CN103145463B - Organic fertilizer with livestock and poultry manure and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Organic fertilizer with livestock and poultry manure and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN103145463B
CN103145463B CN201310115106.1A CN201310115106A CN103145463B CN 103145463 B CN103145463 B CN 103145463B CN 201310115106 A CN201310115106 A CN 201310115106A CN 103145463 B CN103145463 B CN 103145463B
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fermentation
fertilizer
manure
days
organic fertilizer
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CN103145463A (en
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郑晓华
林海鸥
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郑晓华
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention provides an organic fertilizer with livestock and poultry manure and a preparation method thereof. The organic fertilizer comprises cow manure, edible mushroom dregs, pig manure, chicken manure, maize straw powder and an Em (effective microorganisms) stock solution. The specific formula of the organic fertilizer comprises 19.7 percent of edible mushroom dregs, 10 percent of pig manure, 10 percent of chicken manure, 20 percent of maize straw powder, 0.3 percent of Em stock solution, and the balance of cow manure. The preparation method of the organic fertilizer is characterized in that a production technology of the organic fertilizer with the livestock and poultry manure mainly adopts a shallow pool type fermentation technology, namely the cow manure, the pig manure, the chicken manure, the edible mushroom dregs, the maize straw powder and the Em stock solution are poured into a mixer in proportion and are evenly mixed and stirred, the evenly mixed and stirred materials are sent into a shallow layer pool type fermentation pool, and the organic fertilizer fermentation environment temperature is controlled to be above 15 DEG C. Firstly, various raw materials including the livestock and poultry manure, the edible mushroom dregs, the straw powder and a fermentation bactericide are mixed, and then the mixed materials are put into a mixing and stirring machine to be evenly stirred, are sent into the material fermentation pool to be fermented for 8 days and are discharged from the pool to enter a secondary aerobic fermentation procedure. The organic fertilizer has the advantages of low cost and high yield and can improve the quality of crops.

Description

Animal dung fertilizer and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fertilizer, relate in particular to animal dung fertilizer and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Can there is the problem of nutrition leak in earth, the nutrition that plant mainly needs in the process of growth is the elements such as nitrogen phosphorus potassium in the process of plantation, and institute thinks soil fertilizing, is mainly also for soil increases n-p-k element, thereby increases the output of crop.In the process of soil plantation, chemical fertilizer has been brought into play very important effect, but along with the frequent and single use of chemical fertilizer application, also brought adverse influence to edatope, soil is lacking under sufficient organic condition, the crumb structure of soil is difficult to form, and the adhesive power between soil particle weakens, and has progressively lowered the water retention capacity of soil.In the time that earth cannot keep sufficient moisture, even if the quality of chemical fertilizer is high again, be also not easy to release energy under applicable envrionment conditions.The problem causing in order to solve the single chemical fertilizer of life-time service, on market, there is fertilizer, the effect that fertilizer is done in agriculture production is mainly manifested in the following aspects, be improvement soil on the one hand, culture fertility, after fertilizer is manured into soil, organic physics and chemistry situation and the biological nature that can effectively improve soil, vegetable soil, strengthens the fertilizer supply and preservation ability of soil and the ability of buffering, for the growth of crop provides good edaphic condition.Can increase on the other hand the output of crop, improve quality, fertilizer contains abundant organic matter and comprehensive nutritive element, for farm crop provide nutrition.After fertilizer decomposition, can provide energy and nutriment for the activity of Soil Microorganism, promote the activity of Soil Microorganism, accelerate organic decomposition, the active substance producing can promote the growth of crop, and improves the quality of agricultural-food.But the fertilizer complex manufacturing technology of prior art, adds the kind of bacterial classification and method often to cause production cost too high, highland has raised the burden of agriculture production excessively.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to, overcome the deficiencies in the prior art part, a kind of animal dung fertilizer and preparation method thereof is provided, production technique is simple, easy to make, can effectively improve the environment of soil, is conducive to the growth that crop goes out.
