WO2015089909A1 - 自动整体装卸运输车及装卸货物的方法 - Google Patents

自动整体装卸运输车及装卸货物的方法 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2015089909A1
WO2015089909A1 PCT/CN2014/001133 CN2014001133W WO2015089909A1 WO 2015089909 A1 WO2015089909 A1 WO 2015089909A1 CN 2014001133 W CN2014001133 W CN 2014001133W WO 2015089909 A1 WO2015089909 A1 WO 2015089909A1
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door
chassis
loading
unloading
cylinder
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PCT/CN2014/001133
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English (en)
French (fr)
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商庆申
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商庆申
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Publication of WO2015089909A1 publication Critical patent/WO2015089909A1/zh

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P1/00Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading
    • B60P1/64Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading the load supporting or containing element being readily removable
    • B60P1/6418Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading the load supporting or containing element being readily removable the load-transporting element being a container or similar
    • B60P1/6445Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading the load supporting or containing element being readily removable the load-transporting element being a container or similar the load-transporting element being shifted only vertically

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the technical field of engineering vehicles, in particular to an automatic whole loading and unloading transport vehicle and a method for loading and unloading goods.
  • profiles such as building bricks and cement dicing, are mainly loaded and unloaded by manual loading and unloading, which has the problems of high labor intensity and low efficiency.
  • the object of the present invention is to provide a method for automatically loading and unloading a transport vehicle and loading and unloading the cargo, so as to solve the problems of high labor intensity and low efficiency of manual loading and unloading existing in the prior art.
  • the invention provides an automatic integral loading and unloading transport vehicle, which mainly comprises a vehicle body, a chassis and a driving wheel.
  • vehicle body comprises a front door, a rear door, a left door, a right door and a bottom frame.
  • the driving wheel is located at a lower part of the chassis, and the driving wheel is installed in the middle.
  • the body lifting mechanism includes a telescopic slot, two telescopic frames arranged in the telescopic slot, and a lifting and lowering connected to the lower part of the telescopic frame.
  • the cylinder, the telescopic slot of the body lifting mechanism is fixedly connected with a bucket translation flipping cylinder, and the other end of the translational inversion cylinder is connected to the vehicle body, and a column is arranged on each of the four corners of the chassis, and a trough is connected at the bottom of the column.
  • a plurality of bucket moving troughs are arranged between the bucket and the chassis, and the bucket moves
  • the trough frame is composed of a channel steel, a card member placed on the track groove between the channel steels, and a pin fixed on the front and rear ends of the channel steel. The upper part of the card member is fixed on the chassis of the vehicle body, and the rear portion of the chassis is at the middle position.
  • a door extraction cylinder Install a door extraction cylinder, a telescopic groove of the body lifting mechanism connected to the rear side of the chassis is connected with a body displacement cylinder, a hydraulic station is arranged on the chassis, and the hydraulic station is connected to the console through a connecting rod, and the left and right sides of the front door of the body
  • a loading cylinder is respectively arranged, and a loading cylinder is respectively arranged on the left and right sides of the rear door of the bucket, and the loading cylinder is fixed on the bottom frame of the bucket.
  • a safety cylinder is respectively disposed in the middle of the front door and the top of the rear door.
  • a pull ring is arranged at the bottom of the left door and the bottom of the right door, and a reinforcing groove beam is installed at the top of the left door and the top of the right door.
  • the left door and the right door are inserted inside the slot of the body, and the left door and the right door pass through the body.
  • the bottom mounted detachable door lock is secured.
  • the front door and the rear door are connected to the vehicle body, and the front door and the rear door are provided with an opening handle.
  • the card in the bucket moving trough is in the shape of an I-shape.
  • the bucket moving trough comprises two bucket moving troughs disposed on two sides of the chassis and a plurality of bucket moving troughs disposed in the middle of the chassis, and the two sides of the two sides of the chassis are respectively disposed on the two sides of the chassis A sheave is arranged, and a support sheave is arranged between the bucket moving bracket and the chassis in the middle of the chassis.
