CN102951962B - Organic-inorganic composite biological fertilizer pesticide special for soybean and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Organic-inorganic composite biological fertilizer pesticide special for soybean and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN102951962B
CN102951962B CN201210409379.2A CN201210409379A CN102951962B CN 102951962 B CN102951962 B CN 102951962B CN 201210409379 A CN201210409379 A CN 201210409379A CN 102951962 B CN102951962 B CN 102951962B
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parts
fertilizer
organic
soybean
add
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CN201210409379.2A
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CN102951962A (en
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汪瑞芬
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东至县海瑞达肥业有限责任公司
汪瑞芬
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Abstract

The invention provides an organic-inorganic composite biological fertilizer pesticide special for soybean. The organic-inorganic composite biological fertilizer pesticide is prepared from the following materials in parts by weigh: 40-50 parts of household garbage, 30-40 parts of mushroom slag, 20-25 parts of vinasse, 15-20 parts of humic acid, 10-13 parts of monocalcium phosphate, 12-14 parts of urea, 10-12 parts of potassium nitrate, 10-12 parts of quail feather, 20-24 parts of modified sepiolite, 3-4 parts of quispualis indica, 3-4 parts of stone-like omphalia, 4-6 parts of broom cypress fruit, 4-6 parts of rhizome nardostachyos, 4-6 parts of radix euphorbiae lantu, 0.1-0.2 part of boric acid, 0.05-0.1 part of sodium molybdate, 1-1.5 parts of zinc sulfate, 0.7-1.0 part of manganese sulfate, 5-7 parts of magnesium sulfate, 1-2 parts of nitrogen-fixing bacteria preparation and 3-5 parts of wintergreen oil. According to the invention, multiple organic wastes are mixed and then fermented so as to be changed into green organic fertilizer, environmental pollution is reduced, fermenting organic matter are mixed with inorganic fertilizer, and Chinese herbal medicine juice with insecticide function is added, therefore, the nutrition is more complete, and the sterilizing effect is increased. By applying the fertilizer, the quality of the soybean can be effectively improved, the soybean has green leaves and more flowers, the flowering period is prolonged, and the yield is improved.

