CN103880543A - Culture medium for cultivating straw mushrooms and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Culture medium for cultivating straw mushrooms and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103880543A
CN103880543A CN201410115226.6A CN201410115226A CN103880543A CN 103880543 A CN103880543 A CN 103880543A CN 201410115226 A CN201410115226 A CN 201410115226A CN 103880543 A CN103880543 A CN 103880543A
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China
Prior art keywords
naphthylacetic acid
straw mushroom
culture base
culture medium
forchlorfenuron
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Pending
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CN201410115226.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
葛静波
陈春化
王浩东
沈业庭
季林章
孙晓亮
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SIYANG COUNTY INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
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SIYANG COUNTY INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
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Priority to CN201410115226.6A priority Critical patent/CN103880543A/en
Publication of CN103880543A publication Critical patent/CN103880543A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a culture medium for cultivating straw mushrooms and a preparation method thereof and relates to the technical field of edible mushroom cultivation, wherein the culture medium is composed of cotton seed hulls, cotton waste, stillage and dry sheep fescue as major materials, cow dung, plant ash, calcium superphosphate, urea, gypsum powder and quick lime as accessories, and also added with a naphthylacetic acid and forchlorfenuron. The preparation method of the culture medium comprises the steps of (1) material preparation, (2) pre-mixing, (3) mixing, (4) once fermentation and (5) bagging, and then obtaining the culture medium. The culture medium for cultivating the straw mushrooms and the preparation method have the advantages that the culture medium is rich in nutrition and capable of thoroughly meeting the growth requirements of the straw mushrooms, the components of the culture medium are mixed and fermented to cultivate the straw mushrooms, and therefore, the fruiting period can be prolonged, the sporocarps of the straw mushrooms grow robustly and vigorously, the yield is high, and the content of nutrient ingredients, in particular vitamins and partial mineral elements, in the straw mushrooms is remarkably higher than that in common straw mushrooms.

Description

Culture base-material of a kind of cultivating straw mushroom and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to the preparation method of culture base-material He this culture base-material in a kind of fungus growing technique field, particularly a kind of cultivating straw mushroom.
Background technology
Straw mushroom originates from the Nanhua Temple in Shaoguan, Guangdong, 300 Nian Qian China have started artificial culture, import countries in the world the about thirties in 20th century into by overseas Chinese, it is a kind of important tropical and subtropical zone mushroom class, it is the third-largest culturing edible fungus in the world, China's straw mushroom output occupies first of the world, is mainly distributed in South China.Straw mushroom is gained the name because being usually grown in moist rotten straw, fecund in Guangdong and Guangxi Provinces, Fujian, Jiangxi, Taiwan.Straw mushroom is nutritious, and delicious flavour has the title of " Volvariella volvacen ", " delicious food bind foot mushroom ".
Just, because of being of high nutritive value and long history of straw mushroom, China is a lot of for the plantation research of straw mushroom.Traditional Volvaria volvacea cultivation technology is taking straw as major ingredient, along with scientific and technological development, people can utilize multiple agricultural byproducts as major ingredient cultivating straw mushroom, but in high yield area, cultivating straw mushroom is still taking straw, wheat straw and maize straw etc. as main, the price that has raised on the one hand these agricultural byproducts, has increased cost, and the nutritive value of straw mushroom is not better developed on the other hand.
It is well-known that straw mushroom is the nutritive value enriching, and people, for the requirement of nutritive value and health-care effect, have promoted healthy and green development now, and the straw mushroom that nutritive value is higher is subject to people's favor.Should meet the better object of nutritive value, also will reduce costs as much as possible, be a megatrend of Volvaria volvacea cultivation.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: for above-mentioned deficiency, overcome the defect of prior art, the object of this invention is to provide a kind of preparation method of culture base-material He this culture base-material of cultivating straw mushroom.
A kind of culture base-material of cultivating straw mushroom, taking cotton seed hulls, waste cotton, vinasse, fescue grass hay as major ingredient, taking cow dung, plant ash, calcium superphosphate, urea, terra alba and unslaked lime as auxiliary material, and add naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenuron, wherein the mass fraction of each component is: cotton seed hulls 200-400 part, waste cotton 40-80 part, vinasse 20-45 part, fescue grass hay 40-75 part, cow dung 30-90 part, plant ash 10-25 part, calcium superphosphate 8-20 part, urea 5-10 part, terra alba 12-30 part, unslaked lime 50-200 part, naphthylacetic acid preparation 0.5-2 part and forchlorfenuron 1-3 part.
As preferably, vinasse are maize alcohol stillage, drying processing, and water content is between 15%-35%.
As preferably, naphthylacetic acid preparation is the powder particle that contains 70% naphthylacetic acid sodium salt.
