CN105646109A - Compound biofertilizer and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Compound biofertilizer and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105646109A
CN105646109A CN201610167189.2A CN201610167189A CN105646109A CN 105646109 A CN105646109 A CN 105646109A CN 201610167189 A CN201610167189 A CN 201610167189A CN 105646109 A CN105646109 A CN 105646109A
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China
Prior art keywords
fermentation
parts
crop
add
bacterial fertilizer
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Pending
Application number
CN201610167189.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘铁斌
牛伯涛
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SHANDONG LVHENG BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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SHANDONG LVHENG BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610167189.2A priority Critical patent/CN105646109A/en
Publication of CN105646109A publication Critical patent/CN105646109A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C9/00Fertilisers containing urea or urea compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/50Treatments combining two or more different biological or biochemical treatments, e.g. anaerobic and aerobic treatment or vermicomposting and aerobic treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/30Layered or coated, e.g. dust-preventing coatings
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of fertilizer, in particular to compound biofertilizer and a preparation method thereof. The compound biofertilizer is prepared by taking apple pomace, crap straw, poultry feather, and urea as fermentation primers, cane sugar and carboxymethylcellulose as encapsulating agents, streptomyces microflavus, paecilomyces lilacinus, bacillus subtilis and bacillus licheniformis as zymophyte, and fermenting; according to the compound biofertilizer provided by the invention, through synergistic interaction of various microbial strains, the requirement on soil is greatly reduced, the physical property of soil and quality of crops are improved, the disease-resistant and continuous cropping resistant capacities are improved, the cane sugar and the carboxymethylcellulose are taken as the encapsulating agents, the nutrient needing by microbial action in later period is provided, meanwhile, the water and nutrient retention capacity of the soil is improved, and the crop yield can be improved by about 30 percent.

Description

A kind of composite microbic bacterial fertilizer and its preparation method
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of fertilizers, it is specifically related to a kind of composite microbic bacterial fertilizer and its preparation method.
Background technology
Along with the sharply minimizing of cultivated area, with growing population, the contradiction between the continuous increase of the demand of grain is day by day sharp-pointed. In recent decades, China is the need of production meeting grain, agrochemicals drop into and have reached quite high ratio, this kind of unsustainable agriculture production mode, soil that not only severe contamination China is limited and water resources, and food safety affair is also closely connected with this kind of agriculture production mode. Microbial-bacterial fertilizer causes crop to obtain a kind of goods of specific fertilizer effect with the vital movement of microorganism, the utilization ratio of fertilizer can not only be improved, soil physical property can also be improved, improve soil aggregate, culture fertility, improve crop disease-resistant ability, improve quality of agricultural product, meet the direction of China's agricultural sustainable development and pollution-free food production.
Require higher when existing microbial-bacterial fertilizer uses, and the action time using rear microbial bacteria is short, the requirement of the envrionment conditionss such as the soil moisture, humidity and organic content is comparatively strict, hinder the development of microbial-bacterial fertilizer; And existing fermenting speed is relatively slow, efficiency is low.
Summary of the invention
For prior art Problems existing, the present invention provides a kind of composite microbic bacterial fertilizer, and edatope is required low by this fertilizer, and the microbial process time is long, can effectively avoid the use of agricultural chemicals, improve soil physical property simultaneously, it is to increase soil water-reataining fertilizer-keeping ability.
Present invention also offers the preparation method of a kind of composite microbic bacterial fertilizer.
The technical scheme that the present invention adopts to realize above-mentioned purpose is:
The present invention provides a kind of composite microbic bacterial fertilizer, is by apple residue, crop material, poultry feather, urea as fermentation bed material, taking sucrose and carboxymethyl cellulose as coating agent, with streptomyces microflavus, pale purple Paecilomyces varioti, subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis are zymophyte, become through fermentation;
Described crop material and poultry feather in advance treated dose soak and add zymophyte again after 4-5h and ferment;
Described treatment agent is union base sodiumphenoxyacetate, glycerine and water composition.
Further, the weight part of described fermentation bed material consists of: apple residue 100 parts, crop material 180-200 part, poultry feather 50-60 part, urea 10-20 part.
Further, described sucrose and carboxymethyl cellulose mass ratio are 4:1.
Further, described streptomyces microflavus, pale purple Paecilomyces varioti, subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis are respectively relative to the consumption of fermentation bed material: in their activation bacterium liquid 25-30ml/kg, 18-22ml/kg, 33-38ml/kg, 45-50ml/kg; Wherein, activate living bacteria count in bacterium liquid and it is 60-80 hundred million/ml.
Treatment agent used in the present invention is union base sodiumphenoxyacetate 8 parts, glycerine 20 parts and 65 parts, water composition.
