CN109776120A - A kind of fertilizer and its application - Google Patents

A kind of fertilizer and its application Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109776120A
CN109776120A CN201910252585.9A CN201910252585A CN109776120A CN 109776120 A CN109776120 A CN 109776120A CN 201910252585 A CN201910252585 A CN 201910252585A CN 109776120 A CN109776120 A CN 109776120A
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China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
weight
parts
fermentation
strawberry
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CN201910252585.9A
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Inventor
刘备
谭武贵
邱尧
杨梅玉
谭石勇
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Hunan Huigu Agricultural Ecology Research Institute Co.,Ltd.
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Hunan Taigu Ecological Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910252585.9A priority Critical patent/CN109776120A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of fertilizer and its applications, fertilizer includes biological organic fertilizer and organic water-soluble fertilizer, biological organic fertilizer is mixed by feces of livestock and poultry, mushroom slag, agricultural crop straw, rapeseed meal, earthworm manure, calcium superphosphate, carbon method filter mud, and addition zymophyte carries out just fermentation, addition compound functional bacteria carries out decomposed fermentation and is prepared;Composite functional bacterial agent includes bacillus pumilus, bacillus megaterium, Trichoderma harzianum;Organic water-soluble fertilizer carries out spontaneous fermentation by fruit/vegetable waste, corn germ cake, sesame seed meal, cane molasses, discarded beer fermentation liquid and water mixing, then adds inorganic composite fertilizer and Glucomannan, and concentration is prepared.Fertilizer of the invention is remarkably improved strawberry soluble solid, sugar-acid ratio, Vitamin C content and hardness, can be used as plantation of the fertilizer application in strawberry of strawberry.

Description

A kind of fertilizer and its application
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural technology fields, and in particular to a kind of fertilizer and its application.
Background technique
Strawberry is herbaceos perennial, nutriment rich in, delicious red tender, pulp succulence, containing special Strong fruit aroma, is loved by consumers in life, and economic value is higher, and crop cycle is short and greenhouse gardening Stable yields cultivates more one of fruit.But when acidity is higher in strawberry fruit, it is easy to influence mouthfeel, it is appropriate to reduce acid in fruit Strawberry quality can be improved in degree.Wherein the strawberry mouthfeel more meta-acid especially under greenhouse gardening or large area planting patterns or Person's flavor is not strong because largely using low-quality organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer, more emphasis yield and have ignored quality, lacking high-quality has The introducing of machine matter, chemical fertilizer is excessive, causes strawberry shelf life short, taste peracid, and flavor is poor.
Summary of the invention
To solve the above problems, being remarkably improved the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of fertilizer for strawberry cultivating Strawberry soluble solid, sugar-acid ratio, Vitamin C content and hardness can be used as plantation of the fertilizer application in strawberry of strawberry.
Purpose to realize the present invention, the present invention provides a kind of fertilizer, including biological organic fertilizer and organic water-soluble fertilizer,
The biological organic fertilizer is prepared using following methods: by feces of livestock and poultry, mushroom slag, agricultural crop straw, rapeseed meal, earthworm Earthworm excrement, calcium superphosphate, the mixing of carbon method filter mud, addition zymophyte carries out just fermentation and obtains the first tunning, described first The decomposed fermentation of composite functional bacterial agent progress is added in tunning obtains biological organic fertilizer;The composite functional bacterial agent includes short and small Bacillus, bacillus megaterium, Trichoderma harzianum;
The organic water-soluble fertilizer is prepared using following methods: by fruit/vegetable waste, corn germ cake, sesame seed meal, sweet Cane molasses, discarded beer fermentation liquid and water mixing carry out spontaneous fermentation and obtain the second tunning;In second tunning Middle addition inorganic composite fertilizer and Glucomannan, are concentrated to get organic water-soluble fertilizer.
Above-mentioned fertilizer, it is preferred that in the raw material of the biological organic fertilizer, content proportion are as follows: 45~82.5 parts by weight Feces of livestock and poultry, 15~45 parts by weight mushroom slags, 12~37.5 parts by weight agricultural crop straws, 7.5~33 parts by weight rapeseed meals, 4.5~12 Parts by weight earthworm manure, 3~9 parts by weight calcium superphosphate, 1.5~6 parts by weight carbon method filter muds, 0.6~1.5 parts by weight zymophyte, 0.45~1.1 parts by weight composite functional bacterial agent.
