CN105660110A - Method for artificial cultivation of Hainan panax notoginseng - Google Patents

Method for artificial cultivation of Hainan panax notoginseng Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105660110A
CN105660110A CN201610027322.4A CN201610027322A CN105660110A CN 105660110 A CN105660110 A CN 105660110A CN 201610027322 A CN201610027322 A CN 201610027322A CN 105660110 A CN105660110 A CN 105660110A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
hainan
planting
pseudo
ginseng
artificial
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610027322.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105660110B (en
Inventor
韩智强
郭生云
徐世涛
王夸平
刘劲芸
吴恒
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Tobacco Yunnan New Material Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
China Tobacco Yunnan New Material Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Tobacco Yunnan New Material Technology Co Ltd filed Critical China Tobacco Yunnan New Material Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610027322.4A priority Critical patent/CN105660110B/en
Publication of CN105660110A publication Critical patent/CN105660110A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105660110B publication Critical patent/CN105660110B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for artificial cultivation of Hainan panax notoginseng. The method comprises the steps of land selection, land preparation, planting, field management, pest and disease damage prevention, harvesting and processing and the like. Plump and multi-mud lump stems serve as reserved seeds for planting and are stored in sand for overwintering, and separated planting is performed before sprouting in the spring of the next year. Hainan panax notoginseng planted through the method is high in growth speed and high in yield, the pest and disease damage is less, and the pesticide usage amount is small. Used pesticides are all biological pesticides, product pesticide residues are reduced, the product quality safety and quality are supported, and Hainan panax notoginseng is suitable for large-area popularization and plantation.

