CN104396479A - Sphagnum squarrosum artificial cultivation method - Google Patents

Sphagnum squarrosum artificial cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104396479A
CN104396479A CN201410519469.6A CN201410519469A CN104396479A CN 104396479 A CN104396479 A CN 104396479A CN 201410519469 A CN201410519469 A CN 201410519469A CN 104396479 A CN104396479 A CN 104396479A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling
cultivating tray
days
squarrosum
sphagnum
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Pending
Application number
CN201410519469.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱国金
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GUIZHOU GAOYUAN AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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GUIZHOU GAOYUAN AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410519469.6A priority Critical patent/CN104396479A/en
Publication of CN104396479A publication Critical patent/CN104396479A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G2/00Vegetative propagation

Abstract

The invention discloses a sphagnum squarrosum artificial cultivation method. According to the invention, flat-bottom seedling-raising trays with holes are adopted; an acid-containing cultivation medium with a pH value of 4-6.5 is adopted; collected sphagnum squarrosum entire fresh plants are adopted as seedlings, or the plants are chopped into sections with lengths of 0.5-5cm, and the sections are adopted as seedlings; chopped straw is uniformly spread for covering the seedlings; four-side nozzles are arranged above the seedling-raising trays, and the seedling-raising trays with planted seedlings are covered by a green sunshade net; a micro-spray method is adopted, wherein spray wetting is carried out 3-6 times per day; after 30 days of cultivation, sporophores begin to germinate and propagate; buds appear at the sporophores after 60 days; and the sphagnum squarrosum is mature after 18 months of planting; the mature sphagnum squarrosum is harvested in a way that the parts 1cm above the ground are cut by a knife. With the cultivation method, wild sphagnum squarrosum resources can be domesticated and used for breeding seedlings for artificial cultivation popularization. The obtained sphagnum squarrosum breed has the advantages of fast growth speed, high plant height, and robust quality. A fresh product unit yield is 7500kg, and a dried product unit yield is 400-500kg.

