CN110122221A - A kind of implantation methods for alleviating highland barley lodging - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods for alleviating highland barley lodging Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110122221A
CN110122221A CN201910495075.4A CN201910495075A CN110122221A CN 110122221 A CN110122221 A CN 110122221A CN 201910495075 A CN201910495075 A CN 201910495075A CN 110122221 A CN110122221 A CN 110122221A
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highland barley
lodging
stage
seedling
seed
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焦国成
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Institute Of Agriculture Tibet Autonomous Region Academy Of Agriculture And Animal Husbandry
Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine of Tibet Academy of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Sciences
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Institute Of Agriculture Tibet Autonomous Region Academy Of Agriculture And Animal Husbandry
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/08Immunising seed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/20Cereals

Abstract

The invention belongs to crop planting technical fields, a kind of implantation methods of alleviation highland barley lodging are specifically disclosed, specifically includes the following steps: S1, site preparation;S2, fertilising;S3, seed selection and seed soaking;S4, sowing;S5, field management: 1) seedling management;2) it irrigates;3) top dressing;4) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control;5) intertillage suppression.The implantation methods provided by the invention for alleviating highland barley lodging can effectively enhance highland barley lodging resistance by the reasonable management to the entire growth cycle of highland barley, while can increase the yield of highland barley again, improving highland barley quality.

Description

A kind of implantation methods for alleviating highland barley lodging
Technical field
The invention belongs to crop planting technical fields, specifically disclose a kind of implantation methods of alleviation highland barley lodging.
Background technique
Highland barley is a kind of cereal crop of grass family Hordeum, mainly produced in Tibet, China, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan etc. Ground is the main food of Tibetan people.Highland barley has long cultivation history in Qinghai-Tibet Platean, 3500 existing away from the present, from object Field of spirit culture is extended among matter culture, highland barley text with rich connotation and ethnic characteristics is formd on Qinghai-Tibet Platean Change.Highland barley has nutritive value abundant, and the highland barley products such as highland barley fine dried noodles, highland barley steamed bun, barley nutritional powder have been introduced.In medicine Property effect in terms of, highland barley has the effect of tonifying spleen, nourishing the stomach, QI invigorating, antidiarrheal, strengthening tendons power.
Highland barley is easy to appear lodging phenomenon during the growth process, influences growth, harvest, causes the underproduction.The lodging one of highland barley As refer to that highland barley ears to the highland barley plant that this mature stage occurs and lodge phenomenon, root lodging can be divided into, stem lodges two classes.Root Lodging mainly as plough horizon is shallow, soil texture is bad, soil moisture is excessive and caused by, stem lodge be due to stem Internode is elongated, plant is excessively high, so that highland barley mechanical tissue intensity difference, or chance driving rain, heavy rain etc. is caused highland barley by pest and disease damage infringement Lodging.It lodges more early, more, loss is bigger, only the lodging of control highland barley, can be only achieved highland barley cultivation high and stable yields.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of implantation methods of alleviation highland barley lodging, passes through the reasonable pipe to the entire growth cycle of highland barley Reason, can effectively enhance highland barley lodging resistance, while can increase the yield of highland barley again, improving the quality of highland barley.
