CN103922847B - Containing the culture material and preparation method thereof of the Pleurotus eryngii of rubber tree wood chip - Google Patents

Containing the culture material and preparation method thereof of the Pleurotus eryngii of rubber tree wood chip Download PDF

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CN103922847B
CN103922847B CN201410159771.5A CN201410159771A CN103922847B CN 103922847 B CN103922847 B CN 103922847B CN 201410159771 A CN201410159771 A CN 201410159771A CN 103922847 B CN103922847 B CN 103922847B
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wood chip
rubber tree
culture
pleurotus eryngii
fruit
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CN201410159771.5A
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CN103922847A (en
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张柏松
杨向黎
郑福丽
田叶
马征
边文范
徐长英
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山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所
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Abstract

The invention belongs to mushroom class technical field of cultivation, be specifically related to a kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material containing rubber tree wood chip, also relate to the making method of this culture material.The culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii containing rubber tree wood chip, it is characterized in that, described culture material comprises following component: corn cob, wheat bran, rubber tree wood chip, terra alba, lime, cotton seed hulls, sugar, light calcium carbonate, bacterium chaff, the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, palm hull, soybean meal, cold press peanut meal, urea, manganese, copper.Adopt substrate culture Pleurotus eryngii of the present invention, its mycelial growth is vigorous, and mycelia is pure white dense, there will not be the situations such as contaminated bacteria bag.Pleurotus eryngii sporophore stem is pure white, and mushroom type rounding, do not have misshapen mushroom, biological transformation ratio reaches 108%.

Description

Containing the culture material and preparation method thereof of the Pleurotus eryngii of rubber tree wood chip
Technical field
The invention belongs to mushroom class technical field of cultivation, be specifically related to a kind of culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii containing rubber tree wood chip, also relate to its making method of above-mentioned culture material.
Background technology
Pleurotus eryngii, has another name called pleurotus eryngii, is to develop that cultivation successfully integrates edible, medicinal, the Rare edible fungus new variety of dietotherapy in recent years.Pleurotus eryngii bacterial context is plump, quality is tender and crisp, particularly stem dense structure, solid, milky white, can all eat, and stem is than the more crisp cunning of cap, tasty and refreshing, is called as " flat mushroom king ", " dried scallop mushroom ", there is happy almond flavor and the mouthfeel as abalone, be applicable to fresh-keeping, processing, firmly get liking of people.Mushroom body has almond flavor, and meat is plump, and mouthfeel is fresh and tender, fragrant taste, nutritious, can cook tens road delicious foods.Also have reducing blood-fat, decreasing cholesterol, promotion gastro-intestinal digestion, enhancing body immunological competence, prevent the effects such as cardiovascular diseases, pole is liked by people, and market value than flat mushroom height 3-5 doubly.
The reproductive condition of Pleurotus eryngii is as follows:
1. nutrition: Pleurotus eryngii a kind ofly decomposes xylogen, edible mushrooms that Mierocrystalline cellulose ability is stronger, and need richer nutrition, particularly nitrogenous source abundant, mycelial growth is luxuriant, and output is higher.Tame major ingredient, fine at grown on matrix such as cotton seed hull, wood chip, bagasse, straws.Substituting stuff cultivation adds subsidiary material, and as rice bran, wheat bran, Semen Maydis powder, cotton seed powder cake, calcium carbonate, sugar etc., can promote mycelial growth spreads, and increases mushroom flower bud generating capacity.
2. moisture: Pleurotus eryngii is more drought-enduring, but water content is suitable for more being conducive to growing, and improves output.Vegetative stage, culture material appropriate aqueous amount is 60%-65%, but because should not spray water on mushroom body when cultivating, the moisture needed for mushroom body is originating primarily from culture material, so appropriately can be increased to 65%-70% during allotment Compost moisture content.Relative air humidity, the mycelial growth stage about 60%, and after existing former base the fruiting body differentiation stage be advisable with 90-95%, the sporophore growth stage appropriately can turn down 85-90%.
3. temperature: temperature is the key determining planting almond abalone mushroom success or failure and output height.The mycelia growing of pleurotus eryngii temperature is 22-27 DEG C, optimum temperuture 25 DEG C, for a long time lower than 18 DEG C of easy fruitings.It is constant temperature fecundity mushroom, sporophore genesis and development temperature 10-20 DEG C, 15 DEG C of optimums.