Animal dung fertilizer of the present invention and preparation method thereof, include cow dung, edible fungi residues, pig manure, chicken manure, corn stalk powder and Em stoste, concrete formula is: edible fungi residues 19.7%, pig manure 10%, chicken manure 10%, corn stalk powder 20%, Em stoste 0.3%, other are cow dungs.Its preparation method is: the production technique of animal dung fertilizer is mainly taked shallow pond formula zymotechnique, be exactly by cow dung, pig manure, chicken manure, edible fungi residues, corn stalk powder and Em stoste are poured in mixing tank in proportion, mixing and stirring, the material of mixing and stirring is sent into shallow layer tank type fermentation vat with shovel loader or forklift, organic fertilizer fermentation envrionment temperature is controlled at more than 15 ℃, bank is high 1 meter, organic content is controlled between 40%~60%, carbon-nitrogen ratio is between 30:1~35:1, water ratio is between 50%~65%, 55 ℃~75 ℃ of compost temperatures should maintain 5 days, fermentation time 8 days, turning every day 1~2 time, by aerobic the continuously fermenting of shallow pond formula, its material is fully become thoroughly decomposed, decompose, deodorizing, sterilizing, anhydrate, produce organic fertilizer.The material of mixing and stirring is sent into fermentation vat with shovel loader or forklift, the dosage of every day is 1/8 of pond length, fermentation materials ulking thickness in pond is 1 meter, by natural ventilation during with turning material the oxygen providing be provided with air carry out continuous aerobic fermentation, fermentation period is 8 days.At turnover throwing machine in length and breadth under the transporting of travel mechanism, the circle rake of high speed rotating is continuously thrown fermentation materials and is scattered, and produce certain displacement, after making material regular in pond, gradual equidistantly, move, transport from fermentation vat tail end the material fermenting every day, the space that fermentation vat front end is vacateed, and the treatment capacity of every day is 1/8 of pond length, supplement new fermentation materials, thereby formed a kind of continuous fermenting process.Material, after continuous fermentation decomposition in 8 days is become thoroughly decomposed, has just been made animal dung fertilizer work in-process.Animal dung fertilizer work in-process after becoming thoroughly decomposed are sent into Secondary Fermentation pond with shovel loader, carry out continuous aerobic fermentation, organic fertilizer fermentation envrionment temperature is controlled at more than 15 ℃, animal dung fertilizer work in-process water content is controlled at 50% left and right, ulking thickness is 1.3 meters, turning 1 time in every 3 days, decompose and become thoroughly decomposed through fermentation in about 10 days, when material volume decrement is not less than 30%, water ratio 25% left and right, carbon-nitrogen ratio is less than 20:1, and pH value is in 6~8 scopes, temperature is down to below 30 ℃, and when oxygen consumption rate tends towards stability, animal dung fertilizer has just been made.The animal dung fertilizer quality of making is soft, is dark brown or chocolate, has Earthy Taste, ordorless, does not attract flies, and becomes thoroughly decomposed completely.The animal dung fertilizer of making is through super-dry, screening system, when total nutrient (nitrogen+Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES+potassium oxide) is more than or equal to 5%, organic content is more than or equal to 45%, water ratio is less than or equal to 20%, granularity is 80 order left and right, pH value, in 6~8 scopes, when unit weight is 0.6t/m3 left and right, has just been produced powdery animal dung organic fertilizer product.If production garden granular organic fertilizer, has just made garden particle animal dung organic fertilizer product through screening, magnetic separation, granulating system again powdery animal dung fertilizer.Above material is poured in mixing tank in proportion into mixing and stirring.Total organic matter after above mixing of materials stirs is 40.3%; Carbon-nitrogen ratio is 30.3:1; Water ratio is 54.2%; Meet the requirement of fertilizer batching, i.e. fertilizer batching requirement is: the organic content in total material should be 40%~60%; Carbon-nitrogen ratio is 30:1~35:1; Moisture content is controlled between 50%~65%.
