CN105638302A - Nutrient soil for organic camellia oleifera culture - Google Patents

Nutrient soil for organic camellia oleifera culture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105638302A
CN105638302A CN201610078625.9A CN201610078625A CN105638302A CN 105638302 A CN105638302 A CN 105638302A CN 201610078625 A CN201610078625 A CN 201610078625A CN 105638302 A CN105638302 A CN 105638302A
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China
Prior art keywords
nutrition soil
ash
nutrient soil
loess
sweet potato
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CN201610078625.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105638302B (en
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叶鸿钊
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses nutrient soil for organic camellia oleifera culture. The nutrient soil is formed by mixing, fermenting and processing camellia oleifera shell ash, sweet potato waste, loess, animal waste, straw ash, bone meal, humic acid and active microbial flora. Specifically, the raw materials at certain percentages are mixed sufficiently, stirred with water, poured into a container and covered with a thin film, pile fermentation is conducted for 20-30 days at a temperature of 40 DEG C to 70 DEG C, and then the product can be taken out to serve as the nutrient soil. The nutrient soil can be effectively used for planting organic tea, especially culturing seedlings and has the advantages of being high in yield, green and the like.

Description

Organic oil tree plant cultivation Nutrition Soil
Technical field
The present invention relates to organic oil tea field, be specifically related to organic oil tree plant cultivation Nutrition Soil.
Background technology
Nutrition Soil be in order to meet seedling development and particular formulation containing multiple mineral nutrition, loose ventilation, water conservation fertilizer-preserving ability is strong, and the bed without pest and disease damage is native. Nutrition is generally formed with decomposed dung mixed preparing by fertile land for growing field crops soil. In existing technology, the method for agricultural cultivation is to adopt soil-structure interactions, then carries out again through watering, fertilizing.
Using chemical fertilizer in recent years, although easy to use, and take effect quickly, be used widely, but soil structure can be damaged by life-time service, the agricultural product of plantation can be brought adverse effect by contained chemical substance. Oil tea, (Latin literary fame CamelliaoleiferaAbel.) calls: Fructus Camelliae sinensis tree, tea oil tree, spend tea in vain; Oil tea belongs to Theaceae, evergreen dungarunga. Because of its seed can extract oil (Oleum Camelliae) edible, therefore named. The clear taste of Oleum Camelliae color is fragrant, and nutritious, storage tolerance, is high-quality edible oil; Also can as lubricating oil, antirust oil for industry. Tea cake is pesticide, is again fertilizer, can improve farmland water-holding capacity and preventing and treating rice pest. Peel is the raw material obtaining through refining tannic extract.
Prior art does not have find be exclusively used in tea oil tree plantation Nutrition Soil or organic fertilizer, therefore in the urgent need to one can be organic oil tea production service, there is effect height, the Nutrition Soil that cost is low.
Summary of the invention
The invention aims to provide a kind of organic oil tree plant cultivation Nutrition Soil.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of organic oil tree plant cultivation organic nutrient soil, is characterized in that: by shell of Camelliaoleifera Abel ash, sweet potato waste, loess, animal wastes, straw ash, bone meal, humic acid, beneficial activity microorganism species are blended, fermentation processing forms, and each component percentage by weight is:
Animal wastes 15-25%
Bone meal 5-8%
Shell of Camelliaoleifera Abel ash 3-5%
Loess 40-50%
Sweet potato waste 6-15%
Humic acid 1-1.2%
Straw ash 6-8%
Active microorganism bacterium 0.5-1%;
The preparation method of described Nutrition Soil is: will be sufficiently mixed by each component raw material of above-mentioned percentage ratio, after blunging again, pour in container, then with covered rearing with plastic film, under the temperature conditions of 40-70 DEG C, carry out heap fermentation 20-30 days, take out afterwards and can be used as Nutrition Soil use.
Wherein, described animal wastes are chicken manure, cattle manure;
Preferably, animal wastes are 20%, and bone meal is 7%, shell of Camelliaoleifera Abel ash 4%, loess 48%, sweet potato waste 11%, straw ash 8%, active microorganism bacterium 1%, humic acid 1%.
Preferably, wherein said active microorganism bacterium is at least one in Gram positive actinomycetes, lactic acid bacteria, yeast flora.
