CN105432290A - Method for breeding peony seeds - Google Patents

Method for breeding peony seeds Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105432290A
CN105432290A CN201510861429.4A CN201510861429A CN105432290A CN 105432290 A CN105432290 A CN 105432290A CN 201510861429 A CN201510861429 A CN 201510861429A CN 105432290 A CN105432290 A CN 105432290A
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Prior art keywords
seed
fertilizer
sowing
mid
late
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CN201510861429.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈波华
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Jiangsu Peony Pavilion Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Peony Pavilion Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510861429.4A priority Critical patent/CN105432290A/en
Publication of CN105432290A publication Critical patent/CN105432290A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for breeding peony seeds, which comprises steps: (1) seed selection: superior, anti-disease and pest, high purity seeds without variation are selected; (2) the seeds are treated before seeding; (3) sowing propagation: the sowing propagation comprises steps of land selecting, soil preparation, bedding and sowing; (4) field management step: the field management comprises cultivation uproot, topdressing fertilization and irrigation and drainage; (5) prevention steps of plant diseases and insect pests; and (6) recovery step. The method for breeding peony seeds is simple in operation, convenient in popularization and application and high in breeding efficiency.

Description

A kind of peony seed growing method
Technical field
The present invention relates to peony mating system, specifically a kind of peony seed growing method.
Background technology
Tree peony is the distinctive woody rare flower of China, and large flower and brilliant color, elegant and poised, gorgeous dignity, fragrance are strong, and various in style, have the laudatory title of " aromatic ", " king in spending ", for a long time by people as rich and honour lucky, flourishing symbol.
Tree peony is perennial machaka, poor growth, and plant type is little, and plant height is many between 0.5 ~ 2 meter; Peony is more enervated, and to soil, the environmental requirements such as weather are all relatively tighter, and tree peony propagation method has plant division, grafting, sowing etc., and type of seeding is used for cultivating new varieties, and reproductive efficiency is not high.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of simple, breed the high peony seed growing method of efficiency.
The technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of peony seed growing method, comprises the steps:
(1) choose seeds: the seed choosing high-quality, Resistant, high-purity, nothing variation;
(2) planting seed pre-treatment: before sowing, seed is successively soaked 36h with 55 DEG C of clear water, with 95% alcohol-pickled 30min, impels seed coat to soften, filters out sink-float seed;
(3) seed propagation: comprise selection of land step, whole ground bedding step and sowing step;
Selection of land step: select high and dry on the sunny side, good, PH6.5 ~ 8 of sandy loam, draining, salt content less than 0.3% location plantation;
Whole ground bedding step: carry out turning over airing, turn over dark 30 ~ 40cm for 2 ~ 3 months before planting, cleaning weeds, stone, and in conjunction with whole, use sufficient base fertilizer, the muck or cake fertilizer that become thoroughly decomposed are passed through in base fertilizer choosing, every mu of stercoration 1500 ~ 2500kg or cake fertilizer 200 ~ 250kg, simultaneously mu executes 10 ~ 15kg phoxim granule and 4 ~ 5kg carbendazim as soil insect-killing bactericide, tilth is 60 ~ 100m, and deep ploughing is raked, the wide 1.4m of furrow, the shallow dark 25cm of pavement, has a dark drain ditch of 40cm every 10 furrow;
Sowing step: sow to early November in mid-October, the line-spacing trench digging of 20-30cm, ditch depth is about 5-10cm, sown scope 9-11cm, is evenly sprinkling upon in ditch by seed, seed spacing 1-2cm, then earthing 3-5cm, suppresses a little, every mu of sowing 50 ~ 100kg, after planting earthing 2 ~ 3cm upper cover film, throws off when next year, March emerged;