Above-mentioned fertilizer, it is preferred that just fermentation described in the preparation process of the biological organic fertilizer specifically: maintain fermentation More than temperature 50 C 10~12 days, when temperature is down to 40 DEG C hereinafter, stopping fermentation.
Above-mentioned fertilizer, it is preferred that decomposed fermentation described in the preparation process of the biological organic fertilizer specifically: by moisture It is increased to 45%, when temperature is more than 50 DEG C, starts to carry out turning, every turning in 1~2 day is primary, ferments 8~10 days, temperature is not When heating up again, airing, control moisture to 20~30%.
Above-mentioned fertilizer, it is preferred that in the raw material of the organic water-soluble fertilizer, content proportion are as follows:: 22.5~45 parts by weight Fruit/vegetable waste, 9~30 parts by weight Corn plumule dregs of rice, 4.5~15 parts by weight sesame seed meals, 7.5~22.5 parts by weight cane molasses, 9~18 parts by weight discard beer fermentation liquid, 15.5~120 parts by weight of inorganic compound fertilizers, 1.5~4.5 parts by weight Glucomannans.
Above-mentioned fertilizer, it is preferred that in the preparation process of the organic water-soluble fertilizer, the specific steps of the spontaneous fermentation Are as follows: it is placed in spontaneous fermentation at room temperature 28 days, logical oxygen, stirring was opened every 2~3 days.
Above-mentioned fertilizer, it is preferred that the inorganic composite fertilizer includes: nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer.
Above-mentioned fertilizer, it is preferred that the zymophyte includes bacillus subtilis, bacillus megaterium and gel-shaped gemma Bacillus.
Above-mentioned fertilizer, it is preferred that the inorganic composite fertilizer that seedling stage uses, comprising: 22.5~42 parts by weight nitrogenous fertilizer, 15 ~25 parts by weight phosphate fertilizer, 7.5~22.5 parts by weight potash fertilizer;
The inorganic composite fertilizer that flower bud differentiation period uses, comprising: 27~45 parts by weight nitrogenous fertilizer, 9~20 parts by weight phosphate fertilizer, 7.5~20 parts by weight potash fertilizer;
The inorganic composite fertilizer that expanding stage uses, comprising: 9~20 parts by weight nitrogenous fertilizer, 9~22.5 parts by weight phosphate fertilizer, 22.5~50 parts by weight potash fertilizer.
Above-mentioned fertilizer, it is preferred that the nitrogenous fertilizer is one of urea, ammonium nitrate, urea ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate or more Kind;The phosphate fertilizer is one of ammonium polyphosphate, monoammonium phosphate, Diammonium phosphate (DAP), potassium dihydrogen phosphate or a variety of;The potash fertilizer is sulphur One of sour potassium, potassium chloride, potassium nitrate, PA 800K are a variety of.
Above-mentioned fertilizer, it is preferred that the feces of livestock and poultry is one of pig manure, chicken manure, sheep dung, cow dung or a variety of.
Above-mentioned fertilizer, it is preferred that in the composite functional bacterial agent, bacillus pumilus, bacillus megaterium and Ha Ci The mass ratio of Trichoderma is 3~6 ︰, 1~3 ︰ 1.
Based on a total inventive concept, the present invention also provides a kind of application of above-mentioned fertilizer in strawberry cultivating.
Application of the above-mentioned fertilizer in strawberry cultivating, it is preferred that the application method the following steps are included:
S1, it is mixed using biological organic fertilizer as base manure with soil matrix;
S2, in strawberry growth course, impose the organic water-soluble fertilizer.
Application of the above-mentioned fertilizer in strawberry cultivating, it is preferred that in the S1, the biological organic fertilizer is by per acre 150 ~300 kilograms mix with soil matrix.
