CN107094715A - A kind of cultural method of middle honeybee - Google Patents

A kind of cultural method of middle honeybee Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107094715A
CN107094715A CN201710286668.0A CN201710286668A CN107094715A CN 107094715 A CN107094715 A CN 107094715A CN 201710286668 A CN201710286668 A CN 201710286668A CN 107094715 A CN107094715 A CN 107094715A
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China
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honeybee
hive
section
bee
spleen
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CN201710286668.0A
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CN107094715B (en
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赵学智
赵冠臣
言天久
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赵学智
赵冠臣
言天久
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K47/00Beehives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K47/00Beehives
    • A01K47/02Construction or arrangement of frames for honeycombs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K47/00Beehives
    • A01K47/06Other details of beehives, e.g. ventilating devices, entrances to hives, guards, partitions or bee escapes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K53/00Feeding or drinking appliances for bees

Abstract

The invention belongs to bee raising technical field, and in particular to a kind of cultural method of middle honeybee.The Chinese honeybee apiculture method includes S1 and provides beehive;S2 crosses case;The management of S3 breeding periods;S4 bee colonies educate king;S5 swarmmings;S6 and group;S7 gathering honey;S8 bee colonies, which are aestivated, to pass the winter;The nursing of S9 bee colonies and antitheft honeybee;The honeybee prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control in S10;The sterilization of S11 beekeeping equipment devices;S12 unrest honeybee groups prevent and handled;S13 swarming fevers preventing and handle.The beehive that the present invention is provided is easy to observation bee colony, swarmming, merging, can help bee colony safe production in summer, and reduction flies to escape, and cool in summer and warm in winter, bee colony need not migrate, and adjustable point is raised;The yield and quality of honey can also be improved;Cultural method of the present invention can solve to exist during Chinese honeybee apiculture that group's gesture is small, the problem more than pest and disease damage.

Description

A kind of cultural method of middle honeybee
【Technical field】
The present invention relates to bee raising, and in particular to a kind of cultural method of middle honeybee.
【Background technology】
Apis cerana, also known as in honeybee, be a subspecies for Eastern bee, be the exclusive honeybee govern-house-variety of China, be with The main insect pollinator of forest community and traditional agriculture based on weedtree tree, has using fragmentary nectariferous plant, collection power is strong, utilize Rate is higher, honey harvest length and adaptability, anti-mite resistance against diseases are strong, and consumption feed waits the incomparable advantage of apis mellifera Linnaeus less, non- Often suitable Chinese Mountain Areas is raised.Apis cerana body body is smaller, and cephalothorax black, belly yellow black, whole body drapes over one's shoulders yellowish-brown fine hair.In Honeybee pectinid be head outwardly, belong to blowing-type pectinid, the air of outside be pressed into casing from nest door, moisture is dispersed in tank wall and forms Globule radiating moisturizing, therefore, in tradition in the habitat of honeybee, such as hole in the ground, the inwall of bucket case are often covered with the globule.Middle honeybee is Species are migrated, often because the reason such as Changes in weather, bee colony small and weak, scarce honey, enemy is migrated, it is difficult to pinpoint raising.
Traditional middle honeybee is raised to be raised or skeleton case raising using empty barrel case, movable-frame hive mostly.Empty barrel case can not in gathering honey The daily state of honeybee, easily causes and flies to escape in avoiding meeting heavy damage honeycomb and interrupting, while being supported using empty barrel rearing in box, it is difficult to see Situation in beehive, is difficult to observe bee colony state;Movable-frame hive raise because in honeybee it is top-down storage honey characteristic, can only cover with it is non- Capping honey is adopted together, and the quality of honey is not best, and its wall box is imported and exported provided with the honeybee that honeybee in supplying passes in and out, and recklessly The enemies such as honeybee, big night pretty young woman can also be imported and exported by this honeybee to be entered in beehive, steals the honey in it, or even kills worker bee, Besiege queen bee so that honeybee is destroyed overnight in one case, and the peasant household to Chinese Bee Feeding causes huge economic loss;Traditional beehive bottom Portion can accumulate honeycomb rubbish;One to the phase of aestivating, heat, beehive is dried, and often occurs hoary hair's pupa spleen, and queen to lay eggs is hatched not Go out, cause the disconnected son of bee colony, group's gesture diminishes, and movable-frame hive life is not suitable with again and flies to escape.Skeleton case is raised, and equally also can't resolve summer The problem of heat, and fixed honeycomb because with " well " font cutting, hindering bee colony and making spleen rule, honeycomb is disheveled in advance Together, Workflow escapes.Above-mentioned conventional husbandry beehive does not meet the habit of middle honeybee, easily causes economic loss to beekeeper.
Authorization Notice No. discloses a kind of Honeybee raising device, including nest for a kind of CN101766129B Chinese patent " beehive " Bottom seat, hive, yarn lid and the big lid of hive, hive base are located at hive bottom, and the big lid of hive is located at the top of hive, and yarn lid is located at Between hive and the big lid of hive;Hive is constituted by multiple points of hives are longitudinally connected, be each mounted in point hive support bar and Activity bar, point hive bottom, which is provided with, changes case mouthful;The bottom of point hive of the bottom sets and set on dismountable nest door-plate, nest door-plate Have into honeybee mouthful, that enters honeybee mouthful and point hive side of the bottom changes the corresponding connection of case mouthful, this point of hive opposite side change case mouth with The case mouthful that changes of each point of hive of top is sealed with sealing strip.The beehive solves existing middle honeybee and raises that honey output is low, honeybee Technical problem more than disease, but bee colony can not be solved aestivate and make the in disorder Zhong Feng Workflow of honeycomb caused by spleen after first interting interspersed bar The problem of escaping.
