CN101456777B - Soil fertility amendment and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Soil fertility amendment and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN101456777B
CN101456777B CN2008102429514A CN200810242951A CN101456777B CN 101456777 B CN101456777 B CN 101456777B CN 2008102429514 A CN2008102429514 A CN 2008102429514A CN 200810242951 A CN200810242951 A CN 200810242951A CN 101456777 B CN101456777 B CN 101456777B
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mineral
component
soil
accounts
mixture
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CN2008102429514A
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CN101456777A (en
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董元华
路森
孙永溪
王辉
路遥
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仲元(北京)绿色生物技术开发有限公司
中国科学院南京土壤研究所
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Abstract

The invention provides a multifunctional soil nutrient conditioner formula with low cost, practicality and effectiveness and a preparation method thereof aiming at the technical problems. The production technology is simple, the production cost is low, and no harmful gas and sewage are generated during production. The product can effectively provide dozens of nutritive elements required for plant growth, is applied by being combined with a common fertilizer and an organic fertilizer, and can obviously improve the utilization rate of the fertilizer, so as to reduce the fertilizer input; and simultaneously the product can obviously stimulate action of beneficial floras of the soil, inhibit action of causal organisms, and increase the disease suppression of the soil and the resistance of plants, and then can effectively control generation of physiological diseases and soil-borne diseases, so as to reduce the pesticide input. The fertilizer input and the pesticide input can be reduced by more than 15 to 30 percent, and the yield can be increased by more than 15 to 30 percent, and simultaneously the product quality is obviously improved and cost conservation and synergism are obvious. Moreover, the soil improvement effect is obvious, and the sustainable utilization capacity can be obviously enhanced.

Description

Soil fertility amendment and preparation method thereof

One, technical field

The invention belongs to agricultural technology field, particularly a kind of a kind of input that the required nutritive element of plant-growth can effectively be provided, reduce chemical fertilizer of natural mineral and natural animal-plant feedstock production, and effective multifunction soil nutrition recuperating agent prescription and preparation method thereof of control crop physiological disease and soil-borne disease of utilizing.

