CN101889512A - Cutting seedling culture method of seabuckthorn tender branches in severe cold area and special seedling culture substrate - Google Patents

Cutting seedling culture method of seabuckthorn tender branches in severe cold area and special seedling culture substrate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101889512A
CN101889512A CN2010102219903A CN201010221990A CN101889512A CN 101889512 A CN101889512 A CN 101889512A CN 2010102219903 A CN2010102219903 A CN 2010102219903A CN 201010221990 A CN201010221990 A CN 201010221990A CN 101889512 A CN101889512 A CN 101889512A
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seedling
buckthorn
sea
cutting
seedling culture
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CN2010102219903A
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CN101889512B (en
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陈奇凌
王东健
花东来
刘书元
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Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
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Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
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    • Y02P60/216

Abstract

The invention relates to a cutting seedling culture method of seabuckthorn tender branches and a special seedling culture substrate, in particular to a cutting seedling culture method of seabuckthorn tender branches in a severe cold area and a special seedling culture substrate. The method comprises the following steps of: preparing cutting wood, processing the cutting wood, culturing by cutting, hardening off, keeping seedlings in seedling beds for overwintering and planting in next spring, wherein the transplanting of the seedlings cultured by cutting is carried out in a special seedling bed substrate. Especially by adopting the special substrate of the invention, the method which keeps the seedlings the roots of which completely grow in the seedling beds for overwintering without transplanting in the garden in the current year can greatly improve the survival rate of the seabuckthorn tender branches subject to cutting seedling culture and has great significance in the cutting seedling culture of the seabuckthorn tender branches in the severe cold area.

