CN110214562A - A kind of configuration method of big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting growth substrate and seedbed - Google Patents

A kind of configuration method of big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting growth substrate and seedbed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110214562A
CN110214562A CN201910564856.4A CN201910564856A CN110214562A CN 110214562 A CN110214562 A CN 110214562A CN 201910564856 A CN201910564856 A CN 201910564856A CN 110214562 A CN110214562 A CN 110214562A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
growth substrate
seedbed
buckthorn
centimetres
bed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910564856.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
池树学
岳丽华
刘春海
周常国
冷建伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHENGDE YUHANGREN ALPINE PLANTS APPLIED TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CHENGDE YUHANGREN ALPINE PLANTS APPLIED TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Application filed by CHENGDE YUHANGREN ALPINE PLANTS APPLIED TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical CHENGDE YUHANGREN ALPINE PLANTS APPLIED TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910564856.4A priority Critical patent/CN110214562A/en
Publication of CN110214562A publication Critical patent/CN110214562A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G2/00Vegetative propagation
    • A01G2/10Vegetative propagation by means of cuttings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics

Abstract

The present invention relates to the configuration methods of a kind of big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting growth substrate and seedbed, comprising: step 1, nursery lot select: soil types is loam;The selection of plugging soil: step 2 selects soil fertility high, plugging soil is done in ventilation and the good plot of water permeability in nursery lot;Step 3 makees bed: inserting garden and uses high bed, 8-15 centimetres of the altitude range of bed, the width of bed is 120 centimetres, and surrounding is built into brick;Step 4 configures growth substrate: growth substrate used in full cuttage is filled in ready-made seedbed, growth substrate selects pure quartz sand, and thickness range is 8-15 centimetres;Disinfection: step 5 uses ferrous sulfate aqueous solution and potassium permanganate solution spray disinfectant;Step 6, cuttage: the cuttings that will be handled well is inserted in growth substrate;Step 7, sprinkling irrigation.The present invention improves big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting growth substrate and seedbed, replaces growth substrate every year, can solve that existing softwood cutting propagation is at high cost, the low problem of cuttage survival rate.

