CN104311332A - Culture medium for cultivating pleurotus eryngii by using mushroom dregs and preparation method of culture medium - Google Patents

Culture medium for cultivating pleurotus eryngii by using mushroom dregs and preparation method of culture medium Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104311332A
CN104311332A CN201410556620.3A CN201410556620A CN104311332A CN 104311332 A CN104311332 A CN 104311332A CN 201410556620 A CN201410556620 A CN 201410556620A CN 104311332 A CN104311332 A CN 104311332A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
culture medium
powder
pleurotus eryngii
sand
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CN201410556620.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡敏
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合肥奕涵农牧科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201410556620.3A priority Critical patent/CN104311332A/en
Publication of CN104311332A publication Critical patent/CN104311332A/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D3/00Calcareous fertilisers
    • C05D3/02Calcareous fertilisers from limestone, calcium carbonate, calcium hydrate, slaked lime, calcium oxide, waste calcium products
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

Abstract

The invention relates to a culture medium for cultivating pleurotus eryngii by using mushroom dregs and a preparation method of the culture medium. The culture medium is characterized by being prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 50-55 parts of mushroom dreg, 40-45 parts of weed tree sawdust, 20-22 parts of wheat bran, 18-21 parts of furfural residue, 10-12 parts of soybean hull, 9-11 parts of white lime, 0.3-0.4 part of calcium oxide, 0.1-0.2 part of allithiamine, 8-10 parts of tenebrio molitor L. powder, 9-11 parts of calamine powder, 12-13 parts of wheat middling, 5-6 parts of basalt powder, 0.1-0.2 part of nanometer titanium dioxide, 2-3 parts of brown sugar, 1-2 parts of lime powder, 2-3 parts of gynostemma pentaphyllum, 3-4 parts of sterculia lychnophora, 1-2 parts of seed of platycladi seed, 2-3 parts of rhodiola dumulosa, 45-47 parts of modified sand and 10-11 parts of nutritional additive. According to the culture medium, as the mushroom dregs are adopted as the main raw materials, pollution of the mushroom dregs to the environment is avoided, and resources are fully utilized; with addition of the modified sands, permeability of the culture medium can be improved. In addition, the culture medium is comprehensively balanced in nutrition and can enable mycelium to densely grow, thus having both ecological and economical benefits.

