CN104671920A - Organic substrate special for chilies and preparation method of organic substrate - Google Patents

Organic substrate special for chilies and preparation method of organic substrate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104671920A
CN104671920A CN201510027921.1A CN201510027921A CN104671920A CN 104671920 A CN104671920 A CN 104671920A CN 201510027921 A CN201510027921 A CN 201510027921A CN 104671920 A CN104671920 A CN 104671920A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
organic substrate
capsicum
special
perlite
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Pending
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CN201510027921.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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覃柏鸿
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覃柏鸿
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Priority to CN201510027921.1A priority Critical patent/CN104671920A/en
Publication of CN104671920A publication Critical patent/CN104671920A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses an organic substrate special for chilies and a preparation method of the organic substrate. The organic substrate is prepared by the steps of fermenting, carrying out air drying, crushing and screening the following raw materials in parts by weight: 30-38 parts of cow dung, 25-30 parts of mushroom residues, 40-50 parts of corncobs, 12-18 parts of rice hulls, 10-12 parts of grass carbon, 6-8 parts of perlite and 3-5 parts of orchid seeds. The organic substrate is reasonable in nutrition preparation, provides sufficient nutrient elements for the growth of the chilies, and can meet the growth needs of plants.

Description

Special organic substrate of a kind of capsicum and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of making method of organic substrate, special organic substrate of a kind of capsicum be specifically related to and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Along with the raising of people's living standard, the requirement of people to Food Quality is also more and more higher, present organic vegetable liked by people deeply, because organic vegetable is in process of production in strict accordance with organic production code, do not use agricultural chemicals, the chemical fertilizer of any chemosynthesis, and genetically engineered biological and product thereof, nutrition is healthy again.
Organic mass cultivation is a kind of cultivation technique without soil developed on organic ecological soilless culture basis, with organic ecological soilless culture unlike in substrate formula without inorganic matrix, adopt pure organism as agricultural crop straw, mushroom slag, the peat composed of rotten mosses, sawdust, feces of livestock and poultry etc., after fermentation or pyroprocessing, mix by a certain percentage, formed one relatively stable and there is the full nutrition cultivation matrix raw material of shock absorption.The complete nutrients matter needed for vegetable growth can be met.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves is to provide special organic substrate of a kind of capsicum and preparation method thereof, realizes the object absorbing nutritive substance fast.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is:
The special organic substrate of a kind of capsicum, is made up of following raw material: 30-38 part cow dung, 25-30 part mushroom slag, 40-50 part corn cob, 12-18 part rice husk, 10-12 part peat composed of rotten mosses, 6-8 part perlite, 3-5 part orchid seed.
The preparation method of the special organic substrate of above-mentioned capsicum, comprises the following steps:
(1) after first cow dung, mushroom slag, corn cob, rice husk, the peat composed of rotten mosses, perlite, orchid seed being mixed by proportioning, be placed in the fermentation vat of cement making, obturage with covered rearing with plastic film, add suitable moisture, adjustment water content is 50-60%, C/N ratio is 30-40, with the static composting of the airtight with plastic film, make its abundant fermentation maturity, leavening temperature is 40-45 DEG C, carries out turning when fermented substrate core temperature is more than 60 DEG C, ferments 45 days altogether;
(2) pulverize air-dry for the matrix of fermentative processing when water ratio is 8-10%, until the length of various composition is all less than 8mm in organic matter;
(3) above-mentioned organic matter is passed through screening, cleans and wind election process process, select the particle diameter produced to be less than the particle of 6mm, pack.
Described organic substrate needs first to irrigate with water in use.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, raw material is easy to get, and preparation method is simple, and easily planningization is produced.
2, carried out pulverization process to matrix in the present invention, and sieved, matrix granule diameter is little, and root contact gear ratio surface-area is comparatively large, is beneficial to the quick absorption of capsicum root to nutrition.
3, rationally, the growth for capsicum provides sufficient nutrient element, meets plant-growth needs in the nutrition preparation of matrix.
Embodiment
Below preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, can be easier to make advantages and features of the invention be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, thus more explicit defining is made to protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
The special organic substrate of a kind of capsicum, is made up of following raw material: 30 parts of cow dungs, 25 parts of mushroom slags, 40 parts of corn cobs, 12 parts of rice husks, 10 parts of peats composed of rotten mosses, 6 parts of perlites, 3 parts of orchid seeds.
The preparation method of the special organic substrate of above-mentioned capsicum, comprises the following steps:
(1) after first cow dung, mushroom slag, corn cob, rice husk, the peat composed of rotten mosses, perlite, orchid seed being mixed by proportioning, be placed in the fermentation vat of cement making, obturage with covered rearing with plastic film, add suitable moisture, adjustment water content is 50-60%, C/N ratio is 30-40, with the static composting of the airtight with plastic film, make its abundant fermentation maturity, leavening temperature is 40-45 DEG C, carries out turning when fermented substrate core temperature is more than 60 DEG C, ferments 45 days altogether;
(2) pulverize air-dry for the matrix of fermentative processing when water ratio is 8-10%, until the length of various composition is all less than 8mm in organic matter;
(3) above-mentioned organic matter is passed through screening, cleans and wind election process process, select the particle diameter produced to be less than the particle of 6mm, pack.
Embodiment 2
The special organic substrate of a kind of capsicum, is made up of following raw material: 34 parts of cow dungs, 27 parts of mushroom slags, 45 parts of corn cobs, 15 parts of rice husks, 11 parts of peats composed of rotten mosses, 7 parts of perlites, 4 parts of orchid seeds.
The preparation method of the special organic substrate of above-mentioned capsicum, comprises the following steps:
(1) after first cow dung, mushroom slag, corn cob, rice husk, the peat composed of rotten mosses, perlite, orchid seed being mixed by proportioning, be placed in the fermentation vat of cement making, obturage with covered rearing with plastic film, add suitable moisture, adjustment water content is 55-70%, C/N ratio is 30-40, with the static composting of the airtight with plastic film, make its abundant fermentation maturity, leavening temperature is 40-45 DEG C, carries out turning when fermented substrate core temperature is more than 60 DEG C, ferments 45 days altogether;
(2) pulverize air-dry for the matrix of fermentative processing when water ratio is 8-10%, until the length of various composition is all less than 8mm in organic matter;
(3) above-mentioned organic matter is passed through screening, cleans and wind election process process, select the particle diameter produced to be less than the particle of 6mm, pack.
Embodiment 3
The special organic substrate of a kind of capsicum, is made up of following raw material: 38 parts of cow dungs, 30 parts of mushroom slags, 50 parts of corn cobs, 18 parts of rice husks, 12 parts of peats composed of rotten mosses, 8 parts of perlites, 5 parts of orchid seeds.
The preparation method of the special organic substrate of above-mentioned capsicum, comprises the following steps:
(1) after first cow dung, mushroom slag, corn cob, rice husk, the peat composed of rotten mosses, perlite, orchid seed being mixed by proportioning, be placed in the fermentation vat of cement making, obturage with covered rearing with plastic film, add suitable moisture, adjustment water content is 55-70%, C/N ratio is 30-40, with the static composting of the airtight with plastic film, make its abundant fermentation maturity, leavening temperature is 40-45 DEG C, carries out turning when fermented substrate core temperature is more than 60 DEG C, ferments 45 days altogether;
(2) pulverize air-dry for the matrix of fermentative processing when water ratio is 8-10%, until the length of various composition is all less than 8mm in organic matter;
(3) above-mentioned organic matter is passed through screening, cleans and wind election process process, select the particle diameter produced to be less than the particle of 6mm, pack.