  • the invention also provides a method for loading and unloading goods by an automatic integral loading and unloading transport vehicle, comprising the following steps:
  • the automatic integral loading and unloading transport vehicle When loading, the automatic integral loading and unloading transport vehicle is moved to the cargo position through the driving device connected to the drive shaft of the driving wheel, the reinforcing groove beam on the door near the cargo is removed, and the telescopic frame of the body lifting mechanism is pulled out.
  • Control the lift cylinder of the body lift mechanism through the console put the four lift cylinders on the ground, then control the bucket to translate the flip cylinder, translate the bucket toward the cargo and flip it 90 degrees, the distance between the chassis and the ground should be
  • the length of the chassis is the same as that of the chassis; then the lifting groove beam is removed and connected to the two loading cylinders in the direction of the cargo, and the loading cylinder is controlled through the console to close the cargo into the body; then the control is translated. Turn the cylinder and turn the bucket to reverse the translation; then install the removed reinforcing groove beam and close the lifting cylinder to complete the loading process;
  • the automatic integral loading and unloading transport vehicle When unloading, the automatic integral loading and unloading transport vehicle is moved to the unloading position by a driving device connected to the drive shaft of the driving wheel, and the reinforcing groove beam on the door near the unloading place is removed, and the telescopic frame of the body lifting mechanism is pulled out.
  • the door lock is opened, and the wire rope is connected to the pull ring at the bottom of the door; then the roller on the lower part of the opposite column of the door is bypassed, and after the support sheave is bypassed, the wire rope is connected with the door pull-out cylinder, and the door is controlled through the console.
  • a moving bucket frame is arranged between the bucket and the chassis, and a lifting mechanism of the bucket is arranged on both sides of the chassis, and the turning cylinder is moved by the bucket to realize the translation and reversal of the bucket to the left and right sides, and at the same time, the door is pulled out of the cylinder and the moving body of the vehicle body is moved.
  • the loading and unloading cylinder realizes the automatic loading and unloading of the cargo, greatly reduces the labor intensity of the loading and unloading of the profile cargo, improves the loading and unloading efficiency of the cargo, and has the advantages of reasonable design, convenient use and high degree of automation.
  • Figure 1 is a schematic view showing the structure of the apparatus of the present invention
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a chassis in the apparatus of the present invention.
  • Figure 3 is a schematic structural view of a body lifting mechanism in the device of the present invention.
  • Figure 4 is an enlarged schematic view of the area A in Figure 1;
  • Figure 5 is an enlarged schematic view of a region B of Figure 1;
  • Figure 6 is a schematic view showing the structure of a card member in the apparatus of the present invention.
  • an automatic integral loading and unloading transport vehicle is mainly composed of a bucket 1 , a chassis 2 and a driving wheel 3 , and the body 1 includes a front door 13 .
  • the rear door 12, the left door, the right door and the bottom frame, the driving wheel 3 is located at the lower part of the chassis 2, and the driving shaft 31 is connected with a transmission shaft 31 connectable to the external driving system, and the front door 13 and the rear door 12 are respectively disposed at the top of the top
  • a safety cylinder 11 is provided with a pull ring 14 at the bottom of the left door and at the bottom of the right door, and a reinforcing channel beam 15 is installed at the top of the left door and the top of the right door.
  • the left and right doors are inserted inside the slot 16 of the body, the left door and The right door is fixed by a detachable door lock 17 mounted at the bottom of the body, the front door 13 and the rear door 12 are movably connected to the body 1, and the front door 13 and the rear door 12 are provided with an opening handle 18.
  • a body lifting mechanism 4 is respectively connected to the front and rear sides of the chassis 2.
  • the body lifting mechanism 4 includes a telescopic groove 41, two telescopic frames 42 disposed in the telescopic groove 41, and a lifting cylinder 43 connected to the lower portion of the telescopic frame 42.
  • a bucket translation flip cylinder 7 is fixedly connected to the telescopic slot 41 of the bucket lifting mechanism 4.
  • the other end of the bucket translation flip cylinder 7 is connected to the vehicle body 1.
  • a column 5 is arranged at each of the four corners of the chassis 2, and the bottom of the column 5 is provided.
  • a trough 51 is connected, and a plurality of bucket moving racks 6 are disposed between the body 1 and the chassis 2, including two bucket moving racks disposed on both sides of the chassis 2 and a plurality of bucket moving slots disposed in the middle of the chassis 2.