Shell of Camelliaoleifera Abel ash in ecological nutrition soil of the present invention, is adopt the shell of oil tea to be formed after firing, has good effectiveness, it is possible to be effectively improved the growth of tea oil tree fruit. Plant fiber's organic matter porositys such as sweet potato waste are big, and hole is many, has stronger ion-exchange performance, and lightweight, water absorbing capacity is strong. Add active microorganism, the growth and breeding of pathogenic microorganism in effective suppression environment, decompose larger molecular organics and make the absorbent small-molecule substance of plant, and the poisonous and harmful substances such as nitrite ammonia nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide can be converted into the nontoxic and utilizable material of plant, and degraded residues in the pesticide on plant and antibiotic. Due in agricultural crop straw containing substantial amounts of organic matter, N P and K and trace element, be the important organic fertilizer resource of agricultural production, there is cost low simultaneously, meet the features such as environmental requirement, be largely used to preparation Flower nutrient soil, and be used widely. Animal wastes are fertilizers comparatively conventional during organic oil tea produces. The present invention in material choice and consumption through substantial amounts of long-term experiment and painstaking efforts, obtain effect best, the allocation plan of the Nutrition Soil of Income Maximum, achieve prominent effect, the oil tea seedling maintenance of load training is easy, owing to fertilizer conservation water holding capacity is strong, heat-resisting, drought-enduring, cold-resistant, one is only and need to apply fertilizer 2 times, and two weeks waters once. Multiple kinds of crops can be effective to, especially the cultivation of seedling, there is the features such as high yield green.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is described in detail below by detailed description of the invention.
Embodiment 1
By 20 kilogram of animal feces, 7 kilograms of bone meal, 4 kilograms of shell of Camelliaoleifera Abel ashes, 49 kilograms of loess, 11 kilograms of sweet potato wastes, 8 kilograms of straw ashs, 1 kilogram of active microorganism bacterium, the raw material of 1 kilogram of humic acid is sufficiently mixed, after blunging again, pour in container, then with covered rearing with plastic film, under the temperature conditions of 60 DEG C, carry out heap fermentation 28 days, take out afterwards and can be used as Nutrition Soil use.
Adopting this Nutrition Soil as the fertilizer of oil tea, the harvesting amount of result display oil tea camellia oleosa seed improved a lot more in the past, and without any chemical fertilizer component residue, greatly improved plantation efficiency and benefit.
Embodiment 2
By 15 kilogram of animal feces, 7 kilograms of bone meal, 5 kilograms of shell of Camelliaoleifera Abel ashes, 50 kilograms of loess, 15 kilograms of sweet potato wastes, 6 kilograms of straw ashs, 0.8 kilogram of active microorganism bacterium, the raw material of 1.2 kilograms of humic acid is sufficiently mixed, after blunging again, pour in container, then with covered rearing with plastic film, under the temperature conditions of 60 DEG C, carry out heap fermentation 25 days, take out afterwards and can be used as Nutrition Soil use.
Adopting the tiling of this Nutrition Soil as the native bed cultivating organic oil tea seedling, the bud ratio of result display Seed of Camellia oleifera is up to 98%, and survives the survival rate of rear seedling up to 99%, and two weeks just need to water twice, greatly improves and plants efficiency and benefit.
Embodiment 3
By 25 kilogram of animal feces, 5 kilograms of bone meal, 5 kilograms of shell of Camelliaoleifera Abel ashes, 40 kilograms of loess, 15 kilograms of sweet potato wastes, 6 kilograms of straw ashs, 0.8 kilogram of active microorganism bacterium, the raw material of 1.2 kilograms of humic acid is sufficiently mixed, after blunging again, pour in container, then with covered rearing with plastic film, under the temperature conditions of 60 DEG C, carry out heap fermentation 25 days, take out afterwards and can be used as Nutrition Soil use.
Adopting the tiling of this Nutrition Soil as the native bed cultivating oil tea seedling, the bud ratio of result display Seed of Camellia oleifera is up to 98%, and survives the survival rate of rear seedling up to 99%, and two weeks just need to water twice, greatly improves and plants efficiency and benefit.
The above; being only the specific embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, any those familiar with the art is in the technical scope that the invention discloses; change can be readily occurred in or replace, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention. Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should described be as the criterion with scope of the claims.

