piling is carried out again, film covering fermentation is carried out for two to three days, after pile turning is carried out two to three times in this way, even mixing is carried out, temperature rises to 70 DEG C to 80 DEG C, sterilization is carried out for 15 hours, room temperature is achieved through cooling, the strains are inoculated, and the monkey head mushrooms can come into leaf after 20 to 25 days. The sisal hemp waste residues are adopted as the cultivation materials of the monkey head mushrooms, energy consumption in the production process of the monkey head mushrooms can be reduced, the spawn running time consumed after inoculation of the monkey head mushrooms can be shortened, the monkey head mushroom yield can be improved, and cultivation cost can be lowered.

Description

Sisal hemp waste residue is utilized to produce the method for Hericium erinaceus
Technical field
The invention belongs to fungus growing technique, relate to a kind of method utilizing strain fermentation sisal dregs to produce Hericium erinaceus.
Background technology
Hericium erinaceus (Hericium erinaceus), have another name called Hericium erinaceus, hedgehog bacterium, cauliflower bacterium, to face mushroom.It is the famous pharmaceutical fungi and edible fungi of China.It is Fresh & Tender in Texture good to eat, is described as " mountain delicacy ", equally celebrated for their achievements with bear's paw, bird's nest, shark's fin for a long time.Hericium erinaceus is nutritious, containing 26.3 grams, protein in every 100 grams of dry products, and 4.2 grams, fat, 44.9 grams, carbohydrate, raw fiber 6.4 grams, 85.6 milligrams, phosphorus, iron 18 milligrams, calcium 2 milligrams.Also containing vitamin B1, vitamin B2, carotin and 16 seed amino acids, wherein 7 kinds is that human body is necessary.The flat taste of Hericium erinaceus property is sweet, and favourable the five internal organs, aid digestion, the effect such as nourish the body.Polysaccharide in Hydnum erinaceus sporophore and polypeptides matter, can improve body's immunity, has obvious inhibitory action to small white mouse sarcoma 180.Domesticly to make " hedgehog fungus tablet " with hericium mycelium, be used for the treatment of stomach ulcer, chronic gastritis, atrophic gastritis, also have certain curative effect to cancer of the stomach, cancer of the esophagus.Along with the raising of living standards of the people, Hericium erinaceus also enters average family, particularly after SARS, the nutrition of Hericium erinaceus and medical value are familiar with more, Hericium erinaceus market comsupton is anxious to be increased, become the high-grade gift that relatives and friends give a present, the wide market demand makes artificial cultivation develop rapidly.Hericium erinaceus is a kind of wood decay fungi, is born in the withered place of the crotches such as toothed oak tree at natural world more.Wild Hericium erinaceus is mainly in autumn.Artificial cultivation is economized in Zhejiang, Hebei etc. and is formed scale, and culture technique is ripe.
One, Main Biological
(1) morphological feature Hericium erinaceus is gained the name as the head of monkey because of fruit body.Fruit body head, not branch, white (dry fruit body surface is in ecru), size 5 ~ 20cm.Meat, interior real, stockless, base portion attachment region is narrow.Except base portion, external covering bacterium thorn, stings sagging.During artificial cultivation, Hericium erinaceus base portion Chang Yin is born in bottleneck or sack and presents short handle shape.Long 1 ~ the 5cm of bacterium thorn, thick 1 ~ 2cm, aciculiform.Basidiospore is spherical, and diameter 5.5 ~ 7.5 × 5 μm, includes an oil droplet, and spore is in white.The basidiospore of Hericium erinaceus sprouts formation "+", "-" uninucleate hyphae (or claiming primary hypha) under optimum conditions, and form nucleated mycelium when "+" and "-" uninucleate hyphae combines, nucleated mycelium has clamp connection, and nutrition is assembled in growth could form fruit body.