Application of the above-mentioned fertilizer in strawberry cultivating, it is preferred that in the S2, in Strawberry seedling, impose organic water-soluble Fertilizer 2~3kg/ mus times-1, other growth periods of strawberry impose 2~4kg/ mus of organic water-soluble fertilizer-1, administration time Between be divided into 10~15 days.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
(1) present invention provides the fertilizing method of the raising strawberry quality based on water-fertilizer integral, using biological organic fertilizer as base Fertilizer is applied using organic water-soluble fertilizer as top dressing seedling stage.Contain abundant organic matter material in biological organic fertilizer and organic water-soluble fertilizer, Containing there are many organic principles such as amino acid, polypeptide, vitamin, polysaccharide, full of nutrition, partial organic substances plant roots after being manured into soil System directly absorbs, and plays stimulation to plant, improves photosynthesis and respiratory intensity, point of stimulation root apical meristem cell It splits and increases, keep seedling root of hair fast, secondary root increases, and improves the ability that crop absorbs nutrient, partially can be by microorganism conversion At effective components such as humic acids, to improve the fertility of soil, promote the nutrient growth of crop overground part, fruit is coloured in advance It is ripe, improve sugar content and Vitamin C content.
(2) present invention provides the fertilizing method of the raising strawberry quality based on water-fertilizer integral, the preparation of biological organic fertilizer Addition contains potassium and phosphorous raw material in the process, and adds the bacillus megaterium for promoting the dissolving phosphor and dissolving potassium bacterium of its release, and secretion has Machine acid, plays the role of phosphorus decomposing and consolidates potassium;Addition bacillus pumilus effectively prevent grey mould fruit rot of strawberry, improves strawberry quality;Ha Ci Trichoderma can improve the microenvironment of root system, promote plant growth, improve disease resistance, improve crop yield and quality.
(3) present invention provides the fertilizing method of the raising strawberry quality based on water-fertilizer integral, is advised according to the need fertilizer of strawberry The organic water-soluble fertilizer of Different Nutrients specification carries out top dressing in rule setting 3, can be further improved the plant recovery of nutrient of fertilizer, not only The antagonism of absorption of trace elements caused by can reducing because of excessive fertilization, appropriate fertilising can promote calcium, boron to absorb instead, Improve fruit quality;Avoid that malformed fruit caused by excessive fertilization, flavor be not strong in strawberry growth course, acidity is excessively high simultaneously Problem.
(4) present invention provides the fertilizing method of the raising strawberry quality based on water-fertilizer integral, rapeseed meal in biological organic fertilizer Nutritional ingredient is high, and strawberry interior quality can be improved;The calcium containing high level, magnesium, element silicon etc. are beneficial to member in carbon method filter mud Element can provide microelement for plant, promote the raising of strawberry sugariness, hardness etc..Oil-containing corn embryo in organic water-soluble fertilizer Nutritional ingredient is high in the dregs of rice, sesame seed meal, and containing compared with high-speed rail, selenium, biological cellulose content, strawberry interior quality can be improved.
Specific embodiment
The following examples are used to illustrate the present invention, but are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention..Without departing substantially from spirit of that invention In the case where essence, to modifications or substitutions made by the method for the present invention, step or condition, all belong to the scope of the present invention.
Unless otherwise specified, the conventional means that technological means used in embodiment is well known to those skilled in the art; Unless otherwise specified, agents useful for same is commercially available in embodiment.
The present invention relates to percentage sign " % " refer to mass percent if not specified;But the percentage of solution, Unless otherwise specified, refer to the grams in 100ml solution containing solute.
Parts by weight of the present invention can be the unit of weight well known in the art such as μ g, mg, g, kg, be also possible to it again Number, such as 1/10,1/100,10 times, 100 times.
Embodiment 1
A kind of fertilizer for strawberry cultivating, including biological organic fertilizer and organic water-soluble fertilizer.