Description

A kind of Sphagnum squarrosum Crom artificial method for planting
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Sphagnum squarrosum Crom artificial method for planting, belong to bog moss planting technology field.
Background technology
Bog moss, another name sphagna, belong to Sphagnobrya, Sphagnales, Chinese patent 200310104033 discloses a kind of water moss implantation method.The method is cultivated by whole for bog moss branch strain or after cutting off, and be the primary seedling that wild seedling becomes artificial planting domestication, plantation output is not high, traditionally implantation methods, per mu yield is at 200 kilograms, and quality, not as New Zealand and Chilean bog moss, does not reach the requirement of outlet high price yet.Whole world bog moss kind more than 300 is planted, and China has 46 kinds.As " medium peat moss ", " adding Sa bog moss ", " Sphagnum squarrosum Crom ", " intending sharp leaf bog moss ", " warm ground bog moss and subspecies thereof ", " heavy foliage bog moss ", " bog moss and subspecies thereof " etc.The purposes, outward appearance, product phase, growth characteristics etc. of various bog moss have a certain distance, if adopt original bog moss implantation methods, cannot carry out cultivating, improveing for single variety, reach the object that further artificial planting improves bog moss product quality and output.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to: a kind of Sphagnum squarrosum Crom artificial method for planting is provided, Sphagnum squarrosum Crom plantation can be applicable to, improve Sphagnum squarrosum Crom kind, improve its output.
Technical scheme of the present invention: a kind of Sphagnum squarrosum Crom artificial method for planting, comprises the steps:
(1) adopt flat seedling-cultivating tray with holes, select the cultivation medium containing sour pH value 4 to 6.5, cultivation medium is sowed on seedling-cultivating tray, the thick 0.1-3cm of cultivation medium, soil is clapped and is tight compact;
(2), by the Sphagnum squarrosum Crom fresh goods plant body whole piece of collection or be chopped into long broken section of 0.5cm-5cm, sow equably onto a media surface in response as seedling, one square metre is 200-300g by seedling amount;
(3), by broken section of the straw of chopping growth 3-5cm sow equably and cover seedling, 1 square metre with broken section of 50-150g straw, then by broken for straw section, seedling and medium clap tight;
(4), four sides shower nozzle is installed above seedling-cultivating tray, with the shade net of green the seedling-cultivating tray of having planted is built and by the surrounding compacting of shade net;
(5) the micro-spray method of the seedling of, having planted squirts for one day 3-6 times;
(6), the seedling of plantation checks once, to will filling of being short of seedling for every 10 days;
(7), cultivate sporophyte after 30 days and start rudiment and breed, after 60 days, sporophyte exposes bud head, plants and cuts one's eye-teeth after 18 months, takes overhead more than the 1cm position method of lancinating to gather in.
Aforesaid Sphagnum squarrosum Crom artificial method for planting, described cultivation medium is leaf mould.
Aforesaid Sphagnum squarrosum Crom artificial method for planting, the described seedling-cultivating tray degree of depth is 6-10cm, tries to get to the heart of a matter to be provided with through hole according to the spacing of 10cm × 10cm.
Aforesaid Sphagnum squarrosum Crom artificial method for planting, comprises the steps:
(1) adopt flat seedling-cultivating tray with holes, select the cultivation medium containing sour pH value 5 to 6, cultivation medium is sowed on seedling-cultivating tray, the thick 0.5-2cm of cultivation medium, soil is clapped and is tight compact;
(2), by the Sphagnum squarrosum Crom fresh goods plant body of collection be chopped into broken section that 1cm-2cm is long, sow equably onto a media surface in response as seedling, one square metre is 230-280g by seedling amount;
(3), by broken section of the straw of chopping growth 3-5cm sow equably and cover seedling, 1 square metre with broken section of 80-120g straw, then by broken for straw section, seedling and medium clap tight;
(4), four sides shower nozzle is installed above seedling-cultivating tray, with the shade net of green the seedling-cultivating tray of having planted is built and by the surrounding compacting of shade net;
(5) the micro-spray method of the seedling of, having planted squirts for one day 4-5 times;
(6), the seedling of plantation checks once, to will filling of being short of seedling for every 10 days;
(7), cultivate sporophyte after 30 days and start rudiment and breed, after 60 days, sporophyte exposes bud head, plants and cuts one's eye-teeth after 18 months, takes overhead more than the 1cm position method of lancinating to gather in.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: applicant of the present invention, be devoted to bog moss cultivation, the research of plantation, production work always, Sphagnum squarrosum Crom artificial method for planting disclosed in this patent is the summary that nursery is cultivated after applicant's long-term experiment, artificial habituation of wild bog moss.Sphagnum squarrosum Crom, its plant corpus is sturdy, grows the plant 10-12cm of 1 year half, in celadon yellowish-brown, yellow green or slightly aubergine, neck skin portion 2 to 4 confluent monolayer cells, epidermal cell thin-walled without water hole, axis yellowish orange or light green, neck leaf is large, in ligulate, long 1.6 to 1.7 millimeters, wealthy 1 to 1.4 millimeters, tip circle is blunt, every 52 Johnson & Johnson of growing thickly.Plant is straight and upright thick, monoecism.Male branch is green, and gynospore is in yellow.Be grown on sylvan life wetland or the limit, ditch of the Northern Hemisphere and southern high and cold mountain area, the kind of Sphagnum squarrosum Crom is rare more, and not having commodity to utilize at present only has considerably less sample for scientific experiment.By implantation methods of the present invention, nursery after wild bog moss resource domestication can be carried out people and plant popularization, to the development of bog moss industry, there is profound significance.