(2) nutritive peculiarity Hericium erinaceus likes the wooden saprophytic bacteria in the growth of withered crotch place, and it self can not manufacture nutrient, relies on nutrient hypha completely and decompose the nutriment in absorption base and support the family.In acid condition, it decomposes the very capable of lignin.Nutriment required for Hericium erinaceus has carbon source, nitrogenous source, mineral element and vitamin etc.1, carbon source carbon source is the important source of nutrition of Hericium erinaceus, and it can not only provide carbon nutrition, as synthetic carbohydrate and amino acid whose raw material; Meanwhile, it is again important energy source.The carbon nutrition that Hericium erinaceus absorbs, about 20% for the synthesis of cellular material, and 80% to sustain life activity for generation of energy.Quercus acutissima, cork oak, the blue or green just seeds such as oak, live oak wood chip, and cotton seed hulls is all manually cultivate the economic and excellent carbon source of Hericium erinaceus.Other, also can as the carbon source of Hericium erinaceus as bagasse, vinasse, corncob, sorghum husk etc.The carbon source that Hericium erinaceus can directly absorb is glucose, sucrose and organic acid etc.Other are as macromolecular substances such as lignin, cellulose, hemicelluloses, and the enzyme that must be first secreted by mycelia, just can absorb after being broken down into simple sugar.2, nitrogenous source nitrogenous source is Hericium erinaceus synthetic protein and the indispensable raw material of nucleic acid.The quality of hericium mycelium and sporophore growth, closely related with the content of culture media nitrogen source.As in potato dextrose agar, increase by the peptone of 0.5%, mycelial growth is dense, and substrate mycelium is many, and fruit-body formation early.Hericium mycelium bulk-growth requires carbon source, the ratio of nitrogenous source is advisable with about 20:1, and hericium erinaceus fruiting body formation stages is advisable with 30 ~ 40:1.3, mineral element Hericium erinaceus grows mineral elements such as also needing phosphorus, calcium, potassium, magnesium, zinc, cobalt, molybdenum, iron, copper, and their major function forms cell component, as the component of enzyme, maintains the effect of enzyme and regulates Premeabilisation of cells pressure etc.4, to be that Hericium erinaceus grows requisite for vitamin B complex vitamin, but its consumption is less, and in general medium, Cmax is 0.01 ~ 0.1 mg/litre.
Hericium erinaceus is nutritious, delicious flavour, and the resistance of Hericium erinaceus and adaptability are all very strong, and widely, raw material and the method that can cultivate Hericium erinaceus at present also get more and more available culturing raw material.
As Chinese patent: a kind of method utilizing cathay hickory production and processing discarded object to make Hericium erinaceus culture material, Application Number (patent): the CN201310502435.1 applying date: the open day for announcing: the 2014.01.08 of 2013.10.24 application publication number: CN103497027A
Main classification number: C05G1/00 (2006.01) I classification number: C05G1/00 (2006.01) I; C05F17/00 (2006.01) I holder of the application: Wu Fang becomes invention designer: Wu Fangcheng, summary: a kind of Hericium erinaceus culture material, it is characterized in that with cathay hickory branch bits, Pu shell bits, shell bits for primary raw material, be aided with the auxiliary materials such as cotton seed hulls, rice bran, soya-bean cake, superphosphate, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, land plaster, the water content of planting material is 63%-65%.Content of the present invention also comprises the preparation method of this planting material.The invention has the advantages that: one is cathay hickory branch bits, Pu shell bits, shell bits, through sunlight exposure, secondary fermentation or accumulation ripening, has both eliminated poisonous bateriostatics, and has made again macromolecular substances degrade, and be conducive to the absorption of hericium mycelium; Two is that culture utilization is reasonable, PH is suitable for, and hericium mycelium growth is fine and close, and fruit body growing way is good, and biological efficiency reaches 123.5%-135.1%; Three be not only hickory branch, Pu shell, shell harmless treatment provide a solution, also for Hericium erinaceus culture have found a kind of new matrix.
Chinese patent: a kind of Hericium erinaceus culture base and cultivation method thereof, Application Number (patent): the CN201310283734.0 applying date: 2013.07.08 application publication number: the CN103396208A open day for announcing: 2013.11.20 Main classification number: C05G3/00 (2006.01) I
Classification number: C05G3/00 (2006.01) I; A01G1/04 (2006.01) I holder of the application: Anhui Jinqilin Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd., invention designer: Deng Tao, summary: the cultivation method of a kind of Hericium erinaceus, its cultivation base is prepared from by following parts by weight of component: wood chip 65-70, walnut shell 12-17, goldenrod 5-6, vinegar grain 1-2, wheat bran 12-15, dregs of beans 5-8, land plaster 1-2, cicada shedding 1-2, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.2-0.3, citric acid waste 1-2, gynostemma pentaphyllum powder 1-2, Japanese Metaplexis Pericarp powder 1-2, hawthorn powder 0.5-0.8, trifoliate-orange leaf powder 1-2, modified zeolite powder 3-4.Each component to be mixed in proportion, then the mixing that adds water, rear pack, sterilizing, inoculation, send out a bacterium room and send out bacterium, fruiting, to gather.This cultivation base scientific formulation, the Hericium erinaceus cultivated is nutritious, trace element and vitamin, calcium content high, also there is antihypertensive health care function, and anti-infection ability is strong during Hericium erinaceus fruiting, Hericium erinaceus output is high, discarded object is become edible material simultaneously, play the effect turned waste into wealth, for conservation-minded society contributes.