Present invention also offers the preparation method of a kind of above-mentioned composite microbic bacterial fertilizer, comprise the following steps:
(1) treatment agent is added after crop material and poultry feather segment according to the amount of solid-liquid ratio 1g:20ml, after soaking 4-5h, apple residue and urea is added after pulling out, then Bacillus licheniformis is added, after fermentation 2-3d, add streptomyces microflavus, pale purple Paecilomyces varioti and subtilis, after stirring even secondary fermentation 3-4d, obtain fermentation materials, it is a granulated into the spheroidal particle that diameter is 2-3mm;
(2) add sucrose and the coating agent of carboxymethyl cellulose composition in coating machine, stir after evenly and add spheroidal particle, form the finished particle of 3-4mm.
Streptomyces microflavus used in the present invention is streptomyces microflavus CICC11006; Pale purple Paecilomyces varioti is pale purple Paecilomyces varioti CICC40276; Subtilis is subtilis withered grass subspecies CICC6060; Bacillus licheniformis is Bacillus licheniformis CICC23764. Apple residue used in the present invention is the residuum of fresh apple after broken squeeze juice extracting, and primarily of pericarp, fruit stone and remaining pulp composition, water content is 25%-30%.
The present invention is in fermenting process, first by treatment agent, crop material and poultry feather are carried out pre-treatment, there is the wax being made up of speciality chain fatty acids and derivative thereof in stalk and poultry feather surface, this wax is one layer of hydrophobic barrier, delay the fermenting speed of fertilizer, nonyl sodiumphenoxyacetate, glycerine and water three synergy, the dissolving of wheat stalk surface wax can be accelerated, in dissolution process, bed material inside can be penetrated into, accelerate the fermenting speed in later stage, thus accelerate fermentation time, nonyl sodiumphenoxyacetate can improve the dispersing property of each component simultaneously, after making granulation, the mixing of each component is more even.
The useful effect of the present invention is:
(1) composite microbic bacterial fertilizer provided by the invention, by the mutual synergy of various microbial strains, greatly reduce the requirement to soil, improve the physical behavior of soil and the quality of farm crop, improve its continuous cropping ability disease-resistant, anti-, by sucrose and carboxymethyl cellulose as coating agent, it may be possible to provide the nutrient required for later stage microbial process, simultaneously, it is to increase the preserve moisture and fertility ability of soil; Crop yield about 30% can be improved;
(2) the present invention is by carrying out pre-treatment, shortens fermentation time, improves the homogeneity of later stage material granulation simultaneously; Improve the industrial value of apple residue and poultry feather, turn waste into wealth.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, the present invention will be further elaborated, it will be understood that following explanation is only to explain the present invention, its content is not limited.
Embodiment 1
Crop material and poultry feather are cut into the segment of about 1cm by 1.1, get crop material 180 parts, poultry feather 57 parts mixing, union base sodiumphenoxyacetate 8 parts is added according to the amount of solid-liquid ratio 1g:20ml, the treatment agent of glycerine 20 parts and 65 parts, water composition, after soaking 5h, pull out, then 100 parts of apple residues and 18 parts of urea formation fermentation bed materials are added, then every kg fermentation bed material adds 50ml/kg and add Bacillus licheniformis, after fermentation 2d, every kg fermentation bed material adds 28ml/kg streptomyces microflavus, the pale purple Paecilomyces varioti of 20ml/kg and 38ml/kg subtilis, after stirring even secondary fermentation 4d, obtain fermentation materials, cryodrying is to water content��25wt%, it is a granulated into the spheroidal particle that diameter is 2-3mm,
Add sucrose in 1.2 coating machines and coating agent that carboxymethyl cellulose (both mass ratioes are 4:1) forms, stir after evenly and add spheroidal particle, form the finished particle of 3-4mm.
Embodiment 2
Crop material and poultry feather are cut into the segment of about 1cm by 2.1, get crop material 192 parts, poultry feather 60 parts mixing, union base sodiumphenoxyacetate 8 parts is added according to the amount of solid-liquid ratio 1g:20ml, the treatment agent of glycerine 20 parts and 65 parts, water composition, after soaking 4h, pull out, then 100 parts of apple residues and 10 parts of urea formation fermentation bed materials are added, then every kg fermentation bed material adds 48ml/kg and add Bacillus licheniformis, after fermentation 3d, every kg fermentation bed material adds 25ml/kg streptomyces microflavus, the pale purple Paecilomyces varioti of 18ml/kg and 35ml/kg subtilis, after stirring even secondary fermentation 3d, obtain fermentation materials, cryodrying is to water content��25wt%, it is a granulated into the spheroidal particle that diameter is 2-3mm,
Add sucrose in 2.2 coating machines and coating agent that carboxymethyl cellulose (both mass ratioes are 4:1) forms, stir after evenly and add spheroidal particle, form the finished particle of 3-4mm.