Description

A kind of Organic-inorganic composite biological fertilizer pesticide special for soybean and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to medicine fertilizer, be specifically related to a kind of Organic-inorganic composite biological fertilizer pesticide special for soybean and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Agriculture production needs soil to provide nutritive substance and the living environment of plant growth.For many years, using of chemical fertilizer serves keying action to getting agricultural profit.But due to long-term application chemical fertilizer, fertilizer is under-supply, all kinds of nutrients ratio imbalance, causes farmland ecological environment, soil physical and chemical property and soil to be the destruction that biota receives in various degree, have impact on the quality of agricultural-food to a certain extent.Therefore, chemical fertilizer pollution has become the large public hazards in the world today one, the current soil resource present situation of China in the urgent need to by people for measure supplements the soil organism, guarantee agricultural planting level and crop products quality.Clearly advocate in ten large countermeasures of China's ecological environmental protection and will promote " ecological agriculture "; preserve the ecological environment and agricultural land soil; promote the production of pollution-free healthy food; ensure sufficient amount organic matter and return soil; to promote biological cycle in the ecosystem, reach and keep and strengthen soil fertility and biological activity object.
Biological organic fertilizer can play controlling disease, insect pest and nontoxic to people and animals, is the indispensable production means of high-quality Agricultural product without pollution.Along with the fast development of China's modern agriculture, particularly green organic agricultural cultivated area constantly expands, specified microorganisms bacterium is dissolved into biological organic fertilizer, produce possess biological pesticide simultaneously, the bioorganic pesticide fertilizer of bio-feritlizer characteristic become current chemical fertilizers production enterprise development emphasis.
The good ring of domestic rubbish disposal has been one of key of environment protection.Present For Social Development State is along with people's living standard progressively improves, and the domestic refuse produced gets more and more, and citizen require domestic garbage was harmlessly treated, is the great social sustainable development problem of pendulum in face of people.Therefore, consumer waste innocent, recycling treatment are current first-selected topics.
China is agriculture production big country, along with the utilization of fertilizer is very high, also constantly promotes the requirement of fertilizer, at present, a large amount of use mineral manure, the serious like this objectionable impurities that result in farm crop increases, poor quality, hypotrophy, next is that soil easily hardens, drought resisting weak effect, and water retention property is also along with variation, have a strong impact on the normal growth of farm crop like this, deficiency in economic performance.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of Organic-inorganic composite biological fertilizer pesticide special for soybean and preparation method thereof.It has preserves the ecological environment and agricultural land soil, the nitrogen simultaneously contained, phosphorus, potassium proportioning science, crop easily absorbs, yield increase effect obviously, collection fertilising and sterilization dual-use function, and the advantage such as environment friendly and pollution-free.Use the balanced nutrition absorption of this fertilizer energy, effectively improve soybean quality, improve output.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of Organic-inorganic composite biological fertilizer pesticide special for soybean, is characterized in that the weight part of its constitutive material is: domestic refuse 40-50, mushroom residue 30-40, vinasse 20-25, humic acids 15-20, monocalcium phosphate 10-13, urea 12-14, saltpetre 10-12, quail feather 10-12, modified meerschaum 20-24, Rangooncreeper Fruit 3-4, stone-like omphalia 3-4, Fruit of Belveder 4-6, rhizoma nardostachyos 4-6, root of langdu 4-6, boric acid 0.1-0.2, Sodium orthomolybdate 0.05-0.1, zinc sulfate 1-1.5, manganous sulfate 0.7-1.0, magnesium sulfate 5-7, vinelandii preparation 1-2, wintergreen oil are appropriate.
Described a kind of Organic-inorganic composite biological fertilizer pesticide special for soybean, is characterized in that the weight part of its constitutive material is: domestic refuse 45, mushroom residue 35, vinasse 22, humic acids 18, monocalcium phosphate 12, urea 13, saltpetre 11, quail feather 11, modified meerschaum 22, Rangooncreeper Fruit 3.5, stone-like omphalia 3.5, the Fruit of Belveder 5, rhizoma nardostachyos 5, the root of langdu 5, boric acid 0.15, Sodium orthomolybdate 0.06, zinc sulfate 1.2, manganous sulfate 0.8, magnesium sulfate 6, vinelandii preparation 1.5, wintergreen oil are appropriate.
The preparation method of described Organic-inorganic composite biological fertilizer pesticide special for soybean, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) Rangooncreeper Fruit, stone-like omphalia, the Fruit of Belveder, rhizoma nardostachyos, the root of langdu are soaked respectively, decoct and get liquid and concentrate, obtained herbal medicine concentrated solution, the dregs of a decoction are as fermentation raw material
(2) by formula rate, by domestic refuse, mushroom residue, vinasse, humic acids, add in stirrer, fully mix;
(3) in the mixture of step (2), add the vinelandii preparation 1.5 of formula ratio, mix, regulate the water content 45-60% of compound, pH value 5-6;
(4) compound in step (3) is fermented, fermentation 8-10 days, temperature reaches after 50-60 DEG C, stirs fermentation materials once every 2-3 days, and continue fermentation 10-15 days, temperature controls, at 60-70 DEG C, to obtain fermented product;
(5) quail feather is added in the sulfuric acid of 25-30% and be hydrolyzed 8-10 hour, generate amino acid, then limestone vegetation is added, add the 3-4% carboxymethyl cellulose of hydrolyzed solution weight again, again the ammonium molybdate of formula rate, copper sulfate, manganous sulfate, ferrous sulfate are dissolved in hydrolyzed solution, generate micro-, the middle fertilizer solution of chelating amino acids;
(6) by sepiolite 10-15% salt acid soak 3-4 hour, then neutralize, again by deionized water wash extremely neutrality with 10-12% sodium hydroxide solution, add the sodium laurylsulfate of sepiolite weight 2-3%, the acetic acid of 1-2%, the tributyl citrate of 2-3%, 3-5% borax again, high speed 1100-1300 rev/min of stirring, dry, add vegetables oil grind into powder, grind to form ultrafine powder;
(7) urea, calcium superphosphate, nitrocalcite, potassium sulfate are pulverized and step (4) fermented product mixing fully after, fully mix with micro-, the middle fertilizer solution of chelating amino acids of the fertilizer carrier of step (6), the herb liquid of step (1) gained and step (5) again, last granulation, outer sprinkling wintergreen oil, dry.
beneficial effect of the present invention:
The present invention is by multiple organic exhaust gas thing mixing secondary fermentation, become green organic manure, reduce environmental pollution, the organism of fermentation is mixed with mineral manure, add the herbal medicine concoction with insecticidal function, nutrition more comprehensively, add sterilization effect, simultaneously, the present invention adopts acid hydrolysis goose feather etc. to generate amino acid, then chelating is carried out to middle and trace element, cm-chitosan adds its chelate structure, is conducive to middle and trace element and effectively utilizes, and decreases the invalid release of middle and trace element; The compositions such as flyash, after scaling loss, add vegetables oil grinding, add adsorption structure, simultaneously anti-caking, increase its dispersiveness; Add inorganic sustained release component in formula as flyash etc. and soil improvement composition, the effective release, the crop that are conducive to fertilizer efficiency fully absorb; Insecticidal constituent can effectively reduce soil disease and pest.Fertilizer of the present invention can significantly improve fertilizer efficiency utilization ratio.Can single-dose application, slowly effectively release, can reduce fertilising frequency, reduces fertilizer cost, increases economic efficiency.
Embodiment
A kind of Organic-inorganic composite biological fertilizer pesticide special for soybean of embodiment, the weight part of its constitutive material is: domestic refuse 45, mushroom residue 35, vinasse 22, humic acids 18, monocalcium phosphate 12, urea 13, saltpetre 11, quail feather 11, modified meerschaum 22, Rangooncreeper Fruit 3.5, stone-like omphalia 3.5, the Fruit of Belveder 5, rhizoma nardostachyos 5, the root of langdu 5, boric acid 0.15, Sodium orthomolybdate 0.06, zinc sulfate 1.2, manganous sulfate 0.8, magnesium sulfate 6, vinelandii preparation 1.5, wintergreen oil are appropriate.
The preparation method of Organic-inorganic composite biological fertilizer pesticide special for soybean, comprises the following steps:
(1) Rangooncreeper Fruit, stone-like omphalia, the Fruit of Belveder, rhizoma nardostachyos, the root of langdu are soaked respectively, decoct and get liquid and concentrate, obtained herbal medicine concentrated solution, the dregs of a decoction are as fermentation raw material
(2) by formula rate, by domestic refuse, mushroom residue, vinasse, humic acids, add in stirrer, fully mix;
(3) in the mixture of step (2), add the vinelandii preparation 1.5 of formula ratio, mix, regulate the water content 45-60% of compound, pH value 5-6;
(4) compound in step (3) is fermented, fermentation 8-10 days, temperature reaches after 50-60 DEG C, stirs fermentation materials once every 2-3 days, and continue fermentation 10-15 days, temperature controls, at 60-70 DEG C, to obtain fermented product;
(5) quail feather is added in the sulfuric acid of 25-30% and be hydrolyzed 8-10 hour, generate amino acid, then limestone vegetation is added, add the 3-4% carboxymethyl cellulose of hydrolyzed solution weight again, again the ammonium molybdate of formula rate, copper sulfate, manganous sulfate, ferrous sulfate are dissolved in hydrolyzed solution, generate micro-, the middle fertilizer solution of chelating amino acids;
(6) by sepiolite 10-15% salt acid soak 3-4 hour, then neutralize, again by deionized water wash extremely neutrality with 10-12% sodium hydroxide solution, add the sodium laurylsulfate of sepiolite weight 2-3%, the acetic acid of 1-2%, the tributyl citrate of 2-3%, 3-5% borax again, high speed 1100-1300 rev/min of stirring, oven dry adds vegetables oil grind into powder, grinds to form ultrafine powder;
(7) urea, calcium superphosphate, nitrocalcite, potassium sulfate are pulverized and step (4) fermented product mixing fully after, fully mix with micro-, the middle fertilizer solution of chelating amino acids of the fertilizer carrier of step (6), the herb liquid of step (1) gained and step (5) again, last granulation, outer sprinkling wintergreen oil, dry.
field test contrast is as follows:
Organic-inorganic composite biological fertilizer pesticide special for soybean of the present invention is used soybean under the condition identical as base manure with conventional dedicated fertilizer for soybean, and comparing result sees the following form 1.
table 1:

Claims (1)

1. a preparation method for Organic-inorganic composite biological fertilizer pesticide special for soybean, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) Rangooncreeper Fruit, stone-like omphalia, the Fruit of Belveder, rhizoma nardostachyos, the root of langdu are soaked respectively, decoct and get liquid and concentrate, obtained herbal medicine concentrated solution, the dregs of a decoction are as fermentation raw material;
(2) by formula rate, by domestic refuse, mushroom residue, vinasse, humic acids, add in stirrer, fully mix;
(3) in the mixture of step (2), add the vinelandii preparation 1.5 of formula ratio, mix, regulate the water content 45-60% of compound, pH value 5-6;
(4) compound in step (3) is fermented, fermentation 8-10 days, temperature reaches after 50-60 DEG C, stirs fermentation materials once every 2-3 days, and continue fermentation 10-15 days, temperature controls, at 60-70 DEG C, to obtain fermented product;
(5) quail feather is added in the sulfuric acid of 25-30% and be hydrolyzed 8-10 hour, generate amino acid, then limestone vegetation is added, add the 3-4% carboxymethyl cellulose of hydrolyzed solution weight again, again the ammonium molybdate of formula rate, copper sulfate, manganous sulfate, ferrous sulfate are dissolved in hydrolyzed solution, generate micro-, the middle fertilizer solution of chelating amino acids;
(6) by sepiolite 10-15% salt acid soak 3-4 hour, then neutralize, again by deionized water wash extremely neutrality with 10-12% sodium hydroxide solution, add the sodium laurylsulfate of sepiolite weight 2-3%, the acetic acid of 1-2%, the tributyl citrate of 2-3%, 3-5% borax again, high speed 1100-1300 rev/min of stirring, oven dry adds vegetables oil grind into powder, grinds to form ultrafine powder;
(7) urea, calcium superphosphate, nitrocalcite, potassium sulfate are pulverized, after the fermented product mixing fully of step (4), fully mix with micro-, the middle fertilizer solution of chelating amino acids of the fertilizer carrier of step (6), the herb liquid of step (1) gained and step (5) again, last granulation, outer sprinkling wintergreen oil, dry.
CN201210409379.2A 2012-10-24 2012-10-24 Organic-inorganic composite biological fertilizer pesticide special for soybean and preparation method thereof CN102951962B (en)

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