CN114208654A - All-weather soilless stereoscopic planting method for cereal crops - Google Patents

All-weather soilless stereoscopic planting method for cereal crops Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114208654A
CN114208654A CN202111496630.9A CN202111496630A CN114208654A CN 114208654 A CN114208654 A CN 114208654A CN 202111496630 A CN202111496630 A CN 202111496630A CN 114208654 A CN114208654 A CN 114208654A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cereal crops
light source
plate
weather
soilless
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Pending
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CN202111496630.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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夏祥军
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202111496630.9A priority Critical patent/CN114208654A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • A01G31/06Hydroponic culture on racks or in stacked containers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention discloses an all-weather soilless three-dimensional planting method for cereal crops, which is characterized by comprising the following steps of: locally arranging a nutrient solution collecting pool and a controllable high-pressure water pump on the non-hardening or hardening gentle slope type groove-type ground, arranging a multilayer bracket on the gentle slope type groove-type ground, arranging a waterproof safety light source plate on each layer of bracket, arranging an energy-saving safety light source in the waterproof safety light source plate, connecting the waterproof safety light source plate with the controllable safety power source through a power line, arranging a nutrient cup integrated plate on the waterproof safety light source plate, placing seeds or seedlings of cereal crops in nutrient cups of the nutrient cup integrated plate, fixing a plastic plate net on the upper part of the nutrient cup integrated plate, arranging a nozzle on the upper part of the cereal crops according to the height of the cereal crops in the maturity period, connecting the nozzle with the controllable high-pressure water pump through a nutrient solution pipeline to provide nutrient supply for the cereal crops, and sealing all the cereal crops on the multilayer bracket by using a controllable light-collecting shed for realizing all-weather soilless and all-weather nutrition supply of the cereal crops, And (5) three-dimensional planting.