Description

A kind ofly utilize substratum of bacterium slag for cultivating Pleurotus eryngii and preparation method thereof
Technical field
Mushroom cultivation technical field of the present invention, relates to and a kind ofly utilizes substratum of bacterium slag for cultivating Pleurotus eryngii and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Edible mushrooms is because of its delicious flavour, nutritious and extensively like by human consumer, and it can only absorb nutritive substance from planting material, and its required nutrition of growing comprises carbohydrate and nitrogenous compound, and a small amount of inorganic salt and VITAMIN etc.Therefore, planting material has a great impact Pleurotus eryngii seed output and quality.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide and a kind ofly utilize substratum of bacterium slag for cultivating Pleurotus eryngii and preparation method thereof, the present invention has the high feature of Pleurotus eryngii quality that is nutritious, that cultivate.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
Utilize a substratum for bacterium slag for cultivating Pleurotus eryngii, it is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight part:
Bacterium slag 50-55, weed tree sawdust 40-45, wheat bran 20-22, furfural dregs 18-21, soybean hulls 10-12, lime 9-11, calcium oxide 0.3-0.4, allithiamine 0.1-0.2, tenebrio molitor powder 8-10, calamine stone 9-11, secondary powder 12-13, basalt powder 5-6, nano titanium oxide 0.1-0.2, brown sugar 2-3, lime powder 1-2, gynostemma pentaphylla 2-3, Semen Sterculiae Lychnophorae 3-4, Semen Platycladi 1-2, Root of Shrubberry Rhodiola 2-3, modification sand 45-47, nutritional additive 10-11;
Described modification sand is made up of the raw material of following weight part: sand 40-42, urea 2-3, flour 18-19;
Preparation method is: urea is added 5-5.5 water doubly and is stirred to dissolving by (1);
(2) by sand and flour mixing, adding water is stirred to water content and reaches 28-30%, granulation, then sprays step (1) gained material at surface uniform, dry, to obtain final product;
Described nutritional additive is made up of the raw material of following weight part: cigarette end 3-4, tea tree ethereal oil 0.1-0.2, blood meal 14-15, clay 11-12;
Preparation method is: cigarette end is added 4-5 clear water doubly and soak 7-8 hour, filter cleaner, gained filtrate and leftover materials mixing and stirring, granulation, oven dry, to obtain final product.
The described preparation method utilizing the substratum of bacterium slag for cultivating Pleurotus eryngii, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) brown sugar, lime powder are added 7-8 water doubly and fully stir;
(2) gynostemma pentaphylla, the Semen Sterculiae Lychnophorae, Semen Platycladi, Root of Shrubberry Rhodiola are pulverized, then mix with step (1) gained material and leftover materials, adding water is stirred to water content and reaches 65-67%;
(3) step (2) gained material is loaded polyethylene plastic bag, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 DEG C, to obtain final product.
Root of Shrubberry Rhodiola in the present invention is the herb of crassulaceae plants Hericiumerinaceus Pers.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
Substratum of the present invention adopts bacterium slag as main raw material, avoid bacterium slag to the pollution of environment, achieve making full use of of resource, and the sand through modification added can improve ventilation property of the present invention, and comprehensive nutrition of the present invention is balanced, mycelial growth can be made dense, achieve the bumper harvests of ecological benefits and economic benefit.
Embodiment
Utilize a substratum for bacterium slag for cultivating Pleurotus eryngii, it is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight part (kilogram): bacterium slag 50, weed tree sawdust 40, wheat bran 20, furfural dregs 18, soybean hulls 10, lime 9, calcium oxide 0.3, allithiamine 0.1, tenebrio molitor powder 8, calamine stone 9, secondary powder 12, basalt powder 5, nano titanium oxide 0.1, brown sugar 2, lime powder 1, gynostemma pentaphylla 2, the Semen Sterculiae Lychnophorae 3, Semen Platycladi 1, Root of Shrubberry Rhodiola 2, modification sand 45, nutritional additive 10;
Described modification sand is made up of the raw material of following weight part (kilogram): sand 40, urea 2, flour 18;
Preparation method is: urea is added 5-5.5 water doubly and is stirred to dissolving by (1);
(2) by sand and flour mixing, adding water is stirred to water content and reaches 28-30%, granulation, then sprays step (1) gained material at surface uniform, dry, to obtain final product;
Described nutritional additive is made up of the raw material of following weight part (kilogram): cigarette end 3, tea tree ethereal oil 0.1, blood meal 14, clay 11;
Preparation method is: cigarette end is added 4-5 clear water doubly and soak 7-8 hour, filter cleaner, gained filtrate and leftover materials mixing and stirring, granulation, oven dry, to obtain final product.
The described preparation method utilizing the substratum of bacterium slag for cultivating Pleurotus eryngii, comprises the following steps:
(1) brown sugar, lime powder are added 7-8 water doubly and fully stir;
(2) gynostemma pentaphylla, the Semen Sterculiae Lychnophorae, Semen Platycladi, Root of Shrubberry Rhodiola are pulverized, then mix with step (1) gained material and leftover materials, adding water is stirred to water content and reaches 65-67%;
(3) step (2) gained material is loaded polyethylene plastic bag, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 DEG C, to obtain final product.
By 10 bags, prior art bacterium bag, the heavy 0.5kg of every bag of siccative, as a control group, according to 10 bags, the present invention bacterium bag, every bag of heavy 0.5kg of siccative, as experimental group, with two groups of substratum under the same conditions Xinbao mushroom culturing comparative result see the following form.
Item compared Average single bag of output (kg) Pleurotus eryngii profile Regenerative power is strong and weak Turn stubble speed
Experimental group ? ??0.459 Mushroom body is large, and mushroom meat is plump By force Hurry up
Control group ? 0.345 Mushroom body is little, and mushroom meat is thin Weak Slowly
Can draw from table: Pleurotus eryngii substratum provided by the invention, through experimental cultivation, average every bag culture medium is than existing substratum volume increase more than 30%, and the mushroom body of Pleurotus eryngii is large, and mushroom meat is plump, and quality is high, and regenerative power is strong, turns stubble fast.