Description

A kind of configuration method of big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting growth substrate and seedbed
Technical field
The present invention relates to the field of configuration more particularly to a kind of big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting in growth substrate and seedbed to grow base The configuration method of matter and seedbed.
Background technique
Shoot cutting is the important reproduction technique means of big fruit sea-buckthorn Clonal regeneration, and growth substrate is big fruit sea-buckthorn spray skewer Insert the key of reproductive success.The growth substrate structure in existing seedbed is 3 layers, lower layer (basal layer) cobble, 15-20 centimetres of thickness; Middle layer sweetened bean paste, 10-15 centimetres of thickness;Upper layer river sand (sandy soil), 15-20 centimetres of thickness.
Existing seedbed growth substrate carries out shoot cutting big fruit sea-buckthorn, first is that it is at high cost to make bed, cleaning or processing seedbed at Ben Genggao;Second is that 90% or more the growth substrate big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting survival rate that First Year disinfects, however second year is big Fruit sea-buckthorn spray skewer survival rate 50%, third year big fruit sea-buckthorn spray skewer survival rate it is lower, to reach fast numerous purpose, need every year more Change growth substrate, wherein growth substrate determines survival rate in breeding practice, and second year, which starts survival rate, reduces many reasons First is that growth substrate disinfection is not thorough, there are also pathogenic bacteria or viruses.Second is that certain substance of growth substrate of breeding 1 year is reduced, Big fruit sea-buckthorn spray is taken root difficulty.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the present invention in place of solving the above deficiencies in the existing technologies.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the configuration side of a kind of big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting growth substrate and seedbed Method, comprising: step 1, the selection of nursery lot: selection requires: selection topography is higher, and drought can water, and flood can drain, nursery lot light According to abundance, relatively gently, it is convenient for operation, soil types is loam;The selection of plugging soil: step 2 selects soil in nursery lot Fertility is high, and plugging soil is done in ventilation and the good plot of water permeability;Step 3 makees bed: inserting garden and uses high bed, the altitude range 8-15 of bed Centimetre, the width of bed is 120 centimetres, and surrounding is built into brick;Step 4 configures growth substrate: filling in ready-made seedbed Growth substrate used in full cuttage, growth substrate select pure quartz sand, and the thickness range of growth substrate is 8-15 centimetres;Step Rapid five, disinfection: being sprayed growth substrate with the ferrous sulfate aqueous solution that mass fraction is 2%, the next day mass fraction be 0.8% Potassium permanganate solution sprays growth substrate surface, after the potassium permanganate solution sterilizes one day, then it is primary with clear water hydro-peening; Step 6, cuttage: the cuttings that will be handled well is inserted in growth substrate;Step 7, sprinkling irrigation: the sprinkling irrigation of nursery uses micro- spray, simultaneously A plant transpiration rates analyzer is configured, to control the spraying time, realizes automatic management, before cuttage rooting, seedbed is wet 90% or more, temperature control reduces humidity in 28-32 degree, after taking root to 70% for degree control, reduces spray timings.
In a possible embodiment, the model SY-1023 of the plant transpiration rates analyzer.
In a possible embodiment, in the step 6, seeding row spacing range is 4-6 centimetres, and cuttage depth is 6-7 Centimetre.
In a possible embodiment, the growth substrate selects the quartz sand of 10-40 mesh.
In a possible embodiment, the former plugging soil garden second year can also cutting propagation, concrete operations are as follows: Make bed brick and be cleaned to spare at one, old growth substrate is replaced with new growth substrate, plugging soil was through sunlight with drying 4 months, so Afterwards in shoot cutting season according to Step 3: Step 4: Step 5: Step 6: step 7 repeats cutting propagation.
In a possible embodiment, the choosing method of the pure quartz sand is as follows: will be in quartz sand raw material The quartz sand that epidermis contains impurity scrapes off 40-60 centimetres, and lower part is selected not have the quartz sand of impurity to do growth substrate.
The present invention improves big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting growth substrate and seedbed, replaces growth substrate every year, can be with Solve that existing softwood cutting propagation is at high cost, the low problem of cuttage survival rate.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, required use in being described below to embodiment Attached drawing be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the invention, for this For the those of ordinary skill of field, without creative efforts, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings others Attached drawing.
Fig. 1 is a kind of big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting seedbed provided in an embodiment of the present invention schematic diagram.
Specific embodiment
Specification embodiment of the invention and term " first " in claims and attached drawing, " second " etc. are for area Not similar object, without being used to describe a particular order or precedence order.In addition, term " includes " and " having " and he Any deformation, it is intended that cover it is non-exclusive include, for example, containing a series of steps or units.Method, system, Product or equipment those of are not necessarily limited to be clearly listed step or unit, but may include be not clearly listed or for The intrinsic other step or units of these process, methods, product or equipment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, technical scheme of the present invention will be described in further detail.
Such as Fig. 1, the embodiment of the present invention provides the configuration method of a kind of big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting growth substrate and seedbed, packet It includes:
Step 1, the selection of nursery lot:
Selection requires: selection topography is higher, and drought can water, and flood can drain, and nursery lot illumination is sufficient, relatively gently, is convenient for Operation, soil types are loam 1.
Step 2, the selection of plugging soil:
Select soil fertility high in nursery lot, plugging soil is done in ventilation and the good plot of water permeability.
Step 3 makees bed:
It inserts garden and uses high bed, 8-15 centimetres of the altitude range of bed, the width of bed is 120 centimetres, and surrounding brick 2 is built into.
Step 4 configures growth substrate:
Growth substrate used in full cuttage is filled in ready-made seedbed, growth substrate selects pure quartz sand 3, grows The thickness range of matrix is 8-15 centimetres.
Step 5, disinfection:
With mass fraction be 2% ferrous sulfate aqueous solution spray growth substrate, the next day mass fraction be 0.8% height Mangaic acid aqueous solutions of potassium sprays growth substrate surface, after the potassium permanganate solution sterilizes one day, then it is primary with clear water hydro-peening.
Step 6, cuttage:
The cuttings that will be handled well, is inserted in growth substrate.
Step 7, sprinkling irrigation:
The sprinkling irrigation of nursery uses micro- spray, while configuring a plant transpiration rates analyzer, real to control the spraying time Existing automatic management, before cuttage rooting, 90% or more, temperature is controlled in 28-32 degree seedbed humid control, is reduced after taking root wet It spends to 70%, reduces spray timings.
In one example, in step 7, temperature is 30 degree.
In one example, the model SY-1023 of plant transpiration rates analyzer.
In one example, in step 6, seeding row spacing range is 4-6 centimetres, and cuttage depth is 6-7 centimetres.
In one example, the growth substrate selects the quartz sand 3 of 10-40 mesh.
In one example, the choosing method of the pure quartz sand 3 is as follows:
The quartz sand 3 that 3 raw material mesocuticle of quartz sand contains impurity is scraped off 40-60 centimetres, lower part is selected not have impurity Quartz sand 3 does growth substrate.
It recycles
Second year of the present invention in former plugging soil garden can also cutting propagation, make bed brick 2 and be cleaned to spare at one, growth substrate With bull-dozer whole scraped clean, Gui Sha factory is bought in 3 entrucking of quartz sand, and plugging soil was through sunlight with drying 4 months, then in shoot cutting Season is according to Step 3: Step 4: Step 5: Step 6: step 7 repeats cutting propagation.
Compared with the mode of the prior art, this patent is had the advantage that
1, shoot cutting is at low cost.
2, shoot cutting high survival rate reaches fast numerous purpose, solves nursery stock shortage problem.
Above-described specific embodiment has carried out further the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and beneficial effects It is described in detail, it should be understood that being not intended to limit the present invention the foregoing is merely a specific embodiment of the invention Protection scope, all any modification, improvement etc. on the basis of technical solution of the present invention, made should all be included in this Within the protection scope of invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of configuration method of big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting growth substrate and seedbed characterized by comprising
Step 1, the selection of nursery lot:
Selection requires: selection topography is higher, and drought can water, and flood can drain, and nursery lot illumination is sufficient, relatively gently, is convenient for operation, Soil types is loam;
Step 2, the selection of plugging soil:
Select soil fertility high in nursery lot, plugging soil is done in ventilation and the good plot of water permeability;
Step 3 makees bed:
It inserts garden and uses high bed, 8-15 centimetres of the altitude range of bed, the width of bed is 120 centimetres, and surrounding is built into brick;
Step 4 configures growth substrate:
Growth substrate used in full cuttage is filled in ready-made seedbed, growth substrate selects pure quartz sand, growth substrate Thickness range be 8-15 centimetres;
Step 5, disinfection:
With mass fraction be 2% ferrous sulfate aqueous solution spray growth substrate, the next day mass fraction be 0.8% permanganic acid Aqueous solutions of potassium sprays growth substrate surface, after the potassium permanganate solution sterilizes one day, then it is primary with clear water hydro-peening;
Step 6, cuttage:
The cuttings that will be handled well, is inserted in growth substrate;
Step 7, sprinkling irrigation:
The sprinkling irrigation of nursery uses micro- spray, while configuring a plant transpiration rates analyzer, to control the spraying time, realizes certainly Dynamicization manages, and before cuttage rooting, 90% or more, temperature control reduces humidity in 28-32 degree, after taking root and arrives seedbed humid control 70%, reduce spray timings.
2. the configuration method of big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting growth substrate and seedbed according to claim 1, which is characterized in that The model SY-1023 of the plant transpiration rates analyzer.
3. the configuration method of big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting growth substrate and seedbed according to claim 1, which is characterized in that In the step 6, seeding row spacing range is 4-6 centimetres, and cuttage depth is 6-7 centimetres.
4. the configuration method of big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting growth substrate and seedbed according to claim 1, which is characterized in that The growth substrate selects the quartz sand of 10-40 mesh.
5. the configuration method of big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting growth substrate and seedbed according to claim 1, which is characterized in that The original plugging soil garden second year can also cutting propagation, concrete operations are as follows: make bed brick be cleaned to it is spare at one, with new life Long matrix replaces old growth substrate, and plugging soil was through sunlight with drying 4 months, then in shoot cutting season according to Step 3: step Four, Step 5: Step 6: step 7 repeats cutting propagation.
6. the configuration method of big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting growth substrate and seedbed according to claim 1, which is characterized in that The choosing method of the pure quartz sand is as follows:
The quartz sand that quartz sand raw material mesocuticle contains impurity is scraped off 40-60 centimetres, lower part is selected not have the quartz sand of impurity Do growth substrate.
CN201910564856.4A 2019-06-27 2019-06-27 A kind of configuration method of big fruit sea-buckthorn shoot cutting growth substrate and seedbed Pending CN110214562A (en)