4. air: vegetative stage oxygen requirement is relatively less, certain density CO 2promoter action is had to mycelial growth.Former base is formed and sporophore growth wants air fresh, CO 2too much height can produce toxic action, between the sporophore growth growth period, and CO 2concentration controls to be advisable at 0.03-0.2%.
5. illumination: the mycelial growth stage does not need light, can accelerate mycelial growth in dark conditions.The growth and development stage of existing former base and sporophore then needs certain scattered light, and suitable intensity of illumination is 500-1000Lx, the blackening of light intensity cap; Light is weak, and cap bleaches, and stem is elongated.
6. potential of hydrogen: the pH value field of mycelial growth is 4-8, and optimal pH is 6.5-7.5.The optimum pH in fruiting stage is 5.5-6.5.
Pleurotus eryngii a kind ofly decomposes fiber rope, xylogen, edible mushrooms that protein-energy is stronger, Carbon and nitrogen sources in the raw material of various agricultural byproducts tankage and cultivating white mushroom can absorb, especially with major ingredients such as cotton seed hulls, waste cotton, hardwood sawdust, corn cobs, add the auxiliary materials such as wheat bran, rice bran, Semen Maydis powder in right amount and improve nitrogenous source for best.Because within the specific limits, Pleurotus eryngii nitrogenous source is abundanter, and mycelial growth is better, and output is higher.
In recent years, Pleurotus eryngii was the rising star in factory edible fungi family of China, because its quality is tender and crisp, had the almond flavor that one is light, was applicable to fresh-keeping, processing and the cooking, very popular.Add the rapid increasing of China's batch production yield of flammulina velutipes, impel the output of Pleurotus eryngii also within 2 years, to increase rapidly at this.
About cultivation matrix and the method for Pleurotus eryngii, following patent has done disclosure:
CN101456772B " culture material of a kind of Pleurotus eryngii and preparation method thereof " discloses a kind of culture material and preparation method thereof, culture material comprises cotton seed hulls or wheat straw or straw or corn cob 75-80%, wheat bran or rice bran 5-12%, the argol just 8-10% of poultry, Semen Maydis powder 3-8%, plaster of Paris 1-2%, sucrose 0.5-1.5%, unslaked lime 0.5-1.5%, potassium primary phosphate 0.1-0.3% is added again by the total amount of above-mentioned batching, magnesium sulfate 0.1-0.2%, each component is all weight percent, the argol of cotton seed hulls or wheat straw or straw or corn cob and poultry just uses advance windrow to amass retting: the culture material after Xinbao mushroom culturing is also field earth backing process on the spot: adopt this technical scheme, Pleurotus geesteranus biological growth can be made better, overcome the unspecial defect for the culture material that Pleurotus geesteranus grows and prepare in prior art, simplify production technique, shorten the growth cycle of Pleurotus eryngii, improve the biological transformation ratio of Pleurotus eryngii, but its shortcoming is that not only raw material is many for the formula of culture material, production cost is higher, and batching is complicated, production environment peculiar smell weight, larger on the body and mind impact of staff.
CN1166272C patent discloses " method utilizing corn stalk Xinbao mushroom culturing ", it is the one-level kind of bacterial classification, the preparation of secondary kind that the method comprises Pleurotus eryngii, prepared by cultivation matrix, by cultivation matrix one access secondary kind under aseptic condition, send out bacterium and cultivate, fruiting, adopt mushroom, it is characterized in that cultivation medium formula is: major ingredient: corn stalk 40-100 part, be weight part, lower same, cotton seed hulls 0-100 part; Auxiliary material: wheat bran 4-20 part, cottonseed cake 2-10 part, white sugar 0.4-2 part, terra alba 0.4-2 part, calcium superphosphate 0.4-2 part; Moisture: water 85-430 part, heavy 0.75-1.2 kilogram every bag of cultivation matrix pack, secondary kind inoculum size is 15-30 wheat every bag, after inoculation, sack is tightened, send out bacterium and cultivate 40-50 days, fruiting, former base forms rear 5-12 days and gathers, and goes out second batch of mushroom again after adopting mushroom by change of tide.Above-mentioned method Xinbao mushroom culturing quality is slightly soft, and fruiting lacks of staying power.