Two, background technology

Prior art: along with the development of intensive agriculture; A large amount of chemical fertilizer and the excessive irrational input of agricultural chemicals make soil quality decrease sharply, and soil ecosystem balance and stability are seriously damaged; Plant physiology venereal disease evil and soil-borne disease take place frequently; Crop is the underproduction even crushing total crop failure, especially outskirts of a town vegetable field and mass-producing cash crop planting base significantly, and Soil degradation and continuous cropping obstacle have become the critical problem of restriction agriculture prodn.How effectively improving utilization rate of fertilizer, reduce the non-equilibrium input of chemical fertilizer, recover the health of soil ecosystem, thereby reduce the generation of various diseases, is one of effective way that solves Soil degradation and continuous cropping obstacle.Therefore, the exploitation of functional soil fertility amendment becomes focus.Patent documentation CN101081983A discloses a kind of by peat, humate, biomass water-holding agent, sapropel, macroelement, moderate-element, micro-soil fertility amendment of forming and preparation method thereof, can reduce the use of chemical fertilizer, agricultural chemicals.Patent documentation CN1065223C discloses a kind of soil fertility amendment of forming with the peat composed of rotten mosses, weathered coal, barnyard manure, urea, phosphate fertilizer, wilkinite, saponite, zeolite, vermiculite, vitriol etc.Patent documentation CN101205156A discloses a kind of humic acid soil conditioner, is made up of humate, NPK, trace element, the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed etc.Patent documentation CN1312253C discloses a kind of soil conditioner and preparation technology thereof with preparations such as coconut powder, Oleum Cocois, Hydrocerol A, natural soda, Sodium sulfate anhydrous.min(99), trace element, zeolite, attapulgite, sepiolites.It is the soil conditioner of raw material with oyster shell whiting, oyster shell powder, chitosan powder, pineapple peels and chips meal, cassava skin powder, bagasse powder, seaweed powder, fishbone powder, fishes and shrimps powder that patent documentation CN101275078A discloses a kind of; Can improve the soil; Improve utilization rate of fertilizer, enhancing crop immunizing power.It is main with ostreae testa pulverata that patent documentation CN 1245476C discloses a kind of, is equipped with the soil conditioner that polyaspartic acid salts, chitosan or derivatives thereof, Radix Laminariae fermentation powder, fish meal, bagasse, cornstalk, shrimp shell meal, coconut shell powder etc. are formed.It is base-material with the chitosan that patent documentation CN1250676C discloses a kind of, is equipped with the multifunctional soil power synergist of lactic acid, Hydrocerol A, EM original solution, brown sugar, oligose, aminoacids complex, active boron zinc fertilizer, can improve the soil, and reduces the generation of disease and pest.It is the soil conditioner of preparation of raw material control crop in cruciferae club root with marigold plant powder, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, carbonate, potassium, magnesium, zinc, boron that patent documentation CN 101058729A discloses a kind of.Patent documentation CN 1194067C discloses a kind of nutrition, bacteriostasis type soil regulator, is made up of fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, trace element fertilizer and adjusting material etc., only is suitable for acid soil.It is the soil conditioner of preparation of raw material by natural zeolite, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, trace element that patent documentation CN 1398950A discloses a kind of, can reduce the consumption of chemical fertilizer and agricultural chemicals.Patent documentation CN 1629254A discloses a kind of soil conditioner to continuous cropping plantation genseng ground, by suppressor factor, actinomycetes bacterium powder, bone meal, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, slow-release carbamide, vitriolate of tartar, white lime, micro-formulated.Patent documentation CN 1322095C discloses a kind of soil conditioning agent for crop rhizosphere, is made up of dioxide peroxide, microbiotic, amino acid and vitriol.Patent documentation CN 1718673A discloses a kind of preparation method of soil conditioner, is mainly handled forming through the frequency conversion light wave by the fertilizer after the fermentation.Patent documentation CN 1163050A discloses a kind of sterilizing, has encouraged and regulate little fertilizer, is made up of trace element, sterilant, plant-growth regulator, polymeric soil amendment, catalyzer etc.But perhaps the unit surface usage quantity is bigger in actual use for above-mentioned patent, and it is not too convenient to use, and perhaps its effect only limits to specific region or specified conditions, or use cost is higher, applies thereby limited it.

Three, summary of the invention

Technical problem: at present, a large amount of chemical fertilizer and the excessive irrational input of agricultural chemicals in China's agriculture prodn not only make soil quality decrease sharply, and soil ecosystem health is seriously damaged, and the soil nutrient resource utilization is low, causes severe contamination to environment; Unbalance because of plant nutrition simultaneously; Plant growth is in non-state of health, and resistance is poor, and physiological disturbance and soil-borne disease take place frequently; Quality of agricultural product significantly descends; Crop is the underproduction even crushing total crop failure, especially outskirts of a town vegetable field and mass-producing cash crop planting base significantly, and Soil degradation and continuous cropping obstacle have become the critical problem of restriction agriculture prodn.How effectively improving utilization rate of fertilizer, reduce the non-equilibrium input of chemical fertilizer, recover the health of soil ecosystem and crop, thereby reduce the generation of various diseases, is one of effective way that addresses the above problem.Therefore, the present invention is directed to above-mentioned technical problem, provide a kind of with low cost, practical and effective multifunction soil nutrition recuperating agent prescription and preparation method thereof.The first, the various natural mineral optimum combinations that the required macroelement of plant, moderate-element, trace element, beneficial element are rich in selection are through methods such as calcining, pulverizing, mixing; Various nutritive elements in the activation mineral; Effectively provide tens kinds of required mineral nutrient elements of plant,, can reach plant nutrition isostatic purpose with common fertilizer, fertilizer compounding application; Thereby effectively improve fertilizer utilization ratio, and the state of health of enhancement of plant.Second; Be optimized proportioning through natural Chinese medicinal herb etc. with the plant amino acid powder, adding optimum combinations such as special animal material and chitin, chitosan not only further provides plant required various nutrition; But also effective stimulus plant health growth; Further improve the plant stress-resistance ability, and strengthen the quantity and activity of rhizosphere soil beneficial organism, the quantity that suppresses harmful organism in the soil is with movable; Recover the function of the degenerated soil ecosystem, thereby can effectively overcome Soil degradation and continuous cropping obstacle problem.The 3rd, the multifunction soil nutrition recuperating agent of the present invention's preparation, its raw material all comes from safe natural mineral, plant, animal material, does not contain harmful ingredients and the synthetic chemical substance; In addition; Itself and chemical fertilizer, fertilizer compounding application; Can significantly reduce the usage quantity of chemical fertilizer, fertilizer, and mainly reduce the generation of disease through nutrition regulation and ecological regulation and control mode, thereby reduce the usage quantity of agricultural chemicals; And then reduce the farmland pollution of area source, significantly increase crop yield and quality of agricultural product; Therefore, the soil fertility amendment of the present invention's preparation is economical and practical green amendment.