  • the frame moving frame 6 is composed of a channel 65, an I-shaped clip 61 placed on the track groove 66 between the channels 65, and a pin 62 fixed on the front and rear ends of the channel 65, the I-shaped card
  • the upper portion of the member 61 is fixed on the chassis of the body 1, and the I-shaped card member 61 is movable in the track groove 66.
  • a slot is arranged on the inner side of the two sides of the moving bucket frame on both sides of the chassis 2 63, 64 provided between a supporting sheave 2 is provided in the middle of the chassis 2 moves the bucket channel frame and chassis.
  • a rear door extraction cylinder 8 is installed at the rear of the chassis 2, and a telescopic groove 41 of the body lifting mechanism 4 connected to the rear side of the chassis 2 is connected to a vehicle body displacement cylinder 9, and a hydraulic station 19 is disposed on the chassis 2, and the hydraulic station 19 passes through
  • the connecting rod is connected to the console 10, and a loading cylinder 20 is respectively disposed on the left and right sides of the front door 13 of the body 1.
  • a loading cylinder 20 is disposed on the left and right sides of the rear door 12 of the body 1, and the loading cylinder 20 is fixed in the vehicle.
  • the working principle of the device of the invention is:
  • the device of the present invention is moved to the cargo by a driving device connected to the drive shaft 31 of the drive wheel 3, and the reinforcing groove beam 15 on the door of the cargo is removed, and the telescopic frame 42 of the body lifting mechanism 4 is pulled.
  • the lift cylinder 43 of the bucket lift mechanism 4 is controlled by the console 10, the four lift cylinders 43 are placed on the ground, and then the bucket translation flip cylinder 7 is controlled to translate the bucket 1 toward the cargo and flip ninety degrees.
  • the distance between the chassis 2 and the ground should be the same as the length of the chassis 1 translated out of the chassis 2, and then the removal will be added
  • the strong groove beam 15 is connected to two loading cylinders 20 near the direction of the cargo, and the loading cylinder 20 is controlled by the console 10 to gather the cargo into the body 1, and then the control pan shifting the cylinder 7 to reverse the translation of the body 1 Then, the removed reinforcing groove beam 15 is installed, and the lifting cylinder 43 is stowed, and the loading process is completed.
  • the device of the present invention is moved to the unloading position by a driving device connected to the drive shaft 31 of the drive wheel 3, and the reinforcing groove beam 15 on the door near the unloading place is removed, and the telescopic frame 42 of the body lifting mechanism 4 is pulled.
  • the lift cylinder 43 of the bucket lifting mechanism 4 is controlled by the console 10, the four lift cylinders 43 are placed on the ground, and then the bucket translation flip cylinder 7 is controlled to translate the bucket 1 toward the unloading position and flip ninety degrees.
  • the distance between the chassis 2 and the ground should be the same as the length of the chassis 1 translated out of the chassis 2, and then the detachable door lock 17 on the door near the unloading place is opened, and the wire rope is connected to the pull ring 14 at the bottom of the door, and then wound.
  • the wire rope After passing through the support sheave 64 through the sheave 51 at the lower portion of the column 5 opposite to the door, the wire rope is connected to the door extraction cylinder 8, and the door pull-out cylinder 8 is controlled by the console 10 to pull the door out, thereby removing the cargo.
  • the front door 13 or the rear door 12 is opened by opening the handle 18 to prevent the door from colliding with the cargo when the vehicle body moves, and then the vehicle body shifting cylinder 9 is placed on the ground and inclined by 15 degrees, so that the entire body is unloaded.
  • the lifting cylinder 43 Moving in the opposite direction to avoid collision of the cargo when the vehicle body moves, and then controlling the lifting cylinder 43 to be retracted, so that the driving wheel 3 contacts the ground, moving the vehicle body through the driving device, and then controlling the vehicle pan to reverse the turning cylinder 7 to reverse the translation of the vehicle body
  • the removed reinforcing groove beam 15 and the opened door are installed, and the unloading process is completed.