A preparation method for the culture base-material of cultivating straw mushroom, comprises the following steps:
(1) get the raw materials ready: cotton seed hulls 200-400 part, waste cotton 40-80 part, vinasse 20-45 part, fescue grass hay 40-75 part, cow dung 30-90 part, plant ash 10-25 part, calcium superphosphate 8-20 part, urea 5-10 part, terra alba 12-30 part, unslaked lime 50-200 part, naphthylacetic acid preparation 0.5-2 part and forchlorfenuron 1-3 part;
(2) premix: the above-mentioned major ingredient and the auxiliary material that take are mixed, and stir, make Preblend, naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenuron are added in water, stir;
(3) mix: the water that is added with naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenuron is joined in Preblend, and stir, make compound;
(4) one time fermentation: after mixing, be 20-35 DEG C in temperature, the environment bottom fermentation of relative air humidity 70-85%;
(5) pack is made: the compound after above-mentioned one time fermentation is packed in bacterium bag, make cylindrically, culture base-material is made.
As preferably, the mass fraction of the water of interpolation is 400-600 part.
As preferably, the time in one time fermentation stage is 5-15 day.
Beneficial effect: culture base-material of cultivating straw mushroom provided by the invention and preparation method thereof, utilize nutritive value and the proportion relation of each component uniqueness of major ingredient and auxiliary material, make culture base-material nutritious, meet greatly straw mushroom growth required, naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenuron can help straw mushroom to grow better faster, and have no side effect, each component of culture base-material cultivating straw mushroom after mixed fermentation on the other hand, not only can extend the fruiting phase, and straw mushroom fruit body development stalwartness is vigorous, output is higher, each nutritive ingredient in straw mushroom, especially the content of VITAMIN and part mineral element is significantly higher than common straw mushroom.
Embodiment
In order further to understand the present invention, below in conjunction with embodiment, the preferred embodiment of the invention is described, but should be appreciated that these are described is for further illustrating the features and advantages of the present invention, instead of limiting to the claimed invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of culture base-material of cultivating straw mushroom, taking cotton seed hulls, waste cotton, maize alcohol stillage, fescue grass hay as major ingredient, taking cow dung, plant ash, calcium superphosphate, urea, terra alba and unslaked lime as auxiliary material, and add naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenuron, wherein the mass fraction of each component is: 1 part of 200 parts of cotton seed hullss, 40 parts of waste cottons, 20 parts of maize alcohol stillages, 40 parts, fescue grass hay, 30 parts of cow dungs, 10 parts of plant ash, 8 parts of calcium superphosphate, 5 parts, urea, 12 parts of terra albas, 50 parts of unslaked limes, 0.5 part, naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenuron.Wherein, naphthylacetic acid preparation is the powder particle that contains 70% naphthylacetic acid sodium salt.
A preparation method for the culture base-material of cultivating straw mushroom, comprises the following steps:
(1) get the raw materials ready: above-mentioned each component that takes mass fraction;
(2) premix: the above-mentioned major ingredient and the auxiliary material that take are mixed, and stir, make Preblend, naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenuron are added in water, stir;
(3) mix: the water of 400 mass fractions that are added with naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenuron is joined in Preblend, and stir, make compound;
(4) one time fermentation: after mixing, be 25 DEG C in temperature, the environment bottom fermentation of relative air humidity 75%, fermentation time 10 days;
(5) pack is made: the compound after above-mentioned one time fermentation is packed in bacterium bag, make cylindrically, culture base-material is made.The pH value of the culture base-material of making is 7.4.
Embodiment 2
A kind of culture base-material of cultivating straw mushroom, taking cotton seed hulls, waste cotton, maize alcohol stillage, fescue grass hay as major ingredient, taking cow dung, plant ash, calcium superphosphate, urea, terra alba and unslaked lime as auxiliary material, and add naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenuron, wherein the mass fraction of each component is: 3 parts of 400 parts of cotton seed hullss, 80 parts of waste cottons, 45 parts of maize alcohol stillages, 75 parts, fescue grass hay, 90 parts of cow dungs, 25 parts of plant ash, 20 parts of calcium superphosphate, 10 parts, urea, 30 parts of terra albas, 200 parts of unslaked limes, 2 parts, naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenurons.Wherein, naphthylacetic acid preparation is the powder particle that contains 70% naphthylacetic acid sodium salt.
A preparation method for the culture base-material of cultivating straw mushroom, comprises the following steps:
(1) get the raw materials ready: above-mentioned each component that takes mass fraction;
(2) premix: the above-mentioned major ingredient and the auxiliary material that take are mixed, and stir, make Preblend, naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenuron are added in water, stir;
(3) mix: the water of 600 mass fractions that are added with naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenuron is joined in Preblend, and stir, make compound;
(4) one time fermentation: after mixing, be 25 DEG C in temperature, the environment bottom fermentation of relative air humidity 75%, fermentation time 10 days;
(5) pack is made: the compound after above-mentioned one time fermentation is packed in bacterium bag, make cylindrically, culture base-material is made.The pH value of the culture base-material of making is 7.3.