Chinese patent: a kind of Hericium erinaceus culture base-material and preparation method thereof, Application Number (patent): the CN201310348402.6 applying date: 2013.08.12 application publication number: the CN103449858A open day for announcing: 2013.12.18 Main classification number: C05F15/00 (2006.01) I classification number: C05F15/00 (2006.01) I; C05F17/00 (2006.01) I holder of the application: Fengtai County Xing Zhan edible mushroom Co., Ltd invention designer: Zhang Shijun, summary: a kind of Hericium erinaceus culture base-material is prepared from by the component raw material of following weight portion: rape stalk particle 30-50, broomcorn straw particle 30-40, cocoa husk particle 10-15, wheat bran 16-18, expired milk powder 8-10, wild pepper seed 4-6, egg-shell meal 8-10, calcium carbonate 0.3-0.5, quicklime 1-5, slow-release nutrient particle 5-10.The Hericium erinaceus biological transformation ratio cultivated by this cultivation base stock is high, and nutrition is abundanter, improves liver-smoothing, qi-regulating health-care efficacy simultaneously, the long-term edible health-care efficacy having liver-smoothing, qi-regulating, reduce the incidence of disease of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
Chinese patent: a kind of method utilizing ramulus mori high-yield culture high-quality Hericium erinaceus, Application Number (patent): CN201210287777.1
The applying date: 2012.08.14 application publication number: the CN103583227A open day for announcing: 2014.02.19 Main classification number: A01G1/04 (2006.01) I classification number: A01G1/04 (2006.01) I; C05G3/00 (2006.01) I holder of the application: Yulin City institute of microbiology invention designer: Lu Yuwen; Liang Yun; Old snow phoenix, summary: disclose a kind of method utilizing ramulus mori to cultivate high-quality Hericium erinaceus, belong to twice laid and fungus growing technique.The present invention selects Hericium erinaceus excellent species, and the method adopting bag to plant is carried out, and the high-yield culturing Hericium erinaceus formula of ramulus mori bits is: ramulus mori 35% ~ 50%, cotton seed hull 27% ~ 30%, wood chip 0% ~ 12%, wheat bran 17%, corn flour 3%, gypsum 1%, general calcium 1%, white sugar 1%, wherein optimization formula is: ramulus mori 35%, cotton seed hull 30%, wood chip 12%, wheat bran 17%, corn flour 3%, gypsum 1%, general calcium 1%, white sugar 1%.The method output is high, can reach 1.31 kilograms/bag, and average conversion is 104.0%, and input-output ratio reaches 1: 3.3.
Chinese patent: the cultivation method of a kind of fibrous sugarcane straw cultivation Hericium erinaceus, Application Number (patent): the CN201410202997.9 applying date: the open day for announcing: the 2014.08.06 of 2014.05.14 application publication number: CN103960049A
Main classification number: A01G1/04 (2006.01) I classification number: A01G1/04 (2006.01) I; C05F17/00 (2006.01) I holder of the application: thank to beautiful invention designer: the Xie Guangyu of light, summary: the cultivation method of a kind of fibrous sugarcane straw cultivation Hericium erinaceus, utilize fibrous sugarcane stalk as the primary raw material cultivating culture medium of edible fungus, by sugarcane pole-footing according to Hericium erinaceus culture need be processed into different length and broken degree by mechanical crushing, as the primary raw material of medium needed for culturing edible fungus.The raw material forming composts or fertilisers of cultivating press row parts by weight, sugarcane stalk fibre 70 ~ 79%, wheat bran 20 ~ 29%, land plaster 1%.PH value 6; Raw material after configuration mix with water, and then build heap fermentation, bed built by stone, sowing, management of producing mushroom.The Hericium erinaceus cultivated by the method has low cultivating cost, output is high, best in quality, vegetative period is short advantage, is applicable to producing enforcement greenhouse, sugarcane district or the cultivation of sunshade area.
And for example periodical: autograph: pine sawdust cultivation Hericium erinaceus test bulletin, author: Huang Wenguo, Zhou Yueqin; Mechanism area: edible mushroom Development Office of Yongan City, Fujian Province city; Source: " edible mushroom " the 19th volume the 2nd phase 25-25 page in 1997, totally 1 page of summary: most of edible seedling should not utilize pine sawdust to cultivate, and pine resource is very abundant, Jin Wo city just has thousands of tons of pine sawdust to be burnt every year or naturally rots, and can not fully effectively utilize.For this reason, We conducted the test of pine sawdust cultivation Hericium erinaceus, succeed, and select optimum formula to promote in the whole city, achieve good economic benefit.
Periodical: autograph: corncob different formulations cultivation Hericium erinaceus test, autograph: corncob different formulations cultivation Hericium erinaceus test; Author: Li Ming, Ha Baoru; Source: " edible fungi of china " the 3rd phase summary in 1996: our province is corn producing region, corncob aboundresources, and cheap, but major part is burnt or naturally rot, and can not fully effectively utilize.For this reason, the author has carried out the test of corncob cultivation Hericium erinaceus, is intended to select optimum formula, and existing report is as follows.