(4) field management step: comprise cultivation uproot, topdress and apply fertilizer and rationally irrigation and drainage;
Cultivation uproot: 3 the end of month ~ at the beginning of 4 months, deeply uproot before namely blooming, the degree of depth 3 ~ 5cm, the shallow hoe of Post flowering in May, the degree of depth 1 ~ 3cm;
To topdress fertilising: organic fertilizer, composite fertilizer, impose Hua Qianfei around the Spring Equinox, topdress after the florescence in May He before 12 monthly income winters;
Reasonable irrigation and drainage: rainy season timely drainage waterlogging prevention, dry season irrigates in time;
(5) pest control procedures
Late January to February, early and middle ten days sprayed carbendazim 500 times of liquid, phoxim granule is applied for preventing and treating phosphorus wing order larva at the beginning of 3 months, April sprays 70% thiophanate methyl, 600 ~ 800 times of liquid before initial bloom stage, carbendazim 1000 times of liquid prevention leaf diseases, late May ~ plum rains season early or mid June before, spray carbendazim/thiophanate methyl/600 ~ 800 times, Baijunling bactericide liquid, spray chrysanthemum ester insecticide control scarabs, spraying fungicide and foliage fertilizer after plum rains season mid or late July, mid or late August, bactericide should be mixed into cypermethrin, phoxim, isocarbophos insecticide, with eliminating pest, avoid moth anthophagy bud and branch, chemical control is continued until that mid or late September terminates,
(6) to gather step
Shell of gathering is isabelline or the fruit pod of brown, spreads the indoor in shady and cool ventilation, spreads thickness at about 20cm, make its after-ripening, through 10 ~ 15d, fruit pod great majority ftracture voluntarily, produce seed, in After-ripening, stir seed 1 time, in case it is mouldy every 2 ~ 3d.
Wherein, in step (4) field management step, during cultivation uproot, weed killer herbicide can not be used on a large scale, first with bottled Quizalotop-ethyl, the experiment of traditional Chinese medicine weed killer herbicide.
In step (5) pest control procedures, according to damage by disease and insect, a situation arises and medicine number of times and time are sprayed in the adjustment of local climate situation of change, but spray of whole season of growth medicine should not be less than 3 times.
Advantage of the present invention: this implantation methods is simple to operate, easy to utilize, it is high to breed efficiency.
Embodiment
In order to deepen the understanding of the present invention, below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described, and this embodiment only for explaining the present invention, does not form limiting the scope of the present invention.
A kind of peony seed growing method, comprises the steps:
(1) choose seeds: the seed choosing high-quality, Resistant, high-purity, nothing variation;
(2) planting seed pre-treatment: before sowing, seed is successively soaked 36h with 55 DEG C of clear water, with 95% alcohol-pickled 30min, impels seed coat to soften, filters out sink-float seed; The sowing but floating, heavy seed first pass all mixes for second time, the seed single that third time rises and falls;
(3) seed propagation: comprise selection of land step, whole ground bedding step and sowing step;
Selection of land step: select high and dry on the sunny side, good, PH6.5 ~ 8 of sandy loam, draining, salt content less than 0.3% location plantation;
Whole ground bedding step: carry out turning over airing in 2 ~ 3 months before planting, turn over dark 30 ~ 40cm, cleaning weeds, stone, and in conjunction with whole, use sufficient base fertilizer, the muck or cake fertilizer that become thoroughly decomposed are passed through in base fertilizer choosing, avoid with raw fertile, every mu of stercoration 1500 ~ 2500kg or cake fertilizer 200 ~ 250kg, sheep canopy ash can be used, colza cake, superphosphate composite fertilizer (dry application, sowing completes before planting seedling); Simultaneously mu executes 10 ~ 15kg phoxim granule and 4 ~ 5kg carbendazim as soil insect-killing bactericide, and tilth is 60 ~ 100m, and deep ploughing is raked, the wide 1.4m of furrow, the shallow dark 25cm of pavement, has a dark drain ditch of 40cm every 10 furrow;