Description

High and cold area sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting method and special-purpose seedling medium
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting method and special-purpose seedling medium, particularly at high and cold area sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting method and special-purpose seedling medium.
Background technology
Cuttage is to use the part of the stem of plant corpus or root as propagating materials, impel it that adventive root or indefinite bud take place, cultivate into that rhizome has both, a kind of asexual process of complete independent plant, tool significance on plant propagation, be vegetative main means, characteristics such as have technology simple, reproduction speed is fast, and cost is low.
The sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting is the important means that sea-buckthorn is grown seedlings, the sea-buckthorn cuttage and seedling culture more has Special Significance, because sea-buckthorn is a dioecism, male and female are distinguished in the breeding of growing directly from seeds difficulty down, also can't keep varietal character, so cottage propagation is the topmost propagation method of sea-buckthorn clone kind.
Sea-buckthorn is transplanted a cutting and is comprehensive rooting types, takes root based on skin zone, and inserting promptly had skin zone to take root in back 15 days, and the visible skin zone of most of cutting takes root about 20 days, and the bottom tool of transplanting a cutting is many.
Epicormic branch cuttage commonly used in the production is done propagating materials with the branch of season of growth semi-lignified, band leaf.
Sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting key link is cuttage rooting link and nursery stock transplanting link.At present, the cuttage rooting link mainly is to carry out under specific environment, and as carrying out under the full exposure spraying slotting machine, technology is very ripe.And during nursery stock transplanting because the variation of life condition is particularly shifted to big Tanaka's growth by slotting machine, survive and all difficult grasp of growing, especially carry out the sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cuttage in high and cold district, the nursery stock transplanting link becomes more important.The one, growth time is of short duration interiorly, and epicormic branch cuttage was taken root in 15 days, and 45 days to 60 days, seedlings root was grown complete and can independently be absorbed moisture and nutrient, and just can transplant this moment.
In high and cold areas such as North SinKiangs, Xinjiang, the sea-buckthorn plugged ear was made at the beginning of 7 months, seedling replanting can be gone into the garden by the end of August at the beginning of 9 months at present, transplant the slow seedling in back 20 days, and can't regrow then after general the transplanting, entered cold winter this moment, in the nursery, continued in 1 year to cultivate, just can go out the garden after 1 year.And behind seedling replanting, the variation of soil moisture survives concerning nursery stock transplanting, and perfect condition should keep suitable moisture state, but in producing difficulty accomplish, commonly neglect wet neglecting and do.Sea-buckthorn root system happiness permiable soil, seedling is all the more so, in high and cold areas such as North SinKiangs, Xinjiang, particularly because of the high wet condition that snow melting brought seedling is survived the fatal danger side of body of formation 1 year spring, test for many years shows, dead the reaching more than 90% of seedling this moment had a strong impact on the efficient of sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting.
Therefore, a kind of seedling medium in high and cold area sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting method and special use just is suggested.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of method and special-purpose seedling medium that improves sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting survival rate, particularly improve sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting survival rate method and special-purpose seedling medium at high and cold area.
The objective of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
The main process of described sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting is as follows:
Plugged ear is made: the shoot of selecting to reach semi-lignified is as plugged ear: spike length 12-20cm, and following clip is the oblique shape of a hoof, and clip will be put down, and 2-5 sheet leaf can be stayed in top, in time the fringe bar is dipped in the water to prevent dehydration in the system fringe process.
Plugged ear is handled: with plugged ear bottom clip and tie together, place the medicament soup of taking root to soak fringe bar bottom 2-3cm and be advisable, immersion 0.5~1h should avoid upper blade to contact soup and causes rotting;
The described medicament of taking root is the soup of ABT1 number 80~150ppm concentration.
Cottage breeding: the seedbed after will sterilizing is loose, when preventing to insert fringe bar phloem impaired and the influence take root, the plugged ear cuttage is gone in the seedbed degree of depth 2-4cm, every square metre of 800-1500 strain of density, 45 days to 60 days plugged ear root system developments are complete under full exposure spraying environment becomes seedling;
Practice seedling: root system development gradually reduces the spraying number of times after fully, successively decreases 7~15 days in the ratio that reduces spraying number of times 8~12% every day, can satisfy self needs by root water uptake to seedling;
Stay bed to survive the winter: the seedling with root system development after complete is kept somewhere in the seedbed and survives the winter, and evades after next spring, accumulated snow melted, and soil is crossed the fatal danger side of body of wet permeability difference to the sea-buckthorn seedling, takes seedling then not transplant and a method of staying bed to survive the winter.
Go into the garden: implant seedling in the nursery and get final product next spring.
As improved technical scheme, special-purpose seedling medium is preferably adopted in above-mentioned seedbed: one or more 5~7 parts in the mixture of getting by weight in river sand, vermiculite, the slag mixes as matrix with sawdust 3-5 part;
As further improvement, above-mentioned matrix preferably is applied to dark 15~25cm in the seedbed, width 8~15cm and forms the matrix band, and described plugged ear is planted in described matrix band, to reach the maximization that matrix is utilized.
The most handy before use 0.3-0.5 ‰ disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate of above-mentioned matrix.
As further improvement, above-mentioned seedling goes into the garden, and preferably to select weight percent concentration when planting for use be that brassinosteroid 0.005~0.015mg/kg aqueous solution of 0.05~0.15% dips in root.
Method of the present invention is not implanted into the garden then by the seedling after root system development is complete and keeps somewhere the method for surviving the winter in the seedbed, special employing dedicated substrate of the present invention, can improve the survival rate of sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting greatly, high and cold area be carried out the sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting have great importance.
Embodiment:
The embodiment 1:6 last ten-days period month to early July selects the thick 0.3~0.6cm of stem to reach the shoot of semi-lignified as plugged ear, cutting length 12~20cm, following clip is the oblique shape of a hoof, clip will be put down, 2-5 sheet leaf can be stayed in top, in time the fringe bar is dipped in the water to prevent dehydration in the system fringe process, with the ABT1 soup of 80~150ppm concentration as the medicament of taking root, place the medicament soup of taking root to soak fringe bar bottom 2-3cm well plugged ear bottom clip and neat bundle, soak 0.5~1h, should avoid upper blade contact soup and cause rotting, 5 parts in mixture getting river sand and vermiculite by 1: 1 weight ratio mixes as matrix for 5 parts with sawdust, matrix is used 0.3 ‰ liquor potassic permanganate spray disinfectants before use, select the good sand soil of draining to break into 1 meter square furrow, matrix is tiled in the furrow 20cm thickness as seedbed and the seedbed is loose, when preventing to insert fringe bar phloem impaired and the influence take root, the plugged ear cuttage is gone in the seedbed, degree of depth 2-4cm, every square metre of 800-1500 strain of density, under full exposure spraying environment 45 days, gradually reduce the spraying number of times after root system development is complete, successively decreased 10 days in the ratio that reduces spraying number of times 10% every day, so that seedling can be satisfied self needs by root water uptake, keep according to the seedbed situation after 10 days that the seedbed is moistening to get final product, seedling after root system development is complete is kept somewhere in the seedbed and survives the winter, seedling implanted in the nursery to melting of ice and snow next spring and get final product, it is that brassinosteroid 0.005~0.015mg/kg aqueous solution of 0.05~0.15% dips in root that seedling goes into to select for use when plant in the garden weight percent concentration.
Embodiment 2: compare with embodiment 1, the difference of present embodiment is to get at 1: 2 by weight river sand, 7 parts in the mixture of vermiculite mixes as matrix for 5 parts with sawdust, select the good sand soil of draining and open interior dark 25cm, the ditch of width 15cm, described matrix is filled in formation matrix band in the ditch, described plugged ear is planted in described matrix band, under full exposure spraying environment 50 days, gradually reduce the spraying number of times after root system development is complete, successively decreased 12 days in the ratio that reduces spraying number of times 8% every day, keep the seedbed moistening until winter afterwards, replant seedling in the nursery and get final product next spring.
Embodiment 3: compare with embodiment 1, when the difference of present embodiment is that seedling goes into the garden and plants, 6 parts in mixture getting river sand, vermiculite by weight at 3: 1 mixes as matrix for 3 parts with sawdust, select the good sand soil of draining and open the interior ditch of 20cm, width 15cm deeply, described matrix is filled in formation matrix band in the ditch, described seedling is planted in described matrix band, and normal management goes out the garden until autumn and gets final product afterwards.
Embodiment 4: compare with embodiment 1,7 parts in the mixture that the difference of present embodiment is to get at 1: 1: 1 by weight river sand, vermiculite and slag mixes as matrix for 3 parts with sawdust, select the good sand soil of draining to break into 1 * 2 meter square furrow, it is thick that described matrix is tiled in the furrow 15cm, described plugged ear is planted in described matrix, under full exposure spraying environment 60 days, gradually reduce the spraying number of times after root system development is complete, successively decreased 7 days in the ratio that reduces spraying number of times 10% every day, keep the seedbed moistening until winter afterwards, replant seedling in the nursery and get final product next spring.
Embodiment 5: compare with embodiment 1, the difference of present embodiment is to get at 2: 1: 1 by weight river sand, 7 parts in the mixture of vermiculite and slag mixes as matrix for 4 parts with sawdust, select the good sand soil of draining to break into 0.5 * 2 meter square furrow, it is thick that described matrix is tiled in the furrow 18cm, described plugged ear is planted in described matrix, under full exposure spraying environment 50 days, gradually reduce the spraying number of times after root system development is complete, successively decreased 10 days in the ratio that reduces spraying number of times 10% every day, keep the seedbed moistening until winter afterwards, replant seedling in the nursery and get final product next spring.
Embodiment 6: compare with embodiment 1, the difference of present embodiment is to get at 1: 2: 1 by weight river sand, 6 parts in the mixture of vermiculite and slag mixes as matrix for 4 parts with sawdust, select the good sand soil of draining to break into 0.8 * 2 meter square furrow, it is thick that described matrix is tiled in the furrow 17cm, described plugged ear is planted in described matrix, under full exposure spraying environment 50 days, gradually reduce the spraying number of times after root system development is complete, successively decreased 10 days in the ratio that reduces spraying number of times 10% every day, keep the seedbed moistening until winter afterwards, replant seedling in the nursery and get final product next spring.
Embodiment 7: compare with embodiment 1, the difference of present embodiment is to get by weight 6 parts in river sand and mixes as matrix for 3 parts with sawdust, select the good sand soil of draining to break into 0.8 * 1.5 meter square furrow, it is thick that described matrix is tiled in the furrow 16cm, described plugged ear is planted in described matrix, under full exposure spraying environment 60 days, gradually reduce the spraying number of times after root system development is complete, successively decreased 10 days in the ratio that reduces spraying number of times 10% every day, keep the seedbed moistening until winter afterwards, replant seedling in the nursery and get final product next spring.
Embodiment 8: compare with embodiment 1, the difference of present embodiment is to get by weight 5 parts of vermiculites and mixes as matrix for 5 parts with sawdust, select the good sand soil of draining and open the interior ditch of 20cm, width 15cm deeply, described matrix is filled in formation matrix band in the ditch, described plugged ear is planted in the matrix band, under full exposure spraying environment 50 days, gradually reduce the spraying number of times after root system development is complete, successively decreased 10 days in the ratio that reduces spraying number of times 10% every day, keep the seedbed moistening until winter afterwards, replant seedling in the nursery and get final product next spring.
Embodiment 9: compare with embodiment 1,7 parts in the mixture that the difference of present embodiment is to get at 1: 2 by weight river sand and slag mixes as matrix for 4 parts with sawdust, select the good sand soil of draining and open interior dark 18cm, the ditch of width 15cm, described matrix is filled in formation matrix band in the ditch, described plugged ear is planted in the matrix band, under full exposure spraying environment 50 days, gradually reduce the spraying number of times after root system development is complete, successively decreased 10 days in the ratio that reduces spraying number of times 10% every day, keep the seedbed moistening until winter afterwards, replant seedling in the nursery and get final product next spring.
Embodiment 10: compare with embodiment 1, the difference of present embodiment be described matrix before use in 110 ℃ of steam the sterilization 10 minutes.
Embodiment 11: compare with embodiment 2, the difference of present embodiment be described matrix before use in 150 ℃ of steam the sterilization 10 minutes.
Embodiment 12: compare with embodiment 3, the difference of present embodiment be described matrix before use in 180 ℃ of steam the sterilization 5 minutes.
Embodiment 13: compare with embodiment 4, the difference of present embodiment be described matrix before use in 120 ℃ of steam the sterilization 8 minutes.

