CN103910584B - Containing pleurotus eryngii cultivating material and the making method of palm tree wood chip - Google Patents

Containing pleurotus eryngii cultivating material and the making method of palm tree wood chip Download PDF

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CN103910584B
CN103910584B CN201410159797.XA CN201410159797A CN103910584B CN 103910584 B CN103910584 B CN 103910584B CN 201410159797 A CN201410159797 A CN 201410159797A CN 103910584 B CN103910584 B CN 103910584B
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wood chip
culture
palm
tree wood
palm tree
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CN103910584A (en
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张柏松
杨向黎
马征
郑福丽
田叶
边文范
徐长英
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山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所
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Abstract

The invention belongs to mushroom class technical field of cultivation, be specifically related to a kind of culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii containing palm tree wood chip, also relate to the making method of above-mentioned culture material.The culture material of Pleurotus eryngii comprises following component: corn cob, wheat bran, palm tree wood chip, terra alba, lime, cotton seed hulls, sugar, light calcium carbonate, bacterium chaff, the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, palm hull, soybean meal, cold press peanut meal, urea, manganese, copper.The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, adopt culture material Xinbao mushroom culturing of the present invention, it is fast that its mycelia sends out bacterium, and grow vigorous, mycelia is pure white dense, there will not be the situations such as contaminated bacteria bag.Pleurotus eryngii sporophore is pure white, and mushroom type rounding, do not have misshapen mushroom, biological transformation ratio reaches 112%.Meanwhile, the planting material in the present invention considerably reduces the consumption of common wood chip and cotton seed hulls, effectively reduces the destruction of Deforestation to environment, reduces cost, be worthy to be popularized.

Description

Containing pleurotus eryngii cultivating material and the making method of palm tree wood chip

Technical field

The invention belongs to mushroom class technical field of cultivation, be specifically related to a kind of culture material of Pleurotus eryngii, also relate to the making method of above-mentioned culture material.

Background technology

Pleurotus eryngii, has another name called pleurotus eryngii, is to develop that cultivation successfully integrates edible, medicinal, the Rare edible fungus new variety of dietotherapy in recent years.Pleurotus eryngii bacterial context is plump, quality is tender and crisp, particularly stem dense structure, solid, milky white, can all eat, and stem is than the more crisp cunning of cap, tasty and refreshing, is called as " flat mushroom king ", " dried scallop mushroom ", there is happy almond flavor and the mouthfeel as abalone, be applicable to fresh-keeping, processing, firmly get liking of people.Mushroom body has almond flavor, and meat is plump, and mouthfeel is fresh and tender, fragrant taste, nutritious, can cook tens road delicious foods.Also have reducing blood-fat, decreasing cholesterol, promotion gastro-intestinal digestion, enhancing body immunological competence, prevent the effects such as cardiovascular diseases, pole is liked by people, and market value than flat mushroom height 3-5 doubly.

Pleurotus eryngii a kind ofly decomposes fiber rope, xylogen, edible mushrooms that protein-energy is stronger, Carbon and nitrogen sources in the raw material of various agricultural byproducts tankage and cultivating white mushroom can absorb, especially with major ingredients such as cotton seed hulls, waste cotton, hardwood sawdust, corn cobs, add the auxiliary materials such as wheat bran, rice bran, Semen Maydis powder in right amount and improve nitrogenous source for best.Because Pleurotus eryngii nitrogenous source is abundanter, mycelial growth is better, and output is higher.

In recent years, Pleurotus eryngii was the rising star in factory edible fungi family of China, because its quality is tender and crisp, had the almond flavor that one is light, was applicable to fresh-keeping, processing and the cooking, very popular.Add the rapid increasing of China's batch production yield of flammulina velutipes, impel the output of Pleurotus eryngii also within 2 years, to increase rapidly at this.

The reproductive condition of Pleurotus eryngii is as follows:

1. nutrition: Pleurotus eryngii a kind ofly decomposes xylogen, edible mushrooms that Mierocrystalline cellulose ability is stronger, and need richer nutrition, particularly nitrogenous source abundant, mycelial growth is luxuriant, and output is higher.Tame major ingredient, on the culture materials such as cotton seed hull, wood chip, bagasse, straw, growth very well.Substituting stuff cultivation adds subsidiary material, and as rice bran, wheat bran, Semen Maydis powder, cotton seed powder cake, calcium carbonate, sugar etc., can promote mycelial growth spreads, and increases mushroom flower bud generating capacity.