Above patent and each periodical Hericium erinaceus culture technology respectively have advantage, be all that cultivation Hericium erinaceus provides diverse ways and culture matrix, but culture matrix does not all add zymophyte help fermenting raw materials, can not accelerate raw material and become thoroughly decomposed, biological efficiency is low, Hericium erinaceus bad and output lower.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for above problem, utilize strain fermentation sisal hemp waste residue as Hericium erinaceus matrix, the quantity of the matrix that has additional nutrients megathermal period microorganism, accelerate the rapid conversion of difficult degradation raw material organic substance, promotion organic matter degradation, raising megathermal period temperature, prolongation megathermal period quickening raw material are become thoroughly decomposed, improve raw material biological efficiency, Hericium erinaceus abundant nutrition material is provided.The present invention utilizes strain fermentation sisal hemp waste residue to produce the method for Hericium erinaceus, accelerates raw material and becomes thoroughly decomposed, and promotes that biological efficiency transforms, improves the output of Hericium erinaceus quality and Hericium erinaceus.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Utilize sisal hemp waste residue to produce a method for Hericium erinaceus, it is characterized in that, Hericium erinaceus culture material comprises the raw material of following parts by weight: sisal hemp waste residue 80-100; Cocoa husk 30-40; Chinese weeping cypress leaf 10-20; Described Hericium erinaceus culture material needs to carry out hot fermentation in advance, first that sisal hemp waste residue is dry, adds and accounts for total lime of composts or fertilisers of cultivating consumption 3 ~ 5% and the bacterial classification of 3 ~ 5%, fully trickle after mixing, water content 55-65%, and pH value is 4-6, covers film, fermentation 3-5 days; By the planting material turning after fermentation, then cocoa husk and Chinese weeping cypress leaf are sprinkled in composts or fertilisers of cultivating, mix thoroughly, recurrence heap, overlay film fermentation 2-3 days, after so carrying out turning 2-3 time, mix thoroughly, be warmed up to 70-80 DEG C, keep sterilizing in 15 hours, be cooled to 20-28 DEG C.
Its production method is as follows:
(1) planting material pack sterilizing: with high density low-pressure polyethylene cultivation bag, specification is 16c m ~ 18c m × 38 ~ 42c m × 0.03 ~ 0.06 c m, the composts or fertilisers of cultivating loaded in bag wants degree of tightness appropriateness, uniformity, and after installing material, sack rope ties, adopt normal-pressure sterilization, when stove or kettle temperature reach 100 DEG C, keep constant temperature 8 ~ 12 h, cease fire, open stove after utilizing the vexed 5-8 h of waste heat to take the dish out of the pot, be cooled to 23.5 ~ 28.5 DEG C and move to transfer room inoculation;
(2) send out bacterium to cultivate: postvaccinal bacterium bag is transported in the culturing room of having sterilized in time, and between bacterium bag, temperature controls at 16 ~ 24 DEG C, and culturing room should add forced ventilation, keep air fresh, relative air humidity controls 80% ~ 90%, and shading is cultivated;
(3) management of producing mushroom: move into mushroom room in time after mycelia purseful, put in fruiting canopy in the mode of pier, bottom should pave 6-8cm, light scattering, adds forced ventilation, strengthens day and night temperature, to mushroom canopy ground and wall water spray, keep relative air humidity 86% ~ 92%, temperature remains on 12 ~ 22 DEG C, the suitableeest fruiting temperature 15 ~ 19 DEG C;
(4) adopt mushroom: fruit body size is substantially considerable, solid, and spore does not also fall, bacterium thorn length 1-1.5cm, when gathering, on the other hand pins composts or fertilisers of cultivating, and hericium erinaceus fruiting body revolves by another hand gently to be pulled up, and then carries out point grade packaged.
Described bacterial classification is the combination bacterial classification of cellulose-decomposing bacteria, saccharomyces cerevisiae and bacillus subtilis, cultivating process needs to carry out high temperature acclimation, high temperature acclimation be by buy from microorganism center or market cellulose-decomposing bacteria, saccharomyces cerevisiae and bacillus subtilis, add domestic birds and animals ight soil, rubbish mud, ferrous sulfate and straw, its weight proportion is 10:10:10:10:10:1:20, ferment to 50-70 DEG C and become thoroughly decomposed completely, the fermentation mud obtained is as bacterial classification.
Described cocoa husk first dries before using and is ground into graininess with cracker again, crosses 40 mesh sieves.Country in Southeast Asia and China Hainan abound with coconut, and cocoa husk is rich in fiber, directly abandon a large amount of wastes causing fiber.Take coconut shell powder as the composts or fertilisers of cultivating that raw material makes Hericium erinaceus, not only reduce the cost of composts or fertilisers of cultivating, and facilitate the resource reutilization of cocoa husk, solve agricultural wastes pollution problem.Cocoa husk contains ash content 0.61%, lignin 36.51%, cellulose 53.06%, pentosan 29.27% (total amount).Cellulose contains into glycan 20.54%, and in ash content, principal component is potassium hydroxide (KOH), the nutriment containing abundant suitable edible fungi growth.