【The content of the invention】
The goal of the invention of the present invention is:In view of the above-mentioned problems, providing a kind of cultural method of middle honeybee, the Chinese honeybee apiculture Beehive is easy to observation bee colony, swarmming, merging, can help bee colony safe production in summer, and reduction flies to escape, and cool in summer and warm in winter, bee colony need not migrate, Adjustable point is raised;The yield and quality of honey can also be improved, the cultural method can solve there is group's gesture during Chinese honeybee apiculture It is small, the problem more than pest and disease damage.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
A kind of cultural method of middle honeybee, comprises the following steps method:
S1. beehive is provided, the beehive includes:Case lid, hive and seat ground section, the case lid are covered on the hive top Portion, hive section that the hive can be extracted freely by more than one superposition is constituted, and the hive section is hollow and up/down perforation, described Hive section is made of the thick planks of 1-3cm, is spaced apart in the two lateral walls of the hive section and is provided with more than one jack, Jack in two opposing sidewalls staggers setting, and in same level, the jack is used for interspersed bar;
The ground section top of sitting is connected with the hive, described to sit ground section bottom located at ground or be embedded in underground, the seat Provided with blocking honeybee net in ground section bottom, save hollow, the ground section side wall of sitting is provided with into honeybee mouthful the seat, it is described enter honeybee mouthful be located at Block the top of honeybee net;
It is described enter honeybee mouthful peripheral hardware Youchao door, the nest door includes a door frame, a platform and nest door active plugboard, the platform Side be connected with the side wall for sitting ground section, on the platform, the nest active plugboard is detachable for door frame installing Ground is installed on the door frame, and the nest door active plugboard has relative first side and second side, the nest door activity Plate also insertion is provided with first import and export and second import and export, and the cross-sectional area of the first import and export is more than second import and export, And compared with second import and export close to the first side, the first side and second side alternatively can connect with the platform Touch, enter honeybee mouthful and to close the second import and export with described to connect the first import and export, or connect the second import and export Enter honeybee mouthful and to close the first import and export with described;
The nest door active plugboard also insertion is provided with inserting hole, and the Chinese honeybee apiculture beehive also includes feeder, the feeding Feed device to be supported on the platform, the feeder includes feed bunk and storage food portion, the bottom in the storage food portion and feed bunk connect Logical, the feed bunk is removably inserted in the inserting hole, and the feed bunk is located in inserting hole, and the storage food portion, which is located at, wears Outside jack;
S2. case is crossed:Cross case using cutting spleen and crossing case method or cross case method using s.m.p spleen and cross case;Wherein, case method is crossed using cutting spleen When crossing case, increased the realization of beehive section on the beehive as obtained by step S1, it is described to cross that beehive section is hollow and up/down perforation, its On be inserted with three fixed strips, the opposite end of each fixed strip is plugged on the two lateral walls for crossing beehive section respectively On, three fixed strip parallel intervals set to constitute a Three-dimensional triangle body;The beehive section of crossing is stacked with the hive section Saved in sitting, and the beehive section of crossing can be extracted freely;
S3. the management of breeding period:Middle honeybee makes spleen, honeycomb vertical-growth, the big nest of group's gesture on the case lid to hive side The spleen length small compared with group's gesture is longer, therefore the size of bee colony gesture increases and decreases hive section in, and medium group's gesture puts 3-4 hive section, Groupuscule gesture puts 2-3 hive section, gives free rein to make spleen breeding;
S4. bee colony educates king:The docile bee colony royal cell of the strong love storage honey of selection health, stimulating feeding shifts to an earlier date nature to it and educated King, has drone to go out after nest, and case lid and hive are integrally placed on and put on tank tower, is easy to check royal cell situation, is educated depending on inspection result King works;
S5. swarmming:More than the full 3 hive sections of swarm breeding development, Wang Qun swarmmings are educated in selection;Swarmming method is:Selection The bee colony of 3-4 hive section is developed, when royal cell is ripe, hive has been divided into two groups, new address is moved on to respectively, and abolish old site i.e. Can;Or wait after bee colony separates naturally, cut most upper section hive section band honeybee and constitute new group, then remove all royal cells;
And group S6.:Bee colony or small and weak group to mating failure, merge before nectar flow, are integrated into strong group;And group side Method is:Remove after mating failure the royal cell suddenly made or to merge after the queen bee of group, darkness and be placed under hive section with blocking honeybee net, then Honeybee net, hive section and case lid will be blocked to be flipped up together, place and saved with sitting, then another hive section with Wang Qun will be moved It is online to honeybee is blocked, covered, merged by the smell at a night, the next morning, which removes, blocks honeybee net with another case lid, it is free to middle honeybee Gang up, remove the case lid saved with sitting, hive is saved with being placed on seat, hive section is suitably increased and decreased according to group's gesture;
S7. gathering honey:Interspersed bar is saved before cutting off the honey comb to second hive below case lid and carries out interspersed fixation, by interspersed bar Through the jack on the wall of side until propping up the madial wall of opposing sidewalls, interspersed bar is fixed on madial wall with beeswax, Ran Houzai The capping honey of first hive section below case lid is cut, while adding a section hive section in hive bottom, is followed in big nectar flow Ring obtains capping honey;
S8. bee colony, which is aestivated, passes the winter:Enter summer after middle honeybee spring honey harvesting, now mend and feed twice;Simultaneously honeybee box cover every Hot material is heat-insulated;Before daybreak and bee farm is observed after darkness in the morning, the toad for eating field bee is killed in time, nest door is installed in door frame Active plugboard prevents other enemy inlets harm bee colony such as wasp and big night pretty young woman;If there be nectar source in the external world, add saving with sitting Upper hive section develops by bee colony;During winter, if bee colony is small to put one piece of thermal-insulation baffle plate insulation for having duct at the top of saving with sitting;Institute Stating duct makes hive with sitting save and connect;
S9. the nursing of bee colony and antitheft honeybee:Feeder is inserted in inserting hole and fed, nest door active plugboard (12) is only protected Stay second import and export (14) to be passed in and out to middle honeybee, may insure that the natural enemies such as wasp can not be in the feeding period while reduction into outflow Honeybee is stolen, can also be fed daytime;Bee colony lack honey when carry out syrup supplementary feeding, or in breeding period in order to accelerate breeding carry out syrup prize Encourage feeding;
S10. the middle honeybee prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:A. the preventing and treating of honeybee disease:After annual bee colony is aestivated, the weeds around beehive are rooted out, Make beehive aeration-drying, while debris rubbish in cleaning box;Chemoprophylaxis is periodically fed, one week of continuous feeding during sick group is found To larva capping;New hive is changed when serious, sick group's hive is then moved on to nest in front of the door, then cuts the honeycomb of healthy group to new hive On, shake off the middle honeybee of disease group's hive to new spleen thereon, be sprayed at dusk with medicine in beehive;The choice of drug chloramphenicol or soil Mycin, the application method of feeding is that medicine addition syrup is diluted into the feeding of the unit centering honeybees of 10-20 ten thousand, is sprayed in use, medicine Thing content, which adds, to be twice;
B. the preventing and treating of enemy:Preventing and treating to toad, wasp and big night pretty young woman is carried out by step S8, and the preventing and treating to termite passes through company The continuous termite obliterated in travel line is two or three times;Or in bee farm look-around ant cave and set medicine trapping;
S11. the sterilization of beekeeping equipment device:After beekeeping equipment is rinsed well with clear water, fine day is put outdoor continuous and is exposed to the sun;After feeder use Periodic cleaning is clean;
What S12. random honeybee was rolled into a ball prevents and handles:What a. random honeybee was rolled into a ball prevents:Bee farm controls bee colony at 35-45 groups, crosses every during case Secondary 1-2 groups mistake;Strengthen bee farm management simultaneously, prevent pest and disease damage;B. the processing of random honeybee group:It was found that queen bee surrounded by worker bee it is small Overcome difficulties as early as possible after honeybee ball;Method is:The long cylinder of hand thumbnail size is rolled into thin iron net, seal one it is standby, around bee farm The random honeybee group of one is formed in searching one by one, slowly injects in honeybee group sound out whether have chalcid fly ball with finger after finding, if so, then Whole chalcid fly ball is put into standby small cylinder, sealed;After the worker bee for partly flying to escape flies back former case, just equipped with chalcid fly group Small cylinder move on to below honeycomb and be fixed in honeybee road, will if no worker bee surrounds queen bee until check small cylinder in the evening Small cylinder is untied, and releases queen bee;The dusk whole audience, which is mended, on the day of the generation of random honeybee group fed syrup stable bee colony, to second day or the 3rd Its bee colony for flying to escape again quickly leaves bee farm to it;
S13. swarming fever preventing and handles:The preventing from using of swarming fever cut sub- spleen supplement small and weak group treatment, one point for Two swarmming factures or releasing swarming fever method of cutting off the honey comb;
It is described cut sub- spleen and supplement small and weak group treatment be:When bee farm starts to occur drone, find and educate Wang Qun, cut in the dusk Wang Qun spleen is educated to small and weak group;
The swarmming facture that is divided into two is:After aging royal cell occurs in bee colony, honeybee is divided into two groups, side with hive section Method is:The sweet spleen of bee colony 2/3rds is extracted, Lao Wang is taken away, 150 meters from former address or so of the sweet spleen group of place composition is moved on to;It is remaining Part is in addition to aging royal cell is retained, and remaining whole is extracted, and moves on to several meters from the former address reverse places of nest door and constitutes sub- spleen group, sub- spleen Group artificial feeding supports new honeybee in ten evenings, and former address is recovered again after new king's mating of aging royal cell is successful;
It is described cut off the honey comb releasing swarming fever method be:Being cut off the honey comb before swarmming makes honeycomb without storage honey to alleviate swarming fever;
Processing method after swarming fever occurs is:Occur after swarming fever, manually to its again swarmming once to weaken noisy point The mood of honeybee, then checks all royal cells of removing.
