CN107721470A - A kind of method that organic fertilizer is made by bio-waste - Google Patents

A kind of method that organic fertilizer is made by bio-waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107721470A
CN107721470A CN201610650907.1A CN201610650907A CN107721470A CN 107721470 A CN107721470 A CN 107721470A CN 201610650907 A CN201610650907 A CN 201610650907A CN 107721470 A CN107721470 A CN 107721470A
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China
Prior art keywords
raw material
feces
poultry
livestock
fermentation
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Pending
Application number
CN201610650907.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
熊立寅
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Mountains And Rivers Hunan Us Biological Environmental Production Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Mountains And Rivers Hunan Us Biological Environmental Production Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610650907.1A priority Critical patent/CN107721470A/en
Publication of CN107721470A publication Critical patent/CN107721470A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of method that organic fertilizer is made by bio-waste, and it completes its preparation method by pretreatment of raw material, the mixing of raw material and bar heap fermentation process, the secondary fermentation of compound, organic fertilizer shaping processing by five kinds of agricultural wastes such as the feces of livestock and poultry such as Pig dung and urine, cripple, agricultural crop straw, bacteria residue, microbial inoculum raw materials with five technological processes of packaging and storage;The present invention can feces of livestock and poultry, Organic Sludge is innoxious and minimizing is handled, realize the efficient utilization of organic matter, recycle and recycling recycles;On the one hand plant nutrient is provided, including required a great number of elements nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulphur and trace elements iron, manganese, boron, zinc, molybdenum, copper etc., also include organic nutrient and the active material such as vitamin B1s, B6 etc. such as amino acid, acid amides, nucleic acid, on the other hand the validity of soil nutrient can also be improved, contain a large amount of microorganisms and various enzymes in barnyard manure, promote organic nitrogen, phosphorus to be changed into inorganic states, be made for thing absorption.

