CN106172086A - A kind of beehive and the method for breeding of middle honeybee - Google Patents

A kind of beehive and the method for breeding of middle honeybee Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106172086A
CN106172086A CN201610507263.0A CN201610507263A CN106172086A CN 106172086 A CN106172086 A CN 106172086A CN 201610507263 A CN201610507263 A CN 201610507263A CN 106172086 A CN106172086 A CN 106172086A
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China
Prior art keywords
hive
beehive
side girders
honeybee
spleen
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CN201610507263.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周建慧
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周建慧
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Priority to CN201610507263.0A priority Critical patent/CN106172086A/en
Publication of CN106172086A publication Critical patent/CN106172086A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K47/00Beehives
    • A01K47/06Other details of beehives, e.g. ventilating devices, entrances to hives, guards, partitions or bee escapes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of beehive and the method for breeding of middle honeybee.This beehive includes hive, arranges Youchao frame in hive, and nest frame is made up of two side girders, tie-beam and Gu Piliang, the inwall connection that two side girders are relative with hive respectively;The two ends of tie-beam are connected respectively in two side girders, Gu spleen beam two ends are connected in two side girders, Gu the projection of the projection of spleen beam vertical direction and tie-beam vertical direction is misaligned.The method for breeding of middle honeybee uses this beehive.The present invention have simple to operate, efficiency is high, young honey spleen separates simplicity, and the Mel number of degrees are high, the measured advantage of matter.

Description

A kind of beehive and the method for breeding of middle honeybee
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of instrument raising insecticide and a kind of method for breeding, particularly relate to a kind of beehive and middle honeybee Method for breeding, belongs to raising field.
Background technology
Middle honeybee, also known as China honeybee, apis cerana, Discolia Vittifrons Sch., subspecies of Apidae Apis Eastern bee.It is that China is only Some Apis govern-house-varieties, are the main insect pollinators of the forest community based on weedtree tree and traditional agriculture, have utilization fragmentary Nectariferous plant, gather that power is strong, utilization rate is higher, honey harvest length and adaptability, anti-demodicid mite resistance against diseases strong, consume feedstuff and wait meaning big less The advantage that profit honeybee is incomparable, wide in distribution in China scope, it is especially suitable for Chinese Mountain Areas fixed point and raises.
The purpose of Chinese Bee Feeding is to obtain Mel, although apis cerana feeding management technique has with western honeybee feeding and management Many something in common, but owing to apis cerana has its peculiar life habit, on feeding and management method, it is necessary to more adapt to China's honey Some life habit of honeybee just can be achieved good results.Otherwise can cause unnecessary trouble, even can cause damage.Middle honeybee is A kind of biology tamed by the mankind the most completely, custom nature is made spleen, and is needed to build by extraneous honey powder source situation and internal growth The number of Nidus Vespae and size are the most different, and excessive manual operation can be disturbed the normal development of bee colony and cause and fly to escape.
Document CN 102524110A, discloses earth-pit movable frame raising method for bees;Document CN102960596A discloses leaching nest The processing method of Mel;Document CN103636526A disclose a kind of can conventional husbandry repeatedly movable-frame hive take honey middle honeybee raise dress Put and cultural method;But the soil using the movable-frame hive of septum and Apis naturally to make spleen is supported and cut both ways, movable-frame hive bee-keeping is to imitate meaning Honeybee movable-frame hive feeding manner honey extractor shakes and takes Mel, and it is to cut spleen to take honey that soil is supported, and those above feeding manner shortcoming is a lot: movable-frame hive Being substantially young spleen honey spleen not separate, divide immaturity Mel together to shake son spleen when shaking and taking Mel and take, the Mel number of degrees are low, Mel Of poor quality;The young spleen of lift-off Nidus Vespae impact is grown, and induces rotten young disease and occurs;Nidus Vespae cannot globulate, Apis can not preferably be wrapped up Young spleen regulation humiture, thus to disadvantage of reproduction.The foster nest of ruining of soil takes honey destruction Nidus Vespae, loses Apis surprise collection during big honey flow Storage area, reduce yield;When smashing filtration to pieces, pollen is mixed into Mel, and Mel clarity is low.Both the above method for breeding is grasped Make trouble efficiency low, it is difficult to a people supports more, it is impossible to realize large-scale cultivation, and Nidus Vespae is not entered by hive disclosed in above-mentioned document Row is made spleen and is guided, and causes comb shapes unordered, is unfavorable for the follow-up honey that takes, and when taking honey, honey spleen easily drops, and produces honey weak effect.Cause How this overcomes drawbacks described above, and improving product honey quality is the technical issues that need to address.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming drawbacks described above, the present invention provides a kind of beehive, and during this beehive does not hinders, honeybee makes spleen, can prevent when taking honey Honey spleen drops;The separation being conducive to honey spleen and Nidus Vespae takes honey, and in being beneficial to, honeybee hives off, and additionally can also facilitate and repeatedly take honey.