Abstract

本发明提供一种自动整体装卸运输车及装卸货物的方法,主要由车斗、底盘和驱动轮组成,底盘前后两侧分别连接一个车斗提升机构,车斗提升机构包括一个伸缩槽、设置在伸缩槽内的两个伸缩架以及连接在伸缩架下部的升降油缸,车斗提升机构的伸缩槽上固定连接一个车斗平移翻转油缸,底盘的四个角上分别设置一个立柱,立柱底部连接一个槽轮,车斗与底盘之间设置若干车斗移动槽架,底盘后部中间位置安装一个车门抽出油缸,底盘后侧连接的车斗提升机构的伸缩槽中间连接一个车体移位油缸。本发明实现了货物的自动装卸,大大降低了型材货物装卸的劳动强度,提高了货物的装卸效率,具有设计合理、使用方便和自动化程度高的优点。

Description

自动整体装卸运输车及装卸货物的方法
本申请要求以下中国专利申请的优先权:
于2013年12月18日提交中国专利局,申请号为201310732895.3,发明名称为“自动整体装卸车”的中国专利申请,其全部内容通过引用结合在本申请中。
技术领域
本发明涉及工程车辆技术领域,具体涉及一种自动整体装卸运输车及装卸货物的方法。
背景技术
目前,型材,例如建筑用砖和水泥切块等,其装卸运输基本采用人工装卸,存在劳动强度大和效率低的问题。
虽然出现了抱(夹)砖机等自动装卸装置,但在运输过程中,砖垛容易散乱,进而导致砖相互之间碰撞而破损,而且,传统式自动装卸装置只能适用于散料的卸料,无法适用于型材货物,因为采用倾倒式自卸会造成更严重的破损。因此,目前对于型材货物,仍然普遍使用人工装卸,依然存在劳动强度大,效率低的问题。
发明内容
本发明的目的是提供一种自动整体装卸运输车及装卸货物的方法,以解决现有技术存在的人工装卸劳动强度大和效率低的问题。
本发明采用的技术方案如下:
本发明提供一种自动整体装卸运输车,主要由车斗、底盘和驱动轮组成,车斗包括前车门、后车门、左车门、右车门和底架,驱动轮位于底盘下部,驱动轮中间安装有可与外部驱动系统相连的传动轴,底盘前后两侧分别连接一个车斗提升机构,车斗提升机构包括一个伸缩槽、设置在伸缩槽内的两个伸缩架以及连接在伸缩架下部的升降油缸,车斗提升机构的伸缩槽上固定连接一个车斗平移翻转油缸,车斗平移翻转油缸另一端连接在车斗上,底盘的四个角上分别设置一个立柱,立柱底部连接一个槽轮,车斗与底盘之间设置若干车斗移动槽架,车斗移动 槽架由槽钢、放置在槽钢之间的轨道槽上的卡件以及固定在槽钢前后两端上的销子组成,卡件上部固定在车斗的底架上,底盘后部中间位置安装一个车门抽出油缸,底盘后侧连接的车斗提升机构的伸缩槽中间连接一个车体移位油缸,底盘上设置液压站,液压站通过连接杆连接控制台,车斗的前车门左右两侧分别设置一个装货油缸,车斗的后车门左右两侧分别设置一个装货油缸,装货油缸固定在车斗的底架上。
优选的,前车门和后车门顶部中间分别设置一个安全油缸。
优选的,左车门底部和右车门底部设置拉环,左车门顶部和右车门顶部安装一个加强槽梁,左车门和右车门插接在车斗的插槽内部,左车门和右车门通过车斗底部安装的拆卸式门锁进行固定。
优选的,前车门和后车门与车斗为活动连接,前车门和后车门上设置开启把手。
优选的,车斗移动槽架中的卡件为工字形。
优选的,车斗移动槽架包括两个设置在底盘两侧的车斗移动槽架和若干设置在底盘中间的车斗移动槽架,设置在底盘两侧的车斗移动槽架两端内侧分别设置一个槽轮,设置在底盘中间的车斗移动槽架与底盘之间设置一个支承槽轮。
本发明还提供一种自动整体装卸运输车进行装卸货物的方法,包括以下步骤:
装货时,通过与驱动轮的传动轴相连的驱动装置,将自动整体装卸运输车移动到货物处,将靠近货物的车门上的加强槽梁卸下,将车斗提升机构的伸缩架拉出,通过控制台控制车斗提升机构的升降油缸,将四个升降油缸顶在地面上,然后控制车斗平移翻转油缸,将车斗向货物方向平移并且翻转九十度,底盘与地面的距离应与车斗平移出底盘的长度相同;然后将卸下加强槽梁与靠近货物方向的两个装货油缸相连,通过控制台控制装货油缸,将货物拢入车斗内;然后控制车斗平移翻转油缸,将车斗翻转平移复位;再将卸下的加强槽梁安装好,并收起升降气缸,装货过程完成;
卸货时,通过与驱动轮的传动轴相连的驱动装置,将自动整体装卸运输车移动到卸货处,将靠近卸货处的车门上的加强槽梁卸下,将车斗提升机构的伸缩架拉出,通过控制台控制车斗提升机构的升降油缸,将四个升降油缸顶在地面上;然后控制车斗平移翻转油缸,将车斗向卸货处方向平移并且翻转九十度,底盘与地面的距离应与车斗平移出底盘的长度相同;然后将靠近卸货处的车门上的拆卸 式门锁打开,使用钢丝绳连接在车门底部的拉环上;然后绕过车门相对的立柱下部的槽轮上,再绕过支承槽轮后,将钢丝绳与车门抽出油缸相连,通过控制台控制车门抽出油缸将车门抽出,从而将货物卸下;然后通过开启把手,将前车门或后车门打开,以防止车体移动时车门碰撞货物;再控制车体移位油缸顶在地面上,并倾斜15度,使整个车体向卸货处相反方向移动,以避免车体移动时碰撞货物;然后再控制升降油缸收起,使驱动轮接触地面,通过驱动装置移动车体,再控制车斗平移翻转油缸将车斗翻转平移复位,再将卸下的加强槽梁和打开的车门安装好,卸货过程完成。
本发明的有益效果是:
在车斗和底盘之间设置车斗移动槽架,底盘两侧设置车斗提升机构,通过车斗移动翻转油缸实现了车斗向左右两侧平移翻转,同时设置车门抽出油缸、车体移动油缸和装货油缸,实现了货物的自动装卸,大大降低了型材货物装卸的劳动强度,提高了货物的装卸效率,具有设计合理、使用方便和自动化程度高的优点。
附图说明
下面结合附图和实施例对本发明进一步说明。
图1是本发明装置的结构示意图;
图2是本发明装置中底盘的结构示意图;
图3是本发明装置中车斗提升机构的结构示意图;
图4是图1中A区域的放大示意图;
图5是图1中B区域的放大示意图;
图6是本发明装置中卡件的结构示意图。
图中1车斗、2底盘、3驱动轮、4车斗提升机构、5立柱、6车斗移动槽架、7车斗平移翻转油缸、8车门抽出油缸、9车体移位油缸、10控制台、11安全油缸、12后车门、13前车门、14拉环、15加强横梁、16插槽、17拆卸式门锁、18开启把手、19液压站、20装货油缸、31传动轴、41伸缩槽、42伸缩架、43升降油缸、51槽轮、61工字形卡件、62销子、63槽轮、64支撑槽轮、65槽钢、66轨道槽、601卡槽。
具体实施方式
如图1、图2、图3、图4、图5和图6所示,一种自动整体装卸运输车,主要由车斗1、底盘2和驱动轮3组成,车斗1包括前车门13、后车门12、左车门、右车门和底架,驱动轮3位于底盘2下部,驱动轮3中间安装有可与外部驱动系统相连的传动轴31,前车门13和后车门12顶部中间分别设置一个安全油缸11,左车门底部和右车门底部设置拉环14,左车门顶部和右车门顶部安装一个加强槽梁15,左车门和右车门插接在车斗的插槽16内部,左车门和右车门通过车斗底部安装的拆卸式门锁17进行固定,前车门13和后车门12与车斗1为活动连接,前车门13和后车门12上设置开启把手18。底盘2前后两侧分别连接一个车斗提升机构4,车斗提升机构4包括一个伸缩槽41、设置在伸缩槽41内的两个伸缩架42以及连接在伸缩架42下部的升降油缸43,车斗提升机构4的伸缩槽41上固定连接一个车斗平移翻转油缸7,车斗平移翻转油缸7另一端连接在车斗1上,底盘2的四个角上分别设置一个立柱5,立柱5底部连接一个槽轮51,车斗1与底盘2之间设置若干车斗移动槽架6,包括两个设置在底盘2两侧的车斗移动槽架和若干设置在底盘2中间的车斗移动槽架,车斗移动槽架6由槽钢65、放置在槽钢65之间的轨道槽66上的工字形卡件61以及固定在槽钢65前后两端上的销子62组成,工字形卡件61上部固定在车斗1的底架上,工字形卡件61可在轨道槽66内移动,当工字形卡件61两侧的卡槽601卡在销子62时,便不可再移动了,设置在底盘2两侧的车斗移动槽架两端内侧分别设置一个槽轮63,设置在底盘2中间的车斗移动槽架与底盘2之间设置一个支承槽轮64。