Claims (5)

1. an organic oil tea cultivation Nutrition Soil, is characterized in that: by described shell of Camelliaoleifera Abel ash, described sweet potato waste, described loess, described animal wastes, described straw ash, described bone meal, described humic acid, described active microorganism bacterium is blended, fermentation processing forms, and each component percentage by weight is:
Animal wastes 15-25%
Bone meal 5-8%
Shell of Camelliaoleifera Abel ash 3-5%
Loess 40-50%
Sweet potato waste 6-15%
Humic acid 1-1.2%
Straw ash 6-8%
Active microorganism bacterium 0.5-1%.
2. the preparation method of Nutrition Soil described in is: will be sufficiently mixed by each component raw material of above-mentioned percentage ratio, after blunging again, pour in container, then with covered rearing with plastic film, under the temperature conditions of 40-70 DEG C, carry out heap fermentation 20-30 days, take out afterwards and can be used as Nutrition Soil use.
3. Nutrition Soil according to claim 1, wherein, described animal wastes are chicken manure, cattle manure.
4. the Nutrition Soil according to claim 1-2, wherein, animal wastes are 20%, and bone meal is 7%, shell of Camelliaoleifera Abel ash 4%, loess 48%, sweet potato waste 11%, straw ash 8%, active microorganism bacterium 1%, humic acid 1%.
5. the Nutrition Soil according to claim 1-3, wherein said active microorganism bacterium is at least one in Gram positive actinomycetes, lactic acid bacteria, yeast flora.
CN201610078625.9A 2016-02-04 2016-02-04 Organic oil tree plant cultivation Nutrition Soil Expired - Fee Related CN105638302B (en)

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CN105638302B CN105638302B (en) 2018-06-01

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106105874A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-11-16 张琦 A kind of oil tea cutting seedling transplants seedling medium
CN106234122A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-12-21 陶灵娥 A kind of oil tea high-survival rate cuttage breeding method
CN106258723A (en) * 2016-08-03 2017-01-04 陶灵娥 A kind of Camellia oleifera Cutting Seedling Raising method
CN107711233A (en) * 2016-08-13 2018-02-23 湖南省山森林业开发有限公司 A kind of cultural method of tea oil tree
CN108849176A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-23 贵州环山农业资源开发有限公司 A kind of interplanting method of oil tea and sweet potato
CN110192512A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-09-03 潜山县下河有机茶厂 Nutrition Soil is used in a kind of cultivation of organic tea
CN115053787A (en) * 2020-06-22 2022-09-16 宁夏农林科学院园艺研究所(宁夏设施农业工程技术研究中心) Formula and preparation method of nutrient soil cultivation matrix block