Technical scheme: technical solution of the present invention is: a kind of soil fertility amendment consists of by mass fraction: mineral material accounts for 50-80 part; Vegetable material accounts for 10-40 part; Animal material accounts for 6-10 part.

Above-mentioned mineral material is mixed by potassium-bearing mineral component, phosphorus ore containing component, calcic and magnesium mineral component, sulfur-bearing and iron mineral component, rare-earth mineral component and auxiliary material mineral constituent, presses mass fraction, and it consists of: potassium-bearing mineral ingredients constitute 40-70 part; Phosphorus ore containing component 15-30 part; Calcic and magnesium mineral ingredients constitute 5-10 part; Sulfur-bearing and iron mineral ingredients constitute 5-10 part; Rare-earth mineral component 2-5 part; Auxiliary material mineral constituent 3-5 part.

Above-mentioned potassium-bearing mineral component be in potassium felspar sand, nepheline, white garnet, glaukonine or the mica one or more arbitrarily than mixture; The phosphorus ore containing component is a phosphatic rock; Calcic and magnesium mineral component be in calcite, scud, ls or the serpentine one or more arbitrarily than mixture; Sulfur-bearing and iron mineral component are sulfurous iron ore; The rare-earth mineral component is a rare-earth mineral; Auxiliary material mineral constituent be in attapulgite clay, wilkinite, zeolite, vermiculite or the medical stone one or more arbitrarily than mixture.

Above-mentioned vegetable material is that natural Chinese medicinal herb and plant amino acid powder mix, and presses mass fraction, and it consists of: natural Chinese medicinal herb accounts for 30-60 part; The plant amino acid powder accounts for 40-70 part.Said natural Chinese medicinal herb be in Flower of Aztec Marigold, Euphorbia lathyris, cloves, kuh-seng, the tuber of stemona, rhizome of chuanxiong, five-leaved chaste tree, Turkey-galls, tobacco, castor-oil plant, Siberian cocklebur, water pepper, the root of langdu, garlic, tarragon, Pericarpium Musae or the Cortex walnut one or more arbitrarily than mixture.Said plant amino acid powder is the former powder of amino acid of raw material production with cottonseed meal, dregs of beans, the rape dregs of rice, peanut meal, the Semen Helianthi dregs of rice, the oil tea dregs of rice, the Chinese tallow tree dregs of rice or the castor-oil plant dregs of rice, its amino acid contained mass percent >=8%.。

Above-mentioned animal material be in ostreae testa pulverata, oyster shell whiting, chitin or the chitosan one or more arbitrarily than mixture.