2. moisture: Pleurotus eryngii is more drought-enduring, but water content is suitable for more being conducive to growing, and improves output.Vegetative stage, culture material appropriate aqueous amount is 60%-65%, but because should not spray water on mushroom body when cultivating, the moisture needed for mushroom body is originating primarily from culture material, so appropriately can be increased to 65%-70% during allotment Compost moisture content.Relative air humidity, the mycelial growth stage about 60%, and after existing former base the fruiting body differentiation stage be advisable with 90-95%, the sporophore growth stage appropriately can turn down 85-90%.

3. temperature: temperature is the key determining planting almond abalone mushroom success or failure and output height.The temperature field of mycelial growth is 22-27 DEG C, and optimum temperuture is about 25 DEG C, and higher than 30 DEG C, mycelial growth is bad.Pleurotus eryngii is constant temperature steadiness mushroom class, excessive temperature differentials, the generation of unfavorable former base, fruiting temperature field is 10-18 DEG C, optimum temperuture 12-16 DEG C, can not show former base lower than 8 DEG C, easily emerge in large numbers misshapen mushroom higher than more than 20 DEG C, also disease can occur, cause dead mushroom, rotten mushroom.Sporophore growth temperature is 10-21 DEG C, and optimum temperuture is 10-18 DEG C.To the restraining of temperature, different because bacterial strain is different, the feature understanding bacterial strain will be given special heed to when introducing a fine variety.

4. air: mycelial growth stage oxygen requirement is relatively less, and the carbonic acid gas of lower concentration also has hormesis to mycelial growth, along with the growth of mycelia, the CO in bag (bottle) 2concentration edges up more than 2% by 0.03% of content in normal air, and mycelia still can grow very well.The existing former base period then needs sufficient oxygen, CO 2concentration should drop to about 0.5%.Otherwise former base is undifferentiated and enlarge into spherical.The mushroom bulk-growth growth period needs air fresh, CO 2concentration is advisable to be less than 0.4%.

5. illumination: the mycelial growth stage does not need light, can accelerate mycelial growth in dark conditions.The growth and development stage of existing former base and sporophore then needs certain scattered light, and suitable intensity of illumination is 500-1000Lx.

6. potential of hydrogen: the pH value field of mycelial growth is 4-8, and optimal pH is 6.5-7.5.The optimum pH in fruiting stage is 5.5-6.5.

About cultivation matrix and the method for Pleurotus eryngii, following patent has done disclosure:

CN101456772B " culture material of a kind of Pleurotus eryngii and preparation method thereof " discloses a kind of culture material and preparation method thereof, culture material comprises cotton seed hulls or wheat straw or straw or corn cob 75-80%, wheat bran or rice bran 5-12%, the argol just 8-10% of poultry, Semen Maydis powder 3-8%, plaster of Paris 1-2%, sucrose 0.5-1.5%, unslaked lime 0.5-1.5%, potassium primary phosphate 0.1-0.3% is added again by the total amount of above-mentioned batching, magnesium sulfate 0.1-0.2%, each component is all weight percent, the argol of cotton seed hulls or wheat straw or straw or corn cob and poultry just uses advance windrow to amass retting: the culture material after Xinbao mushroom culturing is also field earth backing process on the spot: adopt this technical scheme, Pleurotus geesteranus biological growth can be made better, overcome the unspecial defect for the culture material that Pleurotus geesteranus grows and prepare in prior art, simplify production technique, shorten the growth cycle of Pleurotus eryngii, improve the biological transformation ratio of Pleurotus eryngii, but its shortcoming is that not only raw material is many for the formula of culture material, production cost is higher, and batching is complicated, production environment peculiar smell weight, larger on the body and mind impact of staff.

CN1166272C patent discloses " method utilizing corn stalk Xinbao mushroom culturing ", it is the one-level kind of bacterial classification, the preparation of secondary kind that the method comprises Pleurotus eryngii, prepared by cultivation matrix, by cultivation matrix one access secondary kind under aseptic condition, send out bacterium and cultivate, fruiting, adopt mushroom, it is characterized in that cultivation medium formula is: major ingredient: corn stalk 40-100 part, be weight part, lower same, cotton seed hulls 0-100 part; Auxiliary material: wheat bran 4-20 part, cottonseed cake 2-10 part, white sugar 0.4-2 part, terra alba 0.4-2 part, calcium superphosphate 0.4-2 part; Moisture: water 85-430 part, heavy 0.75-1.2 kilogram every bag of cultivation matrix pack, secondary kind inoculum size is 15-30 wheat every bag, after inoculation, sack is tightened, send out bacterium and cultivate 40-50 days, fruiting, former base forms rear 5-12 days and gathers, and goes out second batch of mushroom again after adopting mushroom by change of tide.Above-mentioned method Xinbao mushroom culturing quality is slightly soft, and fruiting lacks of staying power.