CN101456772B discloses substratum of a kind of Pleurotus eryngii and preparation method thereof, and the method is specific as follows:
A kind of substratum of Pleurotus eryngii, this substratum comprises crop stalk 75 ~ 80%, wheat bran or rice bran 5 ~ 12%, the argol of poultry just 8 ~ 10%, Semen Maydis powder 3 ~ 8%, the plaster of Paris 1 ~ 2%, sucrose 0.5 ~ 1.5%, unslaked lime 0.5 ~ 1.5%, then add the potassium primary phosphate and 0.1 ~ 0.2% magnesium sulfate that account for above-mentioned batching total amount 0.1 ~ 0.3%, each component is all weight percent; Described crop stalk is first fully moistening with water before using, and piles up retting 5 ~ 7 days.In two kinds of above-mentioned methods with corn stalk or crop stalk for major ingredient, and clearly disclose in " the Edible Fungi technology " the 3rd section Section eight that Chemical Industry Press publishes: Pleurotus eryngii is not liked and is produced in straw matrix, first-selected cotton seed hulls raw material in production, secondly can the neither too hard, nor too soft scrap wood material of more alternative materials, as poplar, willow, elm, oak, toothed oak etc.
CN101717109 " a kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material " discloses following content: a kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material, it is characterized in that the component comprising following weight percent: wood chip 35%, corn cob 30%, rice bran 20%, wheat bran 14%, Wingdale %, wherein corn cob comprise 4-5 object 60-80%, 5-10 object 20-40%.The preparation method of above-mentioned culture material comprises following step: by wood chip, corn cob, rice bran, wheat bran, lime mixing, add water stirring, makes water content reach a 55-67%.Above-mentioned method has mainly done patent description to the particle diameter of corn cob, and this culture material ventilation property is relatively good, but nutrition is relatively dull, has a certain impact to the output in pleurotus eryngii fruiting later stage.
Therefore, need to improve for above-mentioned defect, seek a kind of convenient batching, cost is low, rich in nutrition content, the method that cultivating rate is high.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the invention provides and a kind ofly can make Pleurotus eryngii output increased and reasonably can utilize again the culture material of Pleurotus eryngii containing rubber tree wood chip of waste;
Present invention also offers the making method of above-mentioned culture material.
The present invention is realized by following technical scheme:
Containing a making method for the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii of rubber tree wood chip, comprise following step:
Corn cob 56.37 wheat bran 19.28
Rubber tree wood chip 21.47 terra alba 0.39
Lime 0.91 cotton seed hulls 5.43
Sugar 1.08 light calcium carbonates 0.94
The bacterium chaff 4.31 golden mushroom root base of a fruit 7.46
Palm hull 3.25 soybean meal 2.07
Cold press peanut meal 3.56 urea 0.35
Manganese 0.15 bronze medal 0.07;
Above-mentioned sugar is at least one in glucose, fructose, maltose and sucrose;
Above-mentioned bacterium chaff is the waste material of cultivating needle mushroom or mushroom;
Described rubber tree wood chip be rubber tree prune or wood working time waste material, sawdust or the wood shavings powder etc. that stay;
The above-mentioned golden mushroom root base of a fruit is after needle mushroom is gathered, and packaging needed the root base of a fruit of the connection culture material part of excising in the past.
Above-mentioned palm hull is the fruit stone housing parts peeled off after removing pulp in plam oil refine process, and it strips off from palm, pure natural plants integral part.
Its water ratio of above-mentioned soybean meal is 4-6%;
The water ratio of described cold press peanut meal is 5-7%;
The water content of above-mentioned rubber tree wood chip is 6-8%.
Preferably, above-mentioned sugar is the mixture of glucose and fructose, and the weight ratio of glucose and fructose is 1:3.
The making method of the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii of above-mentioned rubber tree wood chip of the present invention, comprises following step:
(1) culture material is prepared by following parts by weight:
Corn cob 56.37 wheat bran 19.28
Rubber tree wood chip 21.47 terra alba 0.39
Lime 0.91 cotton seed hulls 5.43
Sugar 1.08 light calcium carbonates 0.94
The bacterium chaff 4.31 golden mushroom root base of a fruit 7.46
Palm hull 3.25 soybean meal 2.07
Cold press peanut meal 3.56 urea 0.35
Manganese 0.15 bronze medal 0.07;
Above-mentioned sugar is at least one in glucose, fructose, maltose and sucrose;
Above-mentioned bacterium chaff is the waste material of cultivating needle mushroom or mushroom;
Described rubber tree wood chip be rubber tree prune or wood working time the waste material, sawdust, wood shavings powder etc. that stay.