Embodiment 3
A kind of culture base-material of cultivating straw mushroom, taking cotton seed hulls, waste cotton, maize alcohol stillage, fescue grass hay as major ingredient, taking cow dung, plant ash, calcium superphosphate, urea, terra alba and unslaked lime as auxiliary material, and add naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenuron, wherein the mass fraction of each component is: 2 parts of 350 parts of cotton seed hullss, 55 parts of waste cottons, 35 parts of maize alcohol stillages, 65 parts, fescue grass hay, 50 parts of cow dungs, 15 parts of plant ash, 14 parts of calcium superphosphate, 6 parts, urea, 22 parts of terra albas, 140 parts of unslaked limes, 1 part, naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenurons.Wherein, naphthylacetic acid preparation is the powder particle that contains 70% naphthylacetic acid sodium salt.
A preparation method for the culture base-material of cultivating straw mushroom, comprises the following steps:
(1) get the raw materials ready: above-mentioned each component that takes mass fraction;
(2) premix: the above-mentioned major ingredient and the auxiliary material that take are mixed, and stir, make Preblend, naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenuron are added in water, stir;
(3) mix: the water of 550 mass fractions that are added with naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenuron is joined in Preblend, and stir, make compound;
(4) one time fermentation: after mixing, be 25 DEG C in temperature, the environment bottom fermentation of relative air humidity 75%, fermentation time 10 days;
(5) pack is made: the compound after above-mentioned one time fermentation is packed in bacterium bag, make cylindrically, culture base-material is made.The pH value of the culture base-material of making is 7.4.
Utilizing the culture base-material of Volvaria volvacea cultivation conventional in prior art is control group, makes control group 1.Embodiment 1-3 and control group 1 are carried out to Volvaria volvacea cultivation test.In test, embodiment group and control group adopt identical straw mushroom V35 kind, and indoor temperature, humidity, illumination, ventilation management work and earthing condition are identical, and experiment in cultivation adopts existing cultivating method, observation fruiting time, fruiting phase and output.The straw mushroom afterwards embodiment group and control group being cultivated carries out Analysis of Nutritional test, the difference of the straw mushroom of contrast different culture media cultivation in content of mineral substances and other nutritive ingredients.
Test-results is as follows:
(1) comparative analysis of fruiting time, fruiting phase and output.
Culture base-material conventional in basal culture medium material and prior art exists, during budding fruiting time, fruiting and output have certain difference, embodiment 1-3 fruiting time that makes to budding is done sth. in advance 2-5 days; Stop the fruiting time upper, embodiment group is later than control group 3-7 days, whole fruiting phase 5-12 days; Aspect straw mushroom sporophore weight, by contrast, fresh weight: embodiment group average specific control group weighs 12%, dry weight: embodiment group slightly overweights control group; In output, embodiment 1-3 has more 13-19% than control group 1 output.
(2) difference of the straw mushroom of different culture media cultivation in vitamin contents and other nutritive ingredients, result is as shown in table 1:
The impact (unit :/kg) of table 1 different culture media material cultivating straw mushroom on straw mushroom nutritive ingredient
Hence one can see that, and the culture base-material of cultivating straw mushroom provided by the invention, with respect to prior art, has not only improved the output of straw mushroom, and the nutritive ingredient of straw mushroom is abundant, and particularly VITAMIN and part Mineral element content are all higher than common straw mushroom.
To the above-mentioned explanation of the disclosed embodiments, make professional and technical personnel in the field can realize or use the present invention.To be apparent for those skilled in the art to the multiple amendment of these embodiment, General Principle as defined herein can, in the situation that not departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention, realize in other embodiments.Therefore, the present invention will can not be restricted to these embodiment shown in this article, but will meet the widest scope consistent with principle disclosed herein and features of novelty.

Claims (6)

1. the culture base-material of a cultivating straw mushroom, it is characterized in that: with cotton seed hulls, waste cotton, vinasse, fescue grass hay is major ingredient, with cow dung, plant ash, calcium superphosphate, urea, terra alba and unslaked lime are auxiliary material, and add naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenuron, wherein the mass fraction of each component is: cotton seed hulls 200-400 part, waste cotton 40-80 part, vinasse 20-45 part, fescue grass hay 40-75 part, cow dung 30-90 part, plant ash 10-25 part, calcium superphosphate 8-20 part, urea 5-10 part, terra alba 12-30 part, unslaked lime 50-200 part, naphthylacetic acid preparation 0.5-2 part and forchlorfenuron 1-3 part.