CN101456772B discloses substratum of a kind of Pleurotus eryngii and preparation method thereof, and the method is specific as follows:

A kind of substratum of Pleurotus eryngii, it is characterized in that: this substratum comprises crop stalk 75 ~ 80%, wheat bran or rice bran 5 ~ 12%, the argol of poultry just 8 ~ 10%, Semen Maydis powder 3 ~ 8%, the plaster of Paris 1 ~ 2%, sucrose 0.5 ~ 1.5%, unslaked lime 0.5 ~ 1.5%, then add the potassium primary phosphate and 0.1 ~ 0.2% magnesium sulfate that account for above-mentioned batching total amount 0.1 ~ 0.3%, each component is all weight percent; Described crop stalk is first fully moistening with water before using, and piles up retting 5 ~ 7 days.In two kinds of above-mentioned methods with corn stalk or crop stalk for major ingredient, and clearly disclose in " the Edible Fungi technology " the 3rd section Section eight that Chemical Industry Press publishes: Pleurotus eryngii is not liked and is produced in straw matrix, first-selected cotton seed hulls raw material in production, secondly can the neither too hard, nor too soft scrap wood material of more alternative materials, as poplar, willow, elm, oak, toothed oak etc.

CN101717109 " a kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material " discloses following content: a kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material, it is characterized in that the component comprising following weight percent: wood chip 35%, corn cob 30%, rice bran 20%, wheat bran 14%, Wingdale %, wherein corn cob comprise 4-5 object 60-80%, 5-10 object 20-40%.The preparation method of above-mentioned culture material comprises following step: by wood chip, corn cob, rice bran, wheat bran, lime mixing, add water stirring, makes water content reach a 5-67%.Above-mentioned method is mainly described the particle diameter of corn cob, and this culture material ventilation property is relatively good, but nutrition is relatively dull, has a certain impact to the output in pleurotus eryngii fruiting later stage.

Therefore, need to improve for above-mentioned defect, seek a kind of convenient batching, cost is low, rich in nutrition content, the method that cultivating rate is high.

Summary of the invention

In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the invention provides and a kind ofly can make Pleurotus eryngii output increased and reasonably can utilize again the culture material of Pleurotus eryngii containing palm tree wood chip of waste;

Present invention also offers the making method of the culture material of the above-mentioned Pleurotus eryngii containing palm tree wood chip.

The present invention is realized by following technical scheme:

Containing the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii of palm tree wood chip, this culture material comprises the composition of following portions by weight:

Corn cob 58.52 wheat bran 20.47

Palm tree wood chip 20.33 terra alba 0.46

Lime 0.88 cotton seed hulls 5.35

Sugar 0.98 light calcium carbonate 1.02

The bacterium chaff 4.32 golden mushroom root base of a fruit 8.21

Palm hull 3.26 soybean meal 2.15

Cold press peanut meal 3.52 urea 0.38

Manganese 0.15 bronze medal 0.08;

Above-mentioned sugar is at least one in glucose, fructose, maltose and sucrose;

Above-mentioned bacterium chaff is the waste material of cultivating needle mushroom or mushroom;

Above-mentioned soybean meal, its water ratio is 4-6%, and the water ratio of described cold press peanut meal is 5-7%;

The water content of above-mentioned palm tree wood chip is 5-7%.

The above-mentioned golden mushroom root base of a fruit is after needle mushroom is gathered, packaging or the edible part root base of a fruit needing the connection culture material excised in the past.

Above-mentioned palm hull is the fruit stone housing parts peeled off after removing pulp in plam oil refine process, and it strips off from oil palm, pure natural plants integral part.

Its water ratio of above-mentioned soybean meal is 4-6%, and the water ratio of described cold press peanut meal is 5-7%;

The water content of above-mentioned palm tree wood chip is 5-7%.

Preferably, above-mentioned sugar is the mixture of glucose and fructose, and the weight ratio of glucose and fructose is 1:3.

