CN102826930A - Plant multi-element nutrient fermentation compound fertilizer - Google Patents

Plant multi-element nutrient fermentation compound fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102826930A
CN102826930A CN2012103642788A CN201210364278A CN102826930A CN 102826930 A CN102826930 A CN 102826930A CN 2012103642788 A CN2012103642788 A CN 2012103642788A CN 201210364278 A CN201210364278 A CN 201210364278A CN 102826930 A CN102826930 A CN 102826930A
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fermentation
nutrient
plant
compound fertilizer
fertilizer
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CN2012103642788A
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Chinese (zh)
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陈夕初
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陈夕初
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Priority to CN2012103642788A priority Critical patent/CN102826930A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a plant multi-element nutrient fermentation compound fertilizer which is prepared through the following steps: pouring 20 parts of poultry/livestock manure, 20 parts of vegetable oil dreg, 1 part of leavening agent and 1 part of sulfur powder into a fermenting tank; adding water, uniformly stirring, sealing the fermenting tank, and fermenting for 150-200 days; and when the fermentation process is finished (i.e. no gas is discharged from the fermenting tank), removing the seal of the fermenting tank, and filtering and extracting a concentrated solution to obtain the fermentation compound fertilizer containing multiple nutrient elements. The plant multi-element nutrient fermentation compound fertilizer is rich in biological active substances and comprehensive in nutrient; the stress tolerance and the disease and pest resistance of crops can be enhanced; after the fermentation compound fertilizer is applied, bacteria such as nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria and the like carried in the fermentation compound fertilizer can convert nutrient substances in the soil so as to be used by the crops; the quality of agricultural products can be obviously improved; and the yield increase and income increase of the crops can be promoted. Thus, the plant multi-element nutrient fermentation compound fertilizer is suitable for the planting of flowers, vegetables, fruits, melons, grains and the like.