2. the culture base-material of cultivating straw mushroom according to claim 1, is characterized in that: vinasse are maize alcohol stillage, drying processing, and water content is between 15%-35%.
3. the culture base-material of cultivating straw mushroom according to claim 1, is characterized in that: naphthylacetic acid preparation is the powder particle that contains 70% naphthylacetic acid sodium salt.
4. a preparation method for the culture base-material of cultivating straw mushroom claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
(1) get the raw materials ready: cotton seed hulls 200-400 part, waste cotton 40-80 part, vinasse 20-45 part, fescue grass hay 40-75 part, cow dung 30-90 part, plant ash 10-25 part, calcium superphosphate 8-20 part, urea 5-10 part, terra alba 12-30 part, unslaked lime 50-200 part, naphthylacetic acid preparation 0.5-2 part and forchlorfenuron 1-3 part;
(2) premix: the above-mentioned major ingredient and the auxiliary material that take are mixed, and stir, make Preblend, naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenuron are added in water, stir;
(3) mix: the water that is added with naphthylacetic acid preparation and forchlorfenuron is joined in Preblend, and stir, make compound;
(4) one time fermentation: after mixing, be 20-35 DEG C in temperature, the environment bottom fermentation of relative air humidity 70-85%;
(5) pack is made: the compound after above-mentioned one time fermentation is packed in bacterium bag, make cylindrically, culture base-material is made.
5. the preparation method of the culture base-material of cultivating straw mushroom according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the mass fraction of the water of interpolation is 400-600 part.
6. the preparation method of the culture base-material of cultivating straw mushroom according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the time in one time fermentation stage is 5-15 day.
CN201410115226.6A 2014-03-26 2014-03-26 Culture medium for cultivating straw mushrooms and preparation method thereof Pending CN103880543A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104193472A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Straw mushroom culture medium containing peach twigs and preparation method of straw mushroom culture medium
CN104193484A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Straw mushroom culture medium containing sauce residue and preparation method of straw mushroom culture medium
CN104193474A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Volvaria volvacea culture medium containing pepper branch powder and preparation method thereof
CN104945158A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-09-30 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Alkaline self-adjusting efficient culture medium suitable for straw mushroom cultivation and preparation method
CN105036905A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-11-11 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Volvaria volvacea high efficiency culture medium abundant in mineral elements, and preparation method thereof
CN105061071A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-11-18 凤台县绿然农业发展有限公司 Modified straw volvariella volvacea culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN105198559A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-12-30 安徽中祝农业发展有限公司 Straw mushroom culture medium made of corncobs and preparing method thereof
CN105198521A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-12-30 凤台县绿然农业发展有限公司 Turfy soil straw mushroom culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN106305126A (en) * 2015-06-15 2017-01-11 镇江市官塘生态农业有限公司 Straw mushroom production method
CN106305127A (en) * 2015-06-15 2017-01-11 镇江市官塘生态农业有限公司 Straw mushroom cultivation method
CN107417439A (en) * 2017-09-29 2017-12-01 卓本育 A kind of agrocybe cultivation matrix and preparation method thereof
CN108271621A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-07-13 广西壮歌农业科技桑博园有限责任公司 A kind of high-yield planting method of mulberry bar elm mushroom

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104193472A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Straw mushroom culture medium containing peach twigs and preparation method of straw mushroom culture medium
CN104193484A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Straw mushroom culture medium containing sauce residue and preparation method of straw mushroom culture medium
CN104193474A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Volvaria volvacea culture medium containing pepper branch powder and preparation method thereof
CN106305127A (en) * 2015-06-15 2017-01-11 镇江市官塘生态农业有限公司 Straw mushroom cultivation method
CN106305126A (en) * 2015-06-15 2017-01-11 镇江市官塘生态农业有限公司 Straw mushroom production method
CN105036905A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-11-11 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Volvaria volvacea high efficiency culture medium abundant in mineral elements, and preparation method thereof
CN104945158A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-09-30 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Alkaline self-adjusting efficient culture medium suitable for straw mushroom cultivation and preparation method
CN105061071A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-11-18 凤台县绿然农业发展有限公司 Modified straw volvariella volvacea culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN105198559A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-12-30 安徽中祝农业发展有限公司 Straw mushroom culture medium made of corncobs and preparing method thereof
CN105198521A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-12-30 凤台县绿然农业发展有限公司 Turfy soil straw mushroom culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN107417439A (en) * 2017-09-29 2017-12-01 卓本育 A kind of agrocybe cultivation matrix and preparation method thereof
CN108271621A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-07-13 广西壮歌农业科技桑博园有限责任公司 A kind of high-yield planting method of mulberry bar elm mushroom

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Application publication date: 20140625