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Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101889512A (en) * 2010-07-09 2010-11-24 新疆农垦科学院 Cutting seedling culture method of seabuckthorn tender branches in severe cold area and special seedling culture substrate
CN105210788A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-01-06 新疆林业科学院 Arid biogeographic zone big fruit sea-buckthorn breeding long shoot cuttage fast seedling-cultivating method

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101889512A (en) * 2010-07-09 2010-11-24 新疆农垦科学院 Cutting seedling culture method of seabuckthorn tender branches in severe cold area and special seedling culture substrate
CN105210788A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-01-06 新疆林业科学院 Arid biogeographic zone big fruit sea-buckthorn breeding long shoot cuttage fast seedling-cultivating method

Non-Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
于泽源: "《沙棘高效栽培技术》", 29 February 2004, 黑龙江科学技术出版社 *
夏冬明: "《护林工 中级》", 31 August 2006, 中国劳动社会保障出版社 *
新疆维吾尔自治区质量技术监督局: "大果沙棘绿枝扦插育苗技术规程", 《新疆维吾尔自治区地方标准》 *
李敬岩等: "无刺大果沙棘嫩枝温室扦插快速育苗技术 ", 《北方果树》 *
王雪萍等: "东北高纬度地区大果沙棘全光雾露地嫩枝扦插育苗技术", 《林业实用技术》 *
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Application publication date: 20190910

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