CN105612984A - Water-saving and high-yield cultivation method of winter wheat - Google Patents

Water-saving and high-yield cultivation method of winter wheat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105612984A
CN105612984A CN201510966219.1A CN201510966219A CN105612984A CN 105612984 A CN105612984 A CN 105612984A CN 201510966219 A CN201510966219 A CN 201510966219A CN 105612984 A CN105612984 A CN 105612984A
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China
Prior art keywords
winter wheat
seed
seedling
soil
winter
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Pending
Application number
CN201510966219.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴彩琴
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CHANGSHU XINZHUANG TOWN SHUANGBANG AGRICULTURAL LAND SHARE COOPERATIVE
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CHANGSHU XINZHUANG TOWN SHUANGBANG AGRICULTURAL LAND SHARE COOPERATIVE
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Priority to CN201510966219.1A priority Critical patent/CN105612984A/en
Publication of CN105612984A publication Critical patent/CN105612984A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a water-saving and high-yield cultivation method of winter wheat. The method comprises steps as follows: (1) seed selection and treatment; (2) land preparation and fertilizer application; (3) sowing; (4) field management; (5) harvesting in due time. According to the water-saving and high-yield cultivation method of the winter wheat, insects and diseases can be effectively controlled through cultivation in due time and field management, the phenomenon of vigorous growth of the winter wheat before the winter is avoided, and influences of drought on growth of the winter wheat are avoided.