Claims (2)

1. utilize a substratum for bacterium slag for cultivating Pleurotus eryngii, it is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight part:
Bacterium slag 50-55, weed tree sawdust 40-45, wheat bran 20-22, furfural dregs 18-21, soybean hulls 10-12, lime 9-11, calcium oxide 0.3-0.4, allithiamine 0.1-0.2, tenebrio molitor powder 8-10, calamine stone 9-11, secondary powder 12-13, basalt powder 5-6, nano titanium oxide 0.1-0.2, brown sugar 2-3, lime powder 1-2, gynostemma pentaphylla 2-3, Semen Sterculiae Lychnophorae 3-4, Semen Platycladi 1-2, Root of Shrubberry Rhodiola 2-3, modification sand 45-47, nutritional additive 10-11;
Described modification sand is made up of the raw material of following weight part: sand 40-42, urea 2-3, flour 18-19;
Preparation method is: urea is added 5-5.5 water doubly and is stirred to dissolving by (1);
(2) by sand and flour mixing, adding water is stirred to water content and reaches 28-30%, granulation, then sprays step (1) gained material at surface uniform, dry, to obtain final product;
Described nutritional additive is made up of the raw material of following weight part: cigarette end 3-4, tea tree ethereal oil 0.1-0.2, blood meal 14-15, clay 11-12;
Preparation method is: cigarette end is added 4-5 clear water doubly and soak 7-8 hour, filter cleaner, gained filtrate and leftover materials mixing and stirring, granulation, oven dry, to obtain final product.
2. the preparation method utilizing the substratum of bacterium slag for cultivating Pleurotus eryngii according to claim 1, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) brown sugar, lime powder are added 7-8 water doubly and fully stir;
(2) gynostemma pentaphylla, the Semen Sterculiae Lychnophorae, Semen Platycladi, Root of Shrubberry Rhodiola are pulverized, then mix with step (1) gained material and leftover materials, adding water is stirred to water content and reaches 65-67%;
(3) step (2) gained material is loaded polyethylene plastic bag, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 DEG C, to obtain final product.
CN201410556620.3A 2014-10-20 2014-10-20 Culture medium for cultivating pleurotus eryngii by using mushroom dregs and preparation method of culture medium CN104311332A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105130540A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-12-09 马鞍山市安康菌业有限公司 Loose and water-retaining efficient culture medium for mushroom residue fermented pleurotus eryngii and preparation method therefor
CN108207492A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-06-29 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 A kind of Wood rot type edible fungus liquid culture growth medium, preparation method and application

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KR100782438B1 (en) * 2006-11-16 2007-12-05 주식회사 이앤티 New Cultivated Mushrooms
CN102276352A (en) * 2011-06-08 2011-12-14 福建绿宝食品集团有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium
CN103420720A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-12-04 浙江百兴食品有限公司 Base material formula for cultivation of pleurotus eryngii and using method
CN103449908A (en) * 2013-08-15 2013-12-18 安徽中祝农业发展有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN103787717A (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-05-14 阜南县健生源食用菌开发有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii cultivation material using corn straws serving as raw material and preparation method for pleurotus eryngii cultivation material
CN103910584A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-07-09 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Palm sawdust-containing pleurotus eryngii culture material and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100782438B1 (en) * 2006-11-16 2007-12-05 주식회사 이앤티 New Cultivated Mushrooms
CN102276352A (en) * 2011-06-08 2011-12-14 福建绿宝食品集团有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium
CN103420720A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-12-04 浙江百兴食品有限公司 Base material formula for cultivation of pleurotus eryngii and using method
CN103449908A (en) * 2013-08-15 2013-12-18 安徽中祝农业发展有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN103787717A (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-05-14 阜南县健生源食用菌开发有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii cultivation material using corn straws serving as raw material and preparation method for pleurotus eryngii cultivation material
CN103910584A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-07-09 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Palm sawdust-containing pleurotus eryngii culture material and preparation method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105130540A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-12-09 马鞍山市安康菌业有限公司 Loose and water-retaining efficient culture medium for mushroom residue fermented pleurotus eryngii and preparation method therefor
CN108207492A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-06-29 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 A kind of Wood rot type edible fungus liquid culture growth medium, preparation method and application

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