Description

The artificial method for planting of a kind of Hainan pseudo-ginseng
Technical field
The invention belongs to wild plant artificial breeding field, specifically relate to the artificial method for planting of a kind of tobacco aromatics using plant Hainan pseudo-ginseng.
Background technology
Hainan pseudo-ginseng is Jiang Ke Kaempferia per nnial herb, has another name called plumage flower ginger. Originate from China Hainan, in Southwestern China and south, and the state such as India, Nepal also has and sees. The Zhong Mai both sides, blade face of Hainan pseudo-ginseng are in good order and are distributed with the beautiful decorative pattern of herring-bone form symmetrically, blade back purple, is possible not only to the ornamental plant as beauty, and, its blade and root stock useable solvents extract medicinal extract, as solvent and the fixative of multiple essence. As additive of tobacco product be mainly used in cigarette manufacturing processed reinforced with add perfume (or spice), have make smoke alcohol and fine and smooth, thorn removal of impurities is fallen, the effect such as improve pleasant impression. Hainan pseudo-ginseng has higher utilization and Development volue, but current report in the pseudo-ginseng artificial planting technique of Hainan is also little.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to for the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that the artificial method for planting of a kind of Hainan pseudo-ginseng.
The object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical programs.
Unless otherwise explanation, percentage ratio of the present invention is mass percent.
An artificial method for planting for Hainan pseudo-ginseng, comprises the following steps:
(1) selection of land, whole: select near water source, physical features is smooth, soil layer is deep, draining is good, soil ulmin is abundant, loose sandy soil, at soil deeptillage in 8~September, ploughs deeply more than 25cm, harrows March in next year and carefully flattens bedding;
(2) plant: beat the pool by seeding row spacing 30cm × 40cm, dark 15~the 20cm in the pool, pool mouth diameter 10~15cm, plant first 1~2 week every mu apply 500kg organic commercial fertilizer, fertilizer total nutrient content >=5%, during plantation every mu apply 30kg multi-component composite fertilizer after, folding gets the wild Hainan pseudo-ginseng bulk stem of life in 1 year, wound plant ash is coated, with folding with kind;
(3) field management: summer and autumn topdress with watering in conjunction with intertill and clean tillage, topdress as every mu applies 30kg multi-component composite fertilizer;
(4) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: use agricultural streptomycin or Bordeaux mixture prevention and therapy disease; Emamectin-benzoate or matrine spray is used to drench pest control;
(5) excavate processing: enter after autumn when block stem grow full, tissue enriches, over-ground part from green to yellow time excavate; Before excavating, blade is gathered in, reject weeds and foreign matter, clean out rear airing preservation and be used as to extract medicinal extract; The block stem excavated is cleaned, cuts into slices, is dried to preserve and be used as to extract medicinal extract.
Further, the block stem choosing full polygerm, as reserving seed for planting, is stored in sand and survives the winter, and the next spring germinates front point and plants.
Wide 1.0~the 1.2m of furrow described in step (1), the high 20~25cm of furrow, furrow spacing 30~40cm.
Multi-component composite fertilizer described in step (2) and step (3) is N-P2O5-K2O=15:10:25, meets the related request of GB15063 composite fertilizer.
In step (4), 72% agricultural streptomycin wettable powder is watered according to the mass ratio of 1:1000, uses at their early stage, every mu of agricultural streptomycin consumption 15~30g; Bordeaux mixture is according to copper sulfate: unslaked lime: water=1:0.5:100 ratio doubly, now with the current at their early stage, every mu of dosing 30~50kg.
In step (4), 5% emamectin-benzoate soluble granule is watered according to the mass ratio of 1:8000~10000 and makes sterilant, every mu of medicament 3~4g; Or 2% matrine is watered according to the mass ratio of 1:200~500, after transplanting, combining use of watering, every mu of matrine consumption is 100~200mL.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:
Adopting Hainan Panax notoginseng Growth speed of the method plantation of the present invention fast, output height, disease and pest is few, the usage quantity of agricultural chemicals is few, and the agricultural chemicals used is biological pesticide, reduces product pesticide residue, quality safety and quality to product provide support, suitable big area popularizing planting.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, but embodiment is not limited to the technical solution.
Embodiment 1:
Carry out the experiment of Hainan pseudo-ginseng artificial growth Kunming, Yunnan stone forest, experiment ground height above sea level 1900m, east longitude 103 ° 22 ' 41 ", north latitude 24 ° 55 ' 16 ", year-round average temperature 17.3 DEG C, mean annual precipitation 996.6mm, year sunshine time be 1928h. Hainan pseudo-ginseng provenance is planted after the qualification of phytology associated specialist confirms.
(1) selection of land is wholely: select near water source, physical features is smooth, soil layer is deep, draining is good, and soil ulmin enriches, and loose sandy soil, at 8-9 month soil deeptillage, ploughs deeply more than 25cm. In the thin leveling of rake in March in next year, according to local economy level and farming custom bedding. Furrow width 1.0-1.2m, furrow height 20-25cm, furrow spacing 30-40cm.
(2) planting: beat the pool by seeding row spacing 30cm × 40cm, the dark 15-20cm in the pool, pool mouth diameter 10-15cm, before plantation, all every mu of consumptions according to 500kg of 1-2 apply organic commercial fertilizer uniformly in the pool accomplished fluently. During plantation, every mu applies 30kg composite fertilizer (N:P2O5: K2O is 15:10:20) after, get the block stem of life in 1 year with hand or instrument folding, make wound smooth as far as possible, be coated on wound with plant ash immediately after fractureing, and with folding with kind.
(3) field management: summer and autumn, according to weeds in field growing way, carry out artificial weeding in time, and combine and apply fertilizer when watering, described topdresses as mu applies 30kg multi-component composite fertilizer.
(4) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: during the Panax notoginseng Growth of Hainan, disease is based on root rot, when wet season of summer diseased plant rate reaches 0.5%, at fair weather 7 up to 11 time or 15 up to 19 time, according to the consumption of every mu of 30g, 72% agricultural streptomycin wettable powder is watered according to the mass ratio of 1:1000, adopts the mode that spray is drenched to spray and drench Hainan Panax notoginseng root; Or by Bordeaux mixture according to copper sulfate: unslaked lime: the spray of Hainan pseudo-ginseng is drenched root by water=1:0.5:100 ratio preparation doubly, with the water preparing lime milk of 1/10 during preparation, the water of 9/10 joins copper-bath, then copper-bath is slowly poured in milk of lime, fall while stir, use immediately after preparation, medicament every mu consumption 50kg.5% emamectin-benzoate, based on grub, cutworm, when attacked trees rate is 0.5%, according to the consumption of every mu of 4g, is converted Water spray Hainan Panax notoginseng root according to the mass ratio of 1:8000 by insect pest; Or the consumption according to every mu of 200mL, select 2% matrine to convert Water spray according to the mass ratio of 1:200, described sterilant combines to water after transplanting and uses.
(5) excavate processing: mid-October block stem grow full, tissue enriches, over-ground part from green to yellow time can excavate. Before excavating, blade is gathered in, reject weeds and foreign matter, clean out rear airing preservation and be used as to extract medicinal extract. Block stem after excavating is cleaned in time, and section is dried to preserve and is used as to extract medicinal extract.
(6) reserve seed for planting: the block stem choosing full polygerm, is stored in sand and survives the winter. Also can surviving the winter in basin, keep soil micro-wet, the next spring germinates front point and plants.
In Hainan pseudo-ginseng grown in field cycle about 210d that this experiment is planted, per mu yield reaches 1500kg, and disease and pest incidence is down to less than 1.0%.
Embodiment 2
Repeat embodiment 1, have following difference:
(2) plant: before plantation, all every mu of consumptions according to 500kg of 1-2 apply organic commercial fertilizer uniformly in the pool accomplished fluently. During plantation, hand or instrument folding get the block stem of life in 1 year, make wound smooth as far as possible, are coated on wound with plant ash immediately after fractureing, and with folding with kind.
(3) field management: after planting, 30d carries out topdressing for the first time, mu sealing fertilizer 30kg, summer and autumn, according to weeds in field growing way, carry out artificial weeding in time, and combine and when watering, carry out second time and third time fertilising, described topdressing is mu and applies 30kg.
(4) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: at the beginning of 6 months, before rainy season arrives, by Bordeaux mixture according to copper sulfate: unslaked lime: water=1:0.5:100 ratio preparation medicament doubly, Hainan Panax notoginseng root is drenched in spray, and mu consumption is 50kg, to put prevention first; When diseased plant rate reaches 0.5%, at fair weather 7 up to 11 time or 15 up to 19 time, it may also be useful to 15g72% agricultural streptomycin wettable powder is watered according to the mass ratio of 1:1000, adopts the mode that spray is drenched to spray and drenches Hainan Panax notoginseng root. According to the consumption of every mu of 3g during transplanting, 5% emamectin-benzoate is converted cave, the Water spray pool according to the mass ratio of 1:10000, mainly play a part to eliminate insect in soil; When attacked trees rate is 0.5%, convert Water spray with 100mL2% matrine according to the mass ratio of 1:500.
Hainan pseudo-ginseng per mu yield that this experiment is planted reaches 1520kg, and disease and pest incidence is down to less than 1%.