In the present invention, further, in step S1, the hive section be in cubic, a height of 250-270mm of its length and width × 180-220mm×60-100mm。
In the present invention, further, in step S1, the first import and export is slot, the first import and export A height of 4.4-4.6mm, the second import and export is circular hole, and the radius of the second import and export is 2.3-2.5mm.
In the present invention, further, in step S1, the material for sitting ground section is plastics, timber, brick or concrete.
In the present invention, further, open above the feed bunk in step S1, the open-mouth is provided with square, so that Honeybee sucks and will not fall into feed bunk in the open-mouth, and the length of the square is less than the open length, with The opposite sides formation opening of the square, to allow honeybee to be entered to from the opening in feeder.
In the present invention, further, in step S2, it is described cut spleen and cross case method be:A. gently tap old beehive, make bee colony by Shy from spleen, quick unpack all cuts spleen, and the sub- spleen cut is lain on flat board, and sub- spleen has been cut by 80-100 millimeters of height, its Remaining sub- spleen is removed;B. it is fixed on beehive section is crossed on case lid, then the sub- spleen cut was injected in beehive section, insertion is fixed Bar, makes sub- spleen connect;Mix up sub- spleen spacing stand-by;C. after bee colony entered beehive nodule group, save with gently being moved to seat Near, 1-2 hive section is put saving with sitting, nest door is shut, beehive section will be quickly crossed and is buckled on hive section, treated outside beehive section Scattered honeybee open nest door when flying to look for nest door, scattered honeybee enters nest and the remaining honeybee of old beehive is shaken off in nest door nearby behind the door, such as discovery queen bee Outside new case, to grab king and be put into from nest door;Heat-barrier material is put on case lid, upper ballast is fixed.
In the present invention, further, in step S2, the s.m.p spleen crosses case method and is:Case lid is covered on hive, it is fixed Sealing, towards smearing honey below the case lid of hive side, during the honeybee group grabbed back is shaken off to seat to save, then hive is buckled in Sit on ground section, nest door is clogged with green grass, treat that middle honeybee climbs up hive conglomeration, open nest Men Rangzhong honeybees and recognize nest, middle honeybee can be to hive The case lid of side makes spleen, realizes that s.m.p spleen crosses case.
In summary, by adopting the above-described technical solution, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
(1) the hive section that the hive that the present invention is provided can be extracted freely by more than one is constituted, and is easy to extraction hive section to enter Row observation bee colony, swarmming, merging, no matter group's gesture size, can be raised, and hive section is made of the thick planks of 1-3cm, plank matter Gently, it is convenient to extract hive section, and 1-3cm thickness is suitable, summer can be heat-insulated, and winter can be warming;Will sit ground section bottom directly with Ground contacts or is embedded in underground, make ground cold air save with being delivered to seat in, summer can reduce hive few, so that bee colony declines Save, enjoy the cool saving interior radiating with sitting to seat, moisturizing cooling solves dry, hot in summer case and causes bee pupa to be suffocated and ovum It can not hatch the problem of causing disconnected sub-, help bee colony safe production in summer, reduction flies to escape, swarmming, conjunction are easy in hive and the section combination of seat ground And, cool in summer and warm in winter, bee colony need not be migrated, and adjustable point is raised.In addition, the increase and decrease of hive section, is carried for the yield and quality of honey Rising plays the role of very big, and honeybee is stored on top and honey and covered, and capping honey can be obtained by extracting the honeycomb of top hive section, be improved Honey quality, while slicing off after hive section, a section hive section can be added in hive bottom, can be circulated in big nectar flow Capping honey is obtained, honey output and quality is greatly improved.
(2) nest of the invention door active plugboard is vdiverse in function, and when usual, bee activity frequency is larger, and output is larger, can By nest door active plugboard insertion door frame and so that first side is in contact with platform, now, first import and export connects with Vomitory Logical, the width of honeybee is 4mm or so in adult, and honeybee can be interior from the larger first import and export in cross section into save with sitting, and recklessly Other enemies such as honeybee, big night pretty young woman are larger due to volume, can not pass through, and effectively prevent enemy from entering harm bee colony in cartonning;Feeding When, the motion frequency of honeybee is smaller, and output is less, nest door active plugboard can be inserted into door frame and cause second side and platform It is in contact, now, second import and export, inserting hole are connected with Vomitory, and feed bunk is removably inserted in into inserting hole, it is convenient Fed in nest door, honeybee can enter from the less second import and export in cross section save with sitting in, and wasp, big night pretty young woman etc. other Enemy is larger due to volume, can not pass through, and effectively prevents enemy from entering harm bee colony in cartonning, prevents that stealing honeybee steals food, is lacking honey Phase, supplementary feeding can be also carried out even if daytime, prevent bee colony from being migrated because lacking honey.The motion frequency of different periods honeybee is differed, and is led to Cross reverse nest door active plugboard and control the first import and export, the size of second import and export, honeybee imports and exports size in can be achieved Adjustment, and then honeybee enters outflow in adjusting, and effectively prevents enemy, moreover it is possible to antitheft honey, anti-harmful animal, convenient to feed honeybee, solves to lack Sweet daytime phase can not supplementary feeding the problem of.
(3) be spaced apart in hive section opposing sidewalls of the present invention is used for interspersed bar, two provided with more than one jack Jack in opposing sidewalls staggers setting, and interspersed bar treats that bee colony makes spleen breeding, interts again after starting storage honey, bee colony is made spleen whole Together, interspersed fixation is carried out before cutting off the honey comb to second hive section, the jack that one end of interspersed bar is each passed through on the wall of side is until support One end that interspersed bar props up madial wall is fixed on madial wall with beeswax, is then cut again by the firmly madial wall of opposing sidewalls, middle honeybee The capping honey of one hive section, solving skeleton case and first intert to make spleen afterwards and hinder to make spleen because first interspersed causes honeycomb in disorder not Neat the problem of, honeybee ecosystem makes spleen characteristic in maintenance, and then avoids the winged of middle honeybee from escaping, moreover, interspersed bar is only needed guiding through on one side Jack on the wall of side, then passes through the madial wall that honeycomb props up opposing sidewalls, without device to hole, convenient interspersed.
(4) square on feed bunk of the present invention, is easy to honeybee to suck and will not fall into feed bunk in open-mouth;Square Opposite sides formation opening, is easy to honeybee to enter from the opening in feeder, honeybee has been sucked after food on square, can be from this Opening is entered in feeder, the food remained in feeder is sucked totally, it is to avoid mouldy, clean hygiene, can also be reduced The number of times of cleaning, convenient use.