Description

All-weather soilless stereoscopic planting method for cereal crops
The technical field is as follows: an all-weather soilless stereoscopic planting method for cereal crops belongs to the field of all-weather soilless stereoscopic planting of cereal crops.
Background art: at present, the field of crop planting has soilless, three-dimensional and greenhouse planting of vegetables and flowers, but no precedent exists in all-weather, soilless and three-dimensional planting of cereal crops. The problem of food required by the population of the growing human society cannot be fundamentally solved by planting vegetables and flowers in a soilless, three-dimensional and greenhouse mode, and the problem of food required by the population of the region lacking cultivated land cannot be fundamentally solved, and the method is characterized in that:
1. the soilless, three-dimensional and greenhouse planting of vegetables only solves the food requirements of the vegetables needed by human in regions and seasons which are not suitable for growth, can only meet the food requirements of partial people, and cannot fundamentally solve the problem of grain supply of the human.
2. The soilless, three-dimensional and greenhouse flower planting only solves the ornamental or partial medicinal requirements of the flowers required by the human in the regions and seasons which are not suitable for growth, and the problem of grain supply of the human cannot be solved fundamentally.
The invention content is as follows: in order to fundamentally solve the fundamental problem of human body temperature saturation and the planting problem of cereal crops which are not suitable for cereal crop planting areas, a gentle slope type groove ground is arranged on a non-hardened or hardened ground, a nutrient solution collecting pool is arranged on the gentle slope type groove ground, a controllable high-pressure water pump is arranged in the nutrient solution collecting pool, a multi-layer support is arranged on the gentle slope type groove ground, a waterproof safety light source plate is arranged on each layer of support, an energy-saving safety light source is arranged in the waterproof safety light source plate, the waterproof safety light source plate is connected with a controllable safety power source through a power line, a nutrition cup integrated plate which is manufactured by taking the root height and the radius of a dense area of the cereal crops at the maturation stage as references is arranged on the waterproof safety light source plate, seeds or seedlings of the cereal crops are arranged in nutrition cups of the nutrition cup integrated plate, a plastic plate net which is manufactured by taking the diameter of stems of the cereal crops at the maturation stage as references is fixed on the upper part of the nutrition cup integrated plate, the grain crop planting method is characterized in that a spray head is arranged at a height of 0.5 m from the upper part of the grain crop, which is based on the height of the grain crop in the mature period, the spray head is connected with a controllable high-pressure water pump in a gentle-slope groove type overground nutrient solution collecting pool through a nutrient solution pipeline to provide nutrition for the grain crop, all the grain crops on a multilayer support are planted in a closed manner by adopting a controllable heat-preservation lighting shed, all-weather, soilless and three-dimensional planting of the grain crop on various lands under different climatic conditions is realized, and the rapid yield increase is realized to meet the requirement of human social population growth on the grain. The novel all-weather soilless stereoscopic planting technology for the cereal crops has the beneficial effects that: the method realizes the planting of the cereal crops on various lands under different climatic conditions, greatly improves the yield of the cereal crops, and provides favorable guarantee for the requirement of human society on the grains.
Description of the drawings:
FIG. 1: the invention discloses a front perspective schematic view of an all-weather soilless stereoscopic planting method for cereal crops, which is invented for all-weather soilless stereoscopic planting of all cereal crops, does not need to refine and label specific sizes, and only needs to label each component in the invention in a perspective schematic view mode. The notations in fig. 1 indicate:
1. controllable heat preservation type lighting shed 2, waterproof type safe light source board 3, safe light source 4, power cord 5, controllable safe power 6, nutrient solution pipeline 7, shower nozzle 8, cereal 9, plastic board net 10, nutrition cup integrated board 11, nutrient solution 12, controllable high pressure water pump 13, nutrient solution collecting pit 14, gentle slope slot type ground 15, support frame
The controllable heat-preservation type lighting shed mainly has the functions of providing proper temperature and lighting conditions which accord with the growth of grain crops for the conditions of the grain crops in different climates, and is a core component for realizing all-weather planting of the grain crops. The main function of the waterproof safety light source plate in the invention is to isolate the nutrient solution on the upper layer from spraying or flowing down to the lower layer to form an environment which is not beneficial to the growth and development of cereal crops, and the waterproof safety light source plate is a core component for realizing the three-dimensional planting of the cereal crops. The main role of the safety light source in the present invention is the light source required for photosynthesis of the cereal crop. The main function of the power cord in the present invention is to connect the safety power supply required by the safety light source. The main functions of the controllable safe power supply in the invention are to provide a safe power supply for the light source required by the photosynthesis of the cereal crops and provide safe power utilization guarantee for the growers. The nutrient solution pipeline has the main function of providing a transportation pipeline for nutrient solution required by cereal crops, and is a core component for realizing three-dimensional and soilless planting of the cereal crops on hardened and unhardened ground. The nozzle has the main function of providing nutrition supply for the cereal crops in a uniform spraying mode, and is a core component for realizing soilless and three-dimensional planting of the cereal crops on hardened and non-hardened ground. Cereal crops are herein products grown in accordance with the present invention. The plastic plate net has the main functions of realizing the smooth growth of the cereal crops and stabilizing the core components of the cereal crop roots and stems, and is the core component for realizing the soilless and three-dimensional planting of the cereal crops. The nutrition cup integrated plate has the main functions of collecting and storing nutrition needed by cereal crops and is a core component for realizing the soilless and three-dimensional planting of the cereal crops. Nutrient solutions are a source of nutrient supply for cereal crops in the present invention. The main function of the controllable high pressure water pump in the present invention is to provide a controlled power delivery for the nutrients required by the cereal crop. The main function of the nutrient solution collecting tank in the invention is to store nutrient solution and a place where the nutrient solution which is not absorbed by the cereal crops or is redundant in the spraying process is recovered. The main function of the gentle slope groove type ground in the invention is to realize the recovery of the nutrient solution which is not absorbed or redundant by the grain crops in the spraying process and the prevention of the leakage of the nutrient solution. The bracket mainly plays a role in fixing components such as a waterproof safety light source plate, a safety light source, a power line, a nutrient solution pipeline, a spray head, a plastic plate net, a nutrient cup integrated plate and the like, is a main component for bearing the load of all the components, and is a core component for realizing the soilless and three-dimensional planting of cereal crops.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
1. the method is characterized in that a gentle slope type groove ground is arranged on the unhardened or hardened ground, a nutrient solution collecting pool is locally arranged on the gentle slope type groove ground, and a high-pressure water pump is arranged in the nutrient solution collecting pool.
2. And a plurality of layers of supports are arranged on the gentle slope groove type ground.
3. A waterproof safety light source plate is arranged on each layer of support, an energy-saving safety light source is arranged in the waterproof safety light source plate, and the waterproof safety light source plate is connected with a controllable safety power source through a power line.
4. Placing 1.2-1.5 times of nutrition cup set on the waterproof safety light source plate, and placing the seeds or seedlings of the cereal crops in the nutrition cup of the nutrition cup integrated plate.
5. Fixing a plastic plate net on the upper part of the nutrition cup integrated plate, wherein the diameter of the meshes of the plastic plate net is 1.2-15 times of the diameter of the stems of the grain crops in the mature period, and the distance between the plastic plate net and the nutrition cup integrated plate is fixed according to the height of 1.2-1.5 times of the height of the maximum root density part of the grain crops in the mature period.
6. The spray head is arranged at the position 0.5 m away from the upper part of the grain crops in the mature period according to the spraying radius of the spray head, and the spray head is connected with a controllable high-pressure water pump in a gentle slope type groove type overground nutrient solution collecting pool through a nutrient solution pipeline to supply nutrition to the grain crops.
7. And a controllable heat-preservation type lighting shed is arranged outside the multilayer support.