Described Chinese weeping cypress leaf is the Chinese weeping cypress leaf of fresh harvesting without solarization dry treatment, obtains after pulverizing.Chinese weeping cypress leaf is the branches and leaves of Cupressaceae plant cypress.The whole year can adopt, and clip branches and leaves, dry in the shade.Branches and leaves are dendroid.The tiny scale shape of leaf, the sharp point of tip, tight adhesion is on sprig, but on larger branch, blade tip is not close to and is formed thorn-like and give prominence to; Blade face yellow green or celadon; Sprig sepia.Matter is crisp, easily broken.Gas is light, puckery.[nature and flavor] 1. " classify herbal ": " pained." 2. " Chongqing herbal medicine ": " bitter is pungent, warm in nature, nontoxic." [function cures mainly] controls haematemesis, bloody flux, hemorrhoid, scalds.1. " classify herbal ": " and blood.Control intestines wind hemorrhoid to swell, dysentery, spit blood; Hold concurrently and be coated with children's's tinea favosa." 2. " Chongqing herbal medicine ": " hemostasia and promoting granulation, controls knife wound." 3. " register planted by Guangxi medicine ": " controls hemoptysis, heart pain, Jinsuo disease." simultaneously, Chinese weeping cypress leaf contains abundant vegetable protein various nutrient elements, is the Hericium erinaceus that raw material is cultivated out, has higher nutritive value with Chinese weeping cypress leaf, and with low cost.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, the present invention utilizes high temperature bacterium to ferment sisal hemp waste residue as Hericium erinaceus matrix, the quantity of the matrix that has additional nutrients megathermal period microorganism, accelerate the rapid conversion of difficult degradation raw material organic substance, promotion organic matter degradation, raising megathermal period temperature, prolongation megathermal period quickening raw material are become thoroughly decomposed, improve raw material biological efficiency, there is provided Hericium erinaceus abundant nutrition material, the quality of improving product and raising Hericium erinaceus output, add economic benefit;
2, the present invention utilizes sisal hemp waste residue to produce the method for Hericium erinaceus, adds sisal hemp waste residue in composts or fertilisers of cultivating, can improve Hericium erinaceus output and reduce cultivation cost;
3, the present invention utilizes sisal hemp waste residue to produce the method for Hericium erinaceus, and add cocoa husk, cocoa husk contains ash content 0.61%, lignin 36.51%, cellulose 53.06%, pentosan 29.27% (total amount).Cellulose contains into glycan 20.54%, and in ash content, principal component is potassium hydroxide (KOH), the nutriment containing abundant suitable edible fungi growth;
4, the present invention utilizes sisal hemp waste residue to produce the method for Hericium erinaceus, and add Chinese weeping cypress leaf, Chinese weeping cypress leaf contains abundant vegetable protein various nutrient elements, is the Hericium erinaceus that raw material is cultivated out, has higher nutritive value with Chinese weeping cypress leaf, and with low cost;
5, the present invention utilizes sisal hemp waste residue to produce the method for Hericium erinaceus, the main sisal hemp waste residue that adopts as the planting material of Hericium erinaceus, can reduce Hericium erinaceus produce in energy consumption, shorten postvaccinal the bacterium time of Hericium erinaceus, the hericium erinaceus fruiting body of production is piece large, and output is high.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:
Planting material is fermented:
First 80 kilograms of sisal hemp waste residues are dry, add the bacterial classification of 4 kilograms of lime and 4 kilograms, fully trickle after mixing, water content 55-65%, pH value is 4-6, covers film, fermentation 3-5 days; By the planting material turning after fermentation, then 30 kilograms of cocoa husks and 10 kilograms of Chinese weeping cypress leafs are sprinkled in composts or fertilisers of cultivating, mix thoroughly, recurrence heap, overlay film fermentation 2-3 days, after so carrying out turning 2-3 time, mix thoroughly, be warmed up to 70-80 DEG C, keep sterilizing in 15 hours, be cooled to 20-28 DEG C.
Above-mentioned bacterial classification is the combination bacterial classification of cellulose-decomposing bacteria, saccharomyces cerevisiae and bacillus subtilis, cultivating process needs to carry out high temperature acclimation, high temperature acclimation be by buy from microorganism center or market cellulose-decomposing bacteria, saccharomyces cerevisiae and bacillus subtilis, add domestic birds and animals ight soil, rubbish mud, ferrous sulfate and straw, its weight proportion is 10:10:10:10:10:1:20, ferment to 50-70 DEG C and become thoroughly decomposed completely, the fermentation mud obtained is as bacterial classification.
Above-mentioned cocoa husk first dries before using and is ground into graininess with cracker again, crosses 40 mesh sieves; Above-mentioned Chinese weeping cypress leaf is the Chinese weeping cypress leaf of fresh harvesting without solarization dry treatment, obtains after pulverizing.