Description

A kind of method that organic fertilizer is made by bio-waste
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of method that organic fertilizer is made by bio-waste, belong to organic fertilizer production technical field.
Background technology:
China is a large agricultural country, and agricultural production is the basic industry in China, and annual consumption is big in agricultural production quantifies Fertilizer.Due to the reason such as a large amount of waste residues caused by the unreasonable use and industrial and agricultural production of chemical fertilizer, serious dirt is caused to environment Dye problem.Therefore, green organic farm products are promoted, improve the soil fertility and quality of farming land, multipath is researched and developed and made With organic fertilizer, for reducing environmental pollution, environmental protection, comprehensive utilization nature organic matter and the tool that ensures food safety etc. There is important realistic meaning.
Organic fertilizer is a kind of fertilizer that natural organic matter forms through microorganism decomposition or fermentation, and China is also known as farm manure. Its feature has:Raw material sources are wide, quantity is big, nutrient is complete, content is low, fertilizer efficiency length, must could be to plant after microorganism decomposition converts Thing is absorbed;Its raw material mainly includes three classes:1. trade waste, such as vinasse, manioc waste;2. agricultural wastes, such as stalk, Dregs of beans etc.;3. feces of livestock and poultry, such as chicken manure, cow dung, wherein most importantly feces of livestock and poultry;Advised along with modernized pig farm cultivates Mould is big, and discharge pig manure urine volume is big daily, therefore the innoxious high recycling for being related to Pig dung and urine is always that puzzlement pig farm is developed Crucial problem.
The content of the invention:
The invention aims to realize the recycling to bio-waste, there is provided one kind is made organic by bio-waste The method of fertilizer.
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are achieved through the following technical solutions:A kind of made by bio-waste has The method of machine fertilizer, it is by the agricultural wastes 3 such as the feces of livestock and poultry such as Pig dung and urine 1, cripple 2, agricultural crop straw, bacteria residue 4, microbial inoculum 5 five Kind raw material passes through pretreatment of raw material 6, the mixing of raw material and bar heap fermentation process 7, the secondary fermentation 8 of compound, organic fertilizer and shaped Processing 9 completes its preparation method with 10 5 technological processes of packaging and storage;The proportioning of its raw material is the feces of livestock and poultry such as Pig dung and urine The ︰ 1~5 of 8~12 ︰ of agricultural wastes 3 ︰ bacteria residues, 4 ︰ microbial inoculums, 5=65~75 ︰, 8~12 ︰ such as ︰ agricultural crop straws of 1 ︰ cripples 2 6~10;
Pretreatment of raw material 6:The feces of livestock and poultry such as Pig dung and urine 1 are sent into anaerobic fermentation pond, continuously fermented 48 hours;After fermentation The feces of livestock and poultry such as Pig dung and urine 1 are sent into extruding separator, obtain aqueous 55-60% or so dry cow dung and waste water, gained is given up Water is sent into methane-generating pit processing, obtains cripple 2;The agricultural wastes such as the agricultural crop straws such as straw, cornstalk and green grass 3 are taken, are cut into Long 1.5 centimetres particle is standby;Under field conditions (factors), it is useless to the agricultural such as the feces of livestock and poultry such as Pig dung and urine 1, cripple 2, agricultural crop straw Gurry 3 deviates from unnecessary moisture using natural wind, by humidity regulation to 50-70% by design proportion ingredient and premix;
The mixing of raw material and bar heap fermentation process 7:Obtained premix in the step of pretreatment of raw material 6 is further fully mixed Close, bar heap is carried out after mixing, the wide 1m-3m of bar heap, high 0.8m-1.2m, windrow should be loose, in favor of fermentation;Heap temperature reaches 65 DEG C -70 DEG C of turnings once, are fermented 2-3 days;
The secondary fermentation 8 of compound:Fermentation materials are piled into height 1.5-3m;Microbial inoculum 5 is mixed with bacteria residue 4 in institute to ratio Close, strain mixture is uniformly distributed in bar heap surface after being well mixed;Covered afterwards with agricultural film, in favor of fermentation, fermentation time Remain summer and autumn 15~20 days, winter-spring season 20~25 days;
Organic fertilizer shaping processing 9:Organic fertilizer after will be decomposed delivers to pulverizer crushing;The communicated band of particle after crushing is sent Sieved to screening machine, screen of screening machine mesh is 100 mesh;
Packaging and storage 10:Packing machine is delivered to by the communicated band of graininess compound material of screen cloth to pack, storage storage;It can not pass through The bulky grain material of screen cloth, which drains into pulverizer, to be continued to crush the upper two steps operation of repetition.