The above-mentioned golden mushroom root base of a fruit is after needle mushroom is gathered, and packaging needed the part root base of a fruit of the connection culture material excised in the past.
Above-mentioned palm hull is the fruit stone housing parts peeled off after removing pulp in plam oil refine process.
Its water ratio of above-mentioned soybean meal is 4-6%, and the water ratio of cold press peanut meal is 5-7%;
Above-mentioned corn cob is be crushed to the material that particle diameter is 2-5mm;
The water content that above-mentioned rubber tree wood chip is is 6-8%;
(2) add water fully wetting by corn cob, rubber tree wood chip, cotton seed hulls, palm hull, the add-on of described water is 1-2 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 6-8 hour; By lime, terra alba, light calcium carbonate, urea, manganese, copper, sugar soluble in water, stir, obtain mixing solutions, then in the solution of gained, add wheat bran, the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, bacterium chaff, soybean meal, cold press peanut meal; Then with the raw material blending infiltrated before.
(3) by above-mentioned 2) in the mixture that mixes, pack (bottle) according to a conventional method, 120 ~ 140 DEG C of high-temperature sterilization 2.0 ~ 2.5h, are pleurotus eryngii cultivating material.
Wherein the treatment process of rubber tree wood chip is, rubber tree wood chip dries to water content 10-15%, is crushed to particle diameter 1-5mm after collecting;
Wherein the treatment process of palm hull is, palm hull is shakeout after collecting and dried to water content 10-12%, is crushed to particle diameter 2-10mm;
Wherein the treatment process of the golden mushroom root base of a fruit is, after the golden mushroom root base of a fruit is sheared, drying to its moisture content is 5-10%, is crushed to below particle diameter 1-3mm;
Preferably, the water ratio of above-mentioned culture material is 65-70%.
As a modification of the present invention, the making method containing the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii of brown rubber tree wood chip is as follows:
(1) culture material is prepared by following parts by weight:
Corn cob 56.37 wheat bran 19.28
Rubber tree wood chip 14.47 palm leaves 9.56
Terra alba 0.39 lime 0.91
Cotton seed hulls 5.43 sugar 1.08
Light calcium carbonate 0.94 bacterium chaff 4.31
The golden mushroom root base of a fruit 7.46 palm hull 3.25
Soybean meal 2.07 cold press peanut meal 3.56
Urea 0.35 manganese 0.15
Copper 0.07;
Above-mentioned sugar is at least one in glucose, fructose, maltose and sucrose;
Bacterium chaff is the waste material of cultivating needle mushroom or mushroom;
The treatment process of rubber tree wood chip is, rubber tree wood chip is dried to water content less than 15%, is crushed to particle diameter 1-5mm after collecting;
The treatment process of the golden mushroom root base of a fruit is, drying to moisture content is 5-10%, is crushed to below particle diameter 1-3mm;
Its water ratio of soybean meal is 4-6%, and the water ratio of described cold press peanut meal is 5-7%;
Corn cob is be crushed to the material that particle diameter is 0.2-0.5cm;
The water content that rubber tree wood chip is is 5-7%;
The treatment process of palm leaves is, by chopping after palm leaves collection to 20-30 order, adds bubble and wets, pile up 2-4 hour, and described amount of water is 1-2 times of palm leaves;
(2) add water fully wetting by corn cob, rubber tree wood chip, cotton seed hulls, palm leaves, palm hull, the add-on of described water is 1-2 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 6-8 hour; By lime, terra alba, light calcium carbonate, urea, manganese, copper, sugar soluble in water, stir, obtain mixing solutions, then in the solution of gained, add wheat bran, the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, bacterium chaff, soybean meal, cold press peanut meal; Then with the raw material blending infiltrated before.
(3) by above-mentioned 2) in the mixture that mixes, pack (bottle) according to a conventional method, 120 ~ 140 DEG C of high-temperature sterilization 2.0 ~ 2.5h, obtain pleurotus eryngii cultivating material.