The making method of the culture material of the above-mentioned Pleurotus eryngii containing palm tree wood chip of the present invention, comprises following step:

(1) culture material is prepared by following parts by weight:

Corn cob 58.52 wheat bran 20.47

Palm tree wood chip 20.33 terra alba 0.46

Lime 0.88 cotton seed hulls 5.35

Sugar 0.98 light calcium carbonate 1.02

The bacterium chaff 4.32 golden mushroom root base of a fruit 8.21

Palm hull 3.26 soybean meal 2.15

Cold press peanut meal 3.52 urea 0.38

Manganese 0.15 bronze medal 0.08;

Above-mentioned cotton seed hulls is crushed to below 20 orders;

Above-mentioned sugar is at least one in glucose, fructose, maltose and sucrose;

Above-mentioned bacterium chaff is the waste material of cultivating needle mushroom or mushroom;

Above-mentioned palm hull water content is 10-12%;

Its water ratio of above-mentioned soybean meal is 4-6%, and the water ratio of described cold press peanut meal is 5-7%;

Above-mentioned corn cob is be crushed to the material that particle diameter is 0.2-0.5cm;

The water content that above-mentioned palm tree wood chip is is 5-7%;

(2) add water fully wetting by corn cob, palm tree wood chip, cotton seed hulls, palm hull, the add-on of above-mentioned water is 1-2 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 6-8 hour; By lime, terra alba, light calcium carbonate, urea, manganese, copper, sugar soluble in water, stir, obtain mixing solutions, then in the solution of gained, add wheat bran, the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, bacterium chaff, soybean meal, cold press peanut meal; Then with the raw material blending infiltrated before;

(3) mixture will mixed in above-mentioned steps (2), pack or bottling, 120 ~ 140 DEG C of high-temperature sterilization 1.5 ~ 2.5h, obtain pleurotus eryngii cultivating material.

Wherein the treatment process of palm tree wood chip is, drying to its moisture content is 8-10%, is crushed to particle diameter 1-5mm;

Wherein the treatment process of palm hull is, shakeouts to dry to its moisture content to be 10-12%, to be crushed to particle diameter 2-10mm after collection;

Wherein the treatment process of the golden mushroom root base of a fruit is, is sheared by the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, and drying to its moisture content is 5-10%, is crushed to below particle diameter 1-3mm.

Preferably, the water ratio of above-mentioned culture material is 65-70%.

As a modification of the present invention, containing the making method of the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii of palm tree wood chip, comprise following step:

(1) culture material is prepared by following parts by weight:

Corn cob 58.52 wheat bran 20.47

Palm tree wood chip 12.33 rubber tree wood chip 8.15

Terra alba 0.46 lime 0.88

Cotton seed hulls 5.35 sugar 0.98

Light calcium carbonate 1.02 bacterium chaff 4.32

The golden mushroom root base of a fruit 8.21 palm hull 3.26

Soybean meal 2.15 cold press peanut meal 3.52

Urea 0.38 manganese 0.15

Copper 0.08;

Above-mentioned cotton seed hulls is crushed to below 20 orders;

Above-mentioned sugar is at least one in glucose, fructose, maltose and sucrose;

Above-mentioned bacterium chaff is the waste material of cultivating needle mushroom or mushroom;

Above-mentioned palm hull is the fruit stone housing parts peeled off after removing pulp in plam oil refine process, and its water content is 10-12%;

Its water ratio of above-mentioned soybean meal is 4-6%, and the water ratio of described cold press peanut meal is 5-7%;

Above-mentioned corn cob is be crushed to the material that particle diameter is 0.2-0.5cm;

The water content that above-mentioned palm tree wood chip is is 5-7%;

(2) add water fully wetting by corn cob, palm tree wood chip, rubber tree wood chip, cotton seed hulls, palm hull, the add-on of above-mentioned water is 1-2 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 6-8 hour; By lime, terra alba, light calcium carbonate, urea, manganese, copper, sugar soluble in water, stir, obtain mixing solutions, then in the solution of gained, add wheat bran, the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, bacterium chaff, soybean meal, cold press peanut meal; Then with the raw material blending infiltrated before;

(3) by above-mentioned 2) in the mixture that mixes, pack or bottling, 120 ~ 140 DEG C of high-temperature sterilization 1.5 ~ 2.5h, obtain pleurotus eryngii cultivating material.

