CN104529609A - Composite organic fertilizer special for vegetables and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Composite organic fertilizer special for vegetables and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104529609A
CN104529609A CN201410694524.5A CN201410694524A CN104529609A CN 104529609 A CN104529609 A CN 104529609A CN 201410694524 A CN201410694524 A CN 201410694524A CN 104529609 A CN104529609 A CN 104529609A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
organic fertilizer
fermentation
fertilizer
composite organic
parts
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410694524.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李振轩
常振山
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HENAN JINDIBAO ECOLOGICAL FERTILIZER INDUSTRY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
HENAN JINDIBAO ECOLOGICAL FERTILIZER INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201410694524.5A priority Critical patent/CN104529609A/en
Publication of CN104529609A publication Critical patent/CN104529609A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/20Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity for preventing the fertilisers being reduced to powder; Anti-dusting additives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/50Treatments combining two or more different biological or biochemical treatments, e.g. anaerobic and aerobic treatment or vermicomposting and aerobic treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners

Abstract

A composite organic fertilizer special for vegetables belongs to the field of fertilizers and is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 10-15 parts of a nitrogen fertilizer, 40-55 parts of crop straw, 20-30 parts of livestock and poultry excrement, 0.01-0.03 part of VT-1000 type fermentation bacterial strain, and 0.1-0.3 part of an anti-caking agent. The preparation method of the fertilizer comprises: mixing the livestock and poultry excrement, crop straws and VT-100 type fermentation bacterial strain according to a ratio, adding into a fermentation tank, and performing once fermentation and stacking fermentation; mixing the material subjected to biological fermentation and the nitrogen fertilizer, stirring, crushing, and performing granulation, drying, cooling and screening, so as to obtain a composite organic fertilizer original particle; and finally adding the anti-caking agent and performing coating processing, so as to obtain the composite organic fertilizer. The provided composite organic fertilizer special for vegetables contains a large amount of organic matters and microbes, has relatively high fertilizer utilization rate during applying, and helps to improve vegetable quality and output, and improve soil structure.