The concrete technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of beehive, and it includes hive, arranges Youchao frame in hive, and nest frame is by two Individual side girders, tie-beam and Gu Piliang composition, the inwall connection that two side girders are relative with hive respectively;The two of tie-beam End is connected respectively in two side girders, Gu spleen beam two ends are connected in two side girders, Gu the throwing of spleen beam vertical direction The projection of shadow and tie-beam vertical direction is misaligned.On nest frame, underbeam and Gu Piliang projection in vertical direction deviates, this Sample bee colony when longitudinally building Nidus Vespae will not by underbeam stop, bee colony of leaving is cooked Nidus Vespae voluntarily, and the introducing of Gu Piliang is permissible Nidus Vespae is built and guides, and the later stage take honey shake drive honeybee time, keep honey spleen fixedly secure on nest frame, will not fall Fall.
Further, hive is set to one or more, the plurality of hive highly consistent, it is possible to inconsistent.Multiple Hive can be with superposition and separation, convenient transport, is also convenient for growing the impetus according to bee colony and is extended beehive or hives off.
Further, hive is arranged with multiple nest frame in parallel.Multiple nest framves can be made spleen with centering honeybee and guide, and take Honey is convenient, improves product honey rate.
Further, Gu Piliang is many, thus reinforces Nidus Vespae further.
Further, it also includes underframe, secondary lid and case lid, wherein arranges Youchao door on underframe, it is simple to Apis turnover honeybee Case, secondary lid is frame structure, is provided with gap, it is simple to air circulates between secondary lid and case lid.
Further, described tie-beam includes upper beam and underbeam;Described upper beam and the junction point of side girders and underbeam and The junction point of side girders is to the centrage of equidirectional deviation side girders capwise;Or, described upper beam and the company of side girders The junction point of contact and underbeam and side girders is to the centrage of different directions deviation side girders capwise.
The present invention also provides for the method for breeding of a kind of middle honeybee, and the method utilizes above-mentioned beehive to raise, and it includes as follows Step:
(1) flower source is selected to be placed around beehive;
(2) in waiting, honeybee enters beehive voluntarily and nests, or is fixed on the Gu Piliang of hive by septum, or is fixed on by son's spleen On the Gu Piliang of hive;
(3) if only one of which hive, the most directly extraction nest frame, honeybee in expulsion, then take honey;If there being multiple hive, then exist Nidus Vespae is cut off by the junction at bottom the superiors' hive and second layer hive top, then takes out from described the superiors hive Take nest frame, honeybee in expulsion, then take honey.The method son's spleen separates simplicity with honey spleen, and the Mel number of degrees are high, and quality is good.
Further, after step (2) or (3), there is the growth impetus according to bee colony, increase the hive being positioned at bottom, Increase downwards hive, in order to honeybee quantity in increasing in bee colony, make more Mel.
Further, after step (3), if the superiors' hive of multilamellar hive is held away, then it is further added by one or more Superposed hive, the most upwards increases hive, in order to middle honeybee makes honey spleen again up, repeatedly takes honey.
Further, when hiving off, take out the young spleen of part, be transplanted in the hive of new beehive;Or take one layer of hive away, As one layer of hive in new beehive.
The invention have the advantage that efficiency simple to operate is high, young spleen separates simplicity with honey spleen, and the Mel number of degrees are high, and quality is good, right The no impact of young spleen, reproduction speed is fast, manages to change into by movable-frame hive be managed in units of hive in units of spleen, is greatly improved The efficiency of management.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is beehive structural representation;
Fig. 2 is hive structural representation;
Fig. 3 is nest shelf structure schematic diagram.