The method of producing Hericium erinaceus is as follows:
(1) planting material pack sterilizing: with high density low-pressure polyethylene cultivation bag, specification is 16c m ~ 18c m × 38 ~ 42c m × 0.03 ~ 0.06 c m, the composts or fertilisers of cultivating loaded in bag wants degree of tightness appropriateness, uniformity, and after installing material, sack rope ties, adopt normal-pressure sterilization, when stove or kettle temperature reach 100 DEG C, keep constant temperature 8 ~ 12 h, cease fire, open stove after utilizing the vexed 5-8 h of waste heat to take the dish out of the pot, be cooled to 23.5 ~ 28.5 DEG C and move to transfer room inoculation;
(2) send out bacterium to cultivate: postvaccinal bacterium bag is transported in the culturing room of having sterilized in time, and between bacterium bag, temperature controls at 16 ~ 24 DEG C, and culturing room should add forced ventilation, keep air fresh, relative air humidity controls 80% ~ 90%, and shading is cultivated;
(3) management of producing mushroom: move into mushroom room in time after mycelia purseful, put in fruiting canopy in the mode of pier, bottom should pave 6-8cm, light scattering, adds forced ventilation, strengthens day and night temperature, to mushroom canopy ground and wall water spray, keep relative air humidity 86% ~ 92%, temperature remains on 12 ~ 22 DEG C, the suitableeest fruiting temperature 15 ~ 19 DEG C;
(4) adopt mushroom: fruit body size is substantially considerable, solid, and spore does not also fall, bacterium thorn length 1-1.5cm, when gathering, on the other hand pins composts or fertilisers of cultivating, and hericium erinaceus fruiting body revolves by another hand gently to be pulled up, and then carries out point grade packaged.
Embodiment 2:
Planting material is fermented:
First 90 kilograms of sisal hemp waste residues are dry, add the bacterial classification of 5 kilograms of lime and 5 kilograms, fully trickle after mixing, water content 55-65%, pH value is 4-6, covers film, fermentation 3-5 days; By the planting material turning after fermentation, then 35 kilograms of cocoa husks and 15 kilograms of Chinese weeping cypress leafs are sprinkled in composts or fertilisers of cultivating, mix thoroughly, recurrence heap, overlay film fermentation 2-3 days, after so carrying out turning 2-3 time, mix thoroughly, be warmed up to 70-80 DEG C, keep sterilizing in 15 hours, be cooled to 20-28 DEG C.
Above-mentioned bacterial classification is the combination bacterial classification of cellulose-decomposing bacteria, saccharomyces cerevisiae and bacillus subtilis, cultivating process needs to carry out high temperature acclimation, high temperature acclimation be by buy from microorganism center or market cellulose-decomposing bacteria, saccharomyces cerevisiae and bacillus subtilis, add domestic birds and animals ight soil, rubbish mud, ferrous sulfate and straw, its weight proportion is 10:10:10:10:10:1:20, ferment to 50-70 DEG C and become thoroughly decomposed completely, the fermentation mud obtained is as bacterial classification.
Above-mentioned cocoa husk first dries before using and is ground into graininess with cracker again, crosses 40 mesh sieves; Above-mentioned Chinese weeping cypress leaf is the Chinese weeping cypress leaf of fresh harvesting without solarization dry treatment, obtains after pulverizing.
The method of producing Hericium erinaceus is as follows:
(1) planting material pack sterilizing: with high density low-pressure polyethylene cultivation bag, specification is 16c m ~ 18c m × 38 ~ 42c m × 0.03 ~ 0.06 c m, the composts or fertilisers of cultivating loaded in bag wants degree of tightness appropriateness, uniformity, and after installing material, sack rope ties, adopt normal-pressure sterilization, when stove or kettle temperature reach 100 DEG C, keep constant temperature 8 ~ 12 h, cease fire, open stove after utilizing the vexed 5-8 h of waste heat to take the dish out of the pot, be cooled to 23.5 ~ 28.5 DEG C and move to transfer room inoculation;
(2) send out bacterium to cultivate: postvaccinal bacterium bag is transported in the culturing room of having sterilized in time, and between bacterium bag, temperature controls at 16 ~ 24 DEG C, and culturing room should add forced ventilation, keep air fresh, relative air humidity controls 80% ~ 90%, and shading is cultivated;
(3) management of producing mushroom: move into mushroom room in time after mycelia purseful, put in fruiting canopy in the mode of pier, bottom should pave 6-8cm, light scattering, adds forced ventilation, strengthens day and night temperature, to mushroom canopy ground and wall water spray, keep relative air humidity 86% ~ 92%, temperature remains on 12 ~ 22 DEG C, the suitableeest fruiting temperature 15 ~ 19 DEG C;
(4) adopt mushroom: fruit body size is substantially considerable, solid, and spore does not also fall, bacterium thorn length 1-1.5cm, when gathering, on the other hand pins composts or fertilisers of cultivating, and hericium erinaceus fruiting body revolves by another hand gently to be pulled up, and then carries out point grade packaged.
