CN104350927A - Cultivation method of Chinese cabbage on balcony - Google Patents

Cultivation method of Chinese cabbage on balcony Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104350927A
CN104350927A CN201410666772.9A CN201410666772A CN104350927A CN 104350927 A CN104350927 A CN 104350927A CN 201410666772 A CN201410666772 A CN 201410666772A CN 104350927 A CN104350927 A CN 104350927A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
balcony
chinese cabbage
variety
sowing
cultivation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410666772.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
江解增
田秋芳
张娜
石如琼
陈晓红
刘野
潘瑞瑞
崔佳雯
邓琴
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Yangzhou University
Original Assignee
Yangzhou University
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yangzhou University filed Critical Yangzhou University
Priority to CN201410666772.9A priority Critical patent/CN104350927A/en
Publication of CN104350927A publication Critical patent/CN104350927A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers

Abstract

The invention provides a cultivation method of a Chinese cabbage on a balcony for realizing multiple harvesting after one-time sowing, and aims to solve the problems of labor consuming, time consuming and long interval time between every two cuts existing in the prior art. Balcony cultivation containers are adopted; when the daily mean temperature reaches over 25 DEG C, a cultivation substrate with moderate viscosity, sufficient nutrient and thickness of being over 5 cm is selected and used, layered sowing is performed according to multiple times of the conventional using amount of vegetables, and the conventional management is performed; the cabbages are harvested when fewer side roots of the plants exist; the larger plants are pulled out during harvesting, and smaller plants are remained to grow continuously. The seed germination time can be staggered by using the layered sowing, the growth period and the harvesting and eating cycles of the groups are prolonged, and the interval time for harvesting of every two cuts can also be greatly shortened. The ultrahigh-density sowing can realize one-time sowing and multiple harvesting, can obtain higher yield of a unit area and can save the space of the balcony.

Description

The cultivation method of a kind of balcony a variety of Chinese cabbage
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of agricultural cultivation, particularly the cultivation method of a kind of balcony a variety of Chinese cabbage.
Background technology
The residue of pesticide emerged in an endless stream, heavy metal pollution, urge the appearance of the problems such as long hormone, ripener, antistaling agent, people pay attention to food security more, balcony vegetable plantation that is sustainable, pollution-free, recycling economy seems (Chen Xiaomei of crucial importance, Deng. 2013, modern metropolitan cities balcony agricultural exploration and analysis of development-for Liuhe District, Nanjing. agricultural science and technology communication, 12:52-54).Balcony vegetable-planting mostly is the soilless culture such as substrate culture and nutrient solution culture, also soil cultivation mode can be adopted, namely buy or prepare the organic farming Nutrition Soil of special nutritious, moisture-keeping, fertilizer-keeping according to vegetable species, primarily of the composition such as leaf mould, barnyard manure soil, garden mould and field mud, wood chip and refuse soil (Zeng Weiyin. 2013, Urban Balcony growing vegetables technology. Shanghai vegetables, 06:45-46).A variety of Chinese cabbage is generally sowed in 5-9 month by stages, in batches, broadcasts bonnet fine earth 0.5-1cm, hugs concora crush real, every 667m 2sowing quantity 0.6-0.8kg, needs after emerging, through repeatedly thinning, to stay seedling by certain spacing in the rows, leaf vegetables slightly large during seedling thinning also can go on the market in conjunction with market conditions, can gather successively when growing to 5-10 sheet leaf (Li Hua, etc. 2010, summer pakchoi pollution-free culture technique. Shanghai vegetables, 1:25).The general growth cycle of high temperature season plantation a variety of Chinese cabbage (Chinese little greens) be 20-30 days [Tao Xiandong. 2013, plastic tent cucumber-Chinese little greens (a variety of Chinese cabbage)-crowndaisy chrysanthemum efficiency cultivation technology for high. China's Vegetable, 9:49-51].But it is all thinning one by one that said method relates to thinning, time-consuming; Or once sow, once gather, each stubble minor tick was for up to about 20 days.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of cultivation method of balcony a variety of Chinese cabbage once sowed, repeatedly gather, to solve exist in prior art time-consuming, the problem that each stubble minor tick time is long.
For achieving the above object, the present invention is by the following technical solutions:
A cultivation method for balcony a variety of Chinese cabbage, adopts balcony cultivating container, when daily mean temperature reaches more than 25 DEG C, select moderate viscosity, nutrient sufficient, and thickness is the cultivation matrix of more than 5cm, by many times of layered sowings of the conventional sowing quantity of vegetables, and Routine Management; Gather when plant side root is less, when gathering, larger plant is extracted, stay comparatively plantlet continued growth.
Preferably, described balcony cultivating container is the cultivating container that bottom leaks.
Preferably, divide two-layer sowing by the 3-5 seeding quantity doubly of the conventional sowing quantity of vegetables, first uniform broadcasting half, cover about 0.5cm cultivation matrix, then broadcast second half, cover 0.5-1cm cultivation matrix, broadcast rear suppression.
Preferably, when larger plant about 5 true leaves launch, side root is less, height 12-15cm time gather, stay comparatively plantlet continued growth, can repeatedly gather.
Preferably, when gathering, catch larger plant top to pull out receipts and pull out receipts gently, stay comparatively plantlet continued growth.
Preferably, for preventing cultivation matrix from being drawn pine when pulling out and receiving plant, affecting lower floor's comparatively plantlet continued growth, water once permeable to increase cultivation matrix viscosity before gathering.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: (1) layered sowing can stagger the seed germination time, extend colony breeding time and gather the edible cycle, significantly can shorten every batch of interval time of gathering again.(2) VHD sowing both once can be sowed, repeatedly gather, and obtained the high yield of unit are, saved balcony space.(3) select the cultivation matrix of moderate viscosity, nutrient abundance, more than thickness 5cm, preserve moisture and fertility is effective, need not topdress in process of growth; Moderate viscosity waters permeable before combining and gathering at every turn, pull out the time receiving and can not draw loose cultivation matrix and affect follow-up growth of seedling.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention will be further described.
The cultivation method of balcony a variety of Chinese cabbage, concrete steps are as follows:
(1) (length is respectively 38cm, 28cm, 15cm to the plastics cultivation tray selecting commercially available height suitable, and cross-sectional area is about 0.11m 2), bottom is porose.
(2) June 24 sowing, select wormcast and garden mould by volume 1:2 prepare the organic culture substrate of moderate viscosity, nutrient abundance, matrix is filled to the about 1/2(8cm of cultivation tray) highly.Take 3g commercialized heat-resistant a variety of Chinese cabbage seed and (amount to 27.3g/m 2), first uniform broadcasting half, seed spacing are about 2cm, cover the Nutrition Soil of about 0.5cm to substantially loseing seed; Second half seed of uniform broadcasting again, and cover the Nutrition Soil of 0.5-1cm, broadcast rear suppression, water permeable.
(3) July 10, after planting 15 days, larger plant 5 true leaves launch completely, without obvious side root, colony height 12-15cm time, carry out the 1st batch and gather, every basin output is 369.5g, amounts to per mu yield 2240kg; July 16, gather latter 7 days for the 1st batch, carry out the 2nd batch when plant grows to identical standard and gather, every basin output is 253.5g, amounts to per mu yield 1536kg; July 23, gather for the 2nd batch and within latter 7 days, carry out the 3rd batch and gather, every basin output is 150.0g, i.e. 909kg/ mu.Every basin gross yield reaches 772.0g, amounts to per mu yield 4679kg, far above general planting.
(4) the 3rd batches gather after in basin on have a small amount of young plant, space between plants comparatively large, can let alone to grow into large dish, but for arranging next batch of plantation and complete liquidation, continue to adopt this technology plantation reseeding.
The cultivation method of balcony a variety of Chinese cabbage provided by the invention, once sowing can Multiple harvests, and each batch all can obtain the leaf vegetables of identical standard, saving of work and time, quickness and high efficiency; With the cultivation matrix of moderate viscosity, nutrient abundance, leaf vegetables pulls out the time receiving can not related too much matrix and adjacent seedling, facilitates feasible.

Claims (6)

1. a cultivation method for balcony a variety of Chinese cabbage, is characterized in that: adopt balcony cultivating container, when daily mean temperature reaches more than 25 DEG C, select moderate viscosity, nutrient sufficient, and thickness is the cultivation matrix of more than 5cm, by many times of layered sowings of the conventional sowing quantity of vegetables, Routine Management; Gather when plant side root is less, when gathering, larger plant is extracted, stay comparatively plantlet continued growth.
2. the cultivation method of balcony a variety of Chinese cabbage as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described balcony cultivating container is the cultivating container that bottom leaks.
3. the cultivation method of balcony a variety of Chinese cabbage as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: divide two-layer sowing by the 3-5 seeding quantity doubly of the conventional sowing quantity of vegetables, first uniform broadcasting half, cover about 0.5cm cultivation matrix, then broadcast second half, cover 0.5-1cm cultivation matrix, broadcast rear suppression.
4. the cultivation method of balcony a variety of Chinese cabbage as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: when larger plant about 5 true leaves launch, side root is less, height 12-15cm time gather, stay comparatively plantlet continued growth, can repeatedly gather.
5. the cultivation method of balcony a variety of Chinese cabbage as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: when gathering, catches larger plant top to pull out receipts and pull out receipts gently, stay comparatively plantlet continued growth.
6. as claim 1,4,5 arbitrary as described in the cultivation method of balcony a variety of Chinese cabbage, it is characterized in that: water once permeable before gathering.
CN201410666772.9A 2014-11-20 2014-11-20 Cultivation method of Chinese cabbage on balcony Pending CN104350927A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410666772.9A CN104350927A (en) 2014-11-20 2014-11-20 Cultivation method of Chinese cabbage on balcony

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410666772.9A CN104350927A (en) 2014-11-20 2014-11-20 Cultivation method of Chinese cabbage on balcony

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104350927A true CN104350927A (en) 2015-02-18

Family

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CN201410666772.9A Pending CN104350927A (en) 2014-11-20 2014-11-20 Cultivation method of Chinese cabbage on balcony

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN104350927A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105123184A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-09 孝感市应用技术研究所 Balcony cultivation method for abelmosks
CN105284416A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-02-03 广西佳联达生态农业发展有限责任公司 Planting method of small Chinese cabbages
CN106171496A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-12-07 林俊仁 A kind of balcony vegetable-planting method
CN109769636A (en) * 2017-11-13 2019-05-21 丹阳市陵口镇漕塘土地股份专业合作社 A kind of fruits and vegetables compost

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105123184A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-09 孝感市应用技术研究所 Balcony cultivation method for abelmosks
CN105284416A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-02-03 广西佳联达生态农业发展有限责任公司 Planting method of small Chinese cabbages
CN106171496A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-12-07 林俊仁 A kind of balcony vegetable-planting method
CN109769636A (en) * 2017-11-13 2019-05-21 丹阳市陵口镇漕塘土地股份专业合作社 A kind of fruits and vegetables compost

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Application publication date: 20150218

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