Description

A kind of vegetables composite organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to fertilizer field, be specifically related to a kind of vegetables composite organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Along with the develop rapidly of Science and Technology, the standard of living of people improves gradually, and then the requirement of people to Crop yield and quality is more and more higher, therefore chemical fertilizer as one fast and efficiently agricultural fertilizer be widely used in agriculture production by people, effectively improve the seed output and quality of farm crop.But the utilization ratio of chemical fertilizer is lower, life-time service causes huge waste, and chemical fertilizer nutritive element is single, often can use and cause the soil erosion, spoiled soil structure, and the serious soil erosion makes the grain production capacity in big area soil decline.The content of " Great Northern Wilderness " organic matter in black soil of China is 7 ~ 9% in the early days of foundation, and cultivation is little application of organic fertilizers material in the past few years, drops to 2 ~ 3% now.The decline of soil organic matter content, for the development of agricultural brings potential threat, and utilizes fertilizer, can make up the situation that soil organic matter content declines.There is again dirty, smelly, unhygienic, that nutrient content is low, fertilizer efficiency is slow and use is inconvenient shortcoming in common fertilizer.
Therefore, research and develop the effective way that polynary, efficient, free of contamination fertilizer is then the situation changing abuse chemical fertilizer at present, thus agroecological environment is fundamentally improved, and produce non-harmful green food.This is not only of value to the health of people, is more conducive to taking part in international competition, and Agricultural land will be made to be able to recycle.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of containing a large amount of organic vegetables composite organic fertilizer, provide the preparation method of this vegetables composite organic fertilizer to be another object of the present invention.
Based on above-mentioned purpose, the present invention is by the following technical solutions: a kind of vegetables composite organic fertilizer, be made up of following weight parts raw material: 10 ~ 15 parts, nitrogenous fertilizer, agricultural crop straw 40 ~ 55 parts, feces of livestock and poultry 20 ~ 30 parts, VT-1000 type fermented bacterium 0.01 ~ 0.03 part, anti-hard caking agent 0.1 ~ 0.3 part.
Described nitrogenous fertilizer is urea or nitric acid phosphorus.
Described agricultural crop straw is the remainder of one or more farm crop after results seed in wheat, corn, paddy rice, potato class.
The preparation method of described vegetables composite organic fertilizer, comprises the following steps:
(1) biological fermentation: comprise one time fermentation and Secondary Fermentation, one time fermentation: add in fermentor tank after feces of livestock and poultry, agricultural crop straw and VT-1000 type fermented bacterium are mixed in proportion, keep 3h after heating makes the temperature of charge in fermentor tank reach 80 ± 5 DEG C, intermittent stirring fermentation is 3 ~ 6 days; Secondary Fermentation: the material after one time fermentation is stacked 3 ~ 7 days, carries out during stacking suppressing aeration and interval turning;
(2), after the material after biological fermentation and nitrogenous fertilizer being carried out in proportion mix and blend, pulverizing, in tablets press, pass into steam carry out granulation, oven dry, cooling, screening, obtain the former grain of compound organic fertilizer;
(3) in the former grain of compound organic fertilizer, add anti-hard caking agent and carry out coating process.
The particle diameter of the former grain of step (2) described compound organic fertilizer is 5 ~ 7mm.
Screening described in step (2) is: the macrobead sifted out is returned to tablets press with the fine particle sifted out after fragmentation.
Step carries out rotary finishing, pneumatic jig to the compound organic fertilizer after coating process in (3).
Compared with prior art, vegetables composite organic fertilizer provided by the invention has following beneficial effect:
1, the present invention contains a large amount of organic matters and microorganism, microorganism enters after soil can nitrogen in fixed air, decompose the unavailable phosphorus of crop in soil and potassium, and microorganism can also secrete the hormone stimulating plant growth, produce the material suppressing pathogenic microorganism growth, controlling crop diseases and insect pests.
2, the present invention has higher utilization rate of fertilizer in application, and can strengthen root and send out seedling, promotes that vegetable crop is precocious, improve the ability of the anti-low temperature of vegetable crop, arid and disease and pest, improve vegetable crop quality, improvement Soil structure, improves the ability of soil sustainable high-yield.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is preparation technology's schema of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in detail.
It should be noted that, embodiment feces of livestock and poultry used is pig, one or more in ox, sheep, horse, chicken, duck; The manufacturer of anti-hard caking agent used is Rui Hexiang bio tech ltd, Puyang.
embodiment 1
A kind of vegetables composite organic fertilizer, is made up of following weight parts raw material: 10 parts, nitrogenous fertilizer (urea), agricultural crop straw (wheat stalk) 40 parts, feces of livestock and poultry 20 parts, VT-1000 type fermented bacterium 0.01 part, anti-hard caking agent 0.1 part.
Its preparation method is:
(1) biological fermentation: comprise one time fermentation and Secondary Fermentation, one time fermentation: add in fermentor tank after feces of livestock and poultry, agricultural crop straw and VT-1000 type fermented bacterium are mixed in proportion, keep 3h after heating makes the temperature of charge in fermentor tank reach 80 ± 5 DEG C, intermittent stirring fermentation is 3 days; Secondary Fermentation: the material after one time fermentation is stacked 3 days, carries out during stacking suppressing aeration and interval turning;
(2) after the material after biological fermentation and nitrogenous fertilizer being carried out in proportion mix and blend, pulverizing, in tablets press, pass into steam carry out granulation, oven dry, cooling process, after cooled material is first carried out scalping, extracting screen underflow carries out dusting cover again, screen overflow is the former grain of compound organic fertilizer, particle diameter is 5 ~ 7mm, is carried out by scalping screen overflow after pulverizing and dusting cover screen underflow merges and returns granulation;
(3) add in the former grain of compound organic fertilizer anti-hard caking agent carry out coating process after through rotary finishing, pneumatic jig and get final product.
embodiment 2
A kind of vegetables composite organic fertilizer, is made up of following weight parts raw material: 12 parts, nitrogenous fertilizer (nitric acid phosphorus), agricultural crop straw (maize straw) 45 parts, feces of livestock and poultry 25 parts, VT-1000 type fermented bacterium 0.02 part, anti-hard caking agent 0.2 part.
Its preparation method with embodiment 1, unlike one time fermentation in, step (1) 6 days; Material after one time fermentation is stacked 7 days.
embodiment 3
A kind of vegetables composite organic fertilizer, be made up of following weight parts raw material: 15 parts, nitrogenous fertilizer (nitric acid phosphorus), agricultural crop straw (potato class stalk 20 parts and rice straw 30 parts) 55 parts, feces of livestock and poultry 30 parts, VT-1000 type fermented bacterium 0.03 part, anti-hard caking agent 0.3 part.
Its preparation method with embodiment 1, unlike one time fermentation in, step (1) 5 days; Material after one time fermentation is stacked 6 days.
embodiment 4 manure trial
The vegetables composite organic fertilizer of preparation in embodiment 1 is applied fertilizer to tomato, cucumber and celery respectively, its fertilizing method and the results are shown in Table 1.As can be seen from Table 1, this vegetables composite organic fertilizer effectively can improve quality of vegetable, and effect of increasing production is obvious.
Table 1 vegetables composite organic fertilizer is respectively to tomato, cucumber and celery fertilization effect

Claims (7)