Claims (6)

1. an artificial method for planting for Hainan pseudo-ginseng, comprises the following steps:
(1) selection of land, whole: select near water source, physical features is smooth, soil layer is deep, draining is good, soil ulmin is abundant, loose sandy soil, at soil deeptillage in 8~September, ploughs deeply more than 25cm, harrows March in next year and carefully flattens bedding;
(2) plant: beat the pool by seeding row spacing 30cm × 40cm, dark 15~the 20cm in the pool, pool mouth diameter 10~15cm, plant first 1~2 week every mu apply 500kg organic commercial fertilizer, fertilizer total nutrient content >=5%, during plantation every mu apply 30kg multi-component composite fertilizer after, folding gets the wild Hainan pseudo-ginseng bulk stem of life in 1 year, wound plant ash is coated, with folding with kind;
(3) field management: summer and autumn topdress with watering in conjunction with intertill and clean tillage, topdress as every mu applies 30kg multi-component composite fertilizer;
(4) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: use agricultural streptomycin or Bordeaux mixture prevention and therapy disease;Emamectin-benzoate or matrine spray is used to drench pest control;
(5) excavate processing: enter after autumn when block stem grow full, tissue enriches, over-ground part from green to yellow time excavate; Before excavating, blade is gathered in, reject weeds and foreign matter, clean out rear airing preservation and be used as to extract medicinal extract; The block stem excavated is cleaned, cuts into slices, is dried to preserve and be used as to extract medicinal extract.
2. the artificial method for planting of Hainan according to claim 1 pseudo-ginseng, it is characterised in that: further, the block stem choosing full polygerm, as reserving seed for planting, is stored in sand and survives the winter, and the next spring germinates front point and plants.
3. the artificial method for planting of Hainan according to claim 1 pseudo-ginseng, it is characterised in that: the wide 1.0~1.2m of furrow described in step (1), the high 20~25cm of furrow, furrow spacing 30~40cm.
4. the artificial method for planting of Hainan according to claim 1 pseudo-ginseng, it is characterized in that: the multi-component composite fertilizer described in step (2) and step (3) is N-P2O5-K2O=15:10:25, meets the related request of GB15063 composite fertilizer.
5. the artificial method for planting of Hainan according to claim 1 pseudo-ginseng, it is characterized in that: in step (4), 72% agricultural streptomycin wettable powder is watered according to the mass ratio of 1:1000, uses at their early stage, every mu of agricultural streptomycin consumption 15~30g; Or by Bordeaux mixture according to copper sulfate: unslaked lime: water=1:0.5:100 ratio doubly, now with the current at their early stage, every mu of dosing 30~50kg.
6. the artificial method for planting of Hainan according to claim 1 pseudo-ginseng, it is characterized in that: in step (4), 5% emamectin-benzoate soluble granule is watered according to the mass ratio of 1:8000~10000 and makes sterilant, every mu of medicament 3~4g; Or 2% matrine is watered according to the mass ratio of 1:200~500, after transplanting, combining use of watering, every mu of matrine consumption is 100~200mL.
CN201610027322.4A 2016-01-15 2016-01-15 A kind of artificial method for planting of Hainan Radix Notoginseng Active CN105660110B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610027322.4A CN105660110B (en) 2016-01-15 2016-01-15 A kind of artificial method for planting of Hainan Radix Notoginseng