Wherein biological organic fertilizer the preparation method comprises the following steps:
By 60 parts by weight pig manures, 30 parts by weight mushroom slags, 22.5 parts by weight rice straws, 18 parts by weight rapeseed meals, 7.5 parts by weight Earthworm manure, 7.5 parts by weight calcium superphosphate, 3.75 parts by weight carbon method filter muds, 0.8 parts by weight zymophyte (are purchased from the prosperous generation in Cangzhou Co., Ltd, object Technological research institute, main component are bacillus subtilis, bacillus megaterium, bacillusmusilaginosiengineering etc.), it mixes Conjunction forms mixture.Said mixture is just fermented, 50 DEG C of fermentation temperature or more are specially maintained 12 days, when temperature is down to 40 DEG C hereinafter, complete just fermentation, obtain the first tunning.0.75 parts by weight composite functional bacterial agent is added in the first tunning (composite functional bacterial agent be bacillus pumilus, bacillus megaterium, Trichoderma harzianum be in mass ratio 6 ︰, 3 ︰ 1 ratio mixing it is equal It is even, obtain composite functional bacterial agent, total living bacteria count is 22,000,000,000/gram.) carry out decomposed fermentation, the concrete mode of decomposed fermentation Are as follows: moisture is increased to 45%, when temperature is more than 50 DEG C, starts to carry out turning, every turning in 1~2 day is primary, it ferments 10 days, When temperature no longer heats up, airing, control moisture to 20~30%.After completing decomposed fermentation, as biological organic fertilizer.
Organic water-soluble fertilizer the preparation method comprises the following steps: by 30 parts by weight fruit/vegetable wastes, the 15 parts by weight Corn plumule dregs of rice, 7.5 weights Part sesame seed meal, 12 parts by weight cane molasses are measured, 15 parts by weight discard beer fermentation liquid, and (beer fermentation liquid is the beer of different workshop sections Waste water) it is mixed to form mixture, by said mixture after crushing mashing, spontaneous fermentation (spontaneous fermentation is carried out in fermentor Temperature is room temperature, fermentation time 30 days, opens logical oxygen, stirring every 2~3 days halfway) obtain the second tunning.By the second hair After filtering, the Glucomannan of addition inorganic nutrients, 3 parts by weight is heated to 45 DEG C and is uniformly mixed, is condensed into liquid ferment product Organic water-soluble fertilizer.
Wherein the inorganic nutrients in seedling stage include: 30 parts by weight of nitrogenous fertilizer, 22.5 parts by weight of phosphate fertilizer, 15 parts by weight of potash fertilizer.
The inorganic nutrients of flower bud differentiation period include: 37.5 parts by weight of nitrogenous fertilizer, 15 parts by weight of phosphate fertilizer, 15 parts by weight of potash fertilizer.
The inorganic nutrients of expanding stage include: 15 parts by weight of nitrogenous fertilizer, 15 parts by weight of phosphate fertilizer, 37.5 parts by weight of potash fertilizer.
In the present embodiment, nitrogenous fertilizer is urea;Phosphate fertilizer is ammonium polyphosphate;Potash fertilizer is potassium sulfate.
A kind of application of the fertilizer of the present embodiment in strawberry cultivating, application method: biological organic fertilizer exists as base manure It is uniformly mixed by 250 kilograms per acre with soil or matrix before transplanting;Organic water-soluble fertilizer applies 2.5kg/ as top dressing, seedling stage Mu-1, other periods application 3kg/ mus times-1, it is divided into 12 days between administration time.
Embodiment 2
A kind of fertilizer for strawberry cultivating, including biological organic fertilizer and organic water-soluble fertilizer.
Wherein biological organic fertilizer the preparation method comprises the following steps:
By 80 parts by weight pig manures, 20 parts by weight mushroom slags, 15 parts by weight rice straws, 20 parts by weight rapeseed meals, 8 parts by weight earthworms Excrement, 5 parts by weight calcium superphosphate, 2 parts by weight carbon method filter muds, 1.0 parts by weight fermenting agents (are purchased from the prosperous hair biotechnology in Cangzhou to grind Research Institute Co., Ltd., main component are bacillus subtilis, bacillus megaterium, bacillusmusilaginosiengineering etc.), it is mixed to form mixed Close object.Said mixture is obtained into the first tunning through just fermentation, is just fermented specifically: maintain 50 DEG C of fermentation temperature or more 10 It, when temperature is down to 40 DEG C hereinafter, completing just fermentation.It is (multiple that 0.8 parts by weight composite functional bacterial agent is added in the first tunning Close function microbial inoculum be bacillus pumilus, bacillus megaterium, Trichoderma harzianum be in mass ratio 5 ︰, 2 ︰ 1 ratio be uniformly mixed, Obtaining composite functional bacterial agent, total living bacteria count is 18,000,000,000/gram.) carry out decomposed fermentation, the concrete mode of decomposed fermentation are as follows: it will Moisture is increased to 45%, when temperature is more than 50 DEG C, starts to carry out turning, every turning in 1~2 day is primary, ferments 8 days, temperature is not When heating up again, airing, control moisture is to 20~30%, after completing decomposed fermentation, as biological organic fertilizer.