Embodiment 3:
Planting material is fermented:
First 100 kilograms of sisal hemp waste residues are dry, add the bacterial classification of 7 kilograms of lime and 7 kilograms, fully trickle after mixing, water content 55-65%, pH value is 4-6, covers film, fermentation 3-5 days; By the planting material turning after fermentation, then 40 kilograms of Chinese weeping cypress leafs and 20 kilograms of mulberry bar powder are sprinkled in composts or fertilisers of cultivating, mix thoroughly, recurrence heap, overlay film fermentation 2-3 days, after so carrying out turning 2-3 time, mix thoroughly, be warmed up to 70-80 DEG C, keep sterilizing in 15 hours, be cooled to 20-28 DEG C.
Above-mentioned bacterial classification is the combination bacterial classification of cellulose-decomposing bacteria, saccharomyces cerevisiae and bacillus subtilis, cultivating process needs to carry out high temperature acclimation, high temperature acclimation be by buy from microorganism center or market cellulose-decomposing bacteria, saccharomyces cerevisiae and bacillus subtilis, add domestic birds and animals ight soil, rubbish mud, ferrous sulfate and straw, its weight proportion is 10:10:10:10:10:1:20, ferment to 50-70 DEG C and become thoroughly decomposed completely, the fermentation mud obtained is as bacterial classification.
Above-mentioned cocoa husk first dries before using and is ground into graininess with cracker again, crosses 40 mesh sieves; Above-mentioned Chinese weeping cypress leaf is the Chinese weeping cypress leaf of fresh harvesting without solarization dry treatment, obtains after pulverizing.
The method of producing Hericium erinaceus is as follows:
(1) planting material pack sterilizing: with high density low-pressure polyethylene cultivation bag, specification is 16c m ~ 18c m × 38 ~ 42c m × 0.03 ~ 0.06 c m, the composts or fertilisers of cultivating loaded in bag wants degree of tightness appropriateness, uniformity, and after installing material, sack rope ties, adopt normal-pressure sterilization, when stove or kettle temperature reach 100 DEG C, keep constant temperature 8 ~ 12 h, cease fire, open stove after utilizing the vexed 5-8 h of waste heat to take the dish out of the pot, be cooled to 23.5 ~ 28.5 DEG C and move to transfer room inoculation;
(2) send out bacterium to cultivate: postvaccinal bacterium bag is transported in the culturing room of having sterilized in time, and between bacterium bag, temperature controls at 16 ~ 24 DEG C, and culturing room should add forced ventilation, keep air fresh, relative air humidity controls 80% ~ 90%, and shading is cultivated;
(3) management of producing mushroom: move into mushroom room in time after mycelia purseful, put in fruiting canopy in the mode of pier, bottom should pave 6-8cm, light scattering, adds forced ventilation, strengthens day and night temperature, to mushroom canopy ground and wall water spray, keep relative air humidity 86% ~ 92%, temperature remains on 12 ~ 22 DEG C, the suitableeest fruiting temperature 15 ~ 19 DEG C;
(4) adopt mushroom: fruit body size is substantially considerable, solid, and spore does not also fall, bacterium thorn length 1-1.5cm, when gathering, on the other hand pins composts or fertilisers of cultivating, and hericium erinaceus fruiting body revolves by another hand gently to be pulled up, and then carries out point grade packaged.
Adopt above-described embodiment to cultivate Hericium erinaceus, even if winter, temperature was lower, sisal hemp waste residue still can be utilized to cultivate the Hericium erinaceus obtaining high yield, do not need to use high medium.In south, even if spring and autumn temperature reduces, do not need to rely on booth temperature control or Artificial Control temperature yet.