A kind of method for preparing soil fertility amendment, preparation process is: mineral material is mixed, and through 900-1500 degree high-temperature calcination 5-20 hour, pulverized the 150-200 mesh sieve after the cooling; Vegetable material is pulverized through oven dry, crosses 100 mesh sieves; Animal material is pulverized through oven dry, crosses 100 mesh sieves; Material after above-mentioned the sieving is accounted for 50-80 part, plant component in mineral constituent account for the ratio that 10-40 part, animal ingredient accounts for 6-10 part and pour in the whisking appliance, fully puddle evenly; To puddle uniform material metering, packing, water cut is controlled at 8-10wt%, makes product.

Beneficial effect: the present invention is a raw material with natural mineral, natural phant and animal material and verivate thereof; Only through simple calcining, oven dry, pulverize, puddle and make; Production technique is simple, low production cost, and production process does not have obnoxious flavour and sewage produces.Its product can effectively provide tens of kinds of required nutritive elements of plant-growth; With common fertilizer and fertilizer compounding application, can significantly improve the utilization ratio of chemical fertilizer, thereby reduce the input of chemical fertilizer; But the activity of significant stimulation soil profitable strain simultaneously and suppress the activity of causal organism; Increase the resistance that presses down characteristic of disease and plant of soil, thereby can effectively control the generation of crop physiological disease and soil-borne disease, and then reduce the input of agricultural chemicals.This product can be widely used in various crop production, the overcoming of especially various continuous cropping obstacles.Can reduce chemical fertilizer and agricultural chemicals and drop into more than the 15-30%, more than the raising the output 15-30%, quality product significantly improves simultaneously, and cost-saving synergistic is remarkable.In addition, soil improvement is obvious, and the sustainable use ability can be significantly strengthened.

Four, description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a technical process schematic block diagram of the present invention;

Five, embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is further specified.

Embodiment 1:

Consist of by mass fraction: mineral material accounts for 50 parts; Vegetable material accounts for 10 parts; Animal material accounts for 6 parts of preparation soil fertility amendments.Wherein mineral material potassium-bearing mineral ingredients constitute is 40 parts; 15 parts of phosphorus ore thing components; 5 parts of calcic and magnesium mineral ingredients constitute; 5 parts of sulfur-bearing and iron mineral ingredients constitute; 2 parts of rare-earth mineral components; 3 parts of auxiliary material mineral constituents.Wherein the potassium-bearing mineral component be in potassium felspar sand, nepheline, white garnet, glaukonine or the mica one or more arbitrarily than mixture; The phosphorus ore containing component is a phosphatic rock; Calcic and magnesium mineral component be in calcite, scud, ls or the serpentine one or more arbitrarily than mixture; Sulfur-bearing and iron mineral component are sulfurous iron ore; The rare-earth mineral component is a rare-earth mineral; Auxiliary material mineral constituent be in attapulgite clay, wilkinite, zeolite, vermiculite or the medical stone one or more arbitrarily than mixture.Vegetable material is that natural Chinese medicinal herb and plant amino acid powder mix, and presses mass fraction, and it consists of: natural Chinese medicinal herb accounts for 30 parts; The plant amino acid powder accounts for 40 parts.Natural Chinese medicinal herb be in Flower of Aztec Marigold, Euphorbia lathyris, cloves, kuh-seng, the tuber of stemona, rhizome of chuanxiong, five-leaved chaste tree, Turkey-galls, tobacco, castor-oil plant, Siberian cocklebur, water pepper, the root of langdu, garlic, tarragon, Pericarpium Musae or the Cortex walnut one or more arbitrarily than mixture.Mass percent >=8% that the plant amino acid powder is amino acid contained.Animal material be in ostreae testa pulverata, oyster shell whiting, chitin or the chitosan one or more arbitrarily than mixture.Mineral material is mixed, and, pulverized 150 mesh sieves after the cooling through 900 degree high-temperature calcinations 5 hours; Vegetable material is pulverized through oven dry, crosses 100 mesh sieves; Animal material is pulverized through oven dry, crosses 100 mesh sieves; Material after above-mentioned the sieving is accounted for 50 parts, plant component in mineral constituent account for the ratio that 10 parts, animal ingredient account for 6 parts and pour in the whisking appliance, fully puddle evenly; To puddle uniform material metering, packing, water cut is controlled at 8-10wt%, makes product.