The present invention plants the Sphagnum squarrosum Crom kind obtained, fast growth, plant corpus are tall and big, quality is sturdy, per unit area yield fresh goods 7500 kilograms, dry product 400 kilograms to 500 kilograms, may be used for research and development " plant cigarette filter " and replace chemical fibre cigarette filter, " plant diaper ", the product of environmental protections such as " vegetable food product desiccant ".
Embodiment
Embodiments of the invention 1: a kind of Sphagnum squarrosum Crom artificial method for planting, comprises the steps:
(1) adopt flat seedling-cultivating tray with holes, select the cultivation medium containing sour pH value 4 to 6.5, cultivation medium is sowed on seedling-cultivating tray, the thick 0.1-3cm of cultivation medium, soil is clapped and is tight compact; Cultivation medium is leaf mould etc.The seedling-cultivating tray degree of depth is 6-10cm, tries to get to the heart of a matter to be provided with through hole according to the spacing of 10cm × 10cm.
(2), by the Sphagnum squarrosum Crom fresh goods plant body whole piece of collection or be chopped into long broken section of 0.5cm-5cm, sow equably onto a media surface in response as seedling, one square metre is 200-300g by seedling amount;
(3), by broken section of the straw of chopping growth 3-5cm sow equably and cover seedling, 1 square metre with broken section of 50-150g straw, then by broken for straw section, seedling and medium clap tight;
(4), four sides shower nozzle is installed above seedling-cultivating tray, with the shade net of green the seedling-cultivating tray of having planted is built and by the surrounding compacting of shade net;
(5) the micro-spray method of the seedling of, having planted squirts for one day 3-6 times;
(6), the seedling of plantation checks once, to will filling of being short of seedling for every 10 days;
(7), cultivate sporophyte after 30 days and start rudiment and breed, after 60 days, sporophyte exposes bud head, plants and cuts one's eye-teeth after 18 months, takes overhead more than the 1cm position method of lancinating to gather in.After first time harvesting, need not sow, can select every year to gather in once October to the lunar calendar August at the lunar calendar, the processing factory that transports to together with weeds of having gathered in carries out sorting processing later.
Embodiments of the invention 2: Sphagnum squarrosum Crom artificial method for planting, comprises the steps:
(1) adopt flat seedling-cultivating tray with holes, select the cultivation medium containing sour pH value 5 to 6, cultivation medium is sowed on seedling-cultivating tray, the thick 0.5-2cm of cultivation medium, soil is clapped and is tight compact; The seedling-cultivating tray degree of depth is 8cm, tries to get to the heart of a matter to be provided with through hole according to the spacing of 10cm × 10cm.
(2), by the Sphagnum squarrosum Crom fresh goods plant body of collection be chopped into broken section that 1cm-2cm is long, sow equably onto a media surface in response as seedling, one square metre is 230-280g by seedling amount;
(3), by broken section of the straw of chopping growth 3-5cm sow equably and cover seedling, 1 square metre with broken section of 80-120g straw, then by broken for straw section, seedling and medium clap tight;
(4), four sides shower nozzle is installed above seedling-cultivating tray, with the shade net of green the seedling-cultivating tray of having planted is built and by the surrounding compacting of shade net;
(5) the micro-spray method of the seedling of, having planted squirts for one day 4-5 times;
(6), the seedling of plantation checks once, to will filling of being short of seedling for every 10 days;
(7), cultivate sporophyte after 30 days and start rudiment and breed, after 60 days, sporophyte exposes bud head, plants and cuts one's eye-teeth after 18 months, takes overhead more than the 1cm position method of lancinating to gather in.
Embodiments of the invention 3: Sphagnum squarrosum Crom artificial method for planting, comprises the steps:
(1) adopt flat seedling-cultivating tray with holes, select the cultivation medium containing sour pH value 5.5, cultivation medium is sowed on seedling-cultivating tray, the thick 1cm of cultivation medium, soil is clapped and is tight compact;
(2), by the Sphagnum squarrosum Crom fresh goods plant body of collection be chopped into broken section that 1.5cm is long, sow equably onto a media surface in response as seedling, one square metre is 200g by seedling amount;
(3), by broken section of the straw of chopping growth 4cm sow equably and cover seedling, 1 square metre with broken section of 100g straw, then by broken for straw section, seedling and medium clap tight;
(4), four sides shower nozzle is installed above seedling-cultivating tray, with the shade net of green the seedling-cultivating tray of having planted is built and by the surrounding compacting of shade net;
(5) the micro-spray method of the seedling of, having planted squirts for one day 5 times;
(6), the seedling of plantation checks once, to will filling of being short of seedling for every 10 days;
(7), cultivate sporophyte after 30 days and start rudiment and breed, after 60 days, sporophyte exposes bud head, plants and cuts one's eye-teeth after 18 months, takes overhead more than the 1cm position method of lancinating to gather in.