(5) present invention crosses the fixed strip energy stator spleen of beehive section, facilitates case, three fixed strips spatially triangle body, Fixed effect can be improved, while crossing after case, the function of realizing hive section can be left by crossing beehive section, need not be further taken out after case is crossed Beehive section is crossed, swarmming success rate is improved.
(6) Chinese honeybee apiculture method of the invention, collects the advantages of movable-frame hive raising, conventional husbandry and little chap's rearing in box are supported in one Body, it is consistent that methods described can make bee colony be maintained at the life habit in natural environment, it is possible to resolve there is group during Chinese honeybee apiculture Gesture is small, the problem more than pest and disease damage.
【Brief description of the drawings】
Fig. 1 is a kind of overall structure diagram of Chinese honeybee apiculture beehive of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the mplifying structure schematic diagram of hive section in a kind of Chinese honeybee apiculture beehive of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the mplifying structure schematic diagram saved with sitting in a kind of Chinese honeybee apiculture beehive of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the mplifying structure schematic diagram that honeybee net is blocked in a kind of Chinese honeybee apiculture beehive of the invention.
Fig. 5 is a kind of mplifying structure schematic diagram of Chinese honeybee apiculture beehive middle entrance of the invention.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of feeder in a kind of Chinese honeybee apiculture beehive of the invention.
Fig. 7 is the mplifying structure schematic diagram of mistake beehive section in a kind of Chinese honeybee apiculture beehive of the invention.
Main Reference Numerals explanation in figure:
1- case lids, 2- hive sections, 3- sits ground section, and 4- intert bar, the lifting ears of 5- first, 6- jacks, and 7- blocks honeybee net, 8- nests, 9- platforms, 10- enters honeybee mouthful, and 11- door frames, 12- nests door active plugboard, 13- inserting holes, 14- second import and exports, 15- first is passed in and out Mouthful, 16- storage foods portion, 17- feed bunks, 18- openings, 19- squares, 20- crosses beehive section, the lifting ears of 21- second, 22- fixed strips.
【Embodiment】
The present invention is described further with accompanying drawing with reference to embodiments, but is not limitation of the invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of cultural method of middle honeybee, comprises the following steps method:
S1., beehive is provided:
Such as Fig. 1-7, including case lid 1, hive and seat save 3.The case lid 1 is covered at the top of the hive, the hive The superposition of hive section 2 that can be freely extracted by more than one is constituted, and bee colony makes spleen from the case lid 1 toward hive section 2, makes the case lid 1 and the hive section 2 be connected as a single entity.It is easy to the bee colony from bottom by extracting hive section 2, is easy to by extracting hive section 2 Carry out swarmming and merging.First lifting ear 5 is respectively provided with each two lateral walls of hive section 2, hive section 2 is conveniently carried, is easy to Add and subtract the number of hive section 2.It is spaced apart on the relative two side walls of the hive section 2 and is provided with more than one jack 6, two opposite sides Jack 6 on wall staggers setting, and in same level.The jack 6 is used for interspersed bar 4, and the interspersed bar 4 is treated Bee colony interts again after making spleen breeding storage honey, bee colony is made spleen neatly, before cutting off the honey comb, interspersed to second hive section progress to fix, will Jack 6 that one end of interspersed bar 4 is each passed through on the wall of side is until prop up the madial wall of opposing sidewalls, and middle honeybee is with beeswax by interspersed bar Madial wall is fixed in 4 one end for propping up madial wall, and the capping honey of first hive section is then cut again, skeleton case is solved and first interts After make spleen and hinder to make spleen because first interting and cause honeybee ecosystem in the problem of honeycomb is disheveled neat, maintenance to make spleen characteristic, enter And avoid the winged of middle honeybee from escaping, moreover, the interspersed bar 4 only needs guiding through the jack 6 on an avris wall, then pass through honeycomb and prop up phase The madial wall of offside wall, it is convenient interspersed without device to hole.The hive section 2 is hollow and up/down perforation, and the hive section 2 uses 2cm Thick plank is made, plank light weight, convenient to extract hive section 2, and the thickness of 2cm planks is suitable, and summer can be heat-insulated, and winter can protect It is warm.In the present embodiment, the hive section 2 is in cubic, a height of 260mm × 200mm of its length and width × 80mm, the nest The size of case section 2 meets the middle sweet characteristic of honeybee storage, big nectar source and small nectar source can be taken into account, if the hive section 2 is too high, with regard to nothing during small nectar source Method adopts full capping honey, influences honey quality, the hive section 2 is too short, honey of still being had a surplus after cutting off the honey comb, influences foraging quantity, the nest Case section 2 is oversize or too wide, and bee colony makes spleen not trunkful section, and the hive section 2 is too short or too narrow, insufficient space, hinders production honey, influence Honey amount.The hive is connected with the ground section 3 of sitting.
The ground section 3 of sitting is in cubic, a height of 260mm × 200mm of its length and width × 320mm.Save 3 materials and be in the seat ground Plastics.The ground section 3 and hive junction sat removably has a thermal-insulation baffle plate in duct, the duct make the hive and Sit ground section connection, free shuttling between middle honeybee can be saved in the hive and the seat, when the thermal-insulation baffle plate is used in the winter time Place, can be hive insulation, save 3 cold air with preventing the seat pours in the hive.Ground 3 bottoms of section of sitting are set In ground or underground is embedded in, the cold air on ground is saved in 3 with being delivered to seat, summer can be reduced hive section 2, so that bee colony declines To saving with sitting, radiating in 3 is saved in seat and is enjoyed the cool, moisturizing cooling solves dry, hot in summer case and causes bee pupa to be suffocated and ovum It can not hatch the problem of causing disconnected sub-, help bee colony safe production in summer, reduction flies to escape, hive and seat ground section 3 are combined, cool in summer and warm in winter, Bee colony need not be migrated, and adjustable point is raised.Described to sit provided with honeybee net 7 is blocked in ground 3 bottoms of section, the honeybee net 7 that blocks is on ground At 5cm, it can prevent honeybee from being contacted with ground, and the globule in beehive can also fall earthward toward flowing down beneficial to the rubbish in case, Keep clean hygiene in case.