Embodiment 2

Consist of by mass fraction: mineral material accounts for 70 parts; Vegetable material accounts for 30 parts; Animal material accounts for 8 parts of preparation soil fertility amendments.Wherein mineral material potassium-bearing mineral ingredients constitute is 60 parts; 20 parts of phosphorus ore thing components; 8 parts of calcic and magnesium mineral ingredients constitute; 8 parts of sulfur-bearing and iron mineral ingredients constitute; 3 parts of rare-earth mineral components; 4 parts of auxiliary material mineral constituents.Wherein the potassium-bearing mineral component be in potassium felspar sand, nepheline, white garnet, glaukonine or the mica one or more arbitrarily than mixture; The phosphorus ore containing component is a phosphatic rock; Calcic and magnesium mineral component be in calcite, scud, ls or the serpentine one or more arbitrarily than mixture; Sulfur-bearing and iron mineral component are sulfurous iron ore; The rare-earth mineral component is a rare-earth mineral; Auxiliary material mineral constituent be in attapulgite clay, wilkinite, zeolite, vermiculite or the medical stone one or more arbitrarily than mixture.Vegetable material is that natural Chinese medicinal herb and plant amino acid powder mix, and presses mass fraction, and it consists of: natural Chinese medicinal herb accounts for 50 parts; The plant amino acid powder accounts for 60 parts.Natural Chinese medicinal herb be in Flower of Aztec Marigold, Euphorbia lathyris, cloves, kuh-seng, the tuber of stemona, rhizome of chuanxiong, five-leaved chaste tree, Turkey-galls, tobacco, castor-oil plant, Siberian cocklebur, water pepper, the root of langdu, garlic, tarragon, Pericarpium Musae or the Cortex walnut one or more arbitrarily than mixture.Mass percent >=25% that the plant amino acid powder is amino acid contained.Animal material be in ostreae testa pulverata, oyster shell whiting, chitin or the chitosan one or more arbitrarily than mixture.Mineral material is mixed, and, pulverized 180 mesh sieves after the cooling through 1000 degree high-temperature calcinations 15 hours; Vegetable material is pulverized through oven dry, crosses 100 mesh sieves; Animal material is pulverized through oven dry, crosses 100 mesh sieves; Material after above-mentioned the sieving is accounted for 70 parts, plant component in mineral constituent account for the ratio that 30 parts, animal ingredient account for 8 parts and pour in the whisking appliance, fully puddle evenly; To puddle uniform material metering, packing, water cut is controlled at 8-10wt%, makes product.