The implantation methods provided by the invention for alleviating highland barley lodging, specifically includes the following steps:
S1, site preparation: selection irrigation conditions preferably, the plot of middle fertility, after preceding crop harvest, it is freeze-up it is preceding in time Harrow a kind of farm tools suppression;
S2, fertilising: 1800-2200kg/ mus sufficiently decomposed of organic fertilizer of application, 30-40kg/ mus of ternary compound fertilizer, sulfuric acid 3-5kg/ mus of zinc, make base manure application;
S3, seed selection and seed soaking: selecting high-quality highland barley seed, and be exposed to the sun 1-2d, and it is 0.8-1.2% that mass fraction is used after basking seeds Limewash soak seed 5-7d, prevent the occurrence injury of highland barley smut, rust, powdery mildew;
The dosage of the 0.8-1.2% limewash is 80-100 jins/55 jin seeds;
S4, sowing: after the 15-25cm that deep ploughs prior to seeding, dry field 6-10 days, machine was harrowed 2-3 times;Annual late March is in 5 months Ten days progress drilling, depth of planting 4-6cm, line-spacing 15-25cm, 14-15kg/ mus of application rate;
S5, field management:
1) seedling management: removing overstocked seedling, when meeting weak seedling, being short of seedling, fills the gaps with seedlings in time;
2) it irrigates: going to cut weeds before irrigation, respectively irrigate once, emerging in the seeding stage, jointing stage and boot stage of highland barley Phase and jointing stage irrigation amount should not be too large, boot stage according to growing state using it is a small amount of it is multiple by the way of increase irrigation amount, How much florescence takes the circumstances into consideration to be irrigated according to local rainfall, when irrigation using it is a small amount of it is multiple by the way of carry out, and it is timely in rainy season Prevention waterlogging draining;
3) top dressing: at tri-leaf period, additional 2-5kg urea/mu, 8-10kg Diammonium phosphate (DAP)/mu, if seedling stage tiller it is normal, Leaf development can normally reduce topdressing amount or in the period not top dressing;Boot stage is urea 3-4kg/ mus additional;The spray of heading stage blade face Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 2-3 times that mass fraction is 3-5% is applied, every 7-10d is sprayed once;
Wherein, the biphosphate potassium application rate is 200-300g/ mus;
5) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: in jointing stage and boot stage, disease prevention medicament foliar spray is used respectively, was sprayed every 7-10 days Once, even spray 2-3 times;At heading stage, primary every spray in 7-10 days using insect-pest medicament foliar spray, even spray 2-3 times;
6) intertillage suppression: field sufficient to fertility, having excessive growth trend is intertilled in time, suppresses inhibition growth.
Preferably, ternary compound fertilizer described in step S2 is 20-10-10 type ternary compound fertilizer.
Preferably, seed soaking described in step S3 stands seed soaking under the conditions of being 15 DEG C.
Preferably, disease prevention medicament described in step S5 is carbendazim that mass fraction is 50% or mass fraction is 25% It is any in 500 times of dilutions of triadimefon;The insect-pest medicament is that mass fraction is 5% imidacloprid wettable powder 2000-3000 times of dilution or mass fraction are any one in 20% 1000 times of dilutions for killing chrysanthemum rouge.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the benefit that
Provided by the invention to alleviate highland barley implantation methods resistant to lodging, by site preparation, making soil is in defincienct in the upper and excessive in the lower state, Be conducive to soil conservation moisture and highland barley plant take root it is firm;Seed soaking is carried out to seed prior to seeding, and in planting process Medicament is sprayed, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is carried out to highland barley plant, is conducive to stem tissue normal development, stem wall intensity is avoided to be deteriorated, is increased Strong plant power resistant to lodging;It is filled the gaps with seedlings by mechanical drilling and seedling thinning, can guarantee that highland barley is rationally sowed by specification, keep field stingy It waits well, seedling highland barley robust growth reduces pest and disease damage, is conducive to highland barley normal growth, power enhancing resistant to lodging;And drilling makes Highland barley illumination is sufficient, pest and disease damage is few, is conducive to the synthesis of carbohydrate, improves the yield and quality of highland barley;In addition, planting In the process, Rational Irrigation controls the moisture of plant seeding stage and jointing stage, to reduce tiller position, and stem wall is thickeied, elasticity Good stalk decentralization increases the stationarity of entire highland barley plant in the soil, lodging resistance enhancing;In boot stage and bloom Phase according to growing state using it is a small amount of it is multiple by the way of increase irrigation amount, using it is a small amount of it is multiple by the way of water, fringe can be shortened Lower part panel length makes the stalk decentralization of elasticity and good toughness, highland barley can be effectively prevent to lodge;The present invention passes through to blueness The reasonable management of the entire growth cycle of highland barley can make highland barley seedling healthy and strong, effectively enhance its lodging resistance, while can improve highland barley again Yield and quality.