底盘2后部中间位置安装一个车门抽出油缸8,底盘2后侧连接的车斗提升机构4的伸缩槽41中间连接一个车体移位油缸9,底盘2上设置液压站19,液压站19通过连接杆连接控制台10,车斗1的前车门13左右两侧分别设置一个装货油缸20,车斗1的后车门12左右两侧分别设置一个装货油缸20,装货油缸20固定在车斗1的底架上。
本发明装置的工作原理是:
装货时,本发明装置通过与驱动轮3的传动轴31相连的驱动装置移动到货物处,将靠近货物的车门上的加强槽梁15卸下,将车斗提升机构4的伸缩架42拉出,通过控制台10控制车斗提升机构4的升降油缸43,将四个升降油缸43顶在地面上,然后控制车斗平移翻转油缸7将车斗1向货物方向平移并且翻转九十度,底盘2与地面的距离应与车斗1平移出底盘2的长度相同,然后将卸下加 强槽梁15与靠近货物方向的两个装货油缸20相连,通过控制台10控制装货油缸20将货物拢入车斗1内,然后控制车斗平移翻转油缸7将车斗1翻转平移复位,再将卸下的加强槽梁15安装好,并收起升降气缸43,装货过程完成。
卸货时,本发明装置通过与驱动轮3的传动轴31相连的驱动装置移动到卸货处,将靠近卸货处的车门上的加强槽梁15卸下,将车斗提升机构4的伸缩架42拉出,通过控制台10控制车斗提升机构4的升降油缸43,将四个升降油缸43顶在地面上,然后控制车斗平移翻转油缸7将车斗1向卸货处方向平移并且翻转九十度,底盘2与地面的距离应与车斗1平移出底盘2的长度相同,然后将靠近卸货处的车门上的拆卸式门锁17打开,使用钢丝绳连接在车门底部的拉环14上,然后绕过车门相对的立柱5下部的槽轮51上,再绕过支承槽轮64后,将钢丝绳与车门抽出油缸8相连,通过控制台10控制车门抽出油缸8将车门抽出,从而将货物卸下,然后通过开启把手18将前车门13或后车门12打开,以防止车体移动时车门碰撞货物,再控制车体移位油缸9顶在地面上,并倾斜15度,使整个车体向卸货处相反方向移动,以避免车体移动时碰撞货物,然后再控制升降油缸43收起,使驱动轮3接触地面,通过驱动装置移动车体,再控制车斗平移翻转油缸7将车斗翻转平移复位,再将卸下的加强槽梁15和打开的车门安装好,卸货过程完成。
上述说明示出并描述了本发明的若干优选实施例,但如前所述,应当理解,本发明并非局限于本申请上述所披露的形式,不应看作是对其他实施例的排除,而可用于各种其他组合、修改和环境,并能够在本文所述发明构想范围内,通过上述教导或相关领域的技术或知识进行改动。而本领域人员所进行的改动和变化不脱离本发明的精神和范围,则都应在本发明所附权利要求的保护范围内。

Claims (7)

  1. 一种自动整体装卸运输车,主要由车斗、底盘和驱动轮组成,车斗包括前车门、后车门、左车门、右车门和底架,驱动轮位于底盘下部,驱动轮中间安装有可与外部驱动系统相连的传动轴,其特征在于,底盘前后两侧分别连接一个车斗提升机构,车斗提升机构包括一个伸缩槽、设置在伸缩槽内的两个伸缩架以及连接在伸缩架下部的升降油缸,车斗提升机构的伸缩槽上固定连接一个车斗平移翻转油缸,车斗平移翻转油缸另一端连接在车斗上,底盘的四个角上分别设置一个立柱,立柱底部连接一个槽轮,车斗与底盘之间设置若干车斗移动槽架,车斗移动槽架由槽钢、放置在槽钢之间的轨道槽上的卡件以及固定在槽钢前后两端上的销子组成,卡件上部固定在车斗的底架上,底盘后部中间位置安装一个车门抽出油缸,底盘后侧连接的车斗提升机构的伸缩槽中间连接一个车体移位油缸,底盘上设置液压站,液压站通过连接杆连接控制台,车斗的前车门左右两侧分别设置一个装货油缸,车斗的后车门左右两侧分别设置一个装货油缸,装货油缸固定在车斗的底架上。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的自动整体装卸运输车,其特征在于,前车门和后车门顶部中间分别设置一个安全油缸。