Embodiment 3
Crop material and poultry feather are cut into the segment of about 1cm by 3.1, get crop material 200 parts, poultry feather 50 parts mixing, union base sodiumphenoxyacetate 8 parts is added according to the amount of solid-liquid ratio 1g:20ml, the treatment agent of glycerine 20 parts and 65 parts, water composition, after soaking 5h, pull out, then 100 parts of apple residues and 20 parts of urea formation fermentation bed materials are added, then every kg fermentation bed material adds 45ml/kg and add Bacillus licheniformis, after fermentation 3d, every kg fermentation bed material adds 30ml/kg streptomyces microflavus, the pale purple Paecilomyces varioti of 22ml/kg and 33ml/kg subtilis, after stirring even secondary fermentation 4d, obtain fermentation materials, cryodrying is to water content��25wt%, it is a granulated into the spheroidal particle that diameter is 2-3mm,
Add sucrose in 3.2 coating machines and coating agent that carboxymethyl cellulose (both mass ratioes are 4:1) forms, stir after evenly and add spheroidal particle, form the finished particle of 3-4mm.
Comparative example 1
Crop material and poultry feather are cut into the segment of about 1cm by 1.1, get crop material 180 parts, poultry feather 57 parts, 100 parts of apple residues and 18 parts of urea form fermentation bed material, then every kg fermentation bed material adds 45-50ml/kg and add Bacillus licheniformis, after fermentation 2d, every kg fermentation bed material adds 25-30ml/kg streptomyces microflavus, the pale purple Paecilomyces varioti of 18-22ml/kg and 33-38ml/kg subtilis, after stirring even secondary fermentation 3-4d, obtain fermentation materials, cryodrying, to water content��25wt%, is a granulated into the spheroidal particle that diameter is 2-3mm;
Add sucrose in 1.2 coating machines and coating agent that carboxymethyl cellulose (both mass ratioes are 4:1) forms, stir after evenly and add spheroidal particle, form the finished particle of 3-4mm.
Comparative example 2
Crop material and poultry feather are cut into the segment of about 1cm by 1.1, get crop material 180 parts, poultry feather 57 parts, 100 parts of apple residues and 18 parts of urea form fermentation bed material, then every kg fermentation bed material adds 45-50ml/kg and add Bacillus licheniformis, the pale purple Paecilomyces varioti of 25-30ml/kg streptomyces microflavus, 18-22ml/kg and 33-38ml/kg subtilis, after stirring even secondary fermentation 3-4d, obtain fermentation materials, cryodrying, to water content��25wt%, is a granulated into the spheroidal particle that diameter is 2-3mm;
Add sucrose in 1.2 coating machines and coating agent that carboxymethyl cellulose (both mass ratioes are 4:1) forms, stir after evenly and add spheroidal particle, form the finished particle of 3-4mm.
Compliance test result:
1, being detected by bio-bacterial manure living bacteria count prepared by the embodiment of the present invention and comparative example 1, arrange control group, control group adopts urea of the prior art and resin as coating agent, and concrete detected result is in table 1.
Table 1
Continuous cropping is planted strawberry and is carried out result of use checking by the composite microbic bacterial fertilizer 2, utilizing the embodiment of the present invention 1 to prepare: contriver opens in Jinan City and the continuous cropping booth having planted 2 years strawberries is selected in strawberry cultivating base, strawberry cultivars is Feng Xiang, same booth is divided into the composite microbic bacterial fertilizer that three groups of S1-S3, S1 groups only use the embodiment of the present invention 1 to prepare; S2 group uses commercially available successive planting resistant agent to coordinate fertilizer needed for other plantation strawberries; In S3 group, the bacterial manure of preparation only adopts subtilis to ferment, and does not add other bacterial classifications, and other preparation methods are with embodiment 1; Rate of fertilizer application all according to 60 kilograms every hectare uses, evenly applies in field planting cave before field planting. Between plantation with vegetative period, daily administration is all identical. The ultimate production of each test group strawberry, soluble sugar content, sugar-acid ratio, vitamin c content being detected, concrete outcome is in table 1.
Table 2
3, composite microbic bacterial fertilizer prepared by embodiment of the present invention 1-3 and comparative example 1-2 is utilized the output of tomato, the probability of suffering from root knot nematode to be added up, control group is set, control group is when preparing bacterial manure, pale purple Paecilomyces varioti is only adopted to ferment, not adding other several microbial strainss, other preparation methods are with embodiment 1; Blank group is set, adopts the fertilizer of traditional commercially available plantation tomato; Each group rate of fertilizer application is 45kg/ mu. Concrete statistics is in table 3.