Embodiment 3

Consist of by mass fraction: mineral material accounts for 80 parts; Vegetable material accounts for 40 parts; Animal material accounts for 10 parts of preparation soil fertility amendments.Wherein mineral material potassium-bearing mineral ingredients constitute is 70 parts; 30 parts of phosphorus ore thing components; 10 parts of calcic and magnesium mineral ingredients constitute; 10 parts of sulfur-bearing and iron mineral ingredients constitute; 5 parts of rare-earth mineral components; 5 parts of auxiliary material mineral constituents.Wherein the potassium-bearing mineral component be in potassium felspar sand, nepheline, white garnet, glaukonine or the mica one or more arbitrarily than mixture; The phosphorus ore containing component is a phosphatic rock; Calcic and magnesium mineral component be in calcite, scud, ls or the serpentine one or more arbitrarily than mixture; Sulfur-bearing and iron mineral component are sulfurous iron ore; The rare-earth mineral component is a rare-earth mineral; Auxiliary material mineral constituent be in attapulgite clay, wilkinite, zeolite, vermiculite or the medical stone one or more arbitrarily than mixture.Vegetable material is that natural Chinese medicinal herb and plant amino acid powder mix, and presses mass fraction, and it consists of: natural Chinese medicinal herb accounts for 60 parts; The plant amino acid powder accounts for 70 parts.Natural Chinese medicinal herb be in Flower of Aztec Marigold, Euphorbia lathyris, cloves, kuh-seng, the tuber of stemona, rhizome of chuanxiong, five-leaved chaste tree, Turkey-galls, tobacco, castor-oil plant, Siberian cocklebur, water pepper, the root of langdu, garlic, tarragon, Pericarpium Musae or the Cortex walnut one or more arbitrarily than mixture.Mass percent >=50% that the plant amino acid powder is amino acid contained.Animal material be in ostreae testa pulverata, oyster shell whiting, chitin or the chitosan one or more arbitrarily than mixture.Mineral material is mixed, and, pulverized 200 mesh sieves after the cooling through 1500 degree high-temperature calcinations 20 hours; Vegetable material is pulverized through oven dry, crosses 100 mesh sieves; Animal material is pulverized through oven dry, crosses 100 mesh sieves; Material after above-mentioned the sieving is accounted for 80 parts, plant component in mineral constituent account for the ratio that 40 parts, animal ingredient account for 10 parts and pour in the whisking appliance, fully puddle evenly; To puddle uniform material metering, packing, water cut is controlled at 8-10wt%, makes product.

Embodiment 4

Component A: take by weighing 6 kilograms of potassium felspar sands, 1 kilogram on ls, 1 kilogram in sulfurous iron ore, 1.5 kilograms in phosphatic rock, 0.3 kilogram in wilkinite and medical stone mixture, 0.2 kilogram of rare earth, 1400 degree calcinings 8 hours were pulverized 200 mesh sieves and were got component A after the cooling.

B component: take by weighing 4 kilograms of Flower of Aztec Marigold, tobacco, castor-oil plant, water pepper, Pericarpium Musae mixture,, pulverize, cross 100 mesh sieves through oven dry; Vegetable material powder and 3 kilograms of plant amino acid powder (plant amino acid dry powder, aminoacids content >=8% are purchased the Milky Way biotechnology Ltd in the Tacheng city) of 2 kilograms of above-mentioned processing are puddled, are got B component.

Component C: take by weighing 1 kilogram of oyster shells,, pulverize, cross 100 mesh sieves through oven dry, mix with 1 kilogram of chitin (purchasing) in ZHEJIANG AOXING BIOTECHNOLOGY CO., LTD component C.

Take by weighing 7 kilograms of component A, 2 kilograms of B component, 1 kilogram of component C pours in the whisking appliance, fully puddles evenly through machinery, and water cut is controlled at 8-10wt%, makes product.

This product is used for Jurong, Jiangsu strawberry production test; 10 kilograms of every mu of consumptions; Make base manure with every mu of 2000 kilograms of barnyard manure and NPK (15-15-15) 20kg with executing, compare with the contrast without this product, strawberry verticillium incidence is from reducing to more than 60% below 10%; Output increases by 1200 kilograms/mu, about 5000 yuan of every mu of synergy.

Embodiment 5:

Component A: take by weighing 7 kilograms of potassium felspar sands, nepheline, leucite blend; 0.5 kilogram in scud, serpentine mixture, 0.5 kilogram in sulfurous iron ore, 1.5 kilograms in phosphatic rock; 0.3 kilogram of attapulgite clay and zeolite mixture; 0.2 kilogram of rare earth, 1000 degree calcinings 13 hours were pulverized 200 mesh sieves and were got component A after the cooling.

B component: take by weighing 4 kilograms of Euphorbia lathyris, kuh-seng, the tuber of stemona, rhizome of chuanxiong, Turkey-galls, tobacco, tarragon, Cortex walnut mixture,, pulverize, cross 100 mesh sieves through oven dry; Vegetable material powder and 2 kilograms of plant amino acid powder (plant amino acid dry powder, aminoacids content >=8% are purchased the Milky Way biotechnology Ltd in the Tacheng city) of 3 kilograms of above-mentioned processing are puddled, got B component.