Organic water-soluble fertilizer the preparation method comprises the following steps: by 30 parts by weight fruit/vegetable wastes, the 15 parts by weight Corn plumule dregs of rice, 7.5 weights Part sesame seed meal is measured, 12 parts by weight cane molasses, 15 parts by weight discard beer fermentation liquid and are mixed to form mixture, by said mixture After crushing mashing, carried out in fermentor spontaneous fermentation (the spontaneous fermentation time 28 days, opened logical oxygen every 2~3 days halfway, Stirring) obtain the second tunning.By the second tunning after filtering, inorganic nutrients, 3 parts by weight Glucomannans are added, It is heated to 45 DEG C to be uniformly mixed, is condensed into liquid organic water-soluble fertilizer.
The wherein ingredient of the inorganic nutrients in seedling stage are as follows: 30 parts by weight of nitrogenous fertilizer, 22.5 parts by weight of phosphate fertilizer, 15 parts by weight of potash fertilizer.
The ingredient of the inorganic nutrients of flower bud differentiation period are as follows: 37.5 parts by weight of nitrogenous fertilizer, 15 parts by weight of phosphate fertilizer, 15 weight of potash fertilizer Part.
The ingredient of the inorganic nutrients of expanding stage are as follows: 15 parts by weight of nitrogenous fertilizer, 15 parts by weight of phosphate fertilizer, 37.5 parts by weight of potash fertilizer.
In the present embodiment, nitrogenous fertilizer is urea;Phosphate fertilizer is ammonium polyphosphate;Potash fertilizer is potassium sulfate.
A kind of application of the fertilizer of the present embodiment in strawberry cultivating, application method: biological organic fertilizer exists as base manure It is uniformly mixed by 250 kilograms per acre with soil or matrix before transplanting;Organic water-soluble fertilizer applies 2.5kg/ as top dressing seedling stage Mu-1, other periods application 3kg/ mus times-1, it is divided into 12 days between administration time.
Embodiment 3
A kind of fertilizer for strawberry cultivating, including biological organic fertilizer and organic water-soluble fertilizer.
Wherein biological organic fertilizer the preparation method comprises the following steps:
By 60 parts by weight pig manures, 30 parts by weight mushroom slags, 22.5 parts by weight rice straws, 18 parts by weight rapeseed meals, 7.5 parts by weight Earthworm manure, 7.5 parts by weight calcium superphosphate, 3.75 parts by weight carbon method filter muds, 0.8 parts by weight zymophyte (are purchased from the prosperous generation in Cangzhou Co., Ltd, object Technological research institute, main component are bacillus subtilis, bacillus megaterium, bacillusmusilaginosiengineering etc.), it mixes Conjunction forms mixture.Said mixture is obtained into the first tunning through just fermentation, is just fermented specifically: maintain fermentation temperature 50 DEG C or more 12 days, when temperature be down to 40 DEG C hereinafter, complete just fermentation.The compound function of 0.75 parts by weight is added in the first tunning (composite functional bacterial agent is the ratio that bacillus pumilus, bacillus megaterium, Trichoderma harzianum are 5 ︰, 2 ︰ 1 in mass ratio to energy microbial inoculum It being uniformly mixed, obtains composite functional bacterial agent, total living bacteria count is 18,000,000,000/gram.) carry out decomposed fermentation, specific steps are as follows: it will Moisture is increased to 45%, when temperature is more than 50 DEG C, starts to carry out turning, every turning in 1~2 day is primary, ferments 10 days, temperature is not When heating up again, airing, control moisture is to 20~30%, after completing decomposed fermentation, as biological organic fertilizer.