As a result of above technical scheme, its goal of the invention, the organic fertilizer raw material that the present invention obtains preferably are realized Abundance, production procedure is simple, cost is low, and the market competitiveness is strong;Can feces of livestock and poultry, Organic Sludge is innoxious and decrement Change is handled, and is realized the efficient utilization of organic matter, is recycled and recycling recycling;Due to Pig dung and urine has been carried out into dry and wet point From waste liquid being individually sent into methane-generating pit, organic fertilizer can be made directly as raw material by depositing obtained cripple;It is organic after processing Fertilizer can be widely used for the ground such as Vegetable Base, Garden Greenland and golf course, on the one hand providing plant nutrient, including must A great number of elements nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulphur and trace elements iron, manganese, boron, zinc, molybdenum, the inorganic nutrients such as copper needed, in addition to amino The organic nutrients such as acid, acid amides, nucleic acid and active material such as vitamin B1, B6 etc., keep the relative equilibrium of nutrient;The opposing party Face can also improve the validity of soil nutrient, contain a large amount of microorganisms and various enzymes in barnyard manure, promote organic nitrogen, phosphorus to be changed into nothing Machine state, it is made for thing absorption.And calcium in soil, magnesium, iron, aluminium etc. can be made to form stable comple, reduce has to phosphorus fixation, raising Imitate phosphorus content.
Brief description of the drawings:
Accompanying drawing 1 is present invention process flow chart.
Description of reference numerals is shown in specification last page form.
Embodiment:
The content of the invention is described further with reference to embodiment:
Embodiment 1:
From the content of the invention, a kind of method that organic fertilizer is made by bio-waste, it is by the feces of livestock and poultry such as Pig dung and urine 1, natural pond 5 five kinds of agricultural wastes such as mud 2, agricultural crop straw 3, bacteria residue 4, microbial inoculum raw materials pass through pretreatment of raw material 6, the mixing of raw material and bar Heap fermentation process 7, the secondary fermentation 8 of compound, organic fertilizer shaping processing 9 complete its system with 10 5 technological processes of packaging and storage Make method;The proportioning of its raw material is the ︰ of 3 ︰ bacteria residues of agricultural wastes 4 such as the ︰ agricultural crop straws of 1 ︰ cripples of feces of livestock and poultry 2 such as Pig dung and urine The ︰ 1~5 of 8~12 ︰ of microbial inoculum 5=65~75 ︰, 8~12 ︰ 6~10;
Pretreatment of raw material 6:The feces of livestock and poultry such as Pig dung and urine 1 are sent into anaerobic fermentation pond, continuously fermented 48 hours;After fermentation The feces of livestock and poultry such as Pig dung and urine 1 are sent into extruding separator, obtain aqueous 55-60% or so dry cow dung and waste water, gained is given up Water is sent into methane-generating pit processing, obtains cripple 2;The agricultural wastes such as the agricultural crop straws such as straw, cornstalk and green grass 3 are taken, are cut into Long 1.5 centimetres particle is standby;Under field conditions (factors), it is useless to the agricultural such as the feces of livestock and poultry such as Pig dung and urine 1, cripple 2, agricultural crop straw Gurry 3 deviates from unnecessary moisture using natural wind, by humidity regulation to 50-70% by design proportion ingredient and premix;
The mixing of raw material and bar heap fermentation process 7:Obtained premix in the step of pretreatment of raw material 6 is further fully mixed Close, bar heap is carried out after mixing, the wide 1m-3m of bar heap, high 0.8m-1.2m, windrow should be loose, in favor of fermentation;Heap temperature reaches 65 DEG C -70 DEG C of turnings once, are fermented 2-3 days;
The secondary fermentation 8 of compound:Fermentation materials are piled into height 1.5-3m;Microbial inoculum 5 is mixed with bacteria residue 4 in institute to ratio Close, strain mixture is uniformly distributed in bar heap surface after being well mixed;Covered afterwards with agricultural film, in favor of fermentation, fermentation time Remain summer and autumn 15~20 days, winter-spring season 20~25 days;
Organic fertilizer shaping processing 9:Organic fertilizer after will be decomposed delivers to pulverizer crushing;The communicated band of particle after crushing is sent Sieved to screening machine, screen of screening machine mesh is 100 mesh;
Packaging and storage 10:Packing machine is delivered to by the communicated band of graininess compound material of screen cloth to pack, storage storage;It can not pass through The bulky grain material of screen cloth, which drains into pulverizer, to be continued to crush the upper two steps operation of repetition.
The feces of livestock and poultry such as Pig dung and urine of the present invention 1 refer to:The mixture of animal excreta and animal urine;It is that China one is heavy greatly The source of manure wanted.
Cripple 2 of the present invention refers to:Methane-generating pit bottom deposit.
The agricultural wastes such as agricultural crop straw of the present invention 3 refer to:Ripe crops cauline leaf(Fringe)Partial general name; It is often referred to wheat, rice, corn, potato class, oil plant, cotton, sugarcane and other crops(Usually coarse food grain)After seed is harvested Remainder.The photosynthetic product of crops has more than half to be present in stalk, and stalk is rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium With organic matter etc., be it is a kind of there are multiduty reproducible living resources, stalk is also a kind of roughage.
Bacteria residue 4 of the present invention refers to:Make the waste material residue of strain or microbial inoculum.
Microbial inoculum 5 of the present invention refers to:Active bacteria formulation made of beneficial microbe;It is widely used in feed addition, has Machine material is decomposed, soil improvement and repair process, the dirty water decontamination handles etc..
Reference numerals Mark title Reference numerals Mark title
1 The feces of livestock and poultry such as Pig dung and urine 1 6 Pretreatment of raw material 6
2 Cripple 2 7 The mixing of raw material and bar heap fermentation process 7
3 The agricultural wastes such as agricultural crop straw 3 8 The secondary fermentation 8 of compound
4 Bacteria residue 4 9 Organic fertilizer shaping processing 9
5 Microbial inoculum 5 10 Packaging and storage 10