Component C: take by weighing 1 kilogram of oyster shells,, pulverize, cross 100 mesh sieves through oven dry, with 0.5 kilogram of chitosan (using carboxyl chitosan is purchased in Jiangsu Rixin Industry Group Co. Ltd.) mix component C.

Take by weighing 5 kilograms of component A, 4 kilograms of B component, 1 kilogram of component C pours in the whisking appliance, fully puddles evenly through machinery, and water cut is controlled at 8-10wt%, makes product.

This product is used for the test of resuming production of Nanjing degeneration vegetable field; 8 kilograms of every mu of consumptions; Make base manure with every mu of 200 kilograms of organic commercial fertilizers and NPK (10-8-7) 40kg with executing, make that degeneration vegetable field yield-power is repaired fast, the cowpea growth is normal; Only use fertilizer and composite fertilizer and without the control treatment of this product, the cowpea sickness rate reaches more than 80%.

Embodiment 6:

Component A: take by weighing 4 kilograms on mica, glaukonine, nepheline mixture, 1 kilogram in calcite, 1 kilogram in sulfurous iron ore, 3 kilograms in phosphatic rock, 0.5 kilogram of wilkinite and zeolite mixture, 0.5 kilogram of rare earth, 900 degree calcinings 20 hours were pulverized 200 mesh sieves and were got component A after the cooling.

B component: take by weighing 4 kilograms of Flower of Aztec Marigold, castor-oil plant, tobacco, garlic, five-leaved chaste tree, Siberian cocklebur mixture,, pulverize, cross 100 mesh sieves through oven dry; Vegetable material powder and 2 kilograms of plant amino acid powder (plant concentrates the amino acid protein powder, and aminoacids content >=50% is purchased the chemical engineering research institute in Xinxiang, Henan) of 3 kilograms of above-mentioned processing are puddled, got B component.

Component C: take by weighing 1 kilogram in oyster shell whiting and ostreae testa pulverata mixture, cross 100 mesh sieves, mix with 1 kilogram of chitin (purchasing) in ZHEJIANG AOXING BIOTECHNOLOGY CO., LTD component C.

Take by weighing 8 kilograms of component A, 1 kilogram of B component, 1 kilogram of component C pours in the whisking appliance, fully puddles evenly through machinery, and water cut is controlled at 8-10wt%, makes product.

The peach garden that this product is used for Tongzhou, Beijing 30 age of trees produces the recovery test; Set 2 kilograms of consumptions for every; Make base manure with 100 kilograms of organic commercial fertilizers of every tree with executing,, make the degeneration peach of 30 age of trees be restored through conditioning in continuous 4 years; Its throughput can continue more than 10 years again, and the contrast peach garden can only be ruined the garden and replants.

Embodiment 7:

Component A: take by weighing 6 kilograms of potassium felspar sands, 0.5 kilogram in calcite, 1 kilogram in sulfurous iron ore, 2 kilograms in phosphatic rock, 0.3 kilogram in wilkinite and vermiculite mixture, 0.2 kilogram of rare earth, 1500 degree calcinings 5 hours were pulverized 150 mesh sieves and were got component A after the cooling.

B component: take by weighing 4 kilograms of Flower of Aztec Marigold, kuh-seng, the tuber of stemona, rhizome of chuanxiong, Turkey-galls, castor-oil plant, tobacco, the root of langdu, cloves mixture,, pulverize, cross 100 mesh sieves through oven dry; Vegetable material powder and 3.5 kilograms of plant amino acid powder (plant amino acid dry powder, aminoacids content >=8% are purchased the Milky Way biotechnology Ltd in the Tacheng city) of 1.5 kilograms of above-mentioned processing are puddled, got B component.