Specific embodiment
In order to enable those skilled in the art to more fully understand, technical solution of the present invention is practiced, below with reference to specific The invention will be further described for embodiment, but illustrated embodiment is not as a limitation of the invention.
The highland barley seed of following embodiment selection is spring sowing seed, and the specific sowing time can be according to the ring in sowing area Border specific choice, such as according to water preferably morning, nonirrigated farmland are preferably slow;Height above sea level is preferably early, height above sea level is low preferably late;Schattenseite is preferably early, tailo is preferably slow;It is glutinous Local product is early, sand is preferably slow;Late-maturing suitable early, precocious preferably slow principle determines suitable sowing time;Specifically, such as Shigatse District one As mid or late April to mid-May sow;Lhasa, Linzhi, the Shannan Prefecture are generally in sowing at the beginning of first arrival in April 5 months;Qamdo Prefecture Generally sowed in early or mid April to early or mid May.
Embodiment 1
A kind of implantation methods for alleviating highland barley lodging, specifically includes the following steps:
S1, site preparation: selection irrigation conditions preferably, the plot of middle fertility, after preceding crop harvest, it is freeze-up it is preceding in time A kind of farm tools suppression is harrowed, breaking down particles make prepartion of land, and soil is made to keep defincienct in the upper and excessive in the lower state, are conducive to keep soil moisture;
S2, fertilising: 1800kg/ mus sufficiently decomposed of organic fertilizer of application, 30kg/ mus of ternary compound fertilizer, 3kg/ mus of zinc sulfate, Make base manure application;
Wherein, ternary compound fertilizer is 20-10-10 type ternary compound fertilizer, i.e., the content of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium in the ternary compound fertilizer Than for 20:10:10;
S3, seed selection and seed soaking: selecting high-quality highland barley seed, and be exposed to the sun 1d, is exposed to the sun and the gas permeability of kind of skin can be improved, make seed The activity of internal enzyme is reinforced, and promotes seed to sprout, the vitality of enhancing seed, is conducive to the growth and development in seedling stage in later period;It basks seeds Seed soaking 5d is stood under the conditions of 15 DEG C using the limewash that mass fraction is 0.8% afterwards, not stirred during seed soaking, Ke Yiyou Effect prevents the occurrence injury of highland barley smut, rust, powdery mildew;
Wherein, the dosage of 0.8% limewash is 100 jin/55 jin seeds;
S4, sowing: prior to seeding by after soil deep ploughing 15cm, dry field 6 days, then machine rake 2 times, keeping soil sufficiently broken, and And make fertilizer, the stalk in soil etc. and mixed well with soil, whole layer placement of fertilizer is formed, provides abundance, fertile for the growth of highland barley Soil environment;Drilling is carried out in late March, drilling method may be selected seeder mechanical work, highland barley seed is put into ditch Afterwards, earthing 4cm, the line-spacing of sowing are maintained at 15cm, and the application rate of highland barley is 14kg per acre;Mechanical drilling helps to grasp highland barley Application rate, accomplish rational close planting, make the abundant ventilation and penetrating light of highland barley, mitigate disease;And mechanical drilling can guarantee highland barley by specification Size sowing, keeps field microclimate good, seedling highland barley robust growth reduces pest and disease damage, is conducive to highland barley normal growth, anti-fall Fu Li enhancing;Secondly, drilling makes, highland barley illumination is sufficient, pest and disease damage is few, is conducive to the synthesis of carbohydrate, improves highland barley Yield and quality;
S5, field management:
1) seedling management: removing overstocked seedling, when meeting weak seedling, being short of seedling, fills the gaps with seedlings in time, and filling the gaps with seedlings can be overstocked strong with balled transplanting Seedling, timely moisturizing after transplanting, can make highland barley rational close planting in this way, prevent overstocked or excessively weak, lead to highland barley plant power resistant to lodging Difference;
2) it irrigates: going to cut weeds before irrigation, going to cut weeds can make highland barley plant fully absorb the nutrient in soil, make to plant Strain robust growth reduces lodging phenomenon;It respectively irrigates in the seeding stage, jointing stage, boot stage of highland barley once, in seeding stage and jointing Phase irrigation amount should not be too large, and excessive irrigation amount is easy to make plant base portion stem internode elongation, and it is existing to be easy to appear lodging by Miao Tuchang As, and the irrigation amount in this growth period is controlled, tiller position can be reduced, and stem wall is thickeied, under the stalk center of gravity that elasticity is good It moves, increases the stationarity of entire highland barley plant in the soil, lodging resistance enhancing;In boot stage according to growing state using a small amount of Multiple mode increases irrigation amount, using it is a small amount of it is multiple by the way of water, fringe lower part panel length can be shortened, make elasticity and tough The good stalk decentralization of property, can effectively prevent highland barley to lodge;Entire growth cycle contains plant root part soil moisture Amount no less than 60% is advisable;How much take the circumstances into consideration to be irrigated according to local rainfall in florescence, using a small amount of multiple side when irrigation Formula carries out, and in rainy season or heavy rain period, to drain flooded fields in time, guarantees the normal development of rhizome early period, and the later period is resistant to lodging;
3) top dressing: at tri-leaf period, additional 2kg urea/mu, 8kg Diammonium phosphate (DAP)/mu, if seedling stage tiller is normal, blade hair Topdressing amount can normally be reduced or in the period not top dressing, blade is small and can be with top dressing when turning to be yellow, this period top dressing can make by educating Highland barley seedling robust growth;Boot stage is urea 3kg/ mus additional;The potassium dihydrogen phosphate 2 that heading stage foliage-spray mass fraction is 3% Secondary, every 7d is sprayed once;
Wherein, biphosphate potassium application rate is 200g/ mus;Adding water to convert into mass fraction potassium dihydrogen phosphate when use is 3% Concentration, then spray in proportion;
4) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: in jointing stage and boot stage, using disease prevention medicament foliar spray respectively, sprayed one every 7 days Secondary, even spray 2 times, can be effectively prevented the generation of highland barley smut, rust, powdery mildew;At heading stage, insect-pest medicament leaf is used Face is spraying, and primary every spray in 7 days, even spray 3 times, can prevent the generation of the pests such as aphid, red spider;Prevention and treatment pest and disease damage is conducive to Stem tissue normal development avoids stem wall intensity from being deteriorated, and enhances plant power resistant to lodging;
Wherein, disease prevention medicament is 500 times of dilutions that mass fraction is 50% carbendazim;Insect-pest medicament is quality point Number is 5% imidacloprid wettable powder, 2000 times of dilutions;
5) intertillage suppression: field sufficient to fertility, having excessive growth trend is intertilled in time, suppresses inhibition growth, makes to plant Strain basal internode shortens, and prosperous seedling turns strong, enhances capacity for the resistance to lodging.
Embodiment 2
Alleviate the implantation methods of highland barley lodging, specifically includes the following steps:
S1, site preparation: selection irrigation conditions preferably, the plot of middle fertility, after preceding crop harvest, it is freeze-up it is preceding in time A kind of farm tools suppression is harrowed, breaking down particles make prepartion of land, and soil is made to keep defincienct in the upper and excessive in the lower state, are conducive to keep soil moisture;
S2, fertilising: 2200kg/ mus sufficiently decomposed of organic fertilizer of application, 40kg/ mus of ternary compound fertilizer, 5 kilograms of zinc sulfate/ Mu, makees base manure application;
Wherein, ternary compound fertilizer is 20-10-10 type ternary compound fertilizer, i.e., the content of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium in the ternary compound fertilizer Than for 20:10:10;
S3, seed selection and seed soaking: selecting high-quality highland barley seed, and be exposed to the sun 2d, to improve the gas permeability of kind of skin, makes enzyme inside seed Activity reinforce, promote seed sprout, enhancing seed vitality, be conducive to the growth and development in seedling stage in later period;It is used after basking seeds The limewash that mass fraction is 1.2% stands seed soaking 7d under the conditions of 15 DEG C, not stir during seed soaking, prevent highland barley dust-brand The occurrence injury of disease, rust, powdery mildew;
Wherein, the dosage of 1.2% limewash is 80 jin/55 jin seeds;
S4, sowing: after the 25cm that deep ploughs prior to seeding, dry field 10 days, machine was harrowed 3 times, it is sufficiently broken to make soil, and make fertilizer Stalk etc. in material, soil is mixed well with soil, forms whole layer placement of fertilizer, provides sufficient, fertile soil for the growth of highland barley Environment;Drilling is carried out in early April, after highland barley seed is put into ditch, earthing 6cm, it is 25cm that drill spacing is kept when sowing, Application rate per acre is 15kg;Mechanical drilling helps to grasp the application rate of highland barley, accomplishes rational close planting, highland barley is made sufficiently to divulge information Light transmission mitigates disease;And mechanical drilling can guarantee that highland barley is sowed by specification, keep field microclimate good, the growth of seedling highland barley is strong It is strong, pest and disease damage is reduced, highland barley normal growth, power enhancing resistant to lodging are conducive to;Secondly, drilling make highland barley illumination it is sufficient, Pest and disease damage is few, is conducive to the synthesis of carbohydrate, improves the yield and quality of highland barley;
S5, field management:
1) seedling management: removing overstocked seedling, when meeting weak seedling, being short of seedling, fills the gaps with seedlings in time, and filling the gaps with seedlings can be overstocked strong with balled transplanting Seedling, timely moisturizing after transplanting, can make highland barley rational close planting in this way, prevent overstocked or excessively weak, lead to highland barley plant power resistant to lodging Difference;
2) it irrigates: going to cut weeds before irrigation, going to cut weeds can make highland barley plant fully absorb the nutrient in soil, make to plant Strain robust growth reduces lodging phenomenon;It respectively irrigates in the seeding stage, jointing stage, boot stage of highland barley once, in seeding stage and jointing Phase irrigation amount should not be too large, and excessive irrigation amount is easy to make plant base portion stem internode elongation, and it is existing to be easy to appear lodging by Miao Tuchang As, and the irrigation amount in this growth period is controlled, tiller position can be reduced, and stem wall is thickeied, under the stalk center of gravity that elasticity is good It moves, increases the stationarity of entire highland barley plant in the soil, lodging resistance enhancing;In boot stage according to growing state using a small amount of Multiple mode increases irrigation amount, using it is a small amount of it is multiple by the way of water, fringe lower part panel length can be shortened, make elasticity and tough The good stalk decentralization of property, can effectively prevent highland barley to lodge;Entire growth cycle contains plant root part soil moisture Amount no less than 60% is advisable;How much take the circumstances into consideration to be irrigated according to local rainfall in florescence, using a small amount of multiple side when irrigation Formula carries out, and in rainy season or heavy rain period, to drain flooded fields in time, guarantees the normal development of rhizome early period, and the later period is resistant to lodging;
3) top dressing: at tri-leaf period, adding 5kg urea and 10kg Diammonium phosphate (DAP) per acre, if seedling stage tiller is normal, blade hair Topdressing amount can normally be reduced or in the period not top dressing, blade is small and can be with top dressing when turning to be yellow, this period top dressing can make by educating Highland barley seedling robust growth;Boot stage is urea 4kg/ mus additional;The potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3 that heading stage foliage-spray mass fraction is 5% Secondary, every 10d is sprayed once;
Wherein, biphosphate potassium application rate is 300g/ mu, and adding water to convert into mass fraction potassium dihydrogen phosphate when use is 5% Concentration, then spray in proportion;
4) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: in jointing stage and boot stage, respectively using 500 times of dilutions that mass fraction is 25% triadimefon Liquid foliar spray, primary every spray in 10 days, even spray 3 times, can be effectively prevented the generation of highland barley smut, rust, powdery mildew;? Heading stage is 20% 1000 times of dilution foliar sprays for killing chrysanthemum rouge using mass fraction;At heading stage, insect-pest medicine is used Agent foliar spray, primary every spray in 10 days, even spray 2 times, can prevent the generation of the pests such as aphid, red spider;Prevent and treat pest and disease damage Be conducive to stem tissue normal development, stem wall intensity is avoided to be deteriorated, enhances plant power resistant to lodging;
5) intertillage suppression: field sufficient to fertility, having excessive growth trend is intertilled in time, suppresses inhibition growth, makes to plant Strain basal internode shortens, and prosperous seedling turns strong, enhances capacity for the resistance to lodging.
Embodiment 3
A kind of implantation methods for alleviating highland barley lodging, specifically includes the following steps:
S1, site preparation: selection irrigation conditions preferably, the plot of middle fertility, after preceding crop harvest, it is freeze-up it is preceding in time A kind of farm tools suppression is harrowed, breaking down particles make prepartion of land, and soil is made to keep defincienct in the upper and excessive in the lower state, are conducive to keep soil moisture;
S2, fertilising: 2000kg/ mus sufficiently decomposed of organic fertilizer of application, 35kg/ mus of ternary compound fertilizer, 4kg/ mus of zinc sulfate, Make base manure application;
S3, seed selection and seed soaking: selecting high-quality highland barley seed, and be exposed to the sun 2d, to improve the gas permeability of kind of skin, makes enzyme inside seed Activity reinforce, promote seed sprout, enhancing seed vitality, be conducive to the growth and development in seedling stage in later period;It is used after basking seeds The limewash that mass fraction is 1.0% stands seed soaking 6d under the conditions of 15 DEG C, not stir during seed soaking, prevent highland barley dust-brand The occurrence injury of disease, rust, powdery mildew;
Wherein, the dosage of 1.0% limewash is 90 jin/55 jin seeds;
S4, sowing: after the 20cm that deep ploughs prior to seeding, dry field 8 days, machine was harrowed 3 times, and it is sufficiently broken to make soil, and make fertilizer, Stalk in soil etc. is mixed well with soil, forms whole layer placement of fertilizer, provides sufficient, fertile soil ring for the growth of highland barley Border;Annual mid-May carries out drilling, and after highland barley seed is put into ditch, earthing 5cm, it is 20cm that when sowing, which keeps drill spacing, Application rate per acre is 14kg;Mechanical drilling helps to grasp the application rate of highland barley, accomplishes rational close planting, highland barley is made sufficiently to divulge information Light transmission mitigates disease;And mechanical drilling can guarantee that highland barley is sowed by specification, keep field microclimate good, the growth of seedling highland barley is strong It is strong, pest and disease damage is reduced, highland barley normal growth, power enhancing resistant to lodging are conducive to;Secondly drilling makes highland barley illumination sufficient, sick Insect pest is few, is conducive to the synthesis of carbohydrate, improves the yield and quality of highland barley;
S5, field management:
1) seedling management: removing overstocked seedling, when meeting weak seedling, being short of seedling, fills the gaps with seedlings in time, and filling the gaps with seedlings can be overstocked strong with balled transplanting Seedling, timely moisturizing after transplanting, can make highland barley rational close planting in this way, prevent overstocked or excessively weak, lead to highland barley plant power resistant to lodging Difference;
2) it irrigates: going to cut weeds before irrigation, going to cut weeds can make highland barley plant fully absorb the nutrient in soil, make to plant Strain robust growth reduces lodging phenomenon;It respectively irrigates in the seeding stage, jointing stage, boot stage of highland barley once, in seeding stage and jointing Phase irrigation amount should not be too large, and excessive irrigation amount is easy to make plant base portion stem internode elongation, and it is existing to be easy to appear lodging by Miao Tuchang As, and the irrigation amount in this growth period is controlled, tiller position can be reduced, and stem wall is thickeied, under the stalk center of gravity that elasticity is good It moves, increases the stationarity of entire highland barley plant in the soil, lodging resistance enhancing;In boot stage according to growing state using a small amount of Multiple mode increases irrigation amount, using it is a small amount of it is multiple by the way of water, fringe lower part panel length can be shortened, make elasticity and tough The good stalk decentralization of property, can effectively prevent highland barley to lodge;Entire growth cycle contains plant root part soil moisture Amount no less than 60% is advisable;How much take the circumstances into consideration to be irrigated according to local rainfall in florescence, using a small amount of multiple side when irrigation Formula carries out, and in rainy season or heavy rain period, to drain flooded fields in time, guarantees the normal development of rhizome early period, and the later period is resistant to lodging;
3) top dressing: at tri-leaf period, additional 3kg urea/mu, 9kg Diammonium phosphate (DAP)/mu, if seedling stage tiller is normal, blade hair Topdressing amount can normally be reduced or in the period not top dressing, blade is small and can be with top dressing when turning to be yellow, this period top dressing can make by educating Highland barley seedling robust growth;Boot stage is urea 3.5kg/ mus additional;The potassium dihydrogen phosphate that heading stage foliage-spray mass fraction is 4% 3 times, every 8d is sprayed once;
Wherein, biphosphate potassium application rate is 250g/ mu, and adding water to convert into mass fraction potassium dihydrogen phosphate when use is 4% Concentration, then spray in proportion;
4) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: in jointing stage and boot stage, respectively using 500 times of dilutions that mass fraction is 25% triadimefon Liquid foliar spray, primary every spray in 8 days, even spray 3 times, can be effectively prevented the generation of highland barley smut, rust, powdery mildew;? Heading stage is 5% imidacloprid wettable powder, 3000 times of dilution foliar sprays using mass fraction;At heading stage, using anti- Insect pest medicament foliar spray, primary every spray in 8 days, even spray 3 times, can prevent the generation of the pests such as aphid, red spider;It is anti-to cure the disease Insect pest is conducive to stem tissue normal development, and stem wall intensity is avoided to be deteriorated, and enhances plant power resistant to lodging;
5) intertillage suppression: field sufficient to fertility, having excessive growth trend is intertilled in time, suppresses inhibition growth, makes to plant Strain basal internode shortens, and prosperous seedling turns strong, enhances capacity for the resistance to lodging.
Table 1 is influence result of the alleviation highland barley of each embodiment offer implantation methods resistant to lodging to highland barley lodging resistance.
Table 2 is influence result of the alleviation highland barley of each embodiment offer implantation methods resistant to lodging to highland barley yield.
Table 3 is influence result of the alleviation highland barley of each embodiment offer implantation methods resistant to lodging to highland barley quality.
Influence of the method that each embodiment of table 1 provides to highland barley lodging resistance
Grouping Lodging ratio (%)
Embodiment 1 0.16
Embodiment 2 0.13
Embodiment 3 0.12
Influence of the method that each embodiment of table 2 provides to highland barley yield
Influence of the method that each embodiment of table 3 provides to highland barley quality
By table 1-3 it is found that method provided by the present application can effectively enhance highland barley power resistant to lodging, while highland barley can be enhanced again Yield and quality.
It should be noted that involved in claims of the present invention when numberical range, it is thus understood that each numberical range Any one numerical value can be selected between two endpoints and two endpoints, due to step method and the Examples 1 to 3 phase of use Together, it repeats in order to prevent, the present invention describes preferred embodiment, and once a person skilled in the art knows basic wounds The property made concept, then additional changes and modifications may be made to these embodiments.So the following claims are intended to be interpreted as includes Preferred embodiment and all change and modification for falling into the scope of the invention.
Obviously, various changes and modifications can be made to the invention without departing from essence of the invention by those skilled in the art Mind and range.In this way, if these modifications and changes of the present invention belongs to the range of the claims in the present invention and its equivalent technologies Within, then the present invention is also intended to include these modifications and variations.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of implantation methods for alleviating highland barley lodging, which is characterized in that specifically includes the following steps:
S1, site preparation: selection irrigation conditions preferably, the plot of middle fertility, after preceding crop harvest, it is freeze-up before rake a kind of farm tools suppression;
S2, fertilising: 1800-2200kg/ mus sufficiently decomposed of organic fertilizer, 30-40kg/ mus of ternary compound fertilizer, zinc sulfate 3- are used 5kg/ mus, make base manure application;
S3, seed selection and seed soaking: selecting high-quality highland barley seed, and be exposed to the sun 1-2d, the stone for the use of mass fraction being 0.8-1.2% after basking seeds Buck seed soaking 5-7d;
The dosage of the 0.8-1.2% limewash is 80-100 jins/55 jin seeds;
S4, sowing: after the 15-25cm that deep ploughs prior to seeding, dry field 6-10 days, machine was harrowed 2-3 times;Annual late March to mid-May into Row drilling, depth of planting 4-6cm, line-spacing 15-25cm, 14-15kg/ mus of application rate;
S5, field management:
1) seedling management: removing overstocked seedling, when meeting weak seedling, being short of seedling, fills the gaps with seedlings in time;
2) it irrigates: respectively being irrigated once in the seeding stage, jointing stage and boot stage of highland barley;
3) top dressing: at tri-leaf period, additional 2-5kg urea/mu, 8-10kg Diammonium phosphate (DAP)/mu;Boot stage adds urea 3-4kg/ Mu;Heading stage foliage-spray mass fraction is potassium dihydrogen phosphate 2-3 time of 3-5%, and every 7-10d is sprayed once;
Wherein, the biphosphate potassium application rate is 200-300g/ mus;
4) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: in jointing stage and boot stage, being used continuously disease prevention medicament foliar spray, sprayed one every 7-10 days It is secondary, even spray 2-3 times;At heading stage, primary every spray in 7-10 days using insect-pest medicament foliar spray, even spray 2-3 times;
5) intertillage suppression: field sufficient to fertility, having excessive growth trend is intertilled in time, suppresses inhibition growth.
2. the implantation methods according to claim 1 for alleviating highland barley lodging, which is characterized in that ternary described in step S2 is multiple Hefei is 20-10-10 type ternary compound fertilizer.
3. the implantation methods according to claim 1 for alleviating highland barley lodging, which is characterized in that soaking seed described in step S3 is Seed soaking is stood under the conditions of 15 DEG C.
4. the implantation methods according to claim 1 for alleviating highland barley lodging, which is characterized in that disease prevention described in step S5 Medicament is the carbendazim that mass fraction is 50% or mass fraction is 500 times of dilutions of 25% triadimefon;The insect-pest medicine Agent is that mass fraction is 2000-3000 times of dilution of 5% imidacloprid wettable powder or mass fraction is 20% killing chrysanthemum rouge 1000 times of dilutions.
CN201910495075.4A 2019-06-10 2019-06-10 A kind of implantation methods for alleviating highland barley lodging Pending CN110122221A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111011128A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-04-17 囊谦禅乡农产品商贸有限公司 Highland barley seedling growing method
CN113647301A (en) * 2021-09-23 2021-11-16 深圳市万友工业设备有限公司 High-yield method for interplanting morchella in highland barley land

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111011128A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-04-17 囊谦禅乡农产品商贸有限公司 Highland barley seedling growing method
CN113647301A (en) * 2021-09-23 2021-11-16 深圳市万友工业设备有限公司 High-yield method for interplanting morchella in highland barley land
CN113647301B (en) * 2021-09-23 2022-05-03 深圳市万友工业设备有限公司 High-yield method for interplanting morchella in highland barley land

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Application publication date: 20190816