Claims (8)

1. sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting method is characterized in that main process is as follows:
Plugged ear is made: select to reach the shoot of semi-lignified as plugged ear;
Plugged ear is handled: place the medicament soup of taking root to soak 0.5~1h plugged ear bottom clip 2-3cm;
Cottage breeding: the plugged ear cuttage is gone in the seedbed, degree of depth 2-4cm, 45~60 days plugged ear root system developments are complete under full exposure spraying environment becomes seedling;
Practice seedling: gradually reduce the spraying number of times after root system development is complete, successively decreased 7~15 days in the ratio that reduces spraying number of times 8~12% every day;
Stay bed to survive the winter: the seedling with root system development after complete is kept somewhere in the seedbed and survives the winter;
Go into the garden: implant seedling in the nursery next spring again.
2. sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting method according to claim 1 is characterized in that described seedbed adopts special-purpose seedling medium: one or more 5~7 parts in the mixture of getting by weight in river sand, vermiculite, the slag mixes as matrix with sawdust 3-5 part.
3. sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting method according to claim 2 is characterized in that described matrix is applied to dark 15~25cm in the seedbed, width 8~15cm and forms the matrix band, and described plugged ear is planted in described matrix band.
4. according to claim 2 or 3 described sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting methods, it is characterized in that described matrix uses 0.3-0.5 ‰ disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate before use.
5. according to claim 2 or 3 described sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting methods, it is characterized in that described matrix uses steam sterilization more than 100 ℃ before use.
6. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting methods, it is characterized in that when described seedling goes into the garden and plants with weight percent concentration being that brassinosteroid 0.005~0.015mg/kg aqueous solution of 0.05~0.15% dips in root.
7. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting methods, it is characterized in that the described medicament of taking root is the soup of ABT1 number 80~150ppm concentration.
8. the seedling medium of sea-buckthorn epicormic branch cutting special use is characterized in that one or more 5~7 parts in the mixture in effluent sand, vermiculite, the slag mixes composition with sawdust 3-5 part.
CN2010102219903A 2010-07-09 2010-07-09 Cutting seedling culture method of seabuckthorn tender branches in severe cold area and special seedling culture substrate Expired - Fee Related CN101889512B (en)

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CN103283437A (en) * 2013-05-01 2013-09-11 新疆农垦科学院 Method for planting sea-buckthorn in gobi of alpine regions
CN106332687A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-18 新疆博林科技发展有限责任公司 Cuttage method of semi-lignified branches of sea buckthorn
CN106342585A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-25 新疆博林科技发展有限责任公司 Sea buckthorn seedbed preparation method
CN108934892A (en) * 2018-09-12 2018-12-07 柳州金珀科技有限公司 A kind of cuttage and seedling culture method of Vegetable-type night fragrant flower
CN110214562A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-09-10 承德宇航人高山植物应用技术有限责任公司 A kind of configuration method of big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting growth substrate and seedbed
CN111527898A (en) * 2020-06-16 2020-08-14 辽宁省旱地农林研究所 Method for cutting and root-forcing of sea-buckthorn hardwood
CN114402949A (en) * 2022-01-07 2022-04-29 新疆维吾尔自治区阿克苏地区林业技术推广服务中心 Sea-buckthorn cuttage substrate and sea-buckthorn cuttage method

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CN2817388Y (en) * 2005-07-29 2006-09-20 付广芝 Cut seedbed for stingless and monterey sea-buckthorn twig
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103283437A (en) * 2013-05-01 2013-09-11 新疆农垦科学院 Method for planting sea-buckthorn in gobi of alpine regions
CN103283437B (en) * 2013-05-01 2014-10-15 新疆农垦科学院 Method for planting sea-buckthorn in gobi of alpine regions
CN106332687A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-18 新疆博林科技发展有限责任公司 Cuttage method of semi-lignified branches of sea buckthorn
CN106342585A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-25 新疆博林科技发展有限责任公司 Sea buckthorn seedbed preparation method
CN108934892A (en) * 2018-09-12 2018-12-07 柳州金珀科技有限公司 A kind of cuttage and seedling culture method of Vegetable-type night fragrant flower
CN110214562A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-09-10 承德宇航人高山植物应用技术有限责任公司 A kind of configuration method of big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting growth substrate and seedbed
CN111527898A (en) * 2020-06-16 2020-08-14 辽宁省旱地农林研究所 Method for cutting and root-forcing of sea-buckthorn hardwood
CN114402949A (en) * 2022-01-07 2022-04-29 新疆维吾尔自治区阿克苏地区林业技术推广服务中心 Sea-buckthorn cuttage substrate and sea-buckthorn cuttage method

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