Take corn cob as the formula of major ingredient, the sporophore growth cycle is short, output is also higher, this is relevant to corn cob physicochemical property, corn cob granule degree is larger, air permeability is good, though water suction is slow simultaneously, but water regain is large, water retention capacity is strong, low price, be suitable as factory culture major ingredient, but when using corn cob, granularity can not be too large, the corn cob hardness that granularity is larger is larger, should not be degraded by mycelia, and the corn cob that granularity is large, the time length not much of that if prewetted, during sterilizing, center is drier, do not reach required sterilising temp, easily cause sterilizing not thorough, cause environmental pollution.

Take cotton seed hulls as the formula of major ingredient, fruiting number is many, and single mushroom is heavy on the low side, thus have impact on output, and growth cycle is also longer, therefore should not add more.

Take wood chip as the formula of major ingredient, mushroom body color is comparatively white, but output is very low, and wood chip cost is minimum, but needs the heap fermentation of long period, and composition is unstable, and can cause the underproduction if contain hazardous substance, therefore, not all wood chip is all suitable for Xinbao mushroom culturing.

Palm tree is spy's economic tree.Its main products palm fibre skin can make Xu's rope, brown pad, carpet etc., and tender leaf can woven hats, fan, basket, bag, and timber can do bridge pier, pig cattle pen post and tank etc., and can keep fowls after seed pulverizing, " old brown carbon " that flowers and fruits and outmoded monofilament are fired can be used as medicine.Palm tree performance is graceful, and Four seasons is like spring, is again good Landscape Tree Species.Palm tree is once planted, and decades are benefited.Therefore farmer's proverb is said " there are ten thousand palm fibres in family, not poor from generation to generation ".

The utilization ratio of Pleurotus eryngii to glucose, fructose and maltose is higher, and the utilization ratio of carbohydrate as N.F,USP MANNITOL for other is lower, therefore, selects at least one in glucose, fructose, maltose and sucrose in the application;

In the application, cotton seed hulls, the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, palm hull mainly play the effect of nutrition, and wheat bran is used for regulating the carbon-nitrogen ratio of culture material, and play an important role to raising output, carbohydrate provides energy, and lime and terra alba Main Function regulate potential of hydrogen;

Manganese can promote mycelial growth, improve fruiting body yield, and medium and small grade sporophore size and number is had a certain impact, the mechanism of action of manganese is formed relevant with the impact of non-peroxide activity with manganese on Yeast Nucleic Acid, copper is to some bacterial strain, can strengthen its resistance against diseases, but excessive concentration can affect output.

Beneficial effect of the present invention is, adopts culture material Xinbao mushroom culturing of the present invention, and it is fast that its mycelia sends out bacterium, and grow vigorous, mycelia is pure white dense, there will not be the situations such as contaminated bacteria bag.Pleurotus eryngii sporophore is pure white, and mushroom type rounding, do not have misshapen mushroom, biological transformation ratio reaches 112%.Meanwhile, the planting material in the present invention considerably reduces the consumption of common wood chip and cotton seed hulls, effectively reduces the destruction of Deforestation to environment, reduces cost, be worthy to be popularized.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is further described, so that those skilled in the art more understands the present invention, but does not therefore limit the present invention.

Embodiment 1

Containing the making method of the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii of palm tree wood chip, comprise following step:

(1) culture material is prepared by following parts by weight:

Corn cob 58.52 wheat bran 20.47

Palm tree wood chip 20.33 terra alba 0.46

Lime 0.88 cotton seed hulls 5.35

Sugar 0.98 light calcium carbonate 1.02

The bacterium chaff 4.32 golden mushroom root base of a fruit 8.21

Palm hull 3.26 soybean meal 2.15

Cold press peanut meal 3.52 urea 0.38

Manganese 0.15 bronze medal 0.08;

Cotton seed hulls is crushed to below 20 orders;

Sugar is the mixture of glucose and fructose, and the weight ratio of glucose and fructose is 1:3;

Bacterium chaff is the waste material of cultivating needle mushroom or mushroom;

Palm hull treatment process is, shakeouts and dry to water content 10% after collection, is crushed to particle diameter 7mm.