Organic water-soluble fertilizer the preparation method comprises the following steps: by 40 parts by weight fruit/vegetable wastes, the 20 parts by weight Corn plumule dregs of rice, 13 weight Part sesame seed meal, 10 parts by weight cane molasses, 12 parts by weight discard beer fermentation liquid and are mixed to form mixture, said mixture is passed through After crushing mashing, carried out in fermentor spontaneous fermentation (the spontaneous fermentation time 25 days, opened logical oxygen every 2~3 days halfway, stir Mix) obtain the second tunning.By the second tunning after filtering, inorganic nutrients, 3 parts by weight of Glucomannan are added, are added Heat to 50 DEG C be uniformly mixed, be condensed into liquid organic water-soluble fertilizer.
Wherein the inorganic nutrients in seedling stage include: 28 parts by weight of nitrogenous fertilizer, 16 parts by weight of phosphate fertilizer, 3 parts by weight of potash fertilizer.
The inorganic nutrients of flower bud differentiation period include: 28 parts by weight of nitrogenous fertilizer, 16 parts by weight of phosphate fertilizer, 8 parts by weight of potash fertilizer.
The inorganic nutrients of expanding stage include: 12 parts by weight of nitrogenous fertilizer, 15 parts by weight of phosphate fertilizer, 25 parts by weight of potash fertilizer.
In the present embodiment, nitrogenous fertilizer is urea;Phosphate fertilizer is ammonium polyphosphate;Potash fertilizer is potassium sulfate.
A kind of application of the fertilizer of the present embodiment in strawberry cultivating, application method: biological organic fertilizer exists as base manure It is uniformly mixed by 250 kilograms per acre with soil or matrix before transplanting;Organic water-soluble fertilizer applies 2.5kg/ as top dressing seedling stage Mu-1, other periods application 3kg/ mus times-1, it is divided into 12 days between administration time.
Experimental example 1
The fertilizing method of embodiment 1 to 3 is applied on strawberry cultivating, investigates its planting effect respectively.
One, experimental material and method
Subjects: " beautiful red " strawberry
Test site: it is located at Liuyang City north Sheng Zhen strawberry cultivating greenhouse;
Experimental design:
6 groups of processing are arranged in this test altogether, per each 13 mu of greenhouse of processing, 2 repetitions, and random district's groups arrangement, each greenhouse It marks.Test process is as follows:
Test group (T1): it applies fertilizer per acre according to the method for the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Test group (T2): it applies fertilizer per acre according to the method for the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Test group (T3): it applies fertilizer per acre according to the method for the embodiment of the present invention 3.
Test group (T4): it applies fertilizer per acre according to the method for the embodiment of the present invention 1, biological organic fertilizer amount of application is changed to per acre 150kg。
Test group (T5): it applies fertilizer per acre according to the method for the embodiment of the present invention 1, it is every that organic water-soluble fertilizer amount of application is changed to seedling stage Mu 2kg, 2kg per acre of other periods apply fertilizer interval time 15 days.
Control group (CK): conventional fertilizer application processing is made according to applications of farmyard manure 1000kg per acre, potassium sulfate compound fertilizer 30kg For base manure, seedling stage does not apply fertilizer, and flower bud differentiation period imposes flower the more Water soluble fertilizer (nutrient specification 20-20-20) 2kg per acre, fertilising 3 Secondary, fruit expanding period imposes potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1kg per acre, applies fertilizer 3 times.
Other agronomic measures are consistent between respectively handling, and table 1 is the experimental result of each embodiment.