Description

The compoiste fermented fertilizer of plant multi-component nutrients
Technical field
The present invention relates to International Classification of Patents C05G by material or the mixture of fertilizer, especially the plant multi-component nutrients compoiste fermented fertilizer of one or more fertilizer with no special fertilizer efficiency.
Background technology
In the known technology; Present vegetables or fruit are from the whole growth process of seedling to harvesting time; The compound manure that uses chemical fertilizer or chemical fertilizer and organic fertilizer to be mixed and made into invariably; Various food crop germinate between solid harvest time from growing seedlings or sowing, and all will use the chemical fertilizer of different types of suitable different growing stages to quicken the growth of plant, equally also be unable to do without chemical fertilizer and reach effect of increasing production.Its maximum benefit is to shorten vegetative period, and is ripe fast, instant effect.But the quality of vegetables or grain just worse and worse; Not only the sense of taste is bad, influences appetite of people, the more important thing is because of a large amount of chemical fertilizer that use; Bring the inorganic chemistry material in the crop, cause the mankind's of edible vegetable or grain the healthy problem of bringing by these vegetables or grain that also receives.Therefore, be exactly a kind of extravagant hope having no grain or the vegetables planted under the industrial gaseous waste waste pollution condition of chemical fertilizer or alternate manner, be called as green food.
Existing foliage fertilizer, nutritive medium, nutrient substance can both make farm crop raising the output in various degree, but amount of increase in production are very low.The one, biological agent all of no use and nanometer means are carried out cracking, and having used many can damage farm crop; The 2nd, soft-shelled turtle mixture class can not really change into non-toxic organic selenium with poisonous mineral inorganic selenium, and making farm crop only is below 1/10 of organoselenium to its absorbed dose; The 3rd, do not use the special bio microbial inoculum, the chemical pesticide that can not dissolve in corps leaf surface and the water and soil environment is residual; The 4th, there is not the nano-catalytic promoter action to make its effect low; The 5th, amount of application is too low, only executes about 300 to 800 grams for every mu, and it is harmful to have executed many, acts on very little.
In addition, owing to using of a large amount of chemical fertilizer, soil compaction, deteriorating water quality, the agricultural-food severe contamination, whole farmland ecological environment and people's living environment is affected, and Sustainable development how to keep China's agricultural has caused the great attention of governments at all levels.Composite microbiological fertilizer is the goods that contain the specified microorganisms live body, is applied to agriculture prodn, through the vital movement of its contained mikrobe, increases the supply of plant nutrient or promotes plant-growth, improves output, improves quality of agricultural product and agroecological environment.According to the requirement of the composite microbiological fertilizer industry standard NY/T798-2004 of the Ministry of Agriculture, living bacteria count is the key technical indexes of this product, and the living bacteria count amount must be greater than 2 * 10 7Individual/gram, total nutrient (N+P 2O 5+ K 2O) must be greater than 6%, but to guarantee high number of viable, the support material that accounts for formula for a product ratio 70%-80% is the principal element that influences number of viable.The producer that produces the composite microbiological fertilizer product now utilizes the peat composed of rotten mosses or differentiation coal as carrier.The peat composed of rotten mosses contains great number of organic matters with breaking up in the coal, and C/N can guarantee the number of viable of mikrobe than the life condition that meets mikrobe.But the peat composed of rotten mosses belongs to mineral substance with the differentiation coal; Receive the restriction of national resources, exploitation can destroy ecology in a large number, and executes very difficult dissolving in soil; Organic matter wherein and humic acids are difficult to by crop utilization; Influence fertilizer efficiency, the peat composed of rotten mosses also goes up with the price of differentiation coal year by year simultaneously, and production cost of products is also improving year by year.And, owing to do not contain n-p-k element or content is few in the currently available products starting material, often need add n p k fertilizer aborning; Mineral ions a large amount of in the product have increased osmotic pressure; Influence the survival of mikrobe, viable count is reduced, influenced quality product.Above shortcoming has all influenced the popularization of composite microbiological fertilizer.
If according to traditional method, directly, can damage plant to a large amount of applicationss of farmyard manure of soil, because contain a large amount of germs in the part farm manure, generally do not handle by fermentation yet, be prone to cause crop pest.
The technology improved disclose less, and representational technology is like, the working method of one Chinese patent application number 97118173 organic inorganic composite fertilizers, with the organic materials fermentation, dry after with the chemical fertilizer granulation that is surrounded by slow-release material.
One Chinese patent application number 200,710,046,745 1 kinds of methods of producing soluble composite microorganism fertilizer; With subtilis; The independent fermentative prodn of bacillus megaterium and Bacillus mucilaginosus; Bacterium liquid after the fermentation is respectively with peat composed of rotten mosses absorption, with the single microbial inoculum after three kinds of absorption according to 1: the mixed of 0.9-1.2: 0.9-1.2, pulverizing obtain complex micro organism fungicide.