The technical process of animal dung organic fertilizer production is as follows:
First various to feces of livestock and poultry, edible fungi residues, straw powder and fermenting agent raw materials are mixed, the material mixing is put into mixing and blending machine and stirred, enter pond with forklift and arrive material fermentation vat, material fermentation vat is equipped with fermentation turning machine, material enters the laggard aerobe fermentation of acting charitably of material fermentation vat, turn over every day and throw 1-2 times, ferment 8 days, come in and go out pond to secondary aerobic fermentation program through forklift, secondary aerobic fermentation 10 days, turns over throwing once, then arrives dry sieve sub-system for every 3 days, make qualified finished product, packing warehouse-in.
This animal dung organic fertilizer product meets fertilizer industry quality standard.
Fertilizer industry quality standard
Subordinate list: carbon, nitrogen, organic matter, water ratio and the carbon-nitrogen ratio table of fertilizer raw material
Sequence number Material Organic Water ratio C N C:N
1 Cow dung 16 82 9.28 0.42 22:1
2 Pig manure 15 80 8.7 0.58 15:1
3 Chicken manure 26 51 14.8 1.60 9:1
4 Edible fungi residues 69 30 40 1.2 33:1
5 Corn straw powder 81 12 47 0.65 72:1
Illustrate: fermenting agent accounts for 0.3% of total amount, negligible.
Animal dung fertilizer tool of the present invention has the following advantages: 1, pollution-free, fertilizer efficiency is lasting, strong sprout is disease-resistant, increase the soil organism.2, cost is low, and output is high, improve crops quality.3, can overcome environmental pollution that a large amount of use chemical fertilizer, agricultural chemicals bring and the drawback of ecological damage.4, can effectively improve soil physical chemistry performance, the circulation of Promoting plant growth and soil ecosystem.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is animal dung organic fertilizer production process flow sheet of the present invention.1-feces of livestock and poultry, 2-edible fungi residues, 3-straw powder, 4-fermenting agent, 5-mixing and blending machine, 6-material fermentation vat, 7-secondary aerobic fermentation, 8-dry sieve sub-system 9-packing warehouse-in.
Embodiment
Referring now to accompanying drawing 1, be described as follows: animal dung fertilizer of the present invention and preparation method thereof in conjunction with the embodiments, include cow dung, edible fungi residues, pig manure, chicken manure, corn stalk powder and Em stoste, concrete formula is: edible fungi residues 19.7%, pig manure 10%, chicken manure 10%, corn stalk powder 20%, Em stoste 0.3%, other are cow dungs.Its preparation method is: the production technique of animal dung fertilizer is mainly taked shallow pond formula zymotechnique, be exactly by cow dung, pig manure, chicken manure, edible fungi residues, corn stalk powder and Em stoste are poured in mixing tank in proportion, mixing and stirring, the material of mixing and stirring is sent into shallow layer tank type fermentation vat with shovel loader or forklift, organic fertilizer fermentation envrionment temperature is controlled at more than 15 ℃, bank is high 1 meter, organic content is controlled between 40%~60%, carbon-nitrogen ratio is between 30:1~35:1, water ratio is between 50%~65%, 55 ℃~75 ℃ of compost temperatures should maintain 5 days, fermentation time 8 days, turning every day 1~2 time, by aerobic the continuously fermenting of shallow pond formula, its material is fully become thoroughly decomposed, decompose, deodorizing, sterilizing, anhydrate, produce organic fertilizer.The material of mixing and stirring is sent into fermentation vat with shovel loader or forklift, the dosage of every day is 1/8 of pond length, fermentation materials ulking thickness in pond is 1 meter, by natural ventilation during with turning material the oxygen providing be provided with air carry out continuous aerobic fermentation, fermentation period is 8 days.At turnover throwing machine in length and breadth under the transporting of travel mechanism, the circle rake of high speed rotating is continuously thrown fermentation materials and is scattered, and produce certain displacement, after making material regular in pond, gradual equidistantly, move, transport from fermentation vat tail end the material fermenting every day, the space that fermentation vat front end is vacateed, and the treatment capacity of every day is 1/8 of pond length, supplement new fermentation materials, thereby formed a kind of continuous fermenting process.Material, after continuous fermentation decomposition in 8 days is become thoroughly decomposed, has just been made animal dung fertilizer work in-process.Animal dung fertilizer work in-process after becoming thoroughly decomposed are sent into Secondary Fermentation pond with shovel loader, carry out continuous aerobic fermentation, organic fertilizer fermentation envrionment temperature is controlled at more than 15 ℃, animal dung fertilizer work in-process water content is controlled at 50% left and right, ulking thickness is 1.3 meters, turning 1 time in every 3 days, decompose and become thoroughly decomposed through fermentation in about 10 days, when material volume decrement is not less than 30%, water ratio 25% left and right, carbon-nitrogen ratio is less than 20:1, and pH value is in 6~8 scopes, temperature is down to below 30 ℃, and when oxygen consumption rate tends towards stability, animal dung fertilizer has just been made.The animal dung fertilizer quality of making is soft, is dark brown or chocolate, has Earthy Taste, ordorless, does not attract flies, and becomes thoroughly decomposed completely.The animal dung fertilizer of making is through super-dry, screening system, when total nutrient (nitrogen+Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES+potassium oxide) is more than or equal to 5%, organic content is more than or equal to 45%, water ratio is less than or equal to 20%, granularity is 80 order left and right, pH value, in 6~8 scopes, when unit weight is 0.6t/m3 left and right, has just been produced powdery animal dung organic fertilizer product.If production garden granular organic fertilizer, has just made garden particle animal dung organic fertilizer product through screening, magnetic separation, granulating system again powdery animal dung fertilizer.Above material is poured in mixing tank in proportion into mixing and stirring.Total organic matter after above mixing of materials stirs is 40.3%; Carbon-nitrogen ratio is 30.3:1; Water ratio is 54.2%; Meet the requirement of fertilizer batching, i.e. fertilizer batching requirement is: the organic content in total material should be 40%~60%; Carbon-nitrogen ratio is 30:1~35:1; Moisture content is controlled between 50%~65%.
The technical process of animal dung organic fertilizer production is as follows: first by feces of livestock and poultry 1, edible fungi residues 2, the various raw materials of straw powder 3 and fermenting agent 4 mix, the material mixing is put into mixing and blending machine 5 and stirred, enter pond with forklift and carry out aerobic fermentation for the first time to material fermentation vat 6, material fermentation vat 6 is equipped with fermentation turning machine, material enters in the process of the laggard aerobe fermentation of acting charitably of material fermentation vat, turn over every day and throw 1-2 times, ferment 8 days, come in and go out pond to secondary aerobic fermentation 7 programs through forklift, secondary aerobic fermentation 10 days, within every 3 days, turn over throwing once, then arrive dry sieve sub-system 8, make qualified finished product, packing warehouse-in 9.Animal dung fertilizer tool of the present invention has the following advantages: pollution-free, fertilizer efficiency is lasting, strong sprout is disease-resistant, increase the soil organism.Cost is low, and output is high, improve crops quality.Can overcome environmental pollution that a large amount of use chemical fertilizer, agricultural chemicals bring and the drawback of ecological damage.Can effectively improve soil physical chemistry performance, the circulation of Promoting plant growth and soil ecosystem.