The ground section 3 of sitting is hollow, and the ground 3 side walls of section of sitting are provided with into honeybee mouthful 10, are easy to bee colony to pass in and out.It is described enter honeybee mouthful 10 peripheral hardware Youchao doors 8, are easy to bee colony to recognize nest.The nest door 8 includes a door frame 11, a platform 9 and nest door active plugboard 12.Institute The side of platform 9 is stated to be connected with the 3 side wall of saving with sitting.The door frame 11 is substantially in " П " type, including two side plates and company Connect the top plate of described two side plate the same sides.Two sides of the side plate away from the top plate are installed on the platform 9.It is described Door frame 11 and platform 9 surround jointly one with it is described enter the Vomitory that connects of honeybee mouthfuls 10.The nest door active plugboard 12 has phase To first side and second side, nest door active plugboard 12 be removably installed on the door frame 11, be specially:Described two Chute is correspondingly provided with individual side plate.In the present embodiment, the chute vertically extends.The nest door active plugboard 12 Opposite sides be slidably inserted in the chute of the side plate respectively, and first side and second side can alternatively with institute Platform 9 is stated to contact.The nest door active plugboard 12 also insertion is provided with first import and export 15 and second import and export 14, first import and export 15 cross-sectional area is more than second import and export 14, and compared with second import and export 14 close to the first side.In the present embodiment, The quantity of first import and export 15 is two, and two parallel intervals of first import and export 15 are set, each first import and export 15 it is transversal Face is rectangular-shaped, a height of 4.5mm of each first import and export 15.The quantity of second import and export 14 is two, two second turnover Mouth 14 is arranged at intervals, and the cross section of each second import and export 14 is circle, and the radius of each second import and export 14 is 2.4mm.It is flat Chang Shi, bee activity frequency is larger, and output is larger, can by nest door active plugboard 12 insert door frame 11 and cause first side with Platform 9 is in contact, now, and first import and export 15 is located at the lower section of second import and export 14 and connected with Vomitory, honeybee in adult Width for 4mm or so, honeybee can enter from the larger first import and export 15 in cross section save in 3 with sitting, and wasp, big night pretty young woman It Deng other enemies because volume is larger, can not pass through, effectively prevent enemy from entering harm bee colony in cartonning;During feeding, the work of honeybee Dynamic frequency is smaller, and output is less, nest door active plugboard 12 can be inserted into door frame 11 and so that second side connects with platform 9 Touch, now, second import and export 14 be located at first import and export 15 lower section and connected with Vomitory, honeybee can from cross section compared with Small second import and export 14, which enters, sits in ground section 3, and other enemies such as wasp, big night pretty young woman are larger due to volume, can not pass through, Effectively prevent enemy from entering harm bee colony in cartonning.The motion frequency of different periods honeybee is differed, and is inserted by reverse nest door activity Plate 12 and the control first import and export 15, the size of second import and export 14, honeybee imports and exports the adjustment of size in can be achieved, and then Honeybee enters outflow in adjustment, and effectively prevents enemy.
The also insertion of nest door active plugboard 12 is provided with inserting hole 13.In the present embodiment, inserting hole 13 enters positioned at two second Between outlet 14 and insertion second side.The Chinese honeybee apiculture beehive also includes feeder, and the feeder is located at the platform On 9.The feeder includes feed bunk 17 and storage food portion 16, and the feed bunk 17 and storage food portion 16 are interconnected, the feeding Groove 17 is removably inserted in the inserting hole 13, convenient to be fed in nest door, prevents that stealing honeybee steals food, is lacking the sweet phase, even if in vain It can also carry out supplementary feeding, prevent bee colony from being migrated because lacking honey.The top of feed bunk 17 is open, and the open-mouth is provided with square 19, it is easy to honeybee to suck and will not fall into feed bunk 17 in open-mouth;The length of the square 19 is less than the open length Degree, with the opposite sides of the square 19 formation opening 18, to allow honeybee to be entered to from the opening 18 in feeder.Honey After honeybee has sucked food on square 19, it can be entered to from the opening 18 in feeder, the food remained in feeder is sucked Totally, it is to avoid mouldy, clean hygiene, can also reduce the number of times of cleaning, convenient use.During feeding, the motion frequency of honeybee compared with Small, output is less, and nest door active plugboard 12 is inserted into door frame 11 and so that second side is in contact with the platform 9, Now, the second import and export 14, inserting hole 13 are connected with the Vomitory, and the feed bunk 17 is removably inserted in The inserting hole 13, honeybee is merely able to enter from the less second import and export 14 in cross section and saved in 3 with sitting, and wasp, big night pretty young woman It Deng other enemies because volume is larger, can not pass through, effectively prevent enemy from entering harm bee colony in cartonning, prevent that stealing honeybee steals food, Lack the honey phase, supplementary feeding can be also carried out even if daytime, prevent bee colony from being migrated because lacking honey, and simultaneously honeybee can be controlled to enter outflow.
S2. case is crossed:Case is crossed using cutting spleen and crossing case method;It increased beehive section 20 on beehive as obtained by step S1 real It is existing;It is described to cross the hollow and up/down perforation of beehive section 20, be inserted with three fixed strips 22 thereon, each fixed strip 22 it is relative Two ends are plugged in the two lateral walls of beehive section 20 excessively respectively, and three fixed strips 22 parallel interval sets to constitute One Three-dimensional triangle body;The beehive section 20 excessively saves 3 with being stacked in seat with the hive section 2, and the mistake beehive section 20 can be free Extract;It is described cut spleen and cross case method be specially:A. old beehive is gently tapped, makes bee colony frightened from spleen, quick unpack all cuts spleen, cuts The sub- spleen obtained is lain on flat board, has cut sub- spleen by 80-100 millimeters of height, remaining sub- spleen is removed;B. beehive section excessively 20 are fixed on case lid 1, then the sub- spleen cut was injected in beehive section 20, insert fixed strip 22, sub- spleen is connected;Mix up son Spleen spacing is stand-by;C. after bee colony entered the conglomeration of beehive section 20, save near 3 with gently being moved to seat, saved with sitting on 3 1-2 hive section 2 is put, nest door 8 is shut, beehive section 20 will be quickly crossed and is buckled on hive section 2, treated that the scattered honeybee outside beehive section 20 flew Nest door 8 is opened when looking for nest door 8, scattered honeybee shakes off the remaining honeybee of old beehive near nest 8 after entering nest door 8, such as finds queen bee new Outside case, to grab king and be put into from nest door 8;Asbestos shingle is put on case lid 1, upper pressure brick is fixed.