Sowing step: sow to early November in mid-October, the line-spacing trench digging of 20-30cm, ditch depth is about 5-10cm, sown scope 9-11cm, is evenly sprinkling upon in ditch by seed, seed spacing 1-2cm, then earthing 3-5cm, suppresses a little, every mu of sowing 50 ~ 100kg, after planting earthing 2 ~ 3cm upper cover film, throws off when next year, March emerged; Every mu of emergence rate is comparatively suitable about 90,000 strains, generally takes artificial uprooting weed.
(4) field management step: comprise cultivation uproot, topdress and apply fertilizer and rationally irrigation and drainage;
Cultivation uproot: 3 the end of month ~ at the beginning of 4 months, deeply uproot before namely blooming, the degree of depth 3 ~ 5cm, the shallow hoe of Post flowering in May, the degree of depth 1 ~ 3cm; " hoe early, uproot little, uprooted " principle, timely weeding, can not use weed killer herbicide on a large scale, first with bottled Quizalotop-ethyl, the experiment of traditional Chinese medicine weed killer herbicide;
To topdress fertilising: organic fertilizer, composite fertilizer, impose Hua Qianfei around the Spring Equinox, topdress after the florescence in May He before 12 monthly income winters; Fertilising is increased according to tree peony growing way;
Reasonable irrigation and drainage: rainy season timely drainage waterlogging prevention, dry season irrigates in time;
Water: suitably water when noting water drainage (plum rains season prevents nursery stock from soaking in water more than 1 day) arid rainy season;
Illumination and temperature treatment: sufficient sunlight grows advantageously it, but tree peony not the burning sun of resistance to summer be exposed to the sun, temperature then can make plant be resting state more than 25 DEG C, and field of planting sporadicly is planted some arbors and is beneficial to and avoids burning sun on hot summer days; Tree peony thermophilic of blooming is 17 ~ 20 DEG C, but the low temperature treatment having to pass through 1 ~ 10 DEG C before spending just can for 2 ~ 3 months.Though tree peony low-temperature-resistant, suitable freeze prevention measure need be taked, in order to avoid be subject to freeze injury.
(5) pest control procedures
Late January to February, early and middle ten days sprayed carbendazim 500 times of liquid (ground and plant), phoxim granule is applied for preventing and treating phosphorus wing order larva at the beginning of 3 months, (before the florescence) at the beginning of 4 months sprays 70% thiophanate methyl, 600 ~ 800 times of liquid, carbendazim 1000 times of liquid prevention leaf diseases, late May ~ early or mid June (before plum rains season), spray carbendazim/thiophanate methyl/600 ~ 800 times, Baijunling bactericide liquid, spray chrysanthemum ester insecticide control scarabs (whether going and buy Chinese medicine according to actual conditions assessment), mid or late July (after plum rains season) spraying fungicide and foliage fertilizer, mid or late August, bactericide should be mixed into cypermethrin, phoxim, isocarbophos insecticide, with eliminating pest, avoid moth anthophagy bud and branch, chemical control is continued until that mid or late September terminates, depending on damage by disease and insect, a situation arises and medicine number of times and time are sprayed in the adjustment of local climate situation of change, but spray of whole season of growth medicine should not be less than 3 times.
(6) to gather step
The collecting time of nursery seed is: can gather when fruit pod is banana skin yellow.Gather too early, seed is immature; Gathered evening, fruit pod cracking, seed drops, and seed coat blackening, hardens, and not easily emerges; Producing method for seed: shell of gathering is isabelline or the fruit pod of brown, spreads the indoor in shady and cool ventilation, spreads thickness at about 20cm, make its after-ripening.Through 10 ~ 15d, fruit pod great majority ftracture voluntarily, produce seed.In After-ripening, stir seed 1 time, in case it is mouldy every 2 ~ 3d.Also the production of hybrid seeds can be carried out with thresher.