The treatment process of the golden mushroom root base of a fruit is, is sheared by the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, and drying to its moisture content is 8%, is crushed to below particle diameter 2mm;

Its water ratio of soybean meal is 5%, and the water ratio of cold press peanut meal is 5-7%;

Corn cob is be crushed to the material that particle diameter is 0.4cm;

The water content that palm tree wood chip is is 6%;

(2) add water fully wetting by corn cob, palm tree wood chip, cotton seed hulls, palm hull, the add-on of water is 1.5 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 7 hours; By lime, terra alba, light calcium carbonate, urea, manganese, copper, sugar soluble in water, stir, obtain mixing solutions, then in the solution of gained, add wheat bran, the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, bacterium chaff, soybean meal, cold press peanut meal; Then with the raw material blending infiltrated before.

(3) mixture will mixed in above-mentioned steps (2), according to a conventional method culture material is loaded 17 × 40 × 0.05cm polypropylene plastics pocket, 125 DEG C of high-temperature sterilization 2h, are pleurotus eryngii cultivating material; Inoculation, a bacterium and management of producing mushroom process routinely technical requirements are carried out.

Comparative example 1

Be with the difference of embodiment 1, the wood chip adopted in comparative example 1 is willow wood chip; All the other are identical with embodiment 1;

Comparative example 2

Raw material in comparative example 2 is as follows:

Corn cob 58.52 wheat bran 20.47

Palm tree wood chip 20.33 terra alba 0.46

Lime 0.88 cotton seed hulls 5.35

Sugar 0.98 light calcium carbonate 1.02

The bacterium chaff 4.32 golden mushroom root base of a fruit 8.21

Palm hull 3.26 analysis for soybean powder 5.6

Urea 0.38 manganese 0.15

Copper 0.08;

All the other are identical with embodiment 1;

The culture material that embodiment 1 makes with the method for comparative example 1, comparative example 2, on above-mentioned three kinds of different culture materials, the productive capacity of Pleurotus eryngii is as follows:

As can be seen from the results, the Pleurotus eryngii mycelium growth vigor of embodiment 1 is good, and send out bacterium fast, output is high, and cost is low, and economic benefit environmental benefit is good, is worthy to be popularized.

Embodiment 2

Containing the making method of the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii of palm tree wood chip, comprise following step:

(1) culture material is prepared by following parts by weight:

Corn cob 58.52 wheat bran 20.47

Palm tree wood chip 12.33 rubber tree wood chip 8.15

Terra alba 0.46 lime 0.88

Cotton seed hulls 5.35 sugar 0.98

Light calcium carbonate 1.02 bacterium chaff 4.32

The golden mushroom root base of a fruit 8.21 palm hull 3.26

Soybean meal 2.15 cold press peanut meal 3.52

Urea 0.38 manganese 0.15

Copper 0.08;

Above-mentioned cotton seed hulls is crushed to below 20 orders;

Above-mentioned sugar is glucose;

Bacterium chaff is the waste material of cultivating needle mushroom;

Palm hull treatment process is, shakeouts and dry to water content 10% after collection, is crushed to particle diameter 8mm.

The treatment process of the golden mushroom root base of a fruit is, is sheared by the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, and drying to its moisture content is 6%, is crushed to below particle diameter 2mm;

Its water ratio of soybean meal is 5%, and the water ratio of described cold press peanut meal is 6%;

Corn cob is be crushed to the material that particle diameter is 0.4cm;

The water content that palm tree wood chip is is 6%;

(2) add water fully wetting by corn cob, palm tree wood chip, rubber tree wood chip, cotton seed hulls, palm hull, the add-on of above-mentioned water is 1.5 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 7 hours; By lime, terra alba, light calcium carbonate, urea, manganese, copper, sugar soluble in water, stir, obtain mixing solutions, then in the solution of gained, add wheat bran, the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, bacterium chaff, soybean meal, cold press peanut meal; Then with the raw material blending infiltrated before;

(3) mixture will mixed in above-mentioned steps (2), according to a conventional method culture material is loaded 17 × 40 × 0.05cm polypropylene plastics pocket, 125 DEG C of high-temperature sterilization 2h, obtain pleurotus eryngii cultivating material.

(4) cultivation management process routinely technical requirements carry out.

It is fast that the present embodiment Pleurotus eryngii mycelia sends out bacterium, and growth fraction is more vigorous, and mycelia is pure white dense, does not occur contaminated bacteria bag.Pleurotus eryngii sporophore is pure white, mushroom type rounding, there is no misshapen mushroom, fresh mushroom biological transformation ratio reaches 112%, and output exceeds 2% than embodiment 1, simultaneously, the planting material of this embodiment considerably reduces the consumption of common wood chip and cotton seed hulls, effectively reduce the destruction of Deforestation to environment, reduce cost, be worthy to be popularized.