Take corn cob as the formula of major ingredient, the sporophore growth cycle is short, output is also higher, this is relevant to corn cob physicochemical property, corn cob granule degree is larger, air permeability is good, though water suction is slow simultaneously, but water regain is large, water retention capacity is strong, low price, be suitable as factory culture major ingredient, but when using corn cob, granularity can not be too large, the corn cob hardness that granularity is larger is larger, should not be degraded by mycelia, and the corn cob that granularity is large, if the time of prewetting falls short of, during sterilizing, center is drier, do not reach required sterilising temp, easily cause sterilizing not thorough, cause environmental pollution.
Take cotton seed hulls as the formula of major ingredient, fruiting number is many, and single mushroom is heavy on the low side, thus have impact on output, and growth cycle is also longer, therefore should not add more.
Take wood chip as the formula of major ingredient, mushroom body color is comparatively white, but output is very low, wood chip cost is minimum, but needs the accumulation of long period to send out this locality, and composition is unstable, can cause the underproduction if contain hazardous substance, therefore, not all wood chip is all suitable for Xinbao mushroom culturing.
Rubber tree is a kind of aiphyllium of Euphorbiaceae, originates in the tropical rain forest of Brazilian Amazon Basin, up to 30 meters.Due to the main raw material that its resin is natural rubber, some state's daives life of a family of torrid areas, the present world are introduced a fine variety, especially the widest with the cultivation of South Asia various countries.China Hainan Island, Taiwan and our province southern areas introducing culture all in a large number.
Manganese can promote mycelial growth, improve fruiting body yield, and medium and small grade sporophore size and number is had a certain impact, the mechanism of action of manganese is formed relevant with the impact of non-peroxide activity with manganese on Yeast Nucleic Acid, copper is to some bacterial strain, can strengthen its resistance against diseases, but excessive concentration can affect output.
Rubber tree wood chip is compared with common wood chip, be applied in the cultivation of Pleurotus eryngii, its advantage is, rubber tree wood chip, except containing except a large amount of Mierocrystalline celluloses and xylogen, also contains the starch of 3-4% and the protein of 1.2%, its nutrition is more nutritious than common fast-growing hardwood sawdust, be more suitable for hypha of edible fungus to grow and fruiting, and rubber tree material structure is even, belongs to diffuse-porous wood, water-absorbent is strong, good water-retaining property.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is, adopt substrate culture Pleurotus eryngii of the present invention, its mycelial growth is vigorous, and mycelia is pure white dense, there will not be the situations such as contaminated bacteria bag.Pleurotus eryngii sporophore stem is pure white, and mushroom type rounding, do not have misshapen mushroom, biological transformation ratio reaches 108%.In addition, due to the fast development of mushroom industry and broad-leaf forest resource increasingly exhausted, need other resource trying to explore alternative wood chip.Rubber tree is as a kind of economic tree; need constantly to update; about the 30 years economical life of gum; then renewal will be cut down; the exploitation of rubber tree wood chip effectively can reduce the dependence of planting almond abalone mushroom raw material to conventional forest wood chip; to protecting national resource, reducing the felling of forest, regulating the eubiosis etc. all to play good action.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is further described, so that those skilled in the art more understands the present invention, but does not therefore limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1
Containing the making method of the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii of rubber tree wood chip, comprise following step:
(1) culture material is prepared by following parts by weight:
Corn cob 56.37 wheat bran 19.28
Rubber tree wood chip 21.47 terra alba 0.39
Lime 0.91 cotton seed hulls 5.43
Sugar 1.08 light calcium carbonates 0.94
The bacterium chaff 4.31 golden mushroom root base of a fruit 7.46
Palm hull 3.25 soybean meal 2.07
Cold press peanut meal 3.56 urea 0.35
Manganese 0.15 bronze medal 0.07;
Above-mentioned sugar is glucose;
Bacterium chaff is the waste material of cultivating needle mushroom;
Palm hull treatment process is, shakeouts and dry to moisture content 10% after collection, is crushed to particle diameter 7mm.
The treatment process of the golden mushroom root base of a fruit is, is sheared by the golden mushroom root base of a fruit then to dry to its moisture content to be 8%, to be crushed to below particle diameter 2mm;
Its water ratio of soybean meal is 5%, and the water ratio of described cold press peanut meal is 6%;
Corn cob is be crushed to the material that particle diameter is 0.4cm;
The water content that rubber tree wood chip is is 7%;
(2) add water fully wetting by corn cob, rubber tree wood chip, cotton seed hulls, palm hull, the add-on of described water is 1.5-2 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 8 hours; By lime, terra alba, light calcium carbonate, urea, manganese, copper, sugar soluble in water, stir, obtain mixing solutions, then in the solution of gained, add wheat bran, the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, bacterium chaff, soybean meal, cold press peanut meal; Then with the raw material blending infiltrated before.