1. a vegetables composite organic fertilizer, is made up of following weight parts raw material: 10 ~ 15 parts, nitrogenous fertilizer, agricultural crop straw 40 ~ 55 parts, feces of livestock and poultry 20 ~ 30 parts, VT-1000 type fermented bacterium 0.01 ~ 0.03 part, anti-hard caking agent 0.1 ~ 0.3 part.
2. vegetables composite organic fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described nitrogenous fertilizer is urea or nitric acid phosphorus.
3. vegetables composite organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described agricultural crop straw is the remainder of one or more farm crop after results seed in wheat, corn, paddy rice, potato class.
4., according to the preparation method of the arbitrary described vegetables composite organic fertilizer of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) biological fermentation: comprise one time fermentation and Secondary Fermentation, one time fermentation: add in fermentor tank after feces of livestock and poultry, agricultural crop straw and VT-1000 type fermented bacterium are mixed in proportion, keep 3h after heating makes the temperature of charge in fermentor tank reach 80 ± 5 DEG C, intermittent stirring fermentation is 3 ~ 6 days; Secondary Fermentation: the material after one time fermentation is stacked 3 ~ 7 days, carries out during stacking suppressing aeration and interval turning;
(2), after the material after biological fermentation and nitrogenous fertilizer being carried out in proportion mix and blend, pulverizing, in tablets press, pass into steam carry out granulation, oven dry, cooling, screening, obtain the former grain of compound organic fertilizer;
(3) in the former grain of compound organic fertilizer, add anti-hard caking agent and carry out coating process.
5. the preparation method of vegetables composite organic fertilizer according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, the particle diameter of the former grain of step (2) described compound organic fertilizer is 5 ~ 7mm.
6. the preparation method of vegetables composite organic fertilizer according to claim 4, is characterized in that, screening described in step (2) is: the macrobead sifted out is returned to tablets press with the fine particle sifted out after fragmentation.
7. the preparation method of vegetables composite organic fertilizer according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, step carries out rotary finishing, pneumatic jig to the compound organic fertilizer after coating process in (3).
CN201410694524.5A 2014-11-27 2014-11-27 Composite organic fertilizer special for vegetables and preparation method thereof Pending CN104529609A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410694524.5A CN104529609A (en) 2014-11-27 2014-11-27 Composite organic fertilizer special for vegetables and preparation method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410694524.5A CN104529609A (en) 2014-11-27 2014-11-27 Composite organic fertilizer special for vegetables and preparation method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104529609A true CN104529609A (en) 2015-04-22

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105646109A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-06-08 山东绿亨生物工程有限公司 Compound biofertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105819964A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-08-03 山东绿亨生物工程有限公司 Microbial fertilizer particles and preparation method thereof
CN105819965A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-08-03 山东绿亨生物工程有限公司 Coated microbial bacterial fertilizer particles and preparation method thereof
CN106146201A (en) * 2015-04-27 2016-11-23 康平格瑞园有机肥有限公司 A kind of biological organic fertilizer
CN107586226A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-01-16 中联重机股份有限公司 Straw manures preparation method for material and straw organic fertilizer
CN108264433A (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-07-10 安徽省强家庄生态农业有限公司 A kind of winter vegetable organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1557789A (en) * 2004-01-17 2004-12-29 北京中美倍德生物工程技术有限公司 Organic-inorganic compound fertilizer with active compost as base material
CN1702059A (en) * 2005-03-08 2005-11-30 山东省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Method for manufacturing fertilizer by utilizing organic waster materials from cattle farm
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CN102617202A (en) * 2012-04-13 2012-08-01 贵州省现代中药材研究所 Process for preparing organic fertilizer by bagged fermentation of corn stalks and cow dung
CN102807400A (en) * 2012-08-30 2012-12-05 贵州省现代中药材研究所 Method for preparing organic fertilizer through barrel fermentation

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1557789A (en) * 2004-01-17 2004-12-29 北京中美倍德生物工程技术有限公司 Organic-inorganic compound fertilizer with active compost as base material
CN1702059A (en) * 2005-03-08 2005-11-30 山东省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Method for manufacturing fertilizer by utilizing organic waster materials from cattle farm
JP2007015881A (en) * 2005-07-06 2007-01-25 Katsuo Uchida Organic fertilizer
CN102617202A (en) * 2012-04-13 2012-08-01 贵州省现代中药材研究所 Process for preparing organic fertilizer by bagged fermentation of corn stalks and cow dung
CN102807400A (en) * 2012-08-30 2012-12-05 贵州省现代中药材研究所 Method for preparing organic fertilizer through barrel fermentation

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106146201A (en) * 2015-04-27 2016-11-23 康平格瑞园有机肥有限公司 A kind of biological organic fertilizer
CN105646109A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-06-08 山东绿亨生物工程有限公司 Compound biofertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105819964A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-08-03 山东绿亨生物工程有限公司 Microbial fertilizer particles and preparation method thereof
CN105819965A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-08-03 山东绿亨生物工程有限公司 Coated microbial bacterial fertilizer particles and preparation method thereof
CN107586226A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-01-16 中联重机股份有限公司 Straw manures preparation method for material and straw organic fertilizer
CN108264433A (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-07-10 安徽省强家庄生态农业有限公司 A kind of winter vegetable organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20150422

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