S3. the management of breeding period:Middle honeybee makes spleen, honeycomb vertical-growth, the big nest of group's gesture on the case lid 1 to hive side The spleen length small compared with group's gesture is longer, therefore the size of bee colony gesture increases and decreases hive section 2 in, and medium group's gesture puts 3-4 hive section 2, groupuscule gesture puts 2-3 hive section 2, gives free rein to make spleen breeding;
S4. bee colony educates king:The docile bee colony royal cell of the strong love storage honey of selection health, stimulating feeding shifts to an earlier date nature to it and educated King, has drone to go out after nest, and case lid 1 and hive are integrally placed on and put on tank tower, is easy to check royal cell situation, is educated depending on inspection result King works;
S5. swarmming:When the full 3 hive sections more than 2 of swarm breeding development, Wang Qun swarmmings are educated in selection;Swarmming method is:Selection The bee colony of 3-4 hive section 2 is developed, when royal cell is ripe, hive has been divided into two groups, new address is moved on to respectively, and abolish old site ;Or wait after bee colony separates naturally, cut most upper section hive section 2 and constitute new group with honeybee, then remove all royal cells;
And group S6.:Bee colony or small and weak group to mating failure, merge before nectar flow, are integrated into strong group;And group side Method is:Remove after mating failure the royal cell suddenly made or to merge after the queen bee of group, darkness and be placed under hive section 2 with blocking honeybee net 7, so After will block honeybee net 7, hive section 2 and case lid 1 and be flipped up together, place and saved with sitting on 3, then another is carried Wang Qun nest Case section 2, which is moved on to, to be blocked on honeybee net 7, is covered with another case lid 1, is merged by the smell at a night, the next morning, which removes, blocks honeybee net 7, Freely ganged up to middle honeybee, remove the case lid 1 saved with sitting on 3, hive is saved on 3 with being placed on seat, hive is suitably increased and decreased according to group's gesture Section 2;
S7. gathering honey:Interspersed fixation is carried out with interspersed bar 4 to the second hive section 2 in the lower section of case lid 1 before cutting off the honey comb, by interspersed bar 4 Through the jack 6 on the wall of side until prop up the madial wall of opposing sidewalls, interspersed bar 4 is fixed on madial wall with beeswax, so The capping honey of the lower section first of case lid 1 hive section 2 is cut again afterwards, while a section hive section 2 is added in hive bottom, in big honey flow Phase circulation obtains capping honey;
S8. bee colony, which is aestivated, passes the winter:Enter summer after middle honeybee spring honey harvesting, now mend and feed twice;Simultaneously on beehive coping stone Cotton watt;Before daybreak and bee farm is observed after darkness in the morning, the toad for eating field bee is killed in time, nest door activity is installed in door frame 11 Plate 12 prevents other enemy inlets harm bee colony such as wasp and big night pretty young woman;If there be nectar source in the external world, add saving with sitting on 3 Upper hive section 2 allows bee colony to develop;During winter, bee colony is small, and one piece of thermal-insulation baffle plate insulation for having duct is put saving 3 tops with sitting;Institute Stating duct makes hive with sitting save 3 and connect;
S9. the nursing of bee colony and antitheft honeybee:Feeder 17 is inserted into feeding in inserting hole 13, makes nest door active plugboard 12 Retain second import and export 14 to pass in and out to middle honeybee, may insure that the natural enemies such as wasp can not be in the feeding period while reduction into outflow Honeybee is stolen, can also be fed daytime;Bee colony lack honey when carry out syrup supplementary feeding, or in breeding period in order to accelerate breeding carry out syrup prize Encourage feeding;
S10. the middle honeybee prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:A. the preventing and treating of honeybee disease:After annual bee colony is aestivated, the weeds around beehive are rooted out, Make beehive aeration-drying, while debris rubbish in cleaning box;Chemoprophylaxis is periodically fed, one week of continuous feeding during sick group is found To larva capping;New hive is changed when serious, then sick group's hive is moved on to before nest door 8, then cuts the honeycomb of healthy group to new nest On case, shake off the middle honeybee of disease group's hive to new spleen thereon, be sprayed at dusk with medicine in beehive;The choice of drug chloramphenicol or Terramycin, the application method of feeding be medicine addition syrup is diluted to the feeding of the unit centering honeybees of 10-20 ten thousand, spraying in use, Medicament contg, which adds, to be twice;
B. the preventing and treating of enemy:Preventing and treating to toad, wasp and big night pretty young woman is carried out by step S8, and the preventing and treating to termite passes through company The continuous termite obliterated in travel line is two or three times;Or in bee farm look-around ant cave and set medicine trapping;
S11. the sterilization of beekeeping equipment device:After beekeeping equipment is rinsed well with clear water, fine day is put outdoor continuous and is exposed to the sun;After feeder use Periodic cleaning is clean;
What S12. random honeybee was rolled into a ball prevents and handles:What a. random honeybee was rolled into a ball prevents:Bee farm controls bee colony at 35-45 groups, crosses every during case Secondary 1-2 groups mistake;Strengthen bee farm management simultaneously, prevent pest and disease damage;B. the processing of random honeybee group:It was found that queen bee is besieged into by worker bee Need to overcome difficulties as early as possible after chalcid fly ball;Method is:The long cylinder of hand thumbnail size is rolled into thin iron net, standby, a random honeybee is sealed During group, the random honeybee group of one is formed in searching one by one around bee farm, and whether slowly inject to sound out in honeybee group with finger after finding has Chalcid fly ball, if then whole chalcid fly ball is put into standby small cylinder, is sealed;Treat that worker bee that part flies to escape is flown back former case Afterwards, just it is fixed on honeycomb lower section is moved on to equipped with the small cylinder that chalcid fly is rolled into a ball in honeybee road, until check small cylinder in the evening, if do not had Worker bee surrounds queen bee and illustrates that the bee colony and queen bee are same a group honeybees, and small cylinder is untied, and releases queen bee;Working as generation is rolled into a ball in random honeybee Its dusk whole audience, which is mended, feeds syrup stable bee colony, and quickly bee farm is left to it to the bee colony that flies for second day or the 3rd day to escape again;
S13. swarming fever preventing and handles:The preventing of swarming fever supplements small and weak group treatment using cutting sub- spleen;
It is described cut sub- spleen and supplement small and weak group treatment be:When bee farm starts to occur drone, find and educate Wang Qun, cut in the dusk Wang Qun spleen is educated to small and weak group;
Processing method after swarming fever occurs is:Occur after swarming fever, manually to its again swarmming once to weaken noisy point The mood of honeybee, then checks all royal cells of removing.
Embodiment 2
Chinese honeybee apiculture beehive in the Chinese honeybee apiculture method of the present embodiment, its beehive structure used and embodiment 1 is substantially Identical, difference is:Hive section 2 described in the present embodiment is made of the thick planks of 1cm, the length, width and height of the hive section 2 For 250mm × 180mm × 60mm, save the 3 a height of 250mm × 180mm of length and width × 300mm the seat.It is described to sit ground 3 materials of section Matter is timber, and the honeybee net 7 that blocks is at 4cm on ground, and the height of the first import and export 15 is 4.6mm, and described second enters The radius of outlet 14 is equal 2.5mm, and three fixed strips 22 parallel interval sets to constitute a three-dimensional equilateral triangle body.
Other cultivation steps are roughly the same with the Chinese honeybee apiculture step in embodiment 1, and difference is:In step S2, Case method is crossed using s.m.p spleen, the s.m.p spleen crosses case method and is:Case lid 1 is covered on hive, fixing seal, towards hive one The case lid 1 of side smears honey below, and the honeybee group grabbed back is shaken off to seat to save in 3, then hive is saved on 3 with being buckled in seat, with green grass or young crops Grass clogs nest door 8, treats that middle honeybee climbs up hive conglomeration, opens nest Men Rangzhong honeybees and recognizes nest, middle honeybee can be in the case lid 1 to hive side Spleen is made, realizes that s.m.p spleen crosses case.
Embodiment 3
Chinese honeybee apiculture beehive in the Chinese honeybee apiculture method of the present embodiment, its beehive structure used and embodiment 1 is substantially Identical, difference is:Hive section 2 described in the present embodiment is made of the thick planks of 3cm, the length, width and height of the hive section 2 For 270mm × 220mm × 100mm, save the 3 a height of 270mm × 220mm of length and width × 340mm the seat.It is described to sit ground 3 materials of section Matter is brick, and the honeybee net 7 that blocks is at 6cm on ground, and the height of the first import and export 15 is 4.4mm, and described second enters The radius of outlet 14 is equal 2.3mm, and three fixed strips 22 parallel interval sets to constitute a three-dimensional right angle trigonometry body.
Other cultivation steps are roughly the same with the Chinese honeybee apiculture step in embodiment 1, and difference is:In step S13 Using being divided into two, swarmming facture prevents swarming fever, and method is:After aging royal cell occurs in bee colony, with hive section 2 honeybee point Into two groups, method is:The sweet spleen of bee colony 2/3rds is extracted, Lao Wang is taken away, 150 meters from former address or so of place composition honey is moved on to Spleen group;Remaining part is in addition to aging royal cell is retained, and remaining whole is extracted, and moves on to the reverse place composition of several meters from former address nest doors 8 Sub- spleen group, sub- spleen group artificial feeding supports new honeybee in ten evenings, and former address is recovered again after new king's mating of aging royal cell is successful.