(3) by above-mentioned 2) in the mixture that mixes, according to a conventional method culture material is loaded 17 × 40 × 0.05cm polypropylene plastics pocket, 125 DEG C of high-temperature sterilization 2.2h, are pleurotus eryngii cultivating material; Inoculation, a bacterium and management of producing mushroom process routinely technical requirements are carried out.
Comparative example 1
Be with the difference of embodiment 1, the wood chip adopted in comparative example 1 is willow wood chip; All the other are identical with embodiment 1;
The culture material that embodiment 1 makes with the method for comparative example 1, on above-mentioned two kinds of different culture materials, the production index of Pleurotus eryngii is as follows:
As can be seen from the results, the Pleurotus eryngii mycelium growth vigor of embodiment 1 is good, and send out bacterium fast, output is high, and cost is low, and economic benefit environmental benefit is good, is worthy to be popularized.
Embodiment 2
Containing the making method of the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii of palm tree wood chip, comprise following step:
(1) culture material is prepared by following parts by weight:
Corn cob 56.37 wheat bran 19.28
Rubber tree wood chip 14.47 palm leaves 9.56
Terra alba 0.39 lime 0.91
Cotton seed hulls 5.43 sugar 1.08
Light calcium carbonate 0.94 bacterium chaff 4.31
The golden mushroom root base of a fruit 7.46 palm hull 3.25
Soybean meal 2.07 cold press peanut meal 3.56
Urea 0.35 manganese 0.15
Copper 0.07;
Above-mentioned sugar is the mixture of glucose and fructose 1:1;
Bacterium chaff is the waste material of cultivating needle mushroom or mushroom;
The treatment process of the golden mushroom root base of a fruit is, drying to moisture content is 8%, is crushed to below particle diameter 2mm;
Palm hull treatment process is, shakeouts and dry to moisture content 10% after collection, is crushed to particle diameter 8mm;
Its water ratio of soybean meal is 5%, and the water ratio of described cold press peanut meal is 6%;
Corn cob is be crushed to the material that particle diameter is 0.3-0.5cm;
The water content that rubber tree wood chip is is 6%;
The treatment process of palm leaves is, after being collected by palm leaves, chopping is to 20-30 order, adds bubble and wets, pile up 4 hours, and described amount of water is 1.5-2 times of palm leaves;
(2) add water fully wetting by corn cob, rubber tree wood chip, cotton seed hulls, palm leaves, palm hull, the add-on of described water is 1.5-2 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 8 hours; By lime, terra alba, light calcium carbonate, urea, manganese, copper, sugar soluble in water, stir, obtain mixing solutions, then in the solution of gained, add wheat bran, the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, bacterium chaff, soybean meal, cold press peanut meal; Then with the raw material blending infiltrated before.
(3) by above-mentioned 2) in the mixture that mixes, pack (bottle) according to a conventional method, 125 DEG C of high-temperature sterilization 2.2h, obtain pleurotus eryngii cultivating material.
It is fast that the present embodiment Pleurotus eryngii sends out bacterium, and grow vigorous, mycelia is pure white dense, does not occur contaminated bacteria bag.Pleurotus eryngii sporophore mushroom type rounding, stem is pure white, do not have misshapen mushroom, fresh mushroom biological transformation ratio reaches 111%, and output exceeds 3% than embodiment 1, simultaneously, the planting material of this embodiment avoids the consumption using common wood chip and considerably reduce cotton seed hulls, effectively reduces the destruction of Deforestation to environment, when not reducing income, ecological benefits are obvious, are worthy to be popularized.
Embodiment 3
Containing a making method for the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii of rubber tree wood chip, comprise following step:
(1) culture material is prepared by following parts by weight:
Corn cob 56.37 wheat bran 19.28
Rubber tree wood chip 21.47 terra alba 0.39
Lime 0.91 cotton seed hulls 5.43
Sugar 1.08 light calcium carbonates 0.94
The bacterium chaff 4.31 golden mushroom root base of a fruit 7.46
Soybean meal 2.07 cold press peanut meal 3.56
Urea 0.35 manganese 0.15
Copper 0.07;
Above-mentioned sugar is glucose;
Bacterium chaff is the waste material of cultivating needle mushroom;
The treatment process of the golden mushroom root base of a fruit is, is sheared by the golden mushroom root base of a fruit then to dry to its moisture content to be 8%, to be crushed to particle diameter 2-3mm;
Its water ratio of soybean meal is 5%, and the water ratio of described cold press peanut meal is 6%;
Corn cob is be crushed to the material that particle diameter is 0.3-0.5cm;
The water content that rubber tree wood chip is is 7%;
(2) add water fully wetting by corn cob, rubber tree wood chip, cotton seed hulls, palm hull, the add-on of described water is 1.5-2 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 8 hours; By lime, terra alba, light calcium carbonate, urea, manganese, copper, sugar soluble in water, stir, obtain mixing solutions, then in the solution of gained, add wheat bran, the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, bacterium chaff, soybean meal, cold press peanut meal; Then with the raw material blending infiltrated before.
(3) by above-mentioned 2) in the mixture that mixes, according to a conventional method culture material is loaded 17 × 40 × 0.05cm polypropylene plastics pocket, 125 DEG C of high-temperature sterilization 2.2h, are pleurotus eryngii cultivating material; Inoculation, a bacterium and management of producing mushroom process routinely technical requirements are carried out.
Containing abundant mineral element in palm hull, what wherein content was maximum is potassium element, and general containing potassium 6-12%, wherein more than 90% is water-soluble, exists with carbonate form; Next is phosphorus, generally containing 1.5-3%; Also containing the micronutrient element such as calcium, magnesium, silicon, sulphur and iron, manganese, copper, zinc, boron, molybdenum.
Do not add palm hull in the present embodiment, its effect is as follows: it is fast that Pleurotus eryngii mycelia sends out bacterium, and mycelia is pure white dense, does not occur contaminated bacteria bag.Pleurotus eryngii sporophore mushroom type rounding, stem is pure white, does not have misshapen mushroom, and biological transformation ratio is 98%.Compared with embodiment 1, mycelium growth vigor is slightly poor, and the fruiting later stage lacks of staying power, and output is lower than embodiment 1 by 10%.

Claims (7)

1. the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii containing rubber tree wood chip, it is characterized in that, described culture material comprises the composition of following portions by weight:
Corn cob 56.37 wheat bran 19.28
Rubber tree wood chip 21.47 terra alba 0.39
Lime 0.91 cotton seed hulls 5.43
Sugar 1.08 light calcium carbonates 0.94
The bacterium chaff 4.31 golden mushroom root base of a fruit 7.46
Palm hull 3.25 soybean meal 2.07
Cold press peanut meal 3.56 urea 0.35
Manganese 0.15 bronze medal 0.07;
Above-mentioned sugar is at least one in glucose, fructose, maltose and sucrose;
Described bacterium chaff is the waste material of cultivating needle mushroom or mushroom;
Described rubber tree wood chip be rubber tree prune or wood working time the waste material, sawdust or the wood shavings powder that stay;
The described golden mushroom root base of a fruit is after needle mushroom is gathered, the root base of a fruit of the connection culture material part of excision before packaging;
Described palm hull is the fruit stone housing parts peeled off after removing pulp when extracting plam oil;
Its water ratio of described soybean meal is 4-6%, and the water ratio of described cold press peanut meal is 5-7%;
The water content of described rubber tree wood chip is 6-8%.
2. the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii containing rubber tree wood chip as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described sugar is the mixture of glucose and fructose, and the weight ratio of glucose and fructose is 1:3.