Claims (4)

1. a Sphagnum squarrosum Crom artificial method for planting, is characterized in that: comprise the steps:
(1) adopt flat seedling-cultivating tray with holes, select the cultivation medium containing sour pH value 4 to 6.5, cultivation medium is sowed on seedling-cultivating tray, the thick 0.1-3cm of cultivation medium, soil is clapped and is tight compact;
(2), by the Sphagnum squarrosum Crom fresh goods plant body whole piece of collection or be chopped into long broken section of 0.5cm-5cm, sow equably onto a media surface in response as seedling, one square metre is 200-300g by seedling amount;
(3), by broken section of the straw of chopping growth 3-5cm sow equably and cover seedling, 1 square metre with broken section of 50-150g straw, then by broken for straw section, seedling and medium clap tight;
(4), four sides shower nozzle is installed above seedling-cultivating tray, with the shade net of green the seedling-cultivating tray of having planted is built and by the surrounding compacting of shade net;
(5) the micro-spray method of the seedling of, having planted squirts for one day 3-6 times;
(6), the seedling of plantation checks once, to will filling of being short of seedling for every 10 days;
(7), cultivate sporophyte after 30 days and start rudiment and breed, after 60 days, sporophyte exposes bud head, plants and cuts one's eye-teeth after 18 months, takes overhead more than the 1cm position method of lancinating to gather in.
2. Sphagnum squarrosum Crom artificial method for planting according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cultivation medium is leaf mould.
3. Sphagnum squarrosum Crom artificial method for planting according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the described seedling-cultivating tray degree of depth is 6-10cm, tries to get to the heart of a matter to be provided with through hole according to the spacing of 10cm × 10cm.
4. the Sphagnum squarrosum Crom artificial method for planting according to any one of claims 1 to 3, is characterized in that: comprise the steps:
(1) adopt flat seedling-cultivating tray with holes, select the cultivation medium containing sour pH value 5 to 6, cultivation medium is sowed on seedling-cultivating tray, the thick 0.5-2cm of cultivation medium, soil is clapped and is tight compact;
(2), by the Sphagnum squarrosum Crom fresh goods plant body of collection be chopped into broken section that 1cm-2cm is long, sow equably onto a media surface in response as seedling, one square metre is 230-280g by seedling amount;
(3), by broken section of the straw of chopping growth 3-5cm sow equably and cover seedling, 1 square metre with broken section of 80-120g straw, then by broken for straw section, seedling and medium clap tight;
(4), four sides shower nozzle is installed above seedling-cultivating tray, with the shade net of green the seedling-cultivating tray of having planted is built and by the surrounding compacting of shade net;
(5) the micro-spray method of the seedling of, having planted squirts for one day 4-5 times;
(6), the seedling of plantation checks once, to will filling of being short of seedling for every 10 days;
(7), cultivate sporophyte after 30 days and start rudiment and breed, after 60 days, sporophyte exposes bud head, plants and cuts one's eye-teeth after 18 months, takes overhead more than the 1cm position method of lancinating to gather in.
CN201410519469.6A 2014-09-30 2014-09-30 Sphagnum squarrosum artificial cultivation method Pending CN104396479A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107926573A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-04-20 佛山市高明区云大机械科技有限公司 A kind of water moss implantation method
CN109349078A (en) * 2018-10-15 2019-02-19 宁德市农业科学研究所 A kind of bog moss indoor cultivation method for Ganoderma of clean and environmental protection
CN113993370A (en) * 2019-04-09 2022-01-28 卓越园艺有限公司 Method and apparatus for collecting upper active layer of peat bogs

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1545860A (en) * 2003-12-14 2004-11-17 朱国金 Water moss implantation method
CN101406128A (en) * 2008-05-18 2009-04-15 蔡奇英 Artificial planting of sphagnum
CN102282999A (en) * 2011-06-28 2011-12-21 上海水生环境工程有限公司 Underwater turf planting method for modularized submerged plants
CN203590787U (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-05-14 温州科技职业学院 Sphagnum moss potted plant

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1545860A (en) * 2003-12-14 2004-11-17 朱国金 Water moss implantation method
CN101406128A (en) * 2008-05-18 2009-04-15 蔡奇英 Artificial planting of sphagnum
CN102282999A (en) * 2011-06-28 2011-12-21 上海水生环境工程有限公司 Underwater turf planting method for modularized submerged plants
CN203590787U (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-05-14 温州科技职业学院 Sphagnum moss potted plant

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107926573A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-04-20 佛山市高明区云大机械科技有限公司 A kind of water moss implantation method
CN109349078A (en) * 2018-10-15 2019-02-19 宁德市农业科学研究所 A kind of bog moss indoor cultivation method for Ganoderma of clean and environmental protection
CN109349078B (en) * 2018-10-15 2020-11-13 宁德市农业科学研究所 Clean and environment-friendly indoor cultivation method for sphagnum
CN113993370A (en) * 2019-04-09 2022-01-28 卓越园艺有限公司 Method and apparatus for collecting upper active layer of peat bogs
CN113993370B (en) * 2019-04-09 2023-07-25 卓越园艺有限公司 Method and apparatus for collecting upper active layer of peat marshes

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