Claims (3)

1. a peony seed growing method, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
(1) choose seeds: the seed choosing high-quality, Resistant, high-purity, nothing variation;
(2) planting seed pre-treatment: before sowing, seed is successively soaked 36h with 55 DEG C of clear water, with 95% alcohol-pickled 30min, impels seed coat to soften, filters out sink-float seed;
(3) seed propagation: comprise selection of land step, whole ground bedding step and sowing step;
Selection of land step: select high and dry on the sunny side, good, PH6.5 ~ 8 of sandy loam, draining, salt content less than 0.3% location plantation; Whole ground bedding step: carry out turning over airing, turn over dark 30 ~ 40cm for 2 ~ 3 months before planting, cleaning weeds, stone, and in conjunction with whole, use sufficient base fertilizer, the muck or cake fertilizer that become thoroughly decomposed are passed through in base fertilizer choosing, every mu of stercoration 1500 ~ 2500kg or cake fertilizer 200 ~ 250kg, simultaneously mu executes 10 ~ 15kg phoxim granule and 4 ~ 5kg carbendazim as soil insect-killing bactericide, tilth is 60 ~ 100m, and deep ploughing is raked, the wide 1.4m of furrow, the shallow dark 25cm of pavement, has a dark drain ditch of 40cm every 10 furrow;
Sowing step: sow to early November in mid-October, the line-spacing trench digging of 20-30cm, ditch depth is about 5-10cm, sown scope 9-11cm, is evenly sprinkling upon in ditch by seed, seed spacing 1-2cm, then earthing 3-5cm, suppresses a little, every mu of sowing 50 ~ 100kg, after planting earthing 2 ~ 3cm upper cover film, throws off when next year, March emerged;
(4) field management step: comprise cultivation uproot, topdress and apply fertilizer and rationally irrigation and drainage;
Cultivation uproot: 3 the end of month ~ at the beginning of 4 months, deeply uproot before namely blooming, the degree of depth 3 ~ 5cm, the shallow hoe of Post flowering in May, the degree of depth 1 ~ 3cm; To topdress fertilising: organic fertilizer, composite fertilizer, impose Hua Qianfei around the Spring Equinox, topdress after the florescence in May He before 12 monthly income winters; Reasonable irrigation and drainage: rainy season timely drainage waterlogging prevention, dry season irrigates in time;
(5) pest control procedures
Late January to February, early and middle ten days sprayed carbendazim 500 times of liquid, phoxim granule is applied for preventing and treating phosphorus wing order larva at the beginning of 3 months, April sprays 70% thiophanate methyl, 600 ~ 800 times of liquid before initial bloom stage, carbendazim 1000 times of liquid prevention leaf diseases, late May ~ plum rains season early or mid June before, spray carbendazim/thiophanate methyl/600 ~ 800 times, Baijunling bactericide liquid, spray chrysanthemum ester insecticide control scarabs, spraying fungicide and foliage fertilizer after plum rains season mid or late July, mid or late August, bactericide should be mixed into cypermethrin, phoxim, isocarbophos insecticide, with eliminating pest, avoid moth anthophagy bud and branch, chemical control is continued until that mid or late September terminates,
(6) to gather step
Shell of gathering is isabelline or the fruit pod of brown, spreads the indoor in shady and cool ventilation, spreads thickness at about 20cm, make its after-ripening, through 10 ~ 15d, fruit pod great majority ftracture voluntarily, produce seed, in After-ripening, stir seed 1 time, in case it is mouldy every 2 ~ 3d.
2. a kind of peony seed growing method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in step (4) field management step, can not use weed killer herbicide on a large scale during cultivation uproot, first with bottled Quizalotop-ethyl, the experiment of traditional Chinese medicine weed killer herbicide.
3. a kind of peony seed growing method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in step (5) pest control procedures, according to damage by disease and insect, a situation arises and medicine number of times and time are sprayed in the adjustment of local climate situation of change, but spray of whole season of growth medicine should not be less than 3 times.
CN201510861429.4A 2015-12-01 2015-12-01 Method for breeding peony seeds Pending CN105432290A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106613162A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-05-10 蚌埠市宗洼草鸡养殖农民专业合作社 Method for sowing and seedling raising of peony
CN107135886A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-09-08 合肥市风达农业有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of peony
CN108157109A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-06-15 安徽心缘康生物科技有限公司 A kind of tree peony implantation methods
CN108156990A (en) * 2018-02-23 2018-06-15 云南省林业科学院 A kind of grafting and breeding method of P. delavayi
CN108739210A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-11-06 北京同仁堂安徽中药材有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of the organic tree peony of high yield
CN108782112A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-11-13 杨桂英 A kind of high-yield disease resisting implantation methods of peony
CN109122001A (en) * 2018-08-13 2019-01-04 紫云自治县高原红种植农民专业合作社 A kind of high-yield planting method of high mountain Vitis davidii Foex
CN109349054A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-02-19 阜阳市新丰种业有限公司 A kind of fungal disease control method that oil is planted with tree peony

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106613162A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-05-10 蚌埠市宗洼草鸡养殖农民专业合作社 Method for sowing and seedling raising of peony
CN107135886A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-09-08 合肥市风达农业有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of peony
CN108157109A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-06-15 安徽心缘康生物科技有限公司 A kind of tree peony implantation methods
CN108156990A (en) * 2018-02-23 2018-06-15 云南省林业科学院 A kind of grafting and breeding method of P. delavayi
CN108739210A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-11-06 北京同仁堂安徽中药材有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of the organic tree peony of high yield
CN108782112A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-11-13 杨桂英 A kind of high-yield disease resisting implantation methods of peony
CN109122001A (en) * 2018-08-13 2019-01-04 紫云自治县高原红种植农民专业合作社 A kind of high-yield planting method of high mountain Vitis davidii Foex
CN109349054A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-02-19 阜阳市新丰种业有限公司 A kind of fungal disease control method that oil is planted with tree peony

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Application publication date: 20160330