3. the making method of the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii containing rubber tree wood chip as claimed in claim 1 or 2, comprises following step:
(1) culture material is prepared by following parts by weight:
Corn cob 56.37 wheat bran 19.28
Rubber tree wood chip 21.47 terra alba 0.39
Lime 0.91 cotton seed hulls 5.43
Sugar 1.08 light calcium carbonates 0.94
The bacterium chaff 4.31 golden mushroom root base of a fruit 7.46
Palm hull 3.25 soybean meal 2.07
Cold press peanut meal 3.56 urea 0.35
Manganese 0.15 bronze medal 0.07;
Above-mentioned sugar is at least one in glucose, fructose, maltose and sucrose;
Described bacterium chaff is the waste material of cultivating needle mushroom or mushroom;
Described rubber tree wood chip be rubber tree prune or wood working time the waste material, sawdust or the wood shavings powder that stay;
The described golden mushroom root base of a fruit is after needle mushroom is gathered, the root base of a fruit of the connection culture material part of excision before packaging;
Described palm hull is the fruit stone housing parts peeled off after removing pulp when extracting plam oil;
Its water ratio of described soybean meal is 4-6%;
The water ratio of described cold press peanut meal is 5-7%;
Described corn cob is be crushed to the material that particle diameter is 2-5mm;
The water content that described rubber tree wood chip is is 6-8%;
(2) add water fully wetting by corn cob, rubber tree wood chip, cotton seed hulls, palm hull, the add-on of described water is 1-2 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 6-8 hour; By lime, terra alba, light calcium carbonate, urea, manganese, copper, sugar soluble in water, stir, obtain mixing solutions, then in the solution of gained, add wheat bran, the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, bacterium chaff, soybean meal, cold press peanut meal; Then with the raw material blending infiltrated before;
(3) mixture will mixed in above-mentioned steps (2), according to a conventional method pack or bottling, 120 ~ 140 DEG C of high-temperature sterilization 2.0 ~ 2.5h, are pleurotus eryngii cultivating material.
4. the making method of the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii containing rubber tree wood chip as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that, described palm hull is shakeout after collecting and dried to water content 10-12%, is crushed to particle diameter 2-10mm.
5. the making method of the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii containing rubber tree wood chip as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, the treatment process of the described golden mushroom root base of a fruit is sheared by the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, drying to its moisture content is 5-10%, is crushed to below particle diameter 1-3mm.
6. the making method of the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii containing rubber tree wood chip as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, the water ratio of described culture material is 65-70%.
7. the making method of the culture material of the Pleurotus eryngii containing rubber tree wood chip as claimed in claim 1 or 2, comprises following step:
(1) culture material is prepared by following parts by weight:
Corn cob 56.37 wheat bran 19.28
Rubber tree wood chip 21.47 palm leaves 9.56
Terra alba 0.39 lime 0.91
Cotton seed hulls 5.43 sugar 1.08
Light calcium carbonate 0.94 bacterium chaff 4.31
The golden mushroom root base of a fruit 7.46 palm hull 3.25
Soybean meal 2.07 cold press peanut meal 3.56
Urea 0.35 manganese 0.15
Copper 0.07;
Above-mentioned sugar is at least one in glucose, fructose, maltose and sucrose;
Above-mentioned bacterium chaff is the waste material of cultivating needle mushroom or mushroom;
The treatment process of the above-mentioned golden mushroom root base of a fruit is, drying to moisture content is 5-10%, is crushed to below particle diameter 1-3mm;
Its water ratio of above-mentioned soybean meal is 4-6%, and the water ratio of described cold press peanut meal is 5-7%;
Above-mentioned corn cob is be crushed to the material that particle diameter is 0.2-0.5cm;
The water content that above-mentioned rubber tree wood chip is is 6-8%;
The treatment process of above-mentioned palm leaves is, by chopping after palm leaves collection to 20-30 order, adds bubble and wets, pile up 2-4 hour, and described amount of water is 1-2 times of palm leaves;
(2) add water fully wetting by corn cob, rubber tree wood chip, cotton seed hulls, palm leaves, palm hull, the add-on of described water is 1-2 times of above-mentioned compound weight, keeps 6-8 hour; By lime, terra alba, light calcium carbonate, urea, manganese, copper, sugar soluble in water, stir, obtain mixing solutions, then in the solution of gained, add wheat bran, the golden mushroom root base of a fruit, bacterium chaff, soybean meal, cold press peanut meal; Then with the raw material blending infiltrated before;
(3) mixture will mixed in above-mentioned steps (2), according to a conventional method pack or bottling, at 120 ~ 140 DEG C, high-temperature sterilization 2.0 ~ 2.5h, obtains pleurotus eryngii cultivating material.
CN201410159771.5A 2014-04-21 2014-04-21 Containing the culture material and preparation method thereof of the Pleurotus eryngii of rubber tree wood chip CN103922847B (en)

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