Component C: take by weighing 1 kilogram of oyster shell whiting, cross 100 mesh sieves, with 1 kilogram of chitosan (using carboxyl chitosan is purchased in Zhejiang Province gold shell Biochemie Co., Ltd) mix component C.

Take by weighing 6 kilograms of component A, 3 kilograms of B component, 1 kilogram of component C pours in the whisking appliance, fully puddles evenly through machinery, makes product.

This product is used for vegetables base, Shunyi, Beijing cucumber test; 10 kilograms of every mu of consumptions, with 50 kilograms every mu organic-inorganic composite fertilizers (10-8-7) with making base manure, total dose is about 60% of local habits fertilization; But output increases by 14%; And quality increases substantially, and soil quality is become better and better, and sustainability increases.

Embodiment 8

Table 1 soil fertility amendment effect

Claims (5)

1. soil fertility amendment is characterized in that consisting of by mass fraction:
A. mineral material accounts for 50-80 part; Said mineral material is mixed by potassium-bearing mineral component, phosphorus ore containing component, calcic and magnesium mineral component, sulfur-bearing and iron mineral component, rare-earth mineral component and auxiliary material mineral constituent, presses mass fraction, and it consists of: potassium-bearing mineral ingredients constitute 40-70 part; Phosphorus ore containing component 15-30 part; Calcic and magnesium mineral ingredients constitute 5-10 part; Sulfur-bearing and iron mineral ingredients constitute 5-10 part; Rare-earth mineral component 2-5 part; Auxiliary material mineral constituent 3-5 part;
B. vegetable material accounts for 10-40 part; Said vegetable material is that natural Chinese medicinal herb and plant amino acid powder mix, and presses mass fraction, and it consists of: natural Chinese medicinal herb accounts for 30-60 part; The plant amino acid powder accounts for 40-70 part;
C. animal material accounts for 6-10 part; Said animal material be in ostreae testa pulverata, oyster shell whiting, chitin or the chitosan one or more arbitrarily than mixture.
2. soil fertility amendment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that said potassium-bearing mineral component be in potassium felspar sand, nepheline, white garnet, glaukonine or the mica one or more arbitrarily than mixture; The phosphorus ore containing component is a phosphatic rock; Calcic and magnesium mineral component be in calcite, scud, ls or the serpentine one or more arbitrarily than mixture; Sulfur-bearing and iron mineral component are sulfurous iron ore; The rare-earth mineral component is a rare-earth mineral; Auxiliary material mineral constituent be in attapulgite clay, wilkinite, zeolite, vermiculite or the medical stone one or more arbitrarily than mixture.
3. soil fertility amendment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that said natural Chinese medicinal herb be in Flower of Aztec Marigold, Euphorbia lathyris, cloves, kuh-seng, the tuber of stemona, Ligusticum wallichii, five-leaved chaste tree, Turkey-galls, tobacco, castor-oil plant, Siberian cocklebur, water pepper, the root of langdu, garlic, tarragon, Pericarpium Musae or the Cortex walnut one or more arbitrarily than mixture.
4. soil fertility amendment according to claim 1 is characterized in that mass percent >=8% that said plant amino acid powder is amino acid contained.
5. method for preparing the arbitrary soil fertility amendment of claim 1~4 is characterized in that preparation process is:
A. after mineral material being mixed,, pulverized the 150-200 mesh sieve after the cooling through 900-1500 degree high-temperature calcination 5-20 hour;
B. vegetable material is pulverized through oven dry, crosses 100 mesh sieves;
C. animal material is pulverized through oven dry, crosses 100 mesh sieves;
D. the material after above-mentioned the sieving is accounted for 50-80 part, plant component in mineral constituent and account for the ratio that 10-40 part, animal ingredient accounts for 6-10 part and pour in the whisking appliance, fully puddle evenly;
E. will puddle uniform material metering, packing, water cut is controlled at 8-10wt%, makes product.
CN2008102429514A 2008-12-30 2008-12-30 Soil fertility amendment and preparation method thereof CN101456777B (en)

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