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610027322.4A CN105660110B (en) 2016-01-15 2016-01-15 A kind of artificial method for planting of Hainan Radix Notoginseng

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105660110A true CN105660110A (en) 2016-06-15
CN105660110B CN105660110B (en) 2018-05-18

Family

ID=56301014

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610027322.4A Active CN105660110B (en) 2016-01-15 2016-01-15 A kind of artificial method for planting of Hainan Radix Notoginseng

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105660110B (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106358628A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-02-01 云南百亚农业科技发展有限公司 Planting method for improving yield of pseudo-ginseng
CN106358635A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-02-01 文山苗乡三七科技有限公司 Method for nursing Vietnam notoginseng
CN107950331A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-04-24 卿安华 Clear method for planting ginseng

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102783342A (en) * 2012-08-21 2012-11-21 屯留县民康中药材开发有限公司 Cultivation method of hairy asiabell
CN102884934A (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-01-23 遵义市利昌中药材种植有限责任公司 Burdock cultivation technique
CN103430729A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-12-11 王运海 Method for planting dangshen
CN104782358A (en) * 2015-04-09 2015-07-22 安徽裕民生态农业有限公司 Polygonum multiflorum planting method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102783342A (en) * 2012-08-21 2012-11-21 屯留县民康中药材开发有限公司 Cultivation method of hairy asiabell
CN102884934A (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-01-23 遵义市利昌中药材种植有限责任公司 Burdock cultivation technique
CN103430729A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-12-11 王运海 Method for planting dangshen
CN104782358A (en) * 2015-04-09 2015-07-22 安徽裕民生态农业有限公司 Polygonum multiflorum planting method

Non-Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
勤农: "三七的种植栽培与病虫害防治", 《农村实用技术》 *
姚建: "三七栽培影响因素分析与控制", 《广东农业科学》 *
方艳等: "文山三七地膜覆盖栽培关键技术", 《云南农业科技》 *
李品汉: "名贵中药材三七实用栽培技术", 《经济作物》 *
李忠义等: "三七栽培技术要点", 《人参研究》 *
王淑琴等: "三七根腐病的初步研究", 《特产研究》 *
路国辉等: "姜科植物花卉应用现状及开发前景", 《北方园艺》 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106358628A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-02-01 云南百亚农业科技发展有限公司 Planting method for improving yield of pseudo-ginseng
CN106358635A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-02-01 文山苗乡三七科技有限公司 Method for nursing Vietnam notoginseng
CN107950331A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-04-24 卿安华 Clear method for planting ginseng

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105660110B (en) 2018-05-18

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102812838B (en) Propagation method of camellia amplexicaulis cohen stuart by using shoot cutting
CN102823359B (en) Method for propagating bilateral trichosanthes kirilowii maxim seeds
CN103548513B (en) A kind of tuniclike psammosilene root open-air rearing method
CN105284372A (en) Planting method for Zanthoxylum bungeanum
CN103960036A (en) Method for conducting wild tending of Chinese Paris rhizome under trees
CN103875393B (en) A kind of high yield cultivating method of annual Radix Angelicae Sinensis
CN104126468A (en) Method for interplanting rice in wheat field or oilseed rape field in no tillage mode
CN101040584A (en) Manual and normative planting technology and continuous using method of akebia trifoliate
CN103814723A (en) Efficient cultivation method for high-altitude area radix dipsaci
CN104686149A (en) Method for cultivating radix polygonati officinalis
CN107333612A (en) A kind of implantation methods of evodia rutaecarpa
CN105432290A (en) Method for breeding peony seeds
CN104115654A (en) Method for cultivating Indian mulberries
CN100388876C (en) Five-finger fig root standarded and industrilized seed breeding planting method
CN102132655A (en) Planting method of radix clematidis
CN105284325A (en) Planting method of sealwort
CN104186191A (en) High-altitude codonopsis pilosula cultivation method
CN105660110B (en) A kind of artificial method for planting of Hainan Radix Notoginseng
CN106613172B (en) Original ecological planting method of anoectochilus roxburghii in Guangdong-oriented chemical-change lake sky and land
CN107896664A (en) A kind of implantation methods of Siraitia grosvenorii
CN103703949A (en) Method of raising seedlings of high-grade star anise
CN102308715B (en) Artificial cultivation method for increasing content of salvianolic acid B in roots and blades of red-rooted sage
CN104641848A (en) Planting method of fructus forsythia
CN104686159A (en) Method for planting selenium-rich vegetable and fruit in farmland
CN104186154A (en) Cultivation method for qualified scutellaria baicalensis planted in north and transplanted to south

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant