CN104541913A - Artificial cultivating method of fruit hylocereus undatus - Google Patents

Artificial cultivating method of fruit hylocereus undatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104541913A
CN104541913A CN201510041645.4A CN201510041645A CN104541913A CN 104541913 A CN104541913 A CN 104541913A CN 201510041645 A CN201510041645 A CN 201510041645A CN 104541913 A CN104541913 A CN 104541913A
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China
Prior art keywords
fruit
hylocereus
artificial
management
branch
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CN201510041645.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑伟
王彬
李兴忠
简学群
张永忠
姜鹏
杨开智
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GUIZHOU FRUIT INSTITUTE
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GUIZHOU FRUIT INSTITUTE
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Priority to CN201510041645.4A priority Critical patent/CN104541913A/en
Publication of CN104541913A publication Critical patent/CN104541913A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses an artificial cultivating method of fruit hylocereus undatus. Through nursery stock cuttage and management, fertilizer and water management and flower and fruit management, artificial cultivation of hylocereus undatus can be realized, flowers and fruits of the hylocereus undatus can be effectively utilized, the artificial cultivating method is easy to implement and has the advantages of easy implementing and good implementing effect. Accordingly, a feasible method is provided for sustainable development and utilization of wild fruit trees, utilization rate and yield of the hylocereus undatus are increased, market demands are met, and economic benefits earnings of farmers are increased. In addition, through artificial cultivation and pollination, single fruit of the hylocereus undatus is up to 500 g, annual output of fruits each 667 m2 is up to 750 kg, and output value is up to RMB 7500. In the same day of artificial pollination, petals can be cut annularly on the premise of no damage to stem end and used as vegetables.

Description

A kind of artificial cultivation method of fruit hylocereus
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of agricultural cultivation, particularly a kind of artificial cultivation method of fruit hylocereus.
Background technology
Hylocereus ( hylocereus undatus(Haw.) Britt. et Rose) be widely used as grafting Cactaeous plants stock, it is strong that it has growth, and well developed root system is all very strong to the affinity of many types scion, flowers propagation by grafiting is applied maximum stock kinds, hylocereus is only bloomed, not result, but flower can do vegetables, existing cultivation method is that hylocereus is only bloomed, not result, makes vegetables sale proceeds by flower few, so the artificial cultivation method Shortcomings of existing hylocereus.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of artificial cultivation method of fruit hylocereus, not only can realize artificial cultivation hylocereus flowers and fruits, and effectively can utilize hylocereus flowers and fruits, method is easy to grasp, have easy to implement, the feature that implementation result is good, thus obtain higher economic benefit and social benefit.
the present invention is achieved in thatan artificial cultivation method for fruit hylocereus, the artificial cultivation method of this hylocereus carries out in the steps below:
Build garden: select loosing soil, ventilative level land or hillside fields Jian Yuan, adopt concrete stake and square plate to form the open side type cultivation of support, every 667m 2plant 111 ~ 166 concrete stakes, 444 ~ 664 hylocereus branches;
Nursery stock cuttage and management: centered by concrete stake, every farmyard manure 8 ~ 12kg executing to become thoroughly decomposed, surrounding mold and farmyard manure are fully mixed, pile the tree dish that 18 ~ 22 cm are high, select length at the annual ripe branch of 70 ~ 80 cm, cuttage is in concrete stake surrounding, and distance concrete stake 6 ~ 8cm, ties up seedling after being convenient to, after cuttage, water suitable quantity of water, optimum period, carries out tying up seedling and pruning, and hylocereus seedling only stays a branch, it is kept upwards to grow, when seedling grows to cement square plate position, allow it naturally droop with early flowering result, promote top pumping branch;
Rich water quality management: early December every executes well-rotted farmyard manure 10 ~ 15 kg; In 6 ~ September, monthly on tree dish, spread fertilizer over the fields NPK composite fertilizer 1 time, every 0.5 ~ 1 kg, should irrigate when meeting high temperature and drought, rainy season should draining in time;
Flower and fruit management: 10 ~ 12 days after buddingging, dredging goes adhesion and hypogenetic petal to be used as vegetables, retain the petal on different prism as far as possible, every branch only stays 1 ~ 2 petal, artificial pollination is carried out to hylocereus, the same day 22:00 of blooming completes pollination to next day before 8:00, and a branch only stays 1 ~ 2 fruit;
The extermination of disease and insect pest: generally disease-free; Insect pest is snail mainly, can adopt and support duck or manual catching and killing in garden;
Fruit harvesting: can gather after fruit is by green reddening 2 ~ 3 days, avoid rainy day fruit picking, adopt rear classification, packaging.
Build in the step of garden, select year samming more than 18 DEG C, January, temperature was higher than the region of-1 DEG C.
In flower and fruit management step, adopt the pollen of the purplish red dragon of dragon fruit new varieties to carry out artificial pollination to hylocereus, the same day of artificial pollination, when not injuring column cap, petal under ring cutting, does vegetables and utilizes.
Owing to have employed technique scheme, compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages: hylocereus is by artificial cultivation and artificial pollination, and single fruit weight can reach 500 g, every 667 m 2fruit yield reaches 750 kg, 10 yuan/kg, the output value reaches 7500 yuan, the same day of artificial pollination, when not injuring column cap, petal under ring cutting, vegetables can be done utilize, therefore, by to nursery stock cuttage and management, rich water quality management and flower and fruit management, not only can realize artificial cultivation hylocereus, and effectively can utilize hylocereus flowers and fruits, method is easy to grasp, have easy to implement, the feature that implementation result is good, therefore, a kind of feasible method is provided for it carries out wild fruit tree Sustainable Development and Utilization, improve the availability of hylocereus, add the output value, both the market demand was met, turn increase economic benefit, facilitate increasing peasant income.
Embodiment
Embodiments of the invention:
Guizhou Fruit Institute adopted the pollen of the purplish red dragon of dragon fruit new varieties to carry out artificial pollination to hylocereus in 2007 to 2008 in Luodian County, Guizhou Province, hylocereus year, per mu yield reached 750 kg, 10 yuan/kg, year per mu yield value reaches 7500 yuan, obtains good economic benefit and social benefit.
Embodiment 1) a kind of artificial cultivation method of fruit hylocereus, the artificial cultivation method of this hylocereus carries out in the steps below:
Build garden: selection year samming more than 18 DEG C, January, temperature was higher than the region of-1 DEG C, selected loosing soil, ventilative level land or hillside fields Jian Yuan, adopted concrete stake and square plate to form the open side type cultivation of support, every 667m 2plant 111 concrete stakes, 444 dragon fruit boughs.
Nursery stock cuttage and management: centered by concrete stake, every farmyard manure 12kg executing to become thoroughly decomposed, surrounding mold and farmyard manure are fully mixed, pile the tree dish that 22cm is high, select length at the annual ripe branch of 80cm, cuttage is in concrete stake surrounding, and distance concrete stake 8cm, ties up seedling after being convenient to, after cuttage, water suitable quantity of water, optimum period, carries out tying up seedling and pruning, and hylocereus seedling only stays a branch, it is kept upwards to grow, when seedling grows to cement square plate position, allow it naturally droop with early flowering result, promote top pumping branch;
Rich water quality management: early December every executes well-rotted farmyard manure 15 kg; In 6 ~ September, monthly on tree dish, spread fertilizer over the fields NPK composite fertilizer 1 time, every 1kg, should irrigate when meeting high temperature and drought, rainy season should draining in time;
Flower and fruit management: the 10th day after buddingging, dredging goes adhesion and hypogenetic petal to be used as vegetables, retain the petal on different prism as far as possible, every branch only stays 2 petals, artificial pollination is carried out to hylocereus, the same day 22:00 of blooming completes pollination to next day before 8:00, and a branch only stays 2 fruits; On the same day of artificial pollination, when not injuring column cap, petal under ring cutting, can do vegetables and utilize.
The extermination of disease and insect pest: generally disease-free; Insect pest is snail mainly, can adopt and support duck or manual catching and killing in garden;
Fruit harvesting: can gather after fruit is by green reddening 2 days, avoid rainy day fruit picking, adopt rear classification, packaging.
Embodiment 2: a kind of artificial cultivation method of fruit hylocereus, the artificial cultivation method of this hylocereus carries out in the steps below:
Build garden: selection year samming more than 18 DEG C, January, temperature was higher than the region of-1 DEG C, selected loosing soil, ventilative level land or hillside fields Jian Yuan, adopted concrete stake and square plate to form the open side type cultivation of support, every 667m 2plant 133 concrete stakes, 532 dragon fruit boughs;
Nursery stock cuttage and management: centered by concrete stake, every farmyard manure 10kg executing to become thoroughly decomposed, surrounding mold and farmyard manure are fully mixed, pile the tree dish that 20 cm are high, select length at the annual ripe branch of 70cm, cuttage is in concrete stake surrounding, and distance concrete stake 7cm, ties up seedling after being convenient to, after cuttage, water suitable quantity of water, optimum period, carries out tying up seedling and pruning, and hylocereus seedling only stays a branch, it is kept upwards to grow, when seedling grows to cement square plate position, allow it naturally droop with early flowering result, promote top pumping branch;
Rich water quality management: early December every executes well-rotted farmyard manure 12.5kg; In 6 ~ September, monthly on tree dish, spread fertilizer over the fields NPK composite fertilizer 1 time, every 0.75 kg, should irrigate when meeting high temperature and drought, rainy season should draining in time;
Flower and fruit management: the 11st day after buddingging, dredging goes adhesion and hypogenetic petal to be used as vegetables, retain the petal on different prism as far as possible, every branch only stays 2 petals, artificial pollination is carried out to hylocereus, the same day 22:00 of blooming completes pollination to next day before 8:00, and a branch only stays 2 fruits; On the same day of artificial pollination, when not injuring column cap, petal under ring cutting, can do vegetables and utilize.
The extermination of disease and insect pest: generally disease-free; Insect pest is snail mainly, can adopt and support duck or manual catching and killing in garden;
Fruit harvesting: can gather after fruit is by green reddening 3 days, avoid rainy day fruit picking, adopt rear classification, packaging.
Embodiment 3: a kind of artificial cultivation method of fruit hylocereus, the artificial cultivation method of this hylocereus carries out in the steps below:
Build garden: selection year samming more than 18 DEG C, January, temperature was higher than the region of-1 DEG C, selected loosing soil, ventilative level land or hillside fields Jian Yuan, adopted concrete stake and square plate to form the open side type cultivation of support, every 667m 2plant 166 concrete stakes, 664 dragon fruit boughs;
Nursery stock cuttage and management: centered by concrete stake, every farmyard manure 8kg executing to become thoroughly decomposed, surrounding mold and farmyard manure are fully mixed, pile the tree dish that 18 cm are high, select length at the annual ripe branch of 70 cm, cuttage is in concrete stake surrounding, and distance concrete stake 6cm, ties up seedling after being convenient to, after cuttage, water suitable quantity of water, optimum period, carries out tying up seedling and pruning, and hylocereus seedling only stays a branch, it is kept upwards to grow, when seedling grows to cement square plate position, allow it naturally droop with early flowering result, promote top pumping branch;
Rich water quality management: early December every executes well-rotted farmyard manure 10 kg; In 6 ~ September, monthly on tree dish, spread fertilizer over the fields NPK composite fertilizer 1 time, every 0.5kg, should irrigate when meeting high temperature and drought, rainy season should draining in time;
Flower and fruit management: the 12nd day after buddingging, dredging goes adhesion and hypogenetic petal to be used as vegetables, retain the petal on different prism as far as possible, every branch only stays 1 petal, artificial pollination is carried out to hylocereus, the same day 22:00 of blooming completes pollination to next day before 8:00, and a branch only stays 1 fruit; On the same day of artificial pollination, when not injuring column cap, petal under ring cutting, can do vegetables and utilize.
The extermination of disease and insect pest: generally disease-free; Insect pest is snail mainly, can adopt and support duck or manual catching and killing in garden;
Fruit harvesting: can gather after fruit is by green reddening 3 days, avoid rainy day fruit picking, adopt rear classification, packaging.
The present invention adopts by adopting the pollen of the purplish red dragon of dragon fruit new varieties to carry out artificial pollination to hylocereus, the same day 22:00 of blooming completes pollination to next day before 8:00, hylocereus per mu yield reaches 750 kg, 10 yuan/kg, the output value reaches 7500 yuan, the same day of artificial pollination, when not injuring column cap, petal under ring cutting, does vegetables and utilizes.

Claims (3)

1. an artificial cultivation method for fruit hylocereus, is characterized in that: the artificial cultivation method of this hylocereus carries out in the steps below:
Build garden: select loosing soil, ventilative level land or hillside fields Jian Yuan, adopt concrete stake and square plate to form the open side type cultivation of support, every 667m 2plant 111 ~ 166 concrete stakes, 444 ~ 664 hylocereus branches;
Nursery stock cuttage and management: centered by concrete stake, every farmyard manure 8 ~ 12kg executing to become thoroughly decomposed, surrounding mold and farmyard manure are fully mixed, pile the tree dish that 18 ~ 22 cm are high, select length at the annual ripe branch of 70 ~ 80 cm, cuttage is in concrete stake surrounding, and distance concrete stake 6 ~ 8cm, ties up seedling after being convenient to, after cuttage, water suitable quantity of water, optimum period, carries out tying up seedling and pruning, and hylocereus seedling only stays a branch, it is kept upwards to grow, when seedling grows to cement square plate position, allow it naturally droop with early flowering result, promote top pumping branch;
Rich water quality management: early December every executes well-rotted farmyard manure 10 ~ 15 kg; In 6 ~ September, monthly on tree dish, spread fertilizer over the fields NPK composite fertilizer 1 time, every 0.5 ~ 1 kg, should irrigate when meeting high temperature and drought, rainy season should draining in time;
Flower and fruit management: 10 ~ 12 days after buddingging, dredging goes adhesion and hypogenetic petal to be used as vegetables, retain the petal on different prism as far as possible, every branch only stays 1 ~ 2 petal, artificial pollination is carried out to hylocereus, the same day 22:00 of blooming completes pollination to next day before 8:00, and a branch only stays 1 ~ 2 fruit;
The extermination of disease and insect pest: generally disease-free; Insect pest is snail mainly, can adopt and support duck or manual catching and killing in garden;
Fruit harvesting: can gather after fruit is by green reddening 2 ~ 3 days, avoid rainy day fruit picking, adopt rear classification, packaging.
2. the artificial cultivation method of fruit hylocereus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: build in the step of garden, selects year samming more than 18 DEG C, and January, temperature was higher than the region of-1 DEG C.
3. the artificial cultivation method of fruit hylocereus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in flower and fruit management step, the pollen of the purplish red dragon of dragon fruit new varieties is adopted to carry out artificial pollination to hylocereus, the same day of artificial pollination, when not injuring column cap, petal under ring cutting, does vegetables and utilizes.
CN201510041645.4A 2015-01-28 2015-01-28 Artificial cultivating method of fruit hylocereus undatus Pending CN104541913A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105123223A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-12-09 佛山市高明区醉金坑生态农业有限公司 Planting method of pitaya flowers
CN107493886A (en) * 2017-08-30 2017-12-22 广西俊智农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Hylocereus undatus

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105123223A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-12-09 佛山市高明区醉金坑生态农业有限公司 Planting method of pitaya flowers
CN107493886A (en) * 2017-08-30 2017-12-22 广西俊智农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Hylocereus undatus

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