Claims (1)

  1. A kind of 1. method that organic fertilizer is made by bio-waste, it is characterized in that it is by the feces of livestock and poultry such as Pig dung and urine (1), cripple (2), the agricultural wastes such as agricultural crop straw (3), bacteria residue (4), microbial inoculum (5) five kinds of raw materials pass through pretreatment of raw material (6), raw material Mixing and bar heap fermentation process (7), the secondary fermentation (8) of compound, organic fertilizer shaping processing (9) and packaging and storage (10) five Its preparation method is completed in technological process;The proportioning of its raw material is feces of livestock and poultry (1) ︰ cripples (the 2) ︰ agricultural crop straws such as Pig dung and urine Deng agricultural wastes (the 3) ︰ bacteria residues (︰ 1~5 of 4 8~12 ︰ of) ︰ microbial inoculums (5)=65~75 8~12 ︰ of ︰ 6~10;
    Pretreatment of raw material (6):The feces of livestock and poultry such as Pig dung and urine (1) are sent into anaerobic fermentation pond, continuously fermented (48) hour;Will hair The feces of livestock and poultry such as the Pig dung and urine after ferment (1) are sent into extruding separator, obtain aqueous 55-60% or so dry cow dung and waste water, Gained waste water is sent into methane-generating pit processing, obtains cripple (2);Take the agricultural such as agricultural crop straws such as straw, cornstalk and green grass useless Gurry (3), it is standby to be cut into long 1.5 centimetres particle;Under field conditions (factors), to the feces of livestock and poultry such as Pig dung and urine (1), cripple (2), agriculture The agricultural wastes such as crop material (3) are deviate from unnecessary moisture using natural wind, humidity are adjusted by design proportion ingredient and premix Save to 50-70%;
    The mixing of raw material and bar heap fermentation process (7):Obtained premix in pretreatment of raw material (6) step is further abundant Mixing, bar heap is carried out after mixing, the wide 1m-3m of bar heap, high 0.8m-1.2m, windrow should be loose, in favor of fermentation;Heap temperature reaches 65 DEG C -70 DEG C of turnings once, are fermented 2-3 days;
    The secondary fermentation (8) of compound:Fermentation materials are piled into height 1.5-3m;By microbial inoculum (5) and bacteria residue (4) in given ratio Mixed, strain mixture is uniformly distributed in bar heap surface after being well mixed;Covered afterwards with agricultural film, in favor of fermentation, hair The ferment time remains summer and autumn 15~20 days, winter-spring season 20~25 days;
    Organic fertilizer shaping handles (9):Organic fertilizer after will be decomposed delivers to pulverizer crushing;By the communicated band of particle after crushing Screening machine screening is delivered to, screen of screening machine mesh is 100 mesh;
    Packaging and storage (10):Packing machine is delivered to by the communicated band of graininess compound material of screen cloth to pack, storage storage;It can not lead to The bulky grain material for crossing screen cloth drains into pulverizer and continues to crush and repeats upper two step and operate.
CN201610650907.1A 2016-08-10 2016-08-10 A kind of method that organic fertilizer is made by bio-waste Pending CN107721470A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108546729A (en) * 2018-05-22 2018-09-18 海南澄迈神州车用沼气有限公司 A kind of method of anaerobic fermentation production biogas
CN108558462A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-09-21 安徽瑞然生物药肥科技有限公司 A kind of processing method of biomass organic fertilizer
CN111011125A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-04-17 石林石海农业产业开发有限公司 Strawberry planting method
CN111763113A (en) * 2019-03-29 2020-10-13 张丽君 Green biological organic fertilizer and preparation process thereof
CN112010685A (en) * 2020-07-24 2020-12-01 赵永军 Organic micro-fertilizer and production method thereof
CN112624834A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-04-09 山东绿宝珠生物肥业有限公司 Method for producing livestock manure organic fertilizer

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010208893A (en) * 2009-03-10 2010-09-24 Koichi Seki Organic fertilizer and method of manufacturing organic fertilizer
CN103304286A (en) * 2013-06-24 2013-09-18 重庆光大(集团)有限公司 Organic fertilizer production process
CN103980019A (en) * 2014-06-03 2014-08-13 天津市农业资源与环境研究所 Agricultural solid organic waste medium temperature biological fermentation process and application thereof

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010208893A (en) * 2009-03-10 2010-09-24 Koichi Seki Organic fertilizer and method of manufacturing organic fertilizer
CN103304286A (en) * 2013-06-24 2013-09-18 重庆光大(集团)有限公司 Organic fertilizer production process
CN103980019A (en) * 2014-06-03 2014-08-13 天津市农业资源与环境研究所 Agricultural solid organic waste medium temperature biological fermentation process and application thereof

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108546729A (en) * 2018-05-22 2018-09-18 海南澄迈神州车用沼气有限公司 A kind of method of anaerobic fermentation production biogas
CN108558462A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-09-21 安徽瑞然生物药肥科技有限公司 A kind of processing method of biomass organic fertilizer
CN111763113A (en) * 2019-03-29 2020-10-13 张丽君 Green biological organic fertilizer and preparation process thereof
CN111011125A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-04-17 石林石海农业产业开发有限公司 Strawberry planting method
CN111011125B (en) * 2019-12-30 2022-04-29 石林石海农业产业开发有限公司 Strawberry planting method
CN112010685A (en) * 2020-07-24 2020-12-01 赵永军 Organic micro-fertilizer and production method thereof
CN112624834A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-04-09 山东绿宝珠生物肥业有限公司 Method for producing livestock manure organic fertilizer

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Application publication date: 20180223

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