Claims (2)

1. the preparation method of animal dung fertilizer, described animal dung fertilizer includes cow dung, edible fungi residues, pig manure, chicken manure, corn stalk powder and Em stoste, concrete formula is: edible fungi residues 19.7%, pig manure 10%, chicken manure 10%, corn stalk powder 20%, Em stoste 0.3%, other are cow dungs, it is characterized in that concrete preparation method is: the production technique of animal dung fertilizer is mainly taked shallow pond formula zymotechnique, first by cow dung, pig manure, chicken manure, edible fungi residues, corn stalk powder and Em stoste are poured in mixing tank in proportion, mixing and stirring, the material of mixing and stirring is sent into shallow layer tank type fermentation vat with shovel loader or forklift to ferment for the first time, while fermentation for the first time, organic fertilizer fermentation envrionment temperature is controlled at more than 15 ℃, bank is high 1 meter, organic content is controlled between 40%~60%, carbon-nitrogen ratio is between 30:1~35:1, and water ratio is between 50%~65%, and 55 ℃~75 ℃ of compost temperatures should maintain 5 days, fermentation time 8 days, turning every day 1~2 time, by aerobic the continuously fermenting of shallow pond formula for the first time, obtains fertilizer work in-process, ferment for the second time again, its material is fully become thoroughly decomposed, decompose, deodorizing, sterilizing, anhydrate, produce organic fertilizer, fermenting process is that the material of mixing and stirring shovel loader or forklift are sent into fermentation vat for the first time, the dosage of every day is 1/8 of pond length, fermentation materials ulking thickness in pond is 1 meter, by natural ventilation during with turning material the oxygen providing be provided with air carry out continuous aerobic fermentation, fermentation period is 8 days, at turnover throwing machine in length and breadth under the transporting of travel mechanism, the circle rake of high speed rotating is continuously thrown fermentation materials and is scattered, and produce certain displacement, after making material regular in pond, gradual equidistantly, move, transport from fermentation vat tail end the material fermenting every day, the space that fermentation vat front end is vacateed, and the treatment capacity of every day is 1/8 of pond length, supplement new fermentation materials, thereby formed a kind of continuous fermenting process, material, after continuous fermentation decomposition in 8 days is become thoroughly decomposed, has just been made animal dung fertilizer work in-process, next, described animal dung fertilizer work in-process are carried out to aerobic fermentation for the second time, the animal dung fertilizer work in-process shovel loader after becoming thoroughly decomposed is sent into Secondary Fermentation pond, carry out continuous aerobic fermentation for the second time, while fermentation for the second time, organic fertilizer fermentation envrionment temperature is controlled at more than 15 ℃, animal dung fertilizer work in-process water content is controlled at 50% left and right, ulking thickness is 1.3 meters, turning 1 time in every 3 days, decompose and become thoroughly decomposed through fermentation in about 10 days, when material volume decrement is not less than 30%, water ratio 25% left and right, carbon-nitrogen ratio is less than 20:1, pH value is in 6~8 scopes, temperature is down to below 30 ℃, when oxygen consumption rate tends towards stability, animal dung fertilizer has just been made.
2. the preparation method of animal dung fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the technological process of production is as follows: first by feces of livestock and poultry (1), edible fungi residues (2), the various raw materials of straw powder (3) and fermenting agent (4) mix, the material mixing is put into mixing and blending machine (5) and stirred, enter pond with forklift and carry out aerobic fermentation for the first time to material fermentation vat (6), material fermentation vat (6) is equipped with fermentation turning machine, material enters in the process of the laggard aerobe fermentation of acting charitably of material fermentation vat, turn over every day and throw 1-2 times, ferment 8 days, come in and go out pond to secondary aerobic fermentation (7) program through forklift, secondary aerobic fermentation 10 days, within every 3 days, turn over throwing once, then arrive dry sieve sub-system (8), make qualified finished product, packing warehouse-in (9).
CN201310115106.1A 2013-04-06 2013-04-06 Organic fertilizer with livestock and poultry manure and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN103145463B (en)

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