To be the present invention and to be added with cotton seed hulls 70% composts or fertilisers of cultivating, the weed tree sawdust of high temperature bacterium of the present invention, corncob composts or fertilisers of cultivating is not adopted to plant the culture bed result of carrying out measuring tempeature in Hericium erinaceus 23 Tian Shidui center:

Claims (4)

1. utilize sisal hemp waste residue to produce a method for Hericium erinaceus, it is characterized in that, Hericium erinaceus culture material comprises the raw material of following parts by weight: sisal hemp waste residue 80-100; Cocoa husk 30-40; Chinese weeping cypress leaf 10-20; Described Hericium erinaceus culture material needs to carry out hot fermentation in advance, first that sisal hemp waste residue is dry, adds and accounts for total lime of composts or fertilisers of cultivating consumption 3 ~ 5% and the bacterial classification of 3 ~ 5%, fully trickle after mixing, water content 55-65%, and pH value is 4-6, covers film, fermentation 3-5 days; By the planting material turning after fermentation, then cocoa husk and Chinese weeping cypress leaf are sprinkled in composts or fertilisers of cultivating, mix thoroughly, recurrence heap, overlay film fermentation 2-3 days, after so carrying out turning 2-3 time, mix thoroughly, be warmed up to 70-80 DEG C, keep sterilizing in 15 hours, be cooled to 20-28 DEG C;
Its production method is as follows:
(1) planting material pack sterilizing: with high density low-pressure polyethylene cultivation bag, specification is 16c m ~ 18c m × 38 ~ 42c m × 0.03 ~ 0.06 c m, the composts or fertilisers of cultivating loaded in bag wants degree of tightness appropriateness, uniformity, and after installing material, sack rope ties, adopt normal-pressure sterilization, when stove or kettle temperature reach 100 DEG C, keep constant temperature 8 ~ 12 h, cease fire, open stove after utilizing the vexed 5-8 h of waste heat to take the dish out of the pot, be cooled to 23.5 ~ 28.5 DEG C and move to transfer room inoculation;
(2) send out bacterium to cultivate: postvaccinal bacterium bag is transported in the culturing room of having sterilized in time, and between bacterium bag, temperature controls at 16 ~ 24 DEG C, and culturing room should add forced ventilation, keep air fresh, relative air humidity controls 80% ~ 90%, and shading is cultivated;
(3) management of producing mushroom: move into mushroom room in time after mycelia purseful, put in fruiting canopy in the mode of pier, bottom should pave 6-8cm, light scattering, adds forced ventilation, strengthens day and night temperature, to mushroom canopy ground and wall water spray, keep relative air humidity 86% ~ 92%, temperature remains on 12 ~ 22 DEG C, the suitableeest fruiting temperature 15 ~ 19 DEG C;
(4) adopt mushroom: fruit body size is substantially considerable, solid, and spore does not also fall, bacterium thorn length 1-1.5cm, when gathering, on the other hand pins composts or fertilisers of cultivating, and hericium erinaceus fruiting body revolves by another hand gently to be pulled up, and then carries out point grade packaged.
2. the method utilizing sisal hemp waste residue to produce Hericium erinaceus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described bacterial classification is the combination bacterial classification of cellulose-decomposing bacteria, saccharomyces cerevisiae and bacillus subtilis, cultivating process needs to carry out high temperature acclimation, high temperature acclimation be by buy from microorganism center or market cellulose-decomposing bacteria, saccharomyces cerevisiae and bacillus subtilis, add domestic birds and animals ight soil, rubbish mud, ferrous sulfate and straw, its weight proportion is 10:10:10:10:10:1:20, ferment to 50-70 DEG C and become thoroughly decomposed completely, the fermentation mud obtained is as bacterial classification.
3. the method utilizing sisal hemp waste residue to produce Hericium erinaceus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cocoa husk first dries before using and is ground into graininess with cracker again, crosses 40 mesh sieves.
4. the method utilizing sisal hemp waste residue to produce Hericium erinaceus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described Chinese weeping cypress leaf is the Chinese weeping cypress leaf of fresh harvesting without solarization dry treatment, obtains after pulverizing.
CN201410590978.8A 2014-10-29 2014-10-29 Method for producing monkey head mushrooms through sisal hemp waste residues Pending CN104429589A (en)

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CN105638242A (en) * 2016-01-01 2016-06-08 闫宝松 Method for cultivating hericium erinaceus in greenhouse without watering
CN106554224A (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-04-05 淮南市润吉生态农业有限公司 A kind of high-efficiency fermenting type Hericium erinaceus (Bull. Ex Fr.) Pers. compost and preparation method thereof
CN107006263A (en) * 2017-04-01 2017-08-04 贵州宏华农业发展有限公司 A kind of method for cultivating Agricus blazei
CN108578724A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-09-28 安徽省佳康食用菌科技开发有限责任公司 A kind of sterilizing methods for culture medium of edible fungus
CN108901592A (en) * 2018-07-09 2018-11-30 镇江市菇满园生态农业有限公司 A kind of compost and cultural method for cultivating Hericium erinaceus

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105638242A (en) * 2016-01-01 2016-06-08 闫宝松 Method for cultivating hericium erinaceus in greenhouse without watering
CN105638242B (en) * 2016-01-01 2018-08-28 闫宝松 Exempt from the method for pouring hydroponics Hericium erinaceus in a kind of canopy
CN106554224A (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-04-05 淮南市润吉生态农业有限公司 A kind of high-efficiency fermenting type Hericium erinaceus (Bull. Ex Fr.) Pers. compost and preparation method thereof
CN107006263A (en) * 2017-04-01 2017-08-04 贵州宏华农业发展有限公司 A kind of method for cultivating Agricus blazei
CN108578724A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-09-28 安徽省佳康食用菌科技开发有限责任公司 A kind of sterilizing methods for culture medium of edible fungus
CN108901592A (en) * 2018-07-09 2018-11-30 镇江市菇满园生态农业有限公司 A kind of compost and cultural method for cultivating Hericium erinaceus

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