Table 1: the test result of each test group
From the test result of table 1 it is found that the yield performance of processing T1~T5 of application embodiment fertilizer is different, wherein with right It is compared according to CK, T1, T2 processing show a increasing trend, and increase by 8.30% and 3.24% respectively;But apply the processing of embodiment fertilizer Fruit soluble solids content, sugar-acid ratio, Vitamin C content significantly improve trend than control treatment, increase respectively 9.80%~30.39%, 14.19%~45.92%, 2.81%~20.06%.Wherein the indices of T1 processing are shown as Most preferably, it reduces the T2 processing of biological organic fertilizer key component ratio and reduces in organic water-soluble fertilizer at the T3 of key component ratio Although managing fruit quality due to CK, indices decrease compared with T1 processing, illustrate that raw material is suitable in biological organic fertilizer Ratio and organic water-soluble fertilizer in raw material suitable proportion can effectively improve yield of strawberry and quality, especially pol and dimension Raw cellulose content.The yield for reducing the T4 processing of biological organic fertilizer amount of application and reducing the T5 processing of organic water-soluble fertilizer amount of application is equal There is different degrees of reduction, but fruit quality handles the effect that has a certain upgrade compared with CK, and is dropped compared with T1 treatment effect It is low.Illustrate that the yield and quality of strawberry can be improved in the amount of application of suitable biological organic fertilizer or organic water-soluble fertilizer.
In conclusion the strawberry soluble solid of each embodiment processing, sugar-acid ratio, Vitamin C content, hardness are above Conventional fertilizer application control, titrable acidity are compareed lower than conventional fertilizer application, illustrate the biological organic fertilizer and organic water-soluble fertilizer of suitable proportion And suitable amount of application can effectively improve strawberry quality, mouthfeel is sweeter with flavor, and constant rate of production, Shelf-life, Effectively improve economic well-being of workers and staff.
Obviously, the above embodiments are merely examples for clarifying the description, and does not limit the embodiments.It is right For those of ordinary skill in the art, can also make on the basis of the above description it is other it is various forms of variation or It changes.There is no necessity and possibility to exhaust all the enbodiments.And it is extended from this it is obvious variation or It changes still within the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of fertilizer, which is characterized in that including biological organic fertilizer and organic water-soluble fertilizer,
The biological organic fertilizer is prepared using following methods: by feces of livestock and poultry, mushroom slag, agricultural crop straw, rapeseed meal, wormcast Just, calcium superphosphate, the mixing of carbon method filter mud, addition zymophyte carry out just fermentation and obtain the first tunning, in first fermentation The decomposed fermentation of composite functional bacterial agent progress is added in product obtains biological organic fertilizer;The composite functional bacterial agent includes short and small gemma Bacillus, bacillus megaterium, Trichoderma harzianum;
The organic water-soluble fertilizer is prepared using following methods: by fruit/vegetable waste, corn germ cake, sesame seed meal, cane suger Honey, discarded beer fermentation liquid and water mixing carry out spontaneous fermentation and obtain the second tunning;Add in second tunning Add inorganic composite fertilizer and Glucomannan, is concentrated to get organic water-soluble fertilizer.
2. fertilizer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the raw material of the biological organic fertilizer, content proportion are as follows: 45~82.5 parts by weight feces of livestock and poultry, 15~45 parts by weight mushroom slags, 12~37.5 parts by weight agricultural crop straws, 7.5~33 weight Part rapeseed meal, 4.5~12 parts by weight earthworm manures, 3~9 parts by weight calcium superphosphate, 1.5~6 parts by weight carbon method filter muds, 0.6~1.5 Parts by weight zymophyte, 0.45~1.1 parts by weight composite functional bacterial agent;
And/or just fermentation described in the preparation process of the biological organic fertilizer specifically: 50 DEG C of fermentation temperature of maintenance or more 10~ 12 days, when temperature is down to 40 DEG C hereinafter, stopping fermentation;
And/or decomposed fermentation described in the preparation process of the biological organic fertilizer specifically: moisture is increased to 45%, works as temperature When degree is more than 50 DEG C, starting to carry out turning, every turning in 1~2 day is primary, it ferments 8~10 days, when temperature no longer heats up, airing, control Moisture processed is to 20~30%.
3. fertilizer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the raw material of the organic water-soluble fertilizer, content proportion are as follows: 22.5~45 parts by weight fruit/vegetable wastes, 9~30 parts by weight Corn plumule dregs of rice, 4.5~15 parts by weight sesame seed meals, 7.5~22.5 Parts by weight cane molasses, 9~18 parts by weight discard beer fermentation liquid, 15.5~120 parts by weight of inorganic compound fertilizers, 1.5~4.5 weights Measure part Glucomannan;
And/or in the preparation process of the organic water-soluble fertilizer, the specific steps of the spontaneous fermentation are as follows: be placed in natural at room temperature Logical oxygen, stirring were opened in fermentation 28 days every 2~3 days.