Claims (2)

1. the special organic substrate of capsicum, is characterized in that being made up of following raw material: 30-38 part cow dung, 25-30 part mushroom slag, 40-50 part corn cob, 12-18 part rice husk, 10-12 part peat composed of rotten mosses, 6-8 part perlite, 3-5 part orchid seed.
2. prepare the method for the special organic substrate of capsicum according to claim 1, it is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) after first cow dung, mushroom slag, corn cob, rice husk, the peat composed of rotten mosses, perlite, orchid seed being mixed by proportioning, be placed in the fermentation vat of cement making, obturage with covered rearing with plastic film, add suitable moisture, adjustment water content is 50-60%, C/N ratio is 30-40, with the static composting of the airtight with plastic film, make its abundant fermentation maturity, leavening temperature is 40-45 DEG C, carries out turning when fermented substrate core temperature is more than 60 DEG C, ferments 45 days altogether;
(2) pulverize air-dry for the matrix of fermentative processing when water ratio is 8-10%, until the length of various composition is all less than 8mm in organic matter;
(3) above-mentioned organic matter is passed through screening, cleans and wind election process process, select the particle diameter produced to be less than the particle of 6mm, pack.
CN201510027921.1A 2015-01-20 2015-01-20 Organic substrate special for chilies and preparation method of organic substrate Pending CN104671920A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510027921.1A CN104671920A (en) 2015-01-20 2015-01-20 Organic substrate special for chilies and preparation method of organic substrate

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510027921.1A CN104671920A (en) 2015-01-20 2015-01-20 Organic substrate special for chilies and preparation method of organic substrate

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104671920A true CN104671920A (en) 2015-06-03

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105198629A (en) * 2015-10-19 2015-12-30 南京市蔬菜科学研究所 Rice seedling raising matrix and industrial production method thereof
CN106045594A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-10-26 上海师范大学 Vegetable cultivating substrate and preparation method thereof
CN106416967A (en) * 2016-07-18 2017-02-22 上海师范大学 Potato cultivation method
CN107298621A (en) * 2017-08-08 2017-10-27 李柳强 A kind of special organic substrate of sponge gourd and preparation method thereof
CN108323402A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-07-27 贺州佳成技术转移服务有限公司 A kind of production method of green pepper seedling medium
CN110558199A (en) * 2019-09-18 2019-12-13 桂林市蔬菜研究所 Method for hole planting of pepper seedlings

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105198629A (en) * 2015-10-19 2015-12-30 南京市蔬菜科学研究所 Rice seedling raising matrix and industrial production method thereof
CN105198629B (en) * 2015-10-19 2018-09-07 南京市蔬菜科学研究所 A kind of rice seedling raising ground substance and its industrialization production method
CN106045594A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-10-26 上海师范大学 Vegetable cultivating substrate and preparation method thereof
CN106416967A (en) * 2016-07-18 2017-02-22 上海师范大学 Potato cultivation method
CN107298621A (en) * 2017-08-08 2017-10-27 李柳强 A kind of special organic substrate of sponge gourd and preparation method thereof
CN108323402A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-07-27 贺州佳成技术转移服务有限公司 A kind of production method of green pepper seedling medium
CN110558199A (en) * 2019-09-18 2019-12-13 桂林市蔬菜研究所 Method for hole planting of pepper seedlings

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Application publication date: 20150603

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