Description

A kind of winter wheat saving irrigation model cultural method
Technical field
The present invention relates to winter wheat culture technical field, particularly relate to a kind of winter wheat saving irrigation model cultural method.
Background technology
Winter wheat is the cereal crops that China is main, occupies critical role in China's agricultural production. Winter wheat mainly originates from the ground such as Jiangsu, Anhui, Shandong, Hebei, is grown on mountain area more, has higher nutritive value. China's multiple area Winter Wheat Planted is with a long history, plant experienced, but along with Global Temperature changes, before China winter wheat winter in recent years, prosperous long phenomenon is serious, make winter wheat grow before surviving the winter too fast, grow too early, when meeting with cold current, be subject to freeze injury, occur that dead Seedling or wheat heads developmental are incomplete, cause certain economic loss to agricultural production. And with temperature Change, multiple winter wheat growing area continuous drought, also result in harm to the growth of winter wheat in recent years.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that present invention mainly solves is to provide a kind of winter wheat saving irrigation model cultural method, it is possible to be effectively improved yield, prosperous long phenomenon before the solution winter, it is to avoid winter wheat growth is caused too much impact by arid.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: provides a kind of winter wheat saving irrigation model cultural method, comprises the steps:
(1) seed selection and process: disease resistance is strong, yield is high, more than three grades wheat seeds of the national regulation of storage tolerance in selection, screening full seed, healthy and strong seed, in fine day by seed dry in the sun 1-2 days, soak 30��40min with seed-soaking liquid, pull out and dry;
(2) site preparation and fertilization: select the invigorating plot of physical features; Treat that soil moisture content is 10��30%, every 1000m2Nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 10��20kg, carbamide 20��30kg, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 20��30kg make base fertilizer; After fertilising, plough deeply, make fertilizer and soil fully mix, then rake a kind of farm tools and suppression, make soil table in small, broken bits, smooth;
(3) sowing: Optimal sowing date is Jiangsu Province mid-October; The seed will handled well in step (1), uses seeder drilling, waits line-spacing to sow; Every mu of application rate is 15-20kg;
(4) field management: include looking into that Seedling is filled the gaps with seedlings, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, intertillage are loosened the soil and heavy dressing liquid manure;
Look into Seedling to fill the gaps with seedlings: after emerging, look into Seedling in time, it has been found that the disconnected ridge that is short of seedling is reseeded in time.
Pest management: before the winter, seedling stage notes the pest and disease damage such as leafhopper, small brown rice planthopper, the later stage notes observation moth and powdery mildew, and a situation arises, and the mixed liquor spraying carbendazim and triadimefon wettable powder can carry out the preventing and treating of the pest and disease damage such as leafhopper, small brown rice planthopper;
Intertillage is loosened the soil and heavy dressing liquid manure: period of seedling establishment intertillage is loosened the soil, and improves ground temperature; Phase of standing up does not water, restraining the growth of seedlings control joint; Water in time during flowering and grouting, add nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 1��3kg/ mu;
(5) harvesting in good time: choose the right moment, gather in the crops in good time, it is prevented that tassel germinates.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (1), described seed-soaking liquid is the mixed liquor of 0.3��0.5% copper-bath, 300 times of liquid of thiophanate methyl and 30% 400 times of liquid of carbendazim.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (2), described in plough deeply thickness be 8��10cm.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (3), described sowing line-spacing is 10cm, depth of planting 4-6cm.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (4), the mixed volume of described carbendazim and triadimefon wettable powder is than for 2:1.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: one winter wheat saving irrigation model cultural method of the present invention, by cultivating and field management in good time, it is possible to effectively prevention and elimination of disease and pests, improve yield, prosperous long phenomenon before the solution winter wheat winter, it is to avoid winter wheat growth is caused too much impact by arid.
Detailed description of the invention
Below presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is described in detail, so that advantages and features of the invention can be easier to be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, thus protection scope of the present invention being made apparent clear and definite defining.
The embodiment of the present invention includes:
Embodiment 1
Present invention is disclosed a kind of winter wheat saving irrigation model cultural method, specifically comprise the following steps that
(1) seed selection and process: disease resistance is strong, yield is high, more than three grades wheat seeds of the national regulation of storage tolerance in selection, screening full seed, healthy and strong seed, in fine day by seed dry in the sun 1-2 days, soak 40min with the seed-soaking liquid of 0.5% copper-bath, 300 times of liquid of thiophanate methyl and 30% 400 times of liquid mixed liquors of carbendazim, pull out and dry;
(2) site preparation and fertilization: select the invigorating plot of physical features; Treat that soil moisture content is 10��30%, every 1000m2Nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 10��20kg, carbamide 20��30kg, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 20��30kg make base fertilizer; After fertilising, plough deeply 10cm, make fertilizer and soil fully mix, then rake a kind of farm tools and suppression, make soil table in small, broken bits, smooth;
(3) sowing: Optimal sowing date is Jiangsu Province mid-October; The seed will handled well in step (1), uses seeder drilling, waits line-spacing to sow, and line-spacing is 10cm, depth of planting 4-6cm; Every mu of application rate is 15-20kg;
(4) field management: include looking into that Seedling is filled the gaps with seedlings, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, intertillage are loosened the soil and heavy dressing liquid manure;
Look into Seedling to fill the gaps with seedlings: after emerging, look into Seedling in time, it has been found that the disconnected ridge that is short of seedling is reseeded in time.
Pest management: before the winter, seedling stage notes the pest and disease damage such as leafhopper, small brown rice planthopper, later stage notes observation moth and powdery mildew, and a situation arises, and sprinkling carbendazim and triadimefon wettable powder mixed volume carry out the preventing and treating of the pest and disease damage such as leafhopper, small brown rice planthopper than the mixed liquor for 2:1;
Intertillage is loosened the soil and heavy dressing liquid manure: period of seedling establishment intertillage is loosened the soil, and improves ground temperature; Phase of standing up does not water, restraining the growth of seedlings control joint; Water in time during flowering and grouting, add nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 1��3kg/ mu;
(5) harvesting in good time: choose the right moment, gather in the crops in good time, it is prevented that tassel germinates, the winter wheat of said method cultivation, 1000m2Output increased 20��30%, economic benefit improve 10��25%.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present invention is limited; every equivalent structure utilizing description of the present invention to make or equivalence flow process conversion; or directly or indirectly it is used in other relevant technical fields, all in like manner include in the scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a winter wheat saving irrigation model cultural method, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
(1) seed selection and process: disease resistance is strong, yield is high, more than three grades wheat seeds of the national regulation of storage tolerance in selection, screening full seed, healthy and strong seed, in fine day by seed dry in the sun 1��2 day, soak 30��40min with seed-soaking liquid, pull out and dry;
(2) site preparation and fertilization: select the invigorating plot of physical features; Treat that soil moisture content is 10��30%, every 1000m2Nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 10��20kg, carbamide 20��30kg, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 20��30kg make base fertilizer; After fertilising, plough deeply, make fertilizer and soil fully mix, then rake a kind of farm tools and suppression, make soil table in small, broken bits, smooth;
(3) sowing: Optimal sowing date is Jiangsu Province mid-October; The seed will handled well in step (1), uses seeder drilling, waits line-spacing to sow; Every mu of application rate is 15��20kg;
(4) field management: include looking into that Seedling is filled the gaps with seedlings, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, intertillage are loosened the soil and heavy dressing liquid manure;
Look into Seedling to fill the gaps with seedlings: after emerging, look into Seedling in time, it has been found that the disconnected ridge that is short of seedling is reseeded in time;
(5) pest management: before the winter, seedling stage notes the pest and disease damage such as leafhopper, small brown rice planthopper, the later stage notes observation moth and powdery mildew, and a situation arises, and the mixed liquor spraying carbendazim and triadimefon wettable powder can carry out the preventing and treating of the pest and disease damage such as leafhopper, small brown rice planthopper;
Intertillage is loosened the soil and heavy dressing liquid manure: period of seedling establishment intertillage is loosened the soil, and improves ground temperature; Phase of standing up does not water, restraining the growth of seedlings control joint; Water in time during flowering and grouting, add nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 1��3kg/ mu;
(6) harvesting in good time: choose the right moment, gather in the crops in good time, it is prevented that tassel germinates.
2. a kind of winter wheat saving irrigation model cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in described step (1), described seed-soaking liquid is the mixed liquor of 0.3��0.5% copper-bath, 300 times of liquid of thiophanate methyl and 30% 400 times of liquid of carbendazim.
3. a kind of winter wheat saving irrigation model cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in described step (2), described in plough deeply thickness be 8��10cm.
4. a kind of winter wheat saving irrigation model cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in described step (3), described sowing line-spacing is 10cm, depth of planting 4-6cm.
5. a kind of winter wheat saving irrigation model cultural method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in described step (4), the mixed volume of described carbendazim and triadimefon wettable powder ratio is for 2:1.
CN201510966219.1A 2015-12-22 2015-12-22 Water-saving and high-yield cultivation method of winter wheat Pending CN105612984A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106105701A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-11-16 刘刚 A kind of implantation methods of high-quality Semen Tritici aestivi
CN106171369A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-12-07 刘刚 A kind of wheat planting method increased percent protein
CN108684469A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-10-23 洪志锋 A kind of winter wheat special fertilizer and the implantation methods of winter wheat
CN108739155A (en) * 2018-06-19 2018-11-06 安徽农业大学 A kind of close equal waterlogging-resistant stain cultural method of nitrogen of winter wheat drop
CN109258035A (en) * 2018-09-10 2019-01-25 沛县微湖绿源米业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of preventing disease and pest rice

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105075591A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-11-25 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所 Method for rotation planting cultivation of winter wheat and summer corn
CN105075570A (en) * 2014-05-19 2015-11-25 天津市蓟县白云黑土农作物种植专业合作社 A winter wheat high yield planting technology

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105075570A (en) * 2014-05-19 2015-11-25 天津市蓟县白云黑土农作物种植专业合作社 A winter wheat high yield planting technology
CN105075591A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-11-25 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所 Method for rotation planting cultivation of winter wheat and summer corn

Non-Patent Citations (1)

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Title
佚名: ""2010-2011年小麦高产创建技术规范模式图", 《360个人图书馆HTTP://WWW.360DOC.COM/CONTENT/11/0104/15/2838407_83885703.SHTML》 *

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106105701A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-11-16 刘刚 A kind of implantation methods of high-quality Semen Tritici aestivi
CN106171369A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-12-07 刘刚 A kind of wheat planting method increased percent protein
CN108684469A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-10-23 洪志锋 A kind of winter wheat special fertilizer and the implantation methods of winter wheat
CN108739155A (en) * 2018-06-19 2018-11-06 安徽农业大学 A kind of close equal waterlogging-resistant stain cultural method of nitrogen of winter wheat drop
CN109258035A (en) * 2018-09-10 2019-01-25 沛县微湖绿源米业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of preventing disease and pest rice

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