One Chinese patent application number 200910218330 organic composite fertilizers, raw material comprises rabbit excrement, silkworm excrement, pig manure, cow dung and sheep excrement, mixes through fermentation by a certain percentage and processes; It is characterized in that containing in the constituent rabbit excrement 40-70%, silkworm excrement 5-15%, pig manure 5-15%; Cow dung 5-20%, sheep excrement 3-12%.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide the compoiste fermented fertilizer of a kind of plant multi-component nutrients, biologically active substance is abundant, and the nutritive substance that can transform after using in the soil is that crop is used.
Goal of the invention of the present invention realizes through following technical measures: pour poultry domestic animals manure, each 20 parts of vegetable oil residues and starter, SULPHUR POWDER into fermentation vat for each 1 part; Add water and stir, and with fermentation vat sealing, fermentation time 150-200 days; When in the fermentation vat no longer during emission gases fermenting process accomplish; After the unpacking, filter and extract liquid concentrator, make the compoiste fermented fertilizer that contains multi-nutrient element.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: biologically active substance is abundant, and nutrient is comprehensive, helps promoting plant growth; Manure of livestock and poultry urine raw material is rich in organic matter, and the required nitrogen of plant growth, phosphorus, potassium and multiple middle trace element are provided comprehensively, uses the back and promotes probiotics to breed fast; Suppress the harmful microorganism growth, produce plurality of enzymes simultaneously, promote the healthy and strong growth of crop; Degeneration-resistant and the diseases and insect pests resistance of enhancing crop reduces pesticide dosage, alleviates continuous cropping obstacle; Simultaneously; The vinelandii of carrying, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria etc.; The nutritive substance that can transform after using in the soil is that crop is used, for crop provides nutrient, significantly improves quality of agricultural product continually; Can promote crop yield, increase income, be applicable to plantations such as flowers, vegetables, fruit, melon and fruit, grain.Realize organic fertilizer batch production production, can process general fertilizer; Also can add the work piece dedicated fertilizer.Be to produce the green fertilizer that green vegetables, grain, fruit and kind grow flowers and nurse the grass.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a preparing compound fertilizer synoptic diagram among the present invention
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is further specified.
Pour poultry domestic animals manure, each 20 parts of vegetable oil residues and starter, SULPHUR POWDER into fermentation vat for each 1 part; Add water and stir, and with fermentation vat sealing, fermentation time 150-200 days; When in the fermentation vat no longer during emission gases fermenting process accomplish; After the unpacking, filter and extract liquid concentrator, make the compoiste fermented fertilizer that contains multi-nutrient element.
As embodiment, with respectively 500 kilograms of pig, sheep, ox, chicken manure, vegetable oil residues, starter, SULPHUR POWDER are poured fermentation vat into for each 25 kilograms; Add water and stir, and with fermentation vat sealing, fermentation time 180 days; When in the fermentation vat no longer during emission gases fermenting process accomplish; After the unpacking, filter and extract liquid concentrator, make the compoiste fermented fertilizer that contains multi-nutrient element.
Among the present invention, during the fermentation, extract the inflammable gas that fermentation produces.Such as biogas etc.The residue that fermentation produces is processed solid waste through drying, pulverizing, and directly uses.
Multiple pure natural mineral trace elements such as magnesium, boron, copper, iron, zinc, calcium, sulphur are rich in the present invention, be nontoxic, do not have any hormone, the multi-functional plant class of a pollution-free pure natural organic fertilizer special.The plant multi-element fertilizer uses plant or above the farm crop, can not impose chemical fertilizer, can also reach resistant effect, promotes the plantation of green organic food.
The present invention can improve and receive the chemical fertilizer invasion and attack acidifying and the soil that hardens, and improves soil physical and chemical property, and chessom strengthens the gas permeability of soil, increases substantially soil fertility, makes soil recover ecosystem gradually.
Biologically active substance is abundant among the present invention, and nutrient is comprehensive, helps promoting plant growth; Manure of livestock and poultry urine raw material is rich in organic matter, and the required nitrogen of plant growth, phosphorus, potassium and multiple middle trace element are provided comprehensively, uses the back and promotes probiotics to breed fast; Suppress the harmful microorganism growth, produce plurality of enzymes simultaneously, promote the healthy and strong growth of crop; Degeneration-resistant and the diseases and insect pests resistance of enhancing crop reduces pesticide dosage, alleviates continuous cropping obstacle; Simultaneously; The vinelandii of carrying, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria etc.; The nutritive substance that can transform after using in the soil is that crop is used, for crop provides nutrient, significantly improves quality of agricultural product continually; Can promote crop yield, increase income, be applicable to plantations such as flowers, vegetables, fruit, melon and fruit, grain.