In figure, labelling is as follows: 1-underframe;2-nest door;3-hive;4-pair lid;5-case lid;6-nest frame;7-side girders;On 8- Beam;9-underbeam;10-Gu Piliang.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is specifically described by 1-3 below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Beehive includes underframe 1, secondary lid 4 and case lid 5, wherein arranges Youchao door 2 on underframe, it is simple to Apis turnover beehive, nest Door may be alternatively provided as the poroid shape waiting centre forward conveniently to pass in and out, and is provided with gap, it is simple to air between secondary lid 4 and case lid 5 Circulation.Beehive also includes that hive 3, hive 3 are pattern casing, and it is overlooked and master regards as rectangle, it is possible to be referred to as rectangular box, Certainly its vertical view of hive and main regarding can also be as circular or oval, i.e. round box or oval casing.Hive 3 is clamped on the end On frame 1, multiple hives 3 can be with vertical direction superposition, and the top of top layer hive is provided with secondary lid 4, and secondary lid 4 is provided with case lid 5.Single Or multiple hive 3 can also depart from underframe 1, secondary lid 4 and case lid 5 and be individually formed beehive.Hive arranges Youchao frame 6, nest frame 6 Being made up of two side girders 7, tie-beam and solid spleen beam 10, side girders 7 is that two panels size shape is identical in the present embodiment Plank, the inwall connection that two side girders 7 are relative with hive 3 respectively, the mode that face contact can be used to be fitted and connected is fixed on On described inwall, it is also possible to overlap joint or joggle are on described inwall;Respectively with two, tie-beam two ends side girders connects, tie-beam Can be one, tie-beam have employed upper beam 8 and the mode of underbeam 9 in the present embodiment, and upper beam and underbeam are square tube, on Beam 8 and underbeam about 9 be arranged in parallel and vertical with side girders 7, and certain upper beam 8 and underbeam 9 can not also be parallel to each other, it is also possible to Discord side girders is vertical, and the two ends of the two ends of upper beam 8 and underbeam 9 are respectively coupled in two side girders 7, Gu 10 liang of spleen beam End is connected in two side girders 7, Gu spleen beam 10 can be with upper and lower Liangping row, it is also possible to not parallel, but solid spleen beam 10 hangs down Nogata to projection and the projection of upper beam 8 vertical direction misaligned, Gu the projection of spleen beam 10 vertical direction and underbeam 9 vertical direction Projection the most misaligned, the most upper and lower beam and Gu Piliang projection in vertical direction deviates from each other, and such bee colony is in longitudinal construction Will not be stopped by upper and lower beam during Nidus Vespae, bee colony of leaving is cooked Nidus Vespae voluntarily.Gu spleen beam 10 can play the effect reinforcing Nidus Vespae, Nidus Vespae Can partly or entirely be wrapped up by Nidus Vespae gradually building the big rear spleen beam 10 admittedly of change.When bee colony growth potential rigidity of the nape strength, Nidus Vespae also can Partly or entirely wrap up tie-beam.
Side girders 7, tie-beam and solid spleen beam 10 in nest frame 6 can use the materials such as bamboo, timber, plastics, metal to make; Upper and lower beam can all deviate to side, it is also possible to different both sides deviations, but upper and lower beam should deviate Nidus Vespae centrage, no Stop Nidus Vespae vertical-growth.
Hive 3 is set to one or more, the plurality of hive 3 highly consistent, it is possible to inconsistent.Multiple hives 3 can With superposition and separation, convenient transport, it is also convenient for growing the impetus according to bee colony and beehive is extended or hives off.Such as, Nidus Vespae is worked as Be Man Houke up lower section superposition one layer or which floor, it is simple to continue to expand space, continue to be done nest by honeybee.Or need to hive off Time, one layer of hive 3 in the middle of extraction, as the hive of the place beehive of new bee colony.
Hive 3 is arranged with in parallel multiple nest frame 6, Gu spleen beam 10 is many, the projection of many solid spleen beam 10 vertical direction Can overlap can also be misaligned, can reinforce Nidus Vespae during coincidence, advantageously forms the multi-disc branch of Nidus Vespae time misaligned, but institute The projection having the projection of solid spleen beam 10 vertical direction and upper beam 8 vertical direction is misaligned, and the projection of underbeam 9 vertical direction is the most not Overlap.After ensureing to be fixed on solid spleen beam 10 septum, middle honeybee can vertically make spleen so that Nidus Vespae is not blocked by upper underbeam.Gu Spleen beam can make wire, the shape such as rope form or thin bar and structure, and every structure that can play reinforcing Nidus Vespae effect broadly falls into The Gu Piliang of the present invention.
The present invention also provides for the method for breeding of a kind of middle honeybee, and the method utilizes above-mentioned beehive to raise, and it includes as follows Step:
(1) select away from factory, mine, the secluded hillside of highway, hillslope or forest edge and near have water source and The local of Hua Yuan places beehive;
(2) in waiting, honeybee enters beehive voluntarily and nests, or is fixed on by septum on the solid spleen beam 10 of hive 3, or Nidus Vespae is solid Being scheduled on the Gu Piliang of hive, the described Gu Piliang in this step is preferably the solid spleen beam 10 of top layer hive.
(3) forming honey spleen when Mel is stored into top Nidus Vespae, if only one of which hive 3, then directly end walks hive 3, extracts nest Frame 6, honeybee in expulsion, by putting into centrifuging and taking honey machine with the nest frame 6 of honey spleen, take honey by centrifugal principle, it is also possible to tied by nest frame 6 Close other take honey machine carry out taking honey;If there being multiple hive 3, then bottom the superiors' hive and the junction at second layer hive top Nidus Vespae is cut off, such as, can cut with thin blade, then the hive 3 of the Duan Zou the superiors, extract nest frame 6, expulsion Middle honeybee, by putting into centrifuging and taking honey machine with the nest frame 6 of honey spleen, takes honey by centrifugal principle, it is also possible to nest frame 6 is combined other and takes Honey machine carries out taking honey.The method son's spleen separates simplicity with honey spleen, and the Mel number of degrees are high, and quality is good.