Embodiment 3

Containing the making method of the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii of palm tree wood chip, comprise following step:

(1) culture material is prepared by following parts by weight:

Corn cob 62.12 wheat bran 20.47

Palm tree wood chip 20.33 terra alba 0.46

Lime 0.88 cotton seed hulls 5.35

Sugar 0.98 light calcium carbonate 1.02

The bacterium chaff 4.32 golden mushroom root base of a fruit 8.21

Cold press peanut meal 3.52 urea 0.38

Manganese 0.15 bronze medal 0.08

Soybean meal 2.15;

Described cotton seed hulls is crushed to below 20 orders;

Sugar is the mixture of glucose and fructose, and the weight ratio of glucose and fructose is 1:3;

Bacterium chaff is the waste material of cultivating needle mushroom;

The treatment process of the golden mushroom root base of a fruit is, is sheared by the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, and drying to its moisture content is 6%, is crushed to below particle diameter 2mm;

Its water ratio of soybean meal is 5%, and the water ratio of described cold press peanut meal is 6%;

Corn cob is be crushed to the material that particle diameter is 0.4cm;

The water content that palm tree wood chip is is 6%;

(2) add water fully wetting by corn cob, palm tree wood chip, cotton seed hulls, the add-on of described water is 1.5 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 7 hours; By lime, terra alba, light calcium carbonate, urea, manganese, copper, sugar soluble in water, stir, obtain mixing solutions, then in the solution of gained, add wheat bran, the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, bacterium chaff, soybean meal, cold press peanut meal; Then with the raw material blending infiltrated before.

(3) mixture will mixed in above-mentioned steps (2), according to a conventional method culture material is loaded 17 × 40 × 0.05cm polypropylene plastics pocket, 125 DEG C of high-temperature sterilization 2h, are pleurotus eryngii cultivating material.

(4) cultivation management process routinely technical requirements carry out.

Containing abundant mineral element in palm hull, what wherein content was maximum is potassium element, and general containing potassium 6-12%, wherein more than 90% is water-soluble, exists with carbonate form; Next is phosphorus, generally containing 1.5-3%; Also containing the micronutrient element such as calcium, magnesium, silicon, sulphur and iron, manganese, copper, zinc, boron, molybdenum.

Do not add palm hull in the present embodiment, its effect is as follows: it is fast that Pleurotus eryngii mycelia sends out bacterium, and mycelia is pure white dense, does not occur contaminated bacteria bag.Pleurotus eryngii sporophore stem is pure white, and mushroom type rounding, does not have misshapen mushroom, and biological transformation ratio is 98%.Compared with embodiment 1, mycelium growth vigor is slightly poor, and the fruiting later stage lacks of staying power, and output is lower than embodiment 1 by 12%.

Claims (7)