Claims (4)

1. the compoiste fermented fertilizer of plant multi-component nutrients is characterized in that: pour poultry domestic animals manure, each 20 parts of vegetable oil residues and starter, SULPHUR POWDER into fermentation vat for each 1 part, add water and stir; And fermentation vat sealed; Fermentation time 150-200 days, when in the fermentation vat no longer during emission gases fermenting process accomplish, after the unpacking; Filter and extract liquid concentrator, make the compoiste fermented fertilizer that contains multi-nutrient element.
2. the compoiste fermented fertilizer of plant multi-component nutrients as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, with respectively 500 kilograms of pig, sheep, ox, chicken manure, vegetable oil residues; Starter, SULPHUR POWDER are poured fermentation vat into for each 25 kilograms, add water and stir, and fermentation vat is sealed; Fermentation time 180 days, when in the fermentation vat no longer during emission gases fermenting process accomplish, after the unpacking; Filter and extract liquid concentrator, make the compoiste fermented fertilizer that contains multi-nutrient element.
3. the compoiste fermented fertilizer of plant multi-component nutrients as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, during the fermentation, extracts the inflammable gas that fermentation produces.
4. the compoiste fermented fertilizer of plant multi-component nutrients as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the residue that fermentation produces is processed solid waste through drying, pulverizing, and directly uses.
CN2012103642788A 2012-09-27 2012-09-27 Plant multi-element nutrient fermentation compound fertilizer Pending CN102826930A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108689735A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-10-23 钟山县良丰生态农业有限公司 A kind of Biological organic foliar fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN108689734A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-10-23 钟山县良丰生态农业有限公司 Biological organic foliar fertilizer
CN108706997A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-10-26 钟山县良丰生态农业有限公司 A kind of Biological organic foliar fertilizer
CN109121621A (en) * 2017-06-19 2019-01-04 沈国强 A kind of method that AM microbial-bacterial fertilizer is applied in the punching of dynamic liquid

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1398825A (en) * 2002-08-09 2003-02-26 哈力克·艾力 Composite foxtail-like sophora fertilizer and its production process
CN101182257A (en) * 2007-11-21 2008-05-21 刘贵明 Multi-nutrient organic compound fertilizer and method for manufacturing the same
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CN101774845A (en) * 2009-12-17 2010-07-14 赵东科 High-efficient microbial organic fertilizer and production technology thereof
CN102093138A (en) * 2011-01-05 2011-06-15 李印堂 Method for producing liquid organic fertilizer by utilizing fresh chicken manures
JP2011184267A (en) * 2010-03-10 2011-09-22 Ritsumeikan New method for producing high quality compost

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1398825A (en) * 2002-08-09 2003-02-26 哈力克·艾力 Composite foxtail-like sophora fertilizer and its production process
CN101182257A (en) * 2007-11-21 2008-05-21 刘贵明 Multi-nutrient organic compound fertilizer and method for manufacturing the same
CN101503315A (en) * 2009-03-18 2009-08-12 华富腐植酸集团有限公司天水银宝化工厂 Humic acid biological organic composite bacterial manure and production process
CN101774845A (en) * 2009-12-17 2010-07-14 赵东科 High-efficient microbial organic fertilizer and production technology thereof
JP2011184267A (en) * 2010-03-10 2011-09-22 Ritsumeikan New method for producing high quality compost
CN102093138A (en) * 2011-01-05 2011-06-15 李印堂 Method for producing liquid organic fertilizer by utilizing fresh chicken manures

Non-Patent Citations (1)

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Title
钱晓刚: "《土壤改良与培肥技术》", 31 December 1999, article "土壤不良性质的改良" *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109121621A (en) * 2017-06-19 2019-01-04 沈国强 A kind of method that AM microbial-bacterial fertilizer is applied in the punching of dynamic liquid
CN108689735A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-10-23 钟山县良丰生态农业有限公司 A kind of Biological organic foliar fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN108689734A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-10-23 钟山县良丰生态农业有限公司 Biological organic foliar fertilizer
CN108706997A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-10-26 钟山县良丰生态农业有限公司 A kind of Biological organic foliar fertilizer

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Application publication date: 20121219