The growth impetus according to bee colony, it is also possible to increase hive 3 on underframe 1, in order to honeybee quantity in increasing in bee colony, Make more Mel.A top layer hive can also be further added by, in order to middle honeybee after the superiors' hive of multilamellar hive is held away Make honey spleen again up, repeatedly take honey;
When hiving off, if only one of which hive, then take out part Nidus Vespae, be preferably young spleen, be transplanted to the hive of new beehive In;If there being multiple hive, then taking a hive, preferably taking in other hives in addition to top layer hive away, as newly Beehive in a hive.
Movable-frame hive is taken honey method and is managed changing in units of spleen being managed in units of every layer of hive by the method, pole Improve greatly the efficiency of management and greatly improve the efficiency of management, this beehive can also conveniently realize artificial swarmming and manually educate king, its In artificial swarmming can also adopt with the following method: assign Nidus Vespae after being cut off by any one layer of hive, treat that Nidus Vespae mating is successfully Newly hive off.
It is pointed out that above-mentioned detailed description of the invention is only the citing to optimal technical scheme of the present invention, can not It is interpreted as limiting the scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a beehive, it includes hive, it is characterised in that: arranging Youchao frame in hive, nest frame is by two side girders, tie-beams And Gu Piliang composition, the inwall connection that two side girders are relative with hive respectively;The two ends of tie-beam are connected respectively to two In individual side girders, Gu spleen beam two ends are connected in two side girders, Gu the projection of spleen beam vertical direction is vertical with tie-beam The projection in direction is misaligned.
Beehive the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: hive is set to one or more.
Beehive the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: hive is arranged with in parallel multiple nest frame.
4. according to the beehive described in claim 1 or 3, it is characterised in that: Gu Piliang is many.
Beehive the most according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterised in that: it also includes underframe, secondary lid and case lid, wherein underframe On Youchao door is set.
Beehive the most according to claims 1 to 6, it is characterised in that: described tie-beam includes upper beam and underbeam;Described upper beam The centrage of side girders capwise is deviateed to equidirectional with the junction point of side girders and the junction point of underbeam and side girders; Or, described upper beam is vertical to different directions deviation side girders with the junction point of side girders with the junction point of side girders and underbeam The centrage of trend.
7. a method for breeding for honeybee in, the method utilizes a kind of beehive described in any one of claim 1-6 to raise, its It is characterised by: comprise the steps:
(1) flower source is selected to be placed around the beehive as described in any one of claim 1-6;
(2) in waiting, honeybee enters beehive voluntarily and nests, or is fixed on the Gu Piliang of hive by septum, or Nidus Vespae is fixed on hive Gu Piliang on;
(3) being stored into Nidus Vespae when Mel, if only one of which hive, the most directly extraction nest frame, honeybee in expulsion, then take honey;If having many Individual hive, then cut off Nidus Vespae with the junction at second layer hive top bottom the superiors' hive, then from described Upper strata hive extracts nest frame, honeybee in expulsion, then takes honey.
The method for breeding of a kind of middle honeybee the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: after step (2) or step (3), There is the step increasing downwards hive.
9. according to the method for breeding of a kind of middle honeybee described in claim 7 or 8, it is characterised in that: after step (3), if multilamellar The superiors' hive of hive is held away, then have the step upwards increasing hive.
This method for breeding of method for breeding of a kind of middle honeybee the most according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: to by middle honeybee Hive off, then, after step (2) or (3), there are following steps:
Take out part Nidus Vespae, be transplanted in the hive of new beehive;Or take one layer of hive away, as one layer in new beehive Hive.
CN201610507263.0A 2016-06-22 2016-06-22 A kind of beehive and the method for breeding of middle honeybee Pending CN106172086A (en)

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CN201610507263.0A CN106172086A (en) 2016-06-22 2016-06-22 A kind of beehive and the method for breeding of middle honeybee

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107094715A (en) * 2017-04-27 2017-08-29 赵学智 A kind of cultural method of middle honeybee
CN110338152A (en) * 2019-07-12 2019-10-18 曹义侠 A kind of bee raising method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107094715A (en) * 2017-04-27 2017-08-29 赵学智 A kind of cultural method of middle honeybee
CN110338152A (en) * 2019-07-12 2019-10-18 曹义侠 A kind of bee raising method

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