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CN101194586A (en) * 2007-01-25 2008-06-11 李学麒 Roofs greening ecological nutrition soil
CN101611688A (en) * 2009-07-17 2009-12-30 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 The propagation method of using oil-tea young anvil to graft containerized seedlings
CN101647384A (en) * 2009-07-02 2010-02-17 淮阴工学院 Horticultural long-acting and slow-release straw nutritional soil as well as preparation method and using method of nutritional soil substrate
CN101928186A (en) * 2010-03-02 2010-12-29 万光存 Composite microbial fertilizer for controlling crop diseases and insect pests, and preparation method thereof
CN102771353A (en) * 2012-08-18 2012-11-14 管天球 High-efficiency tea-oil tree forest building method
CN102845253A (en) * 2011-06-28 2013-01-02 安徽德昌苗木有限公司 Special base stock bag for oil-tea tree seedling cultivation and preparation method thereof
CN103539587A (en) * 2013-10-24 2014-01-29 安徽环绿生态农业投资发展有限公司 Sweet potato residue and chicken manure fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104126382A (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-11-05 安徽新荣久农业科技有限公司 Method for cultivating camellia oleifera large seedlings by using nutrition pot
CN104186215A (en) * 2014-09-27 2014-12-10 管天球 Cultivation method for large tea-oil tree bonsai
CN104541928A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-04-29 管天球 Method for planting selenium-enriched tea-oil trees
CN104996250A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-10-28 安徽新荣久农业科技有限公司 Quick cultivation method for oil tea bud stock
CN105028118A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-11-11 管天球 Building method for hybrid high-yield tea-oil trees
CN105165524A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-12-23 管天球 Walnut big seedling culture method

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101194586A (en) * 2007-01-25 2008-06-11 李学麒 Roofs greening ecological nutrition soil
CN101647384A (en) * 2009-07-02 2010-02-17 淮阴工学院 Horticultural long-acting and slow-release straw nutritional soil as well as preparation method and using method of nutritional soil substrate
CN101611688A (en) * 2009-07-17 2009-12-30 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 The propagation method of using oil-tea young anvil to graft containerized seedlings
CN101928186A (en) * 2010-03-02 2010-12-29 万光存 Composite microbial fertilizer for controlling crop diseases and insect pests, and preparation method thereof
CN102845253A (en) * 2011-06-28 2013-01-02 安徽德昌苗木有限公司 Special base stock bag for oil-tea tree seedling cultivation and preparation method thereof
CN102771353A (en) * 2012-08-18 2012-11-14 管天球 High-efficiency tea-oil tree forest building method
CN103539587A (en) * 2013-10-24 2014-01-29 安徽环绿生态农业投资发展有限公司 Sweet potato residue and chicken manure fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104126382A (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-11-05 安徽新荣久农业科技有限公司 Method for cultivating camellia oleifera large seedlings by using nutrition pot
CN104186215A (en) * 2014-09-27 2014-12-10 管天球 Cultivation method for large tea-oil tree bonsai
CN104541928A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-04-29 管天球 Method for planting selenium-enriched tea-oil trees
CN104996250A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-10-28 安徽新荣久农业科技有限公司 Quick cultivation method for oil tea bud stock
CN105028118A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-11-11 管天球 Building method for hybrid high-yield tea-oil trees
CN105165524A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-12-23 管天球 Walnut big seedling culture method

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106105874A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-11-16 张琦 A kind of oil tea cutting seedling transplants seedling medium
CN106234122A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-12-21 陶灵娥 A kind of oil tea high-survival rate cuttage breeding method
CN106258723A (en) * 2016-08-03 2017-01-04 陶灵娥 A kind of Camellia oleifera Cutting Seedling Raising method
CN107711233A (en) * 2016-08-13 2018-02-23 湖南省山森林业开发有限公司 A kind of cultural method of tea oil tree
CN108849176A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-23 贵州环山农业资源开发有限公司 A kind of interplanting method of oil tea and sweet potato
CN110192512A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-09-03 潜山县下河有机茶厂 Nutrition Soil is used in a kind of cultivation of organic tea
CN115053787A (en) * 2020-06-22 2022-09-16 宁夏农林科学院园艺研究所(宁夏设施农业工程技术研究中心) Formula and preparation method of nutrient soil cultivation matrix block

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