Embodiment 4
Chinese honeybee apiculture beehive in the Chinese honeybee apiculture method of the present embodiment, its beehive structure used and embodiment 2 is substantially Identical, difference is:It is concrete that ground 3 materials of section are sat described in the present embodiment, and three fixed strips 22 parallel interval is set Put to constitute a solid irregular triangle body.
Other cultivation steps are roughly the same with the Chinese honeybee apiculture step in embodiment 1, and difference is:In step S13 Swarming fever method is released using cutting off the honey comb prevents swarming fever, and method makes honeycomb to cut off the honey comb before swarmming without storage honey to alleviate swarming fever;
Described above is the detailed description for the present invention preferably possible embodiments, but embodiment is not limited to this hair The equal change or modification change completed under bright patent claim, the technical spirit suggested by all present invention, all should belong to Cover the scope of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of cultural method of middle honeybee, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps method:
S1. beehive is provided, the beehive includes:Case lid (1), hive and seat ground section (3), the case lid (1) are covered in the nest Box top, hive section (2) that the hive can be extracted freely by more than one superposition is constituted, the hive section (2) it is hollow and on Lower insertion, the hive section (2) is made of the thick planks of 1-3cm, is spaced and is opened up in the two lateral walls of the hive section (2) There is the jack (6) in more than one jack (6), two opposing sidewalls to stagger setting, and in same level, it is described to insert Hole (6) is used for interspersed bar (4);
Described sit at the top of ground section (3) is connected with the hive, described to sit ground section (3) bottom located at ground or be embedded in underground, described Sit provided with honeybee net (7) is blocked in ground section (3) bottom, the ground section (3) of sitting is hollow, ground section (3) side wall of sitting is provided with into honeybee mouthful (10), it is described enter honeybee mouthful (10) be located at the top for blocking honeybee net (7);
It is described enter honeybee mouthful (10) peripheral hardware Youchao door (8), it is movable that the nest door (8) includes a door frame (11), a platform (9) and nest door Plate (12), the side of the platform (9) is connected with the side wall for sitting ground section (3), and the door frame (11) is installed in described flat On platform (9), the nest door active plugboard (12) is removably installed on the door frame (11), the nest door active plugboard (12) With relative first side and second side, the nest door active plugboard (12) also insertion is provided with first import and export (15) and the Two import and export (14), and the cross-sectional area of the first import and export (15) is more than second import and export (14), and compared with second import and export (14) close to the first side, the first side and second side alternatively can be contacted with the platform (9), to connect The first import and export (15) enters honeybee mouthful (10) and to close the second import and export (14) with described, or connects second turnover Mouthful (14) are entered honeybee mouthful (10) and to close the first import and export (15) with described;
The nest door active plugboard (12) also insertion is provided with inserting hole (13), and the Chinese honeybee apiculture beehive also includes feeder, institute State feeder to be supported on the platform (9), the feeder includes feed bunk (17) and storage food portion, the bottom in the storage food portion Connected with feed bunk (17), the feed bunk (17) is removably inserted in the inserting hole (13), feed bunk (17) position In inserting hole (13), the storage food portion is located at inserting hole (13) outside;
S2. case is crossed:Cross case using cutting spleen and crossing case method or cross case method using s.m.p spleen and cross case;Wherein, case is crossed using cutting spleen and cross case method When, increased beehive section (20) realization on the beehive as obtained by step S1, the beehive section (20) of crossing is hollow and pass through up and down It is logical, three fixed strips (22) are inserted with thereon, and the opposite end of each fixed strip (22) is plugged on the beehive excessively respectively In the two lateral walls for saving (20), three fixed strips (22) parallel interval sets to constitute a Three-dimensional triangle body;The mistake Beehive section (20) is saved (3) with being stacked in seat with the hive section (2), and the beehive section (20) of crossing can be extracted freely;
S3. the management of breeding period:Hive section (2) is increased and decreased according to the size of middle bee colony gesture, medium group's gesture puts 3-4 hive section (2), Groupuscule gesture puts 2-3 hive section (2), gives free rein to make spleen breeding;
S4. bee colony educates king:The docile bee colony royal cell of the strong love storage honey of selection health, stimulating feeding shifts to an earlier date nature to it and educates king;
S5. swarmming:More than the full 3 hive sections (2) of swarm breeding development, Wang Qun swarmmings are educated in selection;Swarmming method is:Selection is Develop the bee colony of 3-4 hive section (2), when royal cell is ripe, hive is divided into two groups, new address is moved on to respectively, and abolish old site ;Or wait after bee colony separates naturally, cut a most upper section hive section (2) band honeybee and constitute new group, then remove all royal cells i.e. Can;
And group S6.:Bee colony or small and weak group to mating failure, merge before nectar flow, are integrated into strong group;Clustering method It is:Remove after mating failure the royal cell suddenly made or to merge after the queen bee of group, darkness and be placed under hive section (2) with blocking honeybee net (7), Then honeybee net (7), hive section (2) and case lid (1) will be blocked to be flipped up together, place and saved with sitting on (3), then another band The hive section (2) for having Wang Qun, which is moved on to, to be blocked on honeybee net (7), is covered with another case lid (1), is merged by the smell at a night, second day Remove morning and block honeybee net (7), freely ganged up to middle honeybee, remove the case lid (1) saved with sitting on (3), hive is saved (3) with being placed on seat On, hive section (2) is suitably increased and decreased according to group's gesture;
S7. gathering honey:Carry out interspersed fixation before cutting off the honey comb with interspersed bar (4) to second hive section (2) below case lid (1), then The capping honey of first hive section (2) below case lid (1) is cut again, while a section hive section (2) is added in hive bottom, Big nectar flow circulation obtains capping honey;
S8. bee colony, which is aestivated, passes the winter:Enter summer after middle honeybee spring honey harvesting, now mend and feed twice;Simultaneously in the heat-insulated material of honeybee box cover Material is heat-insulated;Before daybreak and bee farm is observed after darkness in the morning, the toad for eating field bee is killed in time, nest door is installed in door frame (11) Active plugboard (12) prevents other enemy inlets harm bee colony such as wasp and big night pretty young woman;If there be nectar source in the external world, saved with sitting (3) bee colony is allowed to develop plus hive section (2) on;During winter, if small saved in seat of bee colony puts one piece of guarantor for having duct at the top of (3) Temperature dummy plate is incubated;The duct makes hive with sitting save (3) and connect;
S9. the nursing of bee colony and antitheft honeybee:It will be fed in feeder (17) insertion inserting hole (13), sugar carried out when bee colony lacks honey Starch supplementary feeding, or in breeding period in order to accelerate breeding carry out syrup stimulating feeding;