When suffering from probability of root knot nematode of statistics, is and chooses 50 strain tomatoes at random, observe whether plant root has irregular knob after having pulled out.
Table 3
4, by the experimental plot of above-mentioned plantation tomato, after carefully extracting tomato, fetch earth earth 200g, and the soil enzyme activities that is averaged detects, and concrete outcome is in table 4.
Table 4

Claims (6)

1. a composite microbic bacterial fertilizer, it is characterised in that, it is by apple residue, crop material, poultry feather, urea as fermentation bed material, taking sucrose and carboxymethyl cellulose as coating agent, with streptomyces microflavus, pale purple Paecilomyces varioti, subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis are zymophyte, become through fermentation;
Described crop material and poultry feather in advance treated dose soak and add zymophyte again after 4-5h and ferment;
Described treatment agent is union base sodiumphenoxyacetate, glycerine and water composition.
2. composite microbic bacterial fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that, the weight part of described fermentation bed material consists of: apple residue 100 parts, crop material 180-200 part, poultry feather 50-60 part, urea 10-20 part.
3. composite microbic bacterial fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that, described sucrose and carboxymethyl cellulose mass ratio are 4:1.
4. composite microbic bacterial fertilizer according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described streptomyces microflavus, pale purple Paecilomyces varioti, subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis are respectively relative to the consumption of fermentation bed material: in their activation bacterium liquid 25-30ml/kg, 18-22ml/kg, 33-38ml/kg, 45-50ml/kg;Wherein, activate living bacteria count in bacterium liquid and it is 60-80 hundred million/ml.
5. composite microbic bacterial fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that, described treatment agent is union base sodiumphenoxyacetate 8 parts, glycerine 20 parts and 65 parts, water composition.
6. the preparation method of composite microbic bacterial fertilizer as described in an item as arbitrary in claim 1-5, it is characterised in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) treatment agent is added after crop material and poultry feather segment according to the amount of solid-liquid ratio 1g:20ml, after soaking 4-5h, apple residue and urea is added after pulling out, then Bacillus licheniformis is added, after fermentation 2-3d, add streptomyces microflavus, pale purple Paecilomyces varioti and subtilis, after stirring even secondary fermentation 3-4d, obtain fermentation materials, it is a granulated into the spheroidal particle that diameter is 2-3mm;
(2) add sucrose and the coating agent of carboxymethyl cellulose composition in coating machine, stir after evenly and add spheroidal particle, form the finished particle of 3-4mm.
CN201610167189.2A 2016-03-23 2016-03-23 Compound biofertilizer and preparation method thereof Pending CN105646109A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105948872A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-09-21 南京宁粮生物工程有限公司 Biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN107244745A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-10-13 侯春萍 It is prepared by a kind of water adjusting agent
CN109354552A (en) * 2018-12-21 2019-02-19 河北农业大学 A kind of biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1569758A (en) * 2003-07-26 2005-01-26 朱绍林 Organic slow-release fertilizer additive
CN102452862A (en) * 2010-10-25 2012-05-16 许为为 Organic putrilage controlled-spread fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104478570A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-01 河南金地宝生态肥业有限公司 Microbial organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104529609A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-22 河南金地宝生态肥业有限公司 Composite organic fertilizer special for vegetables and preparation method thereof
CN104909963A (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-09-16 山东省农业科学院生物技术研究中心 Ecologically friendly wheat straw matrix compound fertilizer and preparation method of compound fertilizer
CN105218184A (en) * 2015-11-03 2016-01-06 南京元凯生物能源环保工程有限公司 A kind of method utilizing straw compost

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1569758A (en) * 2003-07-26 2005-01-26 朱绍林 Organic slow-release fertilizer additive
CN102452862A (en) * 2010-10-25 2012-05-16 许为为 Organic putrilage controlled-spread fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104478570A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-01 河南金地宝生态肥业有限公司 Microbial organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104529609A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-22 河南金地宝生态肥业有限公司 Composite organic fertilizer special for vegetables and preparation method thereof
CN104909963A (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-09-16 山东省农业科学院生物技术研究中心 Ecologically friendly wheat straw matrix compound fertilizer and preparation method of compound fertilizer
CN105218184A (en) * 2015-11-03 2016-01-06 南京元凯生物能源环保工程有限公司 A kind of method utilizing straw compost

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105948872A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-09-21 南京宁粮生物工程有限公司 Biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN107244745A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-10-13 侯春萍 It is prepared by a kind of water adjusting agent
CN109354552A (en) * 2018-12-21 2019-02-19 河北农业大学 A kind of biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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