Claims (3)

1. An all-weather soilless three-dimensional planting method for grain crops is characterized by comprising the following steps: a waterproof safety light source plate is arranged on each layer of support, a waterproof safety light source is arranged at the lower part of the upper-layer nutrition cup integrated plate, a plastic plate net with meshes is fixed at the upper part of the nutrition cup integrated plate, seeds or seedlings of cereal crops are placed in the nutrition cups of the nutrition cup integrated plate, and the cereal crops are planted on all-weather, soilless and three-dimensional soil under different climatic conditions.
2. The all-weather soilless stereoscopic planting method for the cereal crops as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the support of each layer is provided with a waterproof safety light source plate, the function of the support is that the waterproof safety light source plate is arranged at the lower part of the upper layer nutrition cup integrated plate to provide light source for the photosynthesis of the grain crops on the layer, and the nutrient solution on the upper layer is isolated to be sprayed or flow down to the lower layer to form an environment which is not beneficial to the growth and development of the grain crops.
3. The all-weather soilless stereoscopic planting method for the cereal crops as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the plastic plate net with the meshes is fixed on the upper part of the nutrition cup integrated plate and has the functions of realizing the smooth growth of the cereal crops and stabilizing the roots and stems of the cereal crops.
CN202111496630.9A 2016-11-05 2016-11-05 All-weather soilless stereoscopic planting method for cereal crops Pending CN114208654A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111496630.9A CN114208654A (en) 2016-11-05 2016-11-05 All-weather soilless stereoscopic planting method for cereal crops

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111496630.9A CN114208654A (en) 2016-11-05 2016-11-05 All-weather soilless stereoscopic planting method for cereal crops
CN201610988831.3A CN108064674A (en) 2016-11-05 2016-11-05 A kind of round-the-clock soiless and three-dimensional planting technology of new cereal crops

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CN201610988831.3A Division CN108064674A (en) 2016-11-05 2016-11-05 A kind of round-the-clock soiless and three-dimensional planting technology of new cereal crops

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CN114208654A true CN114208654A (en) 2022-03-22

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CN201610988831.3A Pending CN108064674A (en) 2016-11-05 2016-11-05 A kind of round-the-clock soiless and three-dimensional planting technology of new cereal crops
CN202111496630.9A Pending CN114208654A (en) 2016-11-05 2016-11-05 All-weather soilless stereoscopic planting method for cereal crops

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201430825Y (en) * 2009-07-06 2010-03-31 上海赋民农业科技有限公司 Spray-type three-dimensional cultivation system of circular arch-shaped three-dimensional planting body
CN201509479U (en) * 2009-07-06 2010-06-23 上海赋民农业科技有限公司 Spray-type stereoscopic cultivation system for cylindrical stereo-planting body
CN101940155A (en) * 2009-07-06 2011-01-12 潘赵美 Small-sized plant growing system
CN101940150A (en) * 2009-07-06 2011-01-12 潘赵美 Method and system for spray type stereo planting of stereo plant
CN102217479A (en) * 2011-04-27 2011-10-19 武汉高智创新科技有限公司 Method for planting three-dimensional plants
CN103999756A (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-08-27 魏延恕 Soilless culture system with auxiliary device for prompting plant growth
CN105494017A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-04-20 山东省林业科学研究院 Method for increasing cutting propagation coefficients by utilizing nursery stock lateral branches

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102138502A (en) * 2011-04-28 2011-08-03 卢红 Commercialized production method for green living fruits and vegetables
CN105454023A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-06 王维录 Intelligent stereoscopic plant system for improving indoor air quality
CN105724231A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-07-06 崔学晨 Artificial environment hydroponics production line

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201430825Y (en) * 2009-07-06 2010-03-31 上海赋民农业科技有限公司 Spray-type three-dimensional cultivation system of circular arch-shaped three-dimensional planting body
CN201509479U (en) * 2009-07-06 2010-06-23 上海赋民农业科技有限公司 Spray-type stereoscopic cultivation system for cylindrical stereo-planting body
CN101940155A (en) * 2009-07-06 2011-01-12 潘赵美 Small-sized plant growing system
CN101940150A (en) * 2009-07-06 2011-01-12 潘赵美 Method and system for spray type stereo planting of stereo plant
CN102217479A (en) * 2011-04-27 2011-10-19 武汉高智创新科技有限公司 Method for planting three-dimensional plants
CN103999756A (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-08-27 魏延恕 Soilless culture system with auxiliary device for prompting plant growth
CN105494017A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-04-20 山东省林业科学研究院 Method for increasing cutting propagation coefficients by utilizing nursery stock lateral branches

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Application publication date: 20220322