S10. the middle honeybee prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:A. the preventing and treating of honeybee disease:After annual bee colony is aestivated, the weeds around beehive are rooted out, make honeybee Case aeration-drying, while debris rubbish in cleaning box;It is regular to feed chemoprophylaxis, it is continuous when finding sick group to feed a week to children Worm covers;New hive is changed when serious, then sick group's hive is moved on to before nest door (8), then cuts the honeycomb of healthy group to new hive On, shake off the middle honeybee of disease group's hive to new spleen thereon, be sprayed at dusk with medicine in beehive;The choice of drug chloramphenicol or soil Mycin, the application method of feeding is that medicine addition syrup is diluted into the feeding of the unit centering honeybees of 10-20 ten thousand, is sprayed in use, medicine Thing content, which adds, to be twice;
B. the preventing and treating of enemy:The preventing and treating of toad, wasp and big night pretty young woman is carried out by step S8, to the preventing and treating of termite by continuously smearing Kill termite in travel line two or three times;Or in bee farm look-around ant cave and set medicine trapping;
S11. the sterilization of beekeeping equipment device:After beekeeping equipment is rinsed well with clear water, fine day is put outdoor continuous and is exposed to the sun;After feeder use periodically Clean up;
What S12. random honeybee was rolled into a ball prevents and handles:What a. random honeybee was rolled into a ball prevents:Bee farm controls bee colony at 35-45 groups, each 1-2 when crossing case The mistake of group;Strengthen bee farm management simultaneously, prevent pest and disease damage;B. the processing of random honeybee group:It was found that queen bee is surrounded after chalcid fly ball by worker bee Overcome difficulties as early as possible;Method is:The long cylinder of hand thumbnail size is rolled into thin iron net, seal one it is standby, sought one by one around bee farm Look for and form the random honeybee group of one, slowly inject in honeybee group sound out whether have chalcid fly ball with finger after finding, if so, then whole Chalcid fly ball is put into standby small cylinder, is sealed;After the worker bee for partly flying to escape flies back former case, just the roundlet rolled into a ball equipped with chalcid fly Cylinder is moved on to be fixed in honeybee road below honeycomb, until check small cylinder in the evening, by small cylinder if no worker bee surrounds queen bee Untie, release queen bee;The dusk whole audience, which is mended, on the day of the generation of random honeybee group feeds syrup stable bee colony, to second day or the 3rd day again The bee colony for flying to escape quickly leaves bee farm to it;
S13. swarming fever preventing and handles:The preventing of swarming fever is supplemented small and weak group treatment, is divided into two point using cutting sub- spleen Honeybee facture or releasing swarming fever method of cutting off the honey comb;
It is described cut sub- spleen and supplement small and weak group treatment be:When bee farm starts to occur drone, find and educate Wang Qun, cut in the dusk and educate king The sub- spleen of group gives small and weak group;
The swarmming facture that is divided into two is:After aging royal cell occurs in bee colony, honeybee is divided into two groups, side with hive section (2) Method is:The sweet spleen of bee colony 2/3rds is extracted, Lao Wang is taken away, 150 meters from former address or so of the sweet spleen group of place composition is moved on to;It is remaining Part is in addition to aging royal cell is retained, and remaining whole is extracted, and moves on to several meters from the former address reverse places of nest door and constitutes sub- spleen group, sub- spleen Group artificial feeding supports new honeybee in ten evenings, and former address is recovered again after new king's mating of aging royal cell is successful;
It is described cut off the honey comb releasing swarming fever method be:Being cut off the honey comb before swarmming makes honeycomb without storage honey to alleviate swarming fever;
Processing method after swarming fever occurs is:Occur after swarming fever, manually to its again swarmming once to weaken noisy swarmming Mood, then checks all royal cells of removing.
2. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step S1, the hive section (2) is in cube Shape, a height of 250-270mm × 180-220mm of its length and width × 60-100mm.
3. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step S1, the first import and export (15) is length Square opening, a height of 4.4-4.6mm of the first import and export (15), the second import and export (14) is circular hole, and described second enters The radius for exporting (14) is 2.3-2.5mm.
4. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step S1, the material for sitting ground section (3) is modeling Material, timber, brick or concrete.
5. it is open above cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step S1, the feed bunk (17), The open-mouth is provided with square (19), so that honeybee sucks and will not fall into feed bunk in the open-mouth, the square (19) length is less than the open length, with the opposite sides of the square (19) formation opening (18), to allow honey Honeybee is entered in feeder from the opening (18).
6. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step S2, it is described cut spleen and cross case method be:A. gently Old beehive is tapped, makes bee colony frightened from spleen, quick unpack all cuts spleen, and the sub- spleen cut is lain on flat board, by 80-100 millis The height of rice has cut sub- spleen, and remaining sub- spleen is removed;B. it is fixed on beehive section (20) is crossed on case lid (1), then the son cut Spleen was injected in beehive section (20), inserted fixed strip, sub- spleen is connected;Mix up sub- spleen spacing stand-by;C. treat that bee colony entered honeybee After case section (20) conglomeration, save near (3) with gently being moved to seat, saving (3) in seat puts 1-2 hive section (2), shuts nest Beehive section (20), quickly is buckled on hive section (2) by door (8), whne the scattered honeybee of beehive section (20) outside fly to look for nest (8) when beat Open nest door (8), scattered honeybee enter nest door (8) after the remaining honeybee of old beehive shake off nest door (8) near, such as find queen bee outside new case, King is grabbed to be put into from nest door (8);Heat-barrier material is put on case lid (1), upper ballast is fixed.
7. cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step S2, the s.m.p spleen crosses case method and is:By case Lid (1) is covered on hive, and fixing seal smears honey below in the case lid (1) towards hive side, and the honeybee group grabbed back is trembled Save in (3) with falling on seat, then hive saved on (3) with being buckled in seat, nest door (8) is clogged with green grass, treats that middle honeybee climbs up hive conglomeration, Opening nest door (8) allows middle honeybee to recognize nest.
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CN107568171A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-01-12 福建农林大学 A kind of method that same bee farm whole audience of spring centralized Control steals honeybee
CN108450420A (en) * 2018-03-31 2018-08-28 湖南兴唐兴蜂业有限公司 A kind of ecosystem control method of enhancing honeybee productivity
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CN109997821B (en) * 2018-05-11 2021-06-22 重庆懿熙品牌策划有限公司 Clean mechanism and bee mite kills case thereof
CN108849761A (en) * 2018-07-17 2018-11-23 镇坪县津元春食品有限责任公司 A kind of numerous volume increase keeping method of middle bee expansion
CN111134048A (en) * 2018-11-03 2020-05-12 宁夏北国蜜语农业科技发展有限公司 Movable frame breeding device for Chinese bees
CN110338152A (en) * 2019-07-12 2019-10-18 曹义侠 A kind of bee raising method
CN111149769A (en) * 2020-01-02 2020-05-15 长沙县红花蜜蜂养殖专业合作社 Method for preventing bees from being damaged
CN111937815A (en) * 2020-08-17 2020-11-17 西安建筑科技大学 Method for preventing and controlling nest insects by utilizing symbiotic relationship between black ants and Chinese bees
CN112154976A (en) * 2020-10-12 2021-01-01 紫云自治县缴卜种养殖村社合一农民专业合作社 Method for breeding Chinese bees
CN112970677A (en) * 2021-03-19 2021-06-18 吉林省养蜂科学研究所(吉林省蜂产品质量管理监督站、吉林省蜜蜂遗传资源基因保护中心) Method for increasing bee colony cardinality by utilizing seedless breeding
CN112970677B (en) * 2021-03-19 2022-06-14 吉林省养蜂科学研究所(吉林省蜂产品质量管理监督站、吉林省蜜蜂遗传资源基因保护中心) Method for increasing bee colony cardinality by utilizing seedless breeding

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