4. fertilizer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the inorganic composite fertilizer includes: nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer;
And/or the zymophyte includes bacillus subtilis, bacillus megaterium and bacillusmusilaginosiengineering.
5. fertilizer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
The inorganic composite fertilizer that seedling stage uses, comprising: 22.5~42 parts by weight nitrogenous fertilizer, 15~25 parts by weight phosphate fertilizer, 7.5~ 22.5 parts by weight potash fertilizer;
The inorganic composite fertilizer that flower bud differentiation period uses, comprising: 27~45 parts by weight nitrogenous fertilizer, 9~20 parts by weight phosphate fertilizer, 7.5 ~20 parts by weight potash fertilizer;
The inorganic composite fertilizer that expanding stage uses, comprising: 9~20 parts by weight nitrogenous fertilizer, 9~22.5 parts by weight phosphate fertilizer, 22.5~ 50 parts by weight potash fertilizer.
6. fertilizer according to claim 4 or 5, which is characterized in that the nitrogenous fertilizer is urea, ammonium nitrate, urea ammonium nitrate, sulphur One of sour ammonium is a variety of;The phosphate fertilizer be one of ammonium polyphosphate, monoammonium phosphate, Diammonium phosphate (DAP), potassium dihydrogen phosphate or It is a variety of;The potash fertilizer is one of potassium sulfate, potassium chloride, potassium nitrate, PA 800K or a variety of.
7. fertilizer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that feces of livestock and poultry is pig manure, chicken manure, sheep dung, one in cow dung Kind is a variety of;
And/or in the composite functional bacterial agent, the mass ratio of bacillus pumilus, bacillus megaterium and Trichoderma harzianum is 3~ 6 ︰, 1~3 ︰ 1.
8. a kind of application of the fertilizer described in any one of claims 1 to 7 in strawberry cultivating.
9. application of the fertilizer according to claim 8 in strawberry cultivating, which is characterized in that the application method include with Lower step:
S1, it is mixed using biological organic fertilizer as base manure with soil matrix;
S2, in strawberry growth course, impose the organic water-soluble fertilizer.
10. application of the fertilizer according to claim 9 in strawberry cultivating, which is characterized in that in the S1, the biology Organic fertilizer is mixed by 150~300 kilograms per acre with soil matrix;
And/or in the S2, in Strawberry seedling, impose organic water-soluble fertilizer 2~3kg/ mus times-1, strawberry other growth when Phase imposes organic water-soluble fertilizer 2~4kg/ mus times-1, it is divided into 10~15 days between administration time.
CN201910252585.9A 2019-03-29 2019-03-29 A kind of fertilizer and its application Pending CN109776120A (en)

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CN110257300A (en) * 2019-07-16 2019-09-20 广西富凤农牧集团有限公司 A kind of chicken manure fermenting agent
CN110818499A (en) * 2019-11-26 2020-02-21 黑龙江八一农垦大学 Special corn premature senility prevention fertilizer and preparation method and application thereof
CN111484360A (en) * 2020-03-10 2020-08-04 三亚耀众农业发展有限公司 Fertilizer for planting non-transgenic pawpaw and fertilizing method
CN111492775A (en) * 2020-05-11 2020-08-07 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Fertilizing method for rotation system of winter wheat and summer corn

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110257300A (en) * 2019-07-16 2019-09-20 广西富凤农牧集团有限公司 A kind of chicken manure fermenting agent
CN110818499A (en) * 2019-11-26 2020-02-21 黑龙江八一农垦大学 Special corn premature senility prevention fertilizer and preparation method and application thereof
CN111484360A (en) * 2020-03-10 2020-08-04 三亚耀众农业发展有限公司 Fertilizer for planting non-transgenic pawpaw and fertilizing method
CN111492775A (en) * 2020-05-11 2020-08-07 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Fertilizing method for rotation system of winter wheat and summer corn

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