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的自动整体装卸运输车,其特征在于,左车门底部和右车门底部设置拉环,左车门顶部和右车门顶部安装一个加强槽梁,左车门和右车门插接在车斗的插槽内部,左车门和右车门通过车斗底部安装的拆卸式门锁进行固定。
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的自动整体装卸运输车,其特征在于,前车门和后车门与车斗为活动连接,前车门和后车门上设置开启把手。
  5. 根据权利要求3所述的自动整体装卸运输车,其特征在于,车斗移动槽架中的卡件为工字形。
  6. 根据权利要求3所述的自动整体装卸运输车,其特征在于,车斗移动槽架包括两个设置在底盘两侧的车斗移动槽架和若干设置在底盘中间的车斗移动槽架,设置在底盘两侧的车斗移动槽架两端内侧分别设置一个槽轮,设置在底盘中间的车斗移动槽架与底盘之间设置一个支承槽轮。
  7. 一种自动整体装卸运输车进行装卸货物的方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:
    装货时,通过与驱动轮的传动轴相连的驱动装置,将自动整体装卸运输车移动到货物处,将靠近货物的车门上的加强槽梁卸下,将车斗提升机构的伸缩架拉出,通过控制台控制车斗提升机构的升降油缸,将四个升降油缸顶在地面上,然后控制车斗平移翻转油缸,将车斗向货物方向平移并且翻转九十度,底盘与地面的距离应与车斗平移出底盘的长度相同;然后将卸下加强槽梁与靠近货物方向的两个装货油缸相连,通过控制台控制装货油缸,将货物拢入车斗内;然后控制车斗平移翻转油缸,将车斗翻转平移复位;再将卸下的加强槽梁安装好,并收起升降气缸,装货过程完成;
    卸货时,通过与驱动轮的传动轴相连的驱动装置,将自动整体装卸运输车移动到卸货处,将靠近卸货处的车门上的加强槽梁卸下,将车斗提升机构的伸缩架拉出,通过控制台控制车斗提升机构的升降油缸,将四个升降油缸顶在地面上;然后控制车斗平移翻转油缸,将车斗向卸货处方向平移并且翻转九十度,底盘与地面的距离应与车斗平移出底盘的长度相同;然后将靠近卸货处的车门上的拆卸式门锁打开,使用钢丝绳连接在车门底部的拉环上;然后绕过车门相对的立柱下部的槽轮上,再绕过支承槽轮后,将钢丝绳与车门抽出油缸相连,通过控制台控制车门抽出油缸将车门抽出,从而将货物卸下;然后通过开启把手,将前车门或后车门打开,以防止车体移动时车门碰撞货物;再控制车体移位油缸顶在地面上,并倾斜15度,使整个车体向卸货处相反方向移动,以避免车体移动时碰撞货物;然后再控制升降油缸收起,使驱动轮接触地面,通过驱动装置移动车体,再控制车斗平移翻转油缸将车斗翻转平移复位,再将卸下的加强槽梁和打开的车门安装好,卸货过程完成。
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CN115837874A (zh) * 2023-02-20 2023-03-24 山东聚鑫集团钢结构有限公司 一种十字钢柱运输装置

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