1., containing the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii of palm tree wood chip, it is characterized in that, described culture material comprises the composition of following portions by weight:
Corn cob 58.52 wheat bran 20.47
Palm tree wood chip 20.33 terra alba 0.46
Lime 0.88 cotton seed hulls 5.35
Sugar 0.98 light calcium carbonate 1.02
The bacterium chaff 4.32 golden mushroom root base of a fruit 8.21
Palm hull 3.26 soybean meal 2.15
Cold press peanut meal 3.52 urea 0.38
Manganese 0.15 bronze medal 0.08;
Above-mentioned sugar is at least one in glucose, fructose, maltose and sucrose;
Described bacterium chaff is the waste material of cultivating needle mushroom or mushroom;
Described palm tree wood chip be palm tree prune or wood working time the sawdust that stays or wood shavings powder;
The described golden mushroom root base of a fruit is after needle mushroom is gathered, the part root base of a fruit of packaging or the edible connection culture material of excision in the past;
Described palm hull is the fruit stone housing parts peeled off after removing pulp in plam oil refine process;
Described soybean meal, its water ratio is 4-6%, and the water ratio of described cold press peanut meal is 5-7%;
The water content of described palm tree wood chip is 5-7%.
2. the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii containing palm tree wood chip as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described sugar is the mixture of glucose and fructose, and the weight ratio of glucose and fructose is 1:3.
3. the making method of the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii containing palm tree wood chip as claimed in claim 1, comprises following step:
(1) culture material is prepared by following parts by weight:
Corn cob 58.52 wheat bran 20.47
Palm tree wood chip 20.33 terra alba 0.46
Lime 0.88 cotton seed hulls 5.35
Sugar 0.98 light calcium carbonate 1.02
The bacterium chaff 4.32 golden mushroom root base of a fruit 8.21
Palm hull 3.26 soybean meal 2.15
Cold press peanut meal 3.52 urea 0.38
Manganese 0.15 bronze medal 0.08;
Described cotton seed hulls is crushed to below 20 orders;
Above-mentioned sugar is at least one in glucose, fructose, maltose and sucrose;
Described bacterium chaff is the waste material of cultivating needle mushroom or mushroom;
Described palm tree wood chip be palm tree prune or wood working time the sawdust that stays or wood shavings powder;
The described golden mushroom root base of a fruit is after needle mushroom is gathered, the part root base of a fruit of packaging or the edible connection culture material of excision in the past;
Described palm hull is the fruit stone housing parts peeled off after removing pulp in plam oil refine process;
Its water ratio of described soybean meal is 4-6%, and the water ratio of described cold press peanut meal is 5-7%;
Described corn cob is be crushed to the material that particle diameter is 0.2-0.5cm;
The water content of described palm tree wood chip is 5-7%;
(2) add water fully wetting by corn cob, palm tree wood chip, cotton seed hulls, palm hull, the add-on of described water is 1-2 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 6-8 hour; By lime, terra alba, light calcium carbonate, urea, manganese, copper, sugar soluble in water, stir, obtain mixing solutions, then in the solution of gained, add wheat bran, the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, bacterium chaff, soybean meal, cold press peanut meal; Then with the raw material blending infiltrated before;
(3) mixture will mixed in above-mentioned steps (2), pack or bottling, 120 ~ 140 DEG C of high-temperature sterilization 1.5 ~ 2.5h, obtain pleurotus eryngii cultivating material.
4. the making method of the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii containing palm tree wood chip as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that, described palm hull is shakeout after collecting and dried to its moisture content to be 10-12%, to be crushed to particle diameter 2-10mm.
5. the making method of the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii containing palm tree wood chip as claimed in claim 3, wherein the treatment process of the golden mushroom root base of a fruit is, is sheared by the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, and drying to its moisture content is 5-10%, is crushed to particle diameter 1-3mm.
6. the making method of the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii containing palm tree wood chip as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, the water ratio of described culture material is 65-70%.
7., containing the making method of the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii of palm tree wood chip, comprise following step:
(1) culture material is prepared by following parts by weight:
Corn cob 58.52 wheat bran 20.47
Palm tree wood chip 12.33 rubber tree wood chip 8.15
Terra alba 0.46 lime 0.88
Cotton seed hulls 5.35 sugar 0.98
Light calcium carbonate 1.02 bacterium chaff 4.32
The golden mushroom root base of a fruit 8.21 palm hull 3.26
Soybean meal 2.15 cold press peanut meal 3.52
Urea 0.38 manganese 0.15
Copper 0.08;
Described cotton seed hulls is crushed to below 20 orders;
Described sugar is at least one in glucose, fructose, maltose and sucrose;
Described bacterium chaff is the waste material of cultivating needle mushroom or mushroom;
Its water ratio of described soybean meal is 4-6%, and the water ratio of described cold press peanut meal is 5-7%;
Described corn cob is be crushed to the material that particle diameter is 0.2-0.5cm;
The water content of described rubber tree wood chip is 6-8%;
The water content of described palm tree wood chip is 5-7%;
(2) add water fully wetting by corn cob, palm tree wood chip, rubber tree wood chip, cotton seed hulls, palm hull, the add-on of described water is 1-2 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 6-8 hour; By lime, terra alba, light calcium carbonate, urea, manganese, copper, sugar soluble in water, stir, obtain mixing solutions, then in the solution of gained, add wheat bran, the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, bacterium chaff, soybean meal, cold press peanut meal; Then with the raw material blending infiltrated before;
(3) mixture will mixed in above-mentioned steps (2), pack or bottling, 120 ~ 140 DEG C of high-temperature sterilization 1.5 ~ 2.5h, obtain pleurotus eryngii cultivating material.
CN201410159797.XA 2014-04-21 2014-04-21 Containing pleurotus eryngii cultivating